3．alongside adv.在旁边；沿着边 prep.在??旁边；
任命 5．evaluate vt.评估；评价；估计→evaluation n．评估
6．wave n．波浪；波涛 vi.波动；起伏；挥手
7．absolute adj.绝对的；完全的→absolutely adv.绝对地 8．suit n．一套外衣；套装；vt.适合；使适宜→suitable adj. 合适的 9．potential n．潜在性；可能性；潜能 adj.可能的；潜在的 10．actual adj.实在的；实际的→actually adv.实际地
●重点短语 1．be compared with... 与……相比
3．be appointed as 被委派为…… 4．burn to the ground 全部焚毁 5．be about to do sth. 即将做某事；马上就要做某事 6．make one’s way 前往
Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1．Yet， however weak we are , we are not completely powerless. 可是，无论我们多么弱，我们也不是完全无能为力。 2．I
was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom
became as bright as day. 我刚要再睡，突然我的卧室亮如白昼。 3．Having collected and evaluated the information , I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. 收集和评估这些信息之后，我就帮助其他科学家一起预测熔岩接 着将往何处流，流速是多少
4.The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some lava for later study, but this _________________________I being my first experience stayed at the top and watched them. 另外两人爬下火山口去收集供日后研究用的岩浆，我是第一 次经历这样的事，所以留在山顶上观察他们。
alongside prep. 在……旁边; 沿着……的边
alongside the road The car was parked _________________ and struck by a thief.
alongside adv. 在旁边；沿着边
alongside The boat pulled up __________.
equipment n. 装备，设备
pieces of equipment a piece of equipment
equip vt. & vi. 装备，配备；使有准备
equip sb. /sth. with … 用……装备…… equip sb. for … 使某人为……作好准备 The soldier is equipped ____________ with a gun. _____
protect … from / against … 保护……使其免受……
The hats can _______ protect the beauties’ faces from______ the sun.
【双语释义】 【学情诊断】 (1)完成句子
vt.任命；委任(choose sb. for)；安排，确定(时间、
①We need to appoint a time to meet 我们需要定个时间再见面。 ②We must appoint someone
to be/as secretary.
我们必须指定一个人来当秘书。 ③She made an appointment for her son to see the doctor. 她为儿子约定了看医生的时间。
The whole world _____________ is covered with snow.
burn...to the ground 全部焚毁?? burn down 火力减弱 burn up 烧起来，旺起来； burn off 烧掉某物 burn away 逐渐烧完；
burn...to death 烧死
(1)The house was ______ burnt ______ to ______ the ______. ground 那所房子被彻底焚毁了。 (2)This exercise helps you to ______ burn ______ off fat . 这项锻炼有助于消耗脂肪，使肌肉强健。
(3)Half the candle have ______ burnt ______. away
马丁向我们挥手告别。 Martin waved us goodbye.
旗帜在风中飘扬。 The flags were waving in the wind. 她的头发自然鬈曲。 Her hair waves naturally.
Quite a few people are late for work __________ because of all kinds of reasons.
There is ___________ quite a little equipment in the factory.
他的所述是十足的谎言。 His story was ______________. an absolute lie
他刚才说的完全是真实的。 What he just said is ______________. absolutely true 当然不！我不喜欢北京烤鸭。 Absolutely not I do not like Peking Duck. _____________!
suit n．一套外衣；套装 vt.适合；使适宜 be suitable for sb./sth.适合于某人/某物 be suitable to do sth.适合做某事
Every woman teacher in our school has _______. a suit
需要等。 多指大小、色调、形状、性质等方面的搭配。 多指大小、尺寸合适，引申为“吻合，协调”。
【活学活用】 用 match，suit，fit 的适当形式填空 (1)If you want to go by bus，that suits me fine. (2)Her shoes
match her dress；they look very well together. fits
me well and its color matches me.
(3)The size of the shirt my tie, so it
make one’s way to … 前往某地，设法进入 e.g. They make their way through the forest. You should make your way to the coast.
fight feel lose
【双语释义】前往；到??地方去(head for) 【学情诊断】 根据句意用含有 way 的短语填空 (1)Exhausted，he made his way to/towards the hotel.
pickedwinds her way The river its (2)She
way to the sea. between the piles of books.
(3)There was no light，so we had to feel our way in the dark. (4)She tried to push her way to the front of the crowd.
in the way 妨碍，阻挡
in a/one way 在某种程度上
in no way 决不
all the way 一路上；一直
1. However, the most important thing about my job is that I help protect ordinary people from one of the most powerful forces on earth–the volcano. 然而，最重要的是，通过我的工作能保 护普通百姓免遭火山的威胁 — 这是世 界上最大的自然威力之一。
此句为主系表结构，主语为the most… 表语从句 ， my job, 表语为that引导的_________ one of the most powerful forces on
earth等于___________. the volcano
1. My hope is ___ he will become a doctor in the future. A. if B. whether C. that D. what 2. Our village is no longer ____ over twenty years ago. A. what was it B. what it was C. the village what was D. what was the village
2. Having collected and evaluated the information, I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast.
收集和评估了这些信息之后，我就帮助 其他科学家一起预测下次火山熔岩将往 何处流去，流速是多少。
此句中having collected and evaluated the 状语 predict后有一 information作句子的_____; 宾语从句 和一个____ how 引 个______ where 引导的_________ 宾语从句 how fast后省略了lava 导的_________, from the volcano will flow next. 写完作业后，他就回家了。 Having finished his homework, he went ______________ home.
【学情诊断】 用动词的ing形式改写下列句子 (1)As I came out of my house，I saw the volcano erupting. → Coming out of my house ，I saw the volcano erupting. (2)When she woke up in the middle of the night，she saw her room was as bright as day. →Waking up in the middle of the night ，she saw her room was as bright as day.
(3)She sat at the desk and read a newspaper. →She sat at the desk reading a newspaper . (4)As I had never seen a volcano erupting before，I was very excited. → Never having seen a volcano erupting before very excited. (5)It rained heavily so that it caused severe flooding in the area. →It rained heavily，causing severe flood in the area . ，I was
3. This is because no one lives near the top of Mount Kilauea, where the rocks fall. 这是因为在岩石下落的基拉韦厄火山 顶附近无人居住。 表语 where 此句中because引导的从句作_____, 引导的从句为非限制性定语从句 ________________。
I shall never forget those years _____ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _____ has a great effect on my life. A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which
4. I was about to go back to sleep when suddenly my bedroom became as bright as day. 我刚要回去睡觉，这时我的卧室突然变 得亮如白昼。 此句用了be about to do… when… 句型, 正要做……这时…… 等于 意思是___________________, be on the point of doing … when … _______________________________.
我正要出门去你家辅导你英语，这时我叔 叔来了。 I ______________ was about to go to your home to help you with your English _____ when my uncle came. 我正在街上走着，这时我看见了我的老朋 友玛丽。 was walking in the street _____ I ____________ when I saw my old friend Mary.
had finished my work _____ when you called I ___________ me.
The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some
lava for later study, but this_being_my_first_experience,_I
stayed at the top and watched them.另外两人爬下火山口去 收集供日后研究用的岩浆，我是第一次经历这样的事，所以 留在山顶上观察他们。 句中this being...是独立主格结构。
①I heard that she got injured in the accident, my heart full of worry.(表示结果) 听说她在这场事故中受了伤，我内心充满了担忧。 ②The rain having stopped, he went out for a walk. 雨停了，他出去散步。(表示原因) ③More time given, we should have done it much better.
④The huntsman entered the forest, gun in hand. 那位猎人手里提着枪走进了森林。(表示补充说明) ⑤Hundreds of people went out of the cinema, some in pairs,
（1） He ________________________( being ill(=As he was ill) 他病了), his wife was anxious. being Sunday today(=As it is （2） It ___________________________ Sunday today) 今天是星期天), we don’t ______________( go to school.
（3）Everyone_____________________ being ready(=Since/As ___________________ everyone was ready) (准备好), the teacher began his class. being fine(=As the （4 ）The weather_________________ weather was fine) (天气晴朗), we made up ________________ our mind to go for a picnic. being no classes(=As there （5）There___________________________ were no classes) 没有课) in the afternoon, ________________( all the students were playing happily on the playground.
What does the writer find impressive about volcanoes even after studying them for 20 years? impressive adj. 给人深刻印象的 impress v. —impression n. –impressive adj. an impressive ceremony, speech, performance 1.His collection of paintings is most impressive. 2.The girl ____________ impressed ( impress) us with her liveliness and sense of humour. impression on 3. His first speech made a strong __________ his audience. ( impress)