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成型工艺流程及条件介绍(注塑技术英语大全)


成型工艺流程及条件介绍(注塑技术英语大全)

成型工艺流程及条件介绍 Molding technique procedure and parameter introduction 第一節 成型工艺 Section 1 molding technique. 1.成型工艺参数类型 Sorts of molding parameter. (1).注塑参数 Injec

tion parameter. a.注射量 Injection rate. b.计量行程 Screw back position c.余料量 Cushion d.防诞量 Sucking back rate e.螺杆转速 Screw speed f.塑化量 Plastic0 rate g.预塑背压 Screw back pressure

h.注射压力和保压压力 Injection pressure and holding pressure i.注射速度 Injection speed (2)合模参数 Clamping parameter a.合模力 Clamping force b.合模速度 Clamping speed c.合模行程. Clamping stroke d.开模力 Opening force e.开模速度 Opening speed f.开模行程 Opening position g.顶出压力 Ejector advance pressure h.顶出速度 Ejector advance speed i.顶出行程 Ejector advance position

2.温控参数 Temperature parameter a.烘料温度 Dry resin material temperature b.料向与喷嘴温度 Cylinder temperature and nozzle temperature c.模具温度 Mold temperature d.油温 Oil temperature 3.成型周期 Molding cycle a.循环周期 Cycle time b.冷却时间 Cool time c.注射时间 Injection time d.保压时间 Holding pressure time e.塑化时间 Plant time f.顶出及停留时间 Knocking out and delay time

g.低压保护时间 Mold protect time 成型工艺参数的设定须根据产品的不同设置. Molding technique parameter setting differs depending on type of product 第二节成型条件设定 Section 2 Molding parameter Setting 按成型步骤:可分为开锁模,加热,射出,顶出四个过程. Molding steps: mold opening/closing, heating injection and knocking out. 开锁模条件: Mold opening parameter: 快速段中速度 低压高压速度 High-speedmid-speed Low pressure high pressure speed 锁模条件设定: Mold closing parameter setting 1 锁模一般分:快速→中速→低压→高压 Mold closing: high-speed →low-speed →low pressure→high pressure 2.快锁模一般按模具情况分,如果是平面二板模具,快速锁模段可用较快速 度,甚至于用到特快,当用到一般快速时,速度设到 55-75%,完全平面模可设定到 80-90%,如果用到特快就只能设定在 45-55%,压力则可设定于 50-75%,位置段视 产品的深浅(或长短)不同,一般是开模宽度的 1/3. In high-speed section, Mold closing speed depends on type of mold. For two –plate mold it can set quick and even especially quick usually, it set speed within 55-75%. For full-plate mold it set speed within80-90% while using especially high speed it set speed within 45-55% and pressure

within 50-75% position distance setting differs depending on the volume of product and usually it can be set 1/3 of mold opening position. 3.中速段,在快速段结束后即转换成中速,中速的位置一般是到模板(包括 三板模,二板模)合在一块为止,具体长度应视模板板间隔,速度一般设置在 30%-50%间,压力则是 20%-45%间. In mid-speed section: Mold closing speed changes into mid-speed after high-speed section finish. Mid-speed start position is where two plates meet (include three-plate mold and two-plate mold ) Distance of mid-speed is up to distance of two plates plate it speed within 30-50% and pressure 20-45%. 4.低压设定,低速设定一般是在模板接触的一瞬间,具体位置就设在机台 显示屏显示的一瞬间的数字为准,这个数字一般是以这点为标准,,即于此点则起 不了高压,高于此点则大,轻易起高压.设定的速度一般是 15%-25%,视乎不同机 种而定,压力一般设定于 1-2%,有些机则可设于 5-15%,也是视乎不同机种不同. Low-pressure section: Mold closing sets low-pressure when plates meeting. This position is set to the data of machine screen on this time. This point is the gage of the data. Data lower the point there is no high-pressure. Data higher the point there is high-pressure easily. It set speed within 15-25% and pressure within 1-2% depending on type within 1-2% depending on type of injection molding machine. 5.高压设定,按一般机台而言,高压位置机台在出厂时都已作了设定,相对 来讲,是不可以随便更改的,比如震雄机在 50P.速度相对低压略高,大约在 30-35%左右,而压力则视乎模具而定,可在 55-85%中取,比如完全平面之新模,模 具排气良好,甚至于设在 55%即可,如果是滑块较多,原来生产时毛边也较多,甚 至于可设在 90%还略显不足. High-pressure section: To normal injection molding machine, high-pressure position had been set before they were sent to customer. It can not be modified. For example high-pressure position of CHENHSONG machine is 50P.The speed of high-pressure section is about 30-35% and higher than that of low-pressure. The pressure is up to mold, it can set within 55-85% For full-plate mold, it’s eject air well, it can set pressure 55% .If mold has a lot of slides and flash rate high in production, pressure can set 90%. 加热工艺条件设定 Heating technique parameter setting

1.加热段温度设定必须按照产品所使用的原料的不同而不同,但却必须遵 循一个这样的规则,即由射口筒到进科段温度是逐步递减的.且递减温度是以 10. 度为单位. The proper temperature setting differs depending on type of resin material, but it must be abide by a rule that temperature setting should diminish in step 10.C from nozzle to feeding resin material position. 2 特殊情况下.如料头抽丝,则射口筒温度应降低,如果是比较特殊的原料 冷凝比较快的.则射口筒温度则不止比第二节法兰温度高 10 度.比如 PPS.尼龙 等. Nozzle temperature setting should low if product line. If resin material such as PPS, PA, cool very soon , Nozzle temperature should higher more 10.C than the second cylinder temperature. 3.机台马达启动温度视乎机台不同而不同,一般出于对机台油路中的油封 保护需要,油温最好能控制在 40 度-60 度,以免油封长期高压而变化,缩短使用寿 命,造成成型不稳定. Pump turning on temperature is different depending on type of injection molding machine. To protect oil seal of machine it set oil temperature within 40.C-60.C, If oil seal work on condition that high pressure and damaged It’s work time will be shorter, it can cause molding stable. 第三节注射及熔胶(加料)工艺条件设定 Injection and plastic Technique parameter setting 一.注射 Injection 第四节常见塑料原料的有关温度值. 原料 Resin 名称 Name 熔点℃ Melt’s 成型温度℃ Molding Temperature(’c)分解温度℃

Decomposing Temperature(‘C)模具温度℃ Mold Temperature(‘c)干燥温度℃ Resin dry temperature(‘c) 注射是把塑料原料经加热后射进模腔的过程,它一般可分为第一级,第二 级,第三级,第四级及保压几段: Injection is a step which inject melt resin material into mold. It consists of stepl,step2 ,step3,step4 and holding pressure step: 1.第一级注射一般是注射料头段.具注射量一般可根据料头的轻重来估计 其行程,当然也可以依据公式来计算,如公式: Step l injects usually tunnel material, Injection Volume can be estimated according to the weight of course it can be calculated by formula: L=Si=Vi/0.785Ds2 L:注射行程; Si:注射行程; L: injection stroke Si: injection stroke Vi:理论注射容积; Ds:螺杆直径; Vi: injection volume of theoretical Ds: diameter of screw 0.785:是 Ω/4 的值. 0. 785: value ofΩ/4. 当然,如果我们在成型时每设定一个参数都要计算一次,要成型出一个产 品就要几个小时才能完成了. But it cost a lot of time to produce one product if every time molding parameter is setting by calculation. 2.第二级是注塑产品约 2/3 的阶段,当然,根据产品特殊需要,也允许成型 不到 2/3 阶段,比如避免结合线问题,这一阶段的成型速度及压力一般是整个成 型段的最大值段,如果排的产品与机台基本是相吻合的.模具结构合理,排气良好, 这一段的压力一般也不会超过 80%.速度侧视产品需变,可能大到 95%也可,自然 一般都是在 55%-80%间.

Step 2 inject 2/3 of product. It can lower 2/3 of product according to requirement of product. For example to prevent weld line. Molding speed and pressure on this step is the maximum of whole molding section. If Mold suit the injection molding machine and mold structure reasonable and eject air well, pressure of this step should lower 80%. Molding speed setting within 55-80% but it may setting 95% for especial product. 3.第三段是注射余下的 1/3 段,其速度和压力根据产品的需要,一般是小 于第二段,速度和压力存在于一个往下降的过程.主要是为了防止产品毛边的产 生,但同时又必须把产品充填饱满. Step3 inject remain 1/3 of product. According to product molding speed and pressure lower than that of step2 To prevent flash speed and pressure should decrease but it can’t shot short. 4.第四段:一般有机台还有第五,第六段,这段的成型速度和压力相同前, 都存在两段一个递减过程.其作用都是起到一个再次充满的作用. Step4 section: Some injection machines have step5,step6 which are same as former molding speed and pressure this step should diminish and inject once more. 5.保压段:不论成型什么产品,都存在一个保压过程.任何产品都不同程度 的存在一个厚薄不一的问题,正常情况下,较厚的部分都可能存在一个收缩凹陷 的现象,为了解决这种现象,就应应用到保压,保压一般来讲都应用较慢的射速, 而压力的设置则应看缩水的情况如何,小到 25%,大到 80%都有可能. Holding pressure step: No matter what product there is a holding pressure step. Any product can’t molding a same thickness. Usually the deeper section may sink mark . To prevent this defect it should set holding pressure, The injection speed of holding pressure step is slow but holding pressure setting within 25-80% depending on sink mark. 二.熔胶段工艺 Plastic Technique 1.再复杂的熔胶旋转过程最多不会超过三段,因为熔胶本身就是存在于把 胶熔进料筒的过程,如果原料粘度大,熔胶压力则大,但速度则应取决于原料的分 解温度,熔胶速度越快,原料中的剪切力则会越大,料管温度则越高,局部原料产 生分解的可能性则会越大,故一般熔胶会采用中速为宜,如 45%-75%,熔胶同时会 碰到一个比较重要的环节,那就是背压的使用,产品精度要求越大,背压的使用则 更大,背压可使原料分子间结构更紧密,成型出的产品则尺寸更稳定,外观越好. 当然,背压太大,则会产生流涎,所以背压的使用又应考虙到其它原因.

Plastic should lower 3 steps, because plastic is a step to add melt resin material to cyclinder , Higher stick of resin material ,higher screw back pressure. Screw speed differs depending on decomposing temperature of resin material ,Higher screw speed ,Higher trim force of resin, higher cyclinder temperature. Some resin material may decomposes so it set screw speed in mid-speed such as 45-75%, In plastic step setting screw back pressure is very important, Higher screw back pressure ,higher quality of product screw back pressure make resin structure order, Molding product is beautiful and volume stable. But ,it maybe flow if screw back pressure too high . So all factors should be considered when using screw back pressure. 2.熔胶过程还有一个比较重要的环节,那就是松退,松退分前松退和后松 退,其作用一般是为了防止流涎和抽丝,设定值速度和压力都在 20%-50%间,设定 的行程一般在 2-5cm 间,太长的行程可能会使料筒里面贮存空气,导致下一模出 现不期望的气泡. In plastic step sucking back is very important too. Sucking back include front sucking back and back sucking back It setting sucking back to prevent flow and line. It sets sucking back speed and pressure within 20-50% and distance within 2-5cm. TOO long distance make cyclinder reserve air and cause bubble at next molding. 顶出的工艺设定 knocking out technique setting 产品经冷却定型后则有一个开模的过程,开模基本上是合模的反过程.开 模的未段则有一个慢速设置,开模完成后,产品必须顶出的过程. There is a mold opening step after product cooling taking shape. Mold opening is a reverse step of mold closing. The last step of mold opening speed set slow. Product should be knocked out after mold opened. 一.顶前: Knocking out 顶前最好分两个阶级,第一阶可分为中压慢速,即是把产品轻轻顶出一部 分,然后是中压中速顶,中压中速一般指的是 35%-55%,而低速则有可能低到 5%, 这需视产品不同而言,顶出行程设定是顶出长度稍比产品垂直深度大 1-2cm 即 可. Knocking out includes two steps, Step1 section setting mid-speed, knocks product out partly step2 section setting mid-pressure and

mid-speed . Depending on different product, mid-pressure and mid-speed sets within 35-55% but low-speed can set 5%. Distance of knocking out longer 1-2cm than the vertical thickness of product. 二.退针 Back 顶退包括两个过程与顶落的过程基本一致,顶退的终点应预留 1-3cm 的空 间,以保护顶针油管不被顶坏. The same as knocking out, ejector back includes 2 steps. To protect the ejector oil jar, it should make a 1-3mm distance in the ending point of ejector back. 三.顶针方式还包括一个多次顶,单次顶及顶针停留的选择,机械手取产品, 脱模顺利的情况都采取多项,为了顶针油缸 寿命的延长,多次顶就以不超过三次 为宜,顶针停留一般用在顶针带着产品退回有可能对增品产生损伤的模具,同时 为配合机械手使用,有时也需要较短的顶针停留. The way of knocking out includes knocking out once, Knocking out repeat and ejector delay. Take product by manipulator or take product easy, it should select knocking out once. To longer the work time of ejector oiljar, times of knocking out lower 3 times. Ejector delay used when product will be damaged if ejector back or suit manipulator. 成型时间的设定 Molding time setting 在保证产品质量的前提下,周期时间是越短越好,周期时间又包括如下几 项:射胶时间,保压时间,熔胶时间,冷却时间,顶出时间,锁模低压时间,甚至乎关 系到时间因素的还有还开模与锁模,及顶出的快慢. Cycle time should shorter on condition that product quality well. Cycle time includes: injection time , holding pressure time, plastic time, cure time, knocking out time and mold protect time. Even mold opening closing sopeed and knocking out speed affect cycle. 1.射胶时间包含保压时间,一般看起来,射胶时间越长,产品越饱和,但我 们在讲求质量时,同时也须考虑产能,更何况,射胶时间过长,有可能会造成产品 过于饱满而寻致粘模顶的变形呎寸偏大等一系列问题,故我们在设置射胶时间时 应综合考虑,尽量在合乎质量要求时缩短射胶时间.

Injection time consists holding pressure time. Longer injection time, fuller product, we should consider production quantity when we suit for quality. If injection time too long, it may cause a series of defects suck as flash strain. So all sorts of factors should be considered, injection time should be shout if quality suit for requirement. 2.熔胶时间的长短取决于熔胶速度设定的快慢,背压设定的大小,但有一 点,熔胶时间控制的长短一定要比冷却时间短. Plastic time depends on plastic speed and screw back pressure, but plastic time must shorter than cure time. 3.冷却时间:冷却时间的长短直接影响到成型的周期,冷却时间越长,成型 时间就越长,造成产能就越低,故我们在设定高压冷却时间时,只要能保证到产品 成型顺利,不会直接影响到变形等问题,设定的时间也是越短越好. Cure time: Cure time affects molding cycle. Longer cure time, longer molding cycle, lower production quantity. So it sets cure time short on condition that product molding succed and can’t deformation.. 4.在大量使用机械手的塑胶公司,我们的顶出时间一般是与机械手配合为 宜,全自动使用机械手时顶出停留时间一般保持 1.5-2 秒,半自动生产,如因顶针 退回会导致产品掉落或卡紧,而取不下产品,停留时间则应保持 5 秒左右. In PCE company, for using manipulator in abundence , knocking out time suits manipulator, Knocking out delay keeps 1.5-2 second when using manipulator full-manipulator, knocking out delay keeps about 5 second when using manipulator semi-manipulator and product will fall or can’t be taken off if ejector back. 5.低压保护时间对保护我们人身安全,模具安全起很大作用,配合好模具 低压位置和低压压力的调整,低压保护的时间应取 1-3 秒,保护时间越短,可能造 成的危害则越小. Low-pressure protect is very important for safety and protect mold, Mold protect time should adjust within 1-3 second suit low pressure and position of mold protect, shorter protect time, make damaged.


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