2013 高考英语阅读理解强化练习（55） 拓展阅读： To err is human. To blame the other guy is even more human. Common sense is not all that common. Why tell the truth when you can come up with a good excuse? These
three popular misquotes(戏谑的引语)are meant to be jokes, and yet they tell us a lot about human nature .To err, or to make mistakes, is indeed a part of being human, but it seems that most people don’t want to accept the responsibility for the problem. Perhaps it is the natural thing to do .The original quote about human nature went like this:” To err is human, to forgive, divine(神 圣的).”This saying mirrors an deal people should be forgiving of others’ mistakes. Instead, we tend to do the opposite –find someone else to pass the blame on to. However, taking responsibility for something that went wrong is a making of great maturity. Common sense is what we call clear thought. Having common sense means having a good general plan that will make things work well, and it also means staying with the plan. Common sense tells you that you take an umbrella out into a rainstorm, but you leave the umbrella home when you hear a weather forecast for sunshine．Common sense does not seem to be common for large organizations, because there are so many things going on that one person cannot be in charge of everything. People say that in a large company,”the right hand does not know what the left hand is doing.” And what is wrong with a society that thinks that making up a good excuse is like creating a work of art? One of the common problems with making excuses is that people, especially young people. get the idea that it’s okay not to be totally honest all the time. There is a corollary(直接推论)to that: if good excuse is “good”even if it isn’t honest, then where is the place of the truth? 1. According to tile passage, which of following seems the most human? A. To search for truth． B. To achieve one’s ideal C. To make fun of others’mistakes． D. To criticize others for one’s own error.
2．According to the author, what is a sign of a man’s maturity? A．Doing things his own way. B．Bearing responsibility for his mistakes. C．Making as few mistakes as possible． D．Thinking seriously about his wrongdoing. 3．Which of the following is NOT based on common sense? A．A man tries to take charge of everything in a large company. B．A student goes out with an umbrella in stormy weather. C．A company’s next move follows a good plan． D．A lawyer acts on fine judgments． 4. What is the author’s opinion about a good excuse? A. Making a good excuse is sometimes a better policy. B. Inventing a good excuse needs creative ideas. C. A good excuse is as rewarding as honesty. D. Bitter truth is better than a good excuse. 5. What would be the best title for his passage? A. A Mirror of Human Nature C. A Mark of Maturity 答案： 1.D. 解析：细节理解题。引言后第二段最后一句话可知：一个人负责公司的全部工作属于非 常识。 2.B. B. To Blame or to Forgive
D. Truth or Excuse
解析：细节理解题。根据第四段最后一句话 However, taking responsibility for something that went wrong is a making of great maturity.可得出答案。 3. A. 解析：细节判断题。引言后第二段最后一句话可知：一个人负责公司的全部工作属于非 常识。 4.D. 解析：推理判断题。从全文最后一句话直接得到答案“追求真理比寻找理由更为重要” 5.A. 解析：主旨大意题。从全文和引言后第一段倒数第二句可知文章标题：人性的镜子。引 言后第一段第三句可知：批评别人的错误