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Unit 6 The man in the Water


Unit 6 The man in the Water

Presidential Monuments: Washington Monument In recognition of his leadership in the cause of American independence, Washington earned the title "Fa

ther of his Country". With this monument, the citizens of the United States show their enduring gratitude and respect for the first president in the United States.

Background knowledge
Presidential Monuments:Jefferson Memorial Thomas Jefferson — political philosopher, architect, musician, book collector, horticulturist(园艺学家), scientist, diplomat, inventor, and third President of the United States, also author of the Declaration of American Independence, and Father of the University of Virginia.

Background knowledge
Presidential Monuments: Lincoln Memorial The Lincoln Memorial is a tribute to President Abraham Lincoln and the nation he fought to preserve during the Civil War (1861-1865). The Lincoln Memorial was built to resemble a Greek temple. It has 36 Doric columns, one for each state at the time of Lincoln’s death. A sculpture by Daniel Chester French of a seated Lincoln is in the center of the memorial chamber.

The Potomac River is often referred to as the "Nation's River," because it flows through the nation's capital, where the magnificent monuments of the Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln memorials are reflected in its waters. It is one of the most beautiful and bountiful rivers on the East Coast and is known for its historic, scenic and recreational significance. It begins as a small spring at the Fairfax Stone in West Virginia, and winds its way through the mountains and valleys of Appalachia, past battlefields and old manufacturing towns. The river flows more than 380 miles and grows to more than 11 miles wide as it reaches the Chesapeake Bay at Point Lookout, Maryland.

Discussion
InIV. In-> 1. Divide the students into five groups and describe in turn what happened during the whole air crash, and ask them to try to use the words and phrases they’ve just met. (15 min.) 2. Discussion: Why? Why did the hero in the story do this? What did he do this for? (10 min.

Discussion
3. Discussion: Heroism in the story. (15 min.) 4. Talk about heroic stories the students have experienced or heard about. (10 min.)

I. Language Points (50 minutes)

1. As disasters go, this one was terrible, but not unique… as…goes as goes…: compared with sth. average goes As writers go, Oscar Wilde was not the most talented. But he was among the most popular. r. 和一般商人相比, 人们认为他是非常诚实的。 As businessmen go, he is considered pretty honest.

2. Washington, the city of form and rules, turned chaotic by a blast of real winter and a single slap of l on l. (para 1) chaotic: chaotic adj. in a state of disorder and confusion chaos: n. The room was in a chaos. blast: strong , sudden movement of wind or air When the window was opened, an icy blast came into the room.

3. And there was the aesthetic clash as well -—blue and green Air Florida, the > aesthetic: 审美的;有审美能力的 aesthetics: aesthetics 审美学;美学 anaesthetic / anesthetic: 麻木的;麻醉的;麻醉剂 anesthetic chunk: chunk thick, solid piece or lump 一厚块,一大块 a chunk of meat / ice clash: V. 1. make a loud, broken, confused noise (as when l objects strike together) Their swords clashed.

2. meet in conflict The two armies clashed outside the town. 3. (of events) intefere with each other because they are to be at the same timeon the same date It’s pity that the two concerts clashed. I want to go to both. 4. be in disagreement with I clashed with him at the meeting. The color of the curtain clashes with the of the carpet. n. the clash of weapons / views / opinions

4. Last Wednesday the elements, indifferent as ever, brought down Flight 90. And on that same afternoon human nature —groping and struggling — rose to the occasion. (para 2)

elements: he elements the forces of nature 自然力; 风,雨 等的力量 be exposed to the fury of the elements grope: grope feel or search in the dark grope for the door-handle / light switch We groped our way in the dark corridor.

indifferent to : having no interest in ; not caring for How can you be so indifferent to the sufferings of those people? rise to the occasion /challenge /task: prove oneself able to deal with an unexpected problem, a difficult task, etc. I’m sure he will rise to the occasion when he realizes what is at stake. (处于危险境地) 5. Of the four acknowledged heroes of the event, three ate able to account for their behavior. (para. 3)

acknowledge: 1. admit He refused to ~ that he was defeated. He ~ having been cheated. 2. express thanks for We should ~ gifts promptly.

3. indicate that one recognizes sb. by greeting I passed her in the street , but she didn’t even ~ me when I smiled. 4. acknowledgement n. We are sending you a small sum of money in acknowledgement of your help.

Answer for:1. give an explanation or reason for He can account for every penny in his pocket. Science can now account for many things that ancient people could not understand. 2. answer for You will have to account for the misprints in the article. 3. amount to In that country the production of raw materials account for a considerable proportion of the national economy.

6. On television, side by side, they described their courage as well in the line of duty.

line: line range of activity His line is banking. 他从事银行业。That’s not my line. 那不是我的本行。 in line with: in agreement with Our foreign policy is in line with the interests of all the people of the world. (be) in line with (be) out of line with

7. Skutnik added that “somebody had to go into the water, delivering every hero’s line that is no less admirable for being repeated. (para 3) one’s deliver one s line : give a remark deliver a speech deliver a lecture

8 . “In a mass casualty, you’ll find people like him,” said Windsor.” But I’ve never seen one with that commitment. (para 4) casualty: mass casualty large number of people hurt or killed in an accident or battle 9 . His selfishness was one reason the story held national attention; his anonymity another. (para 4)

n. anonymity an ~ letter an ~ anonymous adj. gift 10. Still he could never have imagined such a capacity in himself. (para. 5)

ability capability & capacity: ability: 做某种具体事情的能力,特别是经过学习 的实际本领; capability:做某事 的才干或本领,可与 ability通 capability 用,但更强 潜在的能力; capacity: capacity: 主要指接受,吸收 或容纳的能力. He has the ability to swim like a fish. He has the capability of solving practical problems. The theater has a seating capacity of 300 people. The book is within the reading capacity of

11. He was there, in the essential, classical circumstance. (para 7) essential: essential basic typical, most important classic: classic traditional or long established 12. So the age-old battle began again in the Potomac. For as long as man could last, they went at each other, nature and man. (para 7)

attack; go at: attack fight 13. The man in the water set himself against an immovable, impersonal enemy; he fought it with kindness; and he held it to a standoff. He was the best we can do.. (para. 9) set sb. against: make sb. start to fight or quarrel with an immovable, impersonal enemy: refers to nature, which is indifferent and cannot be persuaded to change its attitude towards us humans standoff: a situation in which neither side in a fight or battle can give an advantag

II. Difficult Sentences (30 min.)

1.And there was the aesthetic clash as well -— blue and green Air Florida, the >
When the air crash occurred, it was not clash of l against the bridge, but also between colors: the blue-green color of ant the gray and black color of the ice just a a clash the plane and river.

2.Last Wednesday the elements, indifferent as

ever, brought down Flight 90. And on that same afternoon human nature —groping and struggling —rose to the occasion. (para. 2)
Last Wednesday, the bad weather, unconcerned about the consequences it might bring about as

3. Of the four acknowledged heroes of the event, three ate able to account for their behavior. (para. 3)
Only three out of these four heroes lived to tell people what they actually had done and how they rescued the five survivors.

4. Skutnik added that “somebody had to go into the water, delivering every hero’s line that is no less admirable for being repeated. (para 3)
Skutnik gave a remark that has been said before by many people in similar situations, but it is still admirable.

5.“In a mass casualty, you’ll find people like him,” said Windsor.” But I’ve never seen one with that commitment. (para 4)
We can always find heroic people like him in a mass casualty because although not everyone is a hero, there’s bound to be a fair representation of heroes in a big crowd. But I’ve never seen anyone with such a strong sense of responsibility.

6 . His selfishness was one reason the story held national attention; his anonymity another. (para 4)
We can always find heroic people like him in a mass casualty because although not everyone is a hero, there’s bound to be a fair representation of heroes in a big crowd. But I’ve never seen anyone with such a strong sense of responsibility.

7. The fact that he went unidentified gave him a universal character. (para 4)
The fact that he went unidentified made him a representative man, like everyone of us could do. We may feel that it might have been anyone.

8. For a while he was Everyman, and thus proof (as if one needed it) that no one is ordinary. (para 4)难句解析。请同学解释较难句子,
锻炼学生分析句子、组织句子的能力。(30分钟) “Everyone” echoes the title of a medieval play about a typical human being. It conveys the idea that this anonymous man really represents the best of human nature. What he did was not the act of a supernatural being, but the act of an ordinary person. Yet

9. He was there, in the essential, classical circumstance. (para 7)
What happened that day was a typical situation in which nature and man fought each other. And when nature begins to show its power, you always find man fight back. He is always there. We can always expect to find such a hero. 10. …the one making no distinctions of good and

evil, acting on no principles, offering no lifelines; the other acting wholly on distinctions, principles and , perhaps, on faith. (para. 7)

Nature is indifferent. It does not have any idea what is good or what is bad for human beings, and it does not care. It has no moral principles. Human beings, on the other hand, are different. They have moral standards. They have feelings. They care and they love. Therefore they are able to choose between right and wrong.

11. In reality, we believe the opposite, and it takes the act of the man in the water to remind us o four true feelings in this matter. (para. 8)
Actually, the death of the man did not mean that human beings had lost the battle. In a moral sense, man had won because man’s courage to defy death was also a tremendous power. Therefore, what happened to this man in the water should fill us with pride rather than sadness.

InIII. In-> Divide the students into five groups and ask them to make up as many sentences as they can by using the new words and phrases they’ve just learned. and choose the best performers.

1. His long service with the company was ____ with a present. A. admitted B. acknowledged C. attributed D. accepted 2. Teaching students of threshold level is hard work but the effort is very ____. A. precious B. rewarding C. worth D. challenging

3. Among all the changes resulting from the ____ entry of women into the workforce, the transformation that has occurred in the women themselves is not the least important. A. massive B. quantitative C. surplus D. tragic 4. Whether their football team will win is a matter of ____ to me. A. indifference B. discrimination C. deviation D. interests

5. The plane ____, its bombs exploding as it hit the ground. A. collided B. crushed C. plunged D. crashed 6. The morning news says a school bus ____ with a train at the junction a group of policemen were sent there immediately. A. stumbled B. collided C. crashed D. struck

7. Today the public is much concerned about the way ____. A. nature is being ruined B. which nature is ruined C. on which to ruin nature D. of nature to be ruined 8. These surveys indicate that many crimes go ____ by the police, mainly because not all victims report them. A. to be unrecorded B. unrecorded C. to have been unrecorded D. unrecording

II. Oral Work(15 min.)

Role-play a television interview with three students acting as the three heroes and another student as the anchorman. Make sure that the questions and answers bring out the dramatic details about their rescue mission, and about the man in the water.

III. Vocabulary.

Page 152. Exercises 1 to 12.

IV. Grammar
IV. Grammar (20 min.) Page 159. Exercises 2 to 6 V. Written Work (30 min.) Describe the plane crash briefly in about 130 words, with emphasis on the behaviour of the “man in the water.”


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