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非谓语动词练习题及参考答案(含详解)


高三英语试题:非谓语动词练习题及参考答案(含详解) . 1 . The headmaster wanted the new classroom building___as soon as possible. A.to put up C.to have been put up B.to be put up D.being put up

2 . At the shopping - centre , he didn’t know what____and____with an empty bag. A.to buy;leave C.to buy;left B.to be bought D.was so buy;leave

3.The policeman put down the phone,____with a smile on his face. A.satisfied D.having satisfied 4.____,your composition is full of mistakes. A. Writing carelessly C . Having written carelessly carelessly 5.She made a candle_____us light. A.give B.gave C.to give D.given B. Written carelessly D . Being written B.satisfying C.to be satisfied

6.The stranger you saw_____with a big travelling- bag stayed in Room 104 yesterday.

A.to come in D.who came in

B.come in

C.has come in

7.——What do you suppose made her worried? ——_____a gold ring. A.Lose of losing 8.He felt a stone____his back. A.hitting B.hit C.hitted D.to hit B.Lost C.Losing D.Because

9. I know it’s not important, but I can’t help_____about it. A. to think thought 10._____several times, the young scientist still kept on making his experi-ments. A.Having been failed C.Though failed B.Having failed D.Because of failure B. and think C. thinking D. being

11.In Australia,he made a lot of friends____a very practical knowledge of the English language. A.get B.to get C.getting D.got

12.——What did you mean by saying that? ——I mean no harm.I only____.

A. meant heping D.want helping

B. want to help

C. meant of help

13.I never expected the shoes_____. A. wearing out out B. to be worn out C. to have worn

D.being worn out 14.You must learn_____. A.that your time needs a wise use B.how to make

lest of your time C. to make wise use of your time use your time 15 . _____is better_____one’s life than_____one’s spirit. A. That; lost; you lose lose C. This ; losing ; losing to lose 16. Peter wanted his TV______,but his wife would rather have it______off. A. fixed; thrown C.fixed ; throwing B. to be fixed ; be thrown D.fixing ; throwing D. It; to lose ; B. It; to lose; D. wise ways to

17. _____the news of his father's death, he burst into tears.

A. After hearing heard

B. On hearing

C. Having

D. While hearing

18. Most of the artists______to the party were from South Africa. A. invited D. had been invited 19. Tom kept quiet about the accident_______lose his job. A. so not as to to not B. so as not to C. so as B. to invite C . being invited

D. not so as to 20 . She searched the top of the hill and

stopped______on a big rock by the side of the path. A. to have rested D. rest 21. Last summer I took a course on_______. A. how to make dress made C. how to be made dress made 22. The secretary worded late into the night, ______a long speech for the president. D. how dress to be B. how dress be B. resting C. to rest

A. to prepare D. was preparing

B. preparing

C. prepared

23. She's upstairs_______letters. A . writes D. writing 24. The speaker raised his voice but still couldn't make himself______. A. D. heard 25 . The murderer was brought in , with his hands______behind his back. A. being tied D. tied 26. On Saturday afternoon, Mr Green went to the market,_____some ba-nanas and visited his cousin . A. bought B. buying C. to buy D. buy B. having tied C. to be tied hear B. to hear C. hearing B . is writing C . write

27. Jane was made______the truck for a week as a punishment. A . to wash D. to be washing 28 . Mr Smith warned his daughter _____after drinking. B . washing C . wash

A.

never to drive

B.

to never drive

C. never driving

D. never drive

29. ——The light in the office is still on. ——Oh, I forgot _______. A. turning it off D. having turned it off 30. I can hardly imagine Peter ______across the Atlantic Ocean in five days. A. sail have sailed 31. ——Shall we go skating or stay at home? ——Which____do yourself? A. do you rather C. will you rather B. would you rather D. should you rather B. to sail C. sailing D. to B. turn it off C. to turn it off

32. ____a reply, he decided to write again. A. Not receiving C. Not having received B. Receiving not D. Having not received

33. The salesman scolded the girl caught______and let her off. A. to have stolen C. to steal B. to be stealing D. stealing

34. Little Jim should love_____to the theatre this evening. A. to be taken D. taking 35. ——I usually go there by train. ——Why not____by boat for a change? A. to try going and go D. try going B. trying to go C. to try B. to take C. being taken

36. I would appreciate______back this afternoon. A. you to call D. you're calling 37. _____is a good form of exercise for both young and old. A . The walk D. Walk 38. "Can't you read?"Mary said_____to the notice. A. angrily pointing C. angrily pointed B. and point angrily D. an angrily pointing B . Walking C . To walk B. you call C. your calling

39. The computer centre,______last year, is very popular among the students in this school. A. open D. opened B. opening C.having opened

40 .

Charles

Babbage

is

generally

considered______the first computer. A. to invent invented B. inventing C. to have

D. having invented

41. How about the two of us_____a walk down the garden? A. to take be taking 42. ______down the radio —the baby's asleep in the next room. A . Turning D. Turn 43. The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with his talks,______that he had enjoyed his stay here. A. having added D. added 44. The first textbooks ______for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. A. having written D.written B. to be written B. to add C. adding B . To turn C . Turned B. take C. taking D. to

C. being written

45. She set out soon after dark _____ home an hour later.

A . arriving arrived

B . to arrive

C . having

D. and arrived

46. The missing boys were last seen ______near the river. A. playing D. to play 47 . Rather than ______ on a crowded bus , he always prefers ______ a bicy-cle. A. ride; ride to ride B. riding ; ride C. ride ; B. to be playing C. play

D. to ride; riding

48. ——I must apologize for _____ ahead to time. —— That's all right. A. letting you not know C. letting you know not B. not letting you know D. letting not you know

49. Paul doesn't have to be made _____. He always works hard. A . learn D. learning 50 . We agreed _____here but so far she hasn't turned up yet. A. having met D. to have met B. meeting C. to meet B . to learn C . learned

51. ——You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting. ——Well,now I regret ______that. A. to do D. having done 52. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street , but his mother told him _____. A . not to D. do not to 53. ______in thought, he almost ran into the car in front of him. A . Losing D. To lose 54. The patient was warned _____oily food after the operation. A . to eat not D. having gone 55. I would love _____to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A . to go B . to have gone C . going B . eating not C . going B . Having lost C . Lost B . not to do C . not do it B. to be doing C. to have done

D. to be first playing

56. The Olympic Games, ______in 776 B. C. , did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing C. first played B. to be first played D. to be first playing

57. _____is know to all, China will be an_____and powerful country in 20 or 30 years' time. A. That;advancing C. As; advanced B. This;advanced D. It ; advancing

58. ——Do you feel like _____there or shall we take a bus? ——I'd like to walk. But since there isn't much time left. I 'd rather we _____a taxi. A. walking; hire walk ; hired B. to walk; hire C. to

D. walking; hired

【试题解析】 1、选 B。want 一词表示“打算,想要”,通常构成 want to do 与 want sb. /sth. to do 两种形式,因为 building 与 put up 之间逻辑上是被动关系,故 want 复合宾语中的不定 式使用了被动式。 该句的含义是“校长打算让这座新教学楼尽 快建成”。 2、选 C。注意该题中 buy 和 leave 不是两个并列动作, 而是说 “他在购物中的不知道该买什么,就带着空兜子离开

了”。What to buy 作 didn't know 的宾语,left 与 didn't know 并列。 3、选 A。satisfy 意为“满……,使……满意”,既然人作 了主语则用它的过去分词形式作状语。 该句的含义是“警察放 下了电话,脸上露出满意的笑容”。 4、选 B。该句主语 your composition 是 write 这一动作 的承受者,故 write 应用过去分词。该句的含义为“因为写的 太粗心了,你的作文到处是错误”。该句中过去分词短语作状 语, 相当于 Your composition is full of mistakes because it is written carelessly. 5、选 C。不定式 to give us light 作目的状语。该句的含 义是“她做了一个蜡烛来照明”。 6、选 B。 7、选 C。该题的前者问“你认为什么使他着急?”该题的 答句是个省略句,这部分应在句中充当主语,故用名词或动 名词。该句的完整形式是: Losing a gold ring made her worried(丢失一枚金戒子使她着急),故 C 为正确答案。 8、选 B。该句中 feel 后面接的是一个宾语从句。hit 应 使用一般过去时,又因为 hit 过去式与原形相同,故 B 为正 确答案。该句的含义是“他感到有块石头打在他后背上”。

9、选 C。can't help doing sth. 意为“忍不住,禁不住 做某事”。该句的含义为“我知道这并不重要,但我忍不住总 去想它”。 10、选 B。 11、选 B。该句的含义是“在澳大利亚他交了许多朋友, 学到了英语语言的实用知识”。不定式 to get a very practical knowledge of the English language 在该句中作结果状语。 12、选 C。高中学生应该知道 mean 的两个常见词义。 该题问句中的 mean 表示“意思……,含……意思”,后面要 接名词或动名词,答句中的 mean 表示“意欲,意指,企图”, 后面要接不定式。该句的含义是 “你那么说什么意思?”“我没 有什么恶意,我只是想帮忙”。再如: I'm sorry. I didn't mean to hurt her. 对不起,我没想 伤害她(但事实上已造了伤害)。 13、选 B。expect 意为“预料,想到”,常形成 expect sb./sth.to do 结构,因为 shoes 与 wear our 为被动关系, 所以作为宾语补足语的不定式要用被动形式。该句的含义是 “我没想到这双鞋会穿破”。 14、选 C。learn to do sth. 意为“学会做某事”。该句 的含义为“你必须学会聪明地利用时间”。make use of 意为 “利用,使用”。

15、选 D。该句中 it 作形式主语,to lose one's life 不 仅作 it 的真正主语,而且与 to lose one's spirit 并列。该句 的含义是一个人失去生命总比失去灵魂强”。 16、选 A。 17、选 B。On hearing the news of his father's death… 意为 As soon as he heard the news of his father's death…。 该题也可以用现在分词的一般式 hearing 作状语,但不可以 用现在分词的完成式(C 项),因为“他突然哭了”这一动作 与“听到爸爸去世”这一动作几乎是同时发生的。 18、选 A。句中的 Most of the artists 与 invite 之间为被 动关系,而且表示的是完成的动作,所以答案应选择 A。句 子的意思是:“应邀参加晚会的大多数艺术家均来自于南非。 过去分词 invited 在句子中作定语, 其作用相当于 Most of the artists that were invited to the party were from South Africa. 19、选 B。so as to 相当于 in order to,它的否定式应 放在不定式 to 之前。注意:so as to 不用于句首。 20、选 C。stop to do sth. =stop and do sth.是停下 来正在做的事而去做另一件事。stop doing 是停止做某事。 21、选 A。疑问词 how 加不定式,可作介词的宾语。

22、选 B。用现在分词作伴随状语。A 项是不定式,可 以做目的状语,但目的状语前不用逗号。C、D 项属语法错 误。 23、选 D 24、选 D。make oneself done 是惯用法。在本句中的 意思是:“使自己的声音被别人听到。” 25、选 D。在 with 结构中,hands 与 tie 之间的关系是 被动关系,故排除 B 项。tied 不仅表示被动,还表示动作已 完成,故排除 A、C 项。 26、选 A。 27、选 A。make sb. do 这一句型变成被动语态时为: be made to do sth. 28、选 A。warn sb. not(never) to do sth.是惯用 法。 29、选 C。forget to do sth. 是“忘记去做某事”。forget 与 remember 的用法类似。 30、选 C。 imagine 后接动名词作宾语。Peter 是 sailing 的逻辑主语,也可写成 Peter's,它们合起来称为动名词的复 合结构。 31、答案选 B。would rather do sth. 是惯用法,变问 句时,把 would 提前。

32、 选 C。 receive 与主句的主语 he 之间有逻辑上的主 谓关系。故用现在分词,但主句中的 again 又暗示考生,分 词的动作发生在主句谓语动词之前,因此用现在分词的完成 式。not 必须置于分词之前。此句可理解为: As/Since he hadn't received a reply, he decided to write again. 33、选 D。考生如果掌握 catch sb. doing(发现某人 正在做某事)这一短语,便可知 girl 与 catch 之间是被动关 系,因此用 catch 的过去分词形式作后置定语,相当于 a girl who was caught stealing. 34、选 A。should love to=would like to,句子 Jim 与 take 之间是被动关系。 35、选 D。抓住原题中的 for a change 便知 why not + do 表示一种建议, 而 try to do 是“尽力设法做某事, try doing 是“试着做”。 36、选 C。appreciate 需要动名词作宾语,your calling 是动名词的复合结构。 37、选 B。动名词作主语通常表示习惯性、泛指经常性、 不具体的动作。而不定式作主语则表示一次性、特指、未来、 具体的动作。原题中的 a good form 又暗示考生,这个动作 是泛指的,经常性的。 38、选 A。“生气地”是用来说明说话时的表情,应放在 被修饰词 said 的后面,选 A 或 C; “指着”这一动作的逻辑

主语是 Mary, 应该用现在分词作伴随状语。 全句意思是: “你 不会看吗?”玛丽指着布告生气地说。 39、选 D。opened 是过去分词作非限定性定语,与先 行词 the computer cen-tre 之间是被动关系,相当于 which was opened last year,意思是:“去年开业的”。 40、选 C。 41、选 C。what/how about +doing sth.是“做某事怎 样”,而 the two of us 是动名词的逻辑主语,它们合起来构 成动名词的复合结构。 42、选 D。这是一个祈使句,意思是:“请把收音机的音 量调小些。”原题中的破折号相当于一个连接词 for,说明音 量调小的原因。 43、选 C。现在分词作伴随状语。句子的意思是:“来访 的部长对其双方会谈的结果表示满意,并补充到在逗留期间 感到很愉快。” 44、选 D。“课本”被“写出”,此空白应该用表示被动的非 谓语动词作定语,可排除 A; to be written 表示即将发生, 与题意不符;being written 强调正在进行时,与题意不符; written 表示已完成的动作。全句的意思是:“把英语作为外 语来教的第一批课本,是在十六世纪出版的。” 45、选 D。 46、选 A。

47、选 C。prefer 后可接不定式,也可接动名词,接动 词不定式时通常与 rather than 连用,表示否定。故该题的正 确答案为 C。即正常语序是:He al-ways prefers to ride a bicycle rather than ride on a crowded bus.该句还可以这样 来表达:He always prefers riding a bicycle to riding on a crowed bus.即 prefer 后接动名词时,常与介词 to 连用, 表示否定,意为:“喜欢做……而不喜欢做……。” 48、选 B。letting 是现在分词短语作介词 for 的宾语, 且否定时,not 置于动名词之前。 49、选 B。 50、选 C。 51、选 D。regret 后接不定式表示没有发生的动作;接 动名词则表示后悔做过某事。根据题意:“后悔提出了反对意 见”,故答案选动名词的完成时。 52、选 A。 53、选 C。句中的主语 he 和 lose 之间为被动关系。所 以应用过去分词短语作状语。 54、选 C。 55、选 B。would love to have done 表示“本想去做,而 没做”。从下文“but I had to work extra hours to finish a report”可知事情没有做。 56、选 C。

57、选 C。 58、选 D。该题问句中的 feel like doing sth. 表示“愿 意,打算”,like 为介词;答句中 would rather 后面接的宾语 从句中谓语动词要用一般过去时。 该句的含义是“你愿意步行 去还是乘车?”“我想步行去,但既然没有多少时间了,我们就 叫辆出租车吧。”


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