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childhood friends知识点讲解


words
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

背叛 1. betray v. ________________ 荣幸,特权 2. privilege n. _______________ 3. considerate adj.体贴的,周到的 ___________ 原谅,宽恕 4. forgive v. ________________ 损

失 5. loss n. _________________ 责备,申斥 6. scold v. _________________ 撕破,撕裂 7. tear v. ______________(tore, torn) 怀念的,怀旧的 8. nostalgic adj. ______________ 致敬,行礼 9. salute n.__________________ 羽毛 10. feathers n. _______________

betrays 1. He who ______________his country must be punished. considerate 2. He is a kind-hearted and ___________man, who always helps old people. scolding 3. Mr Smith is always _____________ his child, which is not a good way to educate him. privilege 4. It is a ______________to know you. salute 5. We gave a __________ to the local policeman. forgive 6. If you apologize , the teacher may ________ your mistakes. nostalgic 7. I am ___________for the happy times we spent together.

重点短语 1. be ashamed of 2. forgive sb for sth 3. be blessed with 4. be back in touch with 5. be allergic to 6. be on good terms with 7. be nostalgic for 8. dig up 9. measure…..by 10.chase….away 11.slide down 12.scold sb for sth

对…感到惭愧
原谅某人做某事 享有…的福气 与…重新联系 对…过敏

与…关系很好
对…很怀念 挖掘 通过…来衡量 驱赶,赶走 滑下 因为…而责备某人

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

The usage of phrases Stop using it if you ______ _______ _____ are allergic to the medicine. are Though not very rich, the old couple ______ blessed ________good with ________ health. Since he knows he is wrong, you should forgive for __________him _______his rudeness. be ashamed of You should ______ ____ ____yourself — having done so little work. are _____ on They often visit us because we _____ good ______ terms _____ with each other. _____

重点句式

Para1

连词

1.The first time I lost my friend, I thought it was the end of the world. The first time & for the first time的区别
? the first time “首次;第一次”。相当于一 连词 ,常引导时间状语从句, 个________ ? for the first time “首次;第一次”。表示 有生以来或一段时间内第一次做某事,是 一个介词短语,不引导从句,在句中一般 时间状语 做 ________。

? it is the first time +从句的结构中, 从句用现在完成时。 注 ? 例如:It is the first time that Mr 意 Smith has visited China. ? It was the first time+从句的结构中, 从句用过去完成时。 ? It was the first time that Mr Smith had visited China. ? 这是史密斯先生第一次到中国来游览。

Translate the Chinese into English 1. 我第一次来到实验高中就爱上了这所学校。 (The Experimental High School ) 2. 我第一次来到东阿是在2006年。

Keys: 1. The first time I came to The Experimental High School I fell in love with it.

2. I came to Dong’e for the first time in 2006.

? Exercises: ? He fell in love with her at the first sight______he met her. That is the first C time they _____. ? A the first time, have a date ? B for the first time, had had a date ? C the first time, have had a date ? D by the first time, have a date

Para2

one= a/ an +n. 同类泛指

2. I was blessed with a happy childhood, one that most people would want to have. 定语从句
同位语

I hope all of you will be admitted into your ideal university. Come on!

Exercises:

C ? 1. He was admitted into a key university, ____ he had been dreaming of for years. A. that B. what C. one D. where C who, ? 2. She is a strict but kind teacher, ____ usually, is popular with her students. A. that B. what C. one D. where

Para3
3. We spent long summer evenings in the pine forests, digging up worms for
现在分词短语作状语

fishing , and collecting feathers left by
the birds in the cages where they had
后置定语

been kept for the hunters.

定语从句

Exercises
Being studying 1._______(be) confident and ______ ( study) hard, you will pass the College Entrance Examination. Looking (look) nice and (taste) 2. _______ tasting ________delicious, the apples sell well.

para3

强调句

4. It was here that I discovered that I 宾语从句 was allergic to the tiny flies which bit 定语从句 me and made my face swell.

bite-bit-bitten swell-swelled-swelled/swollen

? 强调句型基本结构: ? 1. 肯定句式:It is/ was + 被强调部分+ that/ who+ 剩余部分。 ? e.g. It was yesterday that he met Li Ping. ? 2. 一般疑问句式:is/ was it+被强调部分+ that/ who+ 剩余部分。 ? e.g. Was it yesterday that he met Li Ping? ? 3. 特殊疑问句式:特殊疑问词+ is/ was it + that/ who + 剩余部分? ? e.g. When and where was it that you were born?

Exercises
Translate the Chinese into English
1. 正是我的儿子为我的生活增添了许多乐趣。

Keys: 1.It is my son that/who adds much pleasure to my life.

B 2. It is the ability to do the job______ matters not where you come from or what you are. A. one B. that C. what D. it 3. It was because of his strong interest B in literature _____ he chose the course. A. that B. what C. why D. how

? It was the finest friendship anyone
定语从句 could have, and life seemed perfect. that

(para 6)
? It was the worst loss I have ever experienced. (para 7)

Para8
荣幸;特权 形式主语 5. It's a privilege to call him my friend. 真正主语

It is a/one’s privilege to do sth.做某事荣幸之
至。

adj. 荣幸,幸运

1. We’re privileged to have a distinguished guest with us tonight
(用it做形式主语改写句子)

It is a privilege for us to have a distinguished guest tonight.

1.对…羞愧 2.原谅某人做某事 3.享有…的福气. 4.与….重新联系 5.对…过敏 6.与…关系很好 7.对…很怀念 8.挖掘 9.通过…来衡量 10.驱赶,赶走 11.滑下

be ashamed of
forgive sb for sth be blessed with be back in touch with be allergic to

be on good terms with
be nostalgic for dig up measure….by chase…away

slide down
scold sb for sth

Summary
Key points: ? 1. the first time & for the first time区别 It is/was the first time that从句的时态 ? 2. …one that… ? 3. digging up worms for fishing , and

collecting feathers left by the birds in the cages
? 4. It is/was …that/who… ? 5. It is a/one’s privilege to do sth

Homework

? Recite the language points that we have learned this period and finish the exercises in the workbook.


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