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云南师大附中2015届高考适应性月考卷(五)英语-答案


云南师大附中 2015 届高考适应性月考卷(五) 英语参考答案
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 1~5 BCABA 6~10 ABBAA 11~15 CBBBA 16~20 ABAAC

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 21~ 25 ADDBA 26~30 CDCBC

31~35 DDBAB

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 36~40 CGBFD 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 41~45 CDABC 46~50 DCBDA 51~55 BBCAC 56~60 DABDA

第二节:语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 61.safety 65.or 69.that 62.staying 66. (should)be employed 70.It 63.unlocked 67.where/in which 64.may/might/will 68.risky

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(满分 10 分) In some cartoons elephants seem to be afraid of mice. Are we really giant cowards(胆小鬼)? ①they Some scientists decided to confirm it. They conducted a experiment in South Africa. The mice∧ ②an ③were

placed in the small holes in the ground and covered with balls of elephant waste. While the ④When/As elephants got close, the scientists pulled away the waste balls to reveal the mice. Much to the

scientists surprise, seeing the mice, the elephants stopped immediately and back away. The scientists ⑤scientists’ ⑥backed

thought it might have been the “moving”waste balls what scared the elephants. So they did the ⑦that
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experiment again with any mice in the holes,but this time the elephants didn’t stop. Thus it was ⑧without 或把 any 改为 no turned out that elephants true fear little mice. ⑩truly 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 【参考范文】 In the picture, the girl regrets not starting her work sooner. By no means can she finish so much work before the deadline. This phenomenon is called“procrastination” . Nowadays, frequently exposed to smartphones and computers, some students are more likely to distract their attention,leaving their schoolwork untouched. Others fail to get things done simply because of laziness. As a result,they are stressed out as the deadline approaches. Procrastination eventually does harm to health both physically and mentally. How can you handle it?For one thing, turn off those things that may affect your work, such as QQ and Wechat. For another,don’t allow yourself any excuse,because the longer you wait,the worse it gets. ⑨

【解析】 第二部分:阅读理解 第一节 A 【语篇导读】本文夹叙夹议。作者讲述了小时候因未跟熟人打招呼而受到母亲的责备, 这使他意识到问候的重要性。懂得问候他人,是他事业成功的重要原因。 21.A 推理判断题。根据文章第一段第三句“I’d say that’s the reason why I’ve been able to be what I am now.”及倒数第二段第一句“I’ve become a vice president,but that hasn’t changed the way I approach people.”可知作者现在事业有成,故选 A。 22.D 推理判断题。根据第三段母亲的话及第四段最后一句“ I believe that every person deserves to feel someone acknowledge their presence,no matter how humble they may be or even how unimportant.”可知作者的母亲认为每个人的存在都应当得到认可,不应 被忽视,故选 D。 23.D 写作意图推断题。根据最后一段,作者阐明了问候的力量,故选 D。

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B 【语篇导读】说明文。本文介绍了“1919 Ride for Love”活动救助穷人的几个项目。 24.B 推理判断题。根据全文及关键词“help” , “support” , “thankfully” , “hope”等,可知 作者对这个项目持赞成态度,故选 B。 25.A 细节理解题。根据文章第四段第三句“As a result,he ended up with countless medical bills to pay,as well as rents and his children’s schooling fees.”可知 Ming-chung 病后面 临很多的经济困难,无法养家糊口,故选 A。 26.C 推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段,这些孩子要么来自破碎家庭,要么父母外出打 工,要么失去双亲或只有一个老人抚养,除了最基本的生活,他们根本没有任何的 课余活动,他们感到孤独,并且需要帮助,故选 C。 27.D 细节理解题。根据文章第一段最后一句“Started in 2002 as a project of the Chinese Christian Relief Association,the‘1919 Ride for Love’serves the poorest of the poor.” 可知“1919 Ride for Love”旨在帮助最贫困的人,故选 D。 C 【语篇导读】现代科技说明文。本文介绍了在网购迅速发展的今天,商场运用现代科技 为顾客打造全新的购衣体验。 28.C 细节理解题。 根据文章第一段第二句 “In spite of online convenience, however, there are some items—like clothes—that customers prefer to examine before buying.”可知尽管网 上购物有其方便之处,但有些物品如衣服,人们还是喜欢在购买前先试穿,顾客对 实体店的需要仍然存在,故选 C。 29.B 细节理解题。根据文章第三段第二句“And a salesperson is optional for customers.”可 知 Hointer 也提供人工服务,顾客可以根据需要做选择,故选 B。 30.C 细节理解题。根据文章第四段第三句“Shoppers make an appointment online before arriving at a Guideshop,where they receive one-on-one attention from a fitting guide.”可 排除 A 和 D; 根据第四段第五句 “But guides help shoppers make online purchases before they leave,after which the items will be delivered to customers in one or two days.”可排 除 B,故选 C。 31.D 主旨大意题。从第一段最后一句,第二段第一句以及第四段第一句可知本文讲的是 商场运用现代科技为顾客打造全新的购衣体验,故选 D。
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D 【语篇导读】科普说明文。本文说明树蛙可以通过嘴巴听到声音。 32.D 细节理解题。 根据第三段第一句 “Though the frog has been known to hear just like other frogs,it has neither an eardrum(耳膜)nor a middle ear.”可知这种树蛙是没有中耳的, 故选 D。 33.B 细节理解题。根据第四段第一句“The researchers from the French National Centre for Scientific Research and several universities began their study by fixing speakers in the forest where the Tree Frogs live and playing sounds that the frogs normally make,to see if they would react.” 可知研究人员在森林里放置扬声器是为了研究树蛙对所播放的声音 是否有反应,故选 B。 34.A 词义推断题。根据本句的前后文,科学家经研究发现,声波经过树蛙的嘴巴时,由 位置特别的骨头所放大, 然后通过内耳传到大脑, 才得以让树蛙听得很清晰, 故选 A。 35.B 第二节 【语篇导读】议论文。文章指出读大学须支付高额的费用,但某些专业不一定能保证日 后拥有高薪。试问:大学值得读吗? 36.C 由下文的“Many people with a college education are drowning in student debt.”可知, 很多人因为上大学而负债累累,所以这里强调在美国读大学费用很高,故选 C。 37.G 根据后面提到的 “The study found that one with a four-year college education earns twice as much as a high school graduate over a lifetime.” 可知研究结果表明, 大学毕业生的工 资是高中毕业生的两倍,因此读大学是值得的,故选 G。 38.B B 项的这句话与前面的两句话形成对比关系, “while” 是关键词。 另外 B 项中的 “have the lowest pay”与前一句话中的“have the highest wages”互相照应,故选 B。 39.F 根据下一句 “Personal enjoyment, engaging in meaningful work, and filling a social need should also enter a student’s decision-making.” 可知, 学生在选专业时还应把个人兴趣、 工作意义及社会需要等因素考虑在内,工资高低只是其中的一个方面,故选 F。
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文章出处推断题。 根据文章类型, 这是一篇科普说明文, 应该出自科普杂志, 故选 B。

40.D

该段总结全文,大多数学生不知各专业今后工资前景如何,所以研究人员希望此报 告可以帮助他们做出更好的决定,其后的“ In their words ”是指“ In those study organizers’ words” ,可排除干扰项 E,故选 D。

第三部分:英语知识运用 第一节:完形填空 【语篇导读】本文夹叙夹议。本文讲述了众多榆树患病死亡,唯独拴过牛的那棵榆树存活 下来。原因是该树从铁链中吸收了铁,增强了免疫力,进而保住了自己的性命。联想到人生: 生活中我们常常会遇到挫折、失败,然而,正是由于它们,我们愈发坚强。 41.C 考查动词。rub“摩擦” ;lean“倾斜” ;pace“踱步” ;touch“触摸” 。根据前一句话 可知牛被拴在了榆树下,根据常识它应该是在榆树下踱步 ,故选 C。 .. 42.D 考查动词。soften“变柔软” ;harden“变硬” ;sharpen“变锋利” ;deepen“变深” 。 根据前一句话可知牛在榆树下踱步,拽动了铁链,进而在榆树皮上留下了凹槽。随 着时间的推移,凹槽应该是日益变深 ,故选 D。 .. 43.A 考查动词。remove“移动” ;seize“抓住” ;rescue“营救” ;settle“安顿” 。根据该空 后面句子的描述(cut 是关键词) ,家人应该是带走 了牛,故选 A。 .. 44.B 考查介词短语。in the charge of“由??负责” ;in the form of“以??的形式” ;in the absence of “缺乏” ;in the hope of“怀着??的希望” 。 这里是指榆树患病的一种形式 , .. 故选 B。 45.C 考查名词。area“区域” ;square“广场” ;road“道路” ;space“空间” 。该句的意思 是:通向农场的道路 两边的榆树也被感染并死亡,故选 C。 .. 46.D 考查动词。prove“证明” ;discuss“讨论” ;assess“评定” ;conclude“推断” 。根据 前两句话的信息可知:大量榆树遭受灭顶之灾,所以大家都断定 这棵老榆树也难幸 .. 免,故选 D。 47.C 考查形容词。abstract“抽象的” ;similar“相似的” ;safe“安全的” ;extra“额外的” 。 根据该句的相关信息“pulling it out and cutting it up into firewood before it died(在这 棵老榆树死之前,将它拔掉,劈成柴火用) ”可知:农场主人考虑做一些安全 的事情。 .. “before it died”是关键信息,故选 C。 48.B 考查副词。probably“极可能地” ;simply“简直” ;hardly“几乎不” ;constantly“不 断地” 。该句的意思是:他们简直 就不能强迫自己去做这件事,故选 B。 ..
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49.D

考查形容词。intelligent“聪明的” ;modest“谦虚的” ;ordinary“普通的” ;close“亲 密的” 。上一句中提到主人于心不忍,然后说明原因:这棵老榆树就好像是他们的一 位亲密 朋友,故选 D。 ..

50.A

考查固定搭配。nature“自然” ;challenge“挑战” ;comfort“安慰” ;practice“实践” 。 let nature take its course 的意思是“顺其自然” 。该句的意思是:因此他们决定顺其自 然。这句话与前面的两句话形成紧密的逻辑关系,故选 A。

51.B

考查连词。unless“除非” ;why“为什么” ;until“直到??时” ;when“当??时” 。 根据前一句话:令人惊讶的是,这棵老榆树居然没死,所以大家想知道它为什么 能 ... 存活下来,故选 B。

52.B

考查名词。raiser“栽培者” ;expert“专家” ;guard“警卫” ;collector“收藏家” 。该 句的意思是:密歇根州立大学的植物专家 来到农场,观察这棵老榆树,故选 B。 ..

53.C

考查动词。harvest“收获” ;fetch“取来” ;observe“观察” ;protect“保护” 。该句的 意思是:密歇根州立大学的植物专家来到农场,观察 这棵老榆树,故选 C。 ..

54.A

考查名词。bark“树皮” ;mud“泥浆” ;root“树根” ;trunk“树干” 。该句的意思是: 他们注意到铁链在树干上留下了疤痕,尽管疤痕几乎已被树皮 覆盖,而且第一段第 .. 二句有 bark 这个词的提示,故选 A。

55.C

考查名词。scar“疤痕” ;groove“槽” ;chain“链” ;bull“牛” 。后面的句子中提到: 榆树从铁链中吸收了铁,所以专家推断是铁链 救了老榆树的命,故选 C。 ..

56.D

考查动词短语。take up“占据,开始从事” ;take over“接管” ;take on“呈现,雇 佣” ;take in“吸收,欺骗” 。该句的意思是:专家推断老榆树从铁链中吸收 了那么多 .. 的铁,以至于它对病毒有了免疫力,故选 D。

57.A

考查名词。virus“病毒” ;accident“事故” ;change“改变” ;disaster“灾难” 。该句 的意思是:专家推断老榆树从铁链中吸收了那么多的铁,以至于它对病毒 有了免疫 .. 力,故选 A。

58.B

考查动词。adopt“收养,采纳” ;kill“杀死” ;disturb“打扰” ;threaten“威胁” 。上 文中老榆树的故事说明:没有杀死 你的东西反而会使你更强壮,故选 B。 ..

59.D

考查固定搭配。make it“获得成功” ;get it“明白” ;say it“说吧” ;put it“说,提出, 指出” 。选项 C 中的 it 要去掉才对。as Ernest Hemingway put it 的意思是:正如海明 威所说 ,故选 D。 .
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60.A

考查形容词。strong“强壮的” ;lucky“幸运的” ;healthy“健康的” ;wealthy“富裕 的” 。海明威所说的这句话的意思是:生活中我们常常会遇到挫折、失败,然而,正 是由于它们,我们愈发坚强 。另外,前一句话中的 stronger 也是提示,故选 A。 ..

第二节:语法填空 【语篇导读】本文为说明文。作者就独居者如何保证人身安全提供了几条建议。 61.考查名词的用法。根据首段首句以及文中的四条建议可知这里是“安全方面的担忧”, 故填 safety。 62.考查非谓语的用法。when 引导的时间状语的逻辑主语若与其主句主语一致,且 stay 由主 句主语发出,则可使用 when+V-ing 的结构,故填 staying。 63.考查形容词的用法。 “…never leave your room unlocked…”意为千万不要让你的房间未上 锁,故填 unlocked。 64.考查情态动词的用法。该句的意思是:即使你付出一切努力锁好了门,罪犯也有可能用 钥匙打开你的房门,故填 may/might/will。 65.考查连词的用法。该句的意思是:不要把你的钥匙放在公共区域或者 交给朋友,故填 or。 .. 66.考查虚拟语气的用法。request 后的宾语从句用虚拟语气。整句的意思是:请求雇人来监视 进出大楼的人。从句主语为 someone,应用被动,故填(should)be employed。 67.考查状语从句与定语从句的辨析。这里 where 引导的是定语从句,修饰前面的先行词 the place,故这里可填 where 或 in which。 68.考查形容词的用法。修饰名词当用形容词,故填 risky。 69. 考查定语从句的用法。 先行词是 something 等不定代词时, 定语从句用 that 引出, 故填 that。 70.考查 it 作形式主语的用法。该句真正的主语是后面的不定式,故填 It。

听力原文 Text 1 M:It seems that our new classmate doesn’t like to communicate with others. W:Yeah. If you do not speak to him first,he seldom speaks to you. M:Then shall we invite him to our party? W:Of course,if we didn’t invite him,he would be upset.
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Text 2 M:What’s your newly-bought apartment like? W:It has one living room,one kitchen,three bedrooms and two bathrooms. M:Wow,sounds great! And now your parents can come to live with you for a while. Text 3 W:It’s so hot! My mouth and tongue have begun to burn,and I have tears in my eyes. M:Drink some milk,and that will decrease the spiciness. W:Oh,I shouldn’t have tasted that dish. Text 4 W:Red light again! And it seems like we have to stop for at least 3 minutes. But the meter is still running. M:Yeah,taking a taxi is no quicker than a bus in the rush hour. Actually,the best choice is the subway. Text 5 W:Our son says he’s not going to college,but is going to get a job. M:He told me that yesterday. He is an adult now,and we’d better let him decide for himself. W:You know that’s an excuse. He doesn’t have a plan. You can’t count on him to find a good job. Text 6 W:Tom,we need to do something about Steve. M:What’s the problem with him? W:He’s late for work almost every other day,turns in his reports late sometimes,and he doesn’t get along well with anyone in his department. M:I’ve noticed that he’s been late a lot. I don’t want to fire him,though. W:Why not?A lot of people want to work here. M:True. I know his reports are late,but they’re excellent. Better than anybody else’s in the department. He’s really smart and talented. W:I agree. His reports are superb. And his wife’s pregnant. I don’t want to fire a guy when his wife is pregnant. M:Let’s just bring him into our office and talk with him. W:OK. If we give him a warning,maybe that will work. Text 7 W:You look angry. What happened? M:I’d rather not talk about it. Just don’t ask.
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W:I think you need to share your feelings with your friends,especially when you are in a bad mood. So,talk to me. M:It’s the 4-S Service Center. This morning I took my car there to have them check the braking system. They only gave it a rough check,but they charged me 300 dollars! W:No wonder you’re so angry. I’d be mad too if someone tricked me like that. M: Yeah. And they were so impolite. They said I didn’t know anything about cars. While that’s true, they didn’t have to be so rude! In fact, they should think about the quality of their cars. Why are there so many recalls recently? W:Maybe you should complain against them to the Consumer Protection Agency of our city. M:I thought about it. But do you think it really works? Text 8 M:Hi,how’s life? W:Things couldn’t be better. I’m having a great day. M:Cool,tell me about it. W:I have been keeping a positive attitude,and it has helped me a lot. M:Please explain. W:Well,I gave my boss a professional handshake and a big smile. Then after she gave me a positive review,I told her I deserved a raise. M:So you got a raise,great. W:Well,not exactly. She turned down my request for a raise. M:So why do you still have a positive attitude?That would make me mad. Aren’t you mad? W:Of course not. I am happy to see I have the courage to ask for a raise. Now the boss and the other employees respect me more. Plus, I am sure if I keep working hard and keep a positive attitude, I will get that raise soon enough. M:Soon enough to get some extra money to buy me dinner tonight? W:I’m sorry to say,no. However,I am sure if I smile at you and share my positive attitude,you will treat me to dinner,right? M:Anything for you. Text 9 W:Hello,Mr. Tompkins. Our newspaper is going to print an article about new products. Could you tell me something about the new home your company has built?I understand it promises to be a model for the houses of the future.
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M:Certainly. The idea is not to have a house full of different things. This is a complete home system. It will make people’s lives easier. W:OK! So tell me how this house will make my life easier. M:When you arrive at the front door,you won’t need a key. The door will open with a touch of your finger. You’ll be able to call your refrigerator when you’re at the grocery store and find out how much you need to buy. Isn’t it wonderful? W:Can I call the washing machine as well? M:Sure. But you won’t need to. The house comes with a robot. It is programmed to clean the house and do the washing. W:How much does it cost? M:A million dollars. W:A million dollars! It will be the 22nd century when I can afford to buy one! Text 10 During my last year of school,I was given the opportunity to visit an advisor,and I drove her crazy with my choices. My first choice was a chocolate tester. I discovered that chocolate testers earn a lot of money, so I was sure I had found my dream job. However,when I found out that chocolate testers don’t just sit around eating chocolate all day; they are also involved in the marketing and promotion of the product. I finally gave that up. Next,I thought of becoming a professor at a university,which seems to be an admirable job. Professors receive respect from society and enjoy long holidays. Working with the youth helps keep a young state of mind. However,being a professor requires a high standard and just having a master ’s degree is losing its advantage. Once they enter the university,they will be faced with great pressure to do scientific research. So my dream of becoming a professor disappeared. Finally,I had this perfect idea of becoming a dog stylist after I realized how much our dog stylist was being paid. However,once,when she was styling our Philipo,I noticed he tried to bite her. As you can imagine,that really put me off. All this research made me realize I had a gift for collecting information,so I have decided to become a journalist.

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