【KS5U 首发】贵州省 2013-2014 学年高三寒假作业（9）英语 Word 版含答案
br />一、单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 从 A. B. C. D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 硕，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
1.Chengde Peak is beautiful a place any others in North China. A. so, that B. as, as C. such, that D. such, as 2.There are a few spelling mistakes; _______, it’s quite a good essay. A. even so B. above all C. if so D. all in all
3.If he continues like this, he will ____________ a stone only to have it drop on his own foot, just as the old saying goes. A. end up to lift C. end up in lifting B. end up lifting D. end up with lifting 4.John plays football _____, if not better than, David. A. as well B. so well C. as well as D. so well as
5.---John is said to have learned Italian in Italy for five years. --________ he speaks it like a native speaker. A. No doubt B. No wonder C. No problem D. No curiosity 6.________ the rain , our crops are saved. A. Thanking to B. Thanks to C. Thanking for D. Thanks for
7.The pirate （海盗） problem of Somali is generally thought to go ______ with the bad situation in the country. Bringing the country back to normal is the best solution to the problem. A．hand in hand B．at hand C．in hand D．by hand
8.The thought of_____________made her very annoyed. A.making fun of B.making fun C.being made fun of D.being made fun
9.The United States ________ 52 states while China ________32 provinces and autonomous regions. A. forms of; consists of B. consists of; is made up of C. is made up; consists of D. is formed; is made up of 10.Zhang Hua is clever and works hard at his subjects. A. So is Li Ming B. So does Li Ming D. So it is with Li Ming C. It was the same with Li Ming
11.Haitians who fled to the countryside after the disaster have returned _____ jobs . A. in search of B. to search C. searching D. searched for 12.Fans from miles around crowded into the stadium for the concert of Jay Chou on September 4th, 2012, _____ are popular with teenagers. A. many of whose songs B. and many of whose songs C. many of which songs D. many of his songs 13.______ leads a life full of love is rich even though he doesn't have much money． A．Whenever C．Whatever B．However D．Whoever
14.“I would rather someday in the future I ______ crying in the back of a BMW instead of smiling on the back of a bicycle.”—it can be seen as the distortion(曲解） of modern values. A. sat B. would sit C. should sit D. sit 15._____ going to the program “If you are the one”, he was rather concerned about being turned down in public. A.Much as he liked C.As he liked much B.However he liked D.As much he liked
二、阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中， 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
My mother always says that I’m born to dance ballet．But that September when I was in a ballet 16 and went to do a turn，something just happened. I heard it and I surely 17 it．I went right to a doctor and got an MRI，which 18 a lot of damage to my knee——a(n) 19 injury for a dancer．I had to have a(n) 20 . Everything had been going so well and now I had this huge injury．Dance was my life，but 21，I wasn’t going to be able to do it for a year or possibly never again． My dad was really a big inspiration for me. He was 22 a battle against cancer at that
time．He showed me how to make it through a 23 situation．I thought that if he could do that，I could handle this，too． 24 my operation，I had great difficulty walking，but I knew that if I really worked hard，my injury would 25 ． Several months later, I definitely wasn't at my strongest，but I could 26 a class. The dancing I did was basic 27 that my knee could handle． Once we started practicing in the fall ， I was beginning to feel like myself again ． One day， I 28 the schedule and my name was next to Eliot Feld ． I thought it must be a(n) 29 because he is very famous in the ballet world．But it wasn’t．He 30 me and taught me a lot of things．At l8，I had a solo performance! It was a big 31 ．I was so excited and felt like a real ballerina．After the 32 ， Eliot said，“You know, you have a gift—and you are also made of 33 ．"That， coming from him，was the 34 compliment(赞美)I have ever received．I’d like to think that 35 my injury made me strong． 16．A．school B．class C．team D．play 17．A．felt B．accepted C．broke D．touched 18．A．pointed B．said C．showed D．read 19．A．necessary B．important C．practical D．deadly 20．A．operation B．cry C．holiday D．test 21．A．all of a sudden B．in time C．at present D．once in a while 22．A．leading B．losing C．fighting D．inventing 23．A．wonderful B．difficult C．positive D．heavy 24．A． At B．During C．After D．Over 25．A．move B．go C．die D． heal 26．A．take up B．get through C．break into D．set out 27．A．damages B．activities C．moves D．breathes 28．A．stole B．checked C．faced D．borrowed 29．A．problem B．opportunity C．mistake D．task 30．A．held B．obeyed C．received D．encouraged 31．A．success B．secret C．surprise D．position 32．A．performance B．speech C．competition D．match 33．A．mud B．wood C．steel D．gold 34．A．simplest B．greatest C．deepest D．smartest 35．A．turning to B．1etting out C．setting up D．dealing with 评卷人 得分 三、阅读理解(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A. B. C 和 D)中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
A Since the beginning of the year, smog has covered parts of North China. In January, Beijing saw only five days without smog. The rising PM 2.5 readings
terrified many people, and some health experts said that whenever the smog gets serious, hospitals receive more patients suffering acute respiratory（呼吸系统）and heart diseases. Later, news of polluted underground water in some provinces scared people who wondered whether the water they drink is safe. So the need to emphasize environmental protection while developing the economy is heard everywhere. Smog especially is a common concern. Like a popular online post said, air may be the only thing that is equal for everyone, despite your income or vocation. People with higher incomes are able to drink only bottled spring water and eat only organic food by paying higher prices, but they breathe the same air as everyone else. At a meeting on Monday, many Representatives have expressed their concerns about the air quality, too. One talked about his experience in Beijing. “After taking a taxi from the capital airport to my hotel, which took about an hour, I washed my nose and found the inside of my nose was black. We should ask ourselves this question: Why do we want to develop? It's for living a better life. Dirty air is definitely not a better life," he said. China needs to develop its economy and invest( 投 资 ) in high-tech. Every Chinese wants a strong country. But without blue sky, clean water and safe food, the achievements in the economy will become meaningless. Space technologies are not to be developed for building a base on Mars so that one day all human beings can migrate to the red planet because they have destroyed Earth. What the public wants is a strong and beautiful China. President Hu Jintao spoke at the 18th Party Congress last November saying that great efforts must be made to promote ecological progress and build a beautiful China. The words have shown the central government's resolution to address the environment issue. 36．The effect of smog doesn’t include A．the rising of PM 2.5 readings C．the increase of people’s income . B．more people suffering diseases D．patients increased in hospital
37．Why smog has become a common concern? A．Because people have to pay higher prices. B．Because nobody can avoid it. C ．Because we have to develop industry. D ． Because a popular online-post discussed it.
38．The underlined word “they” in paragraph 6 refers to A ． human beings development 39．From the last two paragraphs we can infer that . B ． other plants
C ． space technologies D ． industrial
A．high-tech can completely solve the problem of pollution B．space technologies should be developed in a large scale C．we can move to the Mars after the earth has been destroyed D．we must protect the environment while developing economy B In today's throwaway society ， dealing with the city's growing mountain of waste is an increasing challenge for the city council(市议会)． Recently, Edinburgh is faced with the problem of disposing of( 处 理 )about 250,000 million tons of waste a year. Despite different ways to dispose of much of it in a green manner—largely through encouraging recycling—its aging facilities such as the Powderhall landfill do not have the ability to deal with it. The European Union(EU) has issued a new policy ， regulating how such mountains of waste are to be disposed of.The five councils (Edinburgh，East Lothian, West Lothian，Midlothian and Borders) face fines around ￡18 million a year from 2013 if they don't increase recycling levels and rely less on landfill.With this in mind，the councils got together with the idea of building a large incinerator plant (垃 圾焚烧厂)to burn half of the waste produced in their districts.But this plan fell apart after the change of target levels by a new UK government waste policy which required that no more than 25% of the city's waste should be disposed of in this way by 2025. After the plan was abandoned ， a private company which already transported millions of tons of the city's waste by train to a landfill site near Dunbar ，offered an alternative solution when it suggested opening a huge waste site near Portobello. Since Powderhall is supposed to close in 2015 ， it seemed necessary for the members of the Edinburgh Council to accept the suggestion.But soon they turned it down—after 700 local objections reached them—because it would have meant hundreds of lorries a day making loud noise through heavily populated areas.
That still leaves the council with a problem.By 2013，only 50% of 1995 levels of waste will be allowed to be sent to landfill.Even if recycling targets are met，there will still be a large amount of rubbish to be burnt up.Due to this ，Edinburgh and Midlothian councils have now decided to work together to build an incinerator plant as time to find a solution is fast running out. 40．The main way of handling waste in a green manner in Edinburgh is ________. A．recycling B．restoring C．burying D．burning
41．The five councils worked out a plan to build an incinerator plant to ________. A．reduce the cost of burying waste C．speed up waste recycling B．meet the EU requirements
D．replace landfill sites
42．The city council of Edinburgh rejected the suggestion to open a huge landfill site near Portobello because ________. A．it came from a private company B．the council was not interested in it C．it was not supported by EU D．the local people were against it 43．What is the final decision of Edinburgh and Midlothian councils? A．To open a new landfill nearby. B．To close the Powderhall landfill in 2015. C．To set up a plant for burning waste. D．To persuade people to reduce their waste. C Inventors are always looking for ways to make our lives easier, greener and a whole lot more fun. Take a look at the following breakthroughs in science and technology. What in the world will inventors dream up next? Superhero Suit Have you ever dreamed of becoming a superhero? Dream no more. There’s a real Iron Man suit, XOS 2, which instantly transforms the person wearing it. The suit provides the power to lift 200 pounds with ease and break slabs（厚片）of wood with a single karate chop. It was designed to help the military with heavy lifting. One
person in the suit could do the work of three soldiers. Up, Up and Away! It took him 30 years to develop it, and now Glen Martin’s invention is ready to take off. The Martin Jetpack allows its operator to fly 8,000 feet into the air. Unfortunately, you can’t soar through the skies too long. The jetpack holds only 30 minutes’ worth of fuel. The aircraft will sell for $100,000. Hardworking Robot The EMIEW2 robot is the perfect office helper. Need a document delivered? No problem! It can also guide visitors to their destinations. The three-foot-tall robot can identify different human voices and respond to commands. One day, it may serve as a receptionist or a security guard. Green Machine Say goodbye to gasoline! The AirPod car runs on air power. That means this car won’t pollute the environment. A high-pressure air tank can fill the car in minutes. The three-wheeler can travel about 130 miles between fill-ups. Beef Power All aboard the beef train! Amtrak’s Heartland Flyer runs partly on fuel that is made from cow fat. The goal is to reduce carbon emissions by 10%. The train travels between Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and Fort Worth, Texas. Robo-Guard EMILY is a robotic, four-foot-long buoy (救生圈). She can swim through riptides (激流) at up to 24 miles per hour. Her inventor, Tony Mulligan, says that’s 15 times as fast as human lifeguards! EMILY is powered by a tiny electric pump and operated by remote control. 44. What is the disadvantage of Glen Martin’s invention? A. It uses large amounts of fuel. C. It needs a big landing field. A. The EMIEW2 robot. C. XOS 2. A. One. D. Four. B. Two. B. It only flies at low altitudes. D. It has a small gas tank. B. EMILY. D. The Martin Jetpack. C. Three.
45. Which of the following inventions may be popular with modern companies?
46. How many environment-friendly inventions are mentioned in the passage?
47. From the passage we learn that __________. A. the Superhero Suit is designed for fun B. the EMIEW2 robot can tell different human voices C. Robo-Guard may serve as a security guard D. the AirPod car travels far with a little gas D Wildlife faces threats(威胁)from habitat destruction, pollution, and other human actions. Although protecting wildlife may seem too hard at times, even small actions in your own neighborhood can help protect many different animals. Here are some tips on how to protect wildlife through small actions. 1．Create wildlife friendly areas in your backyard. When trying to make your garden more beautiful, you can choose plants that can provide food and shelter to native wildlife. This will also help cut down on pollution. And bird or bat houses to your yard or garden to attract and shelter these species. 2．Avoid harming the natural ecosystem(生态系统)in your area. Some plants from other places can kill or harm native plants that provide food and shelter for wildlife. 3．Have a greener lifestyle. By using less water and fewer fuels, you will be helping to protect the wildlife around you. Take buses or the subway when you can, turn off electric devices when you're not using them, take shorter showers, and keep your room temperature at or below 68 degrees during the winter. 4．Buy products that are wildlife friendly. Don't buy products that are made from endangered animals. Keep in mind that some endangered animals are killed by traps, catches or hunters who are after other wildlife within the same habitat. 5．Donate money or time to organizations that protect wildlife and their habitats. You can give money to organizations or groups that protect wildlife species in your neighborhood. 48. We infer that the purpose of this passage is to________. A．tell us why protecting wildlife is extremely important now B．suggest that we protect wildlife through actions
C．explain why protecting wildlife is not as hard as people think D．give us some tips on how to protect wildlife through small actions 49. Which of the following threats to wildlife is NOT mentioned in the passage? A．Animal diseases. B．Loss of habitat. C．Pollution. D．Hunters.
50. In which section of a newspaper would you most probably read this passage? A．Environment C．Business B．Teaching D．Geography 四、七选五(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 10 分)
Punishment is a term used to refer to any change that occurs after a behavior that reduces the likelihood that the behavior will occur again in the future. Punishment is focused on reducing or getting rid of unwanted behaviors. Punishment can be effective in some cases. 51 Prison is one example. After being sent to jail for a crime, people often continue committing crimes once they are away from prison. Why is it that punishment seems to work in some instances, but not in others？ Researchers have found a number of factors that contribute to how effective punishment is. First, punishment is more likely to lead to a reduction in behavior if it immediately follows the behavior. 52 It may help explain why sending people to jail does not always lead to a reduction in criminal behaviors. Another factor is that punishment achieves greater results when it is consistently applied. 53 For example, people often continue to drive over the speed limit even after receiving a speeding ticket. Why? Because the behavior is inconsistently punished. 54 One of them is that any behavior changes that result from punishment are often temporary(暂时的). Perhaps the greatest one is the fact that punishment makes people not perform certain actions, but it does not actually offer any information about more appropriate or desired behaviors. Another thing to consider about punishment is that it can have unintended and undesirable consequences. For example, approximately 75 percent of parents in the United States report hitting their children. 55 For this reason, psychologists suggest that any short-term gains from using punishment should be weighed because it may produce potential long-term consequences. A. Punishment also has some notable disadvantages. B. Parents and teachers consider punishment an effective tool. C. Prison sentences often occur long after the crime has been committed. D. There are two types of punishment, positive punishment and negative punishment. E. In fact, it can be difficult to administer a punishment every single time a behavior occurs. F. However, you can probably think of situations where punishment does not reduce
a behavior. G. Researchers have found that this type of physical punishment can lead to antisocial behaviors among children.
五、短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 I 分，满分 10 分)
文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。没处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加，删除或修改。增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号∧，并在其下面写 出该加的词。删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改：在错的词下划一横 线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一 词; 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
A boy who was cleaning the shoes in the street said to a young man passed by,“Let me clean your boots. It just spends you only a penny.”But the man refused. Then the boy told him that he will clean his boots for nothing. The man agreed, and soon one of the boot shone brightly. Then he put the other boot on the box, and the boy refused to clean it if he was paid two pence for his work. The young man refused pay anything and went away. But the well-cleaning boot made the dirty one so bad that he could not walk on. He returned back and gave the boy two pence. 评卷人 得分 六、书面表达(满分 25 分)
李华是一名高三学生，请根据下图，以 A better weekend 为题写一篇短文，描述 李华的学习生活和缓解压力的经历。短文开头已为你写出，词数不少于 60。 生词：补习班 weekend classes
A better weekend
Li Hua, a senior three student, is very busy with his lessons every day. Last Saturday, as usual, _______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
试卷答案 一．单项选择 1.B 略 2.A3.B4.C5.B6.B7.A8.C9.B10.D11.A12.A 略 13.D14.A 略 15.A 二．完形填空 16-20 BACDA 21-25ACBCD 26-30 BCBCD 31-35 AADBD 三．阅读理解
CBAD ABDC BBCC DAA 四．七选五 FCEAG 五．短文改错 1. 将第一个 the 去掉 2. passed→passing 3. spends→costs 4. will→would5. boot→boots 6. and→but 7. if → unless 8. 在 pay 前加 to 9. wellcleaning→well-cleaned 10. returned→turned 或将 back 去掉 六．书面表达 One possible version: Li Hua, a senior three student, is very busy with his lessons every day. Last Saturday, as usual, he went to weekend classes. In the evening, he studied at home until deep into the night. He was so sleepy and tired that he couldn’t work effectively. On Sunday morning, Li Hua was about to study when his father came up and advised him to have a rest. Soon they had a good idea. They made a kite and then the family went to the suburbs. Li Hua enjoyed himself flying the kite. The family had a picnic together, relaxing in the open air. On Monday, Li Hua was energetic and active in
class. He said it was only because he had a better weekend.