Warming Up & Reading－
?Step One：Ask and Discussion
Look at the followi
ng pictures and then complete the
1．—What’s this? —It’s an____________.It is an old calculating machine used in 答案：abacus China until now.
2．—What’s this? —It’s a____________.It is a new calculating machine
can solve a large number of mathematical
—It’s a__________.It is a personal computer which
can solve all kinds of problems and is widely used now.
—It’s a__________.It is a kind of useful computer
which can be taken conveniently like a notebook.
?Step Two：Fast Reading
Scan the text and then choose the best answer
according to the text. 1．Who am “I” according to the text? A．An operator. C．A computer. B．A robot. D．An inventor.
2．Why is Alan Turing called the real father of the
A．He invented the computer.
B．He made the computer smaller.
C．He made the computer widely used. D．He wrote a book about the computer. 答案：D
3．Why did the computer completely change its
A．Because it could do many things.
B．Because its memory greatly improved.
C．Because it could simplify sums. D．Because it never forgot things. 答案：B
4．When were the computers connected to one
A．In early 1960s. B．In the 1970s. C．In the 1940s. D．In the year of 1936.
5．What can we learn from the text? A．The computer will take the place of human beings. B．The computer will be smarter than human beings. C．The computer will be a disaster for human beings.
D．The computer will be used in many fields in life.
?Step Three：Careful Reading
Ⅰ.Read the text and then answer the following
1．Who was the real father? ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ 答案：Alan Turing.
2．What has happened to “I” since the 1970s? ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________
答案：I have been used in offices and homes，and
many applications have been found for me. 3．What’s the main idea of the text? ___________________________________________ 答案：This is a short history of the development of
Ⅱ.Please find out the topic sentence of each paragraph. Para.1______________________________________ Para.2______________________________________ Para.3______________________________________
答案：Para.1：Over time I have been changed
quite a lot. Para.2：These changes only became possible as my memory improved. Para.3：Since the 1970s many new applications
have been found for me.
?Step Four：Summary I began as a 1.____________ machine in 1642.It took nearly two hundred years 2.____________ I was built as an analytical machine.I became a “universal machine” in 1936 to 3.____________ any mathematical problem.I was very big at one time.However，as time 4.____________，I was made smaller and smaller.I was given a family 5.____________ by a network in the early 1960s.I was able to 6.____________ my knowledge with others 7.____________ the World Wide Web.
I have been widely used in many fields，such as in communication ， 8.____________ ， trade and medical 9.____________.I have also been put into robots and space rockets to 10.____________ the Moon and Mars.I’m glad I am a devoted friend and helper of the human race. 答案：1.calculating 2.before 3.solve 4.went by 5．connected 6.share 7.through 8.finance 9．operations 10.explore
?Step Five：Discussion With the development of computer technology，
the Internet had become more and more popular
among students.However，just as a saying goes，a coin has two sides.The Internet brings both advantages and disadvantages to students.Discuss with your partners to list some advantages and
disadvantages of the Internet.
Advantages： ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Disadvantages： ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________
(1)communicate with friends(all over the world)
(2)listen to the music
(3)see films & watch news (4)play games (5)do shopping (6)save a lot of time
(7)do a lot of useful things Disadvantages： (1)Some people especially the teenagers are addicted to the computer games and chatting on the Internet.
As a result，they have little time to study.
(2)Some people use the computer wrongly.