高中英语必修 2（人教新课标）Unit 5 Music 知识点总结
一、重点词汇 词义辨析：above all/after all/in all/at all/first of all
above all after all in all at all first of
最重要的是，尤其是 毕竟 总共 用于否定句，表示“一点也不” 第一，首先
What a child should do, above all, is to do well in his studies. 小孩子该做的最重要的事是学好功课。 Don't get discouraged by setbacks, we are new to the work after all. 别因挫折而灰心，这工作对我们来说毕竟还是陌生的。 There are fifteen books on the first shelf, twenty-one on the second, and that makes thirty-six in all. 书架的第一层有 15 本书，第二层有 21 本，总共是 36 本。 To try and fail is better than not to try at all. 尝试而失败也比不尝试好。 First of all, you should know what profession suits you. 首先，你该知道什么职业适合你。
pretend vt. 假装；假扮
1. pretend to do sth.：假装做某事 2. pretend to be doing sth.：假装正在做某事 The children pretend to be different animals dancing to the music. 孩子们扮成不同的动物，随着音乐起舞。 The students pretend to be reading books when the teacher passes by. 老师经过的时候，学生假装在读书。
earn vt. 赚；挣得；获得
1. earn money/respect：赚钱/赢得尊重 2. earn one’s/a living：谋生 3. earn sb. sth.：为某人赢得/获得… Your education will equip you to earn a good living. 你所受的教育会使你过上富裕的生活。 A modest person will earn more respect from others. 谦虚的人更能赢得别人的尊敬。
familiar adj. 熟悉的；常见的；亲近的
1. be/get familiar with：熟悉… 2. be familiar to sb.：对某人来说是熟悉的 We won't go wrong, because I'm quite familiar with the streets here. 我们不会走错路的，因为我对这儿的街道非常熟悉。 His name seems familiar to me. 他的名字我好像熟悉。
1. attach importance to…：重视… 2. be attached to sth.：附属于…，被贴在…上 Attach the label to your luggage. 把标签贴(系)在你的行李上。 We should attach primary importance to the development of economy. 我们要把发展经济的工作放在第一位。 At one time the schools were mainly attached to the church. 这些学校曾一度归教会主管。
break up ：打碎；分裂；解体；分手
The ship broke up on the rocks. 船触礁撞毁了。 The police broke up the crowd. 警察驱散了人群。 Their marriage is breaking up. 他们的婚姻濒临破裂。
My girlfriend had broken up with me. 我的女朋友已跟我分手了。 拓展：break 短语 1. break down （车）抛锚；（身体）垮掉，（精神）崩溃；分解 2. break out （战争等）爆发 3. break into 强行闯入
If you can't pay for the house in cash, you can buy it on installment. 如果你不能用现金购房，也可以分期付款。 拓展： by cheque/check：用支票付款
to be honest：说实在地；实话说（=to be frank）
To be honest, I don't think we have a chance of winning. 说实话，我认为我们没有获胜的可能。
play jokes on：戏弄某人（=play tricks on）
He likes playing jokes on his classmates. 他喜欢拿他的同学开玩笑。
rely on：依赖；依靠（=depend on）
It would be better to rely on ourselves than on others. 与其求人，何如求己。 拓展： 1. rely on sb. to do sth.：指望/依靠某人做某事 2. rely on sb. for sth.：指望/依靠某人做某事/得到某物
or so ：大约
We just sat and talked for half an hour or so. 我们只是坐了一会，聊了大约半小时。
You need money and time, in addition, you need diligence. 你需要金钱和时间，此外你还需要努力。 拓展：
in addition to：除…以外（= besides/ apart from） In addition to his salary, he has a bonus of 25 yuan per month. 除工资外，他每月还有二十五元钱奖金。
We must sort out the good apples from the bad ones. 我们必须把好的苹果与坏的分开。
be confident about/of：对…有信心
The teacher encourages the children to be confident about asking questions when they don't understand. 教师鼓励孩子们遇到不懂的问题就大胆提问。 拓展： 1. self-confident adj. 自信的 2. confidence n.信心 have confidence in：对…有信心 lose confidence in ：对…没信心，对…失去信心 3. self-confidence n. 自信心
He can perform an astonishing variety of acts, including mime and juggling. 他能表演好几种令人惊叹的把戏，包括哑剧和玩杂耍。 It is the obligation of citizens to perform military service. 服兵役是每个公民的义务。 拓展： 1. performance n. 表演，表现 put on a performance/ performances 演出；进行表演 2. performer n.表演者
fame n.名声 devotion n. 献身，奉献 instrument n. 乐器，器械 extra adj. 额外的
excitement n. 激动，兴奋 overnight adv. 一夜之间 dip vt. 蘸 afterwards adv. 随后 invitation n. 邀请 humorous adj. 幽默的 broadcast n. vi. & vt.广播，播放 brief adj. n. 简要地 briefly adv. 简要地（=in brief） painful adj. 痛苦的 reunite vt. 再统一 attractive adj. 吸引人的\ sensitive adj.敏感的，容易受伤的 form vt.（使）组成；形成；构成 dream of 梦见，梦想
二、重点句型 Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at which everyone is clapping and appreciating your music?
解析：本句主干是“Have you ever dreamed of playing”；“in front of thousands of people”和“at a concert” 都是表示 地点；“at which everyone…”是一个定语从句，修饰前面的 concert。 翻译：你有没有梦想过在数万人面前开演唱会？在演唱会上每个人都在给你鼓掌、欣赏你的音乐。 拓展：“介词+关系词”在写作中的应用也非常广泛，适当使用可以提高语言质量，例如： This is an unforgettable experience. I learnt a lot from it. This is an unforgettable experience, from which I learnt a lot.
Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments.
解析：本句主干是“Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway”；“so that they can earn some
extra money for themselves”是一个目的状语从句；“to pay for their instruments” 也是表示目的，这两个目 的之间用 or 来连接。 翻译：有时候他们会在街上或者地铁里向路人演奏，这样他们能为自己挣点外快或者是为了买乐器。
The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles.
解析：本句主干是“The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music”，其中 as well as 连接的 是 play jokes 和 play music；“most of which was based loosely on the Beatles”是一个定语从句，修饰前 面的 music。 翻译：这些音乐家会互相开玩笑，也会演奏音乐，他们所演奏的音乐大部分都是基于披头士乐队的。
They put an advertisement in a newspaper looking for rock musicians, but they could only find one who was good enough.
解析：本句主干是“They put an advertisement in a newspaper，but they could only find one”，是由 but 连接的一个 并列句；“looking for rock musicians”是现在分词短语作定语，修饰前面的 musicians；“who was good enough”是一个 定语从句，修饰前面的 one。 翻译：他们在报纸上刊登广告招募摇滚歌手，但是最终只找到一个合适的。
However, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band.
解析：本句主干是“the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs”；“after a year or so…work”表 示时间，其 中的“in which they became more serious about their work”是一个定语从句，修饰前面的 year；“like a real band”是一 个介词短语，表示方式。 翻译：但是，大约一年之后，门基乐团开始像一支真正的乐队一样开始演奏自己的歌曲，在这一年里，他 们对自己 的工作更加认真了。
why=for+which when=on/in/during 等时间介词+which where=on/in/above 等地点介词+which 如: I don't know the reason why he didn't come.(for which) I can’t forget the days when we visited Dalian.(during/in which) Keep the books in a place where you can find them easily. (in which) 2. 根据从句中动词或者形容词固定搭配来确定介词； He is the man on whom I think you can depend.(depend on) He referred to some reference books with which I am not very familiar. (be familiar with) 注意：从句中若是固定的动词短语时，介词不能提前。如：look for/after/forward to,care for,take care of,hear of/about/from 等。 如：The girl whom he is looking after is his sister.(after 不可提前) 3. 根据先行词与介词的搭配习惯来确定介词; The rate at which wild animals are being destroyed has increased.(at the rate of) 4. 根据从句中动词与先行词的逻辑关系来确定介词； He made a hole in the wall, through which he could see what was going on outside the house. (see through the wall) The librarian with whom I just shook hands works heart and soul.(shook hands with the librarian)
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