英语：高三一轮复习超级课件 Unit3《Under the sea》（新人教版选修7）
? ?佳作选登 ? [话题] 给某航空公司写回信，寻找遗失的 行李箱。 ? [体裁] 英文书信
? Dear Sir/Madam， ? I'm Li Hua.I took the flight BA793 on June 3,2010.B
ut when I came to my home，I found I lost a suitcase.I am writing to you to request you to help me find it back. ? My suitcase is a small blue one with a zip.There is a lable on the handle with my name and address on it.It is really important for me，because I had put all my important documents in it，including my ID card，passport and so on.Besides，it is what my father sent to me on my birthday.
? Thanks for your kind consideration and I look forward to receiving your earliest reply. ? Yours truly， ? Li Hua
? 经典例句 ? [亮词] 1.take the flight??乘??航班 ? 2．with a zip带拉链的 ? 3．look forward to doing...盼望??
? [典句] 1.I am writing to you to request you to help me find it back. ? 我给你写信的目的是想让你帮我把它找回来。 ? (变式)?The reason why I'm writing to you is that I hope you can help me find it back. ? 2．It is really important for me，because I had put all my important documents in it，including my ID card，passport and so on. ? 这对我来说真的很重要，因为我已把我的所有的 重要文件都放在里面了，包括我的身份证、户照 等。
? 1．(2011·辽宁高考)What are you doing out of bed，Tom？You're ________ to be asleep. ? A．supposed B．known ? C．thought D．considered
? [解题指导] 句意：你不睡觉在干什么，汤 姆？你应该睡觉。be supposed to do sth.意为： (按规则、惯例等)应该做某事。如：Am I supposed to clean all the rooms or just this one？ 我是应该打扫所有的房间，还是只这一间？ be known to be被知道是；be thought to be被 认为是；be considered to be被认为是。 ? [正确答案] A
? 2．(2011·福建高考)The lack of eco-friendly habits among the public is thought to be a major ________ of global climate change. ? A．result B．cause ? C．warning D．reflection ? [解题指导] 句意：公众缺乏环保习惯被认 为是全球气候变化的一个主要原因。本题 考查名词辨析。cause原因，起因；result 结 果；warning警告；reflection反思，反省。 根据句意可知，正确答案为B项。 ? [正确答案] B
? 3．(2012·莱阳模拟)—How can you prove that you have nothing to do with this case? ? —I have three ________. ? A．friends B．judges ? C．facts D．witnesses ? [解题指导] 句意：——你怎么能证明你与这 事无关呢？——我有三个证人。本题考查名 词辨义。friend 朋友，judge判断；法官。 fact事实；witness证据；证人。 ? [正确答案] D
? 4．(2012·上海模拟)Premier Wen urged that all the countries ________ measures to keep stability in the Northeast Asia. ? A．take B．must take ? C．are to take D．took ? [解题指导] 句意：温总理极力主张各国为 保持亚洲东北部的稳定采取相应的措施， 本题考查urge的用法，urge后跟宾语从句要 用虚拟语气，即从句用(should)＋动词原形。 ? [正确答案] A
? 5．(2012·太原模拟)The grandparents ________ when they saw the gold medal their grandson had got at the Olympic Games. ? A．couldn't help to smile B．couldn't help smiling ? C．couldn't help but smiled D．coudn't help but smiling ? [解题指导] 句意：爷爷奶奶看到他们的孙子在 奥运会上获得了金牌禁不住笑了起来。 can't/couldn't help doing sth.忍不住/禁不住做某事。 can't/couldn't help but后面要求接动词原形，意为 “不得不做某事”。 ? [正确答案] B
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Ⅰ.重点单词 1．annual n．年刊；年鉴→ annual adj.每年的；按年度 annually 计算的→ adj.一年一次地 opposite 2． prep.在??对面→ opposite adj.相对的；相 反的→ oppose v．反对 dive vi./n.跳水；潜水；俯冲 3． 4．flee vi.逃离；逃跑→ fled (过去分词) drag vt.拖；拉；扯 5．
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6． relationshipn．关系→ relation n．关系，联系→ relative adj.比较的→ related adj.相关的，联系的→ relate v．联系；交往 conservation n．保存；保护→ conserve vt.保护；保存 7．
aware adj.意识到的→ awareness n．意识→ 8． unaware adj.没意识到的 9．vivid adj.生动的；鲜艳的→ vividly adv.生动地→ vividness n．清晰
relationship n．关系→ relation ? 6． n．关系，联系→ ? relative adj.比较的→ relatedadj.相关的，联系的→ ? relate v．联系；交往 conservation n．保存；保护→ conservevt.保护；保存 ? 7． ? 8．aware adj.意识到的→ awareness n．意识→ unaware ? adj.没意识到的 ? 9．vivid adj.生动的；鲜艳的→ vividly adv.生动地→ ? vividness n．清晰
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Ⅱ.重点短语 1．witness sth. with one's own eyes亲眼见证 2．sort out 分类；收拾；整理 3．aheadof ...早于；在??前面 4．aim at 朝??瞄准 turn 5． around调转；回转 6．be terrified of 害怕 out 7．help sb. 帮助某人摆脱困难
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8．reflect on 思考；考虑?? 9．be aware of 对??明白；知道?? 10．upside down 上下翻转 11．get close to 接近；靠近 12．be scared to death吓死了
? Ⅲ.重点句型 ? 1． It was a time when the killer whales，or “killers” as they were then called，helped the whalers catch the baleen whales that were on their annual migration. 那个时期，虎鲸(当时被称为“杀手”)帮助捕鲸 人在每年须鲸迁徙时捕捉须鲸。 was about to ? 2．This was the call that announced there be a whale hunt.这声喊叫宣布了即将有一场捕鲸大 战。
? 1．witness n. 目击者；证人；证据 vt.当场 见证；目击；见证 ? witness sth.当场见到；目击；见证 ? a witness to sth.某事的证人 ? bear/give witness to sth.为??作证；证明 ? witness to (doing) sth.作证，证明(做) ? 某事
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①He is a key witness in this case. 在这个案件中，他是一个主要见证人。 ②Did anyone witness the traffic accident? 有谁目击了这场交通事故？ ③The temples bear witness to the city's former greatness. 这些庙宇见证了这个城市 以前的辉煌。 ? ④He witnessed to having seen the man enter the room. ? 他证明看到那人进了房间。
? 2．abandon vt. 放弃；遗弃；抛弃；离弃； 逃离 ? abandon oneself to沉溺于 ? abandon the hope (of doing sth.)放弃(做某事 的)希望 ? abandon doing sth.放弃做某事 ? with abandon放任的，放纵的
? ①The cruel man abandoned his wife and child. ? 那个狠心的男人抛弃了他的妻儿。 ? ②Those who abandon themselves to despair can not succeed. 那些自暴自弃的人无法成功。 ? ③People were shouting and cheering with abandon.人们兴高采烈，纵情欢呼。
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3．urge vt. 催促；极力主张；驱策 urge sb./sth.on催促某人/某物前进 urge sb.to do sth.催促某人做某事 urge sb.into doing sth.催促某人做某事 urge that sb.(should) do sth.极力主张，强调
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①Brown urged her to reconsider her decision. 布朗极力劝说她重新考虑自己的决定。 ②I urged that he (should) do his best. 我强调他要尽自己最大的努力。
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4．help...out 帮助某人摆脱困境 help (sb.)(to) do sth.帮(某人)做某事 cannot help doing sth.禁不住做某事 help oneself(to sth.)自取，自用 can't help but do sth.不得不做某事 help sb.with sth.帮助某人做某事 can't help (to) do sth.不能帮着做某事
? ①If you haven't got time to finish，I'll help you out. ? 如果你来不及做完，我会帮你摆脱困境。 ? ②Do you mind helping me with this a minute? ? 你能抽点时间帮我一把吗？ ? ③I can't help wondering what happened to that little girl. 我忍不住想知道那个小女孩出 了什么事。
? 1．(2012·重庆模拟)Many people ________ the car accident，so it was not difficult to investigate(调查)． ? A．witnessed B．swallowed ? C．dragged D．fled ? 解析：witness 目睹；见证；swallow吞咽， drag拉；拖flee逃走。由句意可知，应选A。 ? 答案：A
? 2．They ________ drinking although they are drivers，which is very dangerous both to themselves and the passengers. ? A．give up themselves ? B．devote themselves to ? C．quit themselves ? D．abandon themselves to ? 解析：abandon oneself to＋n./doing沉溺 于??；devote oneself to??致力于?? ? 答案：D
? 3．(2012·长春质检)They urged that the library ________ open during the vacation. ? A．must be kept B．is kept ? C．would be kept D．be kept ? 解析：urge后跟宾语从句时，用虚拟语气 (should)＋动词原形的形式。 ? 答案：D
? 4．(2012·济宁模拟)—Do you work in this office? ? —No，as a clerk in this office is on vacation， I'm just ________ here for about a week. ? A．hanging out B．working out ? C．turning out D．helping out ? 解析：help sb.out帮某人摆脱困境。符合语 义。 ? 答案：D
? This was the call that announced there was about to be a whale hunt. ? 这是宣告捕鲸行动马上就要开始的呼声。 ? 句中的be about to表示即将发生的动作，意 为“正要/就要”，不与具体表示将来的时 间状语连用，常与when引导的时间状语连 用。
? ①Sit down，everyone.The film's about to start. ? 大家坐下，电影马上开始。 ? ②I was about to give up when the good news came. ? 当好消息传来时我正打算放弃。
? I was just about ________ road ________ a ship came to us. ? A．traveling on；while B．to travel on；while ? C．traveling by；when D．to travel by；when ? 解析：本题考查句型be about to do...when...正要 干??突然??为固定句型 ? 答案：D