Module 2 Developing and Developed Countries
话题词汇 1.development n.发展 2.advanced adj.高级的；先进的 3.freedom n.自由 4.convenient adj.方便的；便利的 5.crowded adj.拥挤的 6.pollution n.污染 7.welfare n.福利
8.go abroad 出国 9.take in 吸收 10.be lacking in 缺乏 经典语篇 假如你是明华，你堂兄建华在国外学习，你们经常用英文通信。他即将完成学业，不久前来 信就是否回国工作征求你的意见。请根据下列提示写一封回信： 1.建议他回国； 2.你的理由是：(1)学有所用，就业容易；(2)照顾父母。 注意：1.词数 100 左右； 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文应连贯； 3.开头语与结尾已为你写好，不计入总词数。 June 8th Dear Jianhua， I’m very glad to have received the letter you sent me two weeks ago.
Best wishes. Minghua 佳作欣赏 June 8th Dear Jianhua， I’m very glad to have received the letter you sent me two weeks ago.I’ve been
thinking about the question you asked me.In my opinion，you should come back after you finish your studies abroad. For one reason， what you are studying is badly needed nowadays in China.To find a good job will be quite easy for you. In fact，I know a few big companies in our city are hoping to hire people like you.For another reason， I think it will be much more convenient for you to look after your parents as they are getting old.Therefore，I think it’s a good idea for you to return.So what are you waiting for? Best wishes. Minghua 思维发散 1.将第①句用非谓语动词改写 In my opinion，you should come back after finishing your studies abroad. 2.将第②句用 it 作形式主语改写 It will be quite easy for you to find a good job.
Ⅰ.重点单词 A.写作单词 1.income (n.)收入 2.measure (vt.)测定；测量；评估；(n.)尺度；标准；措施 3.goal (n.)目标 4.position (n.)位置 5.figure (n.)数字 6.homeless (adj.)无家可归的 7.charity (n.)慈善团体 8.crowded (adj.)拥挤的 9.smart (adj.)漂亮的；整洁的；时髦的 10.exchange (n.& v.)交换；互换 11.poverty (n.)贫穷 poor (adj.)贫穷的 12.development (n.)发展 develop (v.)发展 developing (adj.)发展中的
developed (adj.)发达的 13.educate (vt.)教育；培养；训练 education (n.)教育 14.unfortunate (adj.)不幸的；遗憾的 unfortunately (adv.)不幸地；遗憾地 15.polluted (adj.)受到污染的 pollute (vt.)污染 pollution (n.)污染 B.阅读单词 16.human (n.)人 17.household (n.)一家人；家庭 18.freeway (n.)高速公路 19.inhabitant (n.)居民 20.location (n.)位置；所在地 21.tourism (n.)旅游业 22.transport (n.)交通工具 23.industrial (adj.)工业的 24.vast (adj.)巨大的；庞大的；浩瀚的 25.entertainment (n.)娱乐 26.hunger (n.)饥饿 hungry (adj.)饥饿的 27.similarity (n.)类似，相似 similar (adj.)相似的 similarly (adv.)相似地 Ⅱ.重点短语 1.up to 直到 2.make efforts 努力 3.be close to 接近；靠近 4.at the top of 在??顶端 5.at the bottom of 在??底部 6.make progress 取得进步 7.be connected with 与??有联系；与??有关 Ⅲ.经典句式 1.From this agreement came the Human Development Report.
《人类发展报告》就来自这份协议文件。 2.Norway is at the top of the list，while the US is at number 7. 挪威高居榜首，而美国则排在第七。 3.However，in other regions of the world，e.g.Eastern Europe，water is now mostly safe to drink. 然而在世界的其他地方，例如东欧，现在的饮用水大多是安全的。 4.This is because living with a foreign family for one or two weeks means that you have to speak their language，and as a result you improve fast. 这是因为和外国家庭在一块儿生活一两周就意味着你不得不说他们的语言， 所以你会进步很 快的。 5.It’s an agreement between towns or cities of similar size and age，which have similar features such as tourism，industry，culture and entertainment. 这是大小和历史相似的城镇或城市之间的协议，它们有相似的特点，如：旅游业、工业、文 化和娱乐。 Ⅳ.课文语法填空 In 2000,147 world leaders agreed to work together to reduce poverty by 2015 1.or earlier.From this agreement came the Human Development Report.The report 2.mainly (main) includes two aspects.One is the Human Development Index，3.which measures the achievements of 175 countries in three ways： life expectancy,4.education(educate) and income.The 5.other is the Development Goals，and the most important ones are to：reduce poverty and hunger；make sure that all children have education up 6.to the age of 11； fight AIDS and other diseases； improve 7.the environment of poor people； encourage 8.developed (develop) countries to give more help to other countries. 9.Based (base) on some examples，the report finally shows that we are making some progress but 10.that we need to make greater efforts.
1 development n.发展；发育；成长?gradual growth of?；壮大；进展情况，发展阶段
[应试指导] (1)科技类写作高频词汇；(2)develop 非谓语动词句法功能的考查 ?1?with the development of 随着??的发展 ?2?develop v.开发；发展；壮大；冲洗?胶卷?；增强；发育,develop from 从??中 长出来?产生出?，由??发展成,develop into?使?发展成/变成?? ?3?developing adj.发展中的,?4?developed adj.发达的) (1)With the development of technology，computer also advances quickly. 随着技术的发展，计算机也在快速发展。 (2)These clashes could develop into open warfare. 这些冲突可能会发展成为公开的战争。 (3)In the developing world cigarette consumption is increasing. 在发展中国家，香烟的消费量正在上升。 多维训练 单句语法填空 (1)With the development(develop) of science and technology，an increasing number of people own private cars. (2)Though China is a developing(develop) country now，its position in the world can’t be ignored. (3)Are there any people suffering from hunger in developed(develop) countries， such as Britain，Germany and the US? (4)The whole idea developed from a casual remark. (5)Jane is developing into a fine figure of a young woman. 2 figure n.数字；身材，体形；人物；v.计算；认为 [应试指导] figure out 作为高级词汇替换 understand [多词一义] figure out，work out，settle，solve ?1?keep one’s figure 保持体形 ?2?figure out 弄懂；计算；想出，理解 figure on 期待；指望 (1)She does exercise every morning to keep her figure. 她每天早上做运动以保持体形。 (2)I can’t figure out why he quit his job. 我琢磨不透他为什么要辞掉工作。 [图解助记]
多维训练 (1)写出下列句子中 figure 的汉语意思 ①She has a good figure.身材 ②By 2014，this figure had risen to 14 million.数字 ③Chairman Mao is an important political figure.人物 ④It is a waxwork(蜡) figure.塑像 (2)单句语法填空 ①This doesn’t mean trying to figure out what’s wrong with the other person. ②Every woman wants a slim figure these days，especially here in the cities. (3)用 figure 短语的正确形式填空 Have you figured out how much the trip has cost? I haven’t figured on costing so much money.To be honest，I can’t figure out what the money has been spent on. 3 make efforts/an effort?to do sth.?努力?做某事??try to do sth.? [应试指导] 写作中作为高级词汇替换 try one’s best make every effort to do sth.尽一切努力做某事 in an effort to do sth.为了做某事 spare no effort?s? to do sth.不遗余力地做某事 without effort 毫不费力地 with effort 努力地，艰难地 (1)He is making an effort to catch up with others in study. 他在学习上正在努力赶上别人。 (2)They promised to spare no effort to help those who are in poverty. 他们承诺会不遗余力地帮助那些生活贫困的人。 (3)He passed the exam without effort. 他轻松地通过了考试。 多维训练 (1)单句语法填空 ①Robin makes a great effort to learn Japanese and he has made progress in it. ②We should spare no effort to make(make) up for the lost time. ③They’ve been working night and day in an effort to get the bridge ready on time.
(2)完成句子 ①He lifted the box without effort. 他毫不费力地把箱子搬起来。 ②With effort she managed to stop herself laughing. 她好不容易才忍住了笑。
4 measure vt.& vi.测量；衡量，判定?价值等??assess?；n.尺度；措施 多维训练 (1)完成句子 ①Please make a suit to my measure(按我的尺寸). ②His success was in some measure(在某种程度上) due to his being in the right place at the right time. ③The government should take measures to prevent(采取措施防止) pollution. ④Education shouldn’t be measured purely/only by( 不应该仅仅用??来衡量 ) the examination results. (2)单句改错 Measures have taken to bring down the high prices of daily goods to keep the market stable.have 后加 been 5 position n.姿势；位置，方位；职位；地位；观点；态度；v.安置；安装 多维训练 (1)写出下列句子中 position 的汉语意思 ①I’m not sure what I would do if I were in your position.处境 ②She holds the position of sales manager.职位 ③From his position on the cliff top，he had a good view of the harbour.位置 (2)单句语法填空 ①If you were in my position，what would you do then? ②Sales director is a position where communication ability is just as important as sales skills. 6 crowded adj.拥挤的 多维训练 (1)单句语法填空
①It’s a bad time to travel by subway because crowds of people are rushing home from work at this hour. ②Fortunately，they got on the crowded(crowd) train. ③With the unsolved matters crowding(crowd) in on him，he couldn’t go to sleep. ④Half an hour before the performance began， the hall was already crowded with audience. (2)完成句子 ①Liu Qian’s act made the crowd(人群) burst into laughter. ②After making my way through a crowd of/crowds of people(一大群人)，I finally found a subway line that was operating. 7 be close to接近于；在??附近；与??关系密切 多维训练 (1)用 close 或 closely 填空 ①We are close friends. ②The boy followed his mother closely. ③Don’t stand so close to her. (2)单句语法填空 ①I got close enough to hear(hear) them speaking Chinese，and I said “Ni Hao” just as I might do in China. ②The new supermarket was once close to closing(close) down.But since the underground was opened，business has been picking up. ③When I saw her close up，I realised she wasn’t Jane. (3)单句改错 Don’t get closely to me；I’m about to get seasick.closely→close
8 Norway is at the top of the list，while the US is at number 7.挪威高居榜首， 而美国则排在第七。 句型公式：while的用法 while 用法较多，既可用作连词，也可用作名词。,?1?表示“在??期间；当??时候”， 指一段时间，引导时间状语从句； ?2?表示“只要”，引导条件状语从句；
?3?表示“虽然；尽管”，引导让步状语从句； ?4?表示“而；却”，是并列连词，构成并列句； ?5?用作名词， 表示“一会儿； 一段时间”， 如 after a while 过了一会儿； once in a while 偶尔，间或。 (1)He told two stories.The former was interesting while the latter was boring. 他讲了两个故事，前者很有趣，然而后者很枯燥。 (2)They arrived while we were having dinner. 他们来的时候，我们正在吃晚饭。 (3)While he has shortcomings，I still like him. 尽管他有缺点，我还是喜欢他。 多维训练 (1)写出下列句子中 while 的汉语意思 ①While I admit that there are problems，I don’t agree that they cannot be solved. 虽然；尽管 ②While Mary was writing a letter，the children were playing outside.当??时候 ③While there’s life there’s hope.只要 (2)单句改错 The south of the country grows richer，when the north grows poorer.when→while 9 It’s an agreement between towns or cities of similar size and age，and which have similar features such as tourism，industry，culture and entertainment.这是 大小和历史相似的城镇或城市之间的协议，它们有相似的特点，如：旅游业、工业、文化和 娱乐等等。 句型公式：be of＋抽象名词 ?1?“of＋抽象名词”可转化为相应的形容词。 这类名词有 value， use， importance， help， interest 等。它们可用 no，some，any，little，much，great 等词修饰。 ?2?有些抽象名词没有相应的形容词形式，这类名词包括 size，weight，height，length， width，age，opinion，colour，price，kind，type，shape，way，quality 等。这类名词 根据具体的情景而变复数形式，也可在其前加冠词。 (1)Each hour，each minute，and each second is of great value to us. 每小时、每分钟、每秒钟对我们来说都很宝贵。 (2)The Americans are of almost all colours and races. 美国人几乎包括各种各样的肤色及种族。 (3)The products are of first rate quality. 这些产品的质量是一流的。
多维训练 (1)一句多译 ①这两个男孩年龄相同。 a.The two boys are of the same age.(be of the＋n.) b.The two boys are of an age.(be of＋n.) ②这本词典对英语学习者没有用。 a.The dictionary is of no use to learners of English.(be of＋n.) b.The dictionary is useless to learners of English.(be＋adj.) (2)单句改错 A good breakfast is of important to your health.important→importance 或去掉 of
Ⅰ.语境填词 1.The position( 位 置 ) of the classroom with its view made me feel like I was dreaming.(2015·浙江) 2.This would make their yearly income(收入) ￡30,000 more than the Prime Minister earns.(2015·四川) 3.Another argument against television is that it replaces reading as a form of entertainment(娱乐).(2015·广东) 4.If only I could go back and reset my goals(目标).(2015·重庆) 5.They have reduced pollution through effective measures(措施).(2014·新课标全国 Ⅱ) 6.Their habitats have been destroyed by development(发展).(2012·浙江) Ⅱ.单句语法填空 1.And every week he cleaned Old Man McColgin’s chicken house in exchange for manure(肥料).(2015·四川) 2.Unfortunately(unfortunate)，we’ve all been victims of betrayal.(2015·全国Ⅰ) 3.Yet，most parents use an educational(education) program as a chance to park their kids in front of the set and do something in another room.(2015·广东) 4.Now that Chicago’s waste water was draining efficiently into the Chicago River， the city’s next step was to clean the polluted(pollute) river.(2015·湖南) 5.The bear behaved abnormally，probably because of hunger(hungry).(2014·北京) 6.This association，founded by Bill Drayton，has fought poverty(poor) and sickness，
promoted education and encouraged small businesses.(2014·安徽) Ⅲ.短语填空 make progress，be crowded with，make efforts，be connected with，up to 1.New students are now aware that they are likely to leave university up to ￡15,000 in debt.(2015·全国Ⅱ) 2.Many scholars are making efforts to rescue disappearing languages.(2014·新课 标全国Ⅰ) 3.But with some work and devotion，you’ll make progress.(2013·安徽) 4.The Information Highway is crowded with car drivers.(2011·安徽) 5.You can see changes in their life that are connected with their alternative break experiences.(2011·天津) Ⅳ.完成句子 1.He could see that money would be of little use to them.(2011·陕西) 他能够看到钱对他们来说几乎没有用。 2.The door was opened suddenly and out he rushed. 门突然被打开了，他冲了出来。 3.The Internet changed our life while at the same time it also brought us some unexpected bad influences. 因特网改变了我们的生活，然而与此同时，它也给我们带来了意想不到的坏影响。 4.David is easy?going and liked by everyone.He is easy to get along with. David 性格随和，人人都喜欢他。与他相处很容易。 5.Some people succeed，while others may not.This is because some people possess certain qualities，which others do not. 有些人成功了，而其他的人则没能成功。这是因为有些人拥有一些特质，而其他人没有。
写作素材 (关于贫困家庭) 1.现在仍然有很多家庭生活在贫穷中。 2.政府正采取措施帮助他们。 3.他们会得到培训和教育。 4.他们也应该努力改变自己的生活。 5.随着经济的发展，所有人将过上幸福的生活。 提示 黑体部分用本单元词汇表达，并且请使用 there be...doing，with the development of 等结构。
连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文) Nowadays，there are still a lot of households living in poverty.The government is taking measures to help them.They will receive training and education.They should also make efforts to change their own life.With the development of economy，all the people will live a happy life.
练出高分 Ⅰ.阅读理解 A (建议用时 6’) BEIJING—Rising smartphone star Xiaomi is moving upmarket and taking aim at Apple’s iPhone.The Chinese maker known for low?priced phones on Thursday unveiled(发布) a new model that Chairman Jun Lei said is comparable to Apple’s iPhone 6 but thinner， lighter and much cheaper.The phone starts at 2,299 yuan( 375)，less than half the 5,288 yuan ( 865) price of an iPhone 6 in China. Xiaomi，founded in 2010，passed South Korea’s Samsung Electronics Co.in the second quarter of last year as the best?selling smartphone brand in China by number of phones sold.The company is expanding into India and other developing markets but has yet to announce plans to enter the United States or Europe. Xiaomi “is a respected brand that already has an Apple?like following” in China， said analyst Brian Blair ， who tracks mobile device makers at Rosenblatt Securities.Apple is still a relatively small player in China ， selling about 45 million iPhones there last year，Blair estimates，but will continue to grow. “Apple is very much a premium(高端的) brand，” said Blair.“The company that’s more at risk is Samsung，which has been losing share in that market.” Privately held(私人控股的) Xiaomi said last year’s sales tripled to 61.1 million phones and revenue(收益) more than doubled to 74.3 billion yuan( 12.2 billion)．The company，based in Beijing，recently completed a round of fundraising from investors that it said valued Xiaomi at 45 billion，making it one of the world’s most valuable technology brands. Xiaomi ran into legal trouble in India in December after a court blocked sales while it hears a complaint by Sweden’s LM Ericcson that the Chinese company violated its patents. In a blog post earlier this month，Lei called the case a “rite of passage(成年
礼)” for a young company. 1．Which of the following statements is TRUE? A．Xiaomi sold more cellphones than Samsung in 2010 in China. B．Compared to Xiaomi，Apple’s iPhone 6 is thinner and lighter. C．Low?price is Xiaomi’s advantage over Apple’s iPhones. D．The company is expanding into the United States or Europe. 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。根据第一段中的“The phone starts at 2,299 yuan( 375)，less than half the 5,288 yuan( 865) price of an iPhone 6 in China.”可知小米的低价是它同苹 果相比的优势。故选 C。 2．What can be inferred from the passage according to Brian Blair? A．More than 45 million iPhones will be sold this year. B．Xiaomi can beat Apple in the market of China. C．He thinks Xiaomi is superior to Apple. D．Samsung will be closed for losing share in the market. 答案 A 解析 推理判断题。 根据第三段中的“Apple is still a relatively small player in China， selling about 45 million iPhones there last year”可知今年 iPhones 将会售出超过 4 500 万个 iPhones。故选 A。 3．How is the 5th paragraph developed? A．By giving examples. B．By analyzing cause and effect. C．By providing data. D．By making comparisons. 答案 C 解析 推理判断题。by giving examples 通过举例；by analyzing cause and effect 通过 分析原因和影响；by providing data 通过提供数据；by making comparisons 通过比较。 根据第五段的数据可知这段是通过提供数据展开的。故选 C。 4．What’s the attitude of Jun Lei towards the case of Xiaomi in India? A．Negative. B．Satisfied. C．Positive. D．Doubtful. 答案 C 解析 推理判断题。根据第二段中的“The company is expanding into India and other developing markets”和最后一段表明他对小米在印度发展的态度是积极的。故选 C。
B (建议用时 6’) Barack Obama has really gone wild.The US president has taken part in the survival television show Running Wild With Bear Grylls，which will air on NBC later this year.In the show，Obama goes on an adventure with host Bear Grylls，learning how to survive in the Alaskan wilderness. Edward Michael “Bear” Grylls,41，has become known around the world as one of the most famous outdoor adventurers.The Briton has appeared on a number of wilderness survival shows in which he has climbed，sailed，and eaten bugs or cow tongue. Obama doesn’t have to eat bugs or cow tongue on his adventure with Grylls.But he does have to eat leftovers—a bloody salmon (三文鱼)．It was partly enjoyed by a bear that left some meat behind. Although he is far from the White House kitchen ， Obama seems to enjoy the outdoors.“As president，I am in what’s called the bubble(保护膜)，and the Secret Service makes sure that I’m always out of danger...but I sometimes want to get out， ” he said in a video. However，Obama’s appearance on the show isn’t just for fun.He took part to raise awareness of the effect global warming has had on the US’s largest state，Alaska. 5．On his adventure，Obama .
A．has to eat something strange like bugs B．enjoys cow tongue with Grylls C．takes in some unusual food D．never has any difficulty 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。根据第三段第二句“But he does have to eat leftovers—a bloody salmon (三文鱼)．”可知在这次冒险中，奥巴马吃了一些不同寻常的食物。故选 C。 6．It can be inferred from the passage that .
A．Obama has been tired of the life in the White House B．US presidents have never been in danger because of the Secret Service C．the food prepared in the White House is not as good as the food outdoors D．the life outside the White House is sometimes attractive to the president 答案 D 解析 推理判断题。根据倒数第二段中的“Although he is far from the White House
kitchen，Obama seems to enjoy the outdoors.”以及“but I sometimes want to get out”
可知白宫之外的生活有时对这位总统很有吸引力。故选 D。 7．The purpose of Obama’s appearance on the show is A．to have some fun B．to promote environmental protection C．to enjoy the wilderness in Alaska D．to get out of the White House for a change 答案 B 解析 细节理解题。根据最后一段最后一句“He took part to raise awareness of the .
effect global warming has had on the US’s largest state，Alaska.”可知奥巴马参 加这次活动是为了提高人们对全球变暖的影响的认识，也就是为了促进环境保护。故选 B。 8．Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A．Grylls is the most well known outdoor adventurer around the world. B．The TV show with Obama’s appearance is now on air on NBC. C．Obama learns how to survive with host Bear Grylls in African wilderness. D．Grylls has special abilities to survive in the wild. 答案 D 解析 推理判断题。根据第二段可知 41 岁的 Edward Michael 作为世界上最著名的户外冒险 运动者之一，参加了许多户外生存节目，据此可推知他拥有在野外生存的特殊的能力。故选 D。 Ⅱ.七选五 Home on the Way People need homes.Children assume their parents’ place as home.Boarders call school “home” on weekdays.Married couples work together to build new homes and travelers have no place to call “home”，at least for a few nights. 9 ？ Don’t they have the right to have a home? Of course they do. Some regular travelers take their own belongings like bed sheets，pillowcases and family photos to make them feel like home no matter where they are.Some stay for long periods in the same hotel and as a result become very familiar with service and attendants. 10 .Furthermore，driving a camping car during one’s travels and
sleeping in the vehicle at night is just like home—only mobile! And how about keeping relationships while in transit(运输中)？ 11 .Some send
letters and postcards，or even photos.Others may just call and say Hi just to let their friends know that they’re still alive and well.People find ways to keep in touch.Making friends on the way helps travelers feel more or less at home. 12 .
Nowadays，fewer people are working in their local towns，so how do they develop a sense of belonging? Whenever we step out of our local boundaries，there is always another “home” waiting to be found. 13 ，we can make the place we stay “home”．
A．Hostels(招待所) provide a clean safe place to stay while you are travelling the world B．Others may simply put some flowers by the hotel window to make things more homely C ． Backpackers in youth hostels may become very good friends ， even closer than siblings(手足) D．So how about people who have to travel for extended periods of time E．No matter where you go in the world，hotels are there，too F．Some keep contact with their friends via Internet G．Wherever we are，with just a little bit of effort and imagination 答案 9.D 10.B 11.F 12.C 13.G Ⅲ.短文改错 Having a dream is of great importance.Your dreams are ordinary and realistic.I hope I will admitted into a top university and become a good doctor after I will graduate from university.I hoped one day I can find a cure for cancer.I hope those whom love me and those whom I love will be healthy and live happy every day.To realize my dreams， I will take more exercises to build up my body.I will try my best to focus time and energy to my study.I must work hard at my lessons or be fully preparing for the entrance exam. 答案 Your Having a dream is of great importance. dreams are ordinary and realistic.I hope My ∧ I will be admitted into a top university and become a good doctor after I will\ graduate from university.I hoped one day I can find a cure for cancer.I hope those hope
whom happy love me and those whom I love will be healthy and live every day.To who/that happily realize my dreams，I will take more to focus time and energy exercises to build up my body.I will try my best exercise
to or my study.I must work hard at my lessons be fully on and
preparing for the entrance exam. prepared