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《导学案》2015版高中英语(人教版必修3)教师用书:Unit 4 Period 5 Revision and Consolidation 讲义


Period 5

Revision and Consolidation

1.掌握本单元的重要语言点并能通过练习内化和巩固。 2.深化对主语从句用法的理解,通过练习加以运用。

1.通过总结归纳,形成高考背景下的单元知识网络。 2.通过教师的深层次探究,指导学生自学、对学和群学,解决学生复习中遇到的知识性和技能性问题,

并形成有 效的复习策略。

1.astronomy n. 天文学→astronomer n. 天文学家 2.system n. 系统;体系;制度→systemic adj. 系统的;涉及全系统的 3.religion n. 宗教;宗教信仰→religious adj. 宗教的 4.theory n. 学说;理论 5.violent adj.猛烈的;激烈的;强暴的→violence n. 暴力;暴行 6.unlike prep.不同;不像→ likely adj. 很可能的 7.harmful adj. 有害的→harm n. 有害 8.multiply vi.&vt. 乘;增加 9.exist vi.存在;生存→existence n. 存在;生存 重点单词 10.thus adv. 因此;于是 11.puzzle n. 谜;难题 vt.& vi. (使)迷惑;(使)为难 12.biology n. 生物学→biological adj. 生物的 13.gentle adj. 温和的;文雅的→gently adv.温和地;文雅地 14.physicist n. 物理学家→physics n. 物理→physical adj.物理的;身体的;物质的 15.climate n.气候 16.crash vi.&vt.碰撞;坠落 17.spaceship n.宇宙飞船 18.pull n.& vt. 拉(力);拖;牵引力 19.float vt.& vi.(使)浮动;(使)漂浮 n. 漂浮物

(续表) 1.in time 及时;终于 重点短语 2.be harmful to 对……有害 3.lay eggs 下蛋 4.give birth to 生产;分娩

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5.in one s turn 轮到某人;接着 6.prevent...from 阻止;制止 7.block out 挡住(光线) 8.cheer up 感到高兴;感到振奋 9.now that 既然 10.break out 突发;爆发 11.watch out 密切注视;当心;提防 12.come into existence 开始存在;产生 重点句式 重点语法 1.The earth became so violent that it was not clear whether the shape would last or not. 2.But when I tried to step forward , I found I was carried twice as far as on the earth and fell over. 主语从句

品句填空 1.The burning of fossil fuels results in the pollution of the 2.As we all know, Einstein and Hawking are well-known 3.The government took immediate measures and the disease was 4.Many household products are potentially 5.My new teacher is a very 6. (有害的). (大气层). (物理学家) in the world. (制止) from spreading.

(温柔的) person.

(氧气) is a gas that is present in air and water and is necessary for people, animals and plants. (存在) in Africa. (乘) by four is twelve. (撞) by an old truck. (激烈地). 3.prevented 8.multiplied

7.This kind of plant only 8.The little child knows three

9.Unluckily, the new car he has just bought was 10.The orphan was beaten by his step-father 【答案】1.atmosphere 4.harmful 9.crashed 2.physicists 7.exists

5.gentle 6.Oxygen 10.violently

puzzle

翻译下列单词或短语 (1) (2) (3) (4) n. 谜;难题 vt. & vi. (使)迷惑;(使)为难 adj. 困惑的;迷惑不解的 adj. 令人迷惑不解的 不知道如何是好

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(5) (6)

苦思冥想 苦苦思考 【答案】 (1)puzzle (2)puzzled (3)puzzling (4)be in a puzzle (5)puzzle about (6)puzzle over

Ⅰ.用上面的单词或短语完成句子 (1)The deeper meaning of the poem remains a (2)She had a (3)Many people 【答案】(1)puzzle (2)puzzled Ⅱ.单项填空 The homeless felt A.to puzzle C.puzzled about their future life. B.puzzling D.being puzzled (迷惑的)look on her face. (苦思冥想) how life comes into existence. (3)puzzle about (谜).

【答案与解析】C 句意:这些无家可归的人对他们将来的生活感到迷惘。puzzled “(人)迷惑的;迷惘的”,符 合语境。而 puzzling 意为“(物)令人迷惑的”。

1.prevent... from

翻译下列短语 (1) (2) (3) (3)keep... from 阻止;制止 阻止;制止 阻止;制止 【答案】(1)prevent... from (2)stop... from

Ⅰ.根据括号内汉语提示完成句子 (1)The police (2)He is (阻止) them from carrying weapons. (制止) by law from holding a license. (防止) illnesses by improving healthy living. (2)prevented (3)preventing

(3)It is better to spend money in Ⅱ.单项填空 Some policemen should be sent to A.prevent; to cut down C.keep; to cut down

【答案】 (1)prevented / stopped / kept

them B.stop; cutting down

the trees.

D.keep; cutting down

【答案与解析】B 句意:应该派一些警察去阻止他们砍伐树木。keep / prevent / stop sb from doing sth“阻止 某人做某事”,其中 keep sb from doing sth 中的 from 不可省略。

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2.break out

翻译下列短语 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (7)break up (灾难、战争等) 突发;爆发 脱离(政党等);打破(陈规等) 出故障;(计划、谈判等)失败;(身体、精神等)垮掉 强行进入 折断;突然中止;断绝;结束 突破;强行穿过 解散;打碎;放假 【答案】(1)break out (2)break away from (3)break down (4)break into (5)break off (6)break through

Ⅰ.根据括号内汉语提示完成句子 (1)He (2)When do you (突然停止)in the middle of a sentence. (放假) for Christmas? I ll invite you to go on a journey. (破裂). (4)broken into

(3)Negotiations between the two sides have (4)His house was Ⅱ.单项填空 Would you please tell me when the First World War A.broke out C.broke down 发;爆发”,符合句意。 B.broke up D.broke in ? (破门而入) last week. (3)broken down 【答案】(1)broke off (2)break up

【答案与解析】 A 句意:请你告诉我第一次世界大战是什么时候爆发的好吗?break out “(灾难、 战争等) 突

1.The earth became so violent that it was not clear whether the shape would last or not. 地球变得激烈 动荡,不知道这个固体形状是否会继续保持下去。

本句用了 so...that...引导的(1) 【答案】(1)结果状语从句 (3)部分倒装

,意思为“(2) 。 (2)如此……以至于……

”。 其搭配为 so +形容

词或副词+ that 从句。当 so 放在句首时,so 引导的主句要(3)

Ⅰ.翻译句子 (1)她如此生气以致她走了出去,什么也没有说。

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(2)他工作如此努力以至于都忘记了吃晚饭。 【答案】 (1)She was so angry that she walked out and said nothing. (2)He worked so hard that he forgot to have supper. Ⅱ.单项填空 So much of interest A.offers Beijing B.Beijing offers C.does Beijing offer D.Beijing does offer 【答案与解析】C so...that...句型中当 so 置于句首时, 后面的主句应用部分倒装,即将助动词、情态动词 提到主语前面。 2.But when I tried to step forward, I found I was carried twice as far as on the earth and fell over.而当 我试着向前迈步的时候,我发觉我被送出去很远,步子的跨度竟是在地球上的两倍,因而我摔倒了。 that most visitors simply run out of time before seeing it all.

该句型表示“……是……的几倍”,该句型也可用 half, one-fourth 等词,表示“是……的一半/几分之几”。有关倍 数的表达方式还有: ●...倍数+形容词/副词的比较级+ than... ●...倍数+ as +形容词或副词原级+ as... ●...倍数+ the size (length, height...) 等名词+ of... 两倍用 twice 或(1) 【答案】(1)double (2)times ,三倍或三倍以上用(2) 来表示。

Ⅰ.翻译句子 (1)这辆小车的速度比卡车快两倍。

(2)亚洲的面积是欧洲的四倍。

(3)这条街是那条街的四倍长。 【答案】 (1)The car runs twice faster than truck. (2)Asia is four times as large as Europe. (3)This street is four times the length of that street. Ⅱ.单项填空 Five years ago the students number of our school was that of theirs.

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A.as twice large as C.twice as much as 词原级+ as +...

B.twice as large as D.as twice much as

【答案与解析】B 句意:五年前我们学校的人数是他们的两倍。其正确语序应为:倍数词+ as +形容词/副

主语从句

主语从句是在复合句中充当(1)

的从句,通常放在主句谓语动词之前或由形式主语(2) 和 whether;连接代词 who,

代替,而本身放在句子末尾。引导主语从句的关联词有三类:从属连词(3)

whom, whose, what, which, whoever, whatever, whichever 和连接副词 where, when, how, why。 选用 what 还 是用 that 引导主语从句要根据关联词在从句中是否担任成分而定。 且 what (以及 whatever,whoever 等)引导的 主语从句一般不用 it 作形式主语。 【答案】(1)主语 (2)it (3)that

单项填空 (1) in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your email account. A.What is required C.It is required B.What requires

D.It requires

【答案与解析】C “It is required that ...”是一个固定句式,it 作形式主语, that 引导的从句为真正的主语。 (2)I hold the belief that A.whoever B.any student C.who D.those who 【答案与解析】A whoever 相当于 anyone who 引导的定语从句,而 B 项需要在其后加关系代词 who。 (3) the 2020 Olympic Games will be held in safety is not known yet. A.Whenever B.If C.Whether D.That 【答案与解析】C whether 表示“是否”,在此引导一个主语从句。 (4) he has become a rich man is known to all in our town. A.Because B.That C.不填 D.What 【答案与解析】 B 句意:他变成了富翁, 这是我们镇上人尽皆知的事。 根据句意, 须用 that 引导主语从句。 that 在从句中不担任任何成分, 只起连接作用。 (5) is unknown to us all. A.Where did he get it C.That where he got B.Where he got it D.Which he got it studies hard will get a good reward in time.

【答案与解析】B 句意:他在哪里得到这个的,我们所有人都不知道。本题中用连接副词 where 引导了一 个表示地点的主语从句,其中 where 在从句中作地点状语。主语从句应使用陈述句式。

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品句填空 1.Suddenly the building where I live in Tokyo shook v 2.U and objects began to fall.

the majority who kept their mouths shut, they have stood up. to health to eat too much.

3.We ought to reason why it is h 4.Lies only e

if we believe in them. changes? it at the front.

5.What should we do about c

6.You push the tree from the back and I ll p 7.Be firm, but g

; and teach your child as you go along. into orbit.

8.Our scientists successfully sent up Shenzhou Ⅹ s 9.M

this number by 6 to get your heart rate per minute. by a flying bird. Luckily, passengers were safe. 3.harmful 4.exist 【答案】1.violently 2.Unlike

10.The plane was c

5.climate 10.crashed

6.pull 7.gentle

8.spaceship

9.Multiply

●温馨贴士 本课时是一节单元复习课,其知识结构图解如下:

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