马营中学 2015—2016 学年度高一级中期考试 英语 试卷
本试题卷分第 I 卷(选择题）和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。考生作答时，将答案答在答题卡 上(答题注意事项见答题卡)，在本试题卷上答题无效。考试结束后，将本试题卷和答题卡交 回。第 I 卷 注意事项： 1． 答第 I 卷考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2． 选出每小题答案前，用 2B 铅
笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动，用橡 皮擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号框，不能答在本试卷上，否则无效。 第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A Low-Cost Gifts for Mother's Day Gift No. I Offer to be your mother's health friend. Promise to be there for any and all doctor's visits whether a disease or a regular medical check-up. Most mothers always say "no need," another set of eyes and ears is always a good idea at a doctor's visit. The best part ? This one is free. Gift No. 2 Help your mother organize all of her medical records, which include the test results and medical information. Put them all in one place. Be sure to make a list of all of her medicines and what times she takes them. "Having all this information in one place could end up saving your mother's life," Dr. Marie Savard said. Gift No. 3 Enough sleep is connected to general health conditions. "Buy your mother cotton sheets and comfortable pillows to encourage better sleep," Savard said. "We know that good sleep is very important to our health." Gift No. 4 Some gift companies such as Presents for Purpose allow you to pay it forward this Mother's Day by picking gifts in which 10 percent of the price you pay goes to a charity (慈善机构) Gift givers can choose from a wide variety of useful but
inexpensive things -many of which are "green" - and then choose a meaningful charity from a list. When your mother gets the gift, she will be told that she has helped the chosen charity. 1. What are you advised to do for your mother at doctor's visits? A. Take notes. B. Be with her. C. Buy medicine. D. Give her gifts. 2. Where can you find a gift idea to improve your mother’s sleep? A. In Gift No. 1. C. In Gift No. 3. B. In Gift No. 2. D. In Gift No. 4.
3. Buying gifts from Presents for Purpose allows mothers to A. give others help C. be extra support B On a sunny day last August, Tim heard some shouting. Looking out to the sea carefully, he saw a couple of kids in a rowboat were being pulled out to sea. Two 12-year-old boys, Christian and Jack, rowed out a boat to search for a football. Once they'd rowed beyond the calm waters, a beach umbrella tied to the boat caught the wind and pulled the boat into open water. The pair panicked and tried to row back to shore. But they were no match for it and the boat was out of control. Tim knew it would soon be swallowed by the waves. "Everything went quiet in my head," Tim recalls(回忆). "I was trying to figure out how to swim to the boys in a straight line." Tim took off his clothes and jumped into the water. Every 500 yards or so, he raised his head to judge his progress. "At one point, I considered turning back," he says. "I wondered if I was putting my life at risk." After 30 minutes of struggling, he was close enough to yell to the boys, "Take down the umbrella!" Christian made much effort to take down the umbrella. Then Tim was able to catch up and climb aboard the boat. He took over rowing, but the waves were almost too strong for him. "Let's aim for the pier(码头)," Jack said. Tim turned the boat toward it. Soon afterward, waves crashed over the boat, and it began to sink. "Can you guys swim?" he cried. "A little bit," the boys said.
B. enjoy good sleep D. be well-organized
Once they were in the water, Tim decided it would be safer and faster for him to pull the boys toward the pier. Christian and Jack were wearing life jackets and floated on their backs. Tim swan toward land as water washed over the boys' faces. “Are we almost there?" they asked again and again. "Yes," Tim told them each time. After 30minutes, they reached the pier. 4. Why did the two boys go to the sea? A. To get back their football. C. To swim in the open water. as a sail. 5. What does "it" in Paragraph 2 refer to? A. The wind. C. The water. 6. Why did Tim raise his head regularly? A. To take in enough fresh air. B. To consider turning back or not. C. To ask the boys to take down the umbrella. D. To check his distance from the boys. 7. How did the two boys finally reach the pier? A. They were carried to the pier by Tim on his back. B. They swam to the pier all by themselves. C. They were washed to the pier by the waves. D. They were dragged to the pier by Tim. C The Healthy Habits Survey（调查）shows that only about one third of American seniors have correct habits. Here are some findings and expert advice. 1. How many times did you brush your teeth yesterday? ·Finding：A full 33% of seniors brush their teeth only once a day. ·Step：Remove the 300 types of bacteria in your mouth each morning with a battery-operated toothbrush. Brush gently for 2 minutes, at least twice a day. 2. How many times did you wash your hands or bathe yesterday? ·Finding：Seniors, on average, bathe fewer than 3 days a week. And nearly 30% wash their hands only 4 times a day-half of the number doctors recommend.
B. To go boat rowing. D. To test the umbrella
B. The boat. D. The beach.
·Step：We touch our faces around 3,000 times a day-often inviting germs（病 菌）to enter our mouth, nose and eyes. Use toilet paper to avoid touching the door handle. And, most important, wash your hands often with hot running water and soap for 20 seconds. 3. How often do you think about fighting germs? ·Finding：Seniors are not fighting germs as well as they should. ·Step：Be aware of germs. Do you know it is not your toilet but your kitchen sponge 海绵）that can carry more germs than anything else? To kill these germs, keep your sponge in the microwave for 10 seconds. 8. What is found out American seniors? A. About one third of them brush their teeth only once a day B. All of them are fighting germs better than expected . C. Nearly 30%of then bathe three days a week . D. Most of them have good habits. 9. Doctors suggest that people should wash their hands _______. A. twice a day C. four times a day 10. Which of the following is true according to the text ? A. We should keep from touching our faces . B. There are less than 300 types of bacteria in the mouth . C. A kitchen sponge can carry more germs than a toilet . D. We should wash our hands before touching a door handle . 11. The text probably comes from A. a book review document C. a guide book magazine D China is a land of bicycles. At least it was back in 1992 when I traveled the country. Back then everyone seemed to be riding a bicycle. Millions of them, all black. Cars were rare. Yet since my arrival in Beijing last year, I’ve found the opposite is true. There are millions of cars. However, people still use their bicycles to get around. For many, it’s the easiest and cheapest way to travel today. D. a popular . B. an official .
B. three times a day D. eight times a day
Bicycles also come in different colors---silver, green, red, blue, yellow, whatever you want. It’s fun watching people biking. They rush quickly through crossroads, move skillfully through traffic, and ride even on sidewalks( 人行道 ). Bicycles allow people the freedom to move about that cars just can’t provide. Eager to be part of this aspect of Chinese culture, I decided to buy a bicycle. Great weather accompanied my great buy. I immediately jumped up on my bicycle seat and started home. My first ride home was orderly (守秩序的). To be safe, I stayed with a “pack” of bikers while cars on the streets came running swiftly out of nowhere at times. I didn’t want to get hit. So I took the ride carefully. Crossing the streets was the biggest problem. It was a lot like crossing a major highway back in the United States. The streets here were wide, so crossing took time, skill and a little bit of luck. I finally made it home. The feeling on the bicycle was amazing. The air hitting my face and going through my hair was wonderful. I was sitting on top of the world as I passed by places and people. Biking made me feel alive. 12.According to the author, why are bicycles still popular in China today? A. Because they are traditional and safe. B. Because they are fast and environment friendly. C. Because they are colorful and available. D. Because they are convenient and inexpensive. 13. The author decided to buy a bicycle because he intended ______________. A. to experience local culture C. to ride it for fun B. to use it for transport D. to improve his riding skills
14. How did the author feel about his street crossing? A. It was difficult. C. It was wonderful. . B. It was boring D. It was lively.
15. Which of the following best describes the author’s biking experience? A. The author enjoyed showing off his biking skills. B. The author took great pleasure in biking. C. The author was praised by the other bikers. D. The author was annoyed by the air while riding.
第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分。共 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的七个选项中选 出正确的填入空白处。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Urbanization Until relatively recently, the vast majority of human beings lived and died without ever seeing a city. The first city was probably founded no more than 5,500 years ago. 16 In fact, nearly everyone lived on farms or in tiny rural (乡村
的) villages. It was not until the 20th century that Great Britain became the first urban society in history－a society in which the majority of people live in cities and do not farm for a living. Britain was only the beginning. 17 The process of urbanization－migration (迁 移) of people from the countryside to the city was the result of modernization, which has rapidly transformed how people live and where they live. In 1990, fewer than 40% of Americans lived in urban areas. Today, over 82% of Americans live in cities. Only about 2% live on farms. 18 .
Large cities were impossible until agriculture became industrialized. Even in advanced agricultural societies. It took about ninety-five people on farms to feed five people in cities. 19 Until modern times, those living in cities were
mainly the ruling elite( 精英 ) and the servants, laborers and professionals who served them. Cities survived by taxing farmers and were limited in size by the amount of surplus food that the rural population produced and by the ability to move this surplus from farm to city. Over the past two centuries, the Industrial Revolution has broken this balance between the city and the country. 20 Today, instead of needing ninety-five farmers to feed five city people, one American farmer is able to feed more than a hundred non-farmers.
A. The rest live in small towns. B. That kept cities very small. C. The effects of urban living on people should be considered. D. Modern cities have destroyed social relations and the health of human beings. E. Modernization drew people to the cities and made farmers more productive. F. But even 200 years ago, only a few people could live in cities. G. Soon many other industrial nations become urban societies.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后面各题所给的四个选项(A、 B、C 和 D)中选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 "Look, it's Baldy!" A boy shouted in my direction across the playground. Even though I was used to regular insults(侮辱) because of the 21 on my head, it was
22 horrible to hear. I sighed as I headed back to the class. When I was just 20 months old, I suffered serious hot oil fell on my head. I was 24 while the doctors 25 23 after a bowl full of
to hospital and had to stay there for weeks 26 to be alive," they
to save my life. "Holly's very
told Mum and Dad. "But she'll be hair won't grow there."
27 with scars on her head, and of course her
As a child, I cared much about my scars, so I up when I left home. 29
wore a scarf to cover them
I didn't, people would call me horrible names like Baldy. 30 understood how I
Although my friends were always comforting me, they never felt. Then through the hospital I was 31 like me can get any help. There, I 32
to a children's burns camp, where children 14-year-old Stephanie, whose burns are 33 that she never lets anyone put
a lot more serious than mine. But she is so her down. "You shouldn't
34 what people say about what you look like because we're 35 me. "And you don't need to wear
not different from anyone else, Holly," she a scarf because you look great 36
it!" For the first time in my life I could speak 37 . So weeks later, at my 13th birthday
to someone who'd been through something party， 38
by her bravery, I gave up my scarf and showed off my scars. It felt 39 away behind my scarf.
amazing not having to
Now, I am 40 of what I look like and much happier, because I have realized it is your personality（个性）that decides who you truly are. 21. A. scarf 22. A. still 23. A. hunger 24. A. invited 25. A. fought 26. A. happy 27. A. occupied B. scars B. just B. defeats B. forced B. returned B. lonely B. left C. cuts C. never C. burns C. led C.. decided C. poor C. pressed D. hat D. seldom D. cold D. rushed D. learned D. lucky D. painted
28. A. usually 29. A. Although 30. A. easily 31. A. introduced 32. A. caught 33. A. active 34. A. agree with 35. A. promised 36. A. without 37. A. important 38. A. required 39. A. hide 40. A. sick
B. finally B. If B. correctly B. carried B. remembered B. strong B. write down B. calmed B. beyond B. hard B. guided B. put B. proud
C. possibly C. Before C. roughly C. promoted C. met C. honest C. listen to C. ordered C. for C. strange C. allowed C. keep C. tired
D. nearly D. Since D. really D. reported D. recognized D. young D. pass on D. encouraged D. in D. similar D. inspired D. give D. aware
第 II 卷 注意：将答案写在答案卡上。写在本试题卷上无效。 第二节（共 10 题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当内容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 After school, Linda and Jim are 41._______(talk) on their way home. Linda: I feel a bit tired after 42.______ whole day’s work. Jim: 43_____do I. What do you do to relax yourself ? Linda: I enjoy 44._______(chat) online with my friends, going to the movies and doing many other things. Jim: What’s your favorite hobby? Linda: I 45._______stamps. I try my best to get from other countries. What about you? Jim: I riding my bike and looking at the scenery along the road.46.______ is a fun way to exercise, though cycling is a bit 47.______(danger). I like playing tennis, too. Linda: No wonder you are always so 48._______(energy). Jim: Yes, If we do exercise every day, we can 49._______our heart and lungs in good shape. Linda: Now I’m putting on weight.50._______you give me some advice on how to keep fit? Jim: The best way to keep fit is to do some sports. I’m going cycling now. Do you want to go with me? Linda: Sounds wonderful! Let’s go to the countryside together 第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请您修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语文错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜钱（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只充许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 One Friday, I was doing my homework which it suddenly occurred to me that it was my mother birthday the next day. However, I forgot it complete. I was worried that I didn’t prepare any present to her. At that moment, idea of online shopping came to her mind. I clicked the mouse and search some famous shopping websites. Having compared the price of many dresses, I chose one with a reasonable price which I thought Mum would appreciate it and bought it as soon as possible. The next morning I received the dress as expected without get out of my room. You see, online shopping is very convenient that it has made our life colorful. 书面表达（满分 25 分） 手机给现代人的生活带来了许多方便，人们越来越离不开手机。你在暑期社会实践中， 对手机的使用进行了调查， 发现这一现象， 请你按下列要点用英语写一篇 100 词左右的短文， 呼吁人们文明使用手机。 1. 描述这一现象； 2. 说说你的看法。 注意：可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。