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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 题库强化练习(新课标专用)Book8 Unit4 Word版含解析


Unit 4
I.单项填空

Pygmalion

1.Finding a girl struggling in the water, he threw himself into the water without________. A.hesitation C.order B.suggestion D.asking
<

br />答案 A [考查名词。without hesitation“毫不犹豫地”。] 2.Teachers prefer to measure our performance________the efforts we make rather than the intelligence we have. A.in addition to C.in honor of B.in terms of D.in response to

答案 B [考查介词短语。句意:老师以我们付出的辛勤劳动衡量我们的表现,而不是 用聪明来衡量我们的表现。 in terms of“就……而论;在……方面”。] 3. The air conditioner in my room isn't working________. Could you send someone to fix it? A.naturally C.fully 答案 D B.completely D.properly [ 考查副词。句意:我房间的空调工作不正常了。能不能找人来修一下?

properly“恰当地,适当地”。] 4.________I'm mistaken, Rio de Janeiro of Brazil was chosen as the host city for the 2016 Olympics. A.As C.Though B.If D.Unless

答案 D [句意:如果我没弄错的话,巴西的里约热内卢被确定为了 2016 年奥运会的 举办城市。unless“如果不,除非”。] 5.They can't be quarrelling now,________they? A.can C.are 答案 C B.may D.will [考查反意疑问句。此处 can 表对现在的推测,因此用 are/is/am 或者 does。此

处用系动词 be,且主语是 they,因此选 are。]

6.—Do you know that man? —Not really, just a nodding________. A.acquaintance C.relation 答案 A B.participant D.frequent [ 考 查 名 词 。 句 意 : “ 你 认 识 那 个 人 吗 ? ”“ 不 确 切 , 只 是 点 头 之

交。”acquaintance“相识,了解”。] 7.Anyone who wants to separate Tibet from our motherland should be________. A.blamed C.accused 答案 B B.condemned D.charged

[condemn“谴责”。句意:任何想把西藏从中国分裂出去的人都应该受到谴责。

blame“责备”;accuse“指控,指责”;charge“控告”。] 8.The interior decoration of the house is a(n)________between Chinese and foreign styles. A.acquaintance C.preparation 答案 D B.adjustment D.compromise

[compromise“ 折 中 ” 。 句 意 : 这 所 房 子 的 内 部 装 潢 是 中 西 式 的 折 中 。

acquaintance“认识”;adjustment“调节”;preparation“准备”。] 9.Tom arrived at school late again, which made him feel awkward and________. A.relaxed C.angry 答案 B B.uncomfortable D.tired [uncomfortable“不舒服的,不自在的”。句意:汤姆再次迟到,使他感到尴尬

不自在。relaxed“放松的”;angry“生气的”;tired“疲劳的”。] 10.He________his country to the enemy and all his friends hated him. A.betrayed C.dismissed B.classified D.pronounced

答案 A [betray“背叛;出卖;对……不忠(+to)”。句意:他向敌人背叛了自己的国家, 因而所有的朋友都憎恨他。classify“将……分类”;dismiss“开除”;pronounce“宣称”。] 11.Children are not allowed to make noise and upset the competitors. If they do, they will be________from the stadium. A.taken apart C.taken back B.taken away D.taken down

答案 B

[take away“带走”。句意:儿童是不允许制造噪音扰乱参赛者的,否则,他们

就会被带离体育馆。其他各项都不合句意。] 12.At last, the sound of the cheering________. A.took away C.moved away 答案 B B.faded away D.broke away

[fade away 在这里指“声音的消失”。 句意: 最后, 欢呼声逐渐消失。 take away“带

走”;move away“搬走”;break away“脱离”。] 13.This watch is______to all the other watches on the market. A.superior C.super B.advantageous D.beneficial

答案 A [be superior to 意为“比……出众,比……好”。] 14.He always brings me a pretty gift________he comes to visit me. A.by the time C.every time 答案 C B.sometimes D.at time

[本题考查名词短语作连词的用法。 空格前后为两个完整的句子, 故缺少连词,

而四个选项中只有 C 项能用作连词。句意:他每次来看我,总是给我带一份精美的礼物。] 15.—You haven't been to Beijing, have you? —________. How I wish to go there again! A.Yes, I have C.No, I have B.Yes, I haven't D.No, I haven't

答案 A [考查前否后肯的反意疑问句的答语。由答语“我真想再去一次”可知,“我已经 去过北京”,所以填 A 项,意思是“不,我已去过”。] II.完形填空 Honesty is the first chapter in the book of wisdom. ——Thomas Jefferson As a high school coach, I did all I could to help my boys win their games. I pushed as hard for__1__as they did. A dramatic incident, __2__, following a game in which I was appointed as a referee(裁判), __3__my views on victories and defeats. I was refereeing a league championship basketball game in New Rochelle, New York, between New Rochelle and Yonkers High. New Rochelle was

coached by Dan O'Brien, Yonkers by Les Beck. The gym was__4__with audience, and the volume of noise made it__5__to hear. The game was well played and__6__contested. Yonkers was__7__by one point as I__8__the clock and discovered there were only 30 seconds left to play. Yonkers,__9__the ball, passed off—shot—missed. New Rochelle recovered—pushed the ball up court—shot. The ball__10__around the rim and off. The fans shouted with disappointment. New Rochelle, the__11__team, recovered the ball, and tapped it in(拨进篮筐)for what looked like victory. The noise of whistles, screams and shouts was__12__. I took a quick look at the clock and saw that the game was over. I hadn't heard the final buzzer(终场哨声) because of the noise. I__13__with the other official, but he could not help me. Still__14__help in this chaos, I approached the timekeeper, a young man of 17 or so. He said, “Mr Covino, the buzzer__15__as the ball rolled off the rim,__16__the tap?in was made.” I was in the unpleasant position of having to tell Coach O'Brien the__17__news. “Dan,” I said, “Yonkers won the game.” His face clouded over. The young timekeeper came up. He said, “I'm sorry, Dad. The time ran out before the final basket.” Suddenly, Coach O'Brien's face__18__. He said, “That's okay, Joe. You did what you had to do. I'm__19__of you.” Turning to me, he said, “Al, I want you to meet my__20__, Joe.” The two of them then walked off the court together, shoulder to shoulder. 文章大意:作为一所学校的教练,“我”会尽一切力量让“我”的学生赢得比赛。但在一次 做教练的过程中,目睹了赛场上所发生的一件事情之后,我改变了对于成功和失败的看法。 1.A.capacity C.victory 答案 C 利”。] 2.A.therefore C.moreover B.however D.thus B.entry D.honesty

[由第一句话可知,我会尽一切力量让我的学生赢得比赛,即我竭力追求“胜

答案 B [第一段讲我以追求胜利为最高准则;第二段讲一件小事改变了我对胜利和失

败的态度。前后是转折关系。所以填 however。] 3.A.changed C.shared 答案 A [见 2 空解释。] 4.A.located C.crowded 答案 C B.equipped D.covered B.held D.conveyd

[be crowded with audience“坐满了观众”。] B.important D.impossible

5.A.evident C.likely 答案 D [人很多,噪音使人几乎听不见。] 6.A.strongly C.successfully 答案 B

B.closely D.amusingly

[由 7 空后知,两队只差一分,是实力相当的比赛。closely“(竞争、选举等)实

力相差无几地”。比如:a closely contested election 实力相差无几的竞选。] 7.A.leading C.scoring B.falling D.losing

答案 A [lead“领先”。此处指 Yonkers 队以一分领先。] 8.A.stared at C.glanced at 答案 C B.glared at D.aimed at

[glance at“一瞥”。符合作为裁判的我在比赛进行时的动作行为。stare at“盯着

看”;glare at“怒视”。] 9.A.in place of C.in face of 答案 B 控制”。] 10.A.rolled C.rocked B.centered D.hung B.in possession of D.in favor of

[由该空后“传球, 投球, 未中”知, 当时 Yonkers 队控球。 in possession of“占有;

答案 A [roll“翻滚;滚动”。此处指球沿篮圈滚动但未进。与该空后的球迷的失望相对 应。15 空后也有提示。] 11.A.winning B.host

C.champion 答案 B

D.guest

[the host team“主队”。由 3 空后内容可知,New Rochelle 队是主队。] B.annoying D.disgusting

12.A.deafening C.disturbing

答案 A [deafening“震耳欲聋的;极喧闹的”。] 13.A.argued C.checked 答案 C B.quarreled D.compromised

[check with sb.“确定;查明;核对”。] B.receiving D.seeking

14.A.claiming C.giving

答案 D [seek help“寻求帮助”。此处指我又找计时员求助,比赛结束了没有。对应 13 空的向另一裁判求助未果。] 15.A.took on C.took off B.went on D.went off

答案 D [go off“(警报器等)突然发出声音”。此处指终场的哨声响了。] 16.A.after C.before 答案 C 无效。] 17.A.sad C.strange B.interesting D.amazing B.instantly D.when

[before“在……之前”。此处指在最后一个进球前,终场哨声已经响了。即进球

答案 A [该进球无效,所以对于 New Rochelle 队的教练来说是悲哀的消息。] 18.A.fixed up C.cleaned up 答案 B [light up“喜形于色;喜气洋洋”。] B.accused D.embarrassed B.lit up D.showed up

19.A.proud C.independent 答案 A [be proud of...“以……为骄傲”。] 20.A.fellow C.son

B.student D.friend

答案 C [由倒数第四段“I'm sorry, Dad.”可知,Coach O'Brien 和计时员之间是父子关 系。] III.阅读理解 If you are researching your family tree, you’re not alone.Genealogy is currently one of the most popular pastimes on the Internet, which is increasingly being used to trace distant relatives.Some of the most popular Web sites deal with thousands of enquiries and emails every month. “The progressive breakdown of traditional family values, economic factors and freedom to travel have all spread families out more widely than was once common, and many relatives have lost touch with each other,” explains Gordon Johnson, an author and genealogy expert.“Most people now interested in genealogy start by looking for family connections a few generations back, or even relatives alive today, and then get hooked on it as a hobby.” Getting started requires little more than knowing who your parents are.Then it’s a simple casw of tracing back your lineage(家族) generation by generation.Although several beginners’ guides can be found online to help,Johnson advises that you make contact with a family history society in the area which your ancestors are from.Many of these publish helpful booklets of local history,gravestone inscriptions (碑文)or census indexes(人口普查索引) One of the most common mistakes made by amateur genealogists is failing to get in touch with living relatives . These relatives can provide vital information on people, dates and places. Relative accounts can be misleading, but they are the most current source of family history available. Other common errors include not knowing the history of the area in which your research is being conducted or assuming that your surname has never been spelled a different way. Another common mistake is for researchers to assume they are the only person researching a particular family line.This is unlikely: any family group spanning several generations will probably contain a few thousand living members.This means that contacting distant cousins can be a timesaving and helpful resource.This is where the Web’s strength lies.As a cheap means of communicating across oceans and time zones, the Net is second to none, and thousands of family hunters log on daily to request help and information in the pursuit of their goal. It is also important that researchers keep careful notes of their information sources.A simple filing(文件归档) system for accessing the data they collect is also vital.This will help to avoid

confusion once the information begins to pile up. A number of specialist programs are available to help with this.If you decide to use one of these programs, shop around and choose the one which most closely matches your needs. The problem with the Internet is that it is a very recent medium.The huge resources it offers only serve to highlight the enormous amounts of vital information that have yet to make it into digital format. For the foreseeable future, it is likely that much of the information you need will be found only in books in libraries or in national and local record offices.The online sources are growing fast, but it will be a long time before they completely replace more traditional methods. 1.Many people have become interested in genealogy _______. A.because of Web sites on the Internet B.because people travel more nowadays C.because they want to make contact with relatives D.because it is an interesting hobby 答案 C 2.The writer suggests that starting to research your family tree ______. A.can be difficult C.is easy 答案 C 3.Many genealogists make the mistake of ______. A.believing everything that their relatives tell them B.not contacting their relatives C.misspelling their relatives’ names D.ignoring very important information 答案 B 4.The writer thinks that it is unlikely that _______. A.only one person is researching a particular family line B.any family group will have lots of living members C.any family group will have few family members D.contacting distant cousins is timesaving 答案 A B.is best done by speaking to your parents D.should begin by using the Internet

5.Which of these problems with the Internet is mentioned by the writer? A.It contains too much information. B.It is hard to keep up with new developments on the Internet. C.Lots of information still isn’t available on the Internet. D.Many libraries and record offices don't have Web sites. 答案 C 6.In general, the writer feels that the Internet ______. A.will soon be the most popular way of researching your family tree B.contains a large amount of information for researchers C.has become the best way of tracing your family tree D.will eventually take the place of more traditional methods of research 答案 D IV.书面表达 假如你是 David,你的朋友 Linda 最近很烦,因为父母对他要求很严格,整天让他学习, 禁止他做自己想干的事情,比如上网、和朋友玩等,请你给他写封信,对他进行心理疏导, 并提出一些建议。应包括以下要点: 1.简述自己的类似的经历; 2.提出至少两条建议; 3.词数 120 左右(开头已为你写好,但不计入总词数)。 Dear Linda, I can understand how you feel. When I was young, ___________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

[思路点拨] 这是一篇应用文, 要求根据提示进行写作。 写作的关键是介绍自己的经历以及提出建议。 写作时要注意格式,并适当增加细节,使文章连贯、完整。 【范文】 Dear_Linda, I_can_understand_how_you_feel._When_I_was_young,_I had the same experience with you. But after I talked to my parents, we had a better understanding of each other. So try to communicate with your parents to let them know that you are wise enough to manage your own business well. To understand them better, always put yourself in their position. Don't you think that all parents in the world love their children even though they are sometimes strict? If you can deal with your time and money wisely, I am sure that your parents will trust you and let you enjoy more freedom. By the way, it's understandable that your parents ask you to put your studies in the first place. I hope my advice is of some help to you. Yours, David


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