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高考词汇


高考词汇说文解字 A a (an) art. *abandon v. 抛弃;ab-=away 离, 否定;band-绷带;没有绷带束缚的,就是不要的 *abundant a. abundance *bound a. 绑住的 [变自 band 绷带;引申为界限] *boundary n. 分界线 ability n. able a. *abnormal a. aboard prep

. board n. boat 船 oar n. [ab-=away 离;normal 正常的,norm 标准,nor 也不,既不大也不小不就是标准了吗] [ab-=away;bund-=bound 没有界限的;丰富的,充裕的]

在(船、飞机、车)上,上(船、飞机、车) ;

[a-=on 在;broad 板子,引申为船

板;董事会;甲板;膳食

桨,橹;划手
往国外的 ab=away

abroad a. & ad. adj.

*abolish v. ol=生长,联想成 oil; ish 动词后缀,偶尔客串形容词后缀(see:finish) *abortion n. about ad. & prep. above prep., a. & ad. *abrupt a. [ab-离开;rupt-词根:破、裂;ripe-成熟;成熟了就破壳而出了 absent a. 缺席的 [ab-=away 离;sent=send 送 ] [ab-=away 离;bort=born 生(词根喜欢加 t 接后缀) ion-抽象名词后缀]

*absence n. present n. a. & v. [pre-前缀;前面;sent=send]送出人就是介绍;送出事就是呈现;送出东西叫礼物

*presentation n. *represent v. *representative n.

*absolute a. absorb v.

绝对的,完全的 [solu=solo 单独的];我们说你是唯一正确的也是绝对正确的 [ab-加强语气;sorb, 模仿 soup 吸的声音创造 sorb 词根:吸]

*abstract a. & n. [abs-(ab-)=away 离开;tract=drag(c,g 音似)(see:tractor)拉,抽,引→抽去、抽出] abstraction *absurd a. *abuse v. [见上;-ion 名词后缀]

无理性的,荒谬的 [ab-=away 离;surd=sense 理性] 滥用;虐待 [ab-=away 离;use 使用→偏离正道地使用]

academic a. & n. *academy n.学院,学术团队 akademos-阿卡迪摩斯

*accelerate v.[ ac-(ab-)加强意义;celer 快,速] accent n. [cent, cant,chant(谐音唱)发声,唱]

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庖丁解牛解析词汇

receive v.

收到 [re-前缀:往回;ceive 变形 cap, capt, cep, cept, cip 拿,给]

accept v. 接受 [ac-加强意义;cap, capt, cep, cept, cip, ceiv=take, hold 拿,给] caption v. 给……加说明 [cap, capt, cep, cept, cip, ceiv=take, hold 拿,给] n. 说明;标题 concept n. 观念 [con-前缀:共同;cap, capt, cep, cept, cip, ceiv=take, hold 拿,给]

except prep. [ex-外,出;cap, capt, cep, cept, cip, ceiv=take, hold 拿,给→拿出去→排除、除外] receipt n. 收据 [cap, capt, cep, cept, cip, ceiv=take, hold 拿,给]

receiver n.

[cap, capt, cep, cept, cip, ceiv=take, hold 拿,给]

*reception n. 接待 [cap, capt, cep, cept, cip, ceiv=take, hold 拿,给] *receptionist n. 接待员[cap, capt, cep, cept, cip, ceiv=take, hold 拿,给] succeed v. [suc-(sub- )= from under 自下而上;ceed, cess = go 走]向下走,继续,成功 success n. [suc-(sub- )= from under 自下而上;ceed, cess = go 走] successful a. [suc-(sub- )= from under 自下而上;ceed, cess = go 走;-ful 构成形容词,表示富有…的、充满…的,具有…性质的、 易于…的、可…的]

*access n. 入口& v.接近[ac-(ad-);cess, ceed, ced = go 行走] *accessible a. [ac-(ad-) = to 到,cess, ceed, ced = go 行走;-ible 构成形容词,表示可…的、能…的、易…的、具有某种性质的] *procedure n. 程序 [pro- = forward 向前;ced, cees, cess = go 走;-ure 构成名词,表示行为、行为的结果、状态、情况]

process n. 过程& v. 处理[pro- = forward 向前;ced, cees, cess = go 走] accident n.意外事件 [ac-向外;cid =cess 走;-ent 构 成名词,表示人、物(…药…剂)] 我们经常说出事了

*accommodation n. [ac-加强意义;commod 便利,方便;-ate 动词后缀→向他人提供便利] Commodity 日用品 model n. modem n. modern a. modest a. [mod=manner, measure 式样,模式,方式,分寸→使自己言行适度有分寸] [mod=manner, measure 式样,模式,方式,分寸;-el 名词后缀]

*accompany v. [com-=together 共同,一起 company 伙伴] *accomplish v. complete a. & v. com-词根:全;共同

account n. *accountant n. count v. *counter n. Encounter discount n.

[count=count 计算] [count=count 计算] [count=count 计算] [count=count 计算]

[dis-=undo 取消;count=count 计算→有一些不计算]

*accumulate v. cum 来自日语:积云 *accuracy n. accurate a. [cur=care 关心]

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庖丁解牛解析词汇

*cure n. & v. [cur=care 关心,挂念,注意→(对病人)照料,护理] *curious a. [cur 关心,注意;-ious 形容词后缀,…的→引人注意的→对…特别关心的]

secure a. & v. [se-=see 分开,脱离;cur=care 安全] *security n. *rescue v. [-ity 名词后缀]

accuse v. curse 咒骂

*accustomed a. ust-= used ache v. & n. achieve v. 可以和 receive 联合记忆 chief chef achievement n. acid a. *acute a.尖的,敏锐的

*acknowledge v. [ac-(ad-);knowledge=know 知道] *acquaintance n. [quaint=know] *acquire v. [ac-(ad-)=to 到;quer, quest, quir, quis=seek 寻,求,问] *acquisition n. acre n. across prep. cross act n. & v. [act = ag(拉丁语)做] [quer, quest, quir, quis=seek 寻,求,问]

action n.[act = do 做;-ion 构成名词,表示行为、状态、 (行动的)结果] active a.[act = do 做;-ive 构成名词和形容词,表示(能)做某事的(人或物)] activity n. [act = do 做;-ive 构成名词和形容词,表示(能)做某事的(人或物) ;-(i)ty 构成名词,表具有某种特性的状态或事 物] actor n. actress n. actual a. [act = do 做;-or = -er 构成名词,表示……的人] [act = do 做;-or = -er 构成名词,表示…的人;-ess 构成名词,表示女性、雌性] [act = do 做;-ual, -al 构成名词和形容词,表示…的,与…有关的]

*agency n. [ag, act = do 做;ency = ancy 构成名词,表示…的状态,…的性质] *agenda n. [ag, act = do 做;enda(a 表示复数) ,表示待做的事情] *agent n. [ag, act = do 做;ent = ant 构成名词和形容词,表示做…的人,用作…的东西]

AD n. ad = advertisement n. vert-词根:转 *adapt v. [ad-=to 到;apt=fit 适合]

Appropriate proper

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庖丁解牛解析词汇

*adaptation n. add v. *addicted a. [ad-=to 到;dict=说→对…说→对…表示赞成→纵情于] *addition n. contradict v. contradiction *contradictory a. [contra-=against 反对;dict-=say 说→用语言对抗] dictation n. dictionary n. * predict v. [dict 言,说→吩咐,命令,指示;-ate 动词后缀;-ion 名词后缀→口授命令或指示] [dict 言,词;diction 措词;-ary 名词后缀,表示物→关于措词的书] [pre- =beforehand 预先;dict=say 言] [contra-=against 反对;dict-=say 说→用语言对抗]

address n. *adequate a. *adjust v. *adjustment n. administration n. [ad-=to 对;minister 大臣,部长;-ation 名词后缀,表示行为或由行为面产生的事物] manage administer administrator [见上;-ator 表示人] administrative[见上;-ative 形容词后缀,…的] *admirable a. admire v. admirer admiration admit v. [ad-=at 对;mir=wonder 惊奇,惊异→惊叹;-able 形容词后缀,可…的] [ad-=at 对;mir=wonder 惊奇,惊异→惊叹] [见上;-er 表示人] [见上;-ation 名词后缀,表示行为、情况] [ad-=to 到;equ=equal 相等;-ate 形容词后缀,…的→与所需要的数量相等的]

[ad-=to, into 去,进;mit, miss=send 发,送→送进去,放进去] might------mit

*admission n. *permit v. & n. [ per-=through 通过;mit, miss=send 发,送→送其过去→让其通过] permission n. permissive adj.

*adolescence n. *adolescent n. *adopt v. *adore v. adult n. advance v. & n. advanced

adult

less

[ad-=to 向;opt=option 选择,希望] [ore-=order 祷告,说话] [ad-=to 到;ult=grow up 成长] [ad-=to;vent 走+ance 前 =vance ance-词根:前----once 从前

ancestor n. ance+est+or 最前面的人,祖先 ancient a. 古老的 [ad-=to;van 前,先→往前;-age 名词后缀,表示情况→占先]

advantage n.

advantageous

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庖丁解牛解析词汇

adventure n.

[ad-=to 到;ven, vent=went 走;-ure 名词后缀,表示结果→来到某人身上的事情]

advertise v. [ad-=to 向;vert, vers=turn 转;-ise 动词后缀→使人注意力转向→使人注意到] advertisement n. [见上;-ment 名词后缀,表示行为,行为的结果] advice n. [ad-=to 向;vis, vid=see 看;字母变换 s=c→看法,意见] advise v. [ad-=to 向;vis, vid=see 看→看法,意见→向别人提出自己的看法]

adviser,advisor [见上;-er 或-or 表示人] advisory [见上;-ory 形容词后缀,…的]

*advocate v. 提倡;鼓吹 [ad-=to 对,向;voc, vok= voice 叫喊,声音;-ate 动词后缀→向某人呼喊→极力主张] advocator [见上;-or 表示人] affair n. [fair=do] [af-(ad-)=to 对;fect, fac,fect,fic=do, make 做→对…做了某事]

*affect v. 影响 *affection n.

afford v. ford-词根:力量;force afraid a. Africa n. African a. & n. after ad., prep. & conj. afternoon n. afterward(s) ad. again ad. against prep. age n. *aggressive a. [ag-(ad-)=to 向;gress 走→走向→来到→闯来→进攻;-ive 形容词后缀,…的] aggression aggressor ago ad. agree v. agreement n. *agricultural a. *agriculture n. ahead ad. aid n. & v. AIDS n. aim n. & v. air n. aircraft n. airline n. airmail n. airplane n. airport n. airspace n. *alarm n. & v. alert [agri = field 田地,农田;cult 耕作;-ure 名词后缀;-al 形容词后缀,…的] [见上;-ion 名词后缀] [见上;-or 表示人]

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庖丁解牛解析词汇

*album n. alcohol n. *alcoholic a. & n. *algebra n. alike ad. alive a. all ad., a. & pron. allergic a. [all(allos)=other 其他的;erg=work 功能→作用;-ic 形容词后缀] *alley n. *allocate v.[al-(ad-)=to 于;loc=place 地方;-ate 动词后缀,使…→使某物放置于某地] allow v. *allowance n. almost ad. alone a. along ad. & prep. [long=long 长] *alongside ad. aloud ad. alphabet n. already ad. also ad. *alternative a. although conj. *altitude n. altogether ad. aluminium (Am aluminum) n. always ad. am v. (be) a. m./ am, A. M./AM n. *amateur a. amaze v. amazing a. America n. Ambassador (ambassadress) n. *ambiguous a. *ambition n.[it=go 走] ambulance among prep. amount n. & v. *ample a. *amuse v. amusement n. analyse (Am analyze) v. [ana-再;lys, lyt 分,结,溶,散] [mount 登上,上升] [ampl=large 大的,宽的] [ambul=walk 行,走;-ance 名词后缀→跟随军队在野外到处行走流动的医院] [am, amat = love 爱;-eur = -er,表示…的人] [alt=high 高;-itude 名词后缀] [ali, alter=the other 其它,另一] [a-=in 在…中;loud 大声的] [a-=in 在…(状态)中;live=life 生命→在生存的状态中]

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庖丁解牛解析词汇

analysis n. *anchor v. & n. and conj. *anecdote n. anger n. angle n. angry a. animal n. ankle n.

[ana-再;lys, lyt 分,结,溶,散;-sis 名词后缀]

[angl, angul=angle 角]

[anim = breath, life, soul 气息,生命,心灵;-al 构成抽象名词]

*anniversary n. [ann, enn = year 年;vers, vert = turn 转;-ary 构成名词,表 示人、物、场所→时间转了一年] announce v. [nounc, nunci=tell, speak 讲述]

announcement n. [nounc, nunci=tell, speak 讲述] annoy v. *annual a. [ann, enn = year 年;-al 构成形容词,表示属于…的、具有…性质的、如…的]

another a. & pron. answer n. & v. ant n. Antarctic n. *antique n. [ante, anti=before 前] anxiety n. anxious a. any pron. & a. anybody pron. anyhow ad. anyone pron. anything pron. anyway ad. anywhere ad. *apart ad. & a. [part 分开] apartment n. apologize v. apology n. *apparent a. *appeal a. & n. appear v. [ap-(ad-)=to 向;pear par, per =come 出现,显现→向……走来] [part 分开] [apo-分开,离开,脱开;log=speach 言,说;-ize 动词后缀→说开] [apo-分开,离开,脱开;log=speach 言,说] [ap-(ad-)加强语义;par, per=come 出现,显现;-ent 形容词后缀]

appearance n. *appendix n. *appetite n. [pend, pens=hang 悬挂] [ap-=to 向;pet, 喜爱]

appetizing adj. 开胃的,促进食欲的 appetizer n. 开胃食品;刺激欲望的事物 *applaud v. & n. apple n. [plaud, plaus=clap hands 鼓掌认可]

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庖丁解牛解析词汇

*applicant n. application n. apply v. *appoint v. appointment n. appreciate v. [ap-(ad-)=to;preci=price 价值;-ate 动词后缀]

*appreciation n. [见上;-ion 名词后缀,表示行为] approach n. & v. *appropriate a. [propr, proper=one’s own, special 自己的,特别的] *approval n. *approve v. [prob, prov=test, prove 试验,验证] [prob, prov=test, prove 试验,验证]

approximately ad. [promix 近] April n. apron n *arbitrary a. *arch n. architect n. *architecture n. Arctic n. are v. (be) area n. argue v. argument n. arise (arose, arisen) v. arithmetic n. arm n. & v. armchair n. army n. around ad. & prep. arrange v. arrangement n. arrest v. arrival n. arrive v. arrow n. art n. article n. artificial a. artist n. as ad., conj. & prep. ash n. ashamed a. [art=art, skill 技艺] [rest=remain] [ar-(ad-)=to 到;riv 河,河岸→抵达岸边] [ar-(ad-)=to 到;riv 河,河岸→抵达岸边] [arc, arch=bow 弓] [tect=builder 建筑者] [aper=open 开]

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庖丁解牛解析词汇

Asia n. Asian a. & n. aside ad. ask v. asleep a. aspect n. *assess v. *assessment n. *assist v. *assistance n. assistant n. *associate v. association n. *assume v. *assumption n. astonish v. astronaut n. astronomer n. astronomy n. at prep. athlete n. *athletic a. Atlantic a. atmosphere n. atom n. attach v. attack v. & n. *attain v. attempt v. & n. *attend v. attention n. attentive attitude n. attract v. *attraction n. attractive a. audience n. [at-(ad-) =to;tract=draw 拉,抽,引] [见上;-ion 名词后缀] [见上;-ive 形容词后缀,……的] [audi, audit = hear 听;-ence 构成名词(构成形容词用-ent) ,表示性质、状态、行为] [tain=enough] [temp=try] [at-(ad)=to 向,tend, tends, tent=stretch 伸→把精神或心思伸向] [见上;tent=tend;-ion 名词后缀] [见上;-ive 形容词后缀,……的] [atmo 气,雾;spher 球,圈,层] [a-=not 不;tom=cut 切,分] [tach=nail] [nomy 学,术,法,治] [ton=sound, tone 声音] [aster, astr=star 星;nav, naut=ship 船→航行者] [soci=companion 伙伴,联合,结合] [soci=companion 伙伴,联合,结合] [sum=take] [as-(ad-)=at 在;sist=stand 站立→站在某人旁边] [见上;-ance 名词后缀] [a-=in 在……中;sleep 睡眠→在睡眠状态中] [a-(ad-)=to,spect=look 看→外观] [as-(ad-)=to, at 在;sess, sid=sit 坐→(法官等在法庭)就座→做判断,估计] [a-=on 在……]

August n. [aug=increase 增加] aunt n. authentic a. author n. authority n.

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庖丁解牛解析词汇

automatic a. *autonomous a. autonomy n. autumn n available a. avenue n. average a. & n. avoid v.

[auto=self 自] [auto=self 自;nom 治理;-ous 形容词后缀] [auto=self 自;nom 治理;-y 名词后缀]

[a-(ad)=to 到;ven, vent=come 来;-ue 名词后缀,表示物→让人们来到某个目标的路]

awake (awoke, awoken) v. & a. award n. aware a. away ad. *awesome a. awful a. *awkward a. [a-=on 在……上;way 路→在路上,不在某地方]

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庖丁解牛解析词汇


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