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高一闸北暑期补习班英语新王牌资料:构词法


高一英语

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高一英语暑期班
构词法
构词法是按照一定的语言规律组成单词的一种方法,有其清晰严谨的结构形式,本身有规律可循。掌 握基本构词法有助于提高词汇记忆效率和效果,尤其在高考英语阅读特别是科普类的文章中可以帮助考生 准确猜测词义,有效提高对文章理解的准确度和选择答案的正确率。 从词的形态结构看,英语

的构词法主要有:合成法,转化法,派生法,混成法,截短法和词首字母缩 略法等。 一、派生法(derivation) 派生法又叫词缀法,即词根前面加前缀或在词根后面加后缀,从而构成一个与原单词意义相近或截然 相反的新词的方法叫派生法。中学英语中以派生法生成的词汇占整个中学词汇总量的 25%。新词的意思由 词根和词缀相联系而来,通过掌握一些常用的高中阶段词缀,能使学生更容易掌握单词记忆方法。 1.关键词根(key roots): 词根是指英语单词的基本要素,是词义的本源。每个词根都代表一定的意思,是决定英语单词意思的 重要组成部分。以下列举一些高中英语中使用频率较高的词根: acid = sour 酸的 aer(o) = air 空气 alt = high 高 alter = other 其他 anim = life 生命 annu/anni = year 年 anthrop = man 人类 arch(y) = rule 统治 astro(aster) = star 星 audi(o) = hear 听 aut(o) = self 自我,自动 bio(bi) = life 生命,生物 cardi = heart 心 ced(ceed, cess) = go 行走 centr = center 中心 cert = certain 确定的 chrom = colour 颜色 circ = ring 环形 claim = cry 大叫 cosm(o) = world 世界 count = to count 计算 cred = believe 相信 cycl(o) = circle 圆 dent = tooth 牙齿 dict = say 说 acidify 变酸 aerial 空气的 altitude 高度 alter 改变 animal 动物 annuals 年鉴 alternate 轮流的,交替的 animate 使?生机勃勃 anniversary 周年纪念 unanimous 一致的 annual 年度的 acidity 酸味 aeroplane 飞机

anthropology 人类学 anarchy 无政府状态 astrology 占星术 audience 听众 autocrat 专制者 biology 生物学 biography 传记 cardiac 心脏的 precede 领先 centre 中心 certify 证实 circus 马戏场 claim 主张,要求 cosmos 宇宙 counter 计算器 credible 可信的 cycle 圆 dentist 牙医

philanthropy 慈善家 monarchy 君主政体 astronaut 宇航员 astronomy 天文学 audio-video 视听的 automobile 汽车 biochemical 生物化学的 biosensor 生物传感器

audit 旁听、审计 autograph 亲笔签名

biotic 生命的 / 生物的 biotelemetry 生物遥测术 cardinal 衷心的 exceed 超过 process 过程

concentrate 集中,浓缩 certificate 证书,执照 photochrome 彩色照片 circulate 流通,流传 exclaim 呼喊 macrocosm 宏观世界 discount 折扣 credit 信任 tricycle 三轮车 acclaim 称赞 account 报告,账户 credulous 轻信的 trident 三叉戟 dictator 独裁者
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monochrome 单色的

circle 圆圈

microcosm 微观世界

bicycle 自行车

cyclone 旋风

dictation 口述/听写

predict 预言

高一英语

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duct = lead 领导 ego = I 我 equ = equal 相等的 firm 坚固的 flu = flow 流动 fus = pour 灌注 gam = marriage 婚姻 geo = earth 地 gram = write 写,画,图形 graph = write(instrument for making records)写,画;文 字图形 (用于文字图形的仪 器) habit = dwell 居住 hal = breathe 呼吸 hum/hom = man 人 hydr(o) = water 水 ject = throw 投,扔 junct = connect 连接 later = side 边 leg/legis = law 法 lingu = language 语言 liter = letter 文字 loc = place 地方 log = speak 说 lun = moon 月亮 mar = sea 海 medi/media = middle 中间 metr = measuring 测量 mini = small 小 nov = new 新的 nutri = nourish 营养 pel = push 推 port = carry 运 pos = put 放 pur = pure 纯净的 rect = right 方正,直线 rupt = break 打破 scend(s) = climb 攀爬 scrib(pt) = write 写 sect = cut 切割 sent (sens)= feel 感觉 sol = alone 单独 son = sound 声音

educate 教育 egoist 自我主义 equality 平等

introduce 介绍

conductor(公交)售票员 equivalent 相等的 equator 赤道

egocentric 自我中心的 equation 方程(式) confirm 证实,坚定 influence 影响 fluid 液体(的) profuse 充沛的 confuse 使?糊涂、使混乱 polygamy 多配偶制 telegram 电报 geology 地质学 diagram 图表

affirm 肯定,断言 fluent 流利的,流畅的 refuse 回绝、拒绝 geography 地理 grammar 语法 monogamy 一夫一妻制

photograph 照片

telegraph 电报机

graphics 制图法

habitant 居住者 inhale 吸入 human 人类 project 计划

inhabit 居住于 exhale 呼出 humanity 人性,人道

inhabitant 居民

hydroelectric 水电的 junction 结合(点) unilateral 单方面的 legal 法律的 literate 识字的 local 地方的 dialogue 对话 lunar 月亮的 marine 海上的 medium 媒体 geometry 几何 minify 使缩小 nutrition 营养 propel 推动 expose 使暴露 purify 净化 correct 正确 interrupt 打断 ascend 上升 describe 描写 insect 昆虫 sentiment 感情 solo 独唱 sonic 声音的 portable 可携带的 linguistics 语言学

hydrology 水文学 inject 插入,投入 reject 拒绝 conjunction 连接词 bilateral 双边的 bilingual 两种语言的 adjunct 附属的 lateral 侧面的 multilingual 多语言的

inject 注射

legislate 立法 literature 文学 locate 放置 apology 道歉 superlunary 天上的 submarine 潜水艇 Mediterranean 地中海 barometer 气压计 minimum 最小量 innovate 创新 repel 反击 porter 搬运工 oppose 反抗 malnutrition 营养不良 expel 驱逐 import 进口 compose 编,创作 purity 纯净 rectify 纠正 disrupt 瓦解 descend 下降 scripture 手稿 bisect 二等分 consent 同意 resonant 回声的
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literal 字面的 logic 逻辑 translunar 月球以外的 mariculture 海水养殖 diameter 直径 miniature 微型物 renovate 革新

dislocate 脱位

novel 新奇的;小说

impurity 不净 erect 竖立 erupt 喷发 transcend 超越 subscribe 订阅 dissect 解剖 sensation 感觉 desolate 荒凉的 stereosonic 立体声的

solitary 单独的

高一英语

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spir = breathe 呼吸 struct = build 建造 tele = far 远 thermo = heat 热 tract = draw 拉 vert = turn 转 vis/vid = see 看 viv = live 活

conspire 同谋 structure 结构 telescope 望远镜 thermos 热水瓶 subvert 颠覆 visible 可见的

inspire 鼓舞 construct 建造

expire 终止 destruction 破坏 television 电视 abstract 抽取,抽象的 evident 明显的

telegram 电报

thermochemistry 热化学 divert 转向 visit 参观 reverse 翻转 advise 建议 vivid 生动的

tractor 拖拉机 attract 吸引 contract 合同

survive 比?活得长

revive 复活

2.前缀 prefix 除少数英语前缀外,前缀一般改变词的意义,不改变词性。常用前缀如下: ?否定前缀 ① un- = not 不,移开 A. un+形容词:unable, unfortunate, unimportant, untrue, unselfish, uncommon, unexpected, unthinkable, unbelievable, unseen, unforgettable, unconscious B. un+副词:undoubtedly, unexpectedly, unfortunately, unusually, unhappily, unluckily 由 un+形容词构成的词除了 unknown, unseen, unfit 等词之外,其它词都可变为加-ly 的副词(个别形 容词尾需要变动) 。 C. un+动词:uncover, untie, unlock, undress, undo, unpack ② im+形容词:immortal, impolite, immoral, imperfect, impracticable ③ in+形容词:informal, incorrect, incomplete, invisible, independent, independent ④ ir+形容词:irregular, irresponsible, irreparable ⑤ mis+动词:misunderstand, misuse, misfortune, mistreat, miscall, mistrust, misspell, mistake ⑥ dis- = apart, remove 除去,取消 A. dis+名词:disorder, dishonour, disease, disadvantage, discourage B. dis+形容词:dishonest, dissimilar, discouraged C. dis+动词:disagree, divide, disqualify, disobey, differ, disclose, discomfort, dismiss ?表示空间,位置关系的前缀 ① a- = on 表“在??之上,向??,处于??状态” ,大多加在音节较少的名词或不及物动词上构成新 词,如形容词:alive, awake, asleep, aloud, afloat;副词:ahead, abroad, aside, above, about, ashore, atop;动 词:ascend 等。 ② fore- = front, before 表“在??前面” :forehead, foreground, forearm, foreleg, forepart ③ in-/il-/im-/ir- = in, into 表“向??内,在??内” :include, inhabit, inject, invade, illustrate, import, immigrate, interior ④ inter- = between, mutual 表“在??间,相互” : internationalism, interview, interaction, interrupt, interchange, interflow, interval, internal ⑤ intro-,表示“在(向)??内” :introduce ⑥ out- = out, more than 表“向外,超过” :outdoor, outgoing, outstanding, outsmart, outskirt, outsize ⑦ over-表“在上面的,在外的” :overhead, overlook, overcoat, overcome, overtime, overgrow ⑧ pre- = before 表 “先于” : prefix, preposition, prewar, prehistory, reelection, prepay, precede, predict, prepare, prevent, predawn, preview ⑨ pro- = forward 表 “外, (向) 前, 赞成, 代替” : produce, progress, promote, prospect, prosperity, pro-British ⑩ sur-表“在??上” :surface, surround ? trans- = across 表“穿过,转移” :transfer, translate, transmit, transatlantic, transform, transport, transplant ? under- = under 表 “在??下, 不足” : underground, underline, underwear, undergraduate, underdeveloped,
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高一英语

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underwater, undergo ? up- = upward 表“向上” :upright, uphold, upset, upstairs, uprise, update, uprush ? bi- =two 表“双” :bicycle, biannual, bipolar ?ex-/e- = out 表“向外,分离,以前的” :exit, exceed, eject, emit, erupt, evaporate, ex-president, ex-wife ? tele- = far 表“远” :telephone, television, telescope, telegraph, telecontrol, telephoto ?表示时间,序列关系的前缀 ① fore-表“在前,预先” :foreward, foresight, foretell, forecast, forementioned, forewarn ② mid- = middle 表“中间” :midnight, midsummer, midautumn ③ post- = after, behind 表“在??后” :postpone, postgraduate, postwar, postlistening, postfix ④ re- = again 表 “重, 再, 复” : rewrite, return, review, reflect, reject, reappear, reborn, reconstruct, reform, re-create, rehandle, reunion, reclaim, reaffirm, restore ⑤ extra- = outside 表“向外,超越” :extraordinary, extracurricular ⑥ over- = above, too 表 “ 超 越 , 太 ” : overactive, overdue, overpopulation, overdo, overestimate, overconfidence, oversensitive, overcritical, overeating ⑦ super- = above 表“在??上,超” :supermarket, supervise, supernatural ?表示共同、相等关系 ① com- (在 b, m, p 前)/col-, con-, cor- (com 在 g, l, r 及其它辅音前) = together 一起: comanage, compose, combat, correspond, collide, concentrate, company, connect, correct ② co- :cooperate, coexist, coworker ③ sym-:sympathy, symphony ?表示整个,完全关系 ① al-:alone, almost, altogether ② over- :overall, overflow, overfall ?表示“离,离开” ① a- :arise, away, apart ② de- :depart, dewater, decolour ③ se- :separate, select ④ for- :forget, forgive ?变换词类作用的前缀 ① en-/em-:enable, enlarge, enrich, enclose, empower ② ad-, ac-, af-, ag-, an-, ap-, ar-, as-, at-, (ad-在 c, f, g, i, n, p, r , s, t 前的变体):adapt, across, affect, appear, arrange, assist, attend, attract ?表示加强意义 ① a- :ashamed, arouse, amuse ② ad- :address, admire, advise, advance ③ be- :belong, believe ?表示特殊意义 ① arch- :表示“首位,主要” :architect ② auto- :表示“自动” :automobile, autobiography ③ magni- :表示“大” :magnificent ④ micro- :表示“微小” :microscope, Microsoft, microcomputer ⑤ bi- :表示“数量” :biweekly, bicycle, bimonthly ⑥ mini- :表示“小型” :minibus, miniskirt, mini-factory, mini-market 3.后缀 suffix 英语中大部分后缀不改变词义而只改变词性,只有小部分后缀改变词义。常用后缀大约有 96 个,大
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高一英语

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致可分为五类。 ?名词后缀 ①构成表示人的名词后缀 a.动词+er 表示人:manufacturer, thinker, admirer, discoverer, weaver, viewer b.名词+er 表示人或物:New Yorker, customer, premier, harvester, philosopher, geographer, Londoner c.形容词+er 表示人:foreigner, stranger, southerner d.动词+or 表示人:actor, director, inventor, operator, governor, professor, conductor, sailor e.名词+eer 表示人:engineer, volunteer, mountaineer, pioneer f.名词(动词)+ress 表女性:actress, waitress, authoress, millionaires, tailoress, tigress g.名词+cian:mathematician, physician, politician, musician h.名词(专有名词)+ese 表“国民,国语” :Chinese, Japanese, Portugese, Taiwanese, Cantanese i. 名词+ an/ian/ean 表“人” : musician, guardian, Christian, pedestrian, European, American, African, Australian, Austrian, Canadian, Hungarian, Indian, Italian, Russian j.名词(或-al 结尾的形容词)+ist 表“主义者,人” :artist, communist, florist, terrorist, naturalist, socialist ②构成抽象名词与集合名词的后缀 a.动词+age 表“状态” :package, marriage, leakage, wastage, carriage, postage, storage, percentage b.动词+ure:failure, pleasure, pressure, mixture, fixture c.形容词+ity/-ty 表“性质或状态” :majority, royalty, poverty, certainty, curiosity, sensibility, timidity, generosity, activity, equality, possibility, ability d. 动 词 + ment 表 “ 结 果 或 状 态 ” : attachment, amazement, measurement, arrangement, supplement, embodiment, judgment, astonishment, punishment, treatment, statement, enrichment e. 动词+ ion/sion/ation/action/cation/ition 表“动作,结果和状态” : attraction, calculation, fascination, derivation, competition, deduction, omission, revelation, translation, congratulation, devotion, decision, division, description, revision, consideration, imagination, addition, repetition f.名词/形容词/动词+ery/ry:bravery, discovery, machinery, slavery, chemistry g.形容词/动词+y 表“?的行为,?的状况” : delivery, jealousy, modesty, inquiry, injury, treasury h.动词+al 表“行为” :arrival, denial, burial, proposal, disapproval, refusal i.名词/形容词+ship 表“?的状态,?的身份,?的关系” :friendship, leadership, hardship, citizenship, comradeship, professorship, warship, membership, partnership, sportsmanship j.名词+hood 表“身份,境遇,状态” :childhood, neighborhood, manhood, likelihood, knighthood k.动词+ance/ence 表“性质或状态” :appearance, annoyance, disturbance, reference, endurance, reliance, assurance, attendance, dependence, influence, excellence l.形容词/动词+th:truth, length, youth, strength, depth, wealth, warmth, width, growth m.形容词/名词+dom 表 “职位, 领域, 状态” : wisdom, freedom, kingdom, queendom, chiefdom, filmdom n.形容词/名词+ism 表“主义,学说” :communism, socialism, Marxism, imperialism, terrorism, heroism, optimism, realism, humanism o.动词+ing:building, feeling, dancing, meeting p.形容词+ness 表“状态或性质” :kindness, forgetfulness, willingness, brightness, selfness, correctness, tiredness, weightlessness, laziness, carelessness, kind-heartness ?形容词后缀 ①名词 / 动词+ able/ible 表“能被?的” ( 有被动含义 ) : valuable, exchangeable, countable, permissible, believable, avoidable, responsible, understandable, adaptable, breakable, readable, durable, respectable ②名词+al/ia/ual 表“?的,有性质的” :casual, agricultural, mental, continual, musical, practical, logical, technical, industrial, fundamental, actual ③名词+ic/ical 表“与?有关的,由?组成的” :atmospheric, atomic, heroic, alcoholic, volcanic, poetic,
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高一英语

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symphonic, electrical, historical, medical, chemical, physical ④名词+ish:foolish, childish, womanish, Spanish, British, English ⑤名词/动词+ful 表“充满的,易于的” :cheerful, harmful, fruitful, powerful, doubtful, awful, respectful, faithful, regretful, plentiful, frightful ⑥名词/动词+less:harmless, homeless, wireless, endless, selfless, powerless, fearless, valueless ⑦名词+ar 表“有?性质的” :regular, particular, popular, lunar, familiar, peculiar ⑧名词+ary 表“是?的” :revolutionary, extraordinary, contrary, ordinary, voluntary, sanitary ⑨名词/形容词+ly 表 “像?的, 有?性质的, 适于?的” : friendly, orderly, manly, monthly, heavenly, costly, mannerly, wooly, lovely, lively, lonely ⑩名词+en:wooden, woolen, golden ?名词+ern:eastern, western, northern, southern ?名词+y:cloudy, sunny, shiny, windy, rainy, snowy, lucky, salty, hilly, funny, healthy, sleepy, foggy, dusty, lucky, muddy, wealthy, noisy, easy, dirty, thirsty, angry, hungry, smoky, sandy ?名词+ous/ious 表“充满?的,有?特性的” :industrious, poisonous, advantageous, anxious, obvious, courageous, precious, cautious, ambitious, mountainous, humorous ?名词/动词+some 表“有?倾向,易于?的” :handsome, troublesome, tiresome, fearsome, lonesome ?动词+ant/ent:distant, vacant, arrogant, brilliant, resistant, abundant, absorbent, indulgent, orient, patient, diligent, excellent ?动词+ive/ative 表“与?有关的,具有?性质的” :attractive, imitative, decisive, talkative, comparative, relative, competitive, definitive, progressive, extensive, respective ?动词+ed 表“具有?的,充满” :aged, gifted, moneyed, talented ?动词+ing:interesting, moving, exciting, tiring, surprising ?副词后缀 ①形容词+ly 表 “?地” : swiftly, heartily, invariably, curiously, constantly, seriously, particularly, unfortunately, closely, terribly, prettily, dully, scientifically, physically ②名词/介词+ward/wards 表“方向” :homeward, northward, upward, backward, toward, afterwards ?动词后缀 ①形容词/名词+en 表 “使成为?” : deepen, broaden, soften, darken, weaken, sharpen, blacken, redden, whiten, tighten, stengthen, lengthen, heighten ②形容词/名词+fy 表“使?” :beautify, satisfy, classify, purify, terrify, identify, horrify, notify ③名词/形容词+ize/ise 表“使?化” :dramatize, generalize, specialize, realize, modernize ④-ate/由外来词构成:liberate, educate, operate, translate, graduate, separate, celebrate, congratulate ⑤-ish/由外来词构成:finish, publish, astonish ?数词后缀 ①基数词+teen:thirteen, fourteen fifteen, sixteen, seventeen, eighteen, nineteen ②基数词+ty:twenty, thirty, forty, fifty ③ 基数词+th:fourth, fifth, sixth, eighth, ninth 3.中缀 在英语有些词在结合时,需要有一个中间的起连接作用的中缀,这类词汇不多,常见的中缀是字母-s-。如: salesgirl, salesman, townspeople, townsman 二、转化法 conversion 就是由一种词类转化为另一种词类的方法就是转化法。通过改变词形或者转换词性进行转化,英语中 就形成了大量外形相同而词类不同的词即同形异类词。转化法主要有如下几种类型 1.名词转化为动词(定语) water 水—— to water the flower
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高一英语

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house 房屋—— to house guests mail 邮件—— to mail a letter fish 鱼—— to fish in the sea 2.动词转化为名词 to try 尝试—— Do you want a try? to drive 驾驶—— to go for a drive to use 利用—— to make use of to chat 闲聊—— to have a chat 3.形容词转化为名词 relative 相关的,相对的—— relative 亲戚 wrong 错误的—— the wrong 错误 right 右方的—— the right 右边 good 好的—— do good to 好处 4.名词转化为形容词 content 满意;目录—— content 满意的,满足的 5.形容词转化为动词 correct 正确的,精确的—— to correct your mistakes dry 干燥的—— to dry clothes empty 空的—— to empty one’s glass absent 缺席的—— to absent oneself from work humble 谦恭的—— to humble one’s pride 三、合成法 compounding 合成法是指将两个或两个以上的词按照一定的次序排列构成新词叫合成词。这种构词方式主要有两 种:复合法和结合法。合成法主要是构成合成名词和合成形容词。 复合法构成的复合词, 它们各个结合的部分相互间的语法关系是紧密相关的。 如 blackboard 和 darkroom 都是形容词和名词形成的结构,writing desk 是动词名词和名词形式的结构。 结合法形成的词是形态合成词,它的结合是用一个起来连接作用的中缀来把两个或两上以上的词根词 素紧紧的连缀在一起。如,用辅音字母-s-来缀全两个词根词素构成的词有:salesman, townspeople 等。 合 成的方式常见的有如下几种: 1.合成名词 ?名词/代词+名词 women-doctors, workshop, he-goat, coal fire, gas cooker, oil well, power plant, silk worm, gold mine, bottleneck, piano keys, telephone receiver, television screen, police-officer, pine tree, girl friend, goldfish, raindrop, birdcage, breakfast time, flowerbed, tearoom, ?动词+名词:blowpipe, flashlight, watchdog, call-girl, searchlight ?形容词+名词:blacksmith, blackboard, supermarket, darkroom, highchair, hothouse, madman ?动名词+名词: reading-room, building materials, dancing girl, flying machine, working conditions, boiling point, drinking cup, typing paper, writing desk, sewing machine, walking stick, ?名词+动名词: machine-building, shoe-making, paper-correcting, book-keeping, dressmaking, letter-writing, story-telling, town-planning, handwriting, sun-bathing, horse riding, churchgoing, daydreaming ?动词+副词:stand-by, take-off, cut-off, breakdown ?副词+名词:downfall, rainfall, outhouse
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高一英语

新王牌 新王牌

?现在分词+名词:running dog, running water, flying fish, rising sun, burning stick ?名词+介词+名词:man-of-war, editor-in-chief ?名词+连词字母+名词:handiwork, nowadays ⑴介词/副词+名词:afternoon, inland, overbalance 2.合成形容词 ?形容词+名词+ed:five-storeyed, one-eyed, double-faced, blue-eyed ?名词+名词+ed:honey-mouthed ?名词/代词+分词: heart-broken, self-educated, snow-covered, man-eating, peace-loving, paper-making, ocean-going, heartfelt, home-made, sunburnt, weather-beaten ?名词/代词+形容词:color-blind, ice-cool, airsick, tax-free, snow-white, rock-hard, sea-green ?形容词/数词+名词:full-time, high-grade, second-hand ?形容词/数词+分词:ready-made, sleepy-looking, good-looking ?副词+分词:far-reaching, so-called, hard-working, well-meaning, newly-laid, well-meant, wide-spread ?副词+形容词:ever-green, under-ripe ?形容词+形容词:dark-blue, red-hot, grey-green ?介词+名词:downhill, overnight 3.合成副词 ?形容词+名词:sometimes, meanwhile ?副词+名词:oftentimes, indoors, outdoors, overhead ?介词+名词:alongside, beforehand ?名词+形容词:skyhigh, stonestill, ?副词+介词:nearby, upalong 4.合成动词 ?名词+动词:overhear, underline ?形容词+动词:moonwalk ?副词+动词:white-wash, safeguard 5.其它合成词 ?合成代词:everybody, everyone, everything, anyone, anybody, anything ?合成介词:outside, inside, throughout 四、缩略法 缩略法是把原有的词汇通过缩短,在读音和写法上呈现新的形式,这种构词方式用得很普遍,特别是 近几年来,随着科学技术的飞速发展,产生了很多新的缩略词。缩略法构词主要有如下几种。 1.剪切法 clipping 剪切法即截短法,是从某个词的完整形式中删除一个或更多音节,这种方法构成的词汇往往认为是非 正式的。 ?剪切原词的开始部分即截头:omnibus—bus, airplane/aeroplane—plane, taxicab—cab, telephone—phone ?剪切原词的末尾部分即去尾:advertisment—ad, examination—exam, photograph—photo, taxicab—taxi, laboratory—lab, public house—pub ?剪切原词的中间部分:foot/feet---ft, half---hf, Greek---GK, yard---yd, year---yr, continued---contd ?剪切原词的两端部分, 保留中间的部分字母:infludenza---flu, refrigerator---fridge 2.混成法 blending 混成法是由两个词混合或紧缩而成为一个复合词的方法。这种复合词都保留了原来两个词的一部分, 其后半表示主体,前半部分表示属性。
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高一英语

新王牌 新王牌

breakfast+luch—brunch smoke+fog—smog motor+hotel—motel boat+motor—botor news+broadcast—newscast television+broadcast—telecast cheese+hamburger—cheeseburger beef+hamburger—beefburger European+television—Eurovision 3.用首字母缩略 acronym 大量的缩略语是其所含各个成分的第一个字母或多个字母构成的,这种方式构成的词叫做首字母缩略 语。 ?按首字母拼读的缩略语 British Broadcasting Corporation—BBC European Economic Community—EEC United Nations—UN Unidentified Flying Object—UFO Very Important Person—VIP Do-it-yourself—DIY World Tread Organization—WTO ?象单词一样拼读的首字母缩略语 North Atlantic Treaty Organization—NATO the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization—UNESCO light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation—LASER acquired immunity deficiency syndrome—AIDS

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