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assure, ensure, insure, reassure


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assure, ensure, insure, reassure

assure
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assure用来表示向某人保证某事将要发生,既可以用 来确证某事,也可以表示使某人确信(If you ASSURE a person of something,you promise them or tell them that)。 assure的宾语通常是人或人称代词,所以不能直接搭 用that - clause。其常用结构为:assure sb of sth ①He assured us of his ability to solve the problem.他向我们保证他有能力解决这个问题。 ②We booked early to assure ourselves of(getting) good seats.我们及早订座以保证我们能得到好座位。

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assure后还可跟抽象名词作宾语,此时与ensure同义, 表示确保。

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①Weeks of practice assured /ensured success in the match.几个星期的训练确保了在比赛中获得成 功。 ? ②Nothing can assure permanent peace.没有什么 能确保永久和平。

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assure在英国英语中作为专业术语,可表示投 人寿保险。 to insure /assure against death 投保寿险(life assurance /insurance人寿保 险)

ensure
ensure的意思是使某行为或某件事的结果得以保证, 即确保某事发生(to make sure that sth.happens)。 ? ensure后可以直接跟 that-clause,并可以用复合宾语。 常用结构为:ensure sth/ensure +that-clause ?? ? ①To ensure the child’s quick recovery,the doctor gave him an antibiotic.为使这个孩子尽快恢复,医 生给他打了一剂抗生素。 ?? ? ②Registration ensures delivery of mail.挂号寄邮件 保证会送到。
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insure
意思是为防不测向保险公司付钱投保(to pay money to an insurance company against future disaster)。 ? ? ①My house is insured against fire.我的房子 保了火险。 ?? ? ②Are you insured for all risks?你是不是给自 己保了综合险?
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reassure
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表示安慰忧虑不安的人,使其安心,放心,恢复信心 (to comfort someone who is anxious and make him /her free from fear or worry;to bring back confidence to...)。 常用结构为: reassure sb.(about sth.)/ reassure sb.+ that-clause ? ①I was worried that my work wasn’t good enough, but the teacher reassured me(about it).我担心 我的作业不够好,可是老师却让我放心。 ?? ② The captain reassured the passengers about the strength of the ship.那位船长向乘客保证船很坚固, 要他们安心。


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