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高三英语(秋上)


高三秋季课程 (上)

高三秋季课程(上)

一、课程说明
课程介绍 为了达成第一轮复习的课程目标,为第二轮复习打好基础。理顺英语考点和重点难点,规划应 对策略;根据课程目标、考试要求和学生实际,整体把握复习的主干知识、核心内容和知识网络, 准确确定复习的重点、难点和要点。 避免在没有指导方针和词汇语法积累的情况下,盲目地着手专题

或者真题练习,通过理顺常用 词汇和语法框架,让学生做到心中有数,做题有针对性、条理性。 把握基础,依据教学大纲和考试说明,参考教材重点词汇、短语和句型,进行相应的延伸和拓 展,不盲目追求高难度,把握基础分。 课程亮点 本课程对常错和常忽略的地方予以引导,积累纠错经验,从而做到有的放矢、有章可循。突出 实际运用英语的能力,侧重基础知识的过关、阅读能力的考查、语篇理解的能力以及推理、逻辑等 思维能力的培养。在高考英语阅读理解能力方面多做引导,尤其是贴近近几年高考的趋势,重点提 高用英语解决实际问题的能力。 课程编写体例与课程定制 编写体例:本课程适合英语高三上学习者预习、复习使用,每一专题的学习任务分三部分:知识梳 理、课堂精讲例题、课后自我检测。每一部分都是对第一课堂的查漏补缺,习题设置的针对性强。 课程定制:共八个专题,16 个课时完成,计划每课时用时 60 分钟。

二、课程内容
教学内容 第一讲 必修一复习 第二讲 必修二复习 第三讲 必修一和必修二整合 第四讲 必修三复习 第五讲 必修四复习 第六讲 必修三和必修四整合 第七讲 必修五复习 第八讲 必修六复习 建议课时 2 小时 2 小时 2 小时 2 小时 2 小时 2 小时 2 小时 2 小时

高三秋季课程 (上)


第一讲



必修一复习 ........................................................................................................................... 3

一、知识梳理 ......................................................................................................................................... 3 二、课堂精讲例题 ................................................................................................................................. 5 三、课后自我检测 ............................................................................................................................... 17 第二讲 必修二复习 ......................................................................................................................... 27

一、知识梳理 ....................................................................................................................................... 27 二、课堂精讲例题 ............................................................................................................................... 29 三、课后自我检测 ............................................................................................................................... 39 第三讲 必修一和必修二整合 ......................................................................................................... 51

一、知识梳理 ....................................................................................................................................... 51 二、课堂精讲例题 ............................................................................................................................... 53 三、课后自我检测 ............................................................................................................................... 60 第四讲 必修三复习 ......................................................................................................................... 71

一、知识梳理 ....................................................................................................................................... 71 二、课堂精讲例题 ............................................................................................................................... 75 三、课后自我检测 ............................................................................................................................... 85 第五讲 必修四复习 ......................................................................................................................... 96

一、知识梳理 ....................................................................................................................................... 96 二、课堂精讲例题 ............................................................................................................................... 98 三、课后自我检测 ............................................................................................................................. 110 第六讲 必修三和必修四整合 ....................................................................................................... 120

一、知识梳理 ..................................................................................................................................... 120 二、课堂精讲例题 ............................................................................................................................. 123 三、课后自我检测 ............................................................................................................................. 132 第七讲 必修五复习 ....................................................................................................................... 143

一、知识梳理 ..................................................................................................................................... 143 二、课堂精讲例题 ............................................................................................................................. 149 三、课后自我检测 ............................................................................................................................. 157 第八讲 必修六复习 ....................................................................................................................... 168

一、知识梳理 ..................................................................................................................................... 168 二、课堂精讲例题 ............................................................................................................................. 170 三、课后自我检测 ............................................................................................................................. 180
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高三秋季课程 (上)

第一讲
一、知识梳理

必修一复习

1. 词汇短语归纳 1)重点单词
ignore 不理睬,忽视 suffer 遭受;忍受;经历 pack 捆扎;包装;小包 recognize 辨认出;承认; prefer 更喜欢;选择某事物 attitude 态度;看法 burst 爆裂;爆发 injure 损害;伤害 shock 震惊;休克;打击 bury 埋葬;掩埋 active 积极地;活跃的 attack 袭击 escape 逃脱 boring 令人厌烦的 exciting 使人兴奋地 train 火车 amazing 令人吃惊的 disabled 残疾的;无能的 settle 解决; disagree 不同意 request 要求 burst 爆发 equal 平等的 contribute 贡献 useless 无用的 insist 坚持 calm 平静;镇定;平静的;镇定的 recover 痊愈;恢复;重新获得 actually 实际上;事实上 transport 运输;运送 persuade 说服;劝说 reliable 可靠地;可信赖的 ruin 废墟;毁灭 destroy 破坏;毁坏 trap 使陷入困境;困境 quality 质量;品质 vote 选举 reward 奖赏 opinion 主意 relaxing 使人放松的 volunteer 自愿者 land 着陆;陆地 event 事件 include 包含;包括 outdoors 户外 base 根据;基本 organize 组织 rescue 营救 beg 祈求 opportunity 机会 found 建立 company 公司

2) 重点短语
be concerned about 关心;挂念 go through 经历;经受 on purpose 故意 get along with 与……相处;进展 join in 参加;加入 make use of 利用;使用 be sentenced to 被判处…… go off (爆竹,铃)响 take up 占据 be filled with 充满 complain about 抱怨 come to 达到某种状态
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高三秋季课程 (上) play a part (in) 参与 ever since 从那以后 be fond of 喜爱 care about 关心;忧虑;挂念 give in 放弃 as usual 照常 a (great )number of 许多的;大量的 devote…to 献身;专心于 in trouble 在危险痛苦等环境中 turn to 求助于;致力于 come to power 当权;上台 set up 建立 be prepared for 为……做准备 meet challenges 迎接困难 come off it 别胡扯 set down 记下;放下;登记 be crazy about 对……疯狂 be based on 以……为基础 dream of/about doing sth 梦想 pull through 渡过难关 give up 放弃 take part in 参加 a bit of 一点儿 as well 也;还 carry on 继续 even if 即使 ought to 应该 burn down 烧毁 apply for 应用 manage to do sth 成功做…… suffer from 遭受;经受 be excited about 兴奋 be proud of 因……骄傲 get a point 得分 blow up 使充气;爆炸 in order to 为了 happen to do 恰巧 instead of 代替

2. 重点语法 1)时态语态
高考常考动词的时态语态 一般现在时与被动 一般过去时与被动 do / does did Will do Be going to do 一般将来时与被动 Be to do Be about to do Be doing Do / does 现在进行时与被动 过去进行时与被动 将来进行时与被动 现在完成时与被动 过去完成时与被动 现在完成进行时与被动 Be (am/ is / are) doing Was/ were doing Will be doing Be going to be doing Have/ has done Had done Had been doing Have/ has been done Had been done Be (am/ is/ are) being done Was/ were being done be (am/ is/ are) done be (was / were ) done Will be done Be going to be done be done

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高三秋季课程 (上)

2)定语从句
◆关系代词:that/ which/ who/ whom/ whose/ as ◆关系副词: when/ where/ why ◆限定性和非限定性定语从句 ◆只能用―that‖的情况 ◆不能用 ―that‖ 的情况

◆考点: (1) such/ so….as/ that… He is such a good boy as everyone likes. He is such a good boy that everyone likes him. (2) 介词+关系代词:介词+ whom/ which (3) as/which 区别: (4) as 习惯用语:as anybody can see; as is known; as we expected; as often happens; as has been said before; as is mentioned; as be known/ said/ reported/ announced; as (it) seems likely, as (it) often happens, as (it) was printed out, as (it) was said earlier, as I remember (it), as I understand (it), as (it) appears (4) 定语从句中数保持一致: Titanic is one of the most wonderful movies that have been produced in Hollywood. The Great Wall is the only one of the buildings on the earth that is seen from the moon. Tom isn‘t the only one of the boys that have passed the exam.

二、课堂精讲例题

1.三位一体(单词、短语、句型)
例题 1. the number of 【题目】 :The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :the number of 与 a number of 的用法区别,主谓一致 【解题思路】 :the number of ―数字、数量‖,是单数形式,谓语动词用单数;a number of ―很多、 好些‖,后跟复数名词,作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 【解析】 : a number of books―很多书‖, 是复数, 所以谓语动词用复数; the number of the students―学 生数量‖是单数,谓语动词用 was.
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高三秋季课程 (上) 【解法与答案】 :死伤人数达到 40 多万。 练习: 1. 许多学生已经游览过长城。 2. 申请参加户外远足的学生人数是 280。 答案: 1. A number of students have visited the Great Wall. 2. The number of the students who applied for the opportunity to take part in the hiking outdoors was 280. 例题 2. carry on doing sth. 【题目】 :It didn‘t seem possible, but we carried on eating. 【选题意图 (对应知识点) 】 : carry on doing sth. 继续做某事, carry on /with sth. 继续某事, carry on a conversation 进行谈话, carry on with one‘s work 继续某人的工作 【解题思路】 :carry on + Ving 【解法与答案】 :看起来不可能,但我们还是继续吃下去。 练习: 1. 我不在的时候,要继续工作。 2. 他们决定不管天气的好坏都继续进行。 答案: 1.Carrying on working while I‘m away. 2.They decided to carry on in spite of the weather. 例题 3. even if 【题目】 :Allow children the space to voice their opinions, even if they are different from our own. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :even if/though ―虽然、即使‖ 与 as if/though―好像、仿佛‖区别 【解题思路】 :even if/though ―虽然、即使‖引导让步状语从句; as if/though―好像、仿佛‖引导表语 从句或方式状语从句等 【解法与答案】 :即使孩子们的观点与我们的不同,也要给他们发表意见的机会。 练习: 1. 即使他能听懂你的话,他也不会听从你的建议。 2. 即使成绩得 A, 她找工作还会有困难。 3. 看上去他们好像是多年的老朋友。 4. 他说汉语流利得像一位中国人。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 答案: 1. Even if /though he can understand you, he won‘t follow your advice. 2. She‘s going to have problems finding a job even if/ though she gets her A level. 3. It looked as if /though they had been friends for many years. 4. He speaks Chinese as fluently as if/though he were a Chinese. 例题 4. manage to do sth. 【题目】 :She‘s lived a hard life but still manages to be cheerful and kind to others. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :manage to do sth. 与 try to do sth. 的区别 【解题思路】 :manage to do sth.是―设法(成功)做成了某事‖;try to do sth.是―尽力、试图、企 图做某事‖ 【解法与答案】 :她经历了艰难的生活,但是仍然做到开心而善良地对待他人。 练习: 1.我们设法及时赶到了机场。 2.你是怎样说服他的? 3.一个犯人从监狱逃走了。 4.她尽力在半小时内游过河。 5.他企图溜进教室,但是老师发现了。 答案: 1. We managed to get to the airport in time. 2. How did you manage to persuade him? 3. A prisoner managed to escape from the prison. 4. She tried to swim across the river in half an hour. 5. He tried to slip into the classroom but the teacher found it. 例题 5. amazing 【题目】 :The sisters‘ road to success has been amazing. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :amazing 与 amazed; moved 与 moving; interested 与 interesting; surprised 与 surprising; annoying 与 annoyed;boring 与 bored;confusing 与 confused;frightening 与 frightened; pleasing 与 pleased; amusing 与 amused; encouraging 与 encouraged; exhausting 与 exhausted; exciting 与 excited; disappointing 与 disappointed; satisfying 与 satisfied; puzzling 与 puzzled; tiring 与 tired
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高三秋季课程 (上) 【解题思路】 :英语中有很多与感觉有关的及物动词,其现在分词表示主动意义,即―令人有某 种感觉‖,现在分词与中心词构成逻辑上的主谓关系;其过去分词含有被动意味,即―人被引起 某种感觉‖。amazing adj. 主语是物、事情,―(事物本身的特点、性质)令人惊讶‖;amazed adj. 主语是人,―(人)感到惊讶‖ 【解法与答案】 :两姐妹的成功之路是令人惊叹的。 练习: 1.他的进步令人惊讶。 2.这个消息令人惊讶。 3.他在绘画方面有惊人的天赋。 4.我对他的进步很惊讶。 5.我听到这个惊奇的故事大吃一惊。 6.这个小男孩对历史这么了解, 真是令人惊讶。 答案: 1. The progress he made is amazing. 2. The news was amazing. 3. He has an amazing talent in drawing. 4. I am so amazed at his progress he made. 5. I was amazed to hear the amazing story. 6. It‘s amazing that the little boy has known so much about history. 例题 6. experience 【题目】 :Martin‘s first experience of racism was with a bus driver. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :experience n. U 经验 体验 C 经历 阅历 v.经历 体验 【解题思路】 :experience 的词性不同,含义和用法也不同 【解法与答案】 :Martin 的第一次关于种族主义的经历与意味公交车司机有关。 练习: 1.你教英语有多少年经验了? 2.我根据自己的经验知道这种工作有多么困难。 3.我们骑骆驼的旅行真是一次难忘的经历! 4.考试不过关对我来说还是第一次。 答案:
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高三秋季课程 (上) 1. How many years‘ experience do you have of teaching English? 2. I know from my own experience how difficult this kind of work can be. 3. Our journey by camel was quite an experience! 4. Failing an exam was a new experience for me. 例题 7. 【题目】 :It takes me less than fifteen minutes to wash, get changed, have breakfast, leave home, and get on a bus. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :get 【解题思路】 :get done 有两种含义,一表示被动, 二是表示某件事意想不到地、突然地或偶 然地发生。 此结构中的 get 具有与 be 相同的作用。 短语: get hurt 受伤 get drunk 醉了 get killed 送命 get lost 迷路 get separated 分离 get tired 累了 get bored 厌烦 get paid 被付款 get dressed 穿衣服 【解法与答案】 :不到 15 分钟我就完成洗漱、换衣、吃早餐、离家、上公交车。 练习: 1.我们搬家的时候,有些玻璃杯被打碎了。 2.你会很快习惯这儿的气候的。 3.他们打算春天结婚。 4.我的手指被门夹了。 答案: 1. Some glasses got broken when we were moving. 2. You‘ll soon get used to the climate here. 3. They plan to get married in spring. 4. My fingers got caught in the door. 例题 8. with + n./pron. + object complement 【题目】 :Mother asked her if/whether she was very hot with so many clothes on. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :with 的复合结构:with + n./pron. + object complement 【解题思路】 :with + n./pron. + object complement 中的宾补,可以是 to do,Ving, Ved, adj., adv., prep.+n. 来充当,常在句中做状语,表示谓语动作发生的伴随情况、时间、原因、方式 等 【解法与答案】 :妈妈问她穿这么多衣服是不是很热。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 练习: 1.年轻的母亲怀抱婴儿走下楼梯,这是多么美好的一幅画面啊! 2.Tim 不在,我们的空间会多一些。 3.灯亮着他很快就睡熟了。 4.她低着头坐着。 5.夏天我喜欢开着窗户睡觉。 6.下午没事干,我就去逛书店了。 答案: 1. The young mother came downstairs with her baby in her arms. What a lovely picture! 2. With Tim away, we will have more room. 3. He soon fell asleep with the light still burning. 4. She sat with her head bent. 5. I like to sleep with the windows open in summer. 6. In the afternoon, with nothing to do, I went on a round of the bookshops. 例题 9. only then 【题目】 :… only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :倒装句 一般句子结构是主语在前,动词在后,但在倒装句中,句 子结构是动词在前,主语在后。 【解题思路】 :以 only 引导副词状语或状语从句房子句首加强语气时,经常使用倒装句。 【解法与答案】 :……只有到这个时候,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。 练习: 1.昨天他父亲才把真相告诉他,这对他真是一个令人吃惊的消息。 2.他只有靠大声叫喊才能使河对岸的人们听到他的声音。 答案: 1. Only yesterday did his father tell him the truth, which was a big surprise. 2. Only by shouting was he able to make people on the other side of the river hear him. 例题 10. see 【题目】 :The last thirty years have seen the greatest number of laws stopping our rights and progress, until today, we have reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :see, find 等动词的主语, 可以是物。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 【解题思路】 :即―无灵主语‖,相当于汉语的修辞手法―拟人‖。运用恰当,语言会显得很生动。 英语书面表达中,无灵主语的使用是得分的亮点。 【解法与答案】 :过去 30 年来所出现的大量的法律剥夺我们的权利,阻挡我们的进步,一直到 今天,我们还处在几乎什么权利都没有的阶段。 练习: 1.这座老房子曾有过风光的日子。 2.国庆节里人们在大街上高兴地唱啊跳啊。 3.水往低处流。 4.清晨 Christie 坐在窗边织毛衣。 答案: 1. This old house has seen better days. 2. National Day saw people singing and dancing happily in the street. 3. The water finds its own level. 4. Morning found Christie knitting by the window.

2. 语法 1)简单句的五种基本句型 (A/B/C 十个题)
A. ① S + Vi. 练习: 1.你应当努力学习。 2.她昨天回家很晚。 3.那天早上我们谈了很多。 4.会议将持续两个小时。 5.在过去的十年里,我的家乡已经发生了巨大的变化。 6.这种事情全世界各地每天都在发生。 答案: 1.You should study hard. 2. She went home very late yesterday evening. 3.That morning we talked a great deal. 4.The meeting will last two hours. 5.Great changes have taken place in my home town in the past ten years. 6.Things of that sort are happening all over the world every day.
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高三秋季课程 (上) ② S + link V. + P. 常见的 link V.有 look, seem, appear, sound, feel, taste, smell, grow, get, fall ill/asleep, stand/sit still,become,turn 等 练习: 1.我的兄弟都是大学生。 2.冬季白天短,夜晚长。 3.布朗夫人看起来很健康。 4.十五岁他就成为有名的钢琴家了。 5.孩子们,请保持安静。 6.这本书是有关美国历史的书。 答案: 1.My brothers are all college students. 2.In winter, the days are short and the nights are long. 3. Mrs. Brown looks very healthy. 4.At the age of fifteen he became a famous pianist. 5. Children, keep quiet please. 6. This book is about the history of the United States. ③ S + Vt. + O. 练习: 1.昨晚我写了一封信。 2.今天下午我想同你谈谈。 3.这本书他读过多次了。 4.他们成功地完成了计划。 5.你们必须在两周内看完这些书。 6.那位先生能流利地说三种语言。 答案: 1.I wrote a letter last night. 2.I want to talk with you this afternoon. 3.He has read this book many times. 4.They have carried out the plan successfully. 5.You must finish reading these books in two weeks. 6.That gentlemen can speak three languages fluently. ④ S + Vt. + I.O. + D.O. 练习: 1. Johnson 先生去年教我们德语。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 2. 奶奶昨晚给我们讲了一个有趣的故事。 3. Mary 把钱包交给校长了。 4. 请把那本字典递给我好吗? 5. 他把车票给列车员看。 6. 这个学期我已经给父母写过三封信了。 答案: 1.Mr Johnson taught us German last year. 2.Grandma told me an interesting story last night. 3.Mary handed the wallet to the schoolmaster. 4.Would you please pass me the dictionary? 5.He showed the ticket to the conductor. 6.This term I have written three letters to my parents. ⑤ S + Vt. + O. + O.C. 练习: 1.我们叫她 Alice. 2.他的父母给他取名为 John. 3.我们大家都认为他是诚实的。 4.他们把门推开了。 5.他们把小偷释放了。 6.我们要使学校变得更美丽。 答案: 1.We call her Alice. 2.His parents named him John. 3.All of us considered him honest. 4.They pushed the door open. 5.They have set the thief free. 6.We will make our school more beautiful.

2)时态语态
例题一、 【题目】––– Did you see a girl in white pass by just now? ––– No, sir. I A. read a newspaper. B. had read C. would read D. was reading

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 本题考查时态的用法。让学生掌握该题型的解题思路与方法。 【解题思路】找准时间点,进行分析解题。

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高三秋季课程 (上) 【解法与答案】D

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)––– Ring me at six tomorrow morning, will you? ––– Why that early? I A. will be sleeping C. have slept (2)–What‘s the result of the football match? – Listen! The latest news about it _____. A. broadcast B. will broad cast C. is being broadcast B. overworked D. was overworking B. did C. was doing D. had done D. has been broadcast (3)Mr. Smith ____ these days. I think he should take a holiday before he burns out. A. has been overworking C. had overworked A. does . B. will sleep D. have been sleeping

(4)Cathy didn‘t go to the cinema with us last night, for she _____ her homework. (5)–I wonder if you could go with me to the supermarket. –Don‘t disturb me. I _____ my experiment report all the morning and haven‘t finished yet. A. write B. was writing C. have written D. have been writing

【参考答案】1-5 ACACD 例题二、 【题目】Even though Sara had practiced her speech repeatedly, she _____ its conclusion at the talk show. A. forgets B. has forgotten C. forgot D. had forgotten

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 本题考查时态的用法。让学生掌握该题型的解题思路与方法。 【解题思路】找准时间点,进行分析解题。 【解法与答案】C

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)The doctors _____ to operate on Sam because his parents had not given permission. A. would refuse A. am moving A. believes A. is working B. have refused B. will move B. believed B. works C. refuse C. have moved C. has believed C. will be working
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D. refused D. moved D. had believed D. worked

(2)I won‘t invite you to the house warming party until I ______ in. (3)John says he‘s 80‘s years old, but nobody _____ him. (4)We wll be losing money this year unless that new economic plan of yours _____ well.

高三秋季课程 (上) (5 The internet connection for the entire area _____ when there was a sudden power cut yesterday. A.lost B.was lost C.had lost D.had been lost

【参考答案】1-5 DCABB

3)定语从句
例题一、 【题目】In time we reached a stage _____ we had more young readers than old ones. A. where B. how C. who D. what

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 限定性定语从句的用法。让学生掌握该题型的解题思路与方法。 【解题思路】看从句是否缺少成分,决定关系代词和关系复习的用法。 【解法与答案】A

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)The part in the film _____ the man broke down the door made some of the audience give a cry. A. which A. when A. which A. as A. that; / B. who B. why B. where B. that B. as; him C. where C. that C. when C. / C. whom; him D. whom D. where D. as D. which D. as; /

(2)She remembered several occasions in the past _____ she had experienced a similar feeling. (3)The story took place in Europe in the days before autoomobiles _____ everyone used horses.

(4)Harry Potter is such an interesting book ____ all kids like to read. (5)He is such a lazy man ______ nobody wants to work with _____. 【参考答案】1-5 CACAD 例题二、 【题目】He suddenly fell ill, _____ prevented him from attending his friend‘s wedding. A. why B. what C. that D. which

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 非限定性定语从句的用法。让学生掌握该题型的解题思路与方法。 【解题思路】看从句是否缺少成分,决定关系代词和关系复习的用法。 【解法与答案】D

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1) We went to the West Lake yesterday, ___, not surprisingly, was crowded with visitors from all over the world.
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高三秋季课程 (上) A.where B.which C.that D.when really annoyed me. C. that happened in the United States. C. how C. that D. what D. where he had hardly seen in the thirty years C. who D. whom D. which

(2)My dog made a mess in the living room, A. who B. when

(3)Beijing took steps to limit the kinds of high-risk of borrowing money from the banks that can create the high price of housing, A. as (4)QQ, A. as B. that B. which

you can chat with your friends, makes communication easy.

(5)He spent much of the evening with Robert Green, since they had worked together at CBS. ? A. what B. that

【参考答案】1-5 BDADD 例题三、 【题目】There are altogether fifty-four students in our class, _____ is a newcomer from a faraway mountain village. A. the most diligent of who C. the most diligent of them B. but the most diligent of whom D. of whom the most diligent

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 非限定性定语从句的用法,介词+which/ whom。让学生掌握该题型 的解题思路与方法。 【解题思路】看从句是否缺少成分,决定关系代词和关系复习的用法。 【解法与答案】D

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)The topic, A. which we devoted a full discussion, is to be presented to our teacher at class. B. where C. to which D. for which

(2)Mike was a student at the university from 2003 to 2008, ______ he studied very hard and was made chairman of the Students‘ Union. A. during whose time C. at that time A. with which B. to which B. for which time D. during which time C. which D. in which to the south. B. the windows of it opened D. the windows of which opening

(3)The farmers use wood to build a house _______ to store grains all the year round. (4)They moved to England in 2007 and lived in a big house, A. the windows of which opened C. its window opened

(5)This article may shock some sensitive readers, _____ I offer my apologies in advance. A. from whom B. for whom C. to whom
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D. towards whom

高三秋季课程 (上) 【参考答案】1-5 CDDAC

3.阅读欣赏 (定语从句理解与感悟)
Chen Zijiang is a paper-cutting expert whom I interviewed for my article on Chinese Art. Paper-cutting is something that he learned to do from an early age. ―It is a Chinese folk art with a long history,‖ Mr Chen told me, ―Paper cuts of animals have been found in tombs which date back to the time of the Northern and Southern Dynasty!‖ He added that by the Southern Song Dynasty, paper-cutting had become an important part of everyday life. ―A young farmer who wanted a wife would look at a young woman’s paper-cutting skills before marrying her!‖ explained Mr Chen, laughing at the look of surprise on my face. Mr Chen went on to explain that there are three types of paper cuts which people still make today: paper cuts for decoration, for religious purposes and for design patterns. Paper cuts used for decoration are often seen on windows and gates. They are usually put up during holidays to bring good luck. They are also used on presents. A present for parents whose child has recently been born might show a paper cut of children, for example. Paper cuts which show the Chinese character for double happiness are often used to celebrate weddings. Paper cuts used for religious purposes are often found in temples. They are also used as offerings on special days and during festivals. The third kind of paper cuts are those used to make patterns on clothing. They are also sometimes used to decorate jewellery boxes. Dragons are very popular patterns for these designs. The interview was very useful as I got a lot of interesting information for my article. I was also ready to try our paper-cutting for myself. ―See you next week,‖ I said as I waved goodbye to Mr Chen. I was going to meet him again so that he could help me make my first paper cut!

三、课后自我检测

A 类题
1. 单项填空 ––– No, sir. I A. read a newspaper. B. had read C. would read her for several months. C. hadn‘t seen
th

1). ––– Did you see a girl in white pass by just now? D. was reading

2). ) ––– Have you seen your aunt lately? ––– Yes, in fact I saw her yesterday. I A. haven‘t seen B. didn‘t see D. don‘t see

3). ––– Let‘s throw a surprise party for mom‘s 50 birthday. ––– That‘s a good idea. We several of her friends.
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高三秋季课程 (上) A. invite A. hoped A. who 2.完型填空 I decided not to bring in home any other things with the words Made in China on a dark Monday, two days after last Christmas,though I still keep some in my house. At work my boss, Mr. White, points out that I am products,in spite of the obvious facts in daily life. ―Chinese impossible.‖ That is the the Chinese 10 9 , which I have been considering for months, since I have kept the American car with 11 again of the difficulty of avoiding China when I bought I got home and noticed the flee gift 8 are everywhere,‖ he says, ―You can‘t avoid those,no matter how hard you try, it is 6 myself if I think I have been 7 Chinese B. have invited B. hoping B. when C. are inviting C. to hope really annoyed me. C. that D. which D. will invite D. hope

4). They made a great effort to prepare the exhibition, 5). My dog made a mess in the living room,

to achieve a big success.

in it.This week I was

earrings from a local artist.I was feeling pleased with myself 12 box made in China. My boss continues, ―You know what you are doing? You are 14 it,‖he says,―You are just cheating yourself.‖ The boss, a frequent complainer, doesn‘t slow down when I writing a 17

13

your dependence on China, not

15

to stop him to

16

that I am

of stories on the Boycott for the business magazine. 18 it year without Chinese products, 19 sooner or later you will even 20

―Maybe you can

Chinese dishes, ‖ the nice boss says, ―There is no getting around it.‖ I 21 at him as he turns to leave, quite 22 . 23 24 . 25 ,it is a little inconvenient to live

―Thanks for your support,‖ I say to his The year is nearly half over.I can

without them.

without a DVD player, a DV camera or a printer made in China.But a better question might be:How hard could it be to live without Made in China with the whole family ? 6. A. fooling 7. A. keeping 8. A. advertisements 9. A. story 10. A. parts 11. A. asked 12. A. as 13. A. delaying B. persuading B. accepting B. items B. plan B. engines B. reminded B. when B. losing
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C. beating C. avoiding C. materials C. suggestion C. wheels C. troubled C. since C. catching

D. enjoying D. refusing D. businesses D. point D. goods D. puzzled D. until D.1acking

高三秋季课程 (上) 14. A. escaping 15. A. mean 16. A. describe 17. A. copy 18.A. do 19. A. but 20. A. wash 21. A. laugh 22. A. annoyed 23. A. honor 24. A. work 25. A. Finally 3.阅读理解 Eight-year-old Jesse Arbogast was playing in the sea late one evening in July 2001 when a 7-foot bull shark attacked him and tore off his arm. Jesse‘s uncle jumped into the sea and dragged the boy to shore. The boy was not breathing. His aunt gave him mouth-to-mouth resuscitation(人工呼吸) while his uncle rang the emergency services. Pretty soon, a helicopter arrived and flew the boy to hospital. It was a much quicker journey than the journey by road. Jesse‘s uncle, Vance Folsenzier, ran back into the sea and found the shark that had attacked his nephew. He picked the shark up and threw it onto the beach. A coastguard shot the fish four times and although this did not kill it, the shark‘s jaws relaxed so that they could open them, and reach down into its stomach, and pull out the boys‘ arm. At the Baptist Hospital in Pensacola, Dr Ian Rogers spent eleven hours reattaching Jesse‘s arm. ―It was a complicated operation,‖ he said, ―but we were lucky. If the arm hadn‘t been recovered in time, we wouldn‘t have been able to do the operation at all. What I mean is that if they hadn‘t found the shark, we wouldn‘t have had a chance.‖ According to local park ranger Jack Tomosvic, shark attacks are not that common. ―Jesse was just unlucky,‖ he says, ―evening is the shark‘s feeding time. And Jesse was in an area without lifeguards. This would never have happened if he had been in an area where swimming is allowed.‖ When reporters asked Jesse‘s uncle how he had had the courage to fight a shark, he replied, ―I was mad and you do some strange things when you‘re mad.‖ 26. What was the boy doing when the accident happened? A. Feeding a hungry shark. B. Jumping into the rough sea. C. Dragging a boy to the shore. D. Swimming in a dangerous area. 27. In which way did the boy‘s uncle help with the operation? A. By finding his lost arm. C. By flying him to hospital. B. By making a phone call. D. By blowing into his mouth.
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B. obeying B. manage B. suggest B. book B. get B. or B. break B. glance B. surprised B. back B. rescue B. Honestly

C. objecting C. try C. declare C. set C. make C. and C. serve C. nod C. delighted C. kindness C. survive C. Generally

D. hating D. intend D. state D. series D. have D. for D. enjoy D. stare D. satisfied D. face D. stay D. Directly

高三秋季课程 (上) 28. How was his uncle in time of danger? A.Careful. 4.翻译练习 29)我们努力想让他平静下来, 但他还是激动地大喊大叫。 (calm down) ______________________________________________________________________________________ 30)李明在这里定居后,和邻居们相处得很好。 (settle; get along with) ______________________________________________________________________________________ 31) 记者问作家他作品中的人物是以谁为原型的。 (base) ______________________________________________________________________________________ 32) 我们有很多工作要做,所以要利用好时间。 (make use of) ______________________________________________________________________________________ 33) 博物馆要求参观的游客不得在馆内拍照。 (request) B. Brave. C. Optimistic. D. Patient.

________________________________________________________________
B 类题
1. 单项填空 1).––– Ring me at six tomorrow morning, will you? ––– Why that early? I A. will be sleeping C. have slept 2). ––– Peter, would you like a beer to go with your meal? ––– Sure, it A. ordered C. has been ordered A. Create ––– A. To ignore 5). QQ, A. as 2.完型填空 B. Created . B. was ordered D. has ordered C. Creating D. To create . B. will sleep D. have been sleeping

3). ______ colorful charts and graphs, he loaded a new software to help him. 4). –––How did he break his head while swimming? my warnings, he dived straight into the shallow water. B. Ignored B. which C. Ignoring C. that D. Being ignored D. where you can chat with your friends, makes communication easy.

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高三秋季课程 (上) One afternoon I toured an art museum while waiting for my husband to finish a business meeting. I was looking forward to a quiet A young with her 10 7 6 of the splendid artwork. 8 nonstop between themselves. I watched 9 for putting up viewing the paintings ahead of me 11

them a moment and decided the lady was doing all the talking. I admired the man‘s stream of words. by their noise, I moved on. 12 13 16 . 14 I met them several times as I moved continuous flow of words, I moved away the 15 . Before they left, the man 18 ―He‘s a 19

the various rooms of art. Each time I heard her when the couple approached 17 it

I was standing at the counter of the museum gift shop making a into a long stick and then

into his pocket and pulled out a white object. He

his way into the coatroom to get his wife‘s jacket.

man,‖ the clerk at the counter said. ―Most of us would give up if we were blinded at 20 there is a new art show.‖ 21 . He sees a lot. More than you and I do,‖ the clerk said. ―His wife 23 24 22

such a young age. During his recovery, he made a promise his life wouldn‘t change. So, as before, he and his wife come in ―But what does he get out of the art?‖ I asked. ―He can‘t see.‖ ―Can‘t see! You‘re each painting so he can see it in his head.‖ I learned something about patience, describing paintings to a person without their arms intertwined. 6. A. view 7. A. lady 8. A. yelled 9. A. attempt 10. A. constant 11. A. Adopted 12. A. from 13. A. anxiously 14. A. comment 15. A. exit 16. A. plugged 17. A. lengthened 18. A. led 19. A. generous 20. A. wherever 21. A. unique 22. A. decorates B. touch B. couple B. argued B. independence B. vivid B. Adapted B. to B. quickly B. purchase B. entrance B. reached B. made B. found B. rough B. whatever B. silly B. draws
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and love that day. I saw the patience of a young wife and the courage of a husband who would not 25

blindness to change his life. And I saw the love shared by two people as I watched this couple walk away,

C. wander C. man C. screamed C. patience C. casual C. Disturbed C. towards C. urgently C. decision C. front C. held C. brought C. tapped C. smart C. whenever C. equal C. shows

D. stare D. clerk D. chatted D. wisdom D. vague D. Conducted D. through D. sensibly D. profit D. queue D. bent D. broadened D. forced D. brave D. whichever D. wrong D. describes

高三秋季课程 (上) 23. A. kindness 24. A. sight 25. A. get 3.阅读理解 Before I started school, people felt that I was not going to be successful. At the age of four I started speech lessons because basically I could not speak well enough for anyone to understand me. The story goes downhill from here. The first grade was a struggle. I not only had difficulty speaking, but also felt nervous about the fact that I was expected to learn to read and I just couldn‘t do it. The second grade was not much better. I still struggled with the inability to read. It was in the third grade that the school district built a new school close to my home. I remember going there with my parents and helping to get the school ready so that we could move to the new one. However, things were still not much better as far as my schooling was concerned and did not get better for the next two years. It was in the fifth grade. Mrs. Wakefield was my teacher, and if ever there was a teacher that deserved a gold star, it was her. She did not make me feel defeated. On the contrary, she did her best to let me know that I could be whatever I wanted to be. And that is just what I did. For the past 22 years, I have been a fifth grade teacher. Because of Mrs. Wakefield‘s influence on my life, I am now encouraging students who have had difficulties in their lives to believe that they can overcome any difficulty and become someone. I have won numerous awards up to now, such as Teacher of the Year. I owe it all to one fifth grade teacher who believed in me and challenged me to be all that I could be. 26. The writer ______ when he was in the third grade. A. did better in reading C. went to a new school A. is a very successful teacher now B. thinks teaching is a challenging job C. has solved problems with his own effort D. works in the same school with Mrs. Wakefield 28. What is the writer‘s purpose in writing the passage? A. To express his devotion to his work. B. To show his respect to a special teacher. C. To share his teaching experience with us. D. To tell us his story of overcoming difficulties. 4.翻译练习 29)被困在煤矿里两天的矿工们最后得到了营救。 (mine; miner; rescue)
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B. pride B. support B. allow

C. courage C. expectation C. hope

D. enthusiasm D. confidence D. cause

B. began speech lessons D. received a high award

27. We can learn from the passage that the writer ______.

高三秋季课程 (上) ______________________________________________________________________________________ 30) 他拒绝谈起那场灾难带给他的痛苦。 (suffering; disaster) ______________________________________________________________________________________ 31)大火摧毁了离这儿四个街区的两个商店。 (destroy; block) ______________________________________________________________________________________ 32)如果你失败了,你也不该灰心。 (lose heart) ______________________________________________________________________________________ 33)John 要给捡到他的钱包的出租车司机 100 元作为酬谢。 (reward; wallet)

________________________________________________________________
C 类题
1. 单项填空 1). It is the only time in history that two Nobel Prizes A. have been given A. having taken C. taken 3). These interesting articles were written by Anna, who A. wrote A.which 5). The old temple A. where 2.完型填空 As a young man, Al was a skilled artist. He had a wife and two fine sons. One night, his oldest son developed a severe stomachache. Thinking it was only some nor his wife took the condition very seriously. But the boy Knowing the death could have been 10 two 8 7 6 intestinal(肠内的) disorder, neither Al suddenly that night. 9 . To make matters worse his wife B. would write B.that B. which 4). Wow! Look at the man and his horse B. had been given 2). More and more people shop on line, to the same person. C. have given advantage of low prices. B. taking D. having been taken for our magazine these years. C. is writing are running down the road. C.who C. its D where D. whose D. has been writing D. will give

roof was damaged in storm is now under repair.

if he had only realized the seriousness of the situation,

Al‘s emotional health became worse under the huge burden of his 11 13 were more than Al could handle, and he 15 12

him a short time later, leaving him alone with his six-year-old younger son. The hurt and pain of the to alcohol. In time Al became an alcoholic. 14 — his home, his land, his 16 . the alcoholism progressed, Al began to lose everything he

art objects, everything.

Al died alone in a San Francisco motel room.
23

When I heard of Al‘s death, I thought that Al‘s life was a complete

高三秋季课程 (上) As time went by, I began to re-evaluate my earlier judgment. I knew Al‘s now and saw the free somewhere. I hadn‘t heard Ernie talk much about his ―I‘m really 21 19 . One day I worked 22 20 my courage to ask him. by something,‖ I said. ―I know your father was 23 the only one to raise you. 24 as a child 18 17 son, Ernie. He

is one of the kindest, most caring, most loving men I have ever known. I watched Ernie with his children of love between them. I knew that kindness and caring had to come from

What on earth did he do that you became such a special person?‖ Ernie sat quietly and for a few moments. Then he said, ―From my earliest 25 until I left home at 18, Al came into my room every night, gave me a kiss and said, ?I love you, son.‘‖ Tears came to my eyes as I realized what a fool I had been to most giving men I have ever known. 6. A. certain 7. A. died 8. A. cured 9. A. disease 10. A. left 11. A. disasters 12. A. got 13. A. As 14. A. needed 15. A. Eventually 16. A. trouble 17. A. teen 18. A. will 19. A. mother 20. A. up 21. A. worried 22. A. especially 23. A. argued 24. A. thoughts 25. A. treat 3.阅读理解 Some years ago when I was in my first year in college, I heard Salome Bey sing for the first time. The moment was exciting. Salome‘s 36 filled the room and brought the theater to life. I was so 37 B. common B. choked B. prevented B. debt B. scolded B. adventures B. drank B. Though B. shared B. Gradually B. hardship B. adult B. fall B. brother B. with B. puzzled B. basically B. searched B. ideas B. call C. rare C. starved C. forbidden C. guilt C. quarreled C. conflicts C. turned C. Because C. benefited C. Therefore C. failure C. aged C. space C. father C. on C. interested C. merely C. analyzed C. minds C. judge D. basic D. worsened D. saved D. duty D. forgave D. situations D. sank D. If D. possessed D. Meanwhile D. waste D. adolescent D. flow D. child D. through D. attracted D. specially D. reflected D. memories D. feel Al as a failure. He had not left any material possessions behind. But he had been a kind loving father, and he left behind one of the finest,

that I decided to write an article about her.
24

高三秋季课程 (上) I 38 Salome Bey, telling her I was from Essence magazine, and that I wanted to meet her to talk 39 40 and told me to come to her studio next Tuesday. When I hung up, I was I was lying. I was not a writer at all and hadn‘t even written a grocery 41 , taking notes and asking questions that

about her career. She scared out of my mind. I list.

I interviewed Salome Bey the next Tuesday. I sat there all began with, ―Can you tell me…‖ I soon realized that story for a national magazine was just impossible. The days 44 a mailbox. It didn‘t take long. My manuscript envelope into a drawer. Five years later, I was moving to California. While Dear Ms Profit, Your story on Salome Bey is fantastic. Yet we need some return the article immediately. We would like to Shocked, it took me a long time to 52 51 48 45 42 43

Salome Bey was one thing, but writing a was almost unbearable. I struggled for

draft after draft. Finally I put my manuscript (手稿) into a large envelope and dropped it into . How stupid of me! I thought. How could I 47 46 in a

world of professional writers? Knowing I couldn‘t

the rejection letter, I threw the unopened my apartment, I came across the 49 :

unopened envelope. This time I opened it and read the editor‘s letter in 50

materials. Please add those and

your story soon. 53

. Fear of rejection cost me dearly. I lost at least five 54 , I learned a very important D. smile D. moved D. interviewed D. paused D. knew D. quietly D. urging D. pressure D. in D. improved D. compete D. receive D. leaving D. panic D. reliable D. assess D. concentrate

hundred dollars and having my article appear in a major magazine. More importantly, I lost years of writing. Today, I have become a full-time writer. Looking back on this lesson: You can‘t 36. A. joy 37. A. proud 38. A. visited 39. A. agreed 40. A. admitted 41. A. seriously 42. A. blaming 43. A. hardship 44. A. with 45. A. disappeared 46. A. compare 47. A. ignore 48. A. decorating 49. A. disbelief 50. A. subjective 51. A. broadcast 52. A. recover 55 to doubt yourself. B. voice B. active B. emailed B. refused B. discovered B. patiently B. fooling B. failure B. by B. returned B. struggle B. deliver B. repairing B. anxiety B. relevant B. create B. prepare
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C. speech C. satisfied C. phoned C. hesitated C. explained C. nervously C. inviting C. comment C. on C. spread C. survive C. face C. cleaning C. horror C. private C. publish C. escape

高三秋季课程 (上) 53. A. constant 54. A. experience 55. A. attempt 4.书面表达 假设你是红星中学高三.1 班的学生李华,为响应绿化祖国的号召,你班 4 月 12 日去郊区植树, 请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,介绍植树活动的全过程,给某英文杂志的―绿色行动‖专栏写一篇以 ―Green Action in Our Class‖为题的英文稿件。 注意:词数不少于 60 提示词:郊区 suburbs B. endless B. success B. afford C. typical C. benefit C. expect D. enjoyable D. accident D. pretend

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高三秋季课程 (上)

第二讲
一、知识梳理

必修二复习

1. 词汇短语归纳 1)单词:
likely. 有可能的 focus. 集中注意 flood. 洪水,水灾;淹没 reality. 真实,现实 affect. vt.影响 pessimistic. 悲观的,厌世的 offer. 提供;提议 disappear. 消失 harm. 伤害,损害 obvious. 明显的,显而易见的 reject. 拒绝,不接受 suggest. 提议,建议 pack. 收拾(行李),打包 dip. 浸 guide. 导游,向导;指南 settle. 定居 view. 景色,风景 average. 平均的 regular. 定期的,规则的 effect. n. 效果,作用 disappoint. 使失望 perform. 表演;做 award. 奖品 base. 基地,基础 audience. 听众,观众 impress. 使(人)印象深刻 combine. (使)联合,(使)结合 treasure. 财富,财宝 quit. 停止,辞职 identity. 身份;特性 transform. 转换,转化 responsible. 有责任的,应付责任的 valuable. 贵重的,有价值的 typical. 典型的 elegantly. 优美的 detail. 细节,详情 feature. 特征,特色 ruin. 毁坏,毁灭 purpose. 目的,意图 pattern. 式样,模式 character. 字,字体,性格,人物 happiness. 幸福,快乐 rent. 租金 bathe. 洗澡,洗浴 downtown. 在市区,往市区;市区的 conclusion. 结论;结束 imagination. 想象,想象力 youth. 青春;年轻人 curtain. 窗帘 permission. 允许,许可 ordinary. 平常的,普通的 talent. 天才,才干

2) 短语:
come true 实现 as if/though 仿佛,好像 hang on (电话用语)别挂断 get in touch 和??取得练习 as with 至于 pick up 捡起;顺便接某人 in between 在??之间 be filled with 充满着??
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高三秋季课程 (上) be up to 做,从事于 in the flesh 本人亲身 as well as 也,又 be known as 被认为是 be used to+n/doing 习惯于 be used to do sth 被用来做什么 used to do 过去常常 in other words 换句话说 at times 有时,不时 in other ways 在某些方面 back and forth 往返,来回 be responsible for 为??负责任 fix one‘s eyes on 注视,凝视 sort of 有几分的 play a role in 在??扮演重要角色 out of breath 上气不接下气 in detail 详细的 be determined to do sth 决定做?? cut off 切掉 look forward to 期盼,期望 consist of 由??组成 be impressed on 给??留下深刻印象 have an effect on sth 对??有影响 be located 坐落于,位于 take measures 采取措施 hold one‘s breath 屏住呼吸 try out 试用,实验 relate to 把??联系起来

2. 重点语法 1)状语从句
状语从句 时间状语从句 地点状语从句 原因状语从句 条件状语从句 让步状语从句 结果状语从句 目的状语从句 方式状语从句 比较状语从句 ◆考点: (1)在时间和条件状语从句中,如果主句用将来时,从句通常用一般现在时表示将来; (2)so that 既可以引导目的状语从句又可以引导结果状语从句。引导目的状语从句时,从句的谓语动 词通常和 can, may, should 等情态动词连用,而引导结果状元从句时,则不和情态动词连用; (3)because 不能和 so 连用;although/though 不能和 but 连用,但可与 yet 连用; (4)though, as (只用于倒装)倒装的可数名词是单数时,名词前面的不定冠词应省略; (5)状语从句的句子结构完整,若不完整就可能是定语从句。
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连词 after, before, as soon as, since, when, while, till, until, the moment (that),immediately, hardly…when, no sooner than, whenever, etc. Where, wherever, etc. because, as, since, for, now that, etc if, unless, as long as, on condition that, etc. as, though, although, no matter +疑问词,even if/though, however, whatever, etc. that, so that, so…that…, such…that…, etc. that, so that, in order that, in case (of), etc. as,just as, as if, as though, etc. as…as…, not so…as, than, the more… the more…, etc.

高三秋季课程 (上)

2)虚拟语气
◆虚拟语气在非真实条件句中的使用:if 引导的虚拟条件句;if 省略句;含蓄条件句;even if/though 用于虚拟语气; ◆虚拟语气在名词性从句中的应用:用于宾语从句(wish;用于表示建议,愿望,命令等词后的宾 语从句中;would rather);用于主语从句中;用于表语从句和同位语从句中; ◆情态动词和虚拟语气; ◆考点: (1) if 引导的虚拟条件句 (2) 错综时间条件句 (3) 含蓄条件句 (4) wish 引导的宾语从句用虚拟语气 (5) 表示建议,愿望和命令的动词后引导宾语从句(suggest 和 insist 的用法) (6) 虚拟语气用于定语从句: It is (high) time (that)…从句中谓语动词用过去式或用 “should+动词原形” (7)‖情态动词+have done‖ 结构

二、课堂精讲例题

1.三位一体(单词、短语、句型)
例题 1. affect 【题目】 :Peter Taylor finds out how computers and the Internet are going to affect our lives. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :affect, effort 与 effect 的区别:affect vt. 影响,相当于 have a(n) …effect on。effect. n.效果,影响。effort.n. 努力;奋斗,常用短语:with (an) effort, 努 力地;make every effort to do sth, 努力做什么事请。 【解法与答案】 :彼得﹒泰勒发现计算机和因特网将如何影响我们的生活。 练习: 1. 巨大的噪音对听力有害。 2. 我将不遗余力的来帮助你。 3. 他毫不费力地就举起了那块石头。 答案:
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高三秋季课程 (上) 1. Loud noises have a bad effect on hearing. 2. I‘ll spare no effort to help you. 3. He lifted the stone without effort. 例题 2. take action 【题目】 :We have to take immediate action, or I fear that life on Earth will get worse. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :表达“采取行动”有三种表达:take action; take a step/steps; take a measure/measures; 【解题思路】 :take measures to do sth. 【解法与答案】 :我们不得不立刻行动,否则我恐怕地球上的生物将会更惨。 练习: 1. 如果我们不采取必要的措施去控制这一坏现象,我们的公司就不会有未来。 答案: 1. If we do not take necessary action to control such a bad phenomenon, our company will have no future. 例题 3. see sb doing sth 【题目】 :I see people living and working in a virtual world. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :see,watch, notice, observe, hear, feel, look at, listen to 等感官动 词后可接-ing 分词、-ed 分词和省去 to 的不定式做宾补。同样,have,make,let 这些使役 动词后也可接以上的非谓语动词做宾补,要注意其含义的区别。 do(看见全过程) see sb./sth. doing(看到正在进行) done(看到某事被做) have sb./sth. do(使??做??) doing(使??保持某种状态) done(使??被做)

【解法与答案】 :我看见人们在虚拟世界里生活和工作。 练习: 1. 失踪的孩子最后被看到时正在东湖边玩耍。 2. 她的钱包在公共汽车上被人偷了。 3. 他骑车时把腿摔断了。 答案: 1. The missing boy was last seen playing near the East Lake. 2. He had his wallet stolen on a bus. 3.He had his leg broken while cycling. 例题 4. suggest
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高三秋季课程 (上) 【题目】 :reject suggestions 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :suggest vt.建议,提议;暗示,启发。suggest 的用法:及物动 词,后接名词、代词、v.-ing 或从句;作建议讲后接“should +动词原形”的从句;作暗 示讲后接常规时态的从句。此处 suggest 用法和 insist 用法相似。insist 作“坚持要求,坚 持”时后接“should +动词原形” ;作“坚持说,固执己见”时 【解法与答案】 :拒绝建议 练习: 1.他建议立即开工。 2.警察提出窃贼可能是那个家庭的一名成员。 3.他执意要他来。 4.他坚持说他是无辜的。 答案: 1. He suggested that the work (should) be started at once. 2. The police suggested that the thief might be one of the family members. 3. He insisted that she come. 4. He insisted that he was innocence. 例题 5. there be +主语+定语 【题目】 :In the South Island, there are the Southern Alps with Mount Cook… 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :there be +主语+ v.-ing/ there be +主语+ to do/ there be +主语+ done/ there be +主语+ prep./adv. 【解题思路】 常用句型“there be +主语+状语” 。此句型有时不用 be 动词,而用 live, stand, come, go, lie, remain, exist, arrive 等。 现在有 there is/are … /过去有 there was/were… / 将来有 there will be…;there is /are going to be.../ 现在已经有 there has/have been…/ 可能有 there

might be.../ 肯定有 there must be ?/there must have been.../ 过去曾经有 there used to be …/ 似乎有 there seems/seem/seemed to be ?/ 碰巧有 there happen/happens/happened to be ? 【解法与答案】 :在南岛,有含库克山在内的南阿尔卑斯山?? 练习: 1. 那站着一个男孩。 2. 有一个女孩名叫婉君。 3. 这个村子过去只有一口井。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 4. 天气预报说下午有大风。 5. 灯亮着,办公室里肯定有人。 6. 战前这儿一直有家电影院的. 7. 恰好那时房里没人。 答案: 1.There is a boy standing there. 2. There was a girl named Wanjun. 3. There was only a well in the village. 4. The weatherman says there’ll be a strong wind in the afternoon. 5. The light is on. There must be someone in the office. 6. There used to be a cinema here before the war. 7. There happened to be nobody in the room. 例题 6.(be)+of(+修饰词)+名词 【题目】 :Over 80% of the 3.6 million people are of European (mainly British) origin. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :(1) be of +抽象名词,相当于“be +该名词同根形容词” ,表示 “是……的” ,该抽象名词前可以加 much, great, little, some, no 等词修饰。(2) be of +普通名 词。该普通名词一般没有相应的形容词,所以不存在“be + adj.‖的转换形式。(3) be of +不 定冠词或 one 等词+名词,表示“同一的” 。(4) be of +普通名词或物质名词,表示“由?? 制成” “由??组成” 。 【解法与答案】 :三百六十万人中超过百分之八十的人来自欧洲(主要是英国) 。 练习: 1.这本书对你很重要。 2.硬币大小、重量、形状可能不同,所用的金属材料也不同。 3.我们意见相同。 4.这墙是用石头砌成的 答案: 1. The book is of great importance(=very important) to you. 2. Coin may be of different sizes, weights, shapes and of different metals. 3. We are of one opinion. 4. The wall is of stone. = The wall is made of stone.
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高三秋季课程 (上) 例题 7.impress 【题目】 :Everyone agreed that they were greatly impressed by Morissette‘s brilliant music and singing. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :impress vt. 压出印记;印上;使(人)印象深刻;强调 impress…on…把??印在??上;impress sth. on sb/ impress sb. with sth 【解题思路】 :be impressed by/at/with 被??所感动;be impressed on one’s mind/memory 被印在脑海里, 留下深刻的印象; leave/make a/an?impression on sb.给某人留下深刻的印象。 【解法与答案】 :每个人都认为莫里赛特杰出的音乐和演唱给他们留下了深刻的印象。 练习: 1.我们和数名申请者进行了面谈,但都没有给我们留下什么印象。 2.大峡谷永远让人叹为观止。 3.令我钦佩都是她记得我的名字。 4.他让我们意识到立刻采取行动的必要。 5.她的话语我铭记在心。 答案: 1. We interviewed a number of candidates but none of them impressed us. 2. The Grand Canyon never fails to impress. 3. It impressed me that she remembered my name. 4. He impressed on us the need for immediate action. 5. Her words impressed themselves on my memory. 例题 8. pick up 【题目】 :I will pick up the tickets at lunchtime tomorrow./ I will go and pick them up as soon as school finishes. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :pick up 的一词多义 【解题思路】 :(1) 拾起,捡起 pick up one‘s hat (2) 学会(语言等) , (偶然)获得 (3) (未 经正式介绍)随便结识异性 (4) (车辆等)中途接人,中途带货 (5) 恢复健康;振作精神 (6) (火车等)加快(速度) (=speed up)(7) 收拾,整理 pick up tools (8) 接听 (9) 重新开 始 to pick up where we left off 从我们停顿的地方开始/ to pick up the conversation after an interruption 从谈话被打断的地方开始 【解法与答案】 :明天午饭时间我将去把票拿回来。/ 一放学我就去接他们。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 练习: 1.他失足滑到之后很快自己爬了起来。 2.你怎么学会法语的? 3.我昨天认识了一位漂亮的女士。 4.火车停下来让乘客上车。 5.吃一点东西也许能使你振作起来。 6.我的收音机能非常清楚的收听法国的广播。 答案: 1. He slipped and fell, but quickly picked himself up. 2. How did you pick up French? 3. I picked up a beautiful lady yesterday. 4. The train stopped to pick up passengers. 5. A bir of something might pick you up. 6. My radio can pick up France very clearly. 例题 9. combine 【题目】 :The first step in making a cake is to combine the milk and butter. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :vt.(使)联合, (使)结合,加上;兼有。n. 联合收割机 【解题思路】 :combine with sb./sth. 同??联合起来;combine A with/and B 把 A 和 B 联合 起来 【解法与答案】 :做蛋糕的第一步是混合牛奶和黄油。 练习: 1.这两个机构合并为一个公司。 2.计划不周,加上运气不好,导致这家公司倒闭。 3.这部车即快又安全。 答案: 1. The two organizations combined to form one company. 2. Bad planing , combined with bad luck, led to the company‘s collapse. 3. The car combines speed and reliability. 例题 10. conclusion 【题目】 :conclusion-why you want to live there
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高三秋季课程 (上) 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :n. 结论。派生 conclude vt./vi.结束;断定 【解题思路】 :to conclude/ in conclude 最后(插入语) ;reach/ make/ draw/ come a conclusion 得出(达成)结论 【解法与答案】 :结论——你为什么想生活在那里 练习: 1.我们决定不去了。 2.他结束了演讲。 3.他们从事实中得出了不同的结论。 答案: 1. We conclude not to go. 2. He concluded his speech. 3. They drew different conclusions from the facts.

2. 语法 1)状语从句
例题一、 【题目】_____volleyball is her main focus, she‘s also great at basketball. A. Since B. Once C. unless D. while

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 本题考查状语从句中连词 while 的用法。句意:尽管她把重点都 放在排球上,可她也擅长篮球。这里 while 引导让步状语从句。让学生掌握该题型的解题思路 与方法。 【解题思路】把握准句意中主句和从句的关系,然后选出合适意思的连词。 【解法与答案】D

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)_____they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures. A. As B.While C. Until D.Once (2) Jack wasn’t saying anything , but the teacher smiled at him_____he had done something very clever. A. as if B.in case C. while D.though

(3)Peter likes doing sports ______his brother prefers listening to music. A. as B.for
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C. while

D.and

高三秋季课程 (上) (4)______I know the money is safe, I shall not worry about it. A. Even though B.Unless C. As long as D.While

(5)We were swimming in the lake_______suddenly the storm started. A. when 【参考答案】1-5 DACCA 例题二、 【题目】 Find ways to praise your children often, ______you‘ll find they will open theirs hearts to you. A. till B.or C. and D.but B.while C. until D.before

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 本题考查“祈使句+and+含一般将来时的分句”这一用法。此句型 表示:做??,就会??,而“祈使句+or+含一般将来时的分句”则表示:做??,否则就??。 让学生掌握该题型的解题思路与方法。 【解题思路】看前半句是不是祈使句,后半句是不是陈述句,然后进行分析解题。 【解法与答案】C

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)Please turn down the music, ______our neighbors next door will be disturbed. A. and B. or C. but D. so

(2)You can go ______ you are. You needn‘t get changed. A. as B. what C. that D. when

(3)Don‘t give up regardless of difficulty and failure, ______ you will never achieve your goals. A. and B. but C. or D. so

(4)The little boy won‘t go to sleep _____ his mother tells him a story. A. or B. unless C. but D. whether

(5)Ballet is amazing; _______ you go, you are likely to find yourself going again and again. A. as 【参考答案】1-5 BACBB 例题三、 【题目】Please call my secretary to arrange a meeting this afternoon, or _____ it is convient to you. A. whenever B. however C. whichever D. wherever B. once C. unless D. while

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 本题考查状语从句中连词 wh-ever 的用法。句意:请今天下午或 在你方便的时候打电话告诉我的秘书安排一个会议。这里 whenever 引导状语从句。让学生掌握 该题型的解题思路与方法。 【解题思路】把握准句意中主句和从句的关系,然后选出合适意思的连词。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 【解法与答案】D

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)______ hard you may try, you can’t possibly persuade Tom to give up smoking, for he is so addicated to it. A. Whatever B.However C. Whichever D.Whenever (2)______, you’ll never be able to persuade him. A. However hard may you try C. However hard you may try B. Try however hard you may D. Try hard however you may

(3)I will appreciate it ______ you can change your plan a little bit to make it more workable. A. so interest. A. wherever -------Ok, ______ you want. A. whichever 【参考答案】1-5 BCBCC B. however C. whatever D. whoever B.whenever C. even if D. as if B. if C. since D. although

(4)The engineer are so busy that they have zero time for outdoor sports activities, ____they have the

(5)------How about camping this weekend, just for a change?

2)虚拟语气
例题一、 【题目】----Where are the children? The dinner ‘s going to be completely ruined. --------I wish they ______ always late. A. weren‘t C. wouldn‘t be B. hadn‘t been D. wouldn‘t have been

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】本题考查虚拟语气。wish 后跟 that 从句,从句部分采用虚拟语气, 与现在事实相反的用一般过去时,与过去事实相反的用过去完成时。本题表示与现在事实相反, 所以用一般过去时。让学生掌握该题型的解题思路与方法。 【解题思路】通过判断说话人的时间来确定与什么时间相反。 【解法与答案】A

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)What‘s your opinion of Mr. Li‘s request that we _____ spend half an hour reading English every morning? A. would B.should
37

C. must

D. could

高三秋季课程 (上) (2)-----Your composion is full of mistakes. --------I wish I _____ more careful. A. would have been B. had been C. would be D. were

(3)I suggested to my mother that she _____ a drawing club after her retirement from teaching. A. join A. nor allow A. need have done 【参考答案】1-5 BBAAD 例题二、 【题目】Maybe if I _____ science, and not literature then, I would be able to give you more help. A. studied B. would study C. had studied D. was studying B. joins B. do not allow B. must have done C. joined C. mustn‘t allow C. can have done D. would join D. couldn‘t allow D.might have done

(4)Teachers recommend parents _____ their children under 12 to ride bicycles to school for safety. (5)What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he _____ better.

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】本题考查虚拟语气,错综时间条件句。根据 then 一词可以确定此 处表示与过去事实相反,故 if 引导的从句部分用 had done。句意:也许如果我当时学习的是理 科而不是文科的话,那么我现在就可以给你更多的帮助了。让学生掌握该题型的解题思路与方 法。 【解题思路】根据语境判断是对现在、过去或者将来进行虚拟,然后确定用什么形式。 【解法与答案】C 搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计) (1)If we had taken such effective measures much earlier, the river _____ so seriously now. A. is not polluted C. hadn‘t been polluted A. have bought B. bought B. would not be polluted D. wouldn‘t have been polluted C. had bought D. would buy

(2)If you _____ the right map, we wouldn‘t have got lost. (3)-----The weather has been very hot and dry. ------- Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetable _____. A.wouldn‘t die from its present place. A. will be taken A. followed B. were taken B. should follow C. had been taken C. had followed D. were being taken D. would follow (5)If he _____ my advise, he wouldn‘t have lost his job.? B. wouldn‘t have died C. didn‘t die D. hadn‘t died (4)If transport costs _____ into consideration at the beginning, the factory would have been built far

【参考答案】1-5 BCBCC
38

高三秋季课程 (上)

3.阅读欣赏 (状语从句的理解与感悟)
The famous classical pianist, Kong Xiangdong, surprised his fans last week by giving a concert combining classical music with Chinese flok music. Kong explained that he tried this because he wanted to create something new. ―As a musician, playing the same music in different cities of the world is very boring,‖ says kong. He also feels that playing Chinese folk music on the piano can help bring it to the rest of the world. Music has always been part of Kong‘s world. As his mother was a great music lover, he lived with music from birth. But it wasn‘t always easy for the young Kong Xiangdong. His mother couldn’t buy him a piano until he was seven. She had to draw piano keys on a piece of paper so that he could learn to play as early as possible. The five-year-old Kong would practise on the paper piano as his mother clapped the rhythm. He was made to practise the piano so much that, at times, he thought about giving up. However, he didn‘t quit, and he became a great pianist. In 1986, at the age of 18, he became the yongest prize winner in Moscow‘s Tchaikovsky International Competition. He went on to win awards in competitions across the world. Because of Kong‘s talent and hard work, he became famous worldwide. Bur after years of performing, he felt that in some ways he had lost his identity. This is why he went back to his roots and rediscovered the beauty in Chinese folk music. He began experimenting with different styles and his Dream Tour Concert is the result. Kong’s new experiment in Chinese folk music is so improtant to him that he even changes his appeatance. When he arrived at his concert last week, he had shaved off all his hair! Since his music style was new, he decided his hairstyle had to be new too! Whether Kong is changing his appearance or transforming his music, he is a pioneer in music today. The concert last week was such a success that Kong‘s Dream Tour Concert is expected to run for the next two years in Beijing, Shanghai, and other main cities before going to Pairs and New York.

三、课后自我检测

A 类题 1. 单项填空
1). It puzzled him why people here are so interested in what his job is. He _____ that question frequently. A. has asked B. gets asked C. is asking D. was asked

2). ––– Sunny had to give a speech in front of 500 people yesterday. ––– Whew! That‘s a big audience. She _____have been nervous. A. must B. would
39

C. might

D. could

高三秋季课程 (上) 3). –––I like your new shoes! –––Thanks. I had to try on almost a dozen pairs ______ I decided to get them. A. as B. when C. after D. before

4). Education is _____ remains when we have forgotten all we have been taught. A. whether B. how C. that D. what

5). -----Tom is very upset. I wish I ____ him the disappointing news. ------- I told you not to, but you wouldn‘t listen. A. didn‘t tell 答案:BADDB B. hadn‘t told C. haven‘t told D. wouldn‘t tell

2.完型填空
―Meg, we need to talk.‖ ―Sure thing, Dad.‖ ―I have been to the cancer.‖ ―Okay.‖ ―Just okay?‖ ―Yes, just okay.‖‖ It was the second half of my senior year, that 2 mind in just two short months. By my final performance Dad couldn‘t really give his full 4 on it, but he was there. He bravely sat 6 those months, on all my future events, it kept through my birthday dinner, and he 5 to get out of the hospital for my graduation. we both are caring about the same thing---me. His doctor said that by 7 my dad 8 For the next two weeks after his 9 blinds and gave me a letter. It was from my father ‘s doctor. He wrote about how my father 10 him to change his life and the way he worked. ―… He wasn‘t 11 did his own 13 to be.‖ I was 15 . I came to know what I should do. everything I had to these little kids, and 17 what they are doing. Their innocence had helped me Days later, I got a job as a summer camp counselor. I 16 slowly they helped to heal me without even 18 some of mine. a patient to me. He 12 more for the people around him than he 14 . I have never met someone who put everyone else first. He was the type of person longer. Nine days after my high school graduation, my father died. , I didn‘t leave my room. Finally, my mom came in, opened my in a girl‘s life when all the really big exciting 3 my events are happening. My final performance, my eighteenth birthday and my graduation, all 1 several times over the last past few days, and well, Meg, I have a brain

40

高三秋季课程 (上) That summer 19 others. 1. A. doctor 2. A. time 3. A. sharpened 4. A. congratulation 5. A. failed 6. A. Since 7. A. depending 8. A. alive 9. A. recovery 10. A. forced 11. A. even 12. A. cared 13.A. benefit 14. A. continue 15. A. disappointed 16. A. forgave 17. A. realizing 18. A. maintain 19. A. indicated 20. A. lively B. baker B. goal B. changed B. presentation B. intended B. After B. focusing B. active B. treatment B. inspired B. just B. paid B. effort B. manage B. surprised B. promised B. believing B. prove B. mirrored B. final C. teacher C. story C. occupied C. description C. decided C. During C. insisting C. awake C. ceremony C. persuaded C. always C. prepared C. pain C. desire C. determined C. abandoned C. guessing C. rediscover C. followed C. interesting D. lawyer D. thing D. influenced D. concentration D. fought D. With D. counting D. calm D. funeral D. begged D. yet D. praised D. walue D. agree D. touched D. contributed D. suspecting D. believe D. performed D. painful parts of the life my father led in his last few days. I had learned the 20 lesson

my father was teaching me----in order to lead a fulfilling life, you must learn how to give of yourself to

答案:AACDD CBADB BACCD DACBB

3.阅读理解
I cry easily. I cried when a boy in the film suffered from an incurable disease. I cried when an athlete broke a world record. One night my wife and I were going to dinner at a friend ' s. As we went towards the house, I noticed a car pulling out from the sidewalk.Just ahead, another car was waiting to back into the parking space.But before he could do so a yellow car came up from behind and sneaked into the space. While my wife went ahead into our friend' s house, I stepped into the street. "Hey," I said, "this parking space belongs to that guy." I gestured towards the man ahead, who was looking back angrily.At that moment I was feeling pretty manly. " Mind your own business!" the driver told me. "No," I said."You don' t understand.That fellow was waiting to back into this space."

41

高三秋季课程 (上) Things quickly heated up, until finally he jumped out of the car. My God, he was extremely large.He grabbed me and shook his rock of a fist at me.I tasted blood.I was terrified. Almost in a panic, I ran to my friend ' s front door.As a former Marine (海军) , as a man, I felt absolutely embarrassed as my wife and friends asked me what had happened. All I could say was that I had had an argument about a parking space.They were sensitive and let it go at that. Perhaps half an hour later, the doorbell rang.For some reason I was sure that the huge man had returned for me. My blood ran cold. My hostess got up to answer it, but I stopped her. I knew I had to face up to my fear. I opened the door. There he stood. " I came back to apologize," he said in a low voice. "I am ashamed of myself. The Brooklyn Navy Yard where I've worked for ten years is closing. Today I got laid off. I' m not myself.I hope you" ll accept my apology. I remembered that after I closed the door, I stood there for a few minutes alone with tears in my eyes. 1.What did the author do when a yellow car drove into the parking space? A.He beat the driver. B.He blamed the driver. C.He asked the driver to apologize. D.He ran to his friend' s house for help. 2.What do we know about the yellow car' s driver? A.He was rude and liked fighting. B.He was famous for his bad temper. C.He lost his job and felt terrible that day. D.He tried to get the author' s parking space. 3.What does the underlined sentence mean? A.I became quite calm. B.I felt extremely frightened. C.I couldn't move with cold. D.I was too angry to say anything. 4.What kind of person is the author? A.Direct and serious. C.Honest and ambitious. 答案:BCBD B.Humorous and open - minded. D.Warm - hearted and understanding

4.翻译练习
1) 他主动提出要帮他母亲搬箱子。 (offer) She offered to carry the box for her mother.
42

高三秋季课程 (上) 2) 他预言那场战争会在以后几年爆发。 (predicat) He predicated that war would break out in the next few years. 3) 让我们希望我们的困难很快就会过去。 (disappear) Let‘s hope that our difficulties will soon disappear. 4) 表格必须在三星期内填妥并交回。(be to) The form is to be filled in and returned within three weeks. 5) 他受到的全部教育总共不超过一年。 His whole education added up to no more than one year.

B 类题 1. 单项填空
1). -----How long do you want me to heat the oil? -----Heat it till it _____ to smoke. A. would begin B. begins C. will begin D. began 2). ––– Your spoken English is so good. Have you been abroad? ––– Yes. I ______in London for two years. A. have stayed C. had stayed A. also A. which ____ me. A. will never forgive 答案:BBABB B. would never forgive C. does not forgive D. never forgives B. instead B. when B. stayed D. have been staying C. however C. that D. therefore D. where

3). I don‘t like her face; _______, she smoked, which is something I hate. 4). She still remembered several occasions in the past _____ she had a similar feeling. 5). Hellen doesn‘t know how much I spent in repairing the house. If she ever found out, I‘m sure she

2.完型填空
After winning a game, athletes are often asked how they achieved that success. Most say their 1 is the result of hard practice.Usually athletes say how hard it is to win the big games.However, in my case, 2 the big games can be even harder.

43

高三秋季课程 (上) For me, last year' s basketball _3_ for my high school team was nothing short of an embarrassment.Although losing every game is certainly nothing to be _4_ of, that season had a bigger effect on me than any other, and probably 5 than any season since. 6_ year, but I didn't ever expect we would lose every

As a team captain, I knew it might not be the

game.Since six of our top players had graduated, we were a young team who would _7__.It began earlier than expected, though, 8 two key members decided to quit after two weeks.At this point, dropping 9 us a failure, but we never gave up

out probably passed through every player' s mind.Most people on ourselves.Then it seemed that our own longer worth giving my all.I thought, if 11 10

had given up on us.Personally, I felt like it was no the coach didn't believe in us, why should I? 12

there came a time when it all began to feel hopeless.But just as my __13__ began to fade, a teammate called a meeting.He said, " Nobody thinks we' re going to win, and we may not, but, as teammates and friends, we should give it our all every game." It was that moment that leader you can never 16 14 me how to be a leader.It hit me that I didn‘t 15 17 the role.As a as the captain 18 all the

on the team who looks up to you. It is one thing to be

and feel great. It is quite another to be a real captain and make sure everyone works to their time. I 19

the fact that my team lost every game last year.It may not help me to become a better

basketball player, but it already has made me a better leader, and 20 . 1. A. courage 2. A. losing 3. A. tour 4. A. fond 5. A. greater 6. A. happiest 7. A. fail 8. A. so 9. A. made 10. A. fun 11. A. always 12. A. Gradually 13. A. hope 14. A. showed 15. A. act 16. A. quit 17. A. named 18. A. victory B. decision B. organizing B. season B. proud B. longer B. easiest B. stuggle B. if B. allowed B. coach B. still B. Suddenly B. belief B. instructed B. perform B. work B. valued B. future
44

C. achievement C. watching C. incident C. afraid C. less C. hardest C. fight C. as C. counted C. classmates C. only C. Surprisingly C. enthusiasm C. taught C. deserve C. depend C. admitted C. honor

D. experience D. starting D. game D. ashamed D. worse D. saddest D. survive D. till D. imagined D. sponsor D. even D. Finally D. influence D. trained D. take D. focus D. considered D. epotential

高三秋季课程 (上) 19. A. ignore 20. A. character B. treasure B. captain C. accept C. figure D. confirm D. person

答案:CABBA BBCCB DDACC AADBD

3.阅读理解
The Garden Burgers located in Truman was recognized by the Garden Burgers head office in Kansas City, Missouri.The Truman location of Garden Burgers recorded the highest sales last year.It brought in over $ 1 ,500,000 for the entire year.But what is more important is that Truman only has a population of 40,000. The store directly behind the Truman store in terms of sales is located in a city of over 300,000. Fred Laster and Jasper Watts bought into the Garden Burgers franchise (特许) only 3 years and a few months ago.They have used the combination of a good restaurant location and a series of promotional events to make Garden Burgers one of the most visited restaurants in Truman.However, they are quick to add that these are not the main reasons the store has done so well. "We found a franchise with a solid image and great franchise - wide marketing, " Watts said in a phone interview. Laster and Watts expect this year to be just as productive as last year. After 4 months, they are on pace to exceed last year' s sales by more than $70,000.Each year the head office awards the owners of the store achieving the highest sales with a weekend stay at the best hotel in Kansas City and tickets to a Kansas City Chiefs football game.However, due to the extremely good sales performance of the store in Truman, the head office decided to change the tradition.Laster and Watts said their staff, which consists of only 5 university students, would be joining them in Kansas city as well. Tom Justins, the president of Garden Burgers has also sent his congratulations and he hopes that all their stores can look at the example the store has set. 1.How is the prize different this year? A.All the staff are invited. B.The prize is worth $70,000. C.The company permits a longer holiday. D.The prize includes tickets to a football game. 2.What do we know about the Garden Burgers in Truman? A.The store is run by 5 university students. B.The store will bring in $ 1 ,500,000 this year. C.The store has a special way to encourage its staff to work hard. D.The store has recorded the highest sales with a smaller population. 3.What' s the best title of the passage? A.The Most Visited Restaurant. B.Fred Laster and Jasper Watts. C.Local Burger Shop Has Record Year,
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高三秋季课程 (上) D.The Unbelievable Record of Hamburgers. 答案:ADC

4.翻译练习
1)你所了解到的不是他真正的性格。 (character) What you know about him is not his real character. 2)他有时候在那里一坐就是几个小时,什么事儿也不干。(would) He would sit there for hours sometimes, doing nothing of all. 3)我们应该珍惜我们的友谊。 (treasure) We should treasure our friendship. 4)伴着手摇风琴的乐声他们翩翩起舞。 (to) They were dancing to the music of barrel organ. 5)老虎在笼子里来回的踱步。 (back and forth) The tiger is pacing back and forth in his cage.

C 类题 1. 单项填空
1). The newspaper is owned by a foreign company, _______boss is Sir James Bex. A. when A. what A. Having seen A.since A. had gone 答案:DBCBB 2.完型填空 As sixth graders, kids were separating into groups, but I wasn't sure where I belonged. Our teacher gave us a task called "secret friends" for the coming week.We were supposed to do nice things 1 our friends without letting them know who was doing it.We could leave
46

B. where B. that B. Seen B.unless B. would have gone

C. which C. where C. To see C.although C. would go

D. whose D. how D. To be seen D. because D. went

2). I persuaded my parents ______ we should go to Italy for a holiday rather than Scotland. 3). ______ Joseph off at the airport, Sally finished her work earlier. 4). Kids are not allowed to leave kindergardens _____ their parents come to pick them up. 5). Cathy went to the hospital alone. If she had told me about it, I ______ with her.

2

notes or

高三秋季课程 (上) cards either on their desks or in their backpacks. Before doing the task, with our eyes closed, from a basket, we 3 a name of a classmate who we were to secretly befriend over the next five days. 4 5 instead of notes.Everyone was getting without a fault.I received nothing but

Soon, the task was turned into a competition of giving cool presents except me.My friend followed the teacher's handmade cards with nice words about me. On the last morning, I finally got a package.When I perfumed powder, an "old lady" gift.My face went red. I tried to forget about the 8

6

it, the girls around all

7

.It was

gift, but when the same girls 10

9

it again during the break in the want it." The girls laughed at my I

bathroom, I joined in, "How stupid! My grandmother wouldn't 11

and filed out of the bathroom.Washing my hands, I let the water run through my fingers 12 13 like me to say things like that.

thought about my words.It wasn't

"I'm your secret friend." It was Rochelle." I' m sorry about the gift," she whispered to me, tears 14 down her face. From a poor family, she was a 16 15 at school for those with rich parents.Yet she just took all the

and the horrible treatment silently. I was sick to my stomach as my 17 words ran through my mind. She had heard everything. How

could I have been so cruel? Later I learned she had felt bad all week about not being able to leave me any cool present and her mum had given up her only luxury(奢侈品) . And I had 18 everything for her. 19 . 20 .Her simple words,

I told her that I had only said those things to try to

"We aren't that different from each other, are we?" She smiled spoken from her heart, found their way straight into mine. 1. A. for 2. A. convincing 3. A. drew 4. A. chances 5. A. guidance 6. A. discovered 7. A. blamed 8. A. special 9. A. mentioned 10. A. just 11. A. remarks 12. A. if B. behind B. reminding B. dragged B. help B. patterns B. opened B. shouted B. delicate B. saw B. ever B. feeling B. as
47

C. through C. rewarding C. found C. hope C. directions C. grasped C. laughed C. worrying C. showed C. even C. suffering C. since

D. like D. encouraging D. picked D. gifts D. admission D. held D. commented D. embarrassing D. suggested D. only D. reactions D. because

高三秋季课程 (上) 13. A. exactly 14. A. dashing 15. A. goal 16. A. challenge 17. A. powerful 18. A. ruined 19. A. turn off 20. A. optimistically B. perfectly B. getting B. target B. puzzle B. hurtful B. broken B. show off B. understandingly C. normally C. smoothing C. centre C. teasing C. tense C. changed C. get in C. persuasively D. necessarity D. streaming D. wonder D. ignoring D. scary D. disturbed D. fit in D. honestly

答案:ADADC BCDAC ABCDB CBADB

3.阅读理解
In the days of the Internet, the idea that it represented an entirely new and separate field distinct from the real world was seized upon by both supporters and critics of the new technology.Supporters liked the idea that the virtual(虚拟的) world was a placeless datasphere, liberated from constraints and restrictions of the real world, and an opportunity for a fresh start.For instance, John Perry Barlow, an internet activist, issued the "Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace" in February 1996.He thundered, "Governments of the industrial world, I come from cyberspace, the new home of mind.Cyberspace does not lie within your borders.We are creating a world that all may enter without privilege or prejudice accorded by race, economic power, military force, or station of birth. Where Mr.Barlow found the separation between the real and virtual worlds exciting, however, critics regarded it as a cause for concern.They worried that people were spending too much time online, communicating with people they had never even met in person in chat rooms, virtual game worlds and, more recently, on social - networking sites such as MySpace and Facebook.A study carried out by the Stanford Institute for the Quantitative Study of Society in 2000, for example, found that heavy internet users spent less time talking to friends and family, and warned that the Internet could be "the ultimate isolating( 隔离) technology". Both groups were wrong, of course.The Internet has not turned out to be a thing apart.Unpleasant aspects of the real world, such as taxes, crime and cheating are now characteristics of the virtual world, too.C'amers who make real money selling swords, gold and other things in virtual game worlds may now find that the tax man wants to know about it.Designers of virtual objects in Second Life, an online virtual world, are seeking to real -world lawsuits (诉讼) in order to protect their intellectual property. At the same time, however, some of the most exciting uses of the Internet rely on combining it with the real world.Social networking allows people to stay in touch with their friends online, and plan social activities in the real world.The distinction between online and offline chatters does not matter any more.

48

高三秋季课程 (上) All these approaches treat the Internet as an extension or an attachment to the physical world, not a separate space.Rather than seeing the real and virtual fields as distinct and conflicting, in short, it makes sense to see them as complementary and connected. 1.According to the passage, internet supporters believed that ______. A.cyberspace liberated the real world B.the Internet; stood for progress of technology C.cyberspace can be entered by anyone for free D.the virtual world was a place without boundaries 2.Why is John Perry Barlow mentioned in Paragraph 1 ? A.To support the equality for all. B.To prove the influence of the Internet. C.To show the supporters' favor of cyberspace. D.To attack governments of Indus trial countries. 3.The passage suggests that critics of the new technology ___ _. A.worried that friends would never meet in person B.believed that the Internet could isolate people online C.worried that people would be separated from the real world D.were concerned that people were addicted to social networks 4.From the passage we can conclude that the author ______. A.argues that real and virtual worlds are not consistent B.believes the real and virtual worlds rely on each other C.agrees with both supporters and critics of the Internet D.opposes the combination of the Internet and the physical world 答案:DCCB

4.书面表达
请根据下面提示,写一篇短文。词数不少于 50。 In your English class, the teacher shows you the following picture and asks the class to discuss it. Look at the picture carefully and tell how you understand it.

49

高三秋季课程 (上)

In the picture, I can see two men are trying to make a bench. Both of them are working hard, sweating a lot. But obviously they are nailing the legs on different sides. Seeing the picture, I can‘t help thinking how ridiculous it is. They work as a team and both of them do make their efforts. But unfortunately they mind their own business without communicating with each other. Cooperation needs effective communication, without which we‘ll do things blindly. So before taking actions, plan things carefully and communicate well with your partners. Otherwise all the efforts will be in vain, just like what the two men do in the picture.

50

高三秋季课程 (上)

第三讲
一、知识梳理

必修一和必修二整合

1. 词汇短语归纳
1)重点单词 不理睬,忽视 ____________________________ 遭受;忍受;经历 ________________________ 捆扎;包装;小包_________________________ 辨认出; 承认; ____________________________ 更喜欢;选择某事物_______________________ 爆裂;爆发_______________________________ 损害;伤害_______________________________ 震惊;休克;打击_________________________ 积极地;活跃的___________________________ 使人兴奋地______________________________ 令人吃惊的______________________________ 残疾的;无能的___________________________ 解决;___________________________________ 不同意__________________________________ 要求____________________________________ 有可能__________________________________ 全球的__________________________________ 真实,实现______________________________ 生长___________________________________ 进攻___________________________________ 娱乐,款待_____________________________ 伤害___________________________________ 提议,建议_____________________________ 打包___________________________________ 中央的_________________________________ 材料___________________________________ 风景___________________________________ 效果,作用_____________________________ 非凡的_________________________________ 奖,奖品_______________________________ 有创造力的_____________________________ 听众___________________________________ 使…印象深刻___________________________ 财宝___________________________________ 痊愈; 恢复; 重新获得______________________ 实际上;事实上___________________________ 运输;运送_______________________________ 说服;劝说_______________________________ 可靠地;可信赖的_________________________ 破坏;毁坏_______________________________ 使陷入困境;困境_________________________ 奖赏____________________________________ 主意____________________________________ 事件 ___________________________________ 包含;包括______________________________ 根据;基本______________________________ 组织___________________________________ 营救___________________________________ 祈求___________________________________ 集中注意_______________________________ 人造的_________________________________ 影响___________________________________ 罪犯___________________________________ 提供___________________________________ 消失___________________________________ 明显的________________________________ 目的地________________________________ 定居___________________________________ 平均的_________________________________ 正式地_________________________________ 吸引人的_______________________________ 使失望_________________________________ 表演___________________________________ 极端地_________________________________ 强大的_________________________________ 遍及,贯穿_____________________________ 使联合_________________________________ 代表___________________________________
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高三秋季课程 (上) 将军___________________________________ 天才___________________________________ 身份;特征_____________________________ 外貌___________________________________ 平常的_________________________________ 独特的,唯一的_________________________ 反应___________________________________ 允许___________________________________ 直的___________________________________ 阴影___________________________________ 贵重的_________________________________ 优美地_________________________________ 特征,特色_____________________________ 童话___________________________________ 目的,意图_____________________________ 租金___________________________________ 车库___________________________________ 地铁___________________________________ 结论;结束_____________________________ 贡献___________________________________ 2) 重点短语 关心;挂念_____________________________ 经历;经受_____________________________ 故意___________________________________ 与……相处; 进展________________________ 参加;加入_____________________________ 利用;使用_____________________________ 参与___________________________________ 从那以后_______________________________ 喜爱___________________________________ 关心;忧虑;挂念_______________________ 放弃___________________________________ 照常___________________________________ 许多的;大量的_________________________ 献身;专心于___________________________ 在危险痛苦等环境中_____________________ 求助于;致力于_________________________ 当权;上台_____________________________ 建立___________________________________ 为……做准备___________________________ 迎接困难_______________________________ 别胡扯_________________________________ 记下;放下;登记_______________________ (爆竹,铃)响_________________________ 占据___________________________________ 充满___________________________________ 抱怨___________________________________ 达到某种状态__________________________ 渡过难关______________________________ 放弃___________________________________ 参加___________________________________ 一点儿_________________________________ 也;还_________________________________ 继续___________________________________ 即使___________________________________ 应该___________________________________ 烧毁___________________________________ 应用___________________________________ 成功做……_____________________________ 遭受;经受_____________________________ 兴奋___________________________________ 因……骄傲____________________________ 得分___________________________________ 使充气;爆炸___________________________ 为了___________________________________
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辞职___________________________________ 全世界的_______________________________ 重新发现_______________________________ 转换,转化_____________________________ 代_____________________________________ 高贵的_________________________________ 有责任的_______________________________ 抽象的_________________________________ 波状的_________________________________ 青春___________________________________ 典型的_________________________________ 浅的___________________________________ 毁坏___________________________________ 朝代,王朝_____________________________ 供品,祭品_____________________________ 慈悲___________________________________ 垃圾,废物_____________________________ 在市区_________________________________ 窗帘___________________________________ 坚持___________________________________

高三秋季课程 (上) 对……疯狂_____________________________ 以……为基础___________________________ 全球变暖_______________________________ 好像, 仿佛______________________________ 本人亲身_______________________________ 习惯于_________________________________ 有时,不时_____________________________ 注视,凝视_____________________________ 有几分地_______________________________ 把……联系起来_________________________ 屏住呼吸_______________________________ 梦想___________________________________ 恰巧___________________________________ 代替___________________________________ 和….取得联系__________________________ 做,从事于_____________________________ 也,又_________________________________ 换句话说_______________________________ 在某些方面_____________________________ 往返,来回_____________________________ 追溯到_________________________________ 试用___________________________________

2. 重点语法
Number 1 Grammar 时态语态 Contents 一般现在时和现在进行时态 一般将来时及一般现在表将来 一般过去时机过去进行时 现在完成时及一般过去时 被动语态 2 3 4 5 情态动词 条件句及虚拟条件句 定语从句 状语从句 have to, should, can 及 ought to 虚拟条件句及混合虚拟条件句 关系代词和关系副词 让步、时间、地点、原因、结果、目的状语从句

二、课堂精讲例题

1.三位一体(单词、短语、句型)
例题 1. be located 【题目】 :Auckland has a population of just under a million people and is located on North Island. 【对应知识点】 :locate: vt. to put or build sth in a particular place. Eg: The government located the library in the downtown. 政府把图书馆建在了市中心。 adj. located; n. location 【解题思路】 :locate vt.:确定…的地点;把…设置在(用被动)be located on; 查出。 【解法与答案】 :奥克兰人口不到一百万,位于北岛。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 练习: 1. 中国银行位于城市中心。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 在地图上确定/指出北京的位置。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 他将新店开在了主街上。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 例题 2. be impressed by 【题目】 :Everyone agreed that they were greatly impressed by Morissette‘s brilliant music and singing. 【对应知识点】 :impress: v. impress sb (with sth/ sb.) Eg: She was suitably impressed with the painting. 她一如既往的对那幅油画发生了兴趣。 Impress sth/ itself on/ upon sth. : Her words impressed themselves on my memory. 她的话语我铭记在心。 n. impression 【解题思路】 :区别:impress on/ upon 使铭记,在…盖印; impress with 使对….留有深刻的印象, 使铭记; 【解法与答案】 :每个人都认为莫里塞特杰出的音乐和演唱给他们留下了深刻的印象。 练习: 1. 她的报告给我们留下了深刻的印象。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 记下旅行过程中使我感动的所有事物 _________________________________________________________________________________ 例题 3. take up 【题目】 :Meetings and phone calls take up a large part of the day. 【对应知识点】 :take up: 拿起, 开始从事, 继续, 吸收, 责备, 拘留, 占据, 认购. 【解题思路】 : 注意 take 构成的词组的区别, 如: take apart 拆开; take back 收回; take down 拿 下;take in 接纳,吸收,理解; take on 从事;take off 脱下、起飞、取消等。 【解法与答案】 :整天会议、电话不断。 练习: 1. 额外的工作耗费了我绝大部分时间 _________________________________________________________________________________
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高三秋季课程 (上) 2. 让我们接着我们停下来的地方重新开始。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 让我们一个问题一个问题地来解决 _________________________________________________________________________________ 4.几年后我放弃了医学,该学物理。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 他说他要向校长提出我的困难。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 例题 4. pull through 【题目】The doctor said I was not going to pull through. 【对应知识点】 :manage to do sth. 与 try to do sth. 的区别 【解题思路】与 pull 连用的词组, pull away 移开;pull down 毁坏,破坏;pull over 暂停在路边 【解法与答案】 :医生说我无法康复了 练习: 1.我们把车停在路边看日落。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 一度他病得很厉害,但还是熬了过来。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 正是这种精神使他们熬过了战争时期最黑暗的年代。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 例题 5. it is believed that …(People believe that …) 【题目】 :It is believed that any village that did not give food would have bad luck. 【对应知识点】 :it is belived/ said/ reported/ thought/ supposed/ generally considered ?that?. 【解题思路】 :“It is +过去分词+that –clause”, it 为形式主语,that 引导主语从句。 【解法与答案】 :人们相信,任何一个不给食物的村子都会有厄运。 练习: 1. 人们相信这个故事是真实的。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 据报道说有三人在这次事故中丧生。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 人们建议采取措施防止污染。
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高三秋季课程 (上) _________________________________________________________________________________ 例题 6. suggest 【题目】 :Tom, can you suggest any good books for my project? 【对应知识点】 :suggest vt. suggest doing / suggest that / suggest sth; it is suggested that ?(有人提 议) 【解题思路】 :注意 suggest 接从句和接宾语的用法区别;除此之外,suggest 还有暗示的意思。 【解法与答案】 :汤姆,你能提供一些和我做的项目有关的好参考书吗? 练习: 1. 他建议出去走走。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 我建议你在签字之前检查一下所列信息。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 凯瑟琳建议问问爸爸的意见。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. 那个姑娘被晒黑了的脸表明她身体非常健康。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 想到夏天,就使人联想到游泳。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 例题 7. combine 【题目】 :?combining classical music with Chinese folk music. 【对应知识点】 :combine?with/ and?.把?与?.结合 【解题思路】 : combine: to become united 【解法与答案】 :?把中国民间音乐和古典音乐结合。 练习: 1. 兼有艺术和运动的舞蹈艺术是极具有创新意义的。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 节食与运动相结合才会更有效。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 使氢氧化合。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 例题 8. 使动词 leave 【题目】 :Qi Baishi’s styles of painting often leaves the audience guessing??
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高三秋季课程 (上) 【对应知识点】 :leave sb. doing sth / leave sth. undone / leave sb. to do sth / leave sth. to be done 【解题思路】 : leave sb. doing 让某人一直做某事; leave sth undone 留下某事未做; leave sb. to do sth.留下某人做某事;leave sth. to be done 留下某事要做。 【解法与答案】 :齐白石的绘画作品常给观赏者留出运用想象力解读其内涵的余地。 练习: 1. 他走了,留下我一个人做剩余的所有工作。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 我们匆匆忙忙地结束了会议,留下了很多问题等待解决。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 别让她在外边雨中等着。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 4. 千万别让孩子在没人照看的情况下在水边玩。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 例题 9. add 【题目】 :Chen adds a lot of detail to the fan and the cloth of her dress, ? 【对应知识点】 :add 的用法。add in 算入; 包括;add on 加到上; 附加; 包;add to 增加, 加到; add up 加起来, 总计; 和预期产总数相等; add up to 总计共达; (总起来看)等于说; 意味着 【解法与答案】 :陈逸飞在她的扇子上合裙子的布料上加入了很多细节。 练习: 1. 你想把自己的名字添到名单里吗? _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 这部电影赚了不少眼泪 _________________________________________________________________________________ 例题 10. use 【题目】 :?Alains Morissette, is used to being in the public eye. 【对应知识点】 :be used to do sth. 被用来做某事; be/ get used to doing /sth 习惯做某事; used to do sth 曾经做过某事;used to be sth 曾是某物 【解法与答案】 :?阿兰妮丝·莫里塞特习惯于公众的关注。 练习: 1. 这块木头可以用来做成桌子。 _________________________________________________________________________________
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高三秋季课程 (上) 2. 我以前常早起。 _________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 我习惯于早睡早起。 _________________________________________________________________________________

2. 语法 1)时态语态
例题: --Why, Jack, you look so tired! –Well, I ____ the house and I must finish the work tomorrow. A. was painting B. will be painting C. have painted D. have been painting

【对应知识点】 时态语态,考查过去进行式、将来进行式和完成进行式的区别。 【解题思路】本题考查动词时态。根据句意可知应采用现在完成进行时态,强调动作一直在延 续。A 为过去进行时,表示过去某时间或过去某阶段内动作正在进行;B 项伟将来进行时,表 示将来某时刻动作正在进行;C 项伟现在完成时态,强调过去的动作对现在的影响,均不符合 语境,课排除。 【解法与答案】D 课堂训练: 1. Barbara is easy to recognize as she‘s the only one of the women who _____ evening dress. A. wear B. wears C. has worn D. have worn

2. Linda, make sure the tables _____ before the guests arrive. A. be set B. se C. are set D. are setting

3. Excuse me. I _____ I was blocking your way. A. didn‘t realize B. don‘t realize C. haven‘t realized D. wasn‘t realizing

4. Up to now, the program ____ thousands of children who would otherwise have died. A. would save B. saves C. had saved D. has saved

5. We ____ on this project for four hours. Let‘s have a rest. A. are working B. have been working C. worked D. had worked

2)定语从句
例题: As a child, Jack studied in a village school, _____ is named after his grandfather. A. which B. where C. what D. that

【对应知识点】 本题考查定语从句。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 【解题思路】本题考查非限定性定语从句。先行词是 a village school, 代入定语从句后为 The village school is named after his grandfather.由此可见先行词在定语从句中做主语,且该从句为非 限定性定语从句,所以用 which 引导。 【解法与答案】A. 小时候,杰克在一所乡村学校读书,那所学校是以他祖父的名字命名的。 课堂训练: 1. The girl arranged to have piano lessons at the training centre with her sister ____ she would stay for an hour. A. where B. who C. which D.what

2. Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet ____ life has developed gradually. A. that B. where C. which D. whose

3. I‘ve become good friends with several of the students in my school _____ I met in the English speech contest last year. A. who B. where C. when D. which

4. After graduating from college, I took some time off to go travelling, ______ turned out to be a wise decision. A. that B. which C. when D. where

5. In China, the number of cities is increasing _____ development is recognized across the world. A. where B. which C. whose D. that

3)状语从句
例题: 【题目】He combined Chinese folk music with classical music because he wanted to try something new. 【选题意图 (对应知识点) 】 本题考查原因状语从句, 引导原因状语从句的连词有: because/ for/ as/ since/ now that/ seeing that/considering that…etc. 状语从句是由一个连词引导的句子在句中做 状语,可用来表示时间、地点、原因、目的、结果、方式、让步、条件、比较等,其每一种状 语从句都有其对应的连词(参加大图系) 。 【解题思路】首先要判断该句属于什么状语从句,其次根据我们对每个连词的理解作出准确的 判断,选出正确的答案。 【解法与答案】他把中国的民间音乐和古典音乐结合起来,因为他想要尝试一些新的东西。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 课堂训练: 1.____ he has limited technical knowledge, the old worker has a lot of experience. A. Since A. Unless A. whether A. once A. Although B. Unless B. Because B. until B. while B. when C. As C. Although C. if C. as C. Unless D. Although D. When D. unless D. unless D. Until

2. ____ you‘ve tried it, you can‘t imagine how pleasant it is. 3. In time of serious addcidents, ____ we know some basic things about first aid, we can save lives. 4. Schools in the north tend to be well equipped, _____ those in the south are relatively. 5. _____ I noticed the puzzled look on his face, I realized that he didn‘t understand me.

3.阅读欣赏 (状语从句理解与感悟)
Music has always been part of Kong‘s world. As his mother was a great music lover, he lived with music from birth. But it wasn‘t always easy for the young Kong Xiangdong. His mother couldn’t buy him a piano until he was seven. She had to draw piano keys on a piece of paper so that he could learn to play as early as possible. The 5-year-old Kong would practise on the paper piano as his mother clapped the rhythm. He was made to practise the piano so much that, at times, he thought about giving up. However, he didn‘t quit, and he became a great pianist. In 1986, at the age of 18, he became the youngest prize winner in Moscow‘s Tchaikovsky International Competition. He went on to win awards in competitions across the world. Because of Kong’s talent and hard work, he became famous worldwide. But after years of performing, he felt that in some ways he had lost his identity. This is why he went back to this roots and rediscovered that beauty in Chinese folk music. He began experimenting with different styles and his Dream Tour Concert is the result.

三、课后自我检测

A 类题:
1. 单项填空 1). If ______ weather forecast is good, my friends and I will drive to the countryside for _____ weekend break.
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高三秋季课程 (上) A. the; the B. the; a C. a; the D.a; a

2). ----Why did you leave that position? A. offer B. offered

----I _____ a better position at IBM. C. am offered D. was offered

3). No one will _____ the prize if they don‘t make great contributions. A. give B. have given C. be given D. be giving

4). I‘m sorry to have ______ so much of your time. See you later. A. put up B. kept up C. given up D. taken up

5). With nobody to _____, he decided to do it on his own. A. depend on 2.完型填空 When I was younger, bedtime was always my favorite part of the day. _6__ soft pajamas and with Ian, my__7__ monkey, in my arms, I felt happy. I named Ian after my uncle when I 8 Ian‘s long arms and legs to his. When I told Uncle Ian I had B. get on C. switch on D. keep on

named my monkey after __9__, his eyebrows wrinkled in confusion, then laughed __10__. I guess he didn‘t understand how important it was to me. ___11_ Uncle Ian didn‘t think my monkey special, I certainly did. I dressed him __12_ a white baby dress. My mother thought that Ian was the __13_ animal in the world. Yes, he was certainly a fashionable __14__. The strong cologne I used on him years ago makes him still __15__ ―pretty‖. For a long time, Ian went _16__ with me. He was my best friend, and I __17__ him everything. But when I turned twelve, I __18_ I was too old for toy animals. I thought people would __19__ I was babyish, so I put him in the cupboard with the __20__ of my toys. I begged him to __21___ why I was doing this, but __22__ I expected to talk to him again. It took me several years to realize that it was OK to_23___ Ian. I know now that maturity doesn‘t only mean growing up and __24___ more responsibilities. It also means holding on to you childhood and acting __25___ sometimes. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. Putting on baby measured him angrily Even if for worst-treated machine B. B. B. B. B B B. B. B. Wearing lovely compared it naturally As on best-dressed person C. C. C. C. C. C C. C. C.
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Playing with toy connected his completely In case in bad-behaving creature

D. D. D. D. D. D D. D. D.

Sleeping favorite preferred that loudly Because with good-looking tool

高三秋季课程 (上) 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. look along bought recognized think majority support at the same time invent taking in clever B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B B. B B. taste somewhere told remembered laugh rest explain once upon a time discover taking up young C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C C. C C. sound away helped realized remind member care every now and then miss taking over quick D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D D. D D. smell everywhere wished learned feel equipment understand for the first time abandon taking on Reasonable

3.阅读理解 Last week my youngest son and I visited my father at his new home in Tucson, Arizona. He moved there a few years ago, and I was eager to see his new place and meet his friends. My earliest memories of my father are of a tall, handsome, successful man devoted to his work and family, but uncomfortable with his children. As a child I loved him; as a school girl and young adult I feared him and felt bitter about him. He seemed unhappy with me unless I got straigh A‘s and unhappy with my boyfriends if their fathers were not as ―successful‖ as he was. Whenever I went out with him on weekends, I used to struggle to think up things to say, feeling on guard. On the first day of my visit, we went out with one of my father‘s friends for lunch at an outdoor cafe. We walked along that afternoon, did some shopping, ate on the street table, and laughed over my son‘s funny facial expressions. Gone was my father‘s critical air and strict rules. Who was this person I knew as my father, who seemed so friendly and interesting to be around? What had held him back before? The next day my dad pulled out his childhood pictures and told me quite a few stories about his own childhood. Although our times together became easier over the years, I never felt closer to him at that moment. After so many years, I‘m at last seeing another side of my father. And in so doing, I‘m delighted with my new friend. My dad, in his new home in Arizona, is back to me from where he was. Questions: 26. Why did the author feel bitter about her father as a young adult? A. He was silent most of the time. C. He did not love his children. B. He was too proud of himself. D. He expected too much of her.

27. When the author went out with her father on weekends, she would feel _____. A. nervous A. More critical B. sorry C. tired B. More talkative
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D. safe

28. What does the author think of her father after her visit to Tuscon?

高三秋季课程 (上) C. Gentle and friendly D. Strict and hard-working

29. The under lined words ―my new friend‖ in the last paragraph refer to _______. A. the author‘s son C. the friend of the author‘s father 4. 翻译练习 1. 一些专家预测网上购物将会迅猛发展。 Some experts predict that _______________ a huge growth in shopping ____________________. 2. 我个人认为,随着因特网的发展,人们的通讯方式将会有很大的改变。 ____________, I think that people‘s ___________________ will be changed greatly with the __________ of the Internet. 3. 人们认为奥克兰市新西兰最具有活力的城市。 Auckland ___________ the most exciting city in New Zealand. 4. 与芭蕾舞相比,我更喜欢传统的民族舞蹈。 I _________ traditional folk dances ____________ ballet. 5. 尽管音乐厅很冷,但是观众还是欣赏孙楠的演唱。 ____________ the concert hall was cold, the audience ____________ Sun Nan‘s ___________. B. the author‘s father D. the cafe owner

B 类题
1. 单项填空 1. Children at the beginning of this century _____ a lot and ______ themselves greatly even without television. A. used to read; enjoying C. were used to reading; enjoy B. used to read; enjoy D. were used to read; enjoy

2. It is known to all that _____ you exercise regularly, you won‘t keep good health. A. unless B. whenever C. although D. if

3. The bus _____ some passengers at the stop and drove off. A. picked out B. picked on C. picked D. picked up

4. What you have done will not have ______ your fame. A. a good effect in C. affected on B. a good affect on D. a good effect on
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高三秋季课程 (上) 5. I ______ in the house which ______ books and magazines. A. am used to live; use to keeping B. used to live; has been used to keeping C. have been used to living; was used to keep D. was used to live; was used to keep 参考答案:BADDC 2.完型填空 The first day of school we were challengedd to get to know a new classmate. I gentle hand touched my shoulder. I found a little 7 lady with a warm smile. 8 . ―Of 6 around when a

She said, ―Hi! I‘m Rose. I‘m 87 years old. Can I give you a hug?‖ I laughed an d heartily course!‖ ―Why are you in college at such a young, innocent age?‖ I asked. She around.‖ ―No 10 .‖ I asked. I was curious why she 12 11 this challenge at this age. 9

replied, ―I‘m here to meet a rich husband, get married, have children, and then travel

―I always instant friends. 13

having a college education and now I‘m getting one!‖ she told me. We became

. Rose became a campus icon(偶像) and she easily made friends wherever she went. She 14 from the other students.

loved to dress up and she enjoyed the

At the end of the semester we invited Rose to speak at our football banquet. I‘ll never forget what she 15 us. ―We do not stop playing because we are old; we grow old secrets to staying 17 . You have to laugh and find 19 16 we stop playing. Here are the

18 every day. You‘ve got to have a dream.

When you lose your dreams, you die. ―There is a huge doesn‘t 21 20

we have many people like this walking around!‖ she said.

between growing older and growing up. Anybody can grow older. That 22 the opportunity in

any talent or ability,‖ she added. ―But growing up requires 23

change. Have no do.‖

. The elderly usually don‘t regret what they did, but rather things they did not

One week after graduation that year, Rose died peacefully in her sleep. She taught us never too 6 7 8 A A A 25 stopped old added to be all you can possibly be. B B B showed exciting claimed
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24

that it‘s

C C C

asked stange responded

D D D

looked nervous offered

高三秋季课程 (上) 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A slowly seriously took up dreamed to Over the year jokes inspired when young goals Unfortunately division use winning doubts at last late B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B B jokingly wisely put up looked forward to All of a sudden questions taught because healthy humor Naturally Change take Improving fear by herself old C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C C funnily really took on looked up to Once again attention requested so growing meaning Generally cross compare meeting regrets by example early D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D simply secretly put on dreamed of As usual followers Lectured Although developing inspirations Fairly difference prefer finding worry in practice young

参考答案:6-10 DACBA 3.阅读理解 Open Letter to an Editor

11-15 CDACB

16-20 BABAD

21-25 BDCCA

I had an interesting conversation with a reporter recently-- -one who works for you. In fact, he‘s one of your best reporters. He wants to leave. Your reporter gave me a copy of his resume (简历) and photocopies of six stories that he wrote for you. The headlines showed you played them proudly. With great enthusiasm, he talked about how he finds issues (问题), approaches them, and writes about them, which tells me he is one of your best. I‘m sure you would hate to lose him. Surprisingly, your reporter is not unhappy. In fact, he told me he really likes his job. He has a great assignment (分工), and said you run a great paper. It would be easy for you to keep him, he said. He knows that the paper values him. He appreciates the responsibility you‘ve given him, takes ownership of his profession, and enjoys his freedom. So why is he looking for a way out? He talked to me because he wants his editors to demand so much more of him. He wants to be pushed, challenged, coached to new heights. The reporter believes that good stories spring from good questions, but his editors usually ask how long the story will be, when it will be in, where it can play, and what the budget is.

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高三秋季课程 (上) He longs for conversations with an editor who will help him turn his good ideas into great ones. He wants someone to get excited about what he‘s doing and to help him turn his story idea upside down and inside out, exploring the best ways to report it. He wants to be more valuable for your paper. That‘s what you want for him, too, isn‘t it? So your reporter has set me thinking. Our best hope in keeping our best reporters, copy editors, photographers, artists---everyone--is to work harder to make sure they get the help they are demanding to reach their potential. If we can‘t do it, they‘ll find someone who can. 26. What does the writer think of the reporter? A. Optimistic. B. Imaginative. C. Ambitious. D. Proud.

27. What does the reporter want most from his editors in their talks? A. Finding the news value of his stories. C. Helping him to find issues. 28. Who probably wrote the letter? A. An editor. B. An artist. C. A reporter. D. A reader. B. Giving him financial support. D. Improving his good ideas.

29. The letter aims to remind editors that they should A. keep their best reporters at all costs B. give more freedom to their reporters C. be aware of their reporters‘ professional development D. appreciate their reporters‘ working styles and attitudes 参考答案:26-29 CDAC 4. 翻译练习 1. 他每天都得练习跑步。他太累了,他想放弃。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ 2. 那场音乐会太美妙了,我想再去听一次。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ 3. 屋子里只剩下他一个人在深思着。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. 他的作品常常给观众留出猜想的余地,使他们运用自己的想象力。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ 5. 他向我展示了一幅表现中国传统节日的画。 ______________________________________________________________________________________

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高三秋季课程 (上)

C 类题
1. 单项填空 1. The doctors and nurses are always _____ in white. A. dressing B. wearing C. having on D. dressed

2. Amazing, isn‘t it? _____ housemaid has turned _____ general manageress! A. The; a B. A; a C. The; / D. A; the

3. He is such a clever boy _____ everyone likes. A. as B. that C. which D. it

4. If city noises ______ from increasing, people _____ shout to be heard even at the dinner table 20 years from now. A. are not kept; will have to C. are not kept; have to B. are not kept; have to D. do not keep; have to

5. he asked _____ and _____. I answered both honestly. A. what the matter was; what my name was B. what is the matte; what is my name C. what was matter ; what my name was D. what was the matter; what my name was 2.完型填空 Small moments sometimes last a very long time. And a few words… though they mean time to the people who say them …can have great power. I recently heard a story from Malcolm Dalkoff, who has been a professional years, mostly in advertising. As a boy, Dalkoff was terribly shy and 8 . He had few friends and so self-confidence. Then one day, 9 7 for the last 24 6 at the

his high-school English teacher, Ruth Brauch, asked the class to write their own chapter that would

the last chapter of the novel since they had been reading To Kill a Mockingbird. Dalkoff wrot his chapter and turned it in. Today he cannot recall anything Brauch gave him. 12 10 about the chapter he wrote, or what 11 Mrs.

, what he does remember is the four words in the paper: ―This is good writing.‖ his life.

Four words. They 13

― 14 I read those words, I had no idea of who I was or what I was going to be,‖ he said. ―After reading her 15 , I went home and wrote a short story, 17 I could do.‖
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16 I had always dreamed of doing but never

高三秋季课程 (上) 18 the rest of that year in school, he wrote many short stories and always brought them to Mrs. Brauch for 19 , ―She was encouraging, helpful and honest. She was just what I needed‖ Dalkoff said. Later he was 20 as a co-editor of his high-school newspaper. His 21 grew; his knowledge 23 that none of this would

broadened; he 22 on a successful life with great achievements. Dalkoff have happened if that woman had not written those four words.

For his 30th high-school reunion, Dalkoff went back and visited Mrs. Brauch, who had retired, he told her what great 24 the four words had had upon his life and because she had given him the confidence to 25 that confidence on to the woman who would become his wife, who

be a writer, he had been able to became a writer herself. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. much reporter slow follow pleasant help Therefore improved Until chapter everything meant With appreciation chosen excitement kept up realized progress hold B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B.

little designer independent change important encouragement However developed After novel something doubted Beyond changing regarded confidence caught up wished success bring

C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C C. C. C.

well writer troublesome connect different grade Meanwhile changed Since note nothing proved Over information considered determine started off expected courage pass

D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D D. D. D.

ill teacher helpless expect special words Besides enriched While explanation anything believed From instruction treated experience showed off dreamed effect carry.

3.阅读理解 C Thousands of people living in the Chinese capital will celebrate the start of the Chinese New year by heading for the ski resorts (滑雪场). Never mind that Beijing's dry weather seldom produces snow. It is cold enough in winter for snow-making machines to make a covering for the hills north to the capital. And the rapid growth of a pleasure-seeking middle class has formed the basis for this new craze(热潮)
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高三秋季课程 (上) Since Beijing's first ski resort was opened ten years ago, the sport has enjoyed astonishing increase. There are now more than a dozen resorts. Clothes markets in the city have added bright colored ski suits to their winter collections. Mr. Wei, a manager of a newly-opened ski resort in Beijing, sees the growth of an industry that could soon lead Chinese to head for the ski resorts of Europe, In recent years ski resorts offering natural snow have opened in China. But many are in faraway areas of the country and can't really match the equipment and services of some ski resorts in Europe. Beijing's skiing craze is partly a result of the recent increase in private (私有的) cars. This has led to the growth of a Ieisure industry in the capital's suburbs ( 郊区 ), which until the late-1990s were unreachable to ordinary people, According to Mr, Wei, about 40% of the visitors to his resort come in their own cars. The rest are bused in by schools, businesses or government Offices. The problem is making money. Starting ski resorts requires quite a lot of money; hiring land from the local government, preparing the hills, buying snow machines, making sure there are enough water and electricity to run them, and buying ski equipment for hiring out to customers. The ski resort where Mr. Wei works cost nearly $4m to set up. And. as so often in China when someone comes up with a good idea, many others hash in and price wars break out. Beijing now offers some of the cheapest ski training classes in the world, though with most people rather new to the sport, expecting a few more doing the same job. 26. What does this text mainly talk about? A. Convenience for skiers brought about by private cars. B. Skiing as a new way of enjoying one's spare time. C. Things to be considered when starting a ski resort. D. A sudden increase of ski training classes in Beijing. 27. Why are some Chinese likely to go skiing in Europe? A. To visit more ski areas. C. For a large collection of ski suits. B. To ski on natural snow. D. For better services and equipment.

28. The underlined words "leisure industry" in Paragraph 3 refer to A. transport to ski resorts B. production of family cars

C. business of providing spare time enjoyments D part-time work for people living in the suburbs 29. What is the main problem in running a ski resort? A. Difficulty in hiring land. C. Price wars with other ski resorts, 4. 书面表达 假设你是李华,你的美国笔友 Peter 层表示希望来中国教书。你校现在需招聘外教,请给他写封 信,告知招聘信息。内容主要包括:
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B. Lack of business experience. D. Shortage of water and electricity,

高三秋季课程 (上) 1.教授课程:英语口语、英语写作、今日美国、今日英语等 2.授课对象:高中生(至少三年英语基础) 3.工作量: —每周 12 学时,任选三门课 —担任学生英语俱乐部或英语校报顾问(advisor) 注意: 1.字数 100 左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.开头语已为你写好,请将完整的回信书写在答题卡上。 *********************************************************************** Dear Peter, I remember you told me you were interested in teaching in China._________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ Best, Li Hua

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高三秋季课程 (上)

第四讲

必修三复习

一、知识梳理
1. 词汇短语归纳 1) 重点单词
participate 参加 evaluate 评估、评价 arrange 安排、准备 sign 符号、记号 hunt 打猎、猎杀 collection 收集、收取 spirit 精神 frightening 骇人的 persuade 说服、劝服 eventually 最终 终于 apologize 道歉 pollute 使污染 industrial 工业的 agricultural 农业的 Handle 对付 ban 禁止 amazing 令人吃惊的 ferry 渡船 pedestrian 行人 jam 交通阻塞、塞车 benefit 得益、好处 actually 实际地、真实地 therefore 所以、因此 solution 答案、解决办法 intelligence 智力、理解力 intelligent 有才智的、理解力强的 energetic 有活力的 discovery 发现 educate 教育 up-to-date 现代的、新式的 attraction 吸引人的地方/事物 discount 折扣、减价 trick 戏法、把戏 melt 融化、熔化 measure 度量、测量 horrible 可怕的 令人厌恶的 float 浮 漂 terrify 令人感到恐惧 escape 逃脱、逃跑 terror 恐怖、恐惧 soul 灵魂 survive 幸存、生存下来 recover 痊愈、康复 scream 尖声喊叫、惊呼 sink 下沉、沉没 neighbourhood 街坊、邻近地区
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高三秋季课程 (上) convenient 方便的、便利的 flat 崎平的 2) 重点短语 fill out 填写 according to 根据、依照 get into trouble 陷入麻烦 陷入困境 make it to 到达 in search of 寻找、寻求 make a living 谋生 watch out 小心 all at once 突然、忽然 pick up 取、接载 take off 起飞 in order to 为了(某一目的) turn up 出现、到场 back out 决定不履行(承诺) get across 使理解(某事) in turn 轮流 put into prison 关进监狱 on one's way 在途中 break down 损坏、不能运转 run out of 用完 耗尽 compare to 把……比作 fed up 在途中 stand by 坚持(某种)说法 go down 下降 rely on 依赖 pull up(车辆)停止、停车 pull out(火车)驶离车站 so far 迄今为止 take place 发生 go up 上升 on average 通常 travel across 旅游过 be confused by 被 .…..迷惑 be impressed by 被 ……感动 confuse with 混淆 carry on 继续 bring up 价格上涨 even though 即使 burn down 烧毁 be addicted to 对……上瘾 manage to do sth 成功做…… break out 突发、爆发 a large quantity of 大量的 take pride in 因……骄傲 be occupied in 忙于某事 be suited for 适合…… get stuck 被困住 wherever 无论在何处 thief 贼、小偷

2. 重点语法
1)形容词副词 i. 比较等级的构成
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高三秋季课程 (上) 形容词/副词比较级形式一般是由―形容词/副词+er‖构成; 形容词/副词最高级形式一般由―形词/副词+est‖构成。 另外,多音节和部分双音节形容词则在词前加上 more 和 most 构成比较级和最高级。 如:careful-more careful-most careful 等。 有些形容词/副词的等级变化则是不规则变化,必须熟记。 如:good/well-better-best;little-less-lest;bad/badly/ill-worse-worst 等。 ii. 比较级的修饰语

强调比较程度时, 形容词/副词前一般可加上 too, very, so, quite 等。 比较级前则要加上 much, even, a little,a lot,still,a bit 等词(组)表示程度。如:This bag is a bit heaver.这个袋子有点重。 iii. 1.表示相等 As…as―与…..同样…..‖,用于肯定比较。 Not as /so …..as―与…….不一样……‖用于否定比较。 如:I am not so/as fat as you.我没你那么胖 2.than 比较级用于二者的比较 3.形容词最高级前要加定冠词 the,后面要用介词 of 或 in 的表示范围的短语。最高级的主语要在比 较范围之内。如:This bike is the newest of all. 4.形容词/副词的比较级和最高级句型有时可互换使用。 如:Unit 2 is the easiest of all in the book.=Unit 2 is easier than any other one in the book. 比较等级的用法

2)定语从句
◆关系代词:that/ which/ who/ whom/ whose/ as ◆关系副词: when/ where/ why ◆限定性和非限定性定语从句 ◆只能用―that‖的情况 ◆不能用 ―that‖ 的情况 ◆考点: (1) such/ so….as/ that… He is such a good boy as everyone likes.
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高三秋季课程 (上) He is such a good boy that everyone likes him. (2) 介词+关系代词:介词+ whom/ which (3) as/which 区别: (4) as 习惯用语:as anybody can see; as is known; as we expected; as often happens; as has been said before; as is mentioned; as be known/ said/ reported/ announced; as (it) seems likely, as (it) often happens, as (it) was printed out, as (it) was said earlier, as I remember (it), as I understand (it), as (it) appears (4) 定语从句中数保持一致: Titanic is one of the most wonderful movies that have been produced in Hollywood. The Great Wall is the only one of the buildings on the earth that is seen from the moon. Tom isn‘t the only one of the boys that have passed the exam.

3)时态语态
高考常考动词的时态语态 一般现在时与被动 一般过去时与被动 do / does did Will do Be going to do Be to do 一般将来时与被动 Be about to do Be doing Do / does 现在进行时与被动 过去进行时与被动 将来进行时与被动 Be going to be doing 现在完成时与被动 过去完成时与被动 现在完成进行时与被动 Have/ has done Had done Had been doing Have/ has been done Had been done Be (am/ is / are) doing Was/ were doing Will be doing Be (am/ is/ are) being done Was/ were being done be (am/ is/ are) done be (was / were ) done Will be done Be going to be done be done

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高三秋季课程 (上)

二、课堂精讲例题

1.三位一体(单词、短语、句型)
例题 1.long before 【题目】 :They achieved this long before Columbus ever set sail. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :long before 与 before long 的用法区别,时态问题 【解题思路】 :long before 表过去的时间,在句中应该使用过去时态;before long 表将来的 时间,所以用在将来时态中。 【解析】 :他们到达这儿,很明显是一个过去的时间,所以用表示过去时的―long before‖. 【解法与答案】 :早在哥伦布起航之前他们就到那里了。 练习: 1. 在不久的将来他会是一名出色的医生。 2. 很久以前,爷爷喜欢冬泳。 答案: 1. He will be a famous doctor before long. 2. Long before, my grandfather used to like swimming in winter. 例题 2. get into trouble 【题目】 :Hanging about with some rascals in the neighborhood got him into trouble and went to the prison at last. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :get into(1)惹上麻烦 (2)陷入,染上,进入特殊状态(3) 学会,懂得 【解题思路】 :get into 常用的几个意思 【解法与答案】 :他整天与一些流氓在小区里闲荡这使他陷入麻烦,进了监狱。 练习: 1. 他酒劲发作了经常发怒。 2. 他养成了每天早起的好习惯。 答案: 1. The wine got into his head,which often got him into a rage. 2. He got into a good habit of getting up early every morning.
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高三秋季课程 (上) 例题 3. in addition (to) 【题目】 :In addition to the supplies for the long journeys .the ships carried gold ,silver,silk,china and other treasures to give as gifts to the rulers of the neighbouring countries. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :在写作文时,此结构用在列举平行观点时,类似于 :what‘s more ;moreover. 【解题思路】 :意思是―此外;还‖ 【解法与答案】 :除漫长旅途所需的物质外,穿上还装有金银,丝绸,瓷器和其他宝物,作 为送给邻国统治者的礼物。 练习: 1. 为我的野餐妈妈给我准备了三明治还有一袋饼干。 2. ---现在跟我去看电影好吗? ---很抱歉,今天这么冷我不想去。再说雨还下得这么大。 3.森林可以为我们提供新鲜的空气,除此以外,它还可以阻止风沙侵蚀土壤。 答案: 1 Mom gave me sandwiches for my picnic and a bag of cookies in addition. 2. -Will you go to the cinema with me now? -I‘m sorry I won‘t .It is so cold today. In addition,it is raining so hard。 3.The forest can provide us with fresh air,in addition it can prevent the wind from blowing the earth away. 例题 4. manage to do sth. 【题目】 :In 28 years of traveling ,he had managed to share the glory of China with many different countries. 详解: , 如: I managed to finish my homework in an hour.一个小时之内我就完成了作业。 如: I have to manage with ten dollars till payday.我必须用 10 美元支撑到发薪水的日子。 辨析:manage to do 和 try to do 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :manage to do sth. 与 try to do sth. 的区别 【解题思路】 :manage 作动词,意思是―设法对付;处理;能应付‖ ;短语 manage with sth 表 示―设法用……完成‖。 manage to do 相当于 succeed in doing ―设法做成‖,强调结果。 另外,Try to do ―尽力去做‖强调动作,而结果不明确。 【解法与答案】 :在长达 28 年得旅行中,他成功地与其他国家的人们分享中国的光辉。 练习:
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高三秋季课程 (上) 1. 他在没有什么帮助的情况下设法完成了工作。 (完成) 2.他尽量在没有什么帮组的情况下完成工作。 (不知完成与否) 3.他尽力想爬上树,但是没能成功。 4. 我设法在结婚前把债还清了。 答案: 1. He managed to get the work done with little help. 2. He tried to get the work done with little help. 3. He tried to climb the tree but he failed. 4. I managed to pay off all my debts before we got married. 例题 5. turn up 【题目】 :Don‘t bother to look for my umbrella,it will turn up somewhere . 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :辨析 turn up 和 show up 【解题思路】 :turn up 侧重从无到有的变化,即从看不见到出现在视野里。Show up 意思 是―露面‖ ,如在某个时间里有没有在场等,不强调从无到有的变化。 【解法与答案】 :别费心找我的伞了,它会自己出来的。 练习: 1.在实验中,这个小点慢慢出现了。 2.鲍勃一向喜欢参加这样的活动,但今天却没有露面。 答案: 1. The small spot gradually turned up in this experiment. 2. Bob is always ready to take part in the party like this, but he didn‘t show up today. 例题 6. so+助动词+主语 【题目】 :John began to study French last Sunday,_______. A. his brother did so B. so did his brother C. so his brother did D. his brother so did 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :―so+助动词+主语‖的倒装句 【解题思路】 :B 表示―某人做什么,另一个人也是如此‖用―so+助动词+主语‖的倒装句形式。 而不倒装时,句意完全不一样,表示强调。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 【解法与答案】 :约翰上星期天开始学法语,他弟弟也是。 练习: 1.---我觉得兔子真是一种漂亮,温顺而且能跑得很快的动物。 ---确实是啊。 2.---我喜欢音乐。 ---我也是。 答案: 1. ---Well .I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast. ---So it is. 2. ---I like music. 例题 7.only 【题目】 :I failed in the final examination last term and only then ____ the importance of studies. A. I realized B . I had realized C . had I realized D. did I realized ---So do I .

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :only 后面跟副词,状语从句或介宾短语时,句子需要倒装 【解题思路】 :D then 即为 failed in the final examination 之时,应用一般过去时,故排除 B、C 两项。Only then 作状语置于句首,起强调作用,句子要部分倒装,可排除 A 项。 【解法与答案】 :我上个学期没有通过期末考试,那个时候我才意识到学习的重要性。 练习: 1. 只有用这种办法才能解决问题 2.只有在困境时才能看到朋友的真心。 答案: 1. Only in this way can we solve the problem. 2. Only when you are in great trouble, you‘ll know the true heart of your friend. 例题 8. as 【题目】 :He was strongly against the plan as could be expected. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :as 用法及特点 【解题思路】 第一个用法:1.引导定语从句并在从句中做主语、宾语或表语 2.引导的定语从句既可以在句首也可以在句尾 3.含有一定的意思,―正如…‖, ―象…(一样的)‖ 第二个用法: 1.引导定语从句并在从句中做主语、宾语或表语
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高三秋季课程 (上) 2. 先行词被 the same , such 修饰 【解法与答案】 :正如预想的一样,他强烈反对这项计划。 练习: 1.正如大家看到的,他做了他做了他应该做的。 2.我遇到了和你一样的麻烦。 3.他提到的这些观点应当被讨论。 答案: 1. As everybody can see, he has done what he should do. 2. I have the same trouble as you (have). 3. Such views as he has mentioned should be discussed. 例题 9. It was…that 【题目】 :It was predicted as early as the 1700s that English would one day be the global language. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :强调句的用法 【解题思路】 :本句话强调时间状语,所以―早在 18 世纪‖应当是被强调的部分 【解法与答案】 :早在 18 世纪人们就预言英语有一天会成为全球性语言。 练习: 1.昨天他父亲才把真相告诉他,这对他真是一个令人吃惊的消息。 2.他只有靠大声叫喊才能使河对岸的人们听到他的声音。 答案: 1. It is only yesterday that his father told him the truth, which was a big surprise. 2. It is only by shouting that he was able to make people on the other side of the river hear him. 例题 10. To stay dedicated 【题目】 :To stay dedicated, you need to keep in mind why you are learning English. 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 :动词不定式的用法 【解题思路】 :为了……,是表目的的状语,属于非谓的一种形式。另外,动词不定式还可 以作主语,宾语,表语等等。 【解法与答案】 :为了保持这种热忱,你需要牢记你为什么学习英语。 练习: 1.为了过上更美好的生活,他努力工作。 2.眼见为实。
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高三秋季课程 (上) 答案: 1. To creat a bright future, he work hard. 2. To see is to believe.

2. 语法 1)形容词副词
【题目】——What do you think of the concert? ——I really enjoy it. I didn't expect it was ____ wonderful. A. as B. more C. most D. very

【解题思路】这是一个省略句,承接上文,省略了 as I had thought。 【解法与答案】A

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)–Volunteering is becoming others is helping themselves. A. naturally driving, which was once a A. general B. successfully C. splendidly D. increasingly ( 2 ) Drunk popular in China.--Yeah, people are now aware that helping

occurrence, is now under control. B. frequent C. normal D. particular (3) _______, she is

the sort of woman to spread sunshine to people through her smile A. Shy and cautious C. Honest and confident (4) Father A. hardly B. Sensitive and thoughtful D. Lighthearted and optimistic

goes to the gym with us although he dislikes going there. B. seldom C. sometimes D. never

(5) Computers and mobile phones, though they are indeed making our life ___ and more ___, have reduced the need for face-to-face communications. A easily; efficient 【参考答案】DBDCB B easier; efficient C easy; efficiently D easily; efficiently

2)时态语态
例题一、

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高三秋季课程 (上) 【题目】–Guess what, we‘ve got our visas for a short-term visit to the UK this summer. --How nice! You a different culture then. A. will be experiencing will haveexperienced 【解题思路】考查将来进行时 --猜猜看,我们已经得到了今年夏天去香港的短期签证 --太棒了,你到时候将会感受到不同的文化 【解法与答案】A B. have experienced C. have been experiencing D.

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1)We were all surprised when he made it clear that he ____ office soon. A.leaves B.would leave C.left D.had left

(2)— Alice, why didn't you come yesterday? — I ____ ,but I had an unexpected visitor. A.had B.would C.was going to D.did

(3) The old man _____ two days after he had been sent to hospital. A. died B. would die C. had died D. has died

(4) Old McDonald gave up smoking for a while, but soon ______ to his old ways. A. returned B. returns C. was returning D. had returned

(5) I _____ my son _____ a doctor, but he wasn‘t good enough at science. A. hoped; would become C. had hoped; will become 例题二、 【题目】A special dinner there might include Chinese pork dish, British roast beef and French-style vegetables. Boiled rice ____ just about everything. A. is served with B. will serve C. serves with D. is served B. had hoped; would become D. hope; will become

【解题思路】根据句子的意思,表示一种经常性的生活方式,故须用一般现在时;从主语与动 词的关系来看,须用被动语态;再根据动词的搭配,不管什么菜都供应米饭,应该接介词 with, 于是,本题的正确答案为 A。 【解法与答案】A
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高三秋季课程 (上)

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1) Every few years, the coal workers A. are having B. have their lungs X-rayed to ensure their health. C. have had D. had had

(2) The church tower which A. has restored

will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished. C. is restoring D. is being restored before D. have

B. has been restored

(3) Every year a flood of farmers arrive in Shenzhen for the money-making jobs they leaving their hometowns. A. promised B. were promised C. have promised

been promised(4) ----Were you surprised by the ending of the film? ----No, I _______the book, so I already knew the story? A. was reading B. had read C. am reading D. have read

(5) ----We‘ve spent too much money recently. ----well, it isn‘t surprising. Our friend and relatives _______around all the time A. are coming B. had come C. were coming D. have been coming

【参考答案】1-5 BDDBD

3)定语从句
例题一、 【题目】Children who are not active or A. what B. whose diet is high in fat will gain weight quickly. C. which D. that

【选题意图(对应知识点) 】 限定性定语从句的用法。让学生掌握该题型的解题思路与方法。 【解题思路】看从句缺少什么成分,决定关系副词的使用。 【解法与答案】B

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
1. The house ______the capitalist used to live in is now a nursery. A. that B. where C. what D. when

2. The result of the experiment was very good,____ we hadn‘t expected. A. when B. that C. which D. what

3. Some of the roads were flooded,______ made our journey more difficult. A. which B. it C. what D. that

4. This is the last time ______I shall come here to help you.
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高三秋季课程 (上) A.that B. which C. when D. what

5. He must be from Africa, _____ can be seen from his skin. A. that 例题二、 【题目】A terrible earthquake happened in that district at the end of 2004, ____ many countries in the world paid close attention to this. A. where B. when C. which D. what B. as C. when D. what

【解题思路】分析句子可知,关系词在此作定语,故排除选项 D;根据句子结构,先行词在从 句中作状语,从而排除选项 C;根据句子的意思可知,先行词应该是 at the end of 2004,而不是 in that district 【解法与答案】B

搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计)
(1).A good friend of mine from A. how (2) Many children, their B. whom I was born showed up at my home right before I left for Beijing. C. when D. which

parents are away working in big cities, are taken good care of in the village. A. B. whose C. of them D. with whom

(3) —What do you think of teacher ,Bob? —I find it fun and challenging. It is a job ___ you are doing something serious but interesting. A. where B. which C. when D. that they can see themselves differently. D. where name will create a picture of beautiful trees and

(4)It‘s helpful to put children in a situation A. that B. when C. which

(5) I was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, a city green grass in our mind. A. which B. of which C. that

D. whose

【参考答案】1-5CBADD 例题三、 【题目】We went through a period _____ communications were very difficult in the rural areas. A. which B. whose C. in which D. with which

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高三秋季课程 (上) 【选题意图(对应知识点) 】定语从句的用法,介词+which/ whom。让学生掌握该题型的解题思 路与方法。 【解题思路】看从句是否缺少成分,决定关系代词和关系复习的用法。 【解法与答案】C 搭配课堂训练题(和例题相一致,起到巩固的作用,数量可根据课程容量设计) (1) 14. Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degree ____they can be controlled on purpose. A. with which B. to which C. of which D. for which

(2) Eric received training in computer for one year, _____ he found a job in a big company. A. after that B. after which C. after it D. after this

(3)For many cities in the world, there is no room to spread our further, ___New York is an example. A. for which B. in which C. of which D. from which

(4).By nine o'clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolangma, ____ appeared a rare rainbow soon. A. of which B. on which C. from which D. above which

(5)I was given three books on cooking, the first _____ I really enjoyed. A. of that B. of which C. that D. which

3.阅读欣赏 (动词时态语态的理解与感悟)
Only two countries in the advanced world provide no guarantee for paid leave from work to care for a newborn child.Last spring one at the two, Australia, gave up the bad distinction by setting up paid family leave starting in 20ll.I wasn't surprised when this didn't make the news here in the United States—we're now the only wealthy country without such a policy. The United States does have one explicit family policy, the Family and Medical Leave Act, passed in 1993.It entitles workers to as much as 12 weeks' unpaid leave for care of a newborn or dealing with a family medical problem.Despite the modesty of the benefit, the Chamber of Commerce and other business groups fought it bitterly, describing it as "government-run personnel management and a "dangerous precedent(先例) . " In fact, every step of the way, as (usually) Democratic leaders have tried to incroduce work-family balance measures into the law, business groups have been strongly opposed. As Yale law professor Anne Alstott argues, justifying parental support depends on defining (定义) the family as a social good that in some sense, society must pay for.Parents are burdened in many ways in
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高三秋季课程 (上) their lives: there is ''no exit" when it comes to children.Society expects—and needs—parents to provide their children with continuity of care.And society expects—and needs—parents to persist in their roles for 18 years, or longer if needed. While most parents do this out of love, there are public punishments for not providing care.What parents do, in other words, is of deep concern to the state, for the obvious reason, that caring for children is not only morally urgent but important to the future of society. To classify parenting as a personal choice for which there is no collective responsibility is not merely to ignore the social benefits of good parenting: really, it is to steal those benefits because they accrue (累积) to the whole of society as today's children become tomorrow's citizens.In fact, by some estimates, the value of parental investments in children, investments of time and money, is equal to 20—30% of GDP.If these investments bring huge social benefits—as they clearly do—the benefits of providing more social support for the family should be that much clearer.

三、课后自我检测

A 类题 1. 单项填空
1). All the preparations for the task ____, and we‘re ready to start. A. completed B. complete C. had been completed D. have been completed

2).Last week the bus fare wan 80 pence. Now it is 90. The bus fare _____. A. goes up B. went up C. has gone up D. had gone up

3).The price ______,but I doubt whether it will remain so. A. went down B . will go down C. has gone down D. was going down

4).She _____for her boss for almost an hour ,but he still doesn‘t come A. has been waiting B. had waited C. is waiting D. waited

5). By the time you arrive home, I ____, so please don't make any noise when you come in. A. shall have been sleeping 【参考答案】DCCAD B. shall have slept C. shall sleep D. shall be sleeping

2. 完型填空
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高三秋季课程 (上) The weather was perfect. We were just out for a picnic. When lunch time came, we decided to go and _____31_____ what each of us wanted, and meet back on the grass. Susan and I headed for a hot dog stand. We watched the seller put together the hot dog. But when Susan took out her _____32_____, the man surprised us. ―It looks a little overdone,‖ he said, ―so you don‘t have to pay me.‖ We said our thanks, _____33_____ out friends and began to enjoy our food. But as we talked and ate, I noticed a man sitting alone nearby, in _____34_____ clothes. I could tell that he hadn‘t had a bath for days. Another homeless person, I thought. We finished eating but when Susan and I went to _____35_____ away the lunch bag, I heard a voice ask, ―There isn‘t any _____36_____ in that bag, is there?‖ It was the homeless man. I didn‘t know what to say. ―No, I _____37_____ it already.‖ ―Oh, really?‖ was his only answer. He was obviously very _____38_____. I felt bad for him. _____39_____ I didn‘t know what to do. Suddenly Susan said, ―I‘ll be _____40_____ back. Please‖ wait for me a minute. I watched curiously as she went across to the hot dog stand. Then I _____41_____ what she was doing. She bought a hot dog, crossed back, and gave the man the food. When she came back to us, Susan said simply. ―I was just passing on the _____42_____ that someone gave to me.‖ That day I learned how generosity can go ____43____ than the person you give to. By giving, you ____44____ others how to give also, You never know what happiness a simple ____45____ of concern will bring about. 31. A. get 32. A. present 33. A. joined 34. A. lovely 35. A. drive 36. A. food 37. A. bought 38. A cold 39. A. but 40. A. almost 41. A. remembered 42. A. devotion 43. A. quicker 44. A. offer 45. A. way B. pass B. money B. helped B. special B. throw B. water B. cooked B. nervous B. while B. still B. imagined B. kindness B. higher B. teach B. show C. drop C. key C. visited C. dirty C. wash C. cigarette C. served C hungry C. so C. just C. recognized C. pleasure C. farther C. train C. scene D. keep D. menu D. guided D popular D. pull D. medicine D. are D. crazy D. or D. right D. realized D. mercy D. deeper D. advise D. act

【参考答案】31--35ABACB 36--40 ADCAD 41--45 DBCBD

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高三秋季课程 (上)

3.阅读理解
Monday: Here I am, in the middle of nowhere.This camping trip idea is not getting off to a very good start.It's raining and the tent leaks.The hiking seemed to take forever, and I still can't understand how it could all have been up hill! How did I ever let my brother talk me into this? When we get home—if we ever get home—he's going to have to do something great to get back on my good side.Maybe he should sponsor a shopping spree (狂购) at the mall! Tuesday: Things are looking up.The sun came out today, so we were able to leave the tents and dry out.We're camped at the edge of a small lake that I couldn't see before because of the rain and fog.The mountains are all around us, and the forest is absolutely beautiful.We spent most of the day dragging out everything out of our backpacks or tents and putting it where the sun could dry it out. Later in the afternoon we tried to catch the fish for dinner, hut the fish were smarter than we were.At night we built a fire and sang songs happily. Wednesday: We hiked to the far side of the lake and climbed to the top of a small peak. From there we could see how high the other mountains were and how far the forest spread around us.On the way up we passed through a snowfield! Thursday: I caught my first fish! We followed the stream that fed the lake.After about two miles, we came to a section that Carol said looked "fishy".She had a pack rod (竿), which can be carried in a backpack. I asked to cast it, and I caught a fish on my first try. Carol caught a few more. But they were just too pretty to eat for lunch, so we put them back in the stream. Friday: I can't believe we are going home already.It will be nice to get a hot shower, sleep in a real bed, and eat junk food, but the trip has been wonderful.We're already talking about another camping adventure next year where we canoe down a river.It's hard to believe, but I think this city girl has a little country blood in her veins. 56.The writer went on this camping trip because ____ A.she enjoyed camping C.she was influenced by her brother 57.The whole morning of Tuesday, the writer ___ A.hiked along the lake C.climbed the mountain .

B.she wanted to go fishing D.lie was tired of staying home __. B.dried out her belongings D.caught the fish for dinner
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高三秋季课程 (上) 58.It can be inferred that Carol had a pack rod with her because ______. A.she could not afford to buy a regular fishing pole B.she needed it to get their main source of food C.she thought the writer of the journal might need it D.she expected to go fishing while they were hiking 59.It is likely that the writer will _____ . A.go on another camping trip B.invite Carol to go fishing together C.make her brother buy her something D.convince tier brother to go camping

4.翻译练习
1). 词典是解释词义的好书。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 2). 不管我何时遇到她,她都用甜甜的微笑迎接我,这是常有的事情。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 3).一个人的电子邮件账户满了,就不能收发任何邮件了。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 4).她带了三个朋友过来,没有一个是我曾经见过的。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 5).我的朋友真不错,他带我绕城转了一圈。 _______________________________________________________________________________

B 类题 1. 单项填空
1). —Are you still busy? A.just finish —Yes, I _________ my work, and it won‘t take long. (Zhejiang2005) B.am just finishing C.have just finished D.am just going to finish

2). Years ago we didn't know this, but recent science ______ that people who don't sleep well soon get ill. (Guangdong 2005) A. showed B. has shown C. will show D. is showing

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高三秋季课程 (上) 3). The policeman's attention was suddenly caught by a small box which ______placed under the Minister's car. (Guangdong 2005) A. has been B. was being C. had been D. would be

4). The year 2002 ________ remarkable changes in Shanghai's landscape. (Shanghai05 Spring) A. sees A. were left 【参考答案】BBCCA B. has seen B. was left C. saw C. was leaving D. had seen D. were leaving

5). Telephone messages for the manager ________ on her desk but she didn't notice them.

2. 完型填空
Behind our house is the start of a fascinating trail (小径). This trail is one of the old roads that wind through untold miles of forest. My 36 , Beans, and I walk the trail frequently. Normally, Beans sniffs 37 some cause known only to him.

alongside the trail to follow the smell of a deer track or Beans is a white dog, quite handsome and very also often makes sounds as if he were trying to 39

38 . He not only understands what we tell him, but back.

One morning, we took a different route, which led us to an unfamiliar trail. I was sure this trail would eventually lead us to our familiar 40 . But, no. We seemed to be far off course. After two hours, I 41 the way home. So I urged, "Beans, take me home." He ran

suddenly realized that Beans probably

down a new trail. But it merely led to an intersection (岔道口) of trails. Soon it became 42 that we were getting nowhere. I began to picture the rest of the day in the 44 . The sniffing

43 , without food or drink. We had walked about ten miles. But Beans seemed totally and exploring was going well for him. Finally, we 46 45

a crossroad near a highway. Lady Luck suggested I should turn left. We did and

reached a cottage beside a field. I knocked on the door and explained my situation to an old man. He

laughed and then drove us home. Since our adventure, I 47 that Beans probably knew all along how to get home. He was just

having too much fan exploring new trails. 36. A. deer 37. A. imagine 38, A. smart 39. A. turn B. dog B. consider B. sweet B. kick C. lady C. explore C. slow C. jump
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D. man D. present D. shy D. speak

高三秋季课程 (上) 40. A. driveway 41. A. knew 42. A, mysterious 43. A. house 44. A. unconcerned 45. A. left for 46. A. punctually 47. A. regretted B. path B. saw B. ridiculous B. forest B. unconscious B. went off B. frequently B. remembered C. crossroad C. showed C. fascinating C. field C. undecided C. came to C. formally C. concluded D. highway D. made D. apparent D. cottage D. uncomfortable D. drove toward D. shortly D. confirmed

【参考答案】36--40BCADB 41—47ADBACDC

3.阅读理解
Goldie's Se cret She turned up at the doorstep of my house in Cornwall. No way could I have sent her away. No way, not me anyway. Maybe someone had kicked her out of their car the night before. "We're moving house.'; "No space for her any more with the baby coming." "We never really wanted her, but what could we have done? She was a present." People find all sorts of excuses for abandoning an animal. And she was one of the most beautiful dogs I had ever seen. I called her Goldie. If I had known what was going to happen I would have given her a more creative name. She was so unsettled during those first few days. She hardly ate anything and had such an air of sadness about her. There was nothing I could do to make her happy, it seemed. Heaven knows what had happened to her at her previous owner's. But eventually at the end of the first week she calmed down. Always by my side, whether we were out on one of our long walks or sitting by the fire. That's why it was such a shock when she pulled away from me one day when we were out for a walk. We were a long way from home, when she started barking and getting very restless. Eventually I couldn't hold her any longer and she raced off down the road towards a farmhouse in the distance as fast as she could. By the time I reached the farm I was very tired and upset with Goldie. But when I saw her licking (舔) the four puppies (幼犬) I started to feel sympathy towards them. "We didn't know what had happened to her," said the woman at the door. "I took her for a walk one day, soon after the puppies were born, and

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高三秋季课程 (上) she just disappeared." "She must have tried to come back to them and got lost," added a boy from behind her. ' I must admit I do miss Goldie, but I've got Nugget now, and she looks just like her mother. And I've learnt a good lesson: not to judge people. 56. How did the author feel about Goldie when Goldie came to the house? A. Shocked. B. Sympathetic. C. Annoyed. . D. Upset.

57. In her first few days at the author's house, Goldie AI felt worried C. ate a little

B. was angry D. sat by the fire .

58. Goldie rushed off to a farmhouse one day because she A. saw her puppies C. wanted to leave the author 59. The passage is organized in order of A. time B. effectiveness

B. heard familiar barkings D. found her way to her old home .[来源:Z&xx&k.Com] C. importance D. complexity

4.翻译练习
1)我已经到了应该自己作决定的那个人生阶段。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 2)很多小孩在村里都得到了很好的照顾,他们的父母远在大城市打工。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 3)生活像长跑比赛,我们与其他人竞争以超越自我。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 4)指南类的书对想从事这项工作的任何人都会有帮组。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 5)他不想雇佣那个自己父亲现在还在坐牢的男孩。 _______________________________________________________________________________

C 类题 1. 单项填空
1). John was given the same suitcase his father and grandfather ___ with them to school. A. took B. had taken C. were taking D. would take
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高三秋季课程 (上) 2).The number of foreign students attending Chinese universities ________ rising steadily since1990. A. is B. are C. has been D. have been

3).I was out of town at the time, so I don‘t know exactly how it _______.(2009 山东) A. was happening B. happened C. happens (2009 浙江) D. has happened

4).- What do you think of the movie?

- It‘s fantastic. The only pity is that I __________ the beginning of it. A Missed B. had missed C. miss D. would miss

5).She stared at the painting ,wondering where she ______it.(2009 重庆) A. saw B. has seen C. sees D. had seen

2.完型填空
Born in America, I spoke English, not Chinese, the language of my ancestors. When I was three, my parents flashed cards with Chinese 36 at my face, but I pushed them 37 . My mom believed I would learn 38 I was ready. But the 39 never came. On a Chinese New Year‘s Eve, my uncle spoke to me in Chinese, but all I could do was 40 at him, confused, scratching my head. ―Still can‘t speak Chinese?‖ He Chinatown.‖ ―Hey, this is America, not China. I‘ll get some 42 with or without Chinese.‖ I replied and turned to my mom for 43 . 41 me, ―You can‘t even buy a fish in

―Remember to ask for fresh fish, Xin Xian Yu,‖ she said, handing over a $20 bill. I 44 the words, running downstairs into the streets of Chinatown. I found the fish 45 surrounded in a sea of customers. ―I‘d like to buy some fresh fish,‖ I shouted to the fishman. But he 46 my English words and turned to serve the next customer. The laugh of the people behind increased 47 their impatience. With every 48 , the breath of the dragons (龙) on my back grew

stronger---my blood boiling--- 49 me to cry out, ―Xian Sheng Yu, please.‖ ― Very Xian Sheng,‖ I repeated. The crowd erupted into laughter. My face turned 50 and I ran back home 51 ,expect for the $20 bill I held tightly in my pocket. Should I laugh or cry? They‘re Chinese. I‘m Chinese. I should feel right at 52 Instead , I was the joke , a disgrace(丢脸)to the language.
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高三秋季课程 (上) Sometimes , I laugh at my fish culture 55 53 , but , in the end .the joke is on 54 . Every laugh is a

; every laugh is my heritage (传统)fading away. B. games B. around B. before B. study B. joke B. laughed at B. from now B. permission B. reviewed B. stand B. forgot B. as B. effort B. allowing B. blank B. tongue-tied B. home B. deed B. us B. lost C .characters C. along C. unless C. time C. nod C. argued with C. at times C. information C. spelled C. pond C. doubted C. with C. desire C. persuading C. pale C. empty-handed C. risk C. challenge C. me C. divided D. language D. aside D. until D. attempt D. stare D. asked after D. in time D. preparation D. kept D. market D. ignored D. from D. movement D. leading D. red D. broken-hearted D. root D. incident D. them D. reflected

36. A. custom 37. A. ahead 38. A. when 39. A. success 40. A. aim 41. A. cared about 42. A. right now 43. A. decision 44. A. repeated 45. A. farm 46. A. guessed 47. A. by 48. A. second 49. A. forcing 50. A. bright 51. A. open-mouthed 52. A. service 53. A. trade 54. A. it 55. A. thrown

3.

阅读理解

Habits are a funny thing. We reach for them mindlessly, setting our brains on auto-pilot and relaxing into the unconscious comfort of familiar routine.―Not choice, but habit rules the unreflecting creatures,‖William Wordsworth said in the 19th century. In the ever-changing 21st century, even the word―habit‖carries a negative meaning.

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高三秋季课程 (上) So it seems contradictory to talk about habits in the same context as innovation (创新). But brain researchers have discovered that when we consciously develop new habits, we create parallel paths, and even entirely new brain cells, that can jump our trains of thought onto new, innovative tracks. Rather than dismissing ourselves as unchangeable creatures of habit, we can instead direct our own change by consciously developing new habits. In fact, the more new things we try, the more creative we become. But don‘t bother trying to kill off old habits; once those ruts of procedure are worn into the brain, they‘re there to stay. Instead, the new habits we deliberately press into ourselves create parallel pathways that can bypass those old roads. ―The first thing needed for innovation is attraction to wonder,‖says Dawna Markova, author of The Open Mind.―But we are taught inst ead to?decide‘, just as our president calls himself?the Decider‘.‖She adds, however, that―to decide is to kill off all possibilities but one. A good innovational thinker is always exploring the many other possibilities.‖ ―All of us work through problems in ways of which we‘re unaware,‖she says. Researchers in the late 1960s discovered that humans are born with the ability to approach challenges in four primary ways: analytically, procedurally, collaboratively (合作地) and innovatively. At the end of adolescence, however, the brain shuts down half of that ability, preserving only those ways of thought that have seemed most valuable during the first decade or so of life. The current emphasis on standardized testing highlights analysis and procedure, meaning that few of us use our innovative and collaborative ways of thought.―This breaks the major rule in the American belief system—that anyone can do anything,‖explains M. J. Ryan, author of the 2006 book This Year I Will…and Ms. Markova‘s business partner.―That‘s a lie that we have preserved, and it fosters commonness. Knowing what you‘re good at and doing even more of it creates excellence.‖This is where developing new habits comes in. 1.Brain researchers have discovered that A.the forming of new habits can be guided B.the development of habits can be predicted C.the regulation of old habits can be transformed D.the track of new habits can be created unconsciously 2.The underlined word―ruts‖in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to
94

.

.

高三秋季课程 (上) A.zones B.connections C.situations D.tracks

3.Which of the following statements most probably agrees with Dawna Markova‘s view? A.Decision makes no sense in choices. B.Curiosity makes creative minds active. C.Creative ideas are born of a relaxing mind. D.Formation of innovation comes from fantastic ideas. 4.The purpose of the author writing this article is to persuade us A.to give up our traditional habits deliberately B.to create and develop new habits consciously C.to resist the application of standardized testing D.to believe that old habits conflict with new habits 答案: ADBB .

4.书面表达
假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华, 为校刊英语园地写一篇题为 ―Our Spring Outing‖ 的英 文稿件。请根据下面四幅画的先后顺序,叙述你们班上周从准备春游到春游结束的完整过程。 注意:词数不少于 60. 提示词:游乐园 amusement park

________________________________________________________________________________ ———————————————————————————————————————— ________________________________________________________________________________ ————————————————————————————————————————

95

高三秋季课程 (上)

第五讲
一、知识梳理

必修四复习

1. 词汇
1)重点单词: 举动; (举止或行为)表现 讨论;争辩;争吵 递送;生(小孩) ;接生;发表(演说) 使变大;伸展 遗憾;惋惜;懊悔 使欢乐;款待 使信服 (使)滑动; (使)滑行;幻灯片 作出反应; 回应 接近;靠近;走近;方法;途径 安逸;舒适;减轻(痛苦、忧虑) 保存;保留; 保护区 使有生机,促使,激发 种类,品种 战胜,击败 关于,关系到 决心要做的事 (酒)醉的 战胜,击败 关于,关系到 决心要做的事 很感兴趣的,热情的 好斗的,有进取心的 乐趣, 羞耻的,惭愧的 坚定的,稳固的 经济 焦点,中心 很感兴趣的,热情的
96

观察;观测;遵守 计划;打算 斗争;拼搏;努力 输出;出口 评论;议论;表达意见;作出评论 战胜;克服 导演;指示;指挥;直的;直接/率的 耳语;低语;小声说 代表;象征 可能的 秋千;摇摆;摆动 前进;促进;提前;进步 出生地的,本土的 流利地 经过的人,过路人 贪婪的,贪心的 使人快乐的 旧的,用过的,二手的 经过的人,过路人 贪婪的,贪心的 使人快乐的 交易,便宜货,讨价还价 打搅,使烦恼 娱乐活动 近似地,大约地 移开,挪走 实际的,实践的 取得进展,改进 交易,便宜货,讨价还价

高三秋季课程 (上) 自动的 当前的,现在的 广泛的 宣布,宣告 国家 事件,事情 证据,证明 当前的,现在的 假装 意见不一,分歧 雇佣 过程,进程 视觉的,视力的 打断(某人的讲话或动作) ,打扰 无罪的,清白的,单纯的 第一流的,传统的,经典的 美味的 谦虚的,适度的 漫游,闲逛 指示,表明 交换 温暖舒适的 进行,实施 富有的 小心翼翼的,谨慎的 属于,该在(某处) 携带,容忍 凝视,盯着看 系,固定 2) 重点短语: 离开;启程;出发 蔑视;瞧不起 碰巧;凑巧 继续;坚持 对…感到满意
97

水壶 事情,事件 信仰,信心,信任 出版,发行 民族 高兴的,愉快的 愿意的,乐意的 事情,事件 合法的,与法律有关的 责怪,归咎于 尝试,试图 不喜爱,厌恶 体谅,体贴, (作计划或决定时)必须考虑的事 小说,虚构的故事 当代的 方法,方式 大半,大多数 欠(债) 合理的,正当的 请求 预约, 壮观的,极佳的,非常好的 爆发,喷发 熟悉的,常见的 伤害 出口,输出 友好的,乐于交友的 侦探 宽恕,饶恕

过着…的生活 习惯于 (偶然)遇见;碰见 幸亏;由于;因为 宁愿;宁可

高三秋季课程 (上) 摆脱;除去 导致;造成(后果) 直到现在 对…满足 挑出;辨别出 担任主角;主演 很可能…;有希望… 舒适;快活;自由自在 背对 难

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