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倒装句式总结及运用


高考英语专项总结及运用之 倒装句式 It’s impossible to defeat a person who never gives up his dreams and keeps on fighting till the end.

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倒装句 用法总结及运用
谓语动词放在主语之前的这种语法现象称

为倒装。 从倒装的形式来看, 可分为全部倒装(full inversion)和部分倒装(partial inversion)两种。

前者是指整个谓语置于主语之前,而后者仅是指助动词、情态动词或 be 动词等功能置于主语这前。

(决不), in vain, .等否定意义副词或其短语置于句首。 In no way can they leave freely Little did he know who the woman was./ 题组训练 D: 1. (2014 湖南)35. Not once ________ to Michael that he could one day become a top student in his class.
A. occurred it B. it did occur C. it occurred D. did it occur

一 全部倒装
基本结构为“引起倒状的词或词组+ 谓语+ 主语”

★1.here/ there/等方向副词开头的句子,等动词时。结构为:”adv+ 谓语+ 主语”. ★但代词做主语时,主谓语序不变
Now comes your turn. / Here he comes. / Here is a ticket for you. Here you are. There she comes. There comes the bus. Here comes the old lady! 题组训练 A: 1. (13 江苏,33) —Is everyone here? —Not yet……Look , there_______ the rest of our guests! A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming 2.[13 福建,25]For a moment nothing happened. Then_______ all shouting together. A. voices had come B. came voices C. voices would come D. did voices come 3. ________ a beautiful palace ________ the foot of the hill. A. There stand; at B. There stands; under C. Stands there; under D. There stands; at 4. There ________. And here ______. A. goes the phone; she comes B. is the phone going; is she C. does the phone go; does she come D. the phone goes; come she 5. Out ________, with a stick in his hand. A. did he rush B. rushed he C. he rushed D. he did rush ★2. 表示地点的介词短语放句首时。结构为: “状语+ 谓语+ 主语”. ★但: 如果主语是人称代词时,主谓语序不变. In the armchair she sat. At the foot of the hill lies a beautiful lake. Under the tree was lying a wounded soldier. 题组训练 B: 1.(14 重庆)At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River__, one of the ten largest cities in China A. lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies C. does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie 2. .(14 辽宁 35)In the dark forests ,some large enough to hold several English towns. A. stand many lakes B.lie many lakes C.many lakes lie D.many lakes stand 3. Near the church ____ cottage. A. was such an old B. had a so old C. was such old a D. is so an old 4. 5.(08 陕西 7) Not until the motorbike looked almost new repairing and cleaning it. A. he stopped B. did he stop C. stopped he D. he did stop ★3 主语过长时,表语放在句首,结构为"分词+ be + 主语"结构 Present at the meeting will be a person who thinks up an idea for an ad. Gone are the days when they could play together. Attending our class are some distinguished experts and teachers, let?s give them our warmest welcome.(10 江苏高考) 4. 在表示祝愿的句子中表示祝愿的句子中,常全部倒装;,若谓语带有情态动词,则用部分倒装 Long live China! / Long live the People’s Republic of China! May you succeed! (部分倒装)

2.(14 四川,9).We laugh at jokes,but seldom about how they work. A.we think B.think we C.we do think D.do we think 3. (13 上海 31)—How was the televised debate last night? —Super! Rarely so much media attention. A.a debate attracted B.did a debate attract C.a debate did attractD.attracted a debate 4..(12 安徽 22)Little that we were watching his every move, so he seemed to be going his own way in this business. A.he realized B.he didn?t realize C.didn?t he realize D.did he realize 5.(12 重庆 24)I?ve tried very hard to improve my English.But by no means with my progress. A.the teacher is not satisfied B.is the teacher not satisfied C.the teacher is satisfied D.is the teacher satisfied

★三..重要结构:
Not only+助动词+主语+其他, but also +主语+谓语(不仅…, 而且…) (前面倒装) no sooner ……. than… (前面倒装,主句用过去完成时,从句用一般过去时) hardly/scarcely ……when……(前面倒装主句用过去完成时,从句一般过去时) not until-clause +主句(后面主句倒装 ) neither + 部分倒装 nor + 部分倒装 (两个都倒装) Not only can reading help us enlarge our knowledge, but also it can broaden our horizon.读书不仅能帮助我们扩大知识,而且还 能拓展我们的视野。

题组训练 E: 1. 学以致用 ①.The public should not only be clear that it is a shame to throw rubbish around, but also

governments should teach people and raise their awareness of protecting the environment
②.Music can not only make me feel relaxed, but also sometimes it can give me encouragement and power. 2.. (13 江西,33)Not until he left his home ______ to know how important the family was for him. A did he begin B had he begun C he began D he had begun 3. [13 全国卷Ⅰ, 31] The computer was used in teaching. As a result, not only______, but students became more interested in the lessons. A. saved was teachers? energy B. was teachers? energy savedC. teachers? energy was saved D. was saved teachers? energy 4.(12 天津 4)They have a good knowledge of English but little they know about German. A.have B.did C.had D.do 5. Hardly ____ the airport when the plane took off. A. I had arrived at B. had I arrived C. had I reached D. I had got to 6.(06 天津 3)—Did Linda see the traffic accident? —No,no sooner than it happened. A.had she gone C.has she gone D.she has gone ★4. only +状语(既副词,介词短语,状语从句,etc ) 置于句首时, ★only 修饰主语时不倒装 Only in this way can you solve this problem. Only Wangling knows this. Only when….., +主句(主句倒装)
★Only by doing, +can+主语+动词原形+其他(只有通过做…, …才能…) Only by devoting more time and energy to our study, can we make more progress 只有通过把更多的时间和精力投入到学习中,我 们才能取得更多进步。 ★Only when 从句, ++can+主语+动词原形+其他(只有当…, …才能…) Only when more love and kindness is added to the world, can it be a more beautiful planet.只有当我们把更多的爱与添加给这个 世界, 我们才能把它变成一个更美好的星球

二 部分倒装 ★1..so, nor, neither, no more 置于句首。
★区别:So+助动词+主语. 意为,A…, B 也….(nor+助动词+主语, 表示 A 不…B 也不… A…., so +A+助动词 意为 A 确实…. Tom wants to go to university, so do I. Tom wants to go to university, so he does. 题组训练 C: 1. (2013 新课标Ⅰ )21. -----Why, this is nothing but common vegetable soup! ----_____, madam. This is our soup of the day.
A. Let me see B so it is C Don ?t mention it D Neither do I

2.(07 江苏 31)—My room gets very cold at night. — . A.So is mine B.So mine is C.So does mine D.So mine does 3 (06 四川 28)At the foot of the mountain . A.a village lie B.lies a village C.does a village lie D.lying a village 4. .(05 安徽 35)—Maggie had a wonderful time at the party. — and so did I. A.So she had B.So had she C.So she did D.So did she 5. (08 辽宁 35) Bill wasn?t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and ______. A. I was neither B. neither was I C. I was either D. either was I 6.(06 安徽 31)Never in my wildest dreams these people are living in such poor conditions. A.I could imagine B.could I imagine C.I couldn’t imagine D.couldn’t I imagine ★2. not, never, no, seldom, few, little, hardly, scarcely, rarely, barely, nowhere, not once, no longer, at no time, by no means, in no case (决不) , in no way (决不) , , on no condition (决不) , on no consideration (决不) , under no circumstances

题组训练 F: 1.把下列句子改成倒装句式 ①Parents and teenagers can enjoy harmonious relationship only by understanding and respecting each other. ②This problem can be solved gradually Only in these ways above 2.(14 江西)Only when he apologizes for his rudeness __to him again. A. I will speak. B. will I speak. C. do I speak. D. speak. 3.(14 重庆 34)I failed in the final examination last term and only then the importance of studies. A.I realized B.I had realized C.had I realized D.did I realize I

Just believe that all that you have been doing for your future will pay back and you will make your life more meaningful and productive

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高考英语专项总结及运用之 倒装句式 It’s impossible to defeat a person who never gives up his dreams and keeps on fighting till the end. 4.(14 浙江 9) A.Only B.Just C.Still D.Yet 5.(13 江苏 35) about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research. A.So curious the couple was B.So curious were the couple C.How curious the couple were D.The couple was such curious 6.(13 重庆 26)Only when I left my parents for Italy how much I loved them. A.I realized B.I had realized C.had I realized D.did I realize ★5. so… that, such…. that…句型中,So 置于句首时。 (so 后面倒装,而不是 that 后面倒装) Such was a panic that the official wanted to take measure to calm the situation. 题组训练 G: 1.学以致用 ①.Our mother earth is so important to human beings that everyone in the world should take his responsibility to take care of her. ② The railway accident that happened yesterday was so serious that many passengers died and got badly injured. ③Hangzhou is such a beautiful city that I would like to work and live here forever ④英语是如此美丽的语言,以至于我愿意花很多时间去学习他。 ⑤.友谊对于我们来说是如此的珍贵和重要,我们应该用真诚和理解好好珍惜 2. So sudden_________ that the enemy had no time to escape. [2009 山东,27] A. did the attack B. the attack did C. was the attack D. the attack was。 3.(07 陕西 10) that Marie was able to set up new branches elsewhere. A.So successful her business was B.So successful was her business C.So her business was successful D.So was her successful business ★6.特殊倒装:在 as 引导的让步状语从句中,表语放到句首。 Adj/n(无冠词)+as+主语+谓语 Child as he is, he can speak good English while talking with foreigners Old as she is, she still can climb the mountain. Much as I like it, I?ll not buy it./ 题组训练 H: 9. Unsatisfied______ with the payment, he took the job just to get some work experience. [2009 重庆,33] A. though was he B. though he was C. he was though D. was he though 1.(07 重庆 34) ,his idea was accepted by all the people at the meeting. A.Strange as might it sound B.As it might sound strange C.As strange it might sound D.Strange as it might sound 16.(05 重庆 27) ,he talks a lot about his favorite singers after class. A.A quiet student as he may be B.Quiet student as he may be C.Be a quiet student as he may D.Quiet as he may be a student 7.★如果虚拟语气条件从句中有 were, had or should, 则可省略 if, 再将 were, had or should 置于主语之前 Should there be a fold, what should we do? Had you been more careful, such mistakes might have been avoided. Were there no air or water, there would be no life in the world.

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All of teachers are looking forward to witnessing our new changes and new advances in this term. And they will assist us in/with learning every course. Gone are the days when we didn't do our best! From now on, we should write our future depending on our own hands. Hardly will we achieve success depending on only others. From now on, we should keep in mind that never will we waste every valuable minute. From now on, by no means will we miss attending each lesson. From now on, in no case will we be absent-minded and sleeping during class. Neither will we play computer games, nor will we fall in love. From now on, we should be an independent person to finish our assignment without cheating. From now on , not only should we confident, but also we should be diligent. Only when we concentrate our time and energy on learning, can we make progress. When not making progress quickly, just be patient and insist on trying. Because only though your continuous effort, can you succeed in the end, which has been proved right over and over again. So those who keep on fighting till the end for their goals are admirable and will succeed sooner or later. At the foot of a mountain grows a tree, which is so small and weak when facing storms. But never does it give up growing and struggling against the storms. Every time it thinks of its dream, it will pick up its courage to struggle when its body is bent by the storm. It knows only by growing little by little, can it realize its dream that one day it will grow into a big and strong tree to defeat the storms, to reach the peak of the mountain and touch the sky. There’s no doubt that it will make it come true. So does everyone in our class who has his own dream. Because we own the most precious thing in the world—youth. Because we are diligent, we are determined and we are confident, even though some of us are not so gifted for some subjects. Here comes a new year, a new term .Here comes a new beginning, a new change. Never will we let those loving and caring about us down. So bright is our future that we must be totally engaged in it Yes we can! Let?s get to study.

二)真题体验
1. [14 大纲]26. _____ the nurses want a pay increase, they want reduced hours as well. A. Not do only B. Do not only C. Only not do D. Not only do 2. [14 湖南]29. Only when you can find peace in your heart _____good relationships with others. A. will you keep B. you will keep C. you kept D. did you keep 3.[14 陕西]17. No sooner ________ stepped on the stage than the audience broke into thunderous applause. A. had Mo Yan B. Mo Yan had C. has Mo Yan D. Mo Yan has
4.(2013 福建)34. Not until he went through real hardship _____the love we have for our families is important. A. had he realized B. did he realize C. he realized D. he had realized

四.巩固与运用 一.情境体现及运用(文本含 Unit 1, Book4 词汇) New term, New change
Yesterday is a memory! Someone of us may feel guilty for not achieving ideal grades in the last exam, and are not happy with ourselves and admire others progress. But never should we lose our confidence and motivation in learning the courses including English. Seldom will a real fighter be defeated by a failure. So do we, as we are considered as the morning stars in the future. There must be some obstacles and failures even ups and downs before we finally succeed. So we shouldn't submit to the setbacks and obstacles ahead of us. Today is a gift, that?s why we call today present. Thinking of yesterday, we may we find that we didn't make full use of our time and talent, that is to say, we didn't try our best. Sometimes, not until we paid the price, did we regret not trying enough before. As the saying goes: “It's no use crying for the spilt milk”. So, having said goodbye to 2011, we are now facing a new year, a new term, a beginning, in which we can make the change. We are delighted that everyone shows your new positive spirits, including your enthusiasm, motivation, confidence, especially your diligence and determination. All of us are eager to attend each lesson and take up teachers? assignments to acquire knowledge. All of us have got ready to take up any challenges.

5.(13 四川 28)At the foot of the mountain . A.a village lie B.lies a village C.does a village lie D.lying a village 6.(13 福建 34)— It?s burning hot today, — Yes. yesterday. A.So was it B.So it was C.So it is D.So is it 7.(13 全国Ⅱ11)If Joe?s wife won?t go to the party, . A.he will either B.neither will he C.he neither will D.either he will 8. (12 辽宁 23)I have been living in the United States for twenty years, but seldom so lonely as now. A. have I felt B.I had felt C.I have felt D.had I felt 5. .(10 上海 39)Never before in greater need of modern public transport than it is today.。 A.has this city been B.this city has been C.was this city D.this city was 6. (10 江苏 32) you eat the correct foods be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A.Only if;will you B.Only if;you will C.Unless;will you D.Unless;you will 7. Not until I came home last night_______ to bed. [2009 四川, 16] A. Mum did go B. did Mum go C. went Mum D. Mum went 8. It was _____he came back from Africa that year he _____met the girl he would like to marry. [2009 江西,27] A. when; then B. not; until C. not until; that D. only; when 9. Little________ about her own safety, though she was in great danger herself. [2009 陕西,18] A. did Rose care B. Rose did care C. Rose does care D. does Rose care 10. (05 江苏 35) about wild plants that they decided to make a trip to Madagascar for further research. A.So curious the couple was B.So curious were the couple C.How curious the couple were D.The couple was such curious 11..(06 陕西 16)Only then how much damage had been caused. A.she realized B.she had realized C.had she realized D.did she realize 12..(05 福建 32) Only after my friend came . A.did the computer repair B.he repaired the computer C.was the computer repaired D.the computer was repaired

Just believe that all that you have been doing for your future will pay back and you will make your life more meaningful and productive

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