天水一中 2010 级 2012～2013 学年度第一学期第一次考试 英 语
第一卷（选择题 共 95 分） 第一部分 英语知识运用（共三节，满分 50 分) 第一节 语音知识（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，找出其划
线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项，并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. occur 2. exact 3. suggestion 4. break 5. stomach A. ocean A. expect A. impression A. great A. check B. recover B. exhibition B.question B. reasonable B. chicken C. position C. excellent C. competition C. scream C. character D. offer D. exist D. decision D. breathe D. achieve
第二节 语法和词汇知识（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 6. —Thanks for your help, but can you do me one more favor, please? —____ , sir. What’s it then? A. Just a minute down． A．the; a B．不填; a C．the; the D．a; the 8. —Let’s go to the theatre together, shall we ? — Please make it _________ day. I’m not quite myself today. A. any 9. B. one C. another D. some — Hello, Mr. Smith, could you tell me the final exam result？ —Sorry．The papers______． A．have been marked B．had been marked C．are still being marked 10 . —How is the result doctor? —Well, your health is ________ good, but you do have a few minor problems. A. normally B. generally C. frequently D. regularly 11. —When can I come for my photos? I need them urgently． —They ______be ready by 2: 00 p m, I think． A．should A．break A．can you B．might C． could D．would C．broken C．will you D．to break D．you will 12. Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier _____ into small pieces． B．breaking B．you can 13. Only if you work hard ________ be able to make rapid progress in your study． D．are still marking B. It’s my pleasure C. That’s right D. At your service 7. My mother asked me to repeat ______ telephone number _____ second time so that she could write it
14. After long and hard work, the police at last discovered the _____of the baby found by the side of a road. A. dialect B. identity C. situation 15. The boy went swimming in the deep lake， A． regardless of B． apart from A. where A．fail B. which C. that his mother's fear for his safety．
C．but for D． instead of D. when C． disappear D．damage
16. Bob is in a hopeless situation, _____ we will keep a very close eye on. 17. William found it increasingly difficult to read, for his eyesight was beginning to___． B．fall 18. We hope the bridge ________ the road ________ will be completed as soon as possible. We can't bear the inconvenience any more. A. of ; carried out C. on ; to be carried out tastes among the public. A. adapt to A． /, which B. attend to B．which, that C. adjust to D. appeal to D．that , that 20. It was the belief ____ Alex Haley could find his root in Africa ____made him decide to go to Zambia． C． that ,which 第三节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21~40 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It was a cold winter’s night when I stopped for gas on my way home from work. I was tired and had a slight 21 . 22 25 doctor’s office and this was one of those days when the unexpected happened, 23 than usual. It seemed I was going to be late 24 home and my person, would be ready to pronounce（宣布） me late once again. Maybe 27 for my gas when I noticed an older couple at the counter. I heard 29 a few I worked in a husband, being the 26 B. to ; being carried out D. to ; carrying out
19. There are varieties of programs in the TV station to ________ many different types of interests and
making the schedule run
I hurried, I could still make it home. I was heading inside to 28 to the local hospital. It was the same hospital that I had just 30
them asking for minutes ago.
The young man at the counter was trying to be other people making A look of 36 that. 34 31 . One of them was 32
in explaining how to get there, with two 33 ?”
trying to give them a whole different route back.
It was then that I walked over to the couple and said, “Would you like to follow me to the crossed the woman’s face. 35 “I’m going right by there,” I said, which wasn’t a(an)
since I had just made up my mind to do 37
I got in my car and began the journey back. I was trying to watch to be sure they were right me. It took only fifteen minutes to get there as rush hour traffic was beginning to than I had all day and my headache was nearly gone. Later, as I arrived home, my husband I said, “Sometimes it’s 21. A. headache 40 B. break 39 , “So you aren’t ever late any more.” C. cold D. fever to be late.” 38
. I felt better
D. noisy D. earlier D. getting D. careful D. since D. pay D. money D. visited D. skilled D. offers D. even D. hotel D. peace D. fact D. perfectly D. behind D. turn down D. laughed D. safe
22. A. foreign 23. A. simpler 24. A. working 25. A. punctual 26. A. as 27. A. change 28. A. opinions 29. A. reached 30. A. experienced 31. A. comments 32. A. only 33. A. station 34. A. relief 35. A. duty 36. A. partly 37. A. across 38. A. go up 39. A. teased 40. A. possible
B. common B. later B. cooking B. tough B. if B. search B. trouble B. left B. active B. promises B. still B. office B. panic B. lie B. properly B. before B. die down B. shouted B. special
C. busy C. easier C. calling C. generous C. while C. wait C. directions C. called C. helpful C. jokes C. ever C. hospital C. sadness C. reason C. exactly C. beside C. speed up C. burst C. good
第二部分 阅读理解（共 25 小题。第一节每小题 2 分，第二节每小题 1 分；满分 45 分） 第一节 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。
Everybody has had at least one experience from which he knows the meaning of life． This time, which took place several years ago, but seems as if it just happened． On an afternoon several years ago, my brother-in-law opened the bottom drawer of my sister's dress and picked out a beautiful skirt．"Jan bought this the first time we went to New York, at least 8 or 9 years ago．She never wore it．She was saving it for a special occasion．" he said．I guess this was the occasion: it was the funeral of my sister, after her unexpected death． He took the shirt and put it on bed, with the other clothes we were taking to the funeral．Then he closed the drawer and turned to me, "Don't ever save anything for a special occasion．Every day you're alive is a special occasion．" I'm thinking about his words, and they've changed the way I live my life． spending more time with I'm my family and friends and less time in committee meetings．Whenever possible, life should be a kind of experience to enjoy, not to suffer．"Someday" and "one of these days" are losing their importance on my vocabulary．If it's worth seeing or hearing or doing, I want to see and hear and do it now． Ever since that day, I have been trying very hard not to put off, hold hack or save anything that would add laughter and color to our lives． Every morning when I open my eyes． tell myself that every day, every I minute, every breath, truly is a gift．So cherish every day and find the true meaning of your life． 41．Why did Jan buy the beautiful skirt but didn't wear it?
A．She waited for a special occasion to wear it on． B．She wanted to keep it for someone else． C．She saved it till she grew up． D．She would give it to herself as a gift some day． 42．What does the underlined word "cherish" mean?
43．From his experience, the author learns that _______． A．everybody can have a happy life through efforts B．every day in our lives is worth cherishing C．enjoying ourselves is the most important thing in our lives D．everybody will have some things left to do after his death 44．What's the best title for this passage? A．What Is the Meaningful Life Like C． Every Day Is a Gift B The newspaper seller was a clean, neat man, of about forty with a rather serious, unsmiling face. He didn’t speak much to the customers or to his helpers, but when he did he spoke slowly and quietly, as if to himself. He believed in efficiency, not conversation. and this was how the office workers, rushing to catch their trains, preferred it. It had been a good day. Lunch-time had been warm and sunny, and many people had bought magazines to read outside with their sandwiches. Now it was cold rainy, and people wanted an evening paper for a cheerless joyless journey ahead and a dull evening indoors. At 6:30, with the main rush over, he started to collect the money together and count it. Then he left the stand and went home. It was the assistant’s turn this evening to look after it till eight o’clock, when it would be packed away for the night. His large white Mercedes was in the private car park of a large government building. He’d parked there for six months, pretending to be part of a heating firm working in the building. They would find out about him soon, and he’d have to park in a garage again, which was annoying. Their charges were far too high. A couple of junior clerks, regular customers, happened to see him getting into his car. “must be a lot of money in papers, eh?” one of them shouted. He just smiled coldly in reply, and got into the car, placing the bags of money on the floor. He thought about the clerks on the way home. Like the majority of his customers, despite their white shirts and dark suits, they probably made in a week as much as he could make in a good day. 45．It seems unlikely that the newspaper seller would be the sort of man who would ______. A．be a cheerful companion C．trust his assistant much A．sell papers until 8 o’clock C. count the money taken that day B．try to cheat a customer D．earn a great deal of money B．start selling magazines at 8 o’clock D．lock up the car park B．My Sister Jan D．The Most Important Time in Your Life
46．The assistant’s job that evening was to ______.
47．If they realized that he was not a heating engineer he would have to _______. A．park his car in a government car park B． pay to park his car in a garage
C．look for another free parking place A．badly dressed C．not as rich as himself
D．pretend he was a government employee
48．When the newspaper seller thought about the two clerks he decided they were _______ B. very well off D. not as hardworking as himself C They may be small and not able to speak, but babies are proving their amazing cleverness. Scientists began finding infants’ skills are more than they are supposed to be. _________ Speaking of music, babies can’t seem to resist it. Not only are their ears turned to the beats, babies can actually dance to the music. To test babies’ dancing ability, the researchers played recordings of classical music, rhythmic beats and speech to infants, and recorded the results. They also invited professional dancers to analyze how well the babies matched their movements to the music. The babies moved their arms, hands, legs feet and heads in response to the music, much more than to the speech. The finding suggests this dancing ability is innate(与 生俱来的) in humans, though the researchers aren’t sure why it becomes weaker later in their life. Learning Quickly while Sleeping Babies can learn even while asleep, according to a 2011 study. In experiment with 26 sleeping infants, each just 1 to 2 days old, scientists played a musical tone followed by a puff of air to their eyes 200 times over the course of a half hour. 124 electrodes(电极) stuck on the head and face of each baby recorded brain activity during the experiments. The babies rapidly learned to foretell a puff of air upon hearing the tone, showing a four-time increase on average in the chances of tightening their eyelids in response to the sound by the end of the experiments. As newborns spend most of their time asleep, this newfound ability might be crucial to rapidly adapting to the world around them and help to ensure their survival, researchers said. Judging Characters Well Judging another person helpful or harmful is crucial when choosing friends. And that ability starts early. Kiley Hamlin of Yale University showed both 6-and 10-month-olds a puppet(木偶) show, in which one character helped another climb a hill. In another scene a third character pushed the climber down. The little ones then got to choose which character they preferred. For both age groups, most babies chose the helper character. This character-judging ability could be baby’s first step in the formation of morals, Hamlin thought. 49. Which of the following subtitles can fill in the underlined blank? A. Dancing to Music C. Born to Dance. A. the finding C. the response B. Babies’ Amazing Abilities D. Learning to Dance Quickly B. the baby D. the dancing ability
50. The underlined word “it” in the third paragraph refers to______.
51. The experiment with 26 sleeping infants prove that_______. A. babies can communicate with others while asleep
B. babies can learn even while asleep C. babies can tighten their eyelids in response to the sound D. babies can respond to the world around them 52. In the last experiment, most babies chose the helper character, showing that________. A. babies can judge a person helpful or harmful B. babies love to see a puppet show C. babies were born to help others D. babes have learned to help others D Recently we’ve observed an increasing request from disadvantaged and regional schools for attending one of our zoo areas at no cost or partly paid some organizations. Zoos Victoria believes that all children should have the opportunity to have an early memory of visiting the zoo, and gain an understanding of the wild and natural world that humans share with animals. Zoos Victoria wins the support of the Ian Potter Foundation to help achieve this goal.
Funding available for schools to enter an educational program at Zoos Victoria in 2012
Applications are open from November 23, 2011 to February 12, 2012. Children from disadvantaged and originally isolated schools are provided with the opportunity to visit the zoo and attend an interactive education experience at no charge.
The program objectives are:
·To start developing “environmentalists” within low social and economic groups. · support the youth from disadvantaged backgrounds to have greater awareness of wildlife and have To ongoing opportunities to get relevant information about animals and the environment through the zoos’ website.
What is covered under the program?
· Travel to the zoo — transport costs will be partly or fully paid back to the school on the basis of the number of children applied for the program. · Student entry to one area of Zoos Victoria and an educational experience.
Which schools are able to take part in the program?
· Open to schools in Victoria. · Consideration will be given to schools that have not previously been able to enter one of our zoo areas, list as “disadvantaged” ones or come from regionally isolated areas. · Able to visit an area of Zoos Victoria within the 2012 school year. · Applications must be supported by the school principal. · Able to complete a short evaluation of the program.
How to apply for the program?
· Download the application forms. · Complete all the details, including a signature from your principal and attaching a quote for transport costs. · Return the application forms to Margaret Harwood at Zoos Victoria by email to email@example.com or by post to PO Box 74, Parkville, VIC 3052. · Please contact Margaret Harwood at 03 9285 9462, if there are any further questions.
53. Zoos Victoria wanted to help students in disadvantaged and regional schools _______. A. take action to protect wildlife in isolated areas B. raise money for wildlife in the zoo C. develop a passion for wildlife and nature D. learn more about plants and animals in the wild 54. Whether your transport costs are free or partly charged depends on _______. A. if you have a deep ecological understanding B. what connections you build with nature C. which area of Zoos Victoria you will visit D. how many applications there are for the program 55. Which of the following schools is most likely to take part in the program? A. A disadvantaged school in New York. B.. A school from an isolated area of Victoria. C. A poor private adult school in America D. A school with a lack of wildlife education. 56. To be qualified for the program, you have to _______. A. make a short comment on the program B. come from a school near Zoos Victoria C. pay a visit to Zoos Victoria all the year round D. get your parents’ support for the application E Memory is the ability to keep track of things that have happened in the past. Memory really is learning. One needs memory to ride a bicycle. A dog needs to remember if it is to Come when called. Memory is said to be stored in the brain as a “memory trace.” What makes up this trace is not known. Some scientists believe that certain chemical substances may carry certain memories. For example, one substance, when given to rats, causes them to fear the dark. Other research into memory has to do with how the brain works. Psychologists use three means to find out how a person remembers. For example, give a person a grocery list. Let the person memorize the list, then put it away. The most natural way to find out how much a person remembers of the grocery list is to ask what he or she remembers. This is called the method of recall. Another method is called recognition. Give the person another grocery list. Ask him or her to choose items on the first list from the items that are on only the second list. Often a person will be able to recognize things that he or she cannot recall. A third method of finding how much a person remembers is called relearning. Here the person is asked to read over the first list. The person will probably learn the list the second time faster than he did the first time. The difference in the time it takes to relearn the list is thought of as a measure of how much a person has remembered. One way of remembering something is to repeat it many times. Interest is very important. Boring lists of facts are much more difficult to remember than something that we understand and are interested in. Motivation, or wanting to do something, is also important. Motivation is linked with reward. For example, a hungry animal quickly learns how to do something if that action gets the animal food. In humans, wanting
to learn is often motivation. The praise of a teacher or the knowledge that an answer is correct is rewarding. 57. We can learn from the 2nd paragraph that ___________ . A. it is hard to tell what a memory trace consists of B. bad memories may cause rats to fear the dark C. chemical substances carry certain memories D. memory is stored in the brain as a substance 58. The way to pick out the items on the first list from the second is known as ___________ . A. recall B. recognition C. memorization D. relearning 59. What is considered as a measure of how much one has remembered? A. The length of the list. C. The time difference of brain working. A. make the action easy C. reward it with food B. The type of list items. D. The time difference of relearning. . B. praise it in words D. weaken its motivation
60. A good way to train an animal to do something quickly is to
第二节 ：补全对话（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 根据对话情景和内容，从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两 多余选项。 Marry: Tom, I've just moved to a new house． Tom: Tom: 61 62 Marry: Thank you, and I'd like to buy a new television set． Marry: A color TV set, of course．But I'm not sure about the size．Maybe we should buy a big one．If we buy a small one, we might have to change it in a few years' time for a big one． 63 Tom: In my opinion, I don’t think it necessary to buy a very big one． Marry: 64 Tom: Yes．As we know, your sitting room isn’t very big．If you put in a very big television set, it will be bad for your eyes．Besides, a smaller TV set can have clear pictures． Marry: 65 I’ll think about it． Tom: You’d better make a quick decision because the price may go up soon． A．Wow, how I envy you! B．What is your opinion? C．What kind of television do you want to buy? D．Mm, that’s quite true． E．Why do you think so? F．Is there any reason? G．Really? Congratulations! 项为
第二卷（非选择题 共 55 分）
第三部分 写作（共三节，满分 55 分） 第一节 单词拼写（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 根据下列句子及所给汉语注释，在答题卡相应的位置上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式（每空只 写一词） 66．He made an ________（道歉）to his manager for his being late． 67．They walked because they couldn’t 68. Tomorrow will be my mother’s (付得起) a taxi. (四十) birthday.
69．Winning the support of the majority requires _______(耐心),energy and devotion. 70．The girl walked ________(自信地) on to the stage, ready for her first speech. 71．They cannot leave the country without _________ (允许) 72．Hearing the funny story, we burst out ______（大笑） ． 73 . Smith went to Chicago for________（技术）training. 74. Usually children are _______ (好奇的) about everything they see and meet. 75 . In order to reduce the toll of death and disease from tobacco, they have production. ________(限制) its
第二节：短文改错（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有 10 处错 误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号∧，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线＼划掉。 修改：在错词下面划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2、只允许修改 10 处，多者从第 11 处不计分 When I was an elementary school student aging ten, I took part in a singing competition in our city. This was my first time to be in a singing competition. In the day of the competition, I was asked to enter into a studio room, which there was only one person and a piano. The man asked me to sing in front of the microphone, following his piano playing. My mother was waiting for me outside the studio. I thought that I sang better at the time. So when I finished and walked out the studio, my mother asked, “What happened to your voices? Why couldn’t we hear you?” Then, I realized that I forget to switch on the microphone. 第三节：书面表达（满分 30 分）
有一批要到中国投资的外国企业家在我国某城市参观考察。假定你是接待员，要向外宾 们介绍这个城市的概括。请你用英语写一篇发言稿，须包括以下内容： 1．这是一座新兴的现代化城市，建于 20 世纪 80 年代； 2．海陆空交通方便，又有一条与首都北京相连的高速公路； 3．自然资源丰富，电力及其他能源供应充足； 4．公共秩序良好，政府多方面支持外国投资者。 注意：1 词数：100 左右。 2 可以适当增减细节，但不能逐字翻译。
3 短文开头已给出，不计入总词数。 参考词汇：高速公路：freeway 公共秩序：public order 投资者：investor Ladies and Gentlemen, Welcome to our city. Now let me introduce …
(2012. 10. 11)
语音知识 1—5 C D B A C 语法和词汇知识 6—10 D A C C B 完形填空 21—25 ACBDA 阅读理解 41—44 ADBC 61—65 GCBFD 单词拼写 66. apology 短文改错 67. afford 68. fortieth 69. patience 74. curious 70. confidently 75. Limited 71. permission 72. laughing 73. technical 45—48 DABC 49—52 CDBA 53—56 CDBA 57—60 ABDC 26—30 BDCBC 31—35 ADCAB 36—40 CDBAC 11—15 A B CDA 16—20 BAB DD
书面表达 范文： Ladies and Gentlemen, Welcome to our city. Now let me introduce our city to you. Our city is a newly-built
modern city. It was set up in the early 1980s, but it has been developing rapidly. From here you can travel to anywhere by water, by air or by land. Recently another freeway which is connected with Beijing has started being used. The areas around our city are rich in natural resources. And we have enough supplies of electricity and other forms of energy. The public order is very nice. Besides, the governments of our country and our city support foreign investors in many aspects. We expect more and more friends to come and invest in our city. That’s all. Thank you!