单元要点 词语 辨析
The Million Pound Bank Note
2. permit / allow / let 3. scream / shout
1. scene / sight / view / scenery
1. believe vt.&vi.相信；认
belief n. 相信，信念，信仰
believable adj. 可 相 信 的 unbelievable adj. 难 以置信的
2. survive vi.幸存，继续存在 survival n.幸存， 幸存者， 残存物 survivor n. 未死的人； 词 形 变 词 汇 部 分 6. present adj. 出席的 7. adventure n. 奇遇；冒险 1. bet n.&v. 赌；打赌；赌钱 2. fault n. 缺点；错误，过错；故障 vt.挑剔，指责 重 点 单 词 3. spot vt. 发现；认出 n. 污点；斑点；地点 presence n.出席，到场 adventurous adj.冒险的，惊险的 adventurer n.冒险者 5. rude adj.粗鲁的， 不礼貌的 rudely adv. 粗鲁地；粗略地 化 vt.幸免于；挺过来 3. permit v. 允许 n.许可证，执照 4. patience n. 忍耐，耐心 permission n. 允许，许 可，准许 patient adj. 有耐心的 impatient adj. 不耐烦 的 rudeness n.粗鲁，不礼 貌 残存者
4. passage n. 通道； （书、讲话、音乐等的）一段，一节；通过，消逝；旅费 5. account n. 说明；理由；计算，账目 vi.&vt.认为；说明；解释总；计有
6. seek vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找；探索；寻求 7. amount n.数(量)；总额 vi.(to)合计；接近 [b?u] n.[c] 弓，蝴蝶结；鞠躬
8. bow [bau] vi.&vt. 鞠躬；弯腰
1. bring up 培养；抚养；养育或教育某人；提出；呕吐某物 2. go ahead 执行，进行，前进， （于祈使句）可以，往下说，用吧，开始吧 3. by accident 偶然；无意中 重点 4. to be honest 老实说；说实话 词组 5. on the contrary 与此相反；正相反[只作状语] 6. take a chance 冒险，碰运气 7. as for 至于，关于 8. accuse…of… 重点 句子 重点语法 1. Towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. 2. The next morning I’ d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 3. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. 情态动词的两类重要用法：1．表示推测 2．征询意见
一、词语辨析 1. scene / sight / view / scenery scene 指某一处的自然风光 scenery（总称）自然景物，天然风光，是由多个 scenes 构成的自然风景。 sight 景象，风景，名胜，侧重值得看的事物或很难看的东西和很可笑的事物；视力/眼界 view 景色，风景，侧重从人所处的角度（从远处或高处）以眼所看到的景色。 1). Guilin is famous for its beautiful __ scenery. 2). The _ scene __ is a perfect dream when you see the sun rising slowly in the east. 3). You can get a wonderful view at the top of the tower. 4). The flowers are a lovely _ sight __ in spring. 5). He began to lose his _ sight _six years ago. 2. permit / allow / let let 允许，让，不用被动语态。后接不带 to 的不定式作宾补。 permit 和 allow 意思相近，都表示“允许，准许” 。permit 稍正式一些，多指上级对下级或长辈 对晚辈的准许,语气较强；allow 多指听任或不管教某人做某事。 allow/permit sb. to do sth. be allowed/permitted to do sth. allow/permit doing sth.
1). Students are not _ allowed/permitted ________ to enter the Net Bar.
2). My mother wouldn’ t let me __ go _ (go) to the film. 3). We don’ t allow _ smoking _ (smoke) in our office. 3. scream / shout scream 指因痛苦、恐惧、激动或生气而喊叫、尖叫，声音大而尖利，常与 to 连用 shout 指因愤怒或为引起注意而发出的声音，大喊，大叫，大声说话，常常与 at 连用 1). There was a huge bang and people started __ screaming _____. 2). Two women were __ shouting at each other outside the supermarket. 二、词性变化 1). The principal’ s ________ (present) at the party didn’ t seem to be very welcome. 2). Finally he lost his ________ (patient) and started to yell at his mother. 3). It would be _______ (believe) that such an honest fellow should have betrayed his friends. 4). My husband loves ________ (adventure) life while I enjoy a more peaceful life.
5). He was punished for his _______ (rude) to his teacher. 6). They entered the area without. ________ (permit). 7) You cannot enter a military base without a _______ (permit). 8). The prisoners _________ (permit) two hours’ exercise a day. 9). This grand park is a rare _________ (survive) from the eighteenth century. 1). presence 2). patience 6). permission 三、重点词汇 1. bet n. 赌；打赌 v. 打赌；赌钱 1). He often bets a 1ot of money on horses. 他经常在赛马上豪赌。 2). I bet that it will rain tomorrow. 我敢肯定说明天一定会下雨。 2. fault n. 缺点；错误；故障 vt.挑剔 faulty adj.有缺点的； faultless adj.不可挑剔的 7). permit 3). unbelievable 4). adventurous 5). rudeness 9). survivor
8). are/were permitted
find fault (with sb/sth) 找（某人/事物的）错/茬儿； It’ s one’ s fault 是某人的过错 1). It was his fault (他的过错) that we were late. 2).她总是找我的茬儿。She’ s always finding fault with me. 3. spot vt. 发现；认出 n. 污点；斑点；地点 spotless adj. 没有斑点的，干净的
spot sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事
on the spot = on the scene 到（在）现场；当场
1). The police __ spotted ____ him driving a stolen car.
2). The police were on the spot within a few minutes of my telephone call. 4. passage n. 通道； （书、讲话、音乐等的）一段，一节；经过，通过，消逝；旅费 1). They were denied passage through the occupied territory. 他们被禁止穿越占领区。 2). He worked his passage to Australia. 他在去澳大利亚旅行的船上做工偿付船费。 5. account n. 说明；理由；计算，账目 account for 导致；做出解释；总计有 open an account 在银行开个户头 vi.&vt. 认为；说明；解释总；计有 on account of = because of 因为
take sth. into account/consideration 考虑到某事
Bad weather accounted for the long delay. 长期的延缓是因为坏天气。 1). He doesn’ t drink alcohol on account of his health. 2). She couldn’ t account for her foolish mistake. 6. seek vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找；探索；寻求 seek (for/after) sth./sb. 寻找某人/某物 seek happiness/comfort/wealth/success seek to do sth. 试图做某事 追求幸福﹑安逸﹑财富、成功
1). I think it’ s time we __ sought _ (seek) legal advice. 2). They are seeking _ to change _ (change) the rules. 7. amount n.数(量)；总额 vi.(to)合计；接近 (large/small) amounts of + n.[u] + v. (复数) amount to... 共达??，合计??
a (large/small) amount of + n.[u] + v. (单数)
in (large/small) amounts [作状语]大（少）量地
1). During the earthquake, a large amount of damage __ was done (do) in a very short time. 2). Large amounts of money were spent (spend) rebuilding the temple. 3). The total cost of repairs amounted to (共计) US$100. 8. bow [bau] vi.&vt. 鞠躬；弯腰 [b?u] n.[c] 弓，蝴蝶结；鞠躬
1). We all bowed to the Queen. 我们都向女王鞠躬致敬。 2). His back was bowed with age. 他因年老而驼背。 四、重点词组 1. bring up 培养；抚养；养育或教育某人；提出；呕吐某物 1). She brought up five children. 她养育了五个孩子。 2). Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up by her aunt. 2. go ahead 执行，进行，前进， （于祈使句）可以，往下说，用吧，开始吧
ahead of time / in advance 提前 1). After a pause, he went ahead/on with his speech.
2). The new bridge was completed ahead of time. 3). Go straight ahead (径直向前走) for 200 meters and then turn left. 4). —— Could I use your bike? —— Go ahead.
3. by accident = by chance 偶然；无意中 by + n. 短语： by contrast 对比之下 by mistake 错误地 by hand 用手，用体力 by machine 用机器
1). I was in such a hurry that I took someone else’ s umbrella by accident/chance. 2). These toys are made by hand instead of _by machine ____, so they are very expensive. 4. to be honest = to tell (you) the truth = honestly speaking 老实说；说实话 表示“??说”的短语： generally speaking 一般来说 exactly speaking 确切地说 to be frank = frankly speaking 坦率地说 in general 一般地来说 to sum up 概括地说 in other words 换句话说 that is 也就是说 or rather 更确切地说
1). _ Generally speaking __, women live longer than men. 2). He got home late last night, _ or rather _ early this morning. 3). _ To be frank/honest _, I don’ t enjoy the performance. 5. on the contrary 与此相反；正相反[只作状语] to the contrary（表明是）相反的；相反地[作定语和状语] (be) contrary to 违反（某事物） ；与??相反 1). The car isn’ t expensive. On the contrary _, it’s quite cheap. 2). I will continue to believe it until I get proof to the contrary. 3). The results were contrary to expectation. 6. take a chance = take chances 冒险，碰运气 have a good chance/no chance/not much chance of (doing) sth/ to do sth/ that....大有希望/没有可能/ 没什麽希望做某事 by chance: by accident: accidentally: unintentionally 偶然地；意外地；非有意地 the chances are (that)...: it is likely that... 很可能?? a chance of lifetime 千载难逢的机会
1). The guide book didn’ t mention there being any hotels, but we decided to take a chance.
2). You should never take chances when driving a car. 3). What are the chances of (介词) his coming? 4). 很可能她要来。The chances are that / It ’ s likely that she’ ll be coming. 7. as for 至于，关于 As for you, you ought to be ashamed of yourself. 至於你, 你应该感到惭愧。 8. find +sb./sth. doing 发现??在做??(主动) find sb./sth. done 发现??被做??(被动) find oneself in/at... 发觉自己在某处／处于?? 1). He found a wallet _ lying _______ (lie) on the ground. 2). When day broke, we found ourselves in (发现我们到了一个村子里) a small village at the foot of the mountain. 3). The film star found himself surrounded by got off the car. 9. “when”并列连词， “就在这时” ，表示未预料到或突然发生的情况，常用于以下句型： 1). be about to do …when… 正要做某事就?? 2). be on the point of doing…when… 正要做某事就?? 3). be doing…when… 正在做某事就在这时?? 4). had just done sth. when... 刚做完某事就?? 5). had hardly done…when… 几乎还没有做完某事就?? 1) 他正要出去时天下起雨来了。He was about to go out when it bagan to rain. 2) 我刚做完试卷下课铃就响了。I’ d just finished my test paper when the bell rang. 3) 那个小孩正骑着车，就在这时，摔了下来。The boy was riding when he fell off his bike. 10.（1）疑问词+ ever 可引导名词性从句，相当于 anyone who, anything that, any time when 等 You can choose whatever you like in the shop. = You can choose anything that you like in the shop. （2）疑问词+ ever 还可引导让步状语从句, 相当于 no matter + 疑问词。如： Whoever breaks the rule, he must be punished. = No matter who breaks the rule, he must be punished. 1). Whenever / No matter when (无论何时) you have problems, you may turn to me for help. 2). 我将相信你所说的一切。I’ ll believe whatever you say. 11. accuse…of… (发觉自己被围住) a group of fans immediately he
五、语法填空 In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 1 spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it 2 , we must be able to read the
ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation.
language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success but it is not enough only 5 3 language learning. 4 good memory is a great help,
(memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning 6 meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn
by heart long lists of words and by using the language. 7
we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not 8 (advise) for those 10 9
really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of
are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and the language whenever we can. 1. it 7. If 指 foreign language。2. Thirdly 8. advice 9. who 3. in 4. a 5. to memorize
6. their 指 words
六、阅读理解 A I want to talk about a soldier. I saw him yesterday as my husband and I were enjoying a wonderful lunch in the cave-like dining room of an old hotel. It is hard to imagine being comfortable in a room that probably seats a thousand, but the real magic of the place is its wonderful setting. Every comer is a wood and stone masterpiece, with high glass windows that look out to the huge cliffs (悬崖) of the valley. A man entered with his family and took a seat. He wasn't in uniform, but he walked with the dignity of a soldier, and a slight limp (瘸). My suspicion was confirmed when he removed his hat and placed it on the table where I could see it. Embroidered (绣) on the cap were the words: "Iwo Jima Survivor". As they were waiting for lunch, the others talking happily, this gentleman was stating out of the window. He was content to be left out of the conversation and allowed to take in the wonderful and impressive view of the waterfall. I watched him, and imagined how much horror he had seen in the war. What losses did he suffer,
and how many friends did he lose? What he had witnessed should have given him a good reason to lose faith in the world. Yet this tired soldier was smiling at the sky, at the sun and the roaring of the waterfall. Somehow, after everything, the world was still beautiful to him. I walked over to him and said, "Excuse me, sir. I'm sorry to interrupt, but I saw your hat, and I just wanted to say thank you for serving." He looked up at me, surprised, and said proudly, "You're welcome, and thank you, too." I told him I would go home and tell my children about this experience that I'd met him. 1. The place where the author enjoyed lunch was __C A. only open to people of the upper classes B. once visited by many famous people D. modeled on scenes from American history
C. attractive because of its beautiful surroundings
2. What confirmed the author’s suspicion that the man was a soldier?A A. The words on his cap. B. The way he sat. C. His disability. D. The way he walked.
3. What do we learn from the passage?D A. The author at first thought the gentleman was famous. B. The gentleman stood out because of his uniform. C. The gentleman’s family didn’t like to talk with him. D. The gentleman wasn’t expecting the author to thank him. 4. What encouraged the author to talk to the soldier?C A. His disability. C. His contribution to his country. B. His loneliness. D. His bravery to fight in the war.
5. What is the author’s attitude towards the soldier?A A. Admiring. B. Satisfied. C. Sympathetic. B No country in the world has more daily newspapers than the USA. them， as compared with 180 in Japan， 164 in Argentina and 111 in Britain. There are almost 2000 of The quality （质量） of Excellent D. Doubtful.
some American papers is quite high and their views are used all over the world. newspapers like the Washington Post or the New York Times over the country. However，the Post
have a powerful influence （影响） all are not national newspapers in
and the New York Times
the sense that The Times is in Britain of Le Monde is in France， since each American city has its own
daily newspaper. news，
The best of these give detailed（详细的）accounts of national and international
Like the press（报刊） in most other countries，American newspapers report news from the “exciting” and “relaxing” to the serious. They try to entertain people as well as give information ，
for they have to compete with the attraction of television. Just as American newspapers try to satisfy all tastes，they also try to attract readers of all political parties. A few news papers support extremist（极端主义者） groups on the far right and
on the far left，but most daily newspapers try their best to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are mainly moderate（温和的） different political and social views， As in other countries American newspapers can be either responsible （负责任的） or irresponsible，but it is generally accepted that the American press serves its country well and that it has more than once exposed political scandals（丑闻） ，for example，the Watergate Affair（水门事 件） 1.Which newspaper in the U. K. is national？ D of
2.Most American newspapers attract readers by carrying A. national news B. C. international news
B D. .C
3.In order to win the competition with television，American newspapers have to A. C. give information give entertainment news B. D. A
4.Most daily newspapers attract moderate Americans by A.printing articles by wellC. D. C
Shanghai has raised its charges for drainage（排水） fees this month in a move to encourage local residents to save water and recycle precious water. from the city's seriously shrinking water resources. The city is capable of supplying a maximum of 10.64 million cubic metres of tap water daily， when daily consumption could be as much as 9.24 million cubic metres. The effort is designed to reduce pressure
Ironically （具讽刺意味地） ， the city faces the East China Sea， and is surrounded by some 22 000 big and small rivers，and rain seems as common as sunshine. Many locals have gotten used to keeping the tap running while brushing their teeth or washing the dishes，never considering the seemingly inexhaustible water supplies or pausing to think over the small increases in their water bills.They doubt whether Shanghai is short of water per capita amount of water available in the area is far more than the national since the annual
average of 2220 cubic
The fact is that only 20 percent of the water from rivers is drinkable，which lowers the available amount to local residents to about 1000 cubic metres per capita—55 percent less than the nation's
average and 10 percent of the global average. Experts have estimated the city will face a daily fresh water shortage of 2.58 million cubic metres by 2020 at its present population growth rate. （都市） For years the city has ranked on the United
5.The purpose of writing the passage is to A. analyse why Shanghai is short of water
B B.show Shanghai wishes its residents to save water
6.The sentence “rain seems as common as sunshine”means A. C. rain，just like sunshine，
7.When talking about the water conditions of Shanghai，the author is A. curious B. worried B C. satisfied D.
8.The text tells us A. B. C. D.
Shanghai can't deal with its present popul the United Nations has been concerned about Shanghai's development