英 语 试 题
本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。共 120 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项：
部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分）
第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the woman mean? A. She must go home now. B. She can stay a little longer. C. Her parents expect a lot of her. 2. What does the woman think of the party? A. It’s successful. 3. What time is it now? A. 8:00. A. Sad. 5. Who will pay for the dinner? A. The man. B. The woman. C. They will go Dutch. 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Teacher and student. 7. Who does the man want? A. A waitress. B. A secretary. C. A director. 8. What can we learn about the woman? A. She is studying in a university now. B. She has no working experience. C. She will get the job at last. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. Where are the speakers? A. In a restaurant. A.￥206. B. In a hotel. B.￥216.
B. It’s not good. B. 8:30. B. Embarrassed.
C. It’s too noisy. C. 9:00. C. Unbelievable.
4. How does the woman feel when she meets with the man?
B. Boss and clerk.
C. Interviewer and interviewee.
C. In a bank. C.￥260.
10. How much should the man pay?
11. How would the man like to pay? A. By cash. B. By credit card. C. By cheque. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 12 至 14 题。 12. Where did Steve come back from last week? A. From America. B. From China. C. From Japan.
13. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The woman will visit Steve with the man. B. The woman should wear a formal dress. C. The man wants to buy a bunch of roses. 14. How will they deal with their kids? A. Ask the neighbor to look after them. B. Take the kids with them. C. Leave the kids alone at home. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 15 至 17 题。 15. Who is the man talking to? A. A teacher. A. Limit his search. A. News articles. B. A student. B. Use a typewriter. B. Magazine articles. C. A librarian. C. Try a broader topic. C. Newspaper articles. 16. What does the woman advise the man to do? 17. What articles can be found in the “Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature”? 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. Why did the little boy open the window? A. To feed an elephant. 19. What does Nelson do? A. He is a guard. 20. What will happen at last? A. Nelson will be punished. B. Nelson will be forgiven. C. Nelson will be given a glass of beer. B. He is a policeman. C. He is a doctor. B. To take some photos. C. To enjoy the scenery outside.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 21. The scientist does not study nature ________ it is useful to do so. He studies it because he takes pleasure in it. A. until B. though C. because D. unless 22. — Mom! Jack has broken a cup! — Doesn’t matter. Accidents ________ happen. A. should B. must C. will D. shall 23. Home is ________ somebody notices when you are no longer there.
A. that B. when C. how D. where 24. — Could you please explain the assignment for Monday, Miss Smith? — Certainly. Read the next chapter and come to class ________ to discuss what you’ve read. A. preparing B. prepared C. to prepare D. to be prepared 25. They eat only plant foods, and take ca re to ________ animal products from other areas of their lives. A. contain B. maintain C. exclude D. include 26. — Did you stay at the party until the very end last night? — No, I left as early as was ________ with politeness. A. content B. consistent C. patient D. permanent 27. Believe it or not, your ship isn’t quite sunk, as there are some ways to ________ a new career even if it’s something you’ve never done before. A. burst into B. get through C. break into D. comb through 28. Maury Brown of Forbes reports that Major League Baseball’s annual ________ for 2014 will top $9 billion. A . allowances B. revenues C. rates D. accounts 29. — Alan seems a lot taller than when I last saw him. — He ________. He’s grown a foot since you saw him in Shanghai. A. is B. will be C. has been D. was 30. Personal space is the region surrounding a person ________ they regard as psychologically theirs. A. who B. where C. when D. which 31. On two occasions he was accused of stealing money from the company, but in neither case ______ any evidence to support the claims. A. was there B. there was C. had there been D. there had been 32. A great deal of hotel business comes from people travelling not just for holidays but by people travelling ________ their business activities. A. in harmony with B. in conflict with C. by order of D. by virtue of 33. You are not ________ to unemployment benefit if you have never worked. A. accustomed B. resigned C. entitled D. submitted
34. We guarantee that all your personal information will be treated ________ and there should be no fear at all of identity theft. A. initially B. independently C. confidently D. confidentially 35. — I can’t bear the air pollution in this city anymore. It is getting worse and worse. — ________! We’ve never had so many chemical factorie s before. A. I wouldn’t bet on it B. You said it C. Keep it up D. Come off it 第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 Everyone enjoys a fitting reply; it is wonderful to say the right thing at the right time! When I was a senior in high school, I 36 knew I wanted to pursue writing as a career. Writing had basically 37 me when I was only 7 years old, 38 since that time, I’d been bombarded by guidance counselors and career planners who all 39 me to have “a back-up plan” in case writing didn’t work out. I’d never even 40 a different career path, so I was very 41 and worried. After much
thought, I decided 42 would be my “back-up plan,” and I signed up for a class through my high school. This 43 that every morning, I would serve as a teacher’s helper for my favorite 6th grade teacher, Mr. Ralston. Morning after morning, I showed up in Mr. Ralston’s classroom and 44 papers for him. Sometimes, I even 45 a lesson or two. It was fun, and the students seemed to like me, so I was surprised when it came time for my 46 . Mr. Ralston looked me right in the eyes and asked, “Do you really want to teach?” “Had I really been that 47 ?” I thought. “Don’t misunderstand. You’ll do fine in teaching,” he continued. “But, is your 48 really in it?” “Not really,” I 49 . “I want to write. I want to write news stories and fiction and poetry and so much more…but I’ve been told it’s tough to make it as a writer 50 I thought maybe I would teach and then use my summers 51 to pursue writing.” As I shared with Mr. Ralston my hopes, dreams and carefully plotted-out back-up plan, he smiled and said, “Why are you preparing to 52 with this back-up plan? If you want to be a writer, go for it! Pursue writing!” Mr. Ralston’s 53 to follow my dreams was the little nudge I needed to help me push past my 54 of not making it as a writer and simply “Go for it!” That’s what an encouraging word will do when spoken in love in 55 season. So, let’s try and be like Mr. Ralston and speak that word of encouragement at just the right time and make a difference in someone’s life today. 36. A. even 37. A. reminded 38. A. or 39. A. urged 40. A. created 41. A. embarrassed 42. A. writing 43. A. meant 44. A. read 45. A. reviewed 46. A. application 47. A. transparent 48. A. eye 49. A. interrupted 50. A. unless 51. A. up 52. A. fail 53. A. encouragement 54. A. dreams 55. A. peak B. never B. entertained B. and B. forced B. taken B. confused B. teaching B. indicated B. set B. skipped B. evaluation B. shallow B. mind B. joked B. if B. apart B. follow B. determination B. fears B. low C. already C. accompanied C. for C. taught C. considered C. annoyed C. studying C. suggested C. graded C. took C. instruction C. superior C. heart C. admitted C. because C. along C. depart C. tendency C. regrets C. due D. also D. chosen D. but D. persuaded D. examined D. frightened D. compiling D. revealed D. composed D. presented D. qualification D. ambitious D. focus D. apologized D. so D. off D. compete D. attempt D. mistakes D. new
第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
请认真阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。
56. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. The voyage through the wormhole is a considerable challenge. B. A team of crime-fighters uncovers a criminal plot in Big Hero. C. President Coin pushes Katniss to protest Peeta. D. Penguins have to wrestle with problems in District 13. 57. The similarity that exists in the four films is that ________.
A. each of them is a branch of film series B. all of them are concerned with positive energy C. they all have the best actors and actresses in the world D. the four films all have something to do with exploration
According to figures released by the Office for National Statistics (ONS), the U.K. has about 7.7 million families with dependent children, of which 3.7 million have just one child, compared to 3 million with two and 1.1 million with three children or more. The number of families today with just one dependent child is now 47 percent and will likely rise to more than 50 percent in a decade. As the ONS confirms, “It appears that families are getting smaller.” One obvious reason for this could be that women are putting off having children until they have established careers when they are bound to be less fertile. But it could just as well be a matter of choice. Parents must consider the rising cost of living, combined with economic uncertainty and an increasingly difficult job market. And this trend may continue growing as having an only child becomes more normal, which seems to be the mood on the mothers’ online forum Mumsnet, where one member announced that she “just wanted to start a positive thread about how fab it is to have an only child”. She had received 231 replies, overwhelmingly in the same upbeat spirit. Parents of only children insist there are plenty of benefits. Nicola Kelly, a writer and lecturer who grew up as an only child and is now a married mother of one, says her 15-year-old son seems more grown-up in many ways than his contemporaries. Not all products of single-child families are as keen to repeat the experience. In a moving recent account journalist Janice Turner wrote about her own keenness to “squeeze out two sons just 22 months apart” as a reaction to her only-child upbringing. She was placed on a pedestal by her doting parents, whom she punished with a “brattish, wilful” rejection of everything they stood for. Desperate for a close friend she was repeatedly shattered by rejection and refers to her childhood as being “misery”. Writer and clinician Dr. Dorothy Rowe, a member of the British Psychological Society, says that we all interpret events in our o wn individual way and there are some children who no matter what their circumstances feel slighted, while other children see the advantages of their situation. However, the one part of life that is unlikely to get any easier for only children is when they grow up and find themselves looking after their own parents as they become older. 58. The passage is written w ith the purpose of ________. A. illustrating the strength and weakness of having an only child B. analyzing the reasons why having an only child becomes popular C. presenting us with different opinions about having an only child D. guiding people to look at the same issue from different perspectives 59. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 4 mean? A. Nearly half of families intend to have just one child. B. All people don’t stand for the idea of having an only child. C. Some people fail to recognize the advantage of having an only child. D. People brought up in an only child family resist downsizing the family. 60. From what Dr. Dorothy Rowe said, we know that ________. A. journalist Janice Turner experienced a miserable childhood
B. she has a positive attitude towards Janice Turner’s reaction C. it’s necessary for us to look at the event from our own angle D. some are unable to make an objective assessment of their conditions 61. What can be inferred from the passage? A. It’s normal to see the imperfection in character in only children. B. Mumsnet is an online forum which promotes having an only child. C. Economic development plays a determining role in the family size. D. Only children will have difficulty in attending to their parents.
Exercise seems to be good for the human brain, with many recent studies suggesting that regular exercise improves memory and thinking skills. But an interesting new study asks whether the apparent cognitive benefits from exercise are real or just a placebo effect — that is, if we think we will be “smarter” after exercise, do our brains respond accordingly? The answer has significant implications for any of us hoping to use exercise to keep our minds sharp throughout our lives. While many studies suggest that exercise may have cognitive benefits, recently some scientists have begun to question whether the apparently beneficial effects of exercise on thinking might be a placebo effect. So researchers at Florida State University in Tallahassee and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign decided to focus on expectations, on what people anticipate that exercise will do for thinking. If people’s expectations jibe (吻合) closely with the actual benefits, then at least some of those improvements are probably a result of the placebo effect and not of exercise.
For the new study, which was published last month in PLOS One, the researchers recruited 171 people through an online survey system, they asked half of these volunteers to estimate by how much a stretching and toning regimens (拉伸运动) performed three times a week might improve various measures of thinking. The other volunteers were asked the same questions, but about a regular walking program. In actual experiments, stretching and toning program generally have little if any impact on people’s cognitive skills. Walking, on the other hand, seems to substantially improve thinking ability. But the survey respondents believed the opposite, estimating that the stretching and toning program would be more beneficial for the mind than walking. The estimates of benefits from walking were lower. These data, while they do not involve any actual exercise, are good news for people who do exercise. “The results from our study suggest that the benefits of aerobic exercise are not a placebo effect,” said Cary Stothart, a graduate student in cognitive psychology at Florida State University, who led the study. If expectations had been driving the improvements in cognition seen in studies after exercise, Mr. Stothart said, then people should have expected walking to be more beneficial for thinking than stretching. They didn’t, implying that the changes in the brain and thinking after exercise are physiologically genuine. The findings are strong enough to suggest that exercise really does change the brain and may, in the process, improve thinking, Mr. Stothart said. That conclusion should encourage scientists to look even more closely into how, at a molecular level, exercise remodels the human brain, he said. It also should encourage the rest of us to move, since the benefits are, it seems, not imaginary, even if they are in our head. 62. Which of the following about the placebo effect is TRUE according to the passage? A. It occurs during exercise. C. It is just a mental reaction. A. To discover the placebo effect in the exercise.
B. It has cognitive benefits. D. It is a physiological response.
63. Why did the researchers at the two universities conduct the research?
B. To prove the previous studies have a big drawback. C. To test whether exercise can really improve cognition. D. To encourage more scientists to get involved in the research. 64. What can we know about the research Cary Stothart and his team carried out? A. They employed 171 people to take part in the actual exercise. B. The result of the research removed the recent doubt of some scientists. C. The participants thought walking had a greater impact on thinking ability. D. Their conclusion drives scientists to do research on the placebo effect. 65. What might be the best title for the passage? A. Is it necessary for us to take exercise? C. What makes us smarter during exercise? B. How should people exercise properly? D. Does exercise really make us smarter?
Mum, it’s me. Hopefully, this Mothering Sunday you will get to hear those three words. I will, of course, try to phone you. I hope we will be able to speak for the allowed 10 minutes. But I suspect many inmates will be using the phone, so if I don’t call and if we don’t speak, then this is what I would have sai d: It’s not your fault that I am here. I know that deep in your heart you have questioned whether my current circumstance is somehow your fault, if the reckless stupidity of my past is somehow a failure on your part. It is not. Only one person is to blame, only one person should hurt — me. You have always taught me that when the room goes dark, you can wait for the lights to be switched back on or you can search in the dark and turn the light on yourself. You are my light. You always have been and always will be. There is nobody I admire more, nobody I have strived harder to please in my life, which is why my current failure hurts me so much. I am so sorry that I will not be there to see you, but I want you to know that now, as always, you are here with me. In my darkest hours, and in the coldest loneliness of my past few months, my mind has so often wandered to the past, to when it was you and me — and I have been able to smile. Yours is the strength that I draw upon. A parent’s job is to make sure that they pass on the best of themselves to their children. You have done that. It is the inner you in me that will get me through this. I have failed you so epically, but you have never failed me. If I think back to the tears I shed when Dad left, all those years ago, I see you through their misty glaze. You holding me and you telling me we’d be OK, and we will be. We are and always will be the best team. Childhood heroes such as footballers, actors and rock stars are cliché d. If the job’s done right, a child’s heroes should be their parents — you are mine. The strength you showed after the divorce from Dad to find your biological parents, to go to university and get your teaching qualifications, to begin your life again, is the strength that I draw on now. It is the belief in myself, it is the belief you have in me, that tells me that once I am released I can and will rebuild my life. I will make you proud again. I will make you happy to have me as your son. Yours is the will that gets me through every day. I don’t believe you can judge a person for the mistakes they make, as we all make them, but you can judge them for what they do afterwards. And after this, when it is all over, you will still have a son with the same hopes and dreams. They have not diminished. If you can dream it, then you have to believe it can
happen — right? So this Mothering Sunday, please think back to that morning in the 80s, the first Mother’s Day without Dad, when a six-year-old me got up early and made breakfast for you. Do you remember it? Could you ever forget? A slice of bread a doorstep thick and a wedge of cheese equally dense. You didn’t have to eat it, but you did, chewing every dry mouthful. I know now why you forced yourself — because it had been made with love. Well, things don’t change this year — this letter is that bread and cheese (it sure has plenty of the cheese!). I love you so much. I am sorry I have let you down, but you have taught me that we will always pick ourselves up and become better than we were before. Thank you for everything and this year , more than ever: Happy Mothering Sunday. Love, your son 66. According to the passage, what made the author most upset at present? A. Losing his freedom temporarily. B. Being unable to phone his mother. C. Failing to live up to his mother’s expectations. D. Having no chance to spend the weekend with mother. 67. What does the underlined word “this” in Paragraph 4 refer to? A. Mothering Sunday. B. Dark time. C. His mistake. D. Near future. 68. What did the author do in the loneliness of his past months？ A. He summed up the causes of the failure in his life. B. He planned to help his mother find her birth parents. C. He recalled the fond memories of being with his mother. D. He prepared himself to go to university for further studies. 69. Which of the following is closest in meaning to the underlined word “clichéd” in Paragraph 6? A. Ridiculous. A. Selfless but stubborn. C. Selfish but responsible. B. Liberal. C. Explicit. D. Common. 70. Which of the following can best describe the author’s mother? B. Guilty but determined. D. Caring but envious.
第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分)
请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填 1 个单词。 Simon Sinek is naturally shy and doesn’t like speaking to crowds. At parties, he says he hides alone in the corner or doesn’t even show up in the first place. He prefers the latter. Yet, with some 22 million video views under his belt, the optimistic ethnographer also happens to be the third most-watched TED Talks presenter of all time. Sinek’s unlikely success as both an inspirational speaker and a bestselling author isn’t just dumb luck. It’s the result of fears faced and erased, trial and error and tireless practice, on and off stage. Here are his secrets for delivering speeches that inspire, inform and entertain. Don’t talk right away. Sinek says you should never talk as you walk out on stage. “A lot of people start talking right away, and it’s out of nerves,” Sinek says. “That communicates a little bit of insecurity and fear.” Instead, quietly walk out on stage. Then take a deep breath, find your place, wait a few seconds and begin. “I know it sounds long and tedious and it feels excruciatingly awkward when you do it,” Sinek says,
“but it shows the audience you’re totally confident and in charge of the situation.” Show up to give, not to take. Often people give presentations to sell products or ideas, to get people to follow them on social media, buy their books or even just to like them. Sinek calls these kinds of speakers “takers,” and he says audiences can see through these people right away. And, when they do, they disengage. “We are highly social animals,” says Sinek. “Even at a distance on stage, we can tell if you’re a giver or a taker, and people are more likely to trust a giver — a speaker that gives them value, that teaches them something new, that inspires them — than a taker.” Speak unusually slowly. When you get nervous, it’s not just your heart beat that quickens. Your words also tend to speed up. Luckily Sinek says audiences are more patient and forgiving than we know. “They want you to succeed up there, but the more you rush, the more you turn them off,” he says. “If you just go quiet for a moment an d take a long, deep breath, they’ll wait for you. It’s kind of amazing.” Turn nervousness into excitement. Sinek learned this trick from watching the Olympics. A few years ago he noticed that reporters interviewing Olympic athletes before and after competing were all asking the same question. “Were you nervous?” And all of the athletes gave the same answer: “No, I was excited.” These competitors were taking the body’s signs of nervousness — clammy hands, pounding heart and tense nerves — and reinterpreting them as side effects of excitement and exhilaration. When you’re up on stage you will likely go through the same thing. That’s when Sinek says you should say to yourself out loud, “I’m not nervous, I’m excited!” Say thank you when you’re done. Applause is a gift, and when you receive a gift, it’s only right to express how grateful you are for it. This is why Sinek always closes out his presentations with these two simple yet powerful words: thank you. “They gave you their time, and they’re giving you their applause.” Says Sinek. “That’s a gift, and you have to be grateful.” Passage outline (71) ▲ to Simon Sinek
●He is by (72) ●Through his
shy and dislikes making speeches in public. ▲ effort, he enjoys great success in giving
Tips on delivering speeches
speeches. ●Avoid talking (74) ▲ for it indicates you’re nervous. ●Keep calm and wait a few seconds before talking, which will create an (75) ▲ that you are confident. ●Try to be a giver rather than a taker because in (76) ▲ with a taker, a giver can get more popular and accepted. ●Teach audience something new that they can (77) ▲ from.
●Speak a bit slowly just to help you stay calm. ●Never speed up while speaking in case you (78) ●Switch nervousness to excitement by (79)
the audience. the example of
●Express your (80)
第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分）
▲ to conclude your speech.
to the audience for their time and applause
81. 请阅读下面短文,并按照要求用英语写一篇 150 词左右的文章。 Cleanliness is important to academic success at one Chinese university where compulsory labor is part of
a program designed to award class credits while teaching students with proper moral values. During winter, the sky is still dark at 6:30 a.m. when the first-year students in Trade and Management College in Zhengzhou begin sweeping the 165-acre campus and it can take up to an hour. Mr. Sun, the university official, said labor is good for building character and promotes “the spirit of hard work.” Some students also claim that they are always proud of the clean campus. They never litter because they’ve been through the labor and understand that they should respect the fruits of labor of others. Some students, however, are against it because they feel the demands of the cleaning program are a distraction. Some often show up late and hungry to their morning classes after rushing to sweep the campus and clean their rooms. 【写作内容】 1. 用约 30 个单词写出上文概要； 2. 用约 120 个单词发表你的观点，内容包括： (1) 支持或反对这个学校的做法； (2) 用 2-3 个理由或论据支撑你的观点。 【写作要求】 1. 可以支持文中任一观点，但必须提供理由或论据； 2. 阐述观点或提供论据时，不能直接引用原文语句； 3. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 4. 不必写标题。 【评分标准】 内容完整，语言规范，语篇连贯，词数适当。
南京市、盐城市 2015 届高三年级第一次模拟考试
第一部分 听力理解（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 1-5 ABACB 6-10 CBABC 11-15 BBAAC 16-20 ABACA
第二部分 英语知识运用（共 35 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 35 分） 21-25 CCDBC 36-40 CDDAC 26-30 BCBAD 41-45 BBACD 31-35 ADCDB 46-50 BACCD 51-55 DAABC
第三部分 阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 56-57 AB 58-61 CBDD 62-65 CCBD 66-70 CBCDB
第四部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 71. Introduction 75. impression copying 80. gratitude / thanks / appreciation 第五部分 书面表达（满分 25 分） 81. 支持： One university in Zhengzhou designs a program where students must clean the campus every day and relates it to class credits. Some people support the program while others do not. (30) Generally, I am in favor of the practice. To begin with, through their effort, students provide a clean and comfortable environment, which, as a result, is an assurance of their successful academic life. Moreover, cleaning and labor can not only serve to build students’ character but also contribute positively to students developing healthy routines and good sanitation habits. Last but not least, by enjoying the fruits of others’ labor, students will develop the awareness of gratitude and regard labor as a matter of honor. In short, carrying out the cleaning program is crucial. The significance for students of participating in it means more than academic success. It is part of moral education and benefits students as well as the campus. (120) 反对： It is required by one university in Zhengzhou that students should clean the campus every morning to achieve class credits. Opinions on the practice vary widely from person to person. (30) I am strongly opposed to the practice for the following reasons. First of all, cleaning tends to take up too much time, which becomes a distraction for students and discourages them from focusing on their academic performances. Then, students can be encouraged to maintain clean living areas but it’s unreasonable to relate the cleaning with the academic credits. As students, they should put more efforts into their studies to achieve class credits instead of sweeping the campus. Furthermore, though someone claims labor can contribute to developing the spirit of hard work, it should by no means be achieved through daily
73. constant / tireless / continuous
74. immediately / instantly 79. following /
76. comparison / contrast
77. benefit / learn 78. bore / disgust
floor-sweeping. In conclusion, there is no sense in students sweeping the campus, for it benefits neither their character nor study. (120)
一、评分原则 1． 本题总分为 25 分，按 5 个档次给分。 2． 评分时，可先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次，然后以该档次的要求来衡量、确定 或调整档次，最后给分。 3． 概要部分少于 20 词或多于 40 词；全文少于 130 词或多于 180 词的，从总分中酌情减去 1-2 分。 4． 评分时，应注意的主要内容为：内容要点、运用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的连 贯性及语言的得体性。 5． 拼写和标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面，评分时，应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英美 拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6． 如字迹难以辨认，以致影响表达，将分数降低一个档次。 二、评分要点 1. 概要； 2. 自己的观点（支持或反对） ； 3. 用 2-3 个理由或论据支撑观点。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 第五档 ? 覆盖所有内容要点。 ? 语法结构和词汇有个别小错误，但为尽量使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇 所致；具备较强的语言运用能力。 （很好） ? 有效地使用了衔接手段，全文结构紧凑，内容连贯。 （21—25 分） 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 完成了试题规定的任务。 第四档 ? 虽漏掉一、二个次重点，但覆盖所有主要内容。 ? 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ? 语法结构和词汇方面应用基本准确，少许错误主要是因为尝试较复杂语 （好） 法结构或词汇所致。 （16—20 分） ? 应用简单的语句间的衔接手段，全文结构紧凑，内容较连贯。 达到了预期的写作目的。 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 第三档 ? 虽漏掉一些内容，但基本覆盖主要内容。 ? 应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 ? 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，但不影响理解。 （中等） ? 应用简单的衔接手段，内容基本连贯。 （11—15 分） 整体而言，基本达到了预期的写作目的。 未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 第二档 ? 漏掉或未清楚描述某些主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 ? 语法结构单一，所用词汇有限。 ? 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响了对所写内容的理解。 （较差） ? 较少使用衔接手段，内容缺少连贯性。 （6—10 分） 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 未完成试题规定的任务。 第一档
（差） （1—5 分）
? 明显遗漏主要内容，写了一些无关内容。 ? 语法结构单一，所用词汇不当。 ? 有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误，影响内容理解。 ? 缺乏语句间的衔接手段，内容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 未能传达给读者任何信息：内容太少，无法评判；所写内容均与试题要求内容无 关或无法看清。
Text 1 M: Do you have to leave already? It’s only nine o’clock. W: I’m sorry, but I must. My parents are expecting me.
Text 2 M: I thought the party was a great success. W: Really? But there was not enough food, and the room was too hot.
Text 3 M: I can come to your house and pick you up in half an hour. Is that all right? W: Good. That means you’ll be here at eight-thirty.
Text 4 W: Oh, my god! Jack? It’s you. M: Ruth, my girl! How is it you? I can’t believe my eyes. W: Oh, the God is able to work miracles. Everything is possible. Am I dreaming? M: Darling, I’m looking for you these years with no news.
Text 5 W: Bob. Shall we dine out somewhere? M: I’d love to, but I’m broke. W: Never mind. I’ll treat you to dinner. M: Thank you.
Text 6 M: Hello, Vicky, how are you? W: Fine, thanks, how are you? M: Pretty well, thank you. Are you a student? W: Yes. I’m studying at Dalian University of Foreign Languages. M: Oh, good. What experience have you got? W: I once worked as a waitress in a bar.
M: Have you ever worked as a secretary? W: No, but I think I can learn quickly. M: Well, your English is good. I have noticed that. But my secretary must have knowledge in foreign trade. So I have to say I can’t offer you the job. W: That’s all right. I can try other places. Goodbye. M: Bye.
Text 7 W: Can I help you, sir? M: I’d like to check out. W: Your name and room number, please? M: Mike, Room 730. W: Just a minute, please. 260 yuan. Please check if the amount is correct. M: Let me see. That’s correct. W: Would you like to pay by cash or credit card? M: By credit card. Here you are. W: One moment, please. Please sign here. Here is your original cr edit card bill and receipt. M: Thanks a lot. W: With pleasure. I hope to see you soon again.
Text 8 M: Honey, I’m planning to visit Steve and his wife this weekend. They just finished his research and came back from China last week. Would you like to come with me? W: Oh, really? We haven’t seen them for nearly one year. Let me check my schedule first. That’s OK with me. I’ll accompany you. M: Fantastic! W: Are there any other guests there? Is it casual or formal? What should I wear? M: Just some close friends. It’s just a casual get-together. Formal dress is not necessary. W: Do you think we should bring some gifts to them? M: This is just what I’m thinking. Steve loves whisky very much, so I want to buy a bottle of Scottish whisky fo r him. What do you think? W: That’s a good idea. And that’s for Steve’s wife, Amanda. I remember she loves roses. Therefore, I can bring a bunch of roses for her. But how about the kids? M: I don’t want to take them to Steve’s home. They’re too naughty. And Steve doesn’t like to make too much noise. W: Don’t worry, I’ll ask a favor of our neighbor to look after our kids for us. One more thing, darling, do we stay for dinner? M: No, I’m afraid we don’t have enough time. I have a lot of work to do.
Text 9 W: Sir, you’ve been using the Online Catalogue for quite a while. Is there anything I can help you find?
M: I’ve got to write a paper about Hollywood in the 30s and 40s, and I’m really struggling. There are hundreds of books, and I just don’t know where to begin. W: Your topic sounds pretty big. Why don’t you narrow it down to something like … Uh … the history of the studios during that time? M: You know, I was thinking about doing that, but more than 30 books came up when I typed in “movie studios”. W: You could cut that down even further by listing the specific years you want. Try adding “1930s” or “1940s” or maybe “Golden Age”. M: “Golden Age” is a good idea. Let me type that in…Hey, look, just 6 books came up that time. That’s a lot better. W: Oh… another thing you might consider… have you tried looking for any magazine or newspaper articles? M: No, I’ve only been searching for books. W: Well, you can look up magazine articles in the “Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature”. And we do subscribe to “The Los Angeles Times”. You might go through their index to see if there’s anything you want. M: Okay. I think I’ll get started with these books and then I’ll go over the magazines. W: If you need any help, I’ll be over at the Reference Desk. M: Great, thank you. Text 10 Nelson decided to take his kids to the park last Saturday. After they got there, everything was fine until they were driving through the area where the elephants were, and they stopped for a moment to take some photos. His little boy opened the window to give an elephant a sandwich. This huge elephant came to them and suddenly put his nose through the window. And when Nelson tried to close the window, it got worse because the elephant’s nose got trapped. The elephant was so frightened that it started hitting the car. Luckily one guard saw what was going on and rescued them. They were pretty shocked, and two of the windows of their car were broken. The guards gave the kids some juice and their mum and dad a glass of beer to calm them down. Then they set off home, but when they were about halfway back, they saw an accident had happened on the freeway. There were two police cars, and of course Nelson stopped, as he’s a doctor, to see if he could help. But when the policemen saw Nelson’s car, they were a bit surprised and asked him what happened to it, so he told them all about the elephant. They were just confused about the elephant and thought he must have been drunk. So they asked him to take a breath test. And of course because of that huge glass of beer at the park, now he’s going to face a punishment.