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4. 作文替换词


1.individuals,characters, folks 替换(people ,persons) 2: positive, favorable, rosy (美好的),promising (有希望的),perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding, superior 替换 good 3:dreadful, unfavorable

, poor, adverse, ill (有害的)替换 bad 如果 bad 做表语,可以有 be less impressive 替换 e.g. An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation ,as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive. 4.(an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,a host of, many, if not most)替换 many. 注:用 many, if not most 一定要小心,many 后一定要有词。 Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that….同理 用 most, if not all ,替换 most. 5: a slice of, quiet a few , several 替换 some 6:harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that)替 think (因为是书面语,所以要加 that) 7:affair ,business ,matter 替换 thing 8: shared 代 common 9.reap huge fruits 替换 get many benefits ) 10:for my part ,from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion 11:Increasing(ly),growing 替 换 more and more( 注 意 没 有 growingly 这 种 形 式 。 所 以 当 修 饰 名 词 时 用 increasing/growing.修饰形容词,副词用 increasingly. Eg.sth has gained growing popularity. Sth is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth. 12.little if anything, 或 little or nothing 替换 hardly 13..beneficial, rewarding 替换 helpful, 14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 替换 customer 15.exceedingly,extremely, intensely 替换 very 16.hardly necessary, hardly inevitable ... 替换 unnecessary, avoidable 17.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 替换 sb take interest in / sb. be interested in 18.capture one's attention 替换 attract one's attention. 19.facet,dimension,sphere 代 aspect 20.be indicative of ,be suggestive of ,代 indicate, suggest ,fear 21.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换 cause. 22. There are several reasons behind sth 替换..reasons for sth 23.desire 替换 want. 24.pour attention into 替换 pay attention to 25.bear in mind that 替换 remember 26. enjoy, possess 替换 have 27. interaction 替换 communication 28.frown on sth 替换 be against , disagree with sth 29.to name only a few, as an example 替换 for example, for instance 30. next to / virtually impossible,替换 nearly / almost impossible 基本表达(Basic Elements of English Writing): 越来越:be increasingly + adj., be on the rise, the growing number of 人们认为:it is generally/widely believed/held/agreed that 许多问题:a host of/a number of problems 引起人们注意:claim call/attract general/public/world attention to sth. 意识到:there is a growing awareness/realization of/that, awaken sb. to the fact/danger 适应新的形势/变化:adapt/adjust/accommodate oneself to new environment/change 接触各种思想/经历:be exposed to new ideas/experiences/problems

接触社会:come into frequent/close contact with the world/society 获得成功:achieve/accomplish success 提出观点/建议:advance / put forward / come up with the arguments/ideas/suggestions 作出努力:make tremendous/persistent/sustained efforts to do sth., take great pains to do(with work/study) 影响学习/工作:interfere with studies/work 产生影响:have/exert a profound influence on life/personality, have a dramatic/undesirable effect on 较好地驾驭生活:be a better pilot of one's life 剥夺机会/权力:deprive/strip oneself of the chance/right/opportunity 取代就的方式:substitute for/take the place of the old way 采取措施:take effective steps/measures to 控制我们的环境:take/gain increasing control over our own environment 躲避危险/挑战:shy/run away from the dangers/challenge 满足要求:meet/satisfy/accommodate the demand of 补偿损失:compensate for/make up for the loss/damage 解释某现象:account for/explain the phenomenon 对……很好的了解:have a better understanding/appreciation of, have a new perspective on. provide/gain an insight into 把某因素考虑进去:take sth. Into account(consideration), give much thought to 品位人生/自由/青春:savor the life/freedom/youth 培养对……的信心:develop/foster/boost one's interest/confidence in 经历变化/困难/艰险:undergo/experience great changes/hardships/experience 表现出自信心等:project one's confidence/feeling/image 生活充满不公正的地方:life is full of minor irritation/injustice 追求学习/职业:pursue one's academic interest/professional career 学习知识/技术:pursue/acquire knowledge/technology/skill 被看作学习的……榜样:be held up as a good example 交流经验/知识:share experience/ideas/problems/knowledge 发挥/起到重要作用:play an (important/active/great) role/part 逃学/缺课:skip school/a class/a meeting/a lecture 知识/经验丰富:rich in knowledge/experience 确立/追求目标:set/pursue a goal/higher standard 到达目标:achieve/accomplish/stain the goal/aim/objective 克服困难:overcome obstacles/difficulty 面临危险/困难:be confronted/faced with/in the face of danger/difficulty 阻碍了成功:stand in the way of success, be an obstacle/barrier to success/growth 阻碍了发展:hamper/impede/stunt the development of 持传统的看法:hold conventional wisdom 发表看法:voice/express one's opinion 持相反/合理的观点:take the opposite/fresh view 揭穿某种一贯的说法:shatter the myth of 求得帮助:enlist one's support/help 缩小差别:bridge/narrow/fill the gap/gulf (between city and country) 把成功/错误归咎于:attribute/own the success/failure to 对……重要:be indispensable/important/vital to 施加压力:put/exert a academic pressure on 重视:assign/attach much importance/significance to 强调:place/put much emphasis/stress/value on 把注意力集中在:focus/concentrate one's attention/efforts/thoughts upon 提供机会/信息:provide/offer/furnish an opportunity/information for sb. 抓住机会:grab/seize/take the opportunity 得到机会:enjoy/gain access to a opportunity/information

有可能:there is (little/much) possibility/likelihood that, chances/the odds are that 展开竞争:compete against/with sb. for the prize/position/control/the mastery of 开 展 运 动 : conduct(carryon/undertake/initiate/launch/wage) a (vigorous/nation-wide/publicity/advertising) campaign (for/against) 对我很有/没有什么意义:make much/little sense to me 带来无穷的幸福/满足:be a source of happiness satisfaction/contentment/pride/complaint 献身于:devote/dedicate/commit oneself to a cause/career 大不(没什么)两样:make much(little/no) difference 真正重要的是:what really matters/accounts is … 改变生活旅程:change/alter the course of life 建立在大量的学习/实践上:built on tremendous amount of study/practice 进行调查/执行任务:conduct/carry out an study/task/experiment 辞去工作/学习:leave/quit one's job/work/school 参加考试/竞赛等:enter (for) the examination/contest, race 参加活动/讨论:take part/participate/be engaged in sports/activities/discussion 影响思想/态度/事件的形成:shape one's thinking/attitude 进入大学/社会/家庭/劳力市场/职业:enter a school/college/society/the work force/professionals 实现自己的理想/愿望:realize/fulfill/achieve one's dream(hops/wish/desire) 减轻压力/紧张:reduce/alleviate/relieve the stress/pressure/tension 提高社会地位:enhance/improve/upgrade social status/position/standing rise to the position of leadership 提高技术/能力:sharpen (increase/improve/enhance/boost) one's skill/ability 加快/促进发展:accelerate/facilitate/advance/enhance/boost the development of 随着生活节奏的加快:with the quickening pace/rhythm/tempo of modern life/society 开阔眼界/兴趣:broaden one's interest/outlook, expand(broaden/enlarge) one's mental horizons 有助于了解/发展/宣传/解决:contribute much/little/greatly/to a better understanding of/the popularity of/the growth of/the solution of 有助于解决问题:go a long way to(towards) solving the problem 迷恋名利/分数:be obsessed/preoccupied with grades/fame/fortune 把时间花/浪费在:spend/waste time doing sth., put in hours doing sth. 利 用 机 会 / 技 术 : make (full/better) use of/take advantage of opportunity/time, tap/harness technology potential/skills/talent 把知识/经验运用到…:apply/put the theory/knowledge/experience… to practice/daily life/good use 取得进步:make much progress/strides/gains in 充分发挥潜力/能力:develop one's ability/potential to the full, give full play to one's ability 充满激情/渴望:have a burning desire/a great passion for 一些 a range of ; a variety of ; a series of ; an array of 无数 innumerable ; countless 许多 plenty of ; many ; much ; a great deal of ; a lot of ; ample 非常多(大)的 tremendous 依序列举 list in sequence 时间词 过时的 outdated ; antiquated ; outmoded ; obsolete ; anachronistic 短暂的 ephemeral ; transitory ; transient ; short-lived 不合时宜的 anachronism 可持久的 durable ; last a long time 一再 time after time ; again and again 初始的 preliminary 前述的 aforementioned ; aforesaid ; former

自古到今 from ancient times to the present day ; down through the ages 年轻人 young people ; youngster ; youth ; young adult 老式的 old-fashioned ; out of date ; dated 偶尔 from time to time ; now and then ; once in a while ; at times 时常 often ; frequently ; repeatedly 永远的 eternal ; perpetual ; lasting throughout life 重整办事优先顺序 reshape priorities 目前 so far ; by far 一次就可完成的事 one-time event 正/反意见(opinion) 骂 yell at ; reprimand ; chide ; scold ; reprove 支持 support ; endorse ; back up ; uphold 谴责 condemn ; express strong disapproval of 错的 mistaken ; erroneous ; wrong incorrect 错事 wrongdoing ; had acts ; misbehavior 做相反的 do the reverse of ; do the opposite 归咎 blame…on ; put the blame on … ; …is to blame 瓦解 disintegrate ; break up ; separate into small parts 支持某一方 in favor of ; on the side of 不会犯错的 infallible 意见不和 clashes of opinion 一致的 unanimous ; in complete agreement 不恰当 inappropriate ; improper ; unsuitable ; inadequate 批判 criticize ; blame; find fault with ; make judgments of the merits and faults of… 我们想念…we are convinced that…; we are certain that.. 我愿意 I incline to; I am inclined to; I am willing to; I tend to 有用的 useful ; of use; serviceable; good for; instrumental; productive 有意义的 meaningful; fulfilling 他们不愿承认这一点 they have always been reluctant to admit this… 在大家同意下 by common consent of… 否定 deny; withhold; negate 承认 admit; acknowledge; confess; concede 于事无补 of no help; of no avail; no use 使…受益 benefit…; do good to…; is good for…; is of great benefit to… 想法 frame of mind; mind set; the way one is thinking 想出 come up with 找出 come up with; find out 利用 use; take advantage of 夸耀 brag about; boast about; show off; speak too highly of 照顾 take care of; take charge of; attend to; watch over 对…很了解 have a deep knowledge of… 对抗权威 stand up against authority; resisit boldly the authority 对…有信心 have confidence in 说清楚 articulate; verbalize; put in words; utter 接受…之美意 embrace the offer of… 累积 amass; accumulate; heap up; assemble 连系 tact; get in touch with; contact with 排除这可能性 rule out the possibility 等于 is equivalent to; equal 选择 choose; elect; opt for; pick; single out 发出 deliver; give out; hand over

绕路 detour; take a detour; take a roundabout way 禁止进入 is kept out; is barred from 小看 make little of 坏了 out of order; on the blink; is not working 分别 distinguish between; make a distinction between; tell…from 依靠 count on; depend on 忽视 neglect; give too little care to 存在 come to be; come into existence; come to birth; come into being 考虑 consider; take into consideration; take into account 考虑到 in consideration of 用尽力气 exhaust one’s strength; use up one’s strength 开动 initiate; set going 准备…brace for; prepare for 在于 lie in; rest on; rest with 主动 take the initiative 不算 exclusive of; not counting; leaving out 应该得到 deserve; have right to; is worthy of 避免 avoid; shun; get around; circumvent 幻想 fantasy; play of the mind 以此标准来算 by this criterion; by this standard 乍看之下 at first glance 面对 in the face of; in the presence of 以 by means of; by virtue of; by the use of 不惜代价 at all costs 每况愈下 from bad to worse 承受错误造成的后果 in reaping the harvest of his mistakes 取得同意…get the go-ahead to 不择手段 unscrupulously; by hook or by crook 想法与作法 beliefs and practices 内情 ins and outs; turns and twists 关键时刻 the critical moment 虽然 although; notwithstanding; albeit; though 根据 according to; on the basis of; on the ground of (that); in the light of; in line with; in accordance with 逃避问题 evade the question 增大 enlarge; extend; aggrandize 澄清 clarify; make clear 赔偿 compensate for; give…as compensation for 实现 carry out; implement; realize; make…come true 假定 suppose; assume; postulate; hypothesize 极端的 radical; extreme 极端的措施 drastic measures 剩下的 the rest; the remainder; what is left 换言之 in other words; put another way 结果 result; aftermath; consequence 优点 advantage; strength; strong point; merit; benefit 简言之 put simply; in short; in brief; in a nutshell 举例而言 for instance; for example; to illustrate; let us cite 特别是 an illustration; to cite a concrete case 特别是 especially; more than others; particularly; in particular 既然…now that…; seeing that… 迹象 inkling; hint; clue; a slight suggestion 缺点 disadvantage; demerit; shortcoming; drawback; weakness

除去 do away with; eliminate; remove; get rid of 缺少 for lack of; for a deficiency of 毕竟 after all; all in all 范围 scope; field; realm 潜力 potential; 行为 conduct; behavior; doings 隔绝 isolate; insulate 分辨出 identify; recognize 不易懂的 elusive; hard to understand 展开 unfold 回馈 feedback 主导的人物 a dominant figure; a controlling man; the most influential person 观点 viewpoint; point of view; perspective; standpoint 正在进行中 is underway 只是一种姿态 is merely a gesture 立场 position; stand; stance 意向 inclination; leaning; intention 特权 privilege; a special right 来自 stem from; come from 一件事的不同说法 alternative statements of fact 好奇心 the eager desire to know; curiosity 尊敬 respect; esteem; think highly of 顽固的 headstrong; obstinate; stubborn 暗淡的 gloomy; dark; dim 巨大的 huge; gigantic; colossal; vast; enormous; tremendous 探索 explore; fathom 执行 carry out; execute; do 现代 modern times; modern age; contemporary age 偏见 prejudice; bias; partiality; predilection 混乱 chaos; commotion; confusion; disturbance; tumult 无弹性(僵硬)rigid 无缺点的 flawless; airtight 无药可救 incurable 无法避免的 unavoidable; inevitable 细密的计划 elaborate plan 取消 cancel; annul; abolish 解药 a cure for…; a remedy for; 谜 puzzle; riddle; enigma 机会平等 equality of opportunity 较有影响力的国家 a predominant country 遵守 abide by; conform to; observe; comply with 热情的 passionate; ardent; zealous 模糊的 ambiguous; vague; obscure 影响长远的 far-reaching 失望 despair; loss of hope; without hope 幼稚 childish; childlike; na?e 挑剔的 picky; choosy; fastidious 破坏 destroy; ruin; break to pieces; devasate 技巧的 skillful; adept; dexterous 警觉的 alert; watchful; on guard; wary of 忍受 bear; put up with; endure; stand

证据 evidence; facts; proof; grounds; testimony 很容易地 easily; with little problem; with little hindrance 令人惊讶的 amazing; astonishing; astounding 生动的报导 vivid description 争取 compete for; try hard to win 遗产 heritage; legacy; inheritance 保护 protect; safeguard; preserve; shelter 了解 understand; comprehend; catch the meaning of; catch on 汇露 reveal; make known; disclose 放大 amplify; magnify; enlarge 动力 impetus; driving force; momentum 自满的 complacent 第一流的 first-rate; excellent 安全处 refuge; asylum; haven; sanctuary 强调 emphasize; stress; highlight 短视的决定 short-sighted decision 真正的 genuine; authentic; real 怪异的 eccentric; peculiar; odd 明显的 distinct; clear; explicit; obvious 得到…的注意 capture one’s attention 事事干涉的 meddlesome; interfering 背景 setting; background 假的 fake; false; counterfeit 退步 setback 古人 the ancients 古老的 old; ancient; archaeic 逃犯 infringe (on); violate 使害怕 intimidate; frighten 带来生气 enliven 对手 rival 吸引人的 intriguing 旁观者 onlooker 准确地说 to be exact; to be precise; precisely 突然醒悟 it dawned on me that 仔细思考之后 after long deliberation; after careful thought 对比及其相关用词 可互换的 interchangeable 可与…相比 is comparable with (to) 普遍的 prevailing; common; prevalent 是一个对比 is a sharp contrast to 比作 is likened to; is compared to 多样化的 heterogeneous 单一性的 homogeneous 一般而言 in general; generally speaking; by and large 满于现状 be happy with what you are 预测未来 project into the future 另一个观点是… looking at the matter is… 不宜取笑… it is not decent to make fun of… 评估社会文化因素 assess (evaluate) sociocultural factors 那并非说… that does not mean that… 那有这回事 there is no such thing as

一个有待克服的困难是… a major hurdle for us to overcome is… 由…造成 caused by; attributable to; due to; resulting from 由…组成 is made up of…; is comprised of; consist 必须问题 this problem needs to be considered on two dimensions: 限制 limit; restrict; refrain; restrain; keep within limits; confine; keep in check 一般人认为… conventional wisdom suggests that… 这方法有陷阱 the method had pitfalls: 说服 convince; persuade; cause to believe 具体的 specific; concrete; tangible 刻意的 intentional; on purpose; intended 费时间去了解…take time to acquaint oneself with… …是此问题的核心 …is at the 无法估计 is beyond calculation; incalculable 无资格的 disqualified


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