Module 5 A Trip Along the Three Gorges
Introduction Reading & Vocabulary
Introduction-1 Brainstorm(2ms) What can you see
from the picture?<
Introduction-2. Vocabulary (4ms) Fill in the blanks. valley is the low ground between the sides of 1. A ________ mountains. plain is a large area of flat low ground. 2. A ________ 3. The ________ shore is the area where the land meets the sea or a lake. slope is the side of the mountain. 4. A ________ 5. _______ Cliffs are the steep sides of mountains at the edge of a river or the sea. peak is the top of a mountain. 6. A ________ lake is an area of water surrounded by land. 7. A ________ 8. A ________ wood is a small forest. cave is a large hole in a cliff or a mountain. 9. A ________ 10. A ________ plateauis a large area of flat high ground..
Introduction-3. Matching (4ms)
cave shore slope
Introduction - 4. Quiz(3ms) Do the quiz about the
(1) The Yangtze River is the _____ river in the world. The Three Gorges (a) longest (b) second longest (c) third longest (2) It flows from the Himalayas in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the ______. (a) south (b) north (c) east (3)The world’s biggest dam was opened on the Yangtze River in ________. (a) 2001 (b) 2003 (c) 2005
Post-reading-1. Discussion (3ms)
Imagine you’re going on trip through the Three Gorges . Which of these topics will you talk about: the boat
life along the river the scenery the weather
Reading & Vocabulary -2. Scanning (5ms) Find
out the answers to the following questions.
1. Who took a trip along the Three Gorges?
Peter Hessler and his colleague.
2. Where were they from?
They were from America.
3. Where did they start their trip?
The town of Fuling.
4. When did they start their trip?
On a beautiful afternoon.
Reading & Vocabulary -3. Skimming (5ms)
Complete the statements about the writer’s journey.
1. Peter and his friend went downstream _____. (a) to see the dam (b) to see the Three gorges (c) to get to Fuling 2. He choose the Jiangyou boat because _____. (a) it was crowded (b) it didn’t stop at temples (c) it didn’t usually carry foreigners. 3. When they started the trip it was ______. (a) sunny (b) cold (c) evening
4. When the boat went through the first gorge. Peter and his friend _____. (a) took lots of photographs (b) spent most of the time on deck (c) were asleep 5. When they reached the site of the dam _______ came to look. (a) everyone (b) no one (c) only the foreigners
6. Peter was impressed by the Yangtze River’s sense of ______. (a) power (b) history (c) danger
Reading & Vocabulary -4. Filling (5ms) Fill in the
A Trip Along the Three Gorges Time Passengers Means of transportation What they saw and what they did
From Fuling to Fengdu Along the Qutang Gorge
Along the Wu Gorge Coming out of the Xiling Gorge
A Trip Along the Three Gorges Time Passengers Means of transportation
during the Spring Festival,1997 Peter Hessler and his colleague
boat the sun setting slept through it Xiang River, home of Qu Yuan rocks, streams, and hills
flag blowing, a sign, took pictures and pointed at the site
What they saw and what they did From Fuling to Fengdu Along the Qutang Gorge
Along the Wu Gorge
Coming out of the Xiling Gorge
Reading & Vocabulary -5. Filling (5ms) Complete
the definitions of the words in the box.
1 A _______________ construction site is the place where sth is being built. 2 To _________ trade means to buy and sell things. rush somewhere you go there quickly. 3. If you _______ Distant is the opposite of near. 4. _________ Goods are things you can buy or sell. 5. ________ legend 6. A __________ is a very old story which is probably not true. sets in the west. 7. The sun rises in the east and ______ poet is someone who writes poems. 8. A _______ colleague is someone who works with you. 9. A __________ Bamboo is a plant which grows quickly and is used 10. __________ to make furniture.
Reading & Vocabulary -6. Filling (5ms) Match the
words with their definition.
characters deck exploit
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.
a place where boats load and unload
a Buddhist temple a change of route a floor on a boat marks or signs used in writing to use or take advantage of
dock raft pagoda detour deck characters exploit
a simple boat made of pieces of wood tied together
Try to find some information about the Three Gorges on Internet. Then show it to the classmates tomorrow.
Module 4 A Trip Along the Three Gorges
Listening and Speaking
Listening & Speaking-1.Speaking (5ms) Describe the pictures on page 45.
Picture 1: They are having a lecture. Picture 2: A boy is flying the kite on the seaside. Picture 3: They are dancing. Picture 4: He is smoking while eating.
Picture 5: A person is swimming in the river.
Picture 6: She is taking photos.
Listening & Speaking -2.Listening (4ms) Listen to the conversation and decide where the speakers are.
A : on a boat B: in a travel agency C: on a television programme
D: at passport control in an airport
Listening & Speaking -3. Answering (5ms) Listen to the tape again and answer the following questions.
? What is the listening passage mainly about?
It’s mainly about what you can do and what you can’t do on a classic Three Gorges cruise.
? What are the on-board activities?
They are welcome party, lectures on history and culture, disco, Tai Chi and kite flying.
TO: I’m interested in booking a classic _______ Three Gorges ______. cruise Can you tell me something about the boats? TA: Yes, certainly. They’re big modern boats, and they all have professional ____________ Englishspeaking _________. directors You can choose between western and Chinese cuisine. activities ? TO: Right. What about on-board ___________________ TA: Well, first of all there’s the welcome party. passengers use his The captain lets _____________________ cabin for that. ______
Listening & Speaking -4.Extra-listening(6m) Listen to the tape,and fill in the blanks.
TO: That sounds fun…. TA: Then there are ________ lecturesevery evening on ____________________ history and culture -- you don’t have to go to them, of course. TO: Good, I’m glad they’re not compulsory. What about other entertainment ______________ ? TA: Well, there’s an on-board disco every night. traditional TO: Great. And are there any ____________ Chinese activities. TA: Yes, there are. You can do ___________ Tai Chi and kite flying and you can even learn some __________, Chinese.
TO: What about swimming in the Yangtze River? TA: No, swimming from the boat is __________. forbidden It’s too __________. dangerous TO: Oh, I see. Are there any other rules I should know? TA: There aren’t a lot of rules. But the boats are nonsmoking __________ --- so you’re not allowed except in your to smoke anywhere ________ lounge cabin and in the smoking _______. TO: I see.
TA: And passengers are _______________ required totake
their passports with them every time
go on shore they ____________.
TO: Yes, of course. And ________________ we’re allowed to
take photos of the ______? dam
TA: Oh yes, ___________________ there’s no problem about
Write a Travel Guide for the visitors who are going to the
classic Three Gorges cruise.
Module 4 A Trip Along the Three Gorges
Grammar Function Speaking
Function - 1. Exercises (5ms) Finish the exercises on Activity 1 , on page 45.
1.The captain lets passengers use his cabin.
2.There are lectures – but you don’t have to go to B them. 3.Swimming from the boat is forbidden.
4. You’re not allowed to smoke.
5.Passengers are required to take their passports C with them.
Function -2.Filling(3ms) Use the correct
expressions to fill in the chart.
You don’t have to / You must/have to You’re required to aren’t required to It is necessary to… It’s not necessary to You’re allowed to You can / may… You aren’t allowed / can’t / shouldn’t … You can’t / mustn’t You’re forbidden to It’s against rules to
Speaking –1 . Speaking (5ms) Look at the signs and explain their meanings.
People who do not live in the European Union have to go this way.
FLIGHT AZ457 PARIS CHECK IN DESK 12
People who want to get on flight AZ457 to Paris should check in Desk 12
Smoking is forbidden. No smoking.
The use of mobile phones is forbidden.
MAX WEIGHT FOR THIS FLIGHT:20kg
You are not allowed to take a case which weighs more than 20kg onto this flight.
Don’t leave your luggage unattended!
Don’t leave your luggage on its own anywhere.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Grammar-1.Filling (3ms) They could ______ go anywhere they wished. You shouldn’t _________ go on those ships. There _______ won’t be any other foreigners. We just had ________ to show our passports. We could ______ see the sun setting behind the white pagoda.
Indicate an ability to do something use to give advice make a prediction about the future the past form of must the permission to do something
could(1) shouldn’t won’t had to could(5)
Grammar-2. Correction (5ms) Correct the mistakes and say why.
? John shoulds go to school on time.
should ? At that time we thought we musted hand in our must paper.
? You must to finish your homework in time. ? We don’t can be there tomorrow.
can’t ? They should may do that. should / may
? Two eyes can see more than one. ? I am so strong that I can lift this stone.
? He said that Jack couldn’t finish his work in such a
short time. ? Could you follow my step? ? He is only four, but he is able to read. ? She was able to do it without my help. ? Will you be able to come to my party tomorrow?
be able to 有时态变化
? You can go now. ? I won’t let you down. ? Could I say it in Chinese? ? May I know your name? ? Would you mind closing the door?
强 语 气 弱
? Shall we dance?
? Might I have a word with you?
表许可,征询 意见 could / may / would / shall / might
? There must be a mistake. ? You may walk ten miles without seeing a house.
? He might get there on time.
? It can be true. ? In those days few workers could support their
语 气 弱
may, might, can, could
? She can’t be serious. ? We couldn’t have done better. ? People may not pick flowers in this garden. ? She was afraid they might not like the idea.
强 语 气 弱
may not, might not
? We mustn’t waste our time.
? They shouldn’t left so soon.
? You’d better not disturb him.
mustn’t, shouldn’t had better not
Grammar-8. Observation(2ms) ? You should do what your parents tell you.
? If you can’t finish the book by then, you must
come and renew it.
? This is a lovely party, but we have to go
because of the baby-sister.
? The bridge was not wide enough so that
somebody had to give way. should, must 表义务(应该) have to 有时态变化
Grammar-9. Conclusion (2ms) 词义 Modals
can, could, be able to
can, will, may, could, would, 许可,征询意见 shall, might 猜测，可能性 must, may, might, can, could mustn’t, shouldn’t, had 禁止 better not 义务,应该 should, must, have to
Grammar-6. Practice 历年高考题 1. -- Mum, I’ve been studying English since 8 o’clock. ___ I go out and play with Tom for a while?
-- No, I’m afraid not. Besides, it’s raining outside now.
A. Can’t C. May not B. Wouldn’t D. Won’t
2. I ____ pay Tracy a visit, but I’m not sure whether I will have time this Sunday.
3. Children under 12 years of age in that country ____ be under adult supervision when in a public library.
4. You ____ be tired – you’ve only been working for an hour.
A. must not
D. may not
5. You might just well tell the manufacturer that male customers _____ not like the design of the furniture. A. must B. shall C. may D. need
6. A left-luggage office is a place where bags _____ be left for a short time, especially at a railway station.
7. -- Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report. -- You ____ have my computer if you don’t take care of it.
B. might not
8. Hundreds of jobs ____ if the factory closes.
C. are lost
B. will be lost
D. will lose
9. Rainforests ____ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. A. cut B. are cut
C. are being cut
D. had been cut
10. The first use of atomic weapons was in 1945, and their power _____ increased enormously ever since. A. is B. was C. has been D. had been
Homework 1. Finish the related exercises on WB. 2. Review the grammar of this period.
Module 4 A Trip Along the Three Gorges
Writing Culture corner
Culture corner –1. Brainstorm (2ms) Do you know what it is?
Culture corner -2.Answering (5ms) Read the passage and answer the questions.
1. Where did he travel recently? 2. Is there anything special in his home? What is it? 3. What rules does he follow when he sticks a pin in the map? 4. What does he think of New Zealand/Italy/China?
5. What does he take with him wherever he goes?
1. Where did he travel recently? Malvinas islands. 2. Is there anything special in his home? What is it? A large map of the world. There are hundreds of little red pins stuck in it. 3. What rules does he follow when he sticks a pin in the map? I’m allowed to stick one in only if I’ve been a place for more than 24 hours. 4. What does he think of New Zealand/Italy/China? Wonderful / favorite / a country of the future. 5. What does he take with him wherever he goes? A photo of his wife, a candle, a torch, a shirt…
Writing- 1. Exercises (2ms) Finish the exercise of Activity 3, on page 48.
? immense region ? remote areas ? steep slopes ? fertile plains
? very big region
? the place which is far away ? the slopes which go sharply
up and down ? the plains which is good for growing things
Writing- 2. Exercises (2ms) Make a list of adj. + n. combinations in the passage.
home province, immense region,
varied landscape, remote areas,
steep slopes, high plateau, fertile plains,
beautiful province, Heavenly Kingdom,
famous river, long journey, beautiful spot
Writing- 3. Filling (5ms) Read the description and identify the province.
hilly mountains; high plateau; fertile plains
The Heavenly Kingdom; four rivers
Writing- 4. Description(5ms) Write a short description of the region you live in. You should: ? Say where the region is; ? Describe the main geographical features; ? Give your opinion; ? Explain a meaning. You can use the following sentence structures: ? I think… ? There are many… It is located in… ? It’s famous for…
Writing- 5. Writing(15ms) Write a short description of the region you live in .
Writing- 6. Peer checking and rewriting (5m) Read your
writing to your partner. Check and rewrite your writing according to the following. Then share it with the whole class.
?Are you clear what happen(4Wand H)? ?Do you know the writer’s attitude and emotion? ?Are there any good connecting words or phrases? ?Are there any good phrases or sentences? ?Are there any spelling mistakes?
My home Province Shanxi is located in the north of China. It is rather hot in summer and cold in winter. There are many hilly mountains, but basin is flat. The beautiful Fen River runs through it. It has all kinds of products, such as rice, wheat, cotton, and coal. People call it “home of coal”, because it is famous for the abundant coal.
I think it is a beautiful province. There are many places of historic interest and scenic beauty, such as Jinci Temple, the Yungang Grottoes and so on. Many visitors come to visit Shanxi. I love Shanxi.
Write some rules for travellers arriving in your
hometown. Pay attention to the following things:
1. What travellers must do when they arrive 2. What they aren’t allowed to do 3. How they can find somewhere to stay 4. How they can get help
Language Date Bank
?Language points for Reading
Language Date Bank
1. be to do sth 表将来
? 表示计划 安排要做的事
A farewell party is to be held this evening. We are to visit the Three Gorges tomorrow. ? 表示将来注定要发生的事 All these things are to be answered for. 所有这一切都是要偿还的。 ? 表示上级对下级的命令，或父母对子女的要求 The boss said,“ You’re to meet Mr. Li at the airport.” “You’re to finish your homework before you watch TV,” Mother said.
Language Date Bank
2. see the sun setting 看到太阳正在落下
? see sb. doing
看见某人正在做… ? see sb. do 看见某人做了… 昨晚我看见他出去了。 I saw him go out last night. 我看见他在偷商店里的钱。 I saw him stealing money from the shop. He was seen to go out last night. He was seen stealing money from the shop. see do 改为被动语态时，要用be seen to do
Language Date Bank
3. each, 和some, any, no, every构成的复合词，都 当作单数看待.
我们每个人都有些话要说。 Each of us has something to say. 大家都准备好了吗？ Is everybody ready? 有人在用电话。 Somebody is using the phone. 但none和neither等及其构成的短语做主语时，谓语动 词单复数皆可。 ? None of them has / have arrived at the stop.
? ? ? ? ? ? ?
Language Date Bank On the top of the mountain ______ is a tall tree. is a ? He came to a small village, in front of which ______ big rock. hang two loudspeakers. ? On the wall ______ 墙上挂着两个喇叭。 are Christmas trees, flowers, ? Among the goods _______ candles and toys.
Language Date Bank -Practice ? 我们下个月有20天的假期。
We’ve (got) 20 days/20-day off next month.
His voice sounds strange on the telephone.
? 你穿过这道大门，就看到左面的房子了。 ? 绕道去参观一下这村子是值得的。
Go through this gate, and you’ll see the house on your left. It’s worth making a detour to see the village.
? 空气中弥漫着浓郁的花香(the scent of flowers)。
The air is heavy with the scent of flowers.
Our new offices are still under construction.
? ? ? ?
秋收就要开始了。 Autumn harvest is about to start. 为了拓宽道路只好把人行道弄窄。 In order to widen the road they had to narrow the pavement. 太阳从东边生起，从西边落下。 The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 这处名胜充满了历史文化。 This place of interest is heavy with historical culture.
我们不许在阅览室里抽烟。 We don’t allow smoking in the reading room.
We aren’t allowed to smoke in the reading room.
Language Date Bank - Complete the following sentences. 1. 他和另一位同事将在那里的一所教师进修学院任教两 年。 He and a colleague _______ were _______ to _______ spend two years there teaching English at a teacher training college. 2. 我们目睹太阳在白塔后西沉，美丽极了。
We could see the sun _______ setting behind the white pagoda. It was beautiful.
3. 船到巫山时，我们绕道溯游大宁河，观赏了几处小峡 谷。 At Wushan we _______ made _______ a _______ detour up the Daning River to see some of the smaller gorges.
4. 块块巨石形象各异，条条支流都流淌着传说，座座小 山承载着过往。
Every rock _______ looked _______ like a person or animal, every stream that _______ joined the great river ________ carried its legends, every hill ________ was ________ heavy ________ with the past. 5. 我们不可以下船。
We weren _______ ’t ________ allowed _______ to get off the boat.
6. 远山上写着20英尺大的汉字“建造三峡大坝，开发长 江资源”。
On a ________ distant mountain was a _______ sign in 20-foot characters. “________ Build the Three Gorges Dam, _________ Exploit the Yangtze River,” it said.