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非限制性定语从句学案


限制性定语从句与非限制性定语从句学案
Task1 Compare the following pairs of sentences and find out the differences between them. The old man has a son who is in the army. The old man has a son, who is in the army . Jim doesn't like to ask questions which make his teacher angry. Jim doesn't like to ask questions, which makes his teacher angry. Conclusion: 1.限制性定语从句与先行词关系______(A:密切;B:不密切) ,是先行词_____ 部分, 去掉它,主句意思 ____(A:不明确;B: 明确.)翻译时,从句先译,”?的“ 2.非限制性定语从句是对先行词的补充说明,去掉_______(A:会影响;B:不会影响)主句的意思。翻译时, 主句先译,从句单独成句. (A:可缺少;B:不可缺少)的

限制性定语从句
表意 与主句语意关系___(紧凑/松散),定从___(不能 /能)删除 功能 形式 修饰____ 无____与主句分开; 使用时可以用 that 引导

非限制性定语从句
与主句语意关系___,定从___ 删除 修饰_____或_____ 有____与主句分开; 使用时不能用____引导

Issue3: as (译为 __________) 引导的非限制性定语从句的位置比较灵活, 可位于所修饰的句子之后, 句中或句首; 而由 which (译为 ________________) 引导的非限制性定语从句一般不位于句首。 7.This is the girl whom/who I met in the street. 8.A young man had a new girl friend, whom he wanted to impress. Issue4:关系代词 whom 在限制性定语从句中作宾语时可用 ___代替,但在非限制性定语从句中作宾语时 只能用 ___来代替。 Task4 Join the pairs of sentences using restrictive or non-restrictive attributive clauses. Task5 Consolidation 1. (必修 1Unit4)But one million people of the city,_______________ ,were asleep as usual that night. (think) 但是那一夜,上百万的人们像平常那样熟睡着,对这些事件掉以轻心。 2. (必修 1Unit4)The number of people___________________ reached more than 400,000. (kill, injure)死伤人数达到 40 多万。 3.The place __________________is very hot and damp in summer.(grow) 我长大的那个地方夏天又热又潮湿。 4.(必修 1Unit4)Workers built shelters for survivors_____________________.(destroy) 工人们为那些家被毁了的幸存者们搭建避难所。 5.Mother was so proud of all_________________ that she rewarded me with a trip abroad.(do) 妈妈为我所做的事是多么的自豪的以至于奖励我出国旅行。 6.___________________,this idea can never be put into practice, otherwise it could bring us too much trouble.(point) 正如已经指出的那样,这种想法可能从未实施过,否则它会给我们带来太多麻烦, 7.(必修 1 Unit5)It was a prison_____________________.(escape) 这是一座没有人能逃跑的监狱。 Task6 Homework Describe your school using at least 2 restrictive attributive clauses and 2 non-restrictive attributive clauses.

Task2 Read the passage again and underline all the sentences with attributive clauses and the words or sentences they modify. Task3 Issues that need attention about attributive clause 1.In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted. 2.This gift was the Amber Room, which we gave this name because several tons of amber were used to make it. Issue1:关系代词在限制性定语从句中作_____时可以省略; 关系代词在非限制性定语从句中作宾语时不可 以_____. 3.A middle-aged woman killed her husband, which frightened me very much. 4.A five-year-old boy can speak two foreign languages, which surprises all of us. Issue2: 大多数定语从句的先行词往往为某一个词或短语, 而有时非限制性定语从句的先行词也可为整 个主句, 此时非限制性定语从句常由 _____ 引导。 5.She has married again, which delighted us. 6.Spiders are not insects, as many people think. =(As many people think, spiders are not insects.)


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