广东省珠海一中等六校 2013 届高三 5 月高考模拟考试
本试卷共 8 页，三大题，满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 I 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1－15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选 项
，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 In the middle 1800s, there were only a few white settlers in the southwestern United States. The Apache, a native Indian tribe, lived at 1 with the white settlers. In February 1861, Lieutenant Bascom, an American military officer, asked to speak with Cochise because a farm had been attacked and a white boy taken away. Cochise was an unusually powerful Apache leader. The whites who knew him both feared and 2 him. Friends as well as enemies considered him to be a(n) 3 man. He always told the truth and expected others to do the same. Lieutenant Bascom knew nothing about Cochise. The officer was 4 only with succeeding at his first command. Cochise was not 5 for the attack. So, the Apache chief believed the American soldiers had come in peace and he went to meet them with his family, which was a sign of 6 . But Lieutenant Bascom did not understand the sign. They met in Bascom's cloth tent. Cochise told the officer that his people were not 7 in the attack. Lieutenant Bascom, however, accused Cochise of 8 and told Cochise that he and his family would be held prisoner until the boy was returned. Cochise reacted 9 . He stood up, pulled out his knife and cut a hole in the 10 . He escaped through the hole. The soldiers waiting outside were taken by 11 . They shot at Cochise three times but missed. But the soldiers captured the other people. Cochise caught four Americans and left a message for Bascom about 12 prisoners. But Bascom did not find Cochise's message until two days later. By then, it was too late. The Americans had already 13 Cochise's family. Cochise immediately made plans to 14 the Americans and he had the prisoners killed. He decided that Americans could 15 be trusted. The incident led to years of violence and terror. 1. A. ease B. war C. peace D. will 2. A. loved B. respected C. hated D. envied 3. A. honest B. violent C. ambitious D. outspoken 4. A. busy B. concerned C. faced D. worried 5. A. eager B. prepared C. blamed D. responsible 6. A. strength B. bravery C. trust D. fear 7. A. involved B. interested C. guilty D. included 8. A. joking B. pretending C. murdering D. lying
9. A. quickly B. angrily C. fiercely D. hurriedly 10. A. door B. wall C. tent D. front 11. A. amazement B. nervousness C. terror D. surprise 12. A. releasing B. returning C. killing D. exchanging 13. A. beaten B. caught C. hanged D. imprisoned 14. A. repay B. reward C. remove D. resist 15. A. rarely B. never C. merely D. seldom 第二节 语法填空 （共 10 小题 ，每小题 1.5 分 ，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16－25 的相应位置上。 Our experience at the Children’s Medical Care Center was eye-opening. We saw a lot of children without hair due to their radioactive treatment. We played with them and taught them to draw pictures. The children, though 16. (suffer) such great pains, were so friendly that it was much easier to interact with them than we 17. (expect). One day, an incident deeply touched us. A girl suggested that she teach us how to fold paper. She taught us 18. great patience, explaining each step slowly and clearly. Though we could easily do that, we still pretended to know nothing about it. We followed her, step by step, doing everything she told us. Finally, _19. we finished our work successfully, she gave each of us 20. big hug. We could see the pride and happiness on her face. Her father was so thankful to us that he held our hands tightly, tears in his eyes. And it was not until then 21. we knew the girl would receive an operation the next day. Many stories happened at the center. It was really a 22. (value) experience to us all, enriching our life in a positive way. The children’s happy faces and 23. strong minds will stay with us forever. The days we spent at the Center inspired us boys 24. (reflect) on many things. We began to reflect on how to deal with the difficulties in life, because our “troubles” seem not worth mentioning at all compared with 25. these innocent kids are going through. II 阅读(共两节，满分 50 分) 第—节 阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 阅读—列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 A A fellow speaker from California named Geri flew to Japan, in her favorite jeans and a casual jacket, to give her first speech. Fourteen hours later, four perfectly dressed Japanese gentlemen greeted her at Narita Airport. Smiling and bowing low, they handed her their business cards. With her bag in one hand, Geri took their cards with the other. She thanked them, glanced briefly at the cards, and put them into her jeans pocket quickly. When the five of them arrived at the hotel, they invited Geri to tea in the lobby (大厅). While sipping tea, the gentlemen presented her with a small gift which she eagerly opened. She was thrilled with the gift and shouted excitedly, “Oh, it’s beautiful!” At this point, the four Japanese gentlemen stood up and, bowing only very slightly, said “Sayonara” and left immediately. Poor Geri was left astonished. What did she do wrong? Everything! Her jeans were the first gaffe. Even if you’re coming off a bicycle in Japan, you do not meet c1ients (客人) casually dressed. The second mistake was Geri’s handling of their business
cards rudely. In Japan, the business card is one of the most important communicative tools. It is always presented and accepted respectfully with both hands. However, Geri put their cards away much too quickly. In Japan, people use business cards as a conversation starter. You chat about each other’s cards and work and do not put theirs away until they gently and respectfully place yours in safekeeping. Putting it carelessly into her jeans pocket was the ultimate disrespect. Then, the fourth horror of horrors was that Geri should not have opened the gift in front of her clients. In a land where saving face is critical, it would be embarrassing to discover the gift they gave was not as nice as the one they received. What is worse, Geri hadn’t even given them a gift! 26. In the four Japanese gentlemen’s eyes, Geri took their cards _____________. A. excitedly B. embarrassingly C. politely D. disrespectfully 27. Why did the four Japanese gentlemen leave Geri suddenly? A. Because they couldn’t bear Geri’s behavior any longer. B. Because they had finished the task. C. Because Geri had something more important to do. D. Because Geri felt embarrassed. 28. What does the underlined word “gaffe” in Paragraph 3 probably mean? A. ignorance B. sadness C. mistake D. carelessness 29. The third mistake Geri made was that she _____________. A. used her own card as a conversation starter B. took her clients’ cards with one hand C. kept her clients’ cards in a wrong place D. met her clients in jeans 30. What lesson can we draw from this story? A. Honesty is the best policy. B. Think twice before you take any action. C. When in Rome, do as the Romans do. D. Don't claim to know what you don't know. B Life is to be enjoyed. There’s no point in giving up something you enjoy unless you get something back that’s even better. When people eat more healthfully, exercise, quit smoking, and manage stress better, they find that they feel so much better that it reconstructs the reason for making these changes from fear of dying to joy of living. The latest studies show that when you exercise and eat right: YOUR BRAIN receives more blood flow and oxygen, so you become smarter, think more clearly, have more energy, and need less sleep. Two studies showed that just walking for three hours per week for only three months caused so many new neurons (神经细胞) to grow that it actually increased the size of people’s brains! YOUR FACE receives more blood flow, so your skin glows more and wrinkles less. You look younger and more attractive. In contrast, an unhealthy diet, chronic emotional stress and smoking reduce blood flow to your face so you age more quickly. Smoking accelerates aging because nicotine causes your arteries (动脉) to narrow down, which decreases blood flow to your face and makes it wrinkle earlier. This is why smokers look years older than they really are. YOUR GENES change. In May, a study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences showing that changing your lifestyle changes your genes.
YOUR TELOMERES (染色体端粒) get longer. Telomeres are the ends of our chromosomes (染色体) that control how long we live. As telomeres become shorter, then cells age more quickly, thus shortening your life. Besides, one of the most interesting findings in the study was that the mothers’ awareness of stress was more important than what was really occurring in their lives. The researchers gave the women a questionnaire and asked them to rate on a three-point scale how stressed they felt each day, and how out of control their lives felt to them. The women who were aware that they were under heavy stress had significantly shortened and damaged telomeres compared with those who felt more relaxed. On the contrary, some of the women who felt relaxed despite raising a disabled child had more normal-appearing telomeres. In other words, if you feel stressed, you are stressed; if you feel fine, you are fine. 31. Which of the following are good for lengthening one’s life, according to the passage? ① eat healthy food ② drink plenty of water ③ take exercise ④ get up early
⑤ go to sleep early ⑥ release one’s stress A. ①③⑥ B. ①②③ C. ①⑤⑥ D. ③④⑥
32. The underlined words “your skin glows” in Paragraph 3 are closest in meaning to _________. A. your skin becomes white as there is plenty of sunshine B. your skin becomes smooth as there is much blood in it C. your skin looks pink as you are healthy D. your skin becomes soft as you exercise enough 33. In the author’s opinion, when you exercise and eat right, you will experience some changes EXCEPT _________. A. brains becoming cleverer B. faces having fewer wrinkles C. arteries turning narrower D. genes being changed 34. From the last but one paragraph we learn that _________. A. mothers will have more damaged telomeres if they raise a disabled child B. mothers don’t know how to handle stress effectively C. some women were asked to fill out a questionnaire about educating children D. mothers’ positive attitudes are the key to managing their stress 35. The best title for the passage would be _________. A. Eat better, live better B. Feel better, live longer C. Less stress, fewer diseases D. Smoke more, age sooner C Child prodigies (神童) cause awe, wonder and sometimes jealousy: how can such young children display the kinds of musical or mathematical talents that most adults will never master, even with years of hard practice? It is widely acknowledged that prodigies are born, not made. Practice alone isn't going to turn out the next 6-year-old Mozart. So finds a recent study of eight famous young prodigies, which sought to make it easier to understand the causes of their talent. The study found a few key characteristics these youngsters had in common. For example, they all had exceptional working memories, far better than ordinary people. Surprisingly, however, the study found that not all of the prodigies had high IQs. Indeed, while they had higher-than-average intelligence, some didn't have IQs that were as remarkable as their early achievements would suggest.
The authors also found that prodigies scored high in autistic (自闭症的) features, especially in their extreme attention to details. They scored even higher on this feature than people diagnosed (诊 断) with Asperger's syndrome, a high-functioning form of autism (自闭症) that typically includes great enthusiasm about details. Three of the eight prodigies had a diagnosed autism disorder. Four of the eight families included in the study reported autism diagnoses in first-or-second-degree relatives, and three of these families reported a total of 11 close relatives with autism. In the general population, in comparison, about 1 in 88 people have either autism or Asperger's. Other unusual similarities between prodigies and those with autism: they're both more likely to be male and both are associated with difficult pregnancies, suggesting that what they had gone through before they were born may play a role in their development. Yet, very little research has been done on the connection between autism and extreme talent. As a matter of fact, prodigies appear to benefit from certain autistic tendencies. In other words, these children may have some genetic feature or learned skill that allows them to maintain intense focus, without damaging their social skills or suffering from other disabilities that typically accompany autism disorders. Comparing these children with those who have autism could therefore potentially help explain what goes wrong in those who develop disabling forms of autism and what goes right in others with similar features who simply benefit from the condition and are able to improve their abilities. 12. According to Paragraph 1, what is the common idea towards child prodigies? A. They are not created. B. Practice can create child prodigies. C. They must be created. D. Musical child prodigies are created within several years. 13. Which of the following is TRUE according to the recent study? A. All the child prodigies have limited working memories. B. All the child prodigies don’t have high IQs. C. All the child prodigies have autism at the same time. D. Child prodigies come into being after a good education. 14. What can we learn from Paragraph 4? A. All these eight prodigies are diagnosed with autism. B. Prodigies are more likely to suffer from autism than the ordinary people. C. Children diagnosed with autism are likely to become a prodigy. D. Child prodigies and those with autism have something in common. 39. What is the main idea of the passage? A. What talent and autism have in common? B. What are the characteristics of talent? C. What are the findings about a mental disease called autism? D. What is autism? 40. Such an article is most likely to be found in ____________. A. a business magazine B. a newspaper C. a sports program on TV D. the Science Column of a magazine D When Peng Liyuan stepped off the plane in Moscow, the whole world wanted to know who dressed the elegant first lady. The reporter released the secret—Ma Ke. Peng Liyuan has been wearing Ma Ke's designs for more
than a decade, a fact that was only highlighted recently when she was on her first state visit, accompanying her husband President Xi Jinping. The elegant and attractive Peng, formerly a popular singer, has been compared with the US’ first lady Michelle Obama and France’s Carla Bruni-Sarkozy, since stepping off the airplane in Moscow on March 22. Suddenly, everyone was curious to know more about the first lady’s wardrobe. Even so, Ma prefers a low-key approach. “If you eat a tasty egg why would you want to see the hen?” she says of all the media attention. Ma’s relationship with Peng began 10 years ago after a concert in Guangzhou when a reporter told Peng she knew the designer behind the label Exception de Mixmind. Peng asked for an introduction because she was a fan of Ma’s designs and had been wearing them for years. The two naturally became friends. Ma says: “The painting reflects the painter, and clothes reflect both the designer and the wearer. Someone desires fame and wealth, or love and sympathy; what you have in your heart is reflected in the design. Those who don’t share my philosophy won’t buy my clothes. Peng is a caring person, devoted to charity and environmental protection, which is exactly what I’m doing now.” However, regardless of the brand, Peng’s support of Chinese labels has surprised millions of Chinese who favor foreign fashion brands. “Instead she presented a vision of Chinese fashion, desiring to bring Chinese designers to the world stage,” says a western designer. The first lady’s double-breasted coat and her black leather handbag aren’t available at any of Exception’s shops, though Exception’s physical stores do have seen a rising number of visitors. 41. The passage mainly discusses _________. A. the designer of the first lady Peng Liyuan’s dress, Ma Ke B. the friendship between Peng Liyuan and her designer C. Peng Liyuan’s clothes on her first state visit D. the reactions to Peng Liyuan’s first visit to Moscow 42. In the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 Ma Ke mentioned “an egg and the hen” to show _________. A. it is hard to explain “Which came first, the egg or the hen?” B. paying such great attention to her was unnecessary C. the outcome was more important than the process D. her dissatisfaction with the media attention on her dress 43. What can be inferred from the passage? A. First ladies compete with each other whenever they are together. B. Peng’s suits can be bought in Ma Ke’s clothes stores. C. Ma Ke offered to design the first lady’s clothes through her friends. D. Peng had liked Ma’s designs long before she got to know her in the flesh. 44. In the passage, Peng Liyuan _________. A. often reflects on what she has in her heart before choosing clothes B. is sympathetic and has a strong environmental consciousness C. always desires the exceptional charm of the brand D. is knowledgeable in philosophy 45. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. Peng wears the dress designed by a Chinese designer probably to support Chinese brands.
B. Many citizens found Peng Liyuan’s choice quite unexpected. C. Black leather handbags like Peng’s are widely sold in bag stores in big cities. D. After Peng Liyuan’s visit to Moscow Ma Ke’s clothes became more popular. 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项 字母涂黑。 下面是房屋中介手头所具有的、同一个小区的房屋信息： A. This apartment is large with four bedrooms, two bathrooms, and a not very big living room. Its inner space is fully used and nothing seems to be a waste. It faces north and not high, which makes it economical. But its construction is just as good as any other. B. This apartment is one of the best in its building, which is mainly aimed at singles. It has a bedroom, a living room, a bathroom and of course the kitchen. It is on the shopping mall and close to stores, restaurants, bars and so on, which is a good condition for those who have no time to cook. C. This is one of the biggest and grandest apartments in this garden, with four bedrooms and a spacious living room. It is on the top floor, with free and convenient use of the top of the building. This apartment has every advantage you require, and the only disadvantage exists in its cost. D. This apartment is at the back of the garden with one bedroom, a living room, a bathroom and a kitchen. It faces west and looks into a small hill covered with trees. Though small, it is well equipped with whatever is required of an apartment. It’s on the fourth floor, so it will save quite some money for the buyer. E. This apartment is at the quiet back of the garden. It is not big, with only two bedrooms but a large balcony for sunshine. It faces south and looks onto the fountain in the garden. It is away from the road noise and is a good choice for anybody who prefers quiet. F. This apartment has three bedrooms and two bathrooms. It is at the back of the garden, away from the road. The seventh floor is neither too high nor too low, which makes it neither too expensive nor too cheap. The majority of average people are its potential buyers. 下面是五个想买房的人的信息和购房要求。读完后请匹配最符合他们需要的房子： 46. Mr. Yu and his wife both hold a high position in their companies. They are moving to a larger place to enjoy their life. They need an apartment with a large living room as they have frequent visitors and guests. Besides, they will give their son and daughter separate rooms. As money is no problem, they want comfort and space besides a shelter. 47. Miss Xie has entered a nice company and she hopes to move from her rented apartment to her own home, where she could not only feel more secure but also date with her boyfriend. Her home needn’t be large but has to be convenient to bars or coffee houses as she is very sociable. 48. Mr. Gu has to support both his own parents and his wife’s parents. They need a large enough apartment to provide enough beds for all of them. Though they have their former apartment to sell, it is still a big challenge to the working couple. Anyway, he plans to give his daughter a separate room. 49. Mr. Lin and his wife have both retired from work. They want to buy an apartment to live in while the price is not too high. They don’t need too many rooms but still have to consider a spare bedroom for his son, who may visit them occasionally. Besides, they require the new home to be quiet at night.
50. Mr. Fei works as a designer in a company while his wife keeps the home. As he has saved enough money, he wants to buy an apartment of his own. Besides a bedroom for his son, he plans to set aside a room as his studio, where he can continue his work at night. His new home doesn’t have to be big but does have to be quiet. III 写作 （共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 基础写作 （共 1 小题；满分 15 分） H7N9 禽流感是一种极其危险的病毒，正在国内流行，请用英语写一篇短文介绍“如何预 防禽流感” 。 [写作内容] 1. 现状：截至 2013 年 5 月 3 日，全国 128 人感染 H7N9 病毒，27 人死亡。 2. 目的：预防禽流感 3. 措施：1. 保持良好的个人卫生习惯，如勤洗手、保持室内通风。 2. 多进行体育锻炼，加强营养，增强个人体质，提高抵抗力。 3. 避免接触和食用病死禽、畜。 4. 注意：一旦出现发热，尤其是高热，要及时就医。 [参考词汇] 禽流感：bird flu 营养：nutrition 抵抗力：resistance [写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容 [评分标准] 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章连贯。 第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题；满分 25 分） 阅读下面的新闻，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 From security guard to top college student In Shandong Normal University, one student in particular has drawn much attention as he used to be a security guard at Qinghua University. During his spare time, he went to different classes at the top university as his goal was to get into college one day. Jia is from a poor rural family in Shandong province. Although he never finished high school, his college ambitions never stopped. He became a security guard at Qinghua University. Guarding the school and taking free classes at Qinghua during his spare time, self-taught Jia took the college entrance exam in June last year and he made the grade. His family is very proud of his achievement. They didn't know about his college dream. All they wanted from him was a decent marriage and grandchildren. Jia says he has made plans for his new college life and up to now everything has been fine. He wants to finish his degree in three years and then go to an even better graduate school. He says everyone should strive to improve their life and is confident about his future. [写作内容] 假设你看完上面这则新闻故事后深有感触，决定在班上英语课前活动中做一个英语演讲。 演讲的开头和结尾已为你写好，内容包括以下几点。 1．以约 30 词概括上面新闻故事的主要内容。
2．以约 120 词发表你的看法，内容包括： (1) 这则新闻故事带给你的感受。 (2) 你认为主人公的成功最重要的原因是什么？为什么？ (3) 受到的启发并进行呼吁。 [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事．也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原 文中的句子。 2. 写作中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
英 语 试 题 答 案
I 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 1－5 CBABD 6－10 CADAC 11－15 DDCAB
第二节 语法填空 （共 10 小题 ，每小题 1.5 分 ，满分 15 分） 16.suffering 17.had expected 18.with 19.when/after 20.a 21.that 22.valuable 23.their 24.to reflect 25.what II 阅读(共两节，满分 50 分) 第—节 阅读理解(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 26-30 DACCC 31-35 ACCDB 36-40 ABBAD 41-45 ABDBC 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 46－50 CBAEF III 写作 （共两节，满分 40 分） 第二节 基础写作 （共 1 小题；满分 15 分） A possible version: By May 3, 2013, 128 people in our country had been affected with the virus H7N9 and 27 had died from it. In order to keep away from the dangerous bird flu, you should keep a healthy habit, like frequently washing your hands and keeping your rooms open to the wind. You should also take more exercise and increase your nutrition to build up your body and strengthen your resistance. Moreover, don’t touch or eat birds or animals that have died of disease. Once you have a fever especially a high fever, go to see the doctor right away. 第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题；满分 25 分） A possible version: Fly Your Dream Ladies and gentlemen, Today I would like to begin my speech with Jia’s story. Born poor and previously a safety guard at Qinghua University, Jia never gave up on his college dream. By taking advantage of the academic resources at Qinghua, he finally made his way to college last year. Reading this piece of news, I am both shocked and moved. Jia pursued his dream and made achievements despite his disadvantaged financial and occupational background. Among the many reasons why he succeeded, I would point out the role of having a dream as the most critical one. As we can see around us, many would have dropped their dream and thought of themselves as doomed to be underprivileged the whole life, should they be in Jia’s shoes. Yet that’s far from the worst case. Take a look around us, and it is not unusual to find students with better family background than Jia but without a dream, spending their youth playing games and surfing the net. In my opinion, they are simply not making their life as worthwhile as a security guard did. Therefore, I would appeal that we all follow the example of Jia, find a dream and fight for it. After all, only if we do have a dream can we fly it and finally realize it! That’s the end of my speech. Thank you. Keys words and sentences in the summary: 1. Jia; 2. poor rural family; 3. his college ambitions never stopped; 4. Guarding the school and taking free classes at Qinghua University during his spare time, self-taught Jia took the college entrance exam last year and he made it. 阅读理解的简析： 26. D. 由文章第一段”glanced briefly at the cards, and put them into her jeans pocket quickly”. 和
第四段的 The second mistake was Geri’s handling of their business cards rudely. 可知答案。 27. A. 从第 5 段 Then, the fourth horror of horrors was that Geri should not have opened the gift in front of her clients. In a land where saving face is critical, it would be embarrassing to discover the gift they gave was not as nice as the one they received.可推知答案 28. C 从第三段 What did she do wrong? 和第五段的 The second mistake was Geri’s handling of their business cards rudely. 可推知答案 29. C 从第五段 The second mistake was Geri’s handling of their business cards rudely. 和 Putting it carelessly into her jeans pocket was the ultimate disrespect.可推知答案 30. C. 纵观全文可得出答案。 31. A. 根据文章第一自然段，When people eat more healthfully, exercise, quit smoking, and manage stress better…, 答案很容易确定，文中并没有提到②④⑤ 32. C. glow 在文中的意思为“脸色红润”，所以选择 C 选项。 33. C. 根据文章第三自然段，Smoking accelerates aging because nicotine causes your arteries to narrow down…, 是尼古丁使动脉变窄，所以 C 项错误。 34. D. 根据文章的倒数第二自然段第一句话 One of the most interesting findings in the study was that the mothers’ awareness of stress was more important than what was really occurring in their lives. 以及后面的调查结果显示，母亲们对压力的态度对成功应对压力起着重要的作用。 35. B. 综合文章第二、第三、第四、第五自然段，可以看出，当心情好时，新的神经细胞不断 生长、动脉变宽、基因改变、染色体端粒变长，因此人的寿命也会相应地变长，所以选 择 B 选项，其它选项都是片面的。 36. A. 此题为细节理解题。 根据第一段第五行 “It is widely acknowledged that prodigies are born, not made"可知，人们普遍认为，天才是天生的，并不是后天培养的。由此可得答案。(另外 原文中 it is widely acknowledged 等同于题干中的 the common idea；原文中的 made 等同于 选项中的 created) 37. B. 细节理解题。 根据第四段 “the study found that not all of the prodigies had high IQs."可知， 并非的天才都有高智商。此题目的陷阱就在于 all … not 和 not … all 都是不完全否定，翻 译为“并不是所有的人”而不是“所有的人都不” 。另外 A、C、D 项分别可在第 3、4、5 段中找到正确答案。 38. B. 此题为推理判断题。根据第 6 段第一句话和最后一句话可知，8 个天才中有 3 个被诊断 为自闭症患者，天才的亲属患有自闭症的可能性也大。相比之下，普通人患有自闭症的比 例更低一些。 39. A. 此题为主旨大意题。根据全文内容可知此篇文章重点讲述的是天才和自闭症的相似之 处。 40. D. 纵观全文可得出答案。 41. A. 主旨大意题。本题的答案主要依据就文章 Para. 1，因为此为新闻类题材，其主旨或标 题不在概括全文，而是最吸引人的部分，即文中 Para. 1，尤其是最后一句 The reporter released the secret—Ma Ke.. [记者揭开了主设计师马可的面纱]， 此句有 reporter 亦可判断是 一则新闻。 42. B. 推理判断题。在 Para. 3提到马可说的这句话，再结合前一句 Ma prefers a low-key approach 可以看出马可是一个低调的人，即对应答案 B。选项 A 说鸡和蛋谁先出现，属于 无关选项，可排除选项；选项 C 说结果比过程重要，和马可的为人不符合，也不能推出； D 说表达不满，不合文意。 43. D. 推理判断题。在 Para. 2 中 Peng Liyuan has been wearing Ma Ke's designs for more than a decade, a fact that was only highlighted recently… 可见在两人正式认识前彭丽媛就喜欢穿 马可设计的衣服了， 所以选 D。 选项 A 错误， Para. 2 The elegant and attractive Peng, formerly a popular singer, has been compared with the US’ first lady Michelle Obama and France’s Carla
Bruni-Sarkozy, since stepping off the airplane in Moscow on March 22. 不是 wherever they are. 选项 B 错误，最后一段 Para. 8 The first lady’s double-breasted coat and her black leather handbag aren’t available at any of Exception’s shops 在店里是不能购买到相同的产品的； 选项 C 错误， Para. 4提到 Ma’s relationship with Peng began 10 years ago after a concert…10年前两 人通过一位记者介绍认识，并非为了此次出访设计衣服才去认识的。 44. B. 推 理 判 断 题 。 Para. 5 Professor Peng is a caring person, dedicated to charity and environmental protection. 正好对应选项 B 当中的有同情心的和强烈的环保意识。 选项 A 错 误，Para. 5 what you have in your heart is reflected in the design.穿衣反应内心的价值，并非 是选择衣服前都先反思下内心；选项 C 错误，文中没有提到 exceptional charm；选项 D 错 误，在 Para. 5第三行提到 Those who don’t share my philosophy won’t buy my clothes. [和我 没有共同的理念的人就不会买我的衣服]。 45. C. 细节理解题。最后一段 Para. 8 The first lady’s double-breasted coat and her black leather handbag aren’t available at any of Exception’s shops.所以选项 C 是 false，即应该选择 C。选 项 A 是 true，Para. 7&8中可以看出；选项 B 是 true，Para. 6 Peng’s support of Chinese labels has surprised millions of Chinese who favor foreign fashion brands.说明彭丽媛的选择让国人 感觉出人意料。选项 D 是 true，Para. 8 though Exception’s physical stores do have seen a rising number of visitors. 顾客越来越多，证明越来越受欢迎。 附：基础写作评分标准： 7-8 具有很好的语言运用能力；语法和句子结构准确性高，词汇方面使用 较好，只有少许错误。 具有较好的语言运用能力；语法和句子结构准确性较好，有一些语法 结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 语言运用能力一般；语法和句子结构基本准确，语法结构或词汇方面 的错误不影响理解。 语言运用能力较差；语法和句子结构基本不够准确，语法结构或词汇 方面的错误较多，而且影响了对句子意义的理解。 语言运用能力很差；语法、句子结构、词汇错误很多，句子意义无法 理解。 每多或少写一个句子，扣 1 分。 包括了所有信息内容。 包括了大部分信息内容。 包括了基本信息内容。 包括了小部分信息内容。 包括了少许信息内容。 没有包括所提供的信息内容。 内容连贯，而且结构紧凑。 内容连贯性比较好，而且结构比较紧凑。 内容连贯性较差，而且结构不够紧凑。 内容缺乏连贯性，而且结构松散。 文不对题，给 0 分。
5-6 3-4 1-2 0 备注 5 4 3 2 1 0 2
1.5 1 0 备注
读写任务评分标准： 项目 分值 5 评分标准 按照要求概括了原文的全部主要信息，没有增加与原文无关的信息，没 有照抄原文的句子。语言结构正确，行文规范。
4 概 3 2 括 0-1 18-20
基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息，没有增加与原文无关的信息，没 有照抄原文的句子。语言结构正确，行文规范。 基本按照要求概括了原文的主要信息，但包含一些不相关的信息，有个 别句子抄自原文。语言结构基本正确，行文比较规范。 不能按照要求概括原文的主要信息，包含较多不相关的信息，有较多的 抄袭。语言结构不够准确，行文不够规范。 没有按照要求概括原文的主要信息，基本是不相关的信息，大多数句子 都抄自原文。语言结构不准确，行文不规范。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确，内容丰富。 词汇丰富，用词得当。能有效运用合适的语言结构，而且没有（或极少） 语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题明确，个别内容不准确 或者不相关。 词汇较丰富，有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构，有少许 的语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性较好。 包含题目所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点。主题比较明确，个别内容不 准确或者不相关。 词汇较丰富，有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构，有少许 的语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性较好。 包含题目所给的部分内容要点。主题基本明确，有些内容不准确或者不 相关。 词汇有限，有较多的用词错误。语言结构出现较多的语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性一般。 只包含题目所给的个别内容要点。多数内容不相关或者不准确。文章有 些地方照抄源文。 词汇贫乏，有较多的用词错误。大多数的句子出现语法错误。 篇章结构的连贯性差。 只包含与题目所给要点内容有关的一些单词。主题不明确，文章基本照 抄原文。 词汇极其贫乏，基本不能正确用词。几乎没有正确的句子。篇章结构零 乱。 以下几种情况，给0分： 1）完全抄袭原文（或其它文章） 。 2）文不对题。 3）只写一些零散的单词，完全没有表达完整的内容。