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Either-or-与Neither-nor-的用法区别


南京师范大学
赵静

? Either ---or--? Neither---nor---

? either : 指两者中的任

? neither: 指两者中没有

意一个。 一个,全否定。 ? either...or...意为"或 ? neither...nor...表示

"既 者……或者……;不 不……也不……"。其 是……就是……"之意。 含义是否定的,可连接 任意两个并列的成份。 表示两者之一,连接句 子中两个并列的成分

? Bent: Hi Sam, what do you think? We can

go to the We can go to the tomb either today or tomorrow. go tomb today. We can also there tomorrow. ? Sam: Let’s go tomorrow. The students are One complained that the all too tired today. One room was neither neither clean nor very comfortable. complained that the room was not clean and not comfortable.

? Ben: Well, I think the rooms are very clean Did you notice that neither Marco nor and comfortable, Peter Icome to the talk? in and slept very well

mine. Did you notice that Marco and Peter did not come to the talk? ? Sam: I suppose they were tired, but that’s not a very good excuse. Well, after visiting the ruins tomorrow, we can then relax. Dragon go We can either go to the We can to the Dragon Restaurant. The Phoenix Restaurant or the Phoenix Restaurant. Restaurant is also very good.

Either ---or--? Either you or I can go there tomorrow.

subject ? I either stay at home or go shopping. verb ? We could choose to eat either noodles or rice . object ? They are going there either by train or by air. adverbial

Neither---nor--Neither you nor I can go there tomorrow. subject I neither stay at home nor go shopping. verb We could choose to eat neither noodles nor rice . object They are going there neither by train nor by air. adverbial

Try to correct the following mistakes if any
? When the girl is happy, she either sings or dances.
are

? Either my uncle or my parents is going there

?
? ? ?

tomorrow. Neither they nor she is neither at drawing. good He does not do it, either does he try. Either of the films is good. There were trees and flowers on either side of the street.

? If you don’t go to the party, I don’t too.
? Both dad and mum is at home today.
are

eithe r

? Are either you or I going there tomorrow?

? Neither of his cats has been fed.
? Both he and I are right.

? Either
? 用于句末,表示否定的

? Neither
? 用于句首,表示否定的

“也”,类似too ? Either +noun ? Either of +noun
? Either---or--? 就近原则

“也”,倒装(nor) ? Neither+ noun ? Neither of +noun
? Neither---nor--? 就近原则

Try to distinguish--? Neither teacher often answers the questions.
? 这两个老师,没有一个经常解答问题。 ? Either teacher often answers the questions.

? 这两个老师中有一们常常解答问题。

? I don‘t know both his teachers.
? 他的两位老师我并非都认识。(半否定) ? I know neither his teachers.

? 他的老师我都不认识。(全否定)

Sentence transformation
1.Jim doesn‘t like football. Tom doesn‘t like football, either. =Jim doesn‘t like football. Neither (nor) does Tom. =Neither Jim nor Tom likes football. 2.He can‘t speak either Japanese or Chinese . =He can speak neither Japanese nor Chinese.

???

? Either you or he has lunch at school.
? 其一般疑问句应为: ? Do either you or he have lunch at school? 是

你还是他在学校吃午饭?

? both… and…, too, so用于肯定句与

neither … nor…, either, neither (nor) 是相反的
?Susan likes playing the violin.
?Shirley likes playing it, too. ?=Susan likes playing the violin, so does

Shirley. ?=Both Susan and Shirley like playing the violin.

巩固练习:
? ? ? ?

? ? ? ? ?
? ? ? ?

1. —Can I park my car here? —Yes,you can park on ( ) side of the street.(苏州市) A. either B. neither C. both D. all 2. We asked John and Henry some easy questions,but ( ) of them could answer them.(上海市) A. none B. both C. all D. neither 3. —Which is more useful, biology or chemistry? —I think ( ) them are useful.(广州市) A. either of B. none of C. both of D. all of 4.( ) Lily ( ) Lucy may go with you because one of them must stay at home.(吉林省) A. Not only;but also B. Neither;nor C. Both;and D. Either;or 参考答案: 1. A2. D3. C 4. D


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