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牛津高中英语模块1Unit2 growing


Module 1 Unit 2

Project (1)

Am I useful?

Would I be happier if I were someone else?

They never gave me a chance to defend myself. I hate them.

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Anyhow, they didn’t trust me .They don’t deserve an explanation.

Why didn’t they ask me what happened instead of shouting at me ?

Do you have similar experiences? What are your growing pains?

Misunderstand independ ence

study hard
Growin g pains

loneliness

Growing pains

?1. Learn something about different kinds of growing pains and the reasons. 2. prepare to give an oral report on growing pains

Pre-reading questions

What happened ?

fat VS thin short VS tall

I want to fly

Psychological changes

I want to be loved.

But I prefer to be alone.

Social changes

Growing pains do not last, everything turns out OK

?1.经历 ?3失去控制 ?5把……当作 ?7.趋向;易于 ?9.依靠,取决于

2.逐日 4和……在一起 6对……感到困惑 8. 在这方面 10.结果是

Useful expressions
1. 经历go through 2. 逐日 day by day 3. 失去控制 out of control 4. 和……一起 along with 5. 把……当作 be thought of as 6. 对……感到困惑 be/become confused with/about 7. 趋向,易于 tend to 8. 在这方面 in this regard 9. 依赖 depend on 10. 结果是 turn out

Reading

?很多青少年感到孤独,好像没有人理解他 们以及他们正在经历的变化。 ?1. as if ?as if = as though 好像,似乎 与as though用法基本一致

As if 引导从句时,如果表示的情况

与客观事实相符,用陈述语气;
It looks as if it is going to

rain.
如果表示的情况与客观事实不相符或 相反,用虚拟语气.
.

1.与现在事实相反:一般过去式 Mary loves the baby so much as if she were his mother. 2.与过去事实相反:过去完成时 He talked about America as if he had been there before. 3.与将来事实相反: would/could/might+动词原形 He opened his mouth as if he would say something.

Wish和as though/if 引导的从句是不真实的或极 ★ 少有可能发生或存在的情况时,从句用虚拟语气
?(1)表示与现在事实相反,动词用过去时,be动 词用were

?(2)与过去事实相反,用过去完成时had done ?(3)从句表示与将来事实相反,谓语动词用 “would/could/might+动词原形

我希望我是一只小鸟。 I wish I were a bird.
他看上去似乎已经知道了答案。 He looked as if/though he had known the answer.

看来好像要下雪了。 It looks as if it might snow.

?★go through ⒈经历,经受 她童年时期经历了许多艰难困苦。 She went through many hardships in her childhood.
2. 通过,穿过 go through the door/ hole

3. 浏览,翻阅

?我们花了好几天的时间翻阅了相关的书籍。 ?We spent several days going through the related books . ? 4. 仔细检查,搜查 ?在海关,他们检查了我们的行李。 ?They went through our luggage at the customs.

?日子一天天过去,而所有的事情似乎都是 不同的,可又都是一成不变的. ?Day by day 逐日,一天天

?生活似乎从来都没有过得足够快; ?而从另一方面来看,生活过得似乎太快甚 至于失控,就像开赛车一样。 ?别人也有同感吗?

?out of control 不受控制,失去控制 ?out of + n. 表示状态 ?Guess the meaning: ? 看不到 ?Out of sight ? 摆脱困难 ?Out of trouble ? 不流行 ?Out of fashion ?Out of order ?Out of danger ? 出故障 ? 脱离危险

1.Why do many teenagers feel lonely?
Because these teenagers feel that no one

understands them and the changes they are
going through.

?这感觉是青春期——介于孩童与成人之间 的人生阶段——的正常组成部分。 ?These feelings are a common part of adolescence.

These feelings are a common part of adolescence. Common:普遍的,一般的,常见的。 Ordinary 表示“普通的,平常的”。侧重“平凡的, 普通的” usual意为“通常的,惯常的”,含有“由于长时间 没有变化而形成了一种习惯或制度, 强调习惯性,一 贯如此”之意,其反义词为unusual。 normal : 正常的,正规的,常态的。(人的精神,身体)正 常发育的。其反义词为abnormal

◆ Pine trees arecommon in many parts of the world. 松树在世界上许多地方都很常见
◆ Things have returned to normal . 事情已恢复常态 ◆ He is an/a ordinary looking person. 他是一个相貌平常的人。 ◆He comes to school at seven as usual . 象往常一样他七点来到了学校。

?而且,虽然有时难以相信,并非只有你是这样— —每一个成年人都经历过青春期,而你的朋友和 你一样正经历这个阶段。 ?Along with 与……一起 ?The headmaster ,along with the students, _____going outing this week. ?A is B are ?A along with B 谓语动词的单复数取决于A
?类似的还有 as well as ; with; together with ;besides; except; but

★Alone ,lonely 巅峰对决
? He stays at home alone. ? 他独自一人在家。 (后置,独自的,单独的) ? She lives on a lonely island. ? 她生活在一个荒岛上。 (前置,指地方,“荒无人烟 的”) ? She lives alone, but she does not feel lonely. ? 她自己一个人住,但是她不感到孤独。

alone lonely The old man lives______ on a ____ island, lonely but he doesn’t feel ______. A.alone;lonely;alone B.lonely;alone;lonely C.alone;lonely;lonely D.alone;alone;lonely 那位老人独自一人生活在孤岛上,但他并不感 到孤独。

对青少年而言,感到孤单和被误解是很普 遍的。
? It is common for teenagers to feel lonely and misunderstood.(对于青年人来说感到孤独和误 解是正常的。) ? ★It is+adj.+for sb.+to do sth. 对某人来说某事 是…… ? 其中It做形式主语,后面的不定式to feel lonely and misunderstood是真正的主语。
? e.g:对我来说,学好英语很难。 ? It is difficult for me to learn English well.

?这些情况可以看作是成长的烦恼——是青 少年迈向成年时时所面对的困难。 ?be thought of as ?把……当作

2.What are the growing pains?
The difficulties that teenagers faces as
they grow to adults.

?3 在青少年成长的时候,对自己无论心理 还是生理的状态变化感到困惑,这些都是 正常现象。 ?Be confused about/by 对…感到困惑

?在青春期,青少年经历着身体上的巨大变 化。
?他们个子长高,声音变低沉,以及其他方 面的成长发育变化。

?4与这些生理变化相随的,还有很多心理上 的变化。

Boys and girls tend to be different in this regard.
?男孩和女孩在这一方面往往有些不同。 tend to do sth 易于做某事,往往做某事 tend to/ towards 倾向于,趋于 tend (to )sb 照料某人 in this regard 在这方面

?很多男孩成为冒险者——他们希望找到自 己以及周边世界的极限,但也许并不具有 足够智慧以对相应行为做出正确的抉择。 ?limit n.限制,极限,v.限制

?与此同时,女孩则通常需要和某人——或 任何人——进行交谈,因为她们正试图面 对自己强烈的情感。

P5:在大千社会中,随着青少年的成长,他们 都努力去自力更生。 depend on 依赖,依靠

他们或许迫切需要父母的关爱,却又感觉很疏 远;他们或许想要成为团体的一员,但又渴 望独立。
正因为青少年在平衡这些需要时存在困难,所 以他们经常质疑自己到底是谁,如何融入这 个社会。

5.Have difficulty (in) doing sth. ?=have trouble doing sth. ?=have trouble/difficulty with sth. 做某事有困难 difficulty 前可加some/little/no ? 回答这个问题对我而言有困难。 ?I have some difficulty in answering this question.

3.How many different kinds of growing pains are mentioned in this article? What are they?
Three. They are physical, psychological and social growing pains.

4.What are the differences between the boys and girls in psychological changes?
Boys became risk-takers while girls often want someone to talk to.

P6:好在这些成长的烦恼并不会持续很久。最 终一切都会好起来——青少年成长为健康 的成年人,而青春期的变化和挑战则转变 为成年人生活的种种变化和挑战。
?turn out 结果是 ?tread 踏板

Para 6
?The good news is that these kinds of last growing pains don’t _______. In the turns out end everything __________ OK.

1.Why do many teenagers feel lonely?
2.What are the growing pains?

3.How many different kinds of growing pains
are mentioned in this article? What are they? 4.What are the differences between the boys and girls in psychological changes?

Three parts:

Summary the main ideas of each part
Part Part one Paragraph Main idea Many teenagers feel lonely and are Paragraphs going through many changes. 1-2 These changes are part of adolescence. Physical changes and psychological changes happen inside teenagers. They become confused and want to know how to fit in society.

Part two

Paragraphs 3-5

Part three

Paragraph 6

Growing pains do not last long.

Paras3-5

fill in the blanks

Physical It is________for them to normal confused changes become_________with the changing outside world both inside and______ of them.

risk-takers Many boys become__________--they limits Psycholo want to find the______of their own and the world around them,but they gical choices can’t make good_______.Girls try changes to__________their feelings. deal with As teenagers get older, they struggle independent to be___________.They have many Social changes needs,but they have difficulty blancing these needs,so they often question who they are and how they in society fit__________.

changes

Listen to the tape

True or false

1.It is uncommon for teenagers to feel lonely and misunderstood ( F ) 2.As teenagers grow, they grow taller but their voices don’t change.( F ) 3.Besides these physical changes, there come many psychological changes.( T ) 4.Because of many psychological changes, many boys become risk-takers while girls often don’t want someone--anyone--to talk to.( F ) 5.The adolescent may want and need their parents’ love very much, but feel distant. T

Homework
? Review what you have learnt in this class ? Preview the group work and be ready to perform in the next class

P1 :很多青少年感到孤独,好像没有人理解他们以及他 们正在经历的变化。日子一天天过去,而所有的事情似乎都 是不同的,可又都是一成不变的。生活似乎从来都没有过得 足够快;而从另一方面来看,生活过得似乎太快甚至于失控, 就像开赛车一样。别人也有同感吗?
P2: 这感觉是青春期——介于孩童与成人之间的人生阶 段——的正常组成部分。而且,虽然有时难以相信,并非只 有你是这样——每一个成年人都经历过青春期,而你的朋友 和你一样正经历这个阶段。对青少年而言,感到孤单和被误 解是很普遍的。这些情况可以看作是成长的烦恼——是青少 年迈向成年时时所面对的困难。

?

3在青少年成长的时候,对自己无论心理还是 生理的状态变化感到困惑,这些都是正常现象。在 青春期,青少年经历着身体上的巨大变化。他们个 子长高,声音变低沉,以及其他方面的成长发育变 化。 4与这些生理变化相随的,还有很多心理上的 变化。男孩和女孩在这一方面往往有些不同。很多 男孩成为冒险者——他们希望找到自己以及周边世 界的极限,但也许并不具有足够智慧以对相应行为 做出正确的抉择。与此同时,女孩则通常需要和某 人——或任何人——进行交谈,因为她们正试图面 对自己强烈的情感。

?

P5:在大千社会中,随着青少年的成 长,他们都努力去自力更生。他们或许 迫切需要父母的关爱,却又感觉很疏远; 他们或许想要成为团体的一员,但又渴 望独立。正因为青少年在平衡这些需要 时存在困难,所以他们经常质疑自己到 底是谁以i就如何融入这个社会。

P6:好在这些成长的烦恼并不会持 续很久。最终一切都会好起来——青少 年成长为健康的成年人,而青春期的变 化和挑战则转变为成年人生活的种种变 化和挑战。

?1. Learn the usage of some words and expressions ?2. learn to give an oral report on growing pains

?Read the passage again and finish the following exercises within 6 minutes.

Physical changes

Their body develops in many ways including growing taller and voices getting deeper .

*They have the feeling of loneliness, as if nobody can understand them. *They find the changing world both inside and outside of them confusing . *Many boys like taking risks to find their own limits and the limits of the world around them. *Girls need someone to talk to while dealing with their strong feelings. *They struggle to be independent ; meanwhile they need their parents’ love and want to be part of the group. ComGrowing pains are a common part ofadolescence , which ment adults have already gone through . But the pains don’t s last long and everything turns out OK in the end.

Psychological changes

? 短文填空(根据课文内容完成课文缩写)

Many teenagers feel lonely as if no one understands them. These feeling are a common part of adolescence. It is common 2. for teenagers to feel lonely and misunderstood. __
3.These feelings can be thought of as growing pains. ? As teenagers grow, it is 4.______(正常的) for them to become normal confused (confuse) with the changing world. Many boys 5 ______ become risk-takers-they want to find their own limits but may not wisdom have the 6.______(智慧) to make good choices. Teenagers independence balancing desire 7.______ (depend) but have difficulty 8.______ to fit (balance) these needs and don’t know how 9.______(fit) in society. won’t ? The good news is that it 10.______(not) last long and everything will turn out OK.

How to write a report
Background of the topic, present situation Detailed information to support your idea

Result/conclusion

?Tips ?1. the title should hit the point ?2. detailed information should be convincing , logically structured, and examples should be typical.

Growing pains

Discussion

What annoyed you most at present?
What are your growing pains?

? Which kind of growing pains most interest your group?
?Choose a topic and start your report as follows:

Planning
? Give roles to each group member: role 1 role 2 role 3 role 4 research write an outline of the report write the report provide art work for the report

learn some words which can be used in the preparation . ? ? teenager adolescence being of the age 13 through 19 the time life between child and adult

?
? ? ?

physical
psychological confused clearly independent

inside one’s body
in one’s mind being unable to understand or think being free from one’s control

?
?

misunderstand not able to understand correctly
normal not surprising ,not strange

Preparing
?Do research
(library magazines Internet experts)

?Write an outline
(a draft also need to be approved by other members)

?Chose the kind of art work to explain
(Photos pictures graphs)

Producing
? Follow the outline
? Look for the art work needed or produce it yourself ? All members should check the draft before writing the final version

Presenting
?Choose one member to show the report
?Answer the questions asked by your classmates

Show time


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