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【北师大版】2014届高三英语一轮复习精品课件:模块 1 (全套)


高中英语

模块1

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Lifestyles Celebration

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

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Lifestyles

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佳 作 晨 ? 读

学生会做了一个关于中学生睡眠、 饮食和休闲等生活习惯的调查,发现学生 最常见的不良生活习惯有:晚上熬夜;不 吃早餐上学,常吃方便面;长时间上网聊 QQ和玩游戏。请根据以上信息写一篇不少 于120词的短文,要求: ? 1.简述这些坏习惯可能产生的不良影响; ? 2.呼吁广大中学生培养健康的睡眠、饮食 和休闲的习惯; ? 3.文章开头已给出,不计入总词数。 返回目录

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佳 作 晨 读

—— 精 彩 美 文 —— Let's develop a healthy lifestyle According to a survey among middle school students, many students have the following bad habits: staying up late into the night; going to school without breakfast and often eating instant noodles; spending much time chatting on QQ or playing computer games.

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佳 As we know, if you often stay up late at night, you will 作 晨 feel tired and sleepy during the daytime and cannot 读 concentrate in class. Going to school without breakfast or
eating instant noodles instead of meals will cause a lack of nutrition. Spending too much time on QQ or computer games will do harm to your eyes.

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佳 In terms of study and health, we should develop a 作 晨 healthy lifestyle. Firstly, go to bed a bit earlier instead of 读 staying up late. Secondly, keep a balanced diet to build up
our bodies. Thirdly, don't spend too much time on the Internet. Actually, there are varieties of activities for us to relax ourselves, such as doing sports or listening to music.

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 1.行文逻辑:提出问题→分析问题(不良影响)→解决 晨 读 问题(呼吁广大中学生培养健康的睡眠、饮食和休闲的习
惯)。较好地使用了连接词,如:Firstly, Secondly, Thirdly 等。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇和短语。如: concentrate, a lack of, do harm to, In terms of, develop, keep a balanced diet, build up, actually等。

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佳 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。首 作 晨 先体现在非谓语动词的使用上,比如文章使用了多个 ing形式和动词不定式结构。其次是主从复合句的使用: 读 v.As we know, if you often stay up late at night, you will feel tired and sleepy (定语从句,主句中使用了if引导的条件状 语从句);再次,祈使句(keep a balanced diet to build up our bodies)和there be 句型(there are varieties of activities for us to relax ourselves)的灵活使用也是本文的一大亮点。

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 peaceful 基 1.________ adj.轻松的,放松的→________ peacefully ? 础 urgent urgency v.放松 梳 ? 理 2._______ adj.平静的;和平的→_______ voluntary volunteer n.和平→_________ adv.安静地,安详地 ? 3.________ adj. 急迫的,紧急的 organise organisation →________ n. 紧迫,急迫 ? 4.________ n. 志愿者 v. 志愿做→________ adj. 志愿的,主动的
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relaxing

relax peace

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preference

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? 6.________ vt. 更喜欢;宁愿→__________ support 基 n.偏好 supportive supporter 础 advertise ? 7.________ vi. 毕业→_________ n.毕业 advertisement 梳 accountant account ? 理 8.________ vt. & n.支持;支撑 ? →__________ adj. 支持的→ ________n.支持者 ? 9.________ v.广告→____________ n.广 告 ? 10._________ n.会计,会计师
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graduation

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? ? 基? 础 ? 梳 理? ? ? ? ? ?

Ⅱ.短语检测 switch/turn on 1.把开关打开;接通________________ distance learning 2.远 程 学习_______________ switch over at the moment 3.转换频道,转变_______________ over the years 4.此刻,目前__________________ go off 5.数年间_______________ take up suffer from 6.(铃、爆竹等)响 _______________ play an important part/role in… 7.占据(时间或空间) _______________ be filled with 8.忍受,遭受 _______________ 9.在??方面起重要的作用 返回目录

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.特殊疑问词(+其他)+do you think+陈 do you think 基 述句 础? What kind of lifestyles 梳 without ________________ the people have? 你认为 couldn't 理 人们过什么样的生活? ? 2.not…without 引导的双重否定句 ? Of course, I __________ live this lifestyle __________ a good wife. ? 当然,如果没有一个好妻子,我不可 能过这样的生活。 返回目录

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? 3.It takes sb. some time to do sth.做某事花 去某人多长时间。 It takes ________________ me less than fifteen 基? 础 minutes to wash, get changed,have breakfast, 梳 leave home and get on a bus. 理 ? 我从洗漱、更衣、吃早饭、离家到坐 上公共汽车用不到15分钟的时间。 ?

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? 4.the+序数词+名词+to do sth. ? 第??个做??的?? to the first person to get ? 基? I am always ? 础 ________________________ the office. ? 梳 so crowded that ? 我总是第一个到达办公室的人。 ? 理 ? 5.so…that…如此??以至于?? ? Usually, it is ______________ I can't find anywhere to sit. ? 通常地铁很拥挤,我找不到座位。 ?
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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 series n.(several events or actions of the same kind that happen one after the other)系列节目;系列 a series of 一连串的;一系列的 a TV series 一部电视连续剧 in series 连续地;一系列地 考 【知识拓展】 点 单复数同形的其他常见词还有: 探 means(方法),sheep(绵羊),fish(鱼),works(工厂), 析 species(物种),deer(鹿),aircraft(航空器), Chinese (中国人),Japanese(日本人)
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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读D] For those who make journeys across the world, the speed of travel today has turned the countries into a series of villages. 对于那些环球旅行的人们来说,今天的旅游速度已 经把国家变成了一系列的村庄。 a series of white arrows (2)He saw ____________________ painted on the road. 他看见路上画有一连串白色的箭头。

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TV series (3)The ____________________ The Youth in Beijing, which is a hit this year, appeals to me very much. 电视剧《北京青年》是今年的热播剧,对我非常有 吸引力。 (4)Every means________ tried to save the endangered species. A.were B.has been C.have been D.Had [解析] B 考查主谓一致。means是单复数同形, 其前面的every说明它此时是单数,故答案选B。

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switch vt. (to change from one thing to another, usually suddenly)转换,转变;改变,变化 n.开关, 闸;转换器;变化 switch off 关上(电灯、电视等) switch on 打开(电灯、电视等) switch from…to… 从??转变为?? switch over (to) 转换频道;转变

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【活学活用】 (1)Perhaps she switched her mobile off in the cinema and forgot to switch it back on again. 也许她在电影院里把手机关了,(后来)忘了再开机。 switch (2)Which __________ do you think I should press if I want to turn the light off ? 如果我想把灯关了,你认为我应该按哪个开关? switched on (3)He wanted to relax, so he ____________ the radio. 他想放松放松,所以他打开了广播。

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(4)If there is not a good play on CCTV 8, I would switch over ______________ to CCTV 5. 如果中央八套没有好节目,我会换到中央五套。 (5)The original painting has been replaced by a fake, and no one knows when the________ was made. A.switch B.action C.investigation D.breakthrough [解析] A 考查名词辨析。句意:原画已经被赝品 替换了,没人知道是什么时候换的。switch “变更, 更改 ”;action “行动 ”;investigation “调查”; breakthrough “突破,重大进展”。故选A。
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urgent adj.(very important and needing to be dealt with immediately)急迫的;紧急的 (1)urge v. 催促;力劝;强烈要求 urge sb to do sth 敦促某人干某事 urge that sb (should)do sth 敦促某人干某事 urge sth on sb 向某人提出/力陈某事 (2)urgency n. 紧急的事

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷?任务型阅读] In this kind of highpressure situation, many leaders bother their assistants with frequent meetings or flood their inboxes with urgent demands. 在这种高压环境中,很多领导用频繁的会议打扰他 们的助手或是给他们的邮箱发送大量的紧急要求。 urged us to help (2)He __________________ those who needed help. 他强烈要求我们帮助那些需要帮助的人。 an urgent desire (3)Father has __________________ to visit America. 爸爸有去美国旅行的强烈愿望。
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bore vt.(to make someone bored,especially by talking too much about something one is not interested in)使感到厌烦,使厌倦 (1)bore sb with sth 用某事去烦某人 (2)bored adj. 无聊的;无趣的;烦人的 be/get bored with (doing) sth 对(做)某事感到厌倦 (3)boring adj. 令人厌烦的 (4)boredom n. 厌烦;厌倦;无聊

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【知识拓展】 be tired with/be fed up with (doing) sth 对(做)某事感到厌倦 【活学活用】 (1)[2011?天津卷?阅读D] When I first learned to cook, I used recipes and turned out some tasty dishes. But soon 考 I grew bored. 点 我刚开始学习做饭的时候,我使用了食谱而且做了几 探 样可口的菜肴。但是很快我就厌倦了。 析 bores her with (2)He always ________________ the same story. 他总是讲同样的故事,这使她感到厌烦。
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bored boring (3)I was ________ with hearing the ________ story. 听着这个乏味的故事,我很烦。 (4)Mr Wang,________of the________ speech,started to sleep. A.tired;boring B.tiring;bored C.tired;bored D.tiring;boring [解析] A 句意:王先生听烦了乏味的演讲,睡起了 觉。下面这两个句子可帮助理解题干:①Mr Wang was tired of the speech. ②The speech was boring.

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stress n.重力;重压,压力;精神的压力;重音, 重读vt.加压力于;强调;重读 (1)stress the importance of… 强调……的重要性 (2)lay/place/put stress on/upon… 强调……;对……产生压力 under stress 在压力下 (3)stressed adj. 焦虑不安的;心力交瘁的

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?上海卷?阅读C] Researchers in the psychology department at the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) have discovered a major difference in the way men and women respond to stress. 位于洛杉矶的加州大学心理学专业的研究人员发现 男女在应对压力的方式上存在很大的差异。 the stress of modern life (2)We suffer from ________________________________. 我们经受现代生活压力的折磨。

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put a lot of stress on (3)The examination ________________________ him. 这次考试对他压力很大。 laid/placed/put great stress on (4)Her grandma_________________________ good table manners. 她祖母非常注重良好的餐桌礼仪。 stressed and tired (5)Finally she went home, ________________. 最终她回到家里,心力交瘁,疲惫不堪。

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6 suffer vt. (experience sth unpleasant)遭受(痛 苦)vi. (feel pain,discomfort,great sorrow,etc.通常 与from连用)感到疼痛,不适;受……之苦;患……病 温馨提示 (1)用作及物动词,意为 “受苦(痛、损失)”,其后常跟 抽象、笼统的名词。如: suffer pain/loss/punishment/defeat。

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(2)用作不及物动词,常与from连用,意为“受……之 苦;患……病”,其后的名词多表示非常具体的不 幸或痛苦。如:suffer from a bad cold/headaches/ heart trouble/overwork/floods/droughts/a natural disaster。 【注意事项】 suffer与suffer from所跟宾语的性质不同,注意区别。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?阅读C] Born in 1907 in a village near Mexico City, Kahlo suffered from polio at the age of seven. Kahlo于1907年出生于墨西哥城附近的一个村庄里, 7岁的时候就患有小儿麻痹症。 suffering from (2)She was ________________ a headache. 她正遭受头痛之苦。 had suffered much difficulty (3)He ______________________________ before he became a football star. 他在成为足球明星之前曾受过许多苦。
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reduce vt. & vi.缩减;减少,降低;使??处 于??状态(表此种意义时,常用于被动语态);使变弱; 使降职(级) reduce one's expense 减少某人的开支 reduce…(from…)to… 使陷入(更坏的)境地,使沦落; 使??(从??)减少到?? reduce…(from…)by… 使??(从??)减少了?? 温馨提示 表示“减少到”要用介词to,表示“减少了”要用介 词by;其反义词为increase;近义词为decrease。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?山东卷?阅读A] A tenyear civil war started, which reduced the population from 1,400 to 900. 一场十年内战开始了,人口从1400人减少到900人。 to reduce the pain (2)The doctor gave the patient pills ________________. 医生给病人一些药片以减轻疼痛。 was reduced to (3)He ________________ begging for food. 他沦落到以乞讨为生。

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(4)If you order a large amount of milk from our shop, we can reduce the price ________ 10%. A.at B.from C.by D.on [解析] C 考查介词。reduce to表示“降低到”; reduce by表示“降低了”。

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diet n.饮食;节食;规定饮食v.节食 go/be on a diet 节食 a healthy and balanced diet 健康均衡的饮食 【活学活用】 (1)A balanced diet is necessary for good health. 均衡的饮食对于健康是必要的。 go on a diet (2)I decided to ______________ before my holiday. 我决定在假期前开始节食。

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Proper diet and exercise (3)_____________________are both important to health. 适当的饮食和锻炼对健康都很重要。 diet yourself strictly (4)You must ________________ according to the doctor's advice. 你必须根据医生的建议严格控制饮食。

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stand vt. & vi. 忍受,忍耐;站立;屹立 n.看台;摊位 (1)can't stand sth 无法忍受某事 can't stand doing sth 无法忍受做某事 can't stand sb doing sth 无法忍受某人做某事 (2)stand aside 站到一边,不介入 stand out 凸显,引人注意;出色 stand by 支持,帮助;做准备;袖手旁观 stand for 代表;意味着 stand against 反对 stand on one's own feet 依靠自己
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【巧学助记】

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?阅读B] Weeks later, standing before this unfriendly mass, I was totally lost. 几周之后,站在这帮不友好的人面前,我完全 迷茫了。 (2)The new road sign is easy to read because the words stand out on it __________________ well. 这块新路标容易辨认,因为上面的字很显眼。 book stand (3)I bought this dictionary from a ______________. 我从一个书摊上买了这本词典。

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(4)I want to leave now;I can't________nothing useful here. A.stand to do B.stand doing C.stand being done D.stand to be doing [解析] B 句意:现在我要走了;我忍受不了在这 里无所事事。stand当“忍受”讲时,后面的动词要 用ing形式作宾语且这里无被动意义。故答案为B。

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 do some exercise 锻炼身体 【短语联想】 do some exercise=do some sports=take some exercise 温馨提示 exercise作“锻炼,运动”讲时,为不可数名词;作 ? 考 “练习”讲时,为可数名词;作“体操”讲时,为可 ? 点 数名词。

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【活学活用】 (1)The research mentioned in the last paragraph reports that people with dogs did more exercise. 最后一段提到的研究报道说有狗的人们做的锻炼比 较多。 have too many exercises to do (2)Students __________________________ after class every day. 每天放学后,学生有太多的练习要做。 do morning exercises (3)It is good for us to ____________________. 做早操对我们有益。 the mind some exercise (4)Doing crosswords gives ____________________. 做纵横填字谜可以锻炼思维。
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go off (电灯)熄灭;(机器等)停止运转;离开;开火; 爆炸;(食物、饮料等)变质,变坏 go after 追赶;追求 go by 走过;(时间)过去 go through 浏览;经过,通过 go out 外出;熄灭 go over 越过;复习;仔细检查 go up 上来;(价格)上涨 go with 与……相配

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?四川卷?短文改错] The man did as told and slept really well,waking up before the alarm had even gone off. 那位男子就按照被告诉的那么做了,而且睡得很好, 在闹钟响之前就醒了。 (2)We were doing our homework when the light went off/went out __________________. 当灯熄灭的时候,我们正在做家庭作业。 went off (3)The gun suddenly __________________. 枪突然走火了。
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get changed 换衣服 get burnt/burned烧伤,烫伤 get broken 破碎 get hurt 受伤 get lost 迷路 get paid 拿工资 get married 结婚 get drowned 被淹死 get dressed 穿衣服 get caught in 陷入;遭到 温馨提示 “get+动词的过去分词”表示处于某种状 态。
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【活学活用】 (1)I'm afraid you have no time to get changed since the party will start soon. 因为聚会马上就要开始了,恐怕你没有时间换 衣服了。 (2)用括号内所给词的适当形式填空 punished ①He‘ll get ____________ (punish) if he goes on like this. work ②Nobody can get him to _________(work)hard. involved ③Tell everybody to get ___________(involve) in this activity.
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play a role/part in 在??中起作用;在??中担任 角色 play an important role/part in… 在??中起重要作用(担任重要角色) play the role of sb =play/act the part of sb (在剧中)扮演??角色 play the leading role 起带头(主要)作用

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【活学活用】 (1)Which of the following plays a role in making the islands “a paradise for wildlife”? 以下哪一项在让这些岛屿成为“野生动物的天堂” 中起了作用? the role/part of (2)He played __________________ Hamlet in the play last week. 他在上周的戏中扮演了哈姆雷特。 plays a very important (3)The media ______________________________ role/part in influencing people's opinions. 媒体在影响人们的观念方面起了很重要的作用。
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5

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take up 占据;占用(空间或时间);开始从事;接受 take in 接纳;吸收;包括;理解;欺骗 take off 脱下(衣帽等);起飞;开始成名,开始受欢迎 take on 雇用;呈现(面貌);具有(特征) take over 接管,接任,接替 take place 发生;进行 take out 取出;拿出 take it easy 别着急 take down 记下,写下 take away 带走

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【活学活用】 (1)Only students skilful at swimming can take up this activity. 只有善于游泳的学生才能从事这种活动。 took off (2)They __________________ their worn clothes. 他们脱去了他们的旧衣服。 taken on (3)Our village has __________________ a new look these years. 我们的村庄最近几年呈现了新面貌。 took/takes up (4)The refrigerator __________________ too much room. 电冰箱占了太多的空间。
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took out (5)He __________________ all the money and things in his pocket and gave them to the beggar. 他把他口袋里所有的钱和物品都拿出来给了那个 乞丐。 took up (6)Mary __________________ cooking when she was in Britain.玛丽在英国的时候从事烹饪工作。 take place (7)The meeting will __________________ at 8:00 tomorrow morning. 会议将在明早八点钟开始。

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(8)After studying in a medical college for five years, Jane________ her job as a doctor in the countryside. A.set out B.took over C.took up D.set up [解析] C 考查动词短语辨析。take up “从事, 做……”;set out “开始”;take over “接管;接 收”;set up “建立,创立”。句意:在一所医科 大学学习了5年之后,Jane开始在乡下做一名医生。

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6

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at the moment 此刻,目前,现在(可指较短或较长 的时间) at that moment 就在那时,当时 for a moment 一会儿 for the moment 目前,暂时 in a moment 一会儿之后 a moment ago 刚才 at that moment 就在那时

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the moment=as soon as/the minute/the instant/the second/directly/immediately+从句= hardly/scarcely…when…=no sooner…than… 一??就??(引导时间状语从句) 【活学活用】 (1)I'm afraid you can't find anybody to help you at the moment. They are all very busy. 恐怕你现在找不到任何人帮助你。他们都非常忙。 at the moment (2)I am busy __________________. 此刻我很忙。

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at that moment (3)I didn't know her __________________. 那时我不认识她。 for the moment (4)Stop discussing __________________, please. 请暂停讨论。 (5)I recognised the moment/the minute/the instant/directly/ him__________________________________________ immediately/as soon as/the second ________________________________ he took off the sunglasses. 他一摘下太阳镜,我就认出了他。

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7

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come up with 想出,提出(想法或计划) come about 发生 come into being 发生;产生 come into effect 开始生效 come true 实现 come to an end 结束 come across (偶然) 碰到,遇见 come out (书、唱片等)出版,发行

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?湖南卷?阅读C] A recent study of ancient and modern elephants has come up with the unexpected conclusion that the African elephant is divided into two distinct species. 最近一次关于古今大象的研究已经得出一个让人意 想不到的结果:非洲大象分为两个不同的物种。 come out (2)A second edition will ____________ next week. 第二版将在下周出版。

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come across (3)He felt happy to __________________ one of his old friends. 他巧遇一个老朋友,感觉很高兴。 (4)—Have you________ some new ideas? —Yeah. I'll tell you later. A.come about B.come into C.come up with D.come out with [解析] C 句意:“你想出一些新主意来了吗?” “是的,我一会儿告诉你。”come up with “想出”, 后跟计划、答案等名词作宾语,符合句意。 come about “发生”。

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 What kind of lifestyles do you think the men in the pictures have? 你认为图片中的人物过着什么样的生活?

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句型公式

(特殊疑问词?+其他?+do you think+陈述句?)

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【句式点拨】 do you think后面跟宾语从句时,如果从句中含有 特殊疑问词,应将其置于句首;do you think/believe/suppose/guess等放在特殊疑问词 (+其他)之后,且从句应用陈述语序。

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【活学活用】 (1)What color do you think I should wear? 你认为我应该穿什么颜色的(衣服)? do you think (2)Who __________________ will give us a lecture this weekend? 你认为本周末谁会给我们作报告? do you suppose has happened to (3)What ______________________________ him? 你认为他出了什么事?

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(4)If you are to go to Paris,________more,the Eiffel Tower or the Louvre? A.which do you think you'll enjoy B.do you think which you'll enjoy C.which you will enjoy do you think D.which do you think will you enjoy [解析] A “特殊疑问句+插入语”的句式构成: 疑问词(+其他)+do you think/…+陈述句。 句意:如果你去巴黎,你认为你会更喜欢哪个, 埃菲尔铁塔还是卢浮宫?

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2

Of course,I couldn‘t live this lifestyle without a good wife. 当然,如果没有一个好妻子,我不可能过这样的生活。 句型公式 not…without 引导的双重否定句

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【句式点拨】 not…without 引导双重否定句,用以加强语气 without 还可以表示“如果没有”,用于虚拟语气, 相当于but for。

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【活学活用】 (1)Many famous people believe that they could not succeed without the support from their family. 很多名人都认为没有家人的支持,他们都不能成功。 without (2)One ____________ make bricks ____________ straw. cannot 巧妇难为无米之炊。 ? 考 (3)There will be no life __________________ water. without ? 点 没有水就没有生命。

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3

I am always the first person to get to the office. 我总是第一个到达办公室的人。 句型公式 the first/second/…/last(+名词、代词)+to do sth

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【句式点拨】 the first/second/…/last(+名词、代词)后常接不定式to do sth,表示“第……个做某事的”。

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【活学活用】 (1)London is the first city to host the Olympic Games three times in the world. 伦敦是世界上第一个举办三届奥运会的城市。 the first people to set foot on (2)The British became _________________________ the land. ? 考 英国人成了第一批踏上这片土地的人。 ? 点 (3)She will be____________________________ him. the last person to fall in love with ? 探 她绝不会爱上他。

? 析

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4

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Usually,it's so crowded that I can't find anywhere to sit. 通常地铁很拥挤,我找不到座位。 句型公式 so+adj./adv.+that… so+adj.+a/an+n. [C](单)+that… so+many/few+n. [C]复+that… so+much/little(少)+n. [U]+that… such a/an(+adj.)+n. [C](单)+that+… such+(adj.+)n. [C](复)+that… such+(adj.+)n. [U]+that…
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【句式点拨】 本句是一个主从复合句,从句是表示结果的状语从句。 引导结果状语从句的连词有:so that(从句中不带情 态动词),so…that(如此?? 以至于??)such…that(如此??以至于??)等, 通常位于主句的后面。 温馨提示 such 与one,no 等词一起修饰名词时,这些词要放 在such的前面。即: one/no/any/all/many/some/several/few+such+n.

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷?完形] People have become so reachable in the world of networks and connections that one can often be contacted even if they'd rather not be. 在网络连接的世界中,人们已经变得如此容易联系到以 至于即使不愿意被联系,也可能经常被联系。 ? 考 (2)He was __________________ he couldn't get through so fat that ? 点 the door. ? 探 他胖得无法通过这扇门。

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such a lovely girl that (3)Lucy is __________________ we all like her. 露西是如此可爱的女孩以至于我们都喜欢她。 so many new things that (4)He saw ________________________ he couldn't remember them all. 他看到这么多新事物,以至于不能把它们全都记住。 (5)It‘ssuch nice weather that ___________________we'd like to take a walk. ? 考 天气那么好,所以我们想去散步。

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Ⅰ.单词拼写 complaining 1.They are always_____________ (抱怨) about life. prefer 2.We Chinese________ (更喜欢) tea to coffee. 3.Some young people like pop music,while others classical like________ (古典的)music. solve 4.It was clever of you to________ (解决)the problem in that way. crowded 5.The new store is________ (挤满)with customers.

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Ⅱ.选词填空

go off, complain about, stand for, switch about 1. Many friends often___________ to me________ off,complain take up
their mothers. takes up 2.The airconditioner ________ too much space in the room. switch off 3.Be sure to________ the light when you leave the room. go off 4.Don't________ without saying goodbye. stands for 5.WHO________ World Health Organization.

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.“Getting to the top is hard enough but staying there is an even greater________,”the winner of the 400m at the 10th World Championships told the reporters after the event. A.interest B.challenge C.impression D.chance [解析] B 考查名词辨析。challenge挑战。句意表示 “获得冠军非常艰难,而要保持住冠军将是更大的挑 ? 跟 战”。而interest“利益,兴趣”,impression“印象”, ? 踪 chance“机会”;三个词均与题意不符。

? 训 ? 练

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2.After his retirement,John________ fishing as one of his new hobbies. A.took over B.took in C.took for D.took up [解析] D 考查动词短语辨析。take over “接 管”; take in “吸 收, 接 受 ”;take for “认为理所当然, 为??承 担 ”;take up “从 事??”。句 意:约翰 退休后,开始把钓鱼作为他的新爱好之一。

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3.—We'll go to the party to be held in Anhui Grand Theater at 8 tonight. Could you join us? —I'm afraid I can't. I________ the holiday plan with my friends. A.am discussing B.have discussed C.will be discussing D.will have discussed [解析] C 考查时态。答句表示“恐怕我不能去,因为 那个时候我将正在和我的朋友们讨论假期计划”。表 示将来某个时间正在进行的动作,用将来进行时。

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4.________ that Maric was able to set up new branches elsewhere. A.So successful her business was B.So successful was her business C.So her business was successful D.So was her successful business [解析] B 考查倒装结构。题干运用了so…that…结构。 当“so+adj./adv.”或“such+n. /pron.”形式位于句首 时,主句要使用部分倒装,故答案为B。

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5.As far as I know,my mother spends at least as much time revising an article as she________ it. A.writes B.does writing C.is writing D.does write [解析] B “spend+时间+in doing sth”意为“花费时 间做某事”,其中in可以省略。does为代动词,代替前 面的spends,因此as she does writing=as she spends ? 跟 (in) writing。句意:据我所知,妈妈修改文章所花的时 ? 踪 间至少和她写文章所花的时间一样多。

? 训 ? 练

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6.The Great Wall is________ tourist attraction that millions of people pour in every year. A.so a wellknown B.a so wellknown C.such wellknown D.such a wellknown [解析] D 考查so…that…与such…that…的区别。

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7.It's already 10 o'clock. I wonder how it________ that she was two hours late on such a short trip. A.came across B.came out C.came about D.come up [解析] C 考查短语辨析。come about意为 “发生”, 符合题意。come across意为 “遇见”;come out意为“ 出来”;come up意为“出现,到来”。

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8.—Why did Bob weep? —He couldn't stand________ like that before the whole class. A.making fun of B.being made fun of C.to be laughed at D.being made fun [解析] B stand 作“容忍”讲时,用v.ing作宾语; make fun of 与He之间是被动关系。

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9.The national parks are very important for the protection of wild animals,which would________ become endangered. A.therefore B.otherwise C.however D.thus [解析] B 考查副词的用法。Therefore “因此”; otherwise “不然,否则”;however “然而”;thus “于是”。句意:国家公园对野生动物的保护是非常重 要的,要不然它们会濒临灭绝。所以答案为B。

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10.The weather was________ cold that I didn't like to leave my room. A.really B.such C.too D.so [解析] D so…that…如此??以至于??

请完成课时作业?一?

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阅读写作(一) [应用文写作之 建议信]

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◇ 写作点拨 ◇ 建议信是写信人向收信人对某事提出的建议和忠 告。建议信可能是写给个人,也可能是写给某个组织 或机构,信的内容要包括写信的原因,建议的内容, 提出建议的理由。建议信要写得简明扼要、目的明确、 具有合理性和说服力。具体写作步骤一般是“三段 式”,通常以firstly, secondly, thirdly或to begin/start with, then, later, last but not least等依次陈述建议,具 体为:

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第一段:表明写作意图。陈述事由,简单介绍自己, 注意语气。 第二段:应该首先肯定对方的优点,然后再写需要改 进的地方或针对具体情况提出具体的建议或忠告。注 意千万不要让别人以为你是在投诉,而不是提建议。 第三段:对提出的建议进行总结。要注意有礼貌,使 读者容易接受。

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◇ 词句模板 ◇ 1.段首常用语: (1)I am writing to express my views concerning… (2)You have asked for my advice about…and I will try to make some suggestions.

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2.表达 “建议”常用语: (1)I think the most suitable…for you is… (2)I would like to suggest that… (3)You'd better…/It's better to… (4)As far as I am concerned…/In my opinion… (5)For one thing…, for another… (6)If I were you, I would… (7)It seems to me that you could…

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3.段尾常用语: (1)I think it would be more beneficial if you could… (2)I believe you will take my advice into account/consideration. (3)I hope you will find these proposals/suggestions practical/useful/helpful. (4)I will be more than happy to see improvements in this regard. (5)I will be ready for further discussing this matter into details.

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4.建议信格式模板: Dear______, I am ______.Your collection of suggestion on __________is ___________. As is known to all, ___________. My suggestions are as follows: First, ________.(People can ________.) Second,(to make economic profits,) _________. Third, ________.(As many of them_________.)

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I hope you will find these proposals useful, and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you into further details. (Or: Your kind consideration of my suggestions will be highly appreciated.) Good luck with your ________.(祝 愿) Yours sincerely, Li Ming

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【活学活用】 高三学生面临着沉重的学习压力,很多学生利用课间 休息时间不停学习,但实际上这会影响课堂听课效率。 假如你是高三年级的学生李华,就此现象给中学生英 语报社写一封信,发表自己的看法。信的内容须包括 以下要点: 1.课间休息很必要(说明理由); 2.你是怎样利用课间休息时间的。 注意: 1.词数100左右; 2.信的开头和结尾已给出(不计入总词数)。
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Dear Editor, I'm a Senior 3 student from No.2 Middle School._________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua

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【参考范文】 Dear Editor, I'm_a_Senior_3_student_from_No._2_Middle_School. As is known to all, Senior 3 students are suffering heavy pressure of study. As a result, many students are trying to spare every minute to study, even during the tenminute break between classes.

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In my opinion, taking the tenminute break between classes is definitely necessary, which makes us relaxed both physically and mentally. The tenminute break is meant for us to relax and prepare for the next class. Only by doing so can we have more energy to study effectively in class.

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My tenminute break is always pleasing as well as relaxing. Sometimes I do some simple exercises. Sometimes I have a free chat with my classmates or just take a walk outside. Therefore, I always feel energetic and listen attentively in class. Yours, Li Hua

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? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第2讲 Unit 2

Heroes

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

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佳 作 晨 ? 请根据以下信息以“The Most Beautiful 读

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Woman Teacher”为题写一篇英语报道。 词数:100左右。

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佳 作 人物 晨 ? 读 年龄 时间 地点

事情

张丽莉,佳木斯 市第十九中学教师 29岁 2012年5月8日晚8: 38分 十九中校门口 (1)学生放学,准 备 坐车回家; (2)一大巴失控, 撞 向两名学生;

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佳 作 晨 读

—— 精 彩 美 文 —— The Most Beautiful Woman Teacher Zhang Lili, aged 29, is a teacher from No.19 Middle School of Jiamusi City. At about 8:38 on the evening of May 8th, 2012, the students of the school were waiting in front of the school botanical garden for the bus back home

when suddenly an out- control bus bumped into two ofstudents. Just at the critical moment, Miss Zhang rushed over, pushed and pulled the two students to safety. Unfortunately she was run over by the bus and was injured so seriously that she had to have her legs cut off.
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佳 Her bravery has moved the people all over the country 作 晨 deeply, and she has been honored as the most beautiful 读 woman teacher.

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佳 作 晨 读

—— 名 师 点 睛 —— 1.行文逻辑:基本情况→事迹简介→社会反响。 2.词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇和短语。如: bump into,critical,rush over,run over,seriously,cut off,deeply等。 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。 如:aged 29(过去分词作定语);when suddenly an out- control bus bumped into two students (时间状语 of从句);so seriously that she had to have her legs cut off (so…that句型,have +宾语+宾语补足语)。 此外,被动语态的灵活运用也是本文的一大亮点。
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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 generously 基 1.generous adj.慷慨的,大方的→________n ? violence 础 brilliantly .慷慨,大方→___________adv.慷慨地,大 梳 理 方地brilliance competition ? 2.violent adj. 暴力的→________ n.暴力, competitor 暴行 promotion ? 3.brilliant adj.卓越的→________adv.辉煌地 promotional ? →________n. 辉煌 ? 4.compete vi. 比赛,竞争→___________n
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generosity

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exploration

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? 6.explore vt.探测;勘探 admirer admiring 基 →___________n.探险;探测 admirable 础 ? 7.admire vt.钦佩,羡慕→__________n.钦 梳 skilfully skilful 理 佩,羡慕→________n.赞赏者,羡慕者, 崇拜者→________ popularity ? adj.赞赏的,羡慕的→__________adj.令人 称赞的, confidence ? 令人钦佩的 ? 8.________adj.灵巧的,熟练的 返回目录 →________adv.灵巧地,熟练地→skill n.技

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? Ⅱ.短语检测 be famous for… ? 1.因……而著名 ________________ compete against/with sb ? 基? 2.与某人竞争/比赛 on one's own ? 础 ______________________ pull through ? 梳 react to… ? 3.独自地 _______________ ? 理 separate from… ? 4.渡过难关 __________________ be strict with sb ? 5.对??作出反应 _______________ commit suicide make progress ? 6.与??分离 _______________ get involved with ? 7.对某人要求严格 _______________ ? 8.自杀 _______________

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.现在分词作状语 ? 基? When the spaceship was doing its seventh ? 础 circle,Yang Liwei showed the flags of China expressing ? 梳 and the United Nations, ? 理 ________________the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space peacefully. ? 在飞船绕地球转到第七圈时,杨利伟 在飞船上展示了中国国旗和联合国国旗, 以表达中国人民和平开发、利用太空资源 的意愿。

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? 2.one of+可数名词的复数形式,表示 one of “??之一” Nelson Mandela is____________the 基? 础 world's most famous people. 梳 ? If possible 纳尔逊?曼德拉是世界上最著名的人物 理 之一。 ? 3.省略it和be动词的状语从句 ? ____________,try to guess the answer. ? 如果可能的话,试着猜一猜答案。
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? 4.省略主语和be动词的状语从句 ? Brandi,the sisters' mother,taught her 基 daughters at home so that they completed while developing 础 their high school______________ their tennis 梳 careers. 理 ? 两姐妹的妈妈Brandi在家里教她们文化 知识,这样才使她们进行网球生涯的同时 顺利完成高中学业。 ? ?
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? 5.not only…but also…不仅……而且…… not only ? This ________ drew public attention to but also 基 research into back injuries ________ 础 encouraged a lot of people living with all kinds 梳 of problems. 理 ? 这(他的演讲)不仅吸引了人们对背部受 伤问题的关注,而且鼓舞了很多有各种问 题的人。 ?
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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 character n.(mental or moral qualities that make a person,group,nation,etc. different from others) 品格;特性;性格;(小说、戏剧中的)人物, 角色; (汉)字,字体 be different in character 有着不同的性质 ? 考 a man of character 有个性的人,有骨气的人 ? 点 a leading character 主角 ? 探 the Chinese characters 汉字

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【巧学助记】

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考 点 探 析

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?福建卷?阅读A] Her family wonder whether the donator is a Robin Hood character, taking from banks to give to the needy. 她的家人怀疑捐献者是否是一个具有罗宾汉性格的 人,从银行里把钱取出来送给那些需要帮助的人。 a character (2)Dr Watson is __________________in the Sherlock Holmes Stories. 华生医生是《福尔摩斯探案故事》中的一个人物。

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a man of good character (3)He seems to be________________________. 看来他是一个品格优良的人。 (4)The__________________ look like small pictures. Chinese characters 汉字看起来像是一幅幅小图画。

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(5) He proved himself a true gentleman and the beauty of his________ was seen at its best when he worked with others. A.characteristic B.character C.appearance D.temper [解析] B 句意:他证明自己是一个真正的绅士,和 别人一起工作的时候,他的性格总表现出最好的一 面。character作名词时,表示“性格;特点”; characteristic是可数名词,常用复数形式,表示 “特点”。

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2

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calm adj.(of the sea without large waves) (海面) 平静的;(quiet and not excited or nervous)镇静的, 沉着的 v.(使)平静;使(镇定) (1)feel calm 感到平静 stay/keep/be calm 保持镇静 (2)calm down 平静下来,镇静下来 calm sb down 使某人镇静(平静)下来 (3)calmly adv. 平静地,安静地,冷静地 calmness n. 平静,安静,镇静

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【经典例句】 Well!Well!Just calm down a bit! 好啦!好啦!请冷静一点! He is terribly excited. We must calm him down. 他很激动,我们必须使他平静下来。 We must keep calm before danger. ? 考 危险面前我们必须保持镇定。

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【词语辨析】 calm,quiet,still与silent (1)calm“平静的,沉着的”,指风平浪静或人的心情平静。 (2)quiet“宁静的,安静的”,指没有声音,不吵闹或心里 没有烦恼、焦虑。 (3)still“静止的,不动的”,指没有运动或动作的状态。 ? 考 (4)silent“寂静的,沉默的,不出声的”。

? 点 ? 探 ? 析

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?阅读B] In this state, the baby is difficult to calm down and sleep is impossible. 在这种状态下,孩子很难平静下来,入睡是不 可能的。 Keep/Stay still (2)__________________ while I take photos of you. 在我给你照相的时候,请勿动。 lived a quiet life (3)They__________________ in the countryside. 他们在乡下过着宁静的生活。 the room was silent (4)The children went out,and__________________. 孩子们出去了,房子里寂静无声。
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(5)The doctor asked some interesting questions to make the girl calm __________________. 那位医生为了让女孩平静下来,问了一些有趣的 问题。 (6)Emergency line operators must always________ calm and make sure that they get all the information they need to send help. A.grow B.appear C.become D.stay [解析] D 考查固定搭配。stay/keep/be calm表示 “保持镇静”。句意:紧急热线接线员必须总能保持 镇定并确保获得其提供帮助所需的全部信息。
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struggle v.& n.斗争,拼搏;努力;挣扎 struggle with/against…与??斗争 struggle for… 为争取……而斗争 struggle to do sth 努力做某事 struggle to one's feet 挣扎着站起来 温馨提示 struggle with既可以表示“与??并肩作战”,也相当 于struggle against,表示“与……搏斗、斗争”。

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【词语辨析】 struggle,war,battle与fight (1)struggle指为了获得某物而努力奋斗或彼此打架,也指 为了逃避攻击而与某人搏斗。 (2)war指国家间、民族间的战争的总称。 (3)battle指规模较小的战争、战役。 ? 考 (4)fight指具体的争夺,可以指人类间的战斗,也可以指 ? 点 动物间的战斗。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?北京卷?阅读D] There are ever more people on the Earth, and they reasonably and rightfully want to have better lives, rather than merely struggle for survival. 在这个世界上有更多的人,他们合理地,正当地想 拥有更好的生活,而不是仅仅为生存而拼搏。 struggle (2)The __________________ for independence was long and hard for that country. 为独立而进行的斗争对那个国家而言是长期的、艰 巨的。
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struggle with/against all kinds of (3)They had to__________________________________ difficulties __________. 他们不得不和各种各样的困难作斗争。 (4)Our government and people are determined to struggle for __________________ the ownership of Diaoyu Islands. 我国政府和人民下定决心为钓鱼岛的所有权而斗争。

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(5)The working people have never stopped their struggle________unfair treatment. A.against B.for C.from D.to [解析] A struggle against意为“同……作斗争”; struggle for意为“为了……而斗争”。

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4

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equal vt. 等于,跟??相同;比得上adj.平等的; 相等的;相同的;胜任的 n.相等的事物(或数量); (地位等)相同的人,匹敌者 (1)be equal to (doing) 等于;能胜任 on equal terms with sb 与某人地位相等 (2)equality n. 平等 equally adv. 相等地,同等地

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?辽宁卷?阅读C] So they will be ready for life in a world where China is an equal power with the United States.所以他们将会为生活在一个中国和美国不分伯仲 的世界做好准备。 (2)Now that she has been promoted,she is 考 ______________ with her exon equal terms boss. 点 既然她已晋级,就和原先的上司平起平坐了。 探 (3)He is a player______________. without equal 析 他是个无与伦比的运动员。

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equal to (4)Mr Black is quite ______________the job of running the office. 布莱克先生很能胜任管理这个办事处的工作。 (5)He doubted whether she would be________ to the task. A.equal B.similar C.familiar D.content [解析] A be equal to sth 此处表示“胜任某工作”, 符合题意。

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compete vi.比赛,竞争 (1)compete (with/against sb) for sth 为得到某物(与某人)竞争 (2)competitive adj. 有竞争意识的,富有竞争力的 competition n. 竞争 competitor n. 竞争者

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【经典例句】 Small,independent bookstores can't compete with the big national chains. 小规模的个体书店竞争不过大型的全国连锁店。 温馨提示 compete多用作不及物动词,须跟适当的介词后才能跟 宾语。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?天津卷?阅读表达] As a longdistance swimmer, she would compete against herself and the obstacles presented by distance, danger, cold, and exhaustion. (Diana Nyad)作为一名长距离游泳者,她常常和自 己比赛,和由于距离、危险、寒冷和精疲力竭而导 致的障碍作斗争。 compete with/against (2)It's difficult for small markets to_________________ big ones. 小商场很难和大商场竞争。

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compete in (3)She is hoping to __________________ the 2016 Rio de Janeiro Olympic Games. 她期盼着参加2016年里约热内卢奥运会。 compete for (4)The two athletes will__________________ the gold medal. 那两名运动员将争夺金牌。

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(5)She will compete_______ the other applicants_______ the job offered by the famous company. A.with;for B.for;for C.against;in D.in;in [解析] A 句意:她将和其他的申请人竞争那份由那 家著名公司提供的工作。根据句意可知使用compete with/against sb for sth结构。

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injury n.(physical harm to a living being) 伤害,损害 (1)do an injury to sb 伤害某人 (2)injure vt. 损害;伤害 injured adj. 受伤的 the injured 受伤者

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【词语辨析】 injure,damage,hurt与wound

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易混 词

辨析

示例

There were two people v.指(人)在平时或事 injured in the car injure 故中受伤,大多造成 accident.有两个人在 了容颜或机能的损害。 车祸中受了伤。 ? 考 The typhoon did a lot ? 点 dama n.& v.指损害、损 of damage to the crops. ? 探 ge 坏(某物)。 台风对农作物造成严 ? 析 重损害。 v.指(人)在平时或事 He hurt his leg while 故中受伤,有强烈的 hurt playing football.他踢足 疼痛感;还可指对心 返回目录

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【活学活用】 (1)A severe head injury left the fighter unconscious for days. 一次严重的头部受伤让打架者昏迷了几天。 hurt (2)He didn't mean to __________________ her feelings. 他不是故意伤害她的感情。 (3)In that accident,three were killed and four got injured __________________. 在那次事故中,三死四伤。 injuries (4)There were no ______________ in the earthquake. 地震中没有伤亡。
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damaged (5)The heavy rain __________________ many houses. 大雨损坏了很多房屋。 wounded (6)Ten soldiers were killed and thirty seriously ________. 十名士兵阵亡,三十名伤势严重。

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admire vt.(regard sb or sth with respect,pleasure, satisfaction,etc.)钦佩,羡慕;赞美,欣赏 (1)admire sb for sth 因某事(物)而钦佩某人 (2)admirer n. 羡慕者 admiring adj. 令人羡慕的 admirable adj. 令人钦佩的 admiration n. 羡慕 in admiration 羡慕地

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖北卷?阅读A] Having been an immigrant myself, I admire people who go overseas to find a job. 我自己也是一名移民,我佩服那些到国外找工作 的人。 admire her for (2)I don't agree with her, but I __________________ sticking to her principles. 我不同意她的意见,但是我欣赏她恪守原则。

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in admiration of (3)Many people go to Beijing __________________ the great sights there during the MidAutumn Festival and National Day holiday in 2012. 很多人在2012年国庆中秋节去北京,欣赏那里宏伟的 景象。 admiring glances (4)She was used to receiving __________________ from men. 她习惯男人投来赞赏的目光。

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(5)The boy was so clever that he could________ all the knowledge his teacher taught him. A.admire B.acknowledge C.admit D.absorb [解析] D admire意为“羡慕”;acknowledge意为“承 认,供认”;admit意为“认可,承认”;absorb意为 “理解;吸收”。根据句意“那个男孩如此聪明,以至 于他能理解老师教的所有知识”可知答案为D。

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involve vt.涉及,参与,牵涉;包括 involve doing sth =including doing sth 包括做某事 involve…in… 使??卷入?? involve with sb 和??一起;和??有密切关系 get/be involved in 卷入;专注于 involvement n. 卷入,牵连;包括

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读C] Sarah wanted to get involved in a volunteer program. 萨拉想参加一个志愿活动。 involve other people (2)Don‘t _________________in your mad schemes! 不要把他人卷到你的疯狂计划中! (3)He was__________________ the terrorists. involved with 他和恐怖分子有牵连。 involved in (4)He is now______________stocks. 他现在热衷于股票。

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 make progress 取得了进步;得到改善 make a difference 有关系,有影响 make ends meet 使收支相抵 make for 向??移动;促成 make it 按时到达;成功 ? 考 make sense 有道理;讲清楚 ? 点 make full use of… 充分利用??

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温馨提示 progress是不可数名词,但可以用good,rapid,great, slow,much,some,no,little等表示程度的 来修饰。make progress的主语一般是人。 【经典例句】 They are making slow progress with the construction of the new road.在新路的建设上,他们进展缓慢。 Are you making any progress with your report? 你的报告进展如何? He has made some progress with his work. 他的工作已有所进展。
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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?读写任务] Thanks to your encouragement,I made continuous progress in math, and finally made up my mind to study it in the university. 多谢你的鼓励,我才能在数学上取得持续的进步。 最终我下定决心在大学学习这个专业。 make progress (2)We must study hard and__________________ every day. 我们必须好好学习,天天向上。

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(3)Mr Smith is glad that his boy has made rapid progress __________________________ in Chinese. 史密斯先生的儿子汉语学习取得快速进步,这让他 很高兴。 (4)Despite working two jobs, Mr Chen can hardly make ends meet __________________. 尽管做了两份工作,陈先生几乎还是入不敷出。

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考 点 探 析

(5)We are amazed by the progress that he________ in recovering from the illness. A.had B.did C.made D.kept [解析] C 考查固定搭配。make progress表示“取得 进步”,没有其他的搭配方式。句意:我们对他康 复的进展感到吃惊。that he made是progress的定语 从句。

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2

on one's own 独自地,单独地 by oneself 独自 of one's own 某人自己的 【词语辨析】 on one's own与of one's own

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易混短 语

辨析

示例 I have been living on my own for 10 years. 我已经独自生活10 年了。 Linda has a new car of her own.琳达有辆 属于自己的新汽车。

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on one's 意为“单独地,独 自地”,一般用作 own 状语。 考 点 意为“(某人)自己 探of one's 的”,一般用作定 析own 语。

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【活学活用】 (1)Thank you for your offer of help, but I can manage it on my own. 谢谢你提供帮助,但是我自己能搞定。 by (2)The little girl can wash her clothes ______ herself. 那个小女孩能自己洗衣服。 of his own (3)He will have a car __________________ next month because he has saved enough money. 因为他已经存够了钱,所以他下个月将会拥有他自 己的车。

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(4)He is old enough to travel________.After all,he is already 18 years old. A.on his own B.of himself C.of one‘s own D.at the own [解 析] A on one's own“独自地”;of one's own“某人自己的”。句意:他长大了,可以独自去 旅行。毕竟,他已经十八岁了。

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get on (with) 融洽相处,进展 get along/on(well)with sb 与某人相处得(好) get on/along(well/smoothly)with sth 某事进展得(好、顺利) get away(from) 逃脱,离开 get back 回来;取回,送回

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考 点 探 析

get down to (doing) sth 开始认真做某事 get in touch with sb 与某人联系(接触) get off 下车(飞机等) get through 通过;做完 get rid of 除掉,摆脱 get together 聚集 get across 理解

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?阅读A] The expression is one of those behaviors that help people get along with each other. 这样的表达是帮助人们融洽相处的行为之一。 getting on/along (2)How are you __________________ with your English studies? 你的英语学习进展如何?

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get rid of (3)We must__________________ these bad habits and form good ones. 我们必须戒除这些不好的习惯,养成好的习惯。 get down to (4)It's time for you to __________________ reading books now. 现在是你开始认真读书的时间了。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

4

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考 点 探 析

come to (经过一个过程)逐渐??,终于??;总计; 涉及,谈到 come about 发生,产生 come across=happen to meet 偶遇 come by 从旁走过,经过 come to a conclusion 得出结论 come to an end 结束,终止 come up with 提出,想出,赶上 come to oneself 苏醒过来 come off it 别吹牛了,住口

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)The government came to realize the importance of education. 政府逐渐意识到教育的重要性。 came to (2)The bill______________$ 1,000. 账单共计1000美元。 comes to (3)When it______________politics,I know nothing about it. 说到政治,我一无所知。

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(4)If you ________ faults but you still want the bicycle, ask the shop assistant to reduce the price. A.come across B.come about C.come to D.come by [解析] A 考查动词短语辨析。句意:如果你碰到有瑕 疵的自行车,但是你仍然想买下它,就让店员降低价 ? 考 格。come across“碰到,偶然遇到”; come about “发 ? 点 生,产生”; come to “总计,涉及”; come by “经 ? 探 过”。

? 析

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

5

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考 点 探 析

come to an end 结束,终结 put an end to/put…to an end 结束?? bring sth to an end 使某事结束 at the end of… 在……的末端 in the end 最后,终于 by the end of… 到……为止(用于完成时)

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)There is no saying when this war will come to an end. 天晓得这场战争何时会结束。 came to an end (2)At last,the meeting __________________. 最终,会议结束了。 bring the dispute to an end (3)I wonder how I can ________________________. 我不知道我如何才能结束这个争端。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

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考 点 探 析

(4)They had a big quarrel last night,which________ to their friendship. A.came an end B.put an end C.get an end D.arrive an end [解析] B 考查动词短语辨析。句意:他们昨晚大吵 一架,结束了他们的友谊。put an end to意为 “使……结束;停止”。

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6

pull through 使从(受伤)中活下来;渡过难关 pull down 拆掉,拆毁 pull out (车)出站;(使)摆脱困境;(使)撤离 pull over (使车辆)停靠在路边 pull together 齐心协力,通力合作

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考 点 探 析

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【活学活用】 (1)Margaret had difficulty with her maths, but her teacher pulled her through. 玛格丽特数学学习遇到困难,但是她的老师帮助她 克服了。 (2)His injuries are severe,but he's expected ? 考 pull through to____________________. ? 点 他的伤势很重,但有望康复。

? 探 ? 析

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pull down (3)It is illegal for the government to ________________ citizens' houses by force without their permission. 未经允许,政府强拆公民房屋是违法的。 pull together (4)If we all __________________ we can finish the job by this evening. 如果我们齐心协力,今晚我们就可干完这工作。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 When the spaceship was doing its seventh circle,Yang Liwei showed the flags of China and the United Nations,expressing the wishes of the Chinese people to explore and use space peacefully. ? 考 在飞船绕地球转到第七圈时,杨利伟在飞船上展示了 ? 点 中国国旗和联合国国旗,以表达中国人民和平开发、 ? 探 利用太空资源的意愿。

? 析

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

句型公式

(现在分词作状语)

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考 点 探 析

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【句式点拨】 expressing…是现在分词短语作状语,表示伴随。 分词短语作时间、原因、条件、让步状语时,多位 于句首;作表示结果、方式、伴随状况的状语时, 通常置于句末。

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2012?广东卷?语法填空] He suddenly appeared in class one day, wearing sunglasses. 一天他突然出现在课堂上,戴着太阳镜。 Wondering (2)__________________ (wonder)what to do,he sat there in silence. 不知道该做什么,他一声不吭地坐在那里。 Having (3)__________________ (have) plenty of money,he is able to travel at once. 他有很多钱,马上就可以旅行了。

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studying (4)He is a student at Oxford University, ____________ (study)for a degree in computer science. 他是牛津大学的一个学生,攻读电脑科学学位。 (5)[2012?天津卷] He got up late and hurried to his office, ________ the breakfast untouched. A.left B.to leave C.leaving D.having left [解析] C 考查现在分词短语作状语。句意:他起晚 了,然后就急急忙忙赶往办公室,早餐都没碰。 leave的主语是he,故用v.ing在句中作结果状语。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

2

Brandi,the sisters' mother,taught her daughters at home so that they completed their high school while developing their tennis careers. 两姐妹的妈妈Brandi在家里教她们文化知识,这样才 使她们进行网球生涯的同时顺利完成高中学业。 句型公式 状语从句中省略主语和系动词be

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

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【句式点拨】 while developing their tennis careers 是省略句,相 当于while they were developing their tennis careers。 在英语中,当状语从句的主语与主句的主语一致, 或从句的主语是it,同时从句又含有系动词be 时, 可把从句的主语和系动词be一起省略。

考 点 探 析

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)When comparing different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. 在比较不同文化时,我们常常只关注不同而没有注意 到很多的相似之处。 (2)The boy is running impatiently here and there as if (he is) searching/looking for _________________________something lost on the playground. 那个男孩焦急地跑到这儿,跑到那儿,好像在寻找在 操场上丢失的什么东西。
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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes
(I am) not (3)I will not attend his party if _______________ invited. 如果没有被邀请,我不会参加他的聚会。 (it is) possible (4)Come along with me if __________________. 如果可能的话,和我一起走吧。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

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考 点 探 析

(5)[2012?课标全国卷] Film has a much shorter history, especially when ________ such art forms as music and painting. A.having compared to B.comparing to C.compare to D.compared to [解析] D 考查省略主语和be动词的状语从句。此处 是被省略的时间状语从句,其相当于:when film is compared to such art forms as music and painting。 这里film和compare之间是被动关系,故用过去分词。 又因为从句主语和主句主语一致,所以film和is被省 略。句意:电影的历史短得多,尤其是当它和像音 乐和绘画这样的艺术形式相比时。
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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

Ⅰ.单词拼写 alm 1.You should keep c___________ even in face of danger. qual 2.Men and women are e__________ and share the same rights. struggle 3.Several people were hurt in the ______________ (斗争). confident 4.He was in a relaxed,_______________(自信的)mood. personally 5.He chose Germany,but _________________(就个人而 言)I'd prefer to go to Spain.

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

Ⅱ.选词填空

been strict with 1. My father has always_______________ me,hoping I can do something extraordinary in the future. 2.Study hard and____________ every day. make progress come to an end 3.Since the exam has_______________,there is no need to worry about it. pull through 4.The doctor says that Mrs Chester will____________, ? 跟 but her illness gets worse and worse. got involved with ? 踪 5.This is how I________________ the work to improve the ? 训 quality of life for all disabled people.

be strict with, make progress, get involved with, come to an end, pull through

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

Ⅲ.单项填空 1.The hot,damp climate didn't agree________ him. A.with B.to C.on D.in [解析] A 考查与动词agree搭配的介词。agree with可 表示“适宜于”;agree to+表示“提议、办法、计划”的 词;agree on+表示具体协议的“文件、计划等”。 2.The top leaders of the two countries are holding talks in a friendly________. A.atmosphere B.state D.phenomenon ? 跟 C.situation ? 踪 [解析] A 谈判应该在友好的氛围(atmosphere)中进行。

? 训 ? 练

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

3.I have seldom seen the restaurant________ crowded with customers as it is now. A.so B.very C.too D.rather [解析] A 考查易混副词辨析。as…as…句型在否定句 中可以替换为so…as…

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

4.It is reported that the floods have left about________ people homeless. A.two thousand B.twothousands C.two thousands D.two thousands of [解析] A thousand等词前有具体的数字时,后面不能 加s,也不能加of。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

5.In a way I can see what you mean,even though I don't________ your point of view. A.agree B.permit C.recognise D.share [解析] D 考查动词辨析。根据语境可知应为“认同你 的观点”之意。agree意为“同意”,后接about/on sth; permit“允许,准许”;recognise“认识,认出”; 均与语境不相符。 share 意为“分享”,这里可引申为 “认同”。故D项正确。

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6.The aim of our training is to teach the students to have the ability of solving problems________. A.of their own B.on their own C.to their own D.in their own [解析] B 考查介词短语辨析。句意:我们训练的目的 在于教会学生具备独立解决问题的能力。on one's own“独立地,独自地”;of one's own“属于某人自己 的”。根据题意可知答案为B。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

7.As we joined the big crowd I got________ from my friends. A.separated B.spared C.lost D.missed [解析] A get separated from sb“与某人分开”。“我”和 “我”的朋友们被分开了,而不是丢失了。get lost/missed “迷路”。

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8.They are of ________ height, but I think Mary ________ the job. A.equally;is equal B.equal;is equal to C.equal;equals D.equally;is equaled [解析] B 考查形容词用法。equal为形容词,可以表 示“相同的”,修饰名词height;be equal to the job 称职,其中to是介词。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

9.The company________ the rock group's new record by playing it often on the radio. A.promised B.promoted C.progressed D.proceeded [解析] B 考查动词辨析。promote 促进,促销(商品 等)。句意:这家公司在电台反复播放摇滚乐队新唱片 以进行促销。promise“许诺”;progress“取得进步”; proceed“继续进行(前进)”。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

10.—Honey,let's go out for dinner. —________ I don't have to cook. A. Forget it! B. That's great! C. Why? D. Go ahead. [解析] B 考查交际用语。由答语“我不用做饭了”可 知是同意对方的建议。Forgot it!“忘了吧”,常表示 反对意见; That's great!“太好了”,表示同意对方 的意见;Why?“为什么”,表示疑问;Go ahead.表 示“去吧”。 ? 跟 请完成课时作业?二?

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阅读写作(二) [应用文写作之申 请信]

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

◇ 写作点拨 ◇ 申请信有很多种,有求职申请信、加入某组织的申 请信、报考申请信、申请学位或留学申请信等等。写 申请信时要注意语言言简意赅,语气诚恳礼貌。要避 免不符合事实的浮夸。如果是留学申请和奖学金申请, 要注意提供以下信息:写明申请学校和专业,简介个 人履历,索取对方学校相关信息,附上个人经历等材 料。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

申请信一般都包括这样几个部分:申请的原因, 具备的条件,恳请申请单位考虑自己的申请并表示谢 意,期望回复。具体为: 第一段:说明写信的目的,介绍自己是谁,对所申请 职位或学位的单位或院校的了解以及自己将会为对方 所做的贡献,信息的来源等,这一段要写得简短而又 能吸引收信人的注意力。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

第二段:介绍自己的学历或工作经历,本人的个性, 已经取得的成绩,说明你为何对这一职位或学校感兴 趣以及你对未来的打算等等。 第三段:表示感谢和期待对方优先考虑自己的申请, 以求得面试等机会。这段尤其要注意语气应礼貌而又 自信。

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

◇ 词句模板 ◇ 1.说明应聘原因常用语: (1)I learned from sb./ the newspaper that your company wanted to hire… (2)I was told that… (3)I have just read in the newspaper that… (4)I am writing to inquire opportunities for…

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2.介绍个人简历和优势常用语: (1)Now I'd like to introduce myself to you. (2)My name is….I'm…years old. I'm…cm tall. (3)I graduated from…University in 2003. (4)I like swimming,singing and dancing in my spare time. (5)I work hard and I can get along/on well with others.

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(6)I'm good at English and especially my spoken English is fairly good. (7)I can understand Japanese and I can talk to foreigners in Japanese freely. (8)I am currently studying… (9)I would be interested in doing sth. (10)My main specialization is…

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3.表示感谢,请求答复并提供联系方式常用语: (1)Thank you very much. (2)Thank you for your consideration of my application. (3)If you agree with me,I'll work hard and try to be a… (4)I am available for an interview… (5)I look forward to hearing from you. (6)If you agree with me,please write a letter to me or phone me. I live at… (7)My telephone number is…

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4.申请信格式模板: Dear Sir/Madam, I write this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in ___________ (报纸名称) of ______ (广告发布时间). I am __________ from ________.As a/an ________, I have been _______.Besides, I won _________ in _______.If you consider me appropriate for the job, please call me at ________.

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I will appreciate it very much if you could give me an early reply./Thank you for considering my application, and I am looking forward to meeting you. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

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第2讲 Unit 2 Heroes

【活学活用】 假设你是晨光中学的高中生李华。你校拟选拔一批优秀 学生,利用暑期到晨曦希望小学为学生辅导英语。你 希望参加此活动。请根据以下提示,用英语给校评选 组写一封申请信: ● 对此活动的认识(如对本人、……的益处等) ● 个人优势 ● 你的计划

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注意: 1.词数不少于100; 2.可适当增加细节,以使内容充实、行文连贯; 3.信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 参考词汇:晨曦希望小学 Chenxi Hope Primary School

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Dear Sir/Madam, I am Li Hua from Class One, Senior Two. _________ __________________________________________________ _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ Yours Sincerely, Li Hua

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【参考范文】 Dear Sir/Madam, I am Li Hua from Class One, Senior Two. I am writing to apply for the opportunity to help the students in Chenxi Hope Primary School with their English. Thus they can improve their English during the summer vacation. Meanwhile, I can learn how to get along well with the students.

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I think that I am qualified for the position. I'm kind, easygoing and always ready to help others. I wash clothes and make the bed by myself to develop independence. English is my favorite subject and I have won several prizes in English contests.

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I plan to communicate with students first to know what they need. Besides, I'll try to get them more interested in English by telling stories, singing songs, playing games and so on. I'd appreciate it if you could give me the opportunity. Yours Sincerely, Li Hua

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佳 作 晨 读 基 础 梳 理 考 点 探 析 跟 踪 训 练

第3讲 Unit 3

Celebration

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

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佳 作 晨 ? 读

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[2012· 湖南卷] Directions: Write an English composition according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 生活中,你自己或他人曾有过物品不慎 丢失而又找回的经历,其间有烦恼、有惊 喜、有感慨??请就此写一篇英语短文。 主要内容包括:1)丢失的物品;2)物品 失而复得的经过;3)你的感想。 注意: 返回目录 1. 词数不少于120个;

第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

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佳 —— 精 彩 美 文 —— 作 Oh, my God! Where is my iPhone? I made a call just 晨 读 now on the bus. Suddenly I remembered I?ve put it on the
seat next to me. It?s my birthday present from my father.

He would be sad if he knew it.

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

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佳 I go to school as usual this morning, trying to stay 作 晨 calm. The first two classes ended quickly because I was minded. During the break, my math teacher asked 读 absentme to visit him. I am very uneasy because I didn?t know what I had done wrong. Seeing me standing there, my teacher showed me my iPhone. Overjoyed, I grasped it back quickly. It turned out that the driver of the bus that I

often take saw the picture of me in my iPhone and knew that I was a student of ××× school.

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

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佳 I am very moved that the driver took so much trouble 作 晨 to send it to my school. The event will always remind me to 读 be kind and helpful.

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

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佳 —— 名 师 点 睛 —— 作 晨 1.行文逻辑:简述事件:丢失的物品→失而复得的经过 读 →发表感想。
2.词汇短语:运用了较高难度的词汇和短语。如: Suddenly,as usual, absentminded,uneasy,turn out,remind…to do等。

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

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佳 作 3.句式句法:运用了多样化的句式和句法结构。如: He 晨 would be sad if he knew it(虚拟语气); …trying to stay 读 calm(非谓语动词);…because I was absent?minded(原因
状语从句);because I didn?t know what I had done wrong (because 引导的原因状语从句,what引导的名词性从 句);Seeing (现在分词作状语)me standing (现在分词作宾 语补足语)there;It turned out that the driver of the bus that I often take saw the picture of me in my iPhone and knew that I was a student of ××× school (it为形式主语 ,第一个that引导的是一个主语从句,第二个that引导的 是定语从句,第三个that引导的是宾语从句)。
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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

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? Ⅰ.单词荟萃 occasion occasional 基 1.________ n.毕业→________ vi.毕业n.毕 occasionally ? 础 业生 tradition traditional 梳 decorate decoration ? 理 2.________ n.时刻,时机→________ adj. decorator 偶尔的→____________ adv.偶尔地 retire retirement retired ? 3.________ n.传统→________ adj.传统的 ? 4.________ vt.装饰,布置→________ n.装饰→________ n.装饰工 ? 5.________ vi.退休→________ n.退休
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graduation

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Celebration
application

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? 6._______ vi.申请 vt.应用→__________ 基 n.申请; attend attendance 础 power powerful ? 应用→________ n.申请人→________ 梳 sticky stick adj.应用的,实用的 理 fortunately fortunate ? 7.________ vt.出席,参加→________ unfortunately fortune n.出席,参加 ? 8.________ n.控制力;权力→________ adj.强有力的 ? 9.________ adj.粘的,黏性的 返回目录 →________v.粘贴

applicant

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? ? 基? 础 ? 梳 理? ? ? ? ? ?

Ⅱ.短语检测 apply for 1.申请 if/though ________________ even 2.即使 _______________ decorate…with… at the bottom _______________ 3.用??来装饰?? of… carry on 4.在??的底部 __________________ depend on 5.继续 _______________ burn down take part in 6.依靠 _______________ on time 7.烧毁,烧成平地 _______________ put up 8.参加_______________ 9.准时 _________________________返回目录

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? Ⅲ.佳句再现 ? 1.sth /sb be said to be… 据说…… is said to be ? 基? On this day,the moon______________ ? 础 its biggest and brightest. ? 梳 据说,在这天月亮最大、最亮。 ? 理? ? 2.while作并列连词 while ? After lunch, the adults slept on the sofas in front of the Queen's speech on TV __________ we all played cards. ? 午饭后,大人躺在播放女王演讲的电 视机前的沙发上,而我们全都玩牌。 返回目录

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? 3.倒装句 was the stocking ? At the bottom of the bed 基 ________________,now full of all kinds of 础 small presents and sweets. 梳 ? 袜子在床尾,现在已装满了各种各样 理 的小礼物和 it was hard to swallow ? 糖果。 ? 4.动词不定式作主语,it作形式主语 ? I put so much food in my mouth sometimes that______________________________. 返回目录

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? 5.with的复合结构:with+宾语+宾补 with ? Then we had tea,______________ a covered with snowmen 基 huge Christmas 础 cake______________________________. 梳 ? 接着我们喝下午茶,吃用雪人装饰的 理 大圣诞蛋糕。 ? ?
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◇ 单词点睛 ◇ 1 depend vi.确信,坚信;信赖,依靠 (1)depend on/upon 依靠;依赖 depend on sb to do sth 依靠某人做某事 depend on/upon it+that… 指望……;对……深信不疑 ? 考 that/it (all) depends 看情况而定 ? 点 (2)dependence n. 依靠,依赖 ? 探 dependent adj. 有依赖性的 ? 析 independent adj. 独立的 independence n. 独立
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温馨提示 that/it (all) depends 是高考中高频句型,要熟练 掌握。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?阅读B] The answer depends largely on cultural values as well as personal experiences. 答案很大程度上取决于文化价值观和个人经历。 depends on/upon (2)Our success __________________ whether everyone works hard. 我们的成功取决于我们是否努力工作。

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(3)—Is he coming? It/That (all) depends —__________________, but usually he may not have time. “他会来吗?” “那要看情况,但是通常他可能没有时间。”

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(4)—How often do you eat out? —________,but usually once a week. A.Have no idea B.It depends C.As usual D.Generally speaking [解析] B 考查交际用语。have no idea“不知道”;it depends “根据实际情况而定”;as usual “像往常一 样”;generally speaking “一般而言”。根据答语下半 句but usually once a week可知选B。

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2

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考 点 探 析

burn v.烧毁,烧坏,烧伤,烧焦;烫伤 n.烧伤; 灼伤(的痕迹) (1)burn sth to the ground (使)烧成平地 burn sth down (被)焚毁,烧毁 be/get burned 烧伤,烫伤 (2)burning adj.燃烧的,火热的

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?安徽卷?阅读B] During the 1970s,people started becoming concerned about the pollution that is created when coal and gas are burned to produce electricity. 在20世纪70年代,人们就开始担心当煤和燃气被燃 烧发电时产生的污染了。 your light burning (2)Don't leave __________________ all night. 别让你的灯整夜都亮着。

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not to burn your mouth (3)Be careful ____________________ when you drink the hot water. 在你喝热水时,小心别烫伤你的嘴。 (4)Be careful with fire,or it will________ the whole building. A.burn down B.burn with C.burn up D.put up [解析] A 考查短语辨析。burn down(建筑物被) 烧毁,火力减弱;burn with有强烈的情绪或要求; burn up被烧毁,烧得更旺/亮,消耗;put up 张贴,修建,举起(手)。此处应是“把……烧毁”的 意思,选A。
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3

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mess n.(dirty or untidy state)脏或乱的状态 v.(put sth into a dirty state)把(某事物)弄乱,弄脏, 弄糟 (1)be in a mess 乱七八糟 get into a mess 陷入麻烦(混乱)中 make a mess of 打乱??,把??弄得很乱 What a mess! 多乱呀! (2)mess up 弄脏,弄乱

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)Though the NMET is drawing near day by day, I still find I have so much to learn, to revise, to memorize and to analyze but without enough time. Oh, dear, everything seems to be in a mess. 尽管高考在一天天地逼近,我发现我仍然有这么多 的东西要学习、要复习、要记忆、要分析,但是却 没有足够的时间。哦,天哪,一切看起来都是一 团糟。

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考 点 探 析

(2)You can't go halfway when you're painting the walls. Otherwise, you'll probably make a mess of it __________________. 你油漆墙壁时不能半途而废, 否则会把事情弄糟的。 (3)You should remind him to be careful. Otherwise he mess everything up may __________________. 你应该提醒他小心些,要不然他可能会把所有的事 情都弄糟的。

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4

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contribute v.捐赠,贡献;投稿;有助于 (1)contribute to 对??作出贡献;投入?? (2)contributor n. 投稿者;捐助者 contribution n. 贡献,捐献,捐助;稿件 make a contribution to (doing) 为??作出贡献

考 点 探 析

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【知识拓展】 contribute to短语中,to为介词,后面可跟名词、代词 或动名词。同类的短语还有: belong to 属于 look forward to 盼望 get down to 着手做 考 stick to 坚持 点 lead to 导致 探 refer to 提到;参考 析 attend to 处理;照顾 turn to 求助于;翻到 pay attention to 注意
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apply to 应用于 object to 反对 agree to 同意 appeal to 吸引;呼吁 set to 开始做 come to 到达;达到(某种状态) ? 考 devote oneself to 致力于 ? 点 be/get used to 习惯于 ? 探 relate to 关于;与??有关

? 析

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?上海卷?阅读简答] The dramatic increase of mothers in the workplace has further contributed to the reduction in the amount of time adolescents spend with adults. 工作场合中母亲所占比例的快速增长进一步加剧了青少 考 年与成人共度时间的减少。 点 (2)As is known, exercise_________________ blood contributes to 探 circulation. 析 众所周知,运动有助于促进血液循环。

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contribute to this magazine (3)Many people want to_________________________. 很多人都想向这家杂志社投稿。 to (4)The singer__________ $7,000__________that small contributed village school. 这位歌手向那个小山村学校捐赠了7000美元。

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考 点 探 析

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考 点 探 析

(5)An increase in the price of drugs has________ the rising cost of medical care. A.contributed to B.turned to C.got used to D.come to [解析] A 考查动词短语辨析。contribute to“促成”; turn to“转向”;get used to“习惯于”;come to“谈 及”。句意:药价的上涨导致了医疗护理费用的上 涨。

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5

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考 点 探 析

apply vt.(put sth onto sth )涂,敷;应用,运用; (后常接oneself)使致力(于),使专心从事(+to) vi.申请;应用,使用;适用 (1)apply sth to sth 将某物应用于某物 apply oneself to 专心致志于 apply to sb for sth 向某人申请某物 be applied to 适用于,应用于;施加于 apply for 申请;请求 (2)application n. 申请;请求;申请书 applicant n. 申请人

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?福建卷?短文填词] You don't apply for a job in case you don't get it. 为防失败,你没有应聘工作。 apply both theories (2)We should________________ in the language classroom. 我们应把两种理论都运用到语言教室中去。 be applied to (3)This rule cannot________________ every case. 这条规则并不是在每种情况下都能适用的。

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考 点 探 析

apply for a job (4)If you want to __________________ at the office where I work, I can provide some information, which may be useful for you. 如果你想申请我所在单位的工作,我可以提供一些 信息,这些信息对你可能有用。 (5)Parents ________ much importance to education.They will do their best to give their children that priceless gift. A.attach B.pay C.link D.apply [解析] A 考查动词搭配。attach importance to是固 定搭配,表示“重视,看重”。

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6 power n.(ability to do or act)(人的)能力;控制 力,权力;影响力;(strength or energy behind or contained in sth)力,力量 (1)be in power/get into power 开始掌权,上台 take/seize power 夺取政权 lose power 下台 be in one's power 在某人的控制之下 (2)powerful adj. 强大的;强有力的;有影响力的 powerless adj. 无权力的;无效的

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江西卷?阅读C] Big Brothers Big Sisters is based on the simplicity and power of friendship. “大哥大姐”组织以简单和友谊的力量为基础。 the power of (2)He has lost________________________ speech. 他丧失了语言能力。 losing power (3)They're frightened of____________________. 他们害怕失去权力。 came into power (4)This government________________________ at the last election. 这一届政府是经过最后的大选上台执政的。

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考 点 探 析

(5)Many countries are increasing their use of natural gas,wind and other forms of________. A.energy B.source C.power D.material [解析] A 从常识可知,天然气(natural gas)和风 (wind)都是能源,所以要选择energy作为答案。 source的意思是“源泉”;power的意思是“能力,动 力,权力”;material的意思是“材料”。

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7

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考 点 探 析

destroy vt.破坏,毁坏(某物) destruction n.破坏,摧毁 destructive adj. 毁灭性的 【词语辨析】 damage,destroy与ruin (1)damage 指价值、用途降低或外表损坏等,不一定 全部破坏,表示可以修复的破坏。如: The car was badly damaged,so the driver had it repaired.这辆车被严重损毁,所以司机请人修理它。

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(2)destroy强调以具有摧毁或杀伤性的力量把某物彻底毁掉。 如: The big fire destroyed the old man‘s house.He was very sad.大火毁坏了老人的房子。他非常伤心。 (3)ruin 亦指彻底毁掉,但不含有以某种摧毁性的力量进行 破坏之意,而含有在一定的过程中逐渐毁坏的意思。 考 如: 点 This is an ancient ruined city. 探 这是一座已毁灭的古城。 析 The crops are nearly ruined by the continuous rain. 连续不断的雨水几乎毁坏了这些庄稼。
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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?山东卷?阅读A] Ninety percent of their island was destroyed and they had nothing. 他们90%的岛屿被毁了,他们一无所依了。 ruin (2)You will __________ your chances of the job if you wear that shirt to the interview. 如果你穿那件衬衫去面试,你将毁了获得这份工作 的机会。

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damage (3)Smoking can __________ your health,so give it up, please. 吸烟会损害你的健康,所以,请戒烟吧。 (4)After the earthquake,everything was completely destroyed __________________. 地震之后,所有的东西全部被毁了。

考 点 探 析

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8

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考 点 探 析

include vt.包含,包括 including sb /sth 包括某人/某事 sb /sth included 某人/某事被包括在内 温馨提示 including是介词,表示“包括??”,其用法为 including sb /sth ;included是形容词,表示“??包 括在内”,其用法为sb /sth included。

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【词语辨析】 include与contain include 一般指包括整体中的某一部分,常用其现在 分词形式进行解释性说明;contain侧重于“含有”, 可用于表示包含所含之物的全部或部分。

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跟 踪 训 练

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【巧学助记】

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考 点 探 析

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?阅读E] In 2035, “smart clothes” contain particles much smaller than the cells in your body. 在2035年,“巧衣服”包含有比你身体里的细胞还 小得多的粒子。 contains (2)His school bag__________________ a lot of books, including __________________ a cartoon book. 他的书包里有许多书,包括一本漫画书。

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考 点 探 析

contain the secret (3)The following few rules ____________________ of correct bookkeeping. 以下几条规定包含了正确记账的秘诀。 (4)We are short of teachers. The teacher in hospital________,we have only 32. A.including B.included C.includes D.include [解析] B including是介词,后接名词或代词作宾语; include是及物动词,后面需要接宾语; included形 容词,放在这里作后置定语。

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9

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考 点 探 析

mark n.痕迹;污点;斑 v.在某物上做记号 (1)mark sth 做记号于某物 be marked with 留下记号 (2)full marks 满分 book mark 书签 make a mark 做记号

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考 点 探 析

【活学活用】 (1)[2011?安徽卷?任务型读写] Politeness is a mark of civilization. 礼貌是文明的标志。 are marked (2)Prices __________________ on the goods. 价格标在商品上。 have marked the pages (3)I ____________________ you need to look at. 我已经给你需要看的页码做了记号。 has left a mark (4)The spilt coffee _________________ on the table cloth. 洒出来的咖啡在桌布上留下了印渍。

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10 serve v.提供食物,端上饭菜;侍候,服务;供 职 (1)serve as 用作 serve sb (with sth) 给某人提供(某物) (2)servant n. 仆人 service n. 服务;帮助 ? 考 be of service 有用,能帮忙 ? 点 be at your service 随时为您服务,听您吩咐

? 探 ? 析

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?辽宁卷?阅读D] Previously volunteering at soup kitchens, the Birkys were dissatisfied with the often unhealthy meals they served there. Birky夫妇以前在制汤厨房做过义工,他们对那里通 常提供的不健康的食物不满意。 serve the people (2)We should____________________ heart and soul. 我们应该全心全意为人民服务。

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served with (3)Coffee is often____________________ milk. 咖啡通常与牛奶一起上。 serve (4)He continued to suppress the people and __________ the imperialists. 他继续镇压人民,为帝国主义效劳。

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11 attend vt.上学;出席,参加;护理,照料 (1)attend a lecture/movie/meeting 听演讲/看电影/参加会议 attend to 处理;注意倾听,专心于 attend school/classes 上学/上课 (2)attendance n. 出席;到校;出席人数 ? 考 attendant n. 服务员,侍者

? 点 ? 探 ? 析

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【词语辨析】 attend,join与take part(in) (1)attend强调动作,多指参加会议、听讲座、听课、 上学等。 (2)join尤指参加某一组织并成为其中一员,如join the club/league。join in sth /doing sth “参加(某事、 活动或比赛等)”。join sb in(doing)sth “和某人一 起参加(做)某事”。 (3)take part in尤指参加一些短暂的活动,如游行、 比赛等。如不跟宾语,则用take part。

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?湖南卷?阅读B] You could attend a class teaching you how to ‘learn from the masters’ or get more creative with paint—free of charge. 你可以上一节教你如何向大师学习的课程,或者获 得更多作画的创意——这些是免费的。 attended the meeting (2)Only seven people____________________________. 只有七个人参加了会议。

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(3)I may be late—I have got one or two things to attend to ___________________________. 我也许会迟到,我有一两件事要处理。 join in/take part in (4)It hasn‘t been decided who will__________________ the school sports meeting in our class. join us in dancing 我们班谁要参加学校运动会还没有定下来。 (5)Why not___________________________? 为什么不和我们一起跳舞?

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(6)Thousands of foreigners were _______ to the Shanghai World Expo the day it opened. A.attended B.attained C.attracted D.attached [解析] C 考查动词辨析。be attracted to表示“被吸 引到……”。attend(参加);attain(获得,达到); attach(粘贴,附属);均不符合语境,故排除。

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12 agree v.同意,赞成,(与某人)意见一致 (1)agree with sb 同意(某人的观点);(食物、气候等) 适合某人 agree on/about+n. 就??达成一致 agree to do sth 同意做某事 agree to+n. 同意(计划、安排等) 考 agree+that从句 同意??;承认?? 点 can't agree (with sb) more 探 完全同意,再同意不过了 析 (2)agreement n. 协议,合约

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【活学活用】 (1)[2011?安徽卷?任务型读写] If we agree that the function of education is to prepare us for life, then there is very little time to waste. 如果我们同意教育的 作用就是为生活做准备,那么就没有时间可以浪费 了。 agree with (2)Do you __________________ him on these terms? 在这些条款上,你同意他的意见吗? agree to your plan (3)Neither father nor mother would _______________. 爸爸妈妈都不会同意你的计划。

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(4)News reports say peace talks between the two with no agreement countries have broken down __________________ reached/without reaching any agreement _____________________________________. 新闻报道说两国之间谈判破裂,没有达成任何协议。

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(5) [2012?天津卷] —You have to believe in yourself. No one else will, if you don't. —________. Confidence is really important. A.It's not my cup of tea B.That's not the point C.I don't think so D.I couldn't agree more [解析] D 考查交际用语。根据语境,特别是从后句 “Confidence is really important.”可知,第二个人完 全同意第一个人的观点,故选D。 I couldn't agree more.我完全同意。
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13 suppose v.认定,认为,以为;猜想,料想, 假定 (1)be supposed to do sth 应该做某事 be supposed to have done sth 过去本该做某事 (但实际上未做) (2)supposing conj. 假如 ? 考 【经典句式】 ? 点 suppose + that 从句 认为?? ? 探 Let us suppose… 我们假设??

? 析

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷?完形] I suppose the positive side is that solitude is still possible for anyone who really wants it. 我猜想积极的一面是,独处对于那些真正想独处的 人来说还是有可能的。 are not supposed to (2)You __________________ play football in the classroom. 你们不许在教室里踢足球。

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do you suppose (3)How __________________ he got there? 你认为他是怎么到达那里的? (4)—Will he come? I suppose so —Yes, ____________________. “他会来吗?” “是的,我想他会来。” I don't suppose you could help me (5)_______________________________ with my homework. 我想你帮不了我做家庭作业。

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◇ 短语储存 ◇ 1 burn down 烧毁 burn out 烧掉,烧光;耗尽体力 burn off 烧掉 burn up 烧起来,旺起来 burn to the ground 全部焚毁

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【活学活用】 (1)The quick action of the firemen prevented the building from being burned down. 消防队员行动及时使该建筑物免遭焚毁。 burned to the ground (2)The garden was __________________ during the war. 这个园林在战争期间被全部焚毁。 burn up (3)I asked the boy to make the fire ______________. 我让男孩把火烧旺些。 burned down (4)The palace was____________________ and only ashes were left. 那座宫殿被烧毁了,只留下一片废墟。
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2

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even if 即使,虽然 as if 好像 only if 只有 if only 要是……就好了 even so 尽管如此,尽管这样 even then(now) 即使在那(这)样的情况下;即使 那时(现在)

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温馨提示 even if=even though,表示“即使”,用以引导让步 状 语从句;as if=as though,表示“好像”;only if表示 “只有”;而if only表示“要是……就好了”,后面的 状语 从句常用虚拟语气;What if…? 表示“要是……会怎 么 样?”;even so表示“即使这样”,为副词词组,不 能连 接句子。如: It was raining,but even so,we had to go out. 天在下雨,尽管这样,我们也不得不外出。 返回目录

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?江苏卷?完形] People have become so reachable in the world of networks and connections that one can often be contacted even if they'd rather not be. 在网络连接的世界中,人们已经变得如此容易联系 到以至于即使不愿意被联系,也可能经常被联系。 even if/though (2)I like her, __________________ she can be annoying at times. 我喜欢她,即使她有时候会招人烦。

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【活学活用】 as if (3)He talked __________he had known everything. 他说得好像他什么都知道。 Only if (4)_____________ you take the first place will I give you the bike. 只有你得了第一名,我才给你那辆自行车。 If only (5)____________ I had stayed with you then. 我那个时候要是和你待在一起就好了。 What if (6)____________ Dad knew our plan? 爸爸要是知道了我们的计划会怎么样?

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(7)[2012?北京卷] —Look at those clouds! —Don't worry. ________ it rains, we'll still have a great time. A.Even if B.As though C.In case D.If only [解析] A 考查让步状语从句。even if表示“即使”。 句意表示“即使下雨,我们也能玩得很开心”。as though=as if仿佛,好像;in case以防,以免;if only如果??就好了。

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3

carry on 继续 carry out 实施,执行,落实,贯彻;实现;完成 carry through 成功完成;渡过难关 carry off 赢得;成功应对困难局面 carry away 带走,冲走

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【活学活用】 (1)As a Chinese,I think we should carry on the social reform. 作为一个中国人,我认为我们应该继续社会改革。 (2)Before you come to a conclusion,you had better to carry out __________________ an investigation. 在你得出结论之前,你最好进行一次调查。 (3)It's a difficult job but she is the person to carry it through __________________. 这个事难做,但是她能够成功完成。

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(4)After months' practice,they decided to________ in the face of a lot of difficulties till success. A.carry on B.carry out C.put away D.put out [解析] A 句意:几个月的实践后,面对诸多困难他 们决定继续下去直到成功。carry on表示“继续”。

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◇ 句型透视 ◇ 1 On this day,the moon is said to be its biggest and brightest.据说,在这天月亮最大、最亮。

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句型公式

be said to be+adj.

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【相关句型】 (1)be said to be doing sth 据说正在做某事 (2)be said to do sth 据说将要做某事 (3)be said to have done sth 据说已经做了某事 (4)sth be said to be done 某事据说被做 (5)It is said(后接从句) 据说??

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温馨提示 (1)能在此句型中使用的常见动词有:hope,think, believe,require,expect,report,know等。既可 以用It is hoped/thought/believed+that clause,也 可以用于Sb/Sth be hoped/thought/believed to be/do…句型。 (2)Sth be said to…是句式It is said that…的变形,两者 含义相同。如: It is said her acting is outstanding.=Her acting is said to be outstanding.据说她的演技挺出色的。 (3)Sth be said to…后面的不定式形式取决于该动词的 主动与被动及是否已经发生。
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【活学活用】 (1)She is said to be a good manager, and charming with it. 据说,她是一位成功的经理人,并陶醉于此。 to be studying (2)He is said __________________ abroad,but I don't know which country he is studying in. 据说他正在国外学习,但我不知道他正在哪个国家 学习。

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to have studied (3)He is said__________________ abroad,but I don't know which country he studied in. 据说他曾在国外学习过,但我不知道他在哪个国家 学习过。 to study (4)He is said __________________ abroad,but I don't know which country he will study in.据说他要到国外 学习,但我不知道他将要去哪个国家学习。

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(5)Leonardo da Vinci(1452-1519)________ birds kept in cages in order to have the pleasure of setting them free. A.is said to be buying B.is said to have bought C.had said to buy D.has said to have bought [解析] B 考查sb/sth is said to have done sth句型。 句意:据说,达?芬奇曾买下关在笼子里的鸟,然后 放生,以得到其中的快乐。因为“买鸟”是已经做 过的事情,所以不能用正在进行时,而用完成时。 故答案选B。
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2

At the bottom of the bed was the stocking,now full of all kinds of small presents and sweets. 袜子在床尾,现在已装满了各种各样的小礼物和糖果。

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句型公式 地点状语位于句首的倒装结构

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【句式点拨】 At the bottom of the bed was the stocking是一个倒装 句式,相当于 The stocking was at the bottom of the bed。表示地点的状语位于句首时,句子需要用完全 倒装语序。与at the bottom of类似的副词还有in, out,up,down,here,over,there,off,away等, 如果它们位于句首,句子的主语如果是名词,则需要 用完全倒装语序,句子的谓语动词与后面的主语保持 一致。

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如: At the foot of the mountain lie a village and a factory. 山脚下有个村子和一个工厂。(lie) South of the river lies a small factory. 一个小型工厂坐落在河的南岸。(lies) 温馨提示 上述完全倒装句型的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人 称代词则不用完全倒装语序。如: Here you are.给你。

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【活学活用】 (1)At the foot of the mountain lies a beautiful lake. 山脚下有一个美丽的湖泊。 In front of the house sat (2)__________________________ a little boy. 房前坐着一个小男孩。 (3)At the foot of the mountain __________________. stand several hotels ? 考 在山脚下,有几家宾馆。

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(4)—Is everyone here? —Not yet…Look,there ________ the rest of our guests! A.Come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming [解析] A 考查倒装和时态。当副词here,there,in, out,up,down等置于句首时,且句子的主语是名 词,句子要完全倒装(如Here comes the bus!),此 处主语the rest of our guests表示复数,排除B、C项。 D项are coming表示“将来”,不符合题意,故答案 选A。

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Then we had tea,with a huge Christmas cake covered with snowmen.接下来我们喝下午茶,吃用 雪人装饰的大圣诞蛋糕。 句型公式

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with复合结构

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【相关句型】 “with+宾语+现在分词/过去分词/形容词/副词/不 定式/介词短语”构成复合结构在句中可以作状语或 定语。 (1)with+宾语+doing 如: He fell asleep with the light burning. 灯还亮着,他睡着了。(作状语) He lives in the room with light burning. 他住在亮着灯的那个房间。(作定语)

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(2)with+宾语+done 如: The murder was brought in,with his hands tied behind his back. 那个杀人犯被带了进来,双手绑在身后。(作状语) The murder with his hands tied behind his back was brought in. 那个双手被绑在身后的杀人犯被带了进来。(作定语) (3)with+宾语+adj. 如: He used to sleep with all the windows open. 他过去常常把所有的窗户打开睡觉。

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(4)with+宾语+adv. 如: Her mother sat on an armchair with her head down. 她妈妈坐在扶手椅上,头低着。 (5)with+宾语+不定式 如: With nothing to do,he had to go to bed. 没有事做,他只好上床睡觉了。

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(6)with+宾语+介词短语 如: The woman sat there,with a baby in her arms. 那个女人坐在那里,怀里抱着孩子。(作状语) The woman with a baby in her arms is Tom's sister.那 个怀里抱着孩子的女人是汤姆的姐姐。(作定语)

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【活学活用】 (1)[2012?安徽卷?任务型读写] In China, you may present your card with the writing facing the person you are giving it to. 在中国,你递你的名片时,可以把有字的一面对着你要 给的人。 ? 考 (2)_______________________ the way, we started towards With the old man leading ? 点 the river. ? 探 由老人带路,我们开始向河边方向去。

? 析

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(3)You can't imagine how she finished the relay race with wounded her foot ___________ so severely. 她的脚伤得这样严重,你无法想象她是如何完成接力比 赛的。 (4)She was thinking about what to do next with her head __________________. in her hands ? 考 她双手抱着头,想接下来做什么事情。

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Ⅰ.单词拼写 graduation 1.After___________ (毕业),she became a teacher. traditional 2.He has a______________ (传统的)view of women. etired 3.The r____________ old man moved to the countryside since he doesn't need to work any more. ttending 4.After a_________ the lecture,the students had a heated discussion. 5.I am determined to s______ the people heart and soul erve when I grow up.

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Ⅱ.选词填空

put up, depend on, agree on, go through, taken part in 1. People from other take part in also_______________ cultures have
the dragon boat races and enjoy the fun. go through 2.Mary is too fat to___________ the narrow door. agree on 3.My mum and sister didn't___________ anything about the wedding. put up 4.The boy________ his hand so that he could catch the teacher's attention. depend on ? 跟 5.A lot will_____________ how she responds to the ? 踪 challenge.

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Ⅲ.单项填空 1.On one________,she called me in the middle of the night. A.occasion B.time C.chance D.times [解析] A 句意:有一次她深更半夜打电话给我。 occasion指“某次,??的时候”;time前常用at,at one time“曾经,一度”。

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2.This dictionary________ ten parts,________ one special part with some pictures. A.contains;including B.includes;containing C.contains;containing D.includes;including [解析] A 句意:这本词典包含10个部分,包括一个有 一些图片的特殊部分。contain表示“包含(某内容)”; include表示“(整体)包含(部分)”,故答案为A。

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3.In that big fire all their houses were________,so they had to build new ones. A.hurt B.harmed C.injured D.destroyed [解析] D 考查动词辨析。Hurt “受到伤害”;harm “对??有害”;injure “受伤”;destroy “彻底毁坏”。 句意:大火中他们所有的房子都被彻底毁坏,所以他 们不得不建新房子。

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4.Jack is making up his mind to get a ticket for the concert________ it means standing in a queue all night. A.as if B.even if C.in case D.as long as [解析] B 句意:即使排一晚上的队,杰克也下决心要 买到音乐会的票。even if表示“即使”。

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5.The man stood there with his hands________. A.folding B.being folded C.to be folded D.folded [解析] D 在with复合结构中,动词fold与hands存在 被动关系,所以用过去分词folded作宾补。

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6.The girl on the bus began to sing a pop song and soon all the others________. A.took B.joined in C.attended D.took part in [解析] B 由句意得知,所有的人都加入到了唱歌的行 列。join in意为“参加”。take part in意为“参加(大型活 动)”,其中in为介词。

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7.________ from the tenth floor when the policeman pointed his pistol at him. A.Jumped down the burglar B.Down the burglar jumped C.The burglar jumped down D.Down jumped the burglar [解析] D 考查倒装结构。表方位的副词down位于句 首,谓语动词是表示动作的动词jump,且主语是名词 burglar,应该用完全倒装,整个谓语动词应位于主语 ? 跟 之前。

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8.I'm sure your suggestion will________ the problem. A.contribute to solving B.be contributed to solve C.contribute to solve D.be contributed to solving [解析] A contribute to意为“有助于,促成”,to是介 词,所以后面应接名词或动名词。句意:我相信你的 建议将有助于问题的解决。

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9.They________ in spite of the extremely difficult conditions. A.carried out B.carried off C.carried on D.carried forward [解析] C 考查动词短语辨析。carry out“执行,实 施”;carry off “赢得某物,成功地应付局面”;carry on“继续做某事”;carry forward“过账,结转”。句意: 尽管境况非常艰难,他们决定继续下去。根据句意, 应选C。

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10.—Which film do you prefer, The Flowers of War or Guns and Roses? —To tell you the truth, I like ________ because they are so extraordinary. A.both B.either C.none D.neither [解析] A 考查不定代词。句意:“电影《金陵十三钗》 和《黄金大劫案》你更喜欢哪部?”“说实话,两部 我都喜欢,因为它们确实非常出色。”both“两者 都”,表示肯定;either“两者中任何一个的”;none ? 跟 用于三者或三者以上的全部否定;neither“两者都 ? 踪 不”。 ? 训 请完成课时作业?三

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阅读写作(三) [完形填空技法指 导之首句理解]

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◇ 重视首句理解 ◇ 首句是了解文章全貌的窗口。一般来说,记叙文类 的文章的首句会交代4个W (when,where,who, what),说明文类的文章的首句会解释要说明的对象, 议论文类的文章的首句会提出一个论点。首句往往是 整篇文章的统领句,概括了整篇文章的中心和写作意 图。而且每段的首句通常有承上启下的作用,是文章 发展过程中的重要线索。细读首句可以判断文章体裁, 预测文章大意和主旨。读懂首句可以帮助考生建立正 确的思维导向,对理解全文起着至关重要的作用。所 以在仔细阅读了首句后,应快速阅读全文,确定文章 的体裁、主旨和结构。
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1 [2012?山东卷] (节选)Whenever we hear about “the homeless,” most of us think of the Developing World. But the __1__ is that homelessness is everywhere. For example, how many of us would expect to see people living on the streets of a __2__ country like Germany? 1.A. result B.truth C.reason D.idea 2.A. traditional B.developing C.typical D.wealthy

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

【点睛】 本文为记叙文,文章一开始就用一个词“the homeless” 点明了故事的话题,接着又用一个词“But”导入了故 事的主旨——柏林街头的无家可归者,由此不难预测 文章的主旨大意以及故事寓意。前两空的答案也便迎 刃而解。

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

1.B 很多人认为,无家可归者都在发展中国家。事实上, 无家可归者无处不在。很显然,描述的是一个客观的 事实,所以用truth。result“结果”;reason“原因”; idea“想法,观点”。 2.D 对应上文以及常识可知,发展中国家都是比较贫穷 的,而德国是发达国家,所以应该选D,意思是“富裕 的”。句意:比如,我们有多少人会想到在像德国这 样富裕的国家看到人们流落街头呢?traditional“传统 的”;developing“发展的”;typical“典型的”。

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

2 [2011?江西卷] (节选)What a busy day!The three boys were fed,bathed and changed into their nightclothes. Mary had__1__ them a story and finally they were asleep. “Babysitting (照看)the three boys aged eight,six and four is extremely__2__,”she thought. 1.A. given B.written C.told D.taught 2.A. successful B.helpful C.tiring D.surprising

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

【点睛】 本文为记叙文,文章一开始寥寥数语就点明了故事的时 间、人物、地点。由此不难预测文章可能是关于保姆 玛丽在照顾小孩时的一段趣事。

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

1.C 联系前文的喂孩子、帮孩子洗澡和换衣服等,这里 指的是给孩子讲故事哄他们睡觉。故答案选C。 2.C 考查形容词辨析。联系前文可知照看三个孩子的工 作令人很疲倦。A项“成功的”;B项“有帮助的”;C项 “令人疲倦的”;D项“令人惊奇的”,只有C项符合语境。

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Unit 3

Celebration

【活学活用】 When I began planning to move to Auckland to study, my mother was worried about a lack of jobs and cultural differences. Ignoring these __1__,I got there in July 2010. __2__ I arrived,I realized the importance of getting a job __3__ my living expenses. Determined to do this __4__,I spent several weeks going door- door tofor a job, but found __5__ response(回应).

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

1.A. doubts C. instructions 2.A. Even if C. Now that 3.A. of C. for 4.A. on my own C. by any chance 5.A. any C. some

B. concerns D. reasons B. Every time D. Soon after B. at D. with B. on my way D. by the day B. much D. little

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

【点睛】 本文是夹叙夹议型的记叙文,由首句信息可以预测文章 是关于“出国留学、遇到困难、战胜困难”的励志故 事。带着对文章的预测可以轻松地展开阅读。

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第3讲

Unit 3

Celebration

1.B 根据上文提示,妈妈对“我”去奥克兰有很多顾虑, 而“我”忽视这些“顾虑”,于2010年7月去了奥克兰。 concern表示“顾虑”。 2.D 到了那里后很快就意识到为“我”的生活开销找一份 工作的重要性。表示“很快”,应用soon after。 3.C 表示“为我的生活开销”,故用介词for。 4.A 从后来作者一次又一次地找工作,而不是请朋友或 家人帮忙,可以看出是作者“独自”找工作。故用on my own。 5.D 从but可以看出,尽管作者挨家挨户地找工作,但 是几乎没有得到回复。故用表示否定的词little。
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