What is a summary? A summary is a shortened version of the original. The main purpose of such a simplification is to highlight the major points from the original subject, e.g. a text, a film
or an event. The target is to help the audience get the gist (main points) in a short period of time.
1. 无 法 抓 住 a.仔细阅读全文； 短文要点 b.找出关键词（句）; 2. 无法摆脱 c.理清关键词（句）间的关系 原文句子 d.借助关键词，用自己的语言 恰当地概括要点。
d. 借助关键词，用自己的语言恰当 地概括要点。
How to write in your own words
Some tips for writing in your own words:
1.Use the synonyms(同义词)
2.Change the sentence structure(结构) 3.Change the voice(语态) of the sentence
How to write a summary
1. Read the text 2. Outline the structure of the passage. 3. Underline important ideas and key words. 4. Organize the main ideas in your own words. 5. Check that your summary reflects the original conclusion.
To sum up: To sum up:
What do you usually do in writing a summary? 1. focus on main ideas and omit(省去) examples, details, and minor supports. 2. The summary should be in your own words. 3. Do not include your own opinion in the summary
注意: 1.人称: 第三人称概括 ( the author, the passage/ text/ story/ news…)
2. 第一句时态: 一般使用一般现 在时 the passage tells us
Summary第一句的常用句型: 1.From his own experience of …, the writer draws a conclusion that…（记叙文） 2.The author described his experience of …, which started his thinking that…(记叙文) 3.The text/article/passage mainly tells us about…/ tells us that…(议论文) 4.The author says/argues /points out that … （议论文） 5.The author holds the belief/opinion that… （议论文）
6. The passage mainly introduces that…(说明文)
Things to keep in mind
? Don’t panic. Believe in yourself! ? Keep major conclusions and leave out minor facts. ? Arrange main points in your own words ? Use indirect speeches. ? Avoid description. ? Be objective.