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《导学案》2015版高中英语(人教版必修3)教师用书:Unit 5 Period 2 Language Study 讲义


Period 2

Language Study

1.理解并能够自主运用重要语言点,如 surround, rather than, settle down 等的用法。 2.积累语言学习的技巧,形成适合自己的语言学习策略。

1.在具体语境中掌握词汇的基本含义、词性及用法。 2.通过运用重点单词和短语,巩固语言点的学习



1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 重点单词 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 1. 2. 3. 重点短语 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

n. 大臣;部长 n. 大陆 adv. 向东 v. 包围 n.海港 adv. 极端地;非常地 vt.&vi. 定居;解决;平静下来 prep.在……之内 n.边界 v.与……接壤;接近 n.测验;问答;比赛 vi. &n. 聊天;闲聊 n. 景色 vi. & vt. 测量;衡量;判定 n. 计量制;计量单位;措施 prep. & adv. 在船、飞机、火车或公共汽车上 adj. 轻微的;微小的 去旅行 而不是 还有 经历 远到 被……包围 定居 对……有天赋 自我核对

重点单词: 1.minister 2.continent 3.eastward 8.within 4.surround 5.harbor 10.quiz 15.slight 14.aboard 6.extremely 7.settle 重点短语: 9.border

11.chat 12.scenery 13.measure

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1.be / go on a trip

2.rather than

3.as well as 7.settle down

4.go through 8.have a gift for

5.as far as 6.be surrounded by

选词填空 quiz; continent; chat; eastward; surround; measure; rather than; settle down; in the distance; manage to do 1.He travelled the whole 2.Simple pleasures 3.I, 4.So take this 5.How did you of Africa from east to west. us on our walk through life. you, should do the work. to find out if you will get promoted. it without a mistake? with me online. . the planes. ? 4.quiz 10.in the distance 7.eastward 8.measure 9.settle down

6.If you had nothing to do, you could 7.The boy went out of school and wandered 8.And, of course, it depends on how you 9.To 10.What do you hear 5.manage to do 6.chat

in one place requires a reliable food supply. 【答案】1.continent 2.surround 3.rather than

1.scenery

阅读下列句子,注意 scenery 的意思及用法。 Sometimes they just drive slowly down the lane enjoying the scenery. 有时他们只是沿着小路慢慢地开车,欣赏两 旁的风景。 The scenery for the play must have cost much.那出戏的舞台背景一定费了很多钱。 通过观察以上句子,我们发现 scenery 作(1) 【答案】(1)名 (2)风景;舞台布景 词,意思是“(2) ”。

scene, scenery, sight 和 view 的用法辨析: scene 指展现在眼前的情景,场景大多包括景物中的人及活动在内,也可指戏剧、电影、小说等场景、布景。 scenery 总指某地的自然风光,尤指美丽的乡间景色。 sight 则既可以指眼前看到的景观,意为“视力;眼界”,又可以指名胜、风景,只是在表示后者时,必须要用复数。 view 常指从远处或高处看到的 scenery 的一部分。

单项填空 (1)From the top of the building, you can get a full A.sight B.view C.scene D.scenery of the city.

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【答案与解析】B 该处是指从远处或高处看到的景色,故用 view。 (2)Seeing the happy country. A.sight 征兆”。 (3)When my father returned from his trip to Jiuzhaigou , he said the beautiful expression. A.view B.sight C.scene D.scenery within minutes of the crash. C.scene D.scenery 【答案与解析】D 该处是指大自然的美景,故用 scenery。 (4)Journalists were on the A.view 2.surround B.sight there was beyond B.scene C.view D.sign 【答案与解析】B sight“视力;视觉;眼界”;scene “现场;场面;情景”;view “景色;风景;观点”;sign“标记;迹象; of children playing in the park,I m full of joy and confidence in the future of our

【答案与解析】C 该处是指碰撞所发生的现场,包括景物中的人及其活动,故选 scene。

阅读下列句子,注意 surround 的意思及用法。 The original builders surrounded the city by a wall. 最初的建设者们在该城的周围修起了城墙。 The city is surrounded on all sides by hills. 这个城市被群山环绕。 通过观察以上句子,我们发现 surround 是(1) 【答案】(1)动 (2)包围;围绕 词,意思是“(2) ”。

surrounding adj. 附近的;周围的 surroundings n. 环境;周围的事物 surround ...with ... 用……包围…… be surrounded by / with 被……包围

surroundings, condition 和 environment 之间的区别: surroundings 意为“环境”时,要用复数形式,主要指周围的物质环境。 condition 的复数形式 conditions 可表示“环境;情况”,但主要表示抽象意义上的。 environment 意为“环境”时,既可表示抽象概念,也可表示具体意义,包括周围环境、 外界、 自然环境和社会环境 等。

单项填空 by the police, the thief had no choice but to surrender (投降). A.Surrounded C.To be surrounded 3.measure B.Having surrounded D.Surrounding

【答案与解析】A be surrounded by“被……包围”。句子主语 the thief 与 surround 为被动关系。

阅读下列句子,注意 measure 的意思及用法。 The room measures 25 feet across.这个房间宽 25 英尺。

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How can we measure the heat of a man s body? 我们怎样才能测出人体的热度呢? An hour is a measure of time.小时是计时单位。 The government was urged to take measures to prevent the spread of AIDS.人们敦促政府采取措施以防止艾滋病 的传播。 通过观察以上句子,我们发现 measure 既可以作(1) (3) 动词,意思是“(4) ”。 (3)不及物 (4)量起来…… 【答案】(1)动 (5)及物 (6)测量 (2)名 ”;也可作(5) 以作名词,意思是“(7) (7)计量单位;措施 词,也可作(2) 词;作动词时,既可作 ”;还可 动词,意思是“(6)

take sb s / sth s measure=take the measure of sb / sth 给某人/某物量尺寸 to one s measure 按照某人的尺寸 take measures to do sth 采取措施干某事

单项填空 (1)—The tree is so tall. —Yes. It A.measures nearly 20 meters. B.is measured

C.measure D.to be measured 【答案与解析】A measure 表示“量起来如何”,用作不及物动词,无被动式。 (2)Last month an earthquake A.measured C.to be measured 所以用 measuring。 (3)The president said that the government would take tough A.ways B.measures C.methods D.means 【答案与解析】B take measures to do sth 为固定短语,意为“采取措施干某事”。句意:总统说政府要采取强 硬措施来解决这个问题。 (4)All the measures we have A.put C.taken B.made D.acted against the price rising have proved completely right. to solve the problem. B.to measure D.measuring six on Richter scale happened in the northern part of Indonesia.

【答案与解析】D 此处 measure 用作不及物动词,无被动式,意思是“(体积、长度、容积等)量起来是……”,

【答案与解析】C 句意:我们采取的所有阻止物价上涨的措施被证明是完全正确的。此句中“we have against the price rising”是个定语从句,修饰先行词 measures,且引导词在定语从句中充当宾语,take 与 measures 构 成固定搭配,意为“采取措施”。

1.rather than

阅读下列句子,注意 rather than 的意思及用法。 Rather than allow the vegetables to go bad, he sold them at half price. 与其让蔬菜烂掉,他不如半价把它们卖掉。 We ll have the meeting in the classroom rather than in the auditorium. 我们与其在礼堂里开会, 不如在教室开。 通过观察以上句子,我们发现 rather than 的意思是“ -4”。

【答案】与其……不如……

rather than 表示客观事实,它连接的并列成分可以是名词、代词、形容词、介词(短语)、动名词、分句、不定 式、动词等。后接不定式时,不定式可以带 to,也可以不带 to。但 rather than 位于句首时,只能接不带 to 的不 定式。 do A rather than do B = rather than do B, sb do A 某人不做 B 却做 A A rather than B 是 A 而不是 B,作主语时,谓语动词的单复数形式由 A 决定 would rather do A than do B = would do A rather than do B 宁可做 A 而不做 B prefer to do A rather than do B 更喜欢做 A 而不做 B would rather sb did / had done sth 宁愿某人做(了)某事

单项填空 go straight on to university why not get some work experience first ? A.Rather than C.As soon as than。 2.settle down B.More than D.As well as

【答案与解析】A 根据句意“为什么不先去获得一些工作经验而是直接去上大学呢?”可知应该用 rather

阅读下列句子,注意 settle down 的意思及用法。 The organization aims to settle newcomers down in the city. 该组织旨在帮助新来的人在这座城市安家落户。 Has that noisy class settled down yet? 那个吵闹的班安静下来了吗? He settled down to his studies after he came back. 他回来以后就安下心来学习。 When are you going to marry and settle down? 你什么时候结婚过上安定的生活? 通过观察以上句子,我们发现 settle down 的意思是“ 【答案】定居;平静下来;专心于 ”。

settle down to doing sth 安下心来做某事 settle (down) in 在……定居下来

单项填空 New water wells encouraged people A.to be settled down C.to be settling down B.to settle down D.to live down near the wells.

【答案与解析】B encourage sb to do sth“鼓励某人做某事”;settle down“定居”。

选词填空 have a gift for; settle down; within; slightly; baggage;

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aboard; surround; manage; scenery; urban 1.She sat in an armchair, 2.They d like to see their son 3.He 5.Let the cookies cool 6.He 7.Passengers must check their 8.We passed through some beautiful 9.They were the last two to go 【答案】1.surrounded 8.scenery 9.aboard 2.settle down 4.He was bitten by a snake. by her 10 dogs. , get married, and have children. three hours he was dead. before removing them from the baking sheet. to organize a live concert, which made us happy. before boarding the plane. on our journey through the Lake District. the ship. areas. 5.slightly 6.managed 7.baggage 3.has a gift for 4.Within forming lasting friendships.

10.In some developing countries more and more people are migrating to 10.urban

●温馨贴士 本课时为语言学习课,主要学习重点单词和短语,知识结构图解如下:

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