2015 年重庆一中高 2017 级高一上期期末考试
英 语 试 题 卷
英语试题卷共 10 页。满分 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1.答题前，务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡规定的位置上。 2.答选择题时，必须使用 2B 铅笔将答题卡
上对应题目的答案标号涂黑，如需改动，用 橡皮擦擦干净后，再选涂其他答案标号。 3.答非选择题时，必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔，将答案书写在答题卡规定的位置上。 4.所有题目必须在答题卡上作答，在试题卷上答题无效。
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 请听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒 钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Why does the man like his new room? A. It is near the friends? flats. B. It is close to the school. C. It is larger than the old one. 2. How much will the man pay for two general tickets and two student tickets? A. $30 B. $40 C. $20 3. What do we learn about Jack? A. He worked there as a boss. B. He spoke to the boss. C. He gave orders like a boss. 4. What does the woman suggest? A. The radio batteries have been replaced (替换). B. They should get a new radio. C. They don?t really need to change the radio. 5. What do we learn about the woman? A. She should plan for a good dictionary. B. She can?t afford any dictionary. C. She has a better dictionary. 第二节（共 12 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 18 分） 请听下面 4 段对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有几个小题， 从题中所给的 A、 B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前， 你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟。听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答 时间，每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What kind of color TV was the man going to buy? A. A small one. B. A big one. C. A cheap one. 7. What kind of color TV set does the woman suggest the man should buy? A. A cheap one. B. A small one. C. A big one.
8. Why does the woman give the man such a suggestion? A. It will be a waste of money. B. He might have to change it in a few years? time. C. His sitting room is not very big. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. Which language is beautiful and popular, according to the speaker? A. English. B. French. C. Portuguese. 10. What?s true about Spanish? A. It is popular in South America. B. It is popular in European countries. C. It is popular in Central Africa. 11. What determines the importance of a language? A. The number of the people who speak the language. B. The words and the structures of the language. C. The power of the country whose people speak the language. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. What is the weather probably like at the weekend? A. Rainy. B. Windy. C. Sunny. 13. Where will they go? A. Mountains. B. Seashore. C. Desert. 14 What does the man ask the woman to take with her? A. A bat. B. A cat. C. A hat. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Why is the woman moving? A. To have a better job in a new place. B. To find a nicer place to live in. C. To live together with her parents. 16. Where do her parents live? A. In a small village. B. In a big city. C. In a nearby country. 17. Why doesn?t the woman take her dog with her? A. She can?t take care of it. B. She thinks the dog might not be happy there. C. Her parents don?t want her to take it. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What is the total number of students at Deep Springs College? A. 17,000. B. 9,000. C. 24. 19. Which of the following is TRUE of the Deep Spring College? A. Its library is often crowded with students. B. Its school buildings are old. C. It is located in a college town. 20. What can students at Deep Springs do in their spare time? A. Watch TV. B. Go to the cinema. C. Take a walk in the desert.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 语法和词汇知识（共 l5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 21. It is generally considered that air pollution is ______ danger to ______ nature. A. /; a B. /; the C. /; / D. a; / 22. — Tom is an honest boy and he works really hard! — It is the same ______ you. A. as B. with C. about D. to 23. Britain, as well as many other industrialized countries, ______ major changes in the past 100 years. A. have experienced B. has experienced C. have been experienced D. has been experienced 24. In fact, he______ in bed all the morning without doing anything, but he ______ to me about that. A. lied; lied B. lay; lay C. lied; lay D. lay; lied 25. — I have never been to the United States before. — ______! Your spoken English is amazing. A. You can?t be serious B. You got it C. I couldn?t agree more D. I am not surprised at all 26. Children should make ______ a rule to wash hands before meals. A. one B. that C. it D. this 27. Most American children go to state schools, but the private schools ______ be very good. A. must B. can C. should D. may 28. Was it because Jack come late for school ______ Mr Smith got angry? A. why B. who C. where D. that 29. The new teaching building ______ by the end of last month. A. has been designed B. had been designed C. was designed D. would be designed 30. Not until she took off her glasses ______ she used to be my neighbor. A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize 31. — Did Jack come back early last night? — Yes. It was not yet eight o?clock ______ he arrived home. A. when B. before C. that D. Until 32.Not every member ______ the decision to give up the plan. A. shoulders B. hands C. heads D. backs 33. ______red paint with blue paint, you will get another beautiful paint of different colors. A. Mixed B. Mix C. Mixing D. To mix 34. Happiness and success often come to those ______ are good at recognizing their own strengths. A. whom B. who C. what D. Which 35. I saw Jane ______ at the desk, ______ her homework carefully. A. seated; doing B. sitting; does C. seat; does D. sit; doing
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分）(原创) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出可以 填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 Some years ago when I was in my first year in college, Iheard Salome Bey sing for the first time. The moment was exciting. Salome?s 36 filled the room and brought the theater 37 life. I was so 38 that I decided to write an article about her. I 39 Salome Bey, telling her I was from Essence magazine, and that I wanted to meet her to talk about her career. She 40 and told me to come to her studio next Tuesday. When I hung up, I was scared out of my mind. I 41 I told a lie. I was not a writer at all and hadn?t even written a grocery list. I interviewed Salome Bey the next Tuesday. I sat there 42 , taking notes and asking questions that all began with, “C an you please tell me…” I soon realized that 43 Salome Bey was one thing, but writing a story for a national magazine was quite 44 . The pressure was hard to 45 .Then I struggled for days wondering what to write. Finally I put my manuscript ( 手稿 ) into a large envelope and 46 it into a mailbox. It didn?t take long. My manuscript 47 . How stupid of me! I thought. How could I compete in a world of professional writers? Knowing I couldn?t 48 the rejection letter(拒绝信), I threw the unopened envelope into a drawer. Five years later, I was moving to California. While 49 my apartment, I came across the unopened envelope. This time I opened it and read the editor?s letter in 50 . Ms. Profit, Your story on Salome Bey is 51 . Yet we need some more relevant(相关的) materials. Please 52 those and return the article immediately. We would like to publish your story soon. Shocked, it took me a long time to get better. I lost at least five hundred dollars and the chance of having my article 53 in a major magazine. More importantly, I lost years of 54 writing. Today, I have become a full-time writer. Looking back on this experience, I?ve learned a very important lesson: You can?t 55 to doubt yourself. 36. A. voice B. joy C. smile D. speech 37. A. in B. on C. to D. with 38. A. proud B. moved C. satisfied D. active 39. A. visited B. emailed C. interviewed D. phoned 40. A. refused B. agreed C. hesitated D. stopped 41. A. explained B. discovered C. knew D. replied 42. A. seriously B. nervously C. patiently D. quietly 43. A. fooling B. telling C. inviting D. thanking 44. A. the other B. the others C. others D. another 45. A. reduce B. believe C. understand D. stand 46. A. landed B. gave C. dropped D. hold 47. A. disappeared B. improved C. spread D. returned
48. A. face B. send C. forget D. receive 49. A. moving B. repairing C. leaving D. cleaning 50. A. anxiety B. disbelief C. fright D. trouble 51. A. strange B. normal C. awful D. fantastic 52. A. increase B. change C. add D. mix 53. A. show B. appear C. write D. read 54. A. energetic B. enjoyable C. boring D. endless 55. A. afford B. try C. expect D. pretend 第三部分 阅读理解（满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） A A woman saw three old men with long white beards(胡须) sitting in her front yard, hungry. She did not know them but invited them in. “We do not go into a house together,” they replied. And she asked why. One of the old men explained: “His name is Wealth,” pointing to one of his friends, “and he is Success, and I am Love.” Then he added, “Now go in and discuss with your husband which one of us you want in your home.” The woman went in and told her husband what had happened. Her husband was overjoyed. “How nice!” he said. “Since that is the case, let Wealth come in and fill our home with wealth!” His wife disagreed, “My dear, why not invite Success?” Their daughter-in-law gave her own suggestion: “Wouldn?t it be better to invite Love? Our home will be filled with love then.” “Let?s heed our daughter-in-law?s advice,” said the husband to his wife. “Go out and invite Love to be our guest.” Love got up and started walking toward the house. The other two also got up and followed him. Surprised, the woman asked Wealth and Success, “I only invited Love, why are you coming in?” The old men replied together. “If you had invited Wealth or Success, the other two of us would have stayed out. But since you invited Love, wherever he goes, we go with him. Wherever there is Love, there is also Wealth and Success!” 56. The underlined word “heed”means “______”. A. give B. refuse C. follow D. offer 57. What?s the best title of the passage? A. What a clever daughter-in-law! B. An old couple and love. C. Which one is the best choice? D. Wealth, success and love. 58. From the story, we can know that the daughter-in-law is a woman with . A. care B. imagination C. love D. cleverness 59. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The three old men usually went into a house together. B. The family didn't like the other two old men to enter their house. C. One can have wealth and success if he has love. D. The husband likes success better than other things. 60. The story seems to be ______. . A. a love story B. a fable C. a true story D. a novel
B At the age of 16, Clara Barton was advised to become a teacher since she was quite shy. She taught in Massachusetts for ten years, and was invited to Bordentown, New Jersey to teach in a school. She saw that these communities needed complimentary education for their citizens, and she took action by creating a free school, one of the first in her state. But later, officials named a male as the head teacher instead of her. Disappointed, she left her job and moved to Washington D.C., becoming the first woman employed by the US Patent Office. Clara Barton was forever changed by her experience with the army in the Civil War. She saw doctors use leaves when dealing with injuries since they had nothing else. The medical supplies were well behind the army, who were moving faster than their medical supply lines. She brought in a truck of medical supplies that she collected personally some years ago. Miss Barton continued to work on the battlefields throughout the war. She helped in the recognition of 13,000 dead Union soldiers. This non-stop work made her fully exhausted. Following the advice of her doctor, she traveled to Europe where she recovered energy and enriched herself. While in Europe, and still in poor health, Miss Barton was moved by the hardship on people caused by the France-Prussia war. She helped in their relief effort, which encouraged her to create the Red Cross, which served the whole army and common people under a neutral flag. Clara Barton returned to America and then began the establishment(建立)of the American Red Cross. The US government did not think there would ever be another war after the Civil War. But she made them believe that the R ed Cross would be valuable to serve in times of natural disasters as well. This was her lasting legacy( 遗产 ), an agency that still provides aid to all people today. 61. What does the underlined word “complimentary” mean in the first paragraph? A. Public. B. Personal. C. Free. D. Modern 62. Why did Clara Barton bring her personal medical supplies? A. There were no medical supplies for the army at all. B. The army?s supplies couldn?t catch up with them. C. The army?s supplies weren?t good enough to treat soldiers. D. The enemies cut off the connection between the army and medical supplies. 63. Clara Barton set up the Red Cross because of ______. A. her experiences in Europe B. her poor health C. the lack of supplies for the army D. her work in the US Patent Office 64. The US government agreed to establish the Red Cross because Clara Barton ______. A. gave a lot of her legacy B. said there might be wars in the future C. explained it would help people in peacetime as well. D. believed it could save people from the France-Prussia war. 65. What does this passage mainly talk about? A. The history of American Civil War. B. A general introduction to Clara Barton.
C. Clara Barton?s contributions to the US. D. The Establishment of the American Red Cross. C For some people, music is no fun at all. About four percent of the population is what scientists call “amusic.” People who are amusic are born without the ability to recognize or reproduce musical notes(音调). Amusic people often cannot tell the difference between two songs. Amusics can only hear the difference between two notes if they are very far apart on the musical scale. As a result, songs sound like noise to an amusic. Many amusics compare the sound of music to pieces of metal hitting each other. Life can be hard for amusics. Their inability to enjoy music set them apart from others. It can be difficult for other people to identify(识别) with their condition. In fact, most people cannot begin to grasp what it feels like to be amusic. Just going to a restaurant or a shopping mall can be uncomfortable or even painful. That is why many amusics have to stay away from places where there is music. However, this can result in withdrawal and social loneliness. “I used to hate parties,” says Margaret, a seventy-year-old woman who only recently discovered that she was amusic. By studying people like Margaret, scientists are finally learning how to identify this unusual condition. Scientists say that the brains of amusics are different from the brains of people who can appreciate music. The difference is complex, and it is not connected with defective hearing. Amusics can understand other nonmusical sounds well. They also have no problems understanding ordinary speech. Scientists compare amusics to people who just can?t see certain colors. Many amusics are happy when their condition is finally diagnosed (诊断). For years, Margaret felt embarrassed about her problem with music. Now she knows that she is not alone. There is a name for her condition. That makes it easier for her to explain. “When people invite me to a concert, I just say, ?No thanks, I?m amusic,?” says Margaret. “I just wish I had learned to say that when I was seventeen and not seventy.” 66. Which of the following is true of amusics? A. Listening to music is far from enjoyable for them. B. They love places where they are likely to hear music. C. They can easily tell two different songs apart. D. Their situation is well understood by musicians. 67. How did scientists learn to identify amusics? A. By studying different kinds of music. B. By going to parties regularly. C. By studying amusic people. D. By comparing music to color. 68. According to paragraph 3, a person with “defective hearing” is probably one who ______. A. dislikes listening to speeches B. can hear anything nonmusical C. has a hearing problem D. lacks a complex hearing system 69. In the last paragraph, Margaret expressed her wish that ______.
A. her problem with music had been diagnosed earlier B. she were seventeen years old rather than seventy C. her problem could be easily explained D. she were able to meet other amusics 70. What is the passage mainly concerned with? A. Amusics? strange behaviours. B. Some people?s inability to enjoy music. C. Musical talent and brain structure. D. Identification and treatment of amusic D Since the 1970s, scientists have been searching for ways to link the brain with computers. Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology could help people with disabilities send orders to machines. Recently, two researchers, Jose Millan and Michele Tavella from the Federal Polytechnic School in Lausanne, Switzerland, showed a small robotic wheelchair directed by a person's thoughts. In the laboratory, Tavella operated the wheelchair just by thinking about moving his left or right hand. He could even talk as he watched the wheelchair and guided it with his thoughts. “Our brain has billions of nerve cells(神经细胞). These send signals through the spinal cord (脊髓)to the muscles(肌肉) to give us the ability to move. But spinal cord injuries or other conditions can prevent these weak electrical signals from reaching the muscles.” Tavella says. “Our system allows disabled people to communicate with outside world and also to control the machine.” The researchers designed a special cap for the user. This head cover picks up the signals from the scalp(头皮)and sends them to a computer. The computer understands the signals and directs the motorized wheelchair. The wheelchair also has two cameras that recognize objects in its path. They help the computer react to orders from the brain. Prof. Millan, the team leader, says scientists keep improving the computer software that understands brain signals and turns them into simple orders. “The practical possibilities that BCI technology offers to disabled people can be divided into two kinds: communication, and controlling the machine. One example is this wheelchair.” He says his team has set two goals. One is testing with real patients, so as to prove that this is a technology they can benefit from. And the other is to ensure that they can use the technology over long periods of time. 71. BCI is a technology that can ______. A. help to update computer systems B. link the human brain with computers C. help the disabled to become well D. control a person's thoughts 72 .How did Tavella operate the wheelchair in the laboratory? A. By controlling his muscles. B. By talking to the machine. C. By moving his hand. D. By using his mind. 73. Which of the following shows the path of the signals described in Paragraph 5? A. scalp → computer → cap →wheelchair B. compute → cap → scalp →wheelchair
C. scalp → cap → computer →wheelchair D. cap → computer → scalp →wheelchair 74. The team will test with real patients to ______. A. make profits from them B. prove the technology useful to them C. make them live longer D. learn about their physical condition 75. Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. Switzerland, the BCI Research Center B. New Findings About How the Human Brain Works C. BCI Could Mean More Freedom for the Disabled D. Computer Technology Could Help to Cure Brain Injuries 第四部分 写作（共三节，满分 35 分） 第一节 单词拼写（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）(原创) 请根据所给汉语意思提示完成句子。 76.With winter ______(接近), days get shorter and shorter. 77. Though______(尴尬), she still held on to finishing it with a smile. 78. According to the recent ______(统计数字), the number is still increasing. 79. Some ______ believe jogging does good to their health(参加者). 80. You cannot leave the room without my ______(允许). 81. If he______(幸存)the injury, please tell him the news of victory. 82. The robber was ______(击毙)when he attempted to run away. 83. ______ in thought(迷失，集中注意力于), he didn?t even notice me. 84. ______ (热情的)and lovely, the teacher is respected by her students. 85. He can speak English as ______ (流利)as an Englishman. 第二节 课文填空（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） While he was still a 86 , Mozart was already a big star and 87 Europe 88 concerts. Hayden met Mozart in 1781 and was very 89 with him. “He is the greatest 90 the world has known.” he said. They two were friends until Mozart?s death in 1791. 第三节 书面表达（满分 20 分） 假定你是李华，是重庆一中高一学生，你接受了一项写作任务，要为英语校 报写一篇人物介绍。请根据以下信息，介绍一位传奇人物居里夫人。 Marie Curie 出生日期： 1867 年 11 月 7 日 出 生 地： 波兰(Poland)一个富裕家庭 兴趣爱好： 自幼对物理及阅读很有兴趣 教育经历： 当时波兰不允许女子上大学，她去法国深造 性格特征： 意志坚强，能专注研究 主要成就： 发现镭(radium)， 是唯一获得诺贝尔物理和化学奖的女科学家 评价： 为科学付出了很多，被认为是世界上最伟大的科学家 Marie Curie _____________________________________________________________________ 命题人：李 智 审题人：祝晓英
2015 年重庆一中高 2017 级高一上期末考试
英 语 答 案
听力 1—5 CACBA 单选 21-35 DBBDA 完形填空 36-55 ACBDB 阅读理解 56-60 CDCCB
6—10BBCBA CBDBD CBADD ADCBA
66—70 ACCAB 71-75 BDCBC
76. approaching; 77.embarrassed; 78.statistics; 79.participants; 80.permission; 81. survives; 82.shot; 83.Lost; 84.Enthusiastic; 85.fluently;
One possible version Marie Curie Born in a wealthy family in Poland ,Nov.7, 1867, Marie Curie, also known as Madame Curie, showed great interest in physics and reading at an early age. Having no chance of being admitted to a university in Poland as a woman at that time, she went to France for further studies. With a strong will, she managed to concentrate on her science research. Madame Curie achieved great success in discovering radium, which enabled her to be the only woman scientist to win the Nobel Prize in Physics as well as in Chemistry. Not only did she make great contributions to science but she was considered as the greatest woman scientist throughout the world.