that /× 1. This is the best hotel in the city _______ I know.
2. Your teacher of Chinese is a young lady
____ comes from Beijing. who 3. Is there anything else _______ you wa
nt? that /× 4. What’s the name of the man ______ car whose
5. All the apples ____ fall are eaten by that
wild boars. 6. Can you think of anyone ____ could who look after him? 7. Is that the house _________ you which /× bought last year? 8. He showed a machine ______ parts are whose too small to be seen.
定义： 修饰限定名词或代词的句子就叫 做定语从句。
引导定语从句的关系词有： 关系代词： who, whom, whose, which, that
1. 关系副词 where
This is the factory.
I worked in the factory ten years ago.
This is the factory where I worked
ten years ago.
The school is near a park. My son studies in this school.
The school where my son studies is near a park.
This is the factory where I worked ten years ago. in which
The school where my son studies is near a park. in which
where 引导的定语从句修饰表示地点 的名词, 并在定语从句中作 _________, 地点状语 相当于“介词 +关系代词 (which)”。 _________
They’ll never forget July 1. Hong Kong returned to its motherland on July 1.
They’ll never forget July 1 when Hong Kong returned to its motherland.
The days are gone forever.
We lived together happily during those days.
The days when we lived together happily
are gone forever.
They’ll never forget July 1 when Hong Kong returned to its motherland. on which The days when we lived together happily are gone forever. during which when 引导的定语从句修饰表示时间的 名词, 在定语从句中作 _________, 相当 时间状语 于“介词+关系代词 (which)”。 _________
There are many reasons.
People like traveling for many reasons.
There are many reasons why people like traveling. for which
why 引导的定语从句修饰先行词 reason, 在从句中作原因状语, 相当 于“for + which”。
The relative adverb when ( = at/ in/ on/… + which) where ( = in/ at/… + which) why ( = for + which)
Referring to time
Function in the clause adverbial of time adverbial of place adverbial of reason
The mines The reason
why I got a job where I worked
when I joined the ANC Youth League The building where we voted The date when I arrived
was the 5th of August. was because of my hard work. were 9 km from my home. was late at night. was very tall.
1. Beijing is the place _______________ I where (in which) was born. 2. Is this the reason ______________ he why (for which) n. 场合；时机 refused our offer? … occasion: on 3. I will never forget the day _________ when (on 在 …… 时刻/场合 ______ I first met you on the seashore. which) 4. There are occasions ______________ occasions when (on which) on one must yield.
a. This is the place where he works.
This is the place which / that we visited last
year. 选择定语从句的关系词一定要看先行词 b. That was the day when he arrived. 在从句中所做成分。当先行词在从句中 Do you still remember the day_____。当 that/which 作状语，则选择相应的关系 副词 we spent together? 先行词在从句中作主语, 宾语或表语, 则 选择相应的关系 _____。 c. This is the reason why he left. 代词
The reason that/which he gave us was quite reasonable.
when/in which 1. I’ll never forget the days _____________
we worked (vi.) together.
2. I’ll never forget the days which we spent _____ (vt.) together. 3. I went to the company _______________ where / in which I worked (vi.) ten years ago.
4. I went to the company ______ I visited which (vt.) ten years ago. 5. This is the reason ______________ he why/ for which was late. 6. This is the reason __________ he gave. that/which (vt.)
关系代词在定语从句中做介词宾语时, 从 句常由介词 + 关系代词引导。
介词 + 关系代词引导定语从句时, 1. I will give you关系代词只能为which。 如先行词是物, the book (that/which) you asked for. = I will give you the book for which you asked. 介词 + 关系代词引导定语从句时, 2. We met the man (whom/that/who) we 如先行词是人, 关系代词只能为whom。 talked about. = We met the man about whom we talked.
He is the man ___ whom you can believe. in
He gave me some books _____ which I am with not very familiar.
This is our classroom, ______________ in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk.
像 listen to, look at, depend on, pay attention to, take care of 等固定短语动词, 在定语从句中一般不宜将介词与动词分开。 This is the boy whom she has taken care of.
1. This is the rock ___________ the boy fell from which down into the sea. 2. The film star ___________ we talked a lot about whom yesterday will give us a speech tomorrow. 3. The West Lake _________ Hangzhou is for which famous in the world will be more beautiful. 4. The subject ________ Xiao Wang is good at which is physics.
5. The reason _________ he could not go for which
there was that his grades was too low. with whom 6. The professor __________ Mr. Smith shook hands yesterday has made new
discoveries in science.
on which 7. Could you tell me the day ________ you arrived? 8. I will treasure the days ________ I lived in which here.
1. The person with whom ______ (我和他 I lived 住在一起) was a good friend of mine. 2. The house in which ____________ (我居 I was staying 住的) was far away from my work. 3. The company for which _________ (我 I worked 工作的) was founded five years ago.
4. The address to which _______________ my letters were
____ (我的信件被发送到的) was in South sent
I did research 5. The team for which _____________ (我为 之做研究的) is the best in China. 6. The scientist from whom ________ (我向 I learned 他学习的) never lost heart when he was in trouble.
1. The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life. 2. However, this was a time when one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg. 3. The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest.
1. The school where I studied for only
two years was three kilometers away.
2. Today we have reached a stage where
we have almost no rights at all.
3. The places outside the towns where
they were sent to live were the poorest
parts of South Africa.
1. He was generous with his time, for which
I was grateful.
2. The parts of town in which they had to
live were decided by white people.
3. We were put into a position in which we
had either to accept we were less
important, or fight the government.
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