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高中英语


Unit 1

subjunctive mood

Grammar

一、虚拟语气定义
1.英语动词有三种语气, 陈述语气, 虚拟语气 。 祈使语气和___________

不可能发生 2. 定义:用来表示说的话__________, 可能性比较小 或者是或____________ 的情况,而是

一种愿望,建议,假设的语气叫虚拟 语气。

Q:What’s the difference between the two sentences?

If I am free, I will visit you.(真实条件句)

If I were a bird, I would fly into the sky. (虚拟条件句)

一、一般条件句中的虚拟语气

时 间

If 条件句

主 句

过去

现在 将来

一、一般条件句中的虚拟语气

时 间

If 条件句

主 句
would should could might +have done sth

过去

had done

现在

would 助动词 be用 were should 实义动词 do 用 did could might

+ do sth

did / were 将来 should do were to do

would should + do sth could Might

1.If I were you, I ____ buy the house right now. C A. won’t B. don’t C. wouldn’t D. can’t 2. _____more careful, his ship would not have sunk. A. If the captain were B. If the captain had been C. Should the captain be D. If the captain would have been 3. If he ____me tomorrow, I would let him know A. should call B. should not have been able C. were not able D. are not able

B

A

二. 名词性从句的虚拟语气。 主要是表示命令、要求、建议的虚拟语气。 1.宾语从句。常见动词: 一个坚持: insist 两个命令: order,command 三条建议: advise, suggest, propose 四项要求: demand , require, request, ask 这些动词后面的宾语从句要使用虚拟语气 用法。即从句中的动词 使用___________.

1.我们建议Tom去休息一下。 2.他坚决要求我到场。 3.国王命令囚犯明天要实施死刑。 4.他们要求我们派他们去那儿工作。
1.We suggested that Tom should have a rest. 2.He insisted that I (should) be present. 3.The king ordered that the prisoners Should be killed the next day. 4.They requested that we should send them to work there.

2、以上动词相应的名词构成的名词性从句(包
括主语从句,表语从句和同位语从句)也要使用 虚拟语气。从句中的动词形式一样。 order, advice, suggestion, proposal, demand, request, desire

? It’s suggested that the plan be carried out. ? My demand is that she should come to see me once a week. ? All of us are for the advice that the chemical factory should be closed down.

三、几种特殊结构中虚拟语气的用法;
1)wish + 宾语从句
现在: 过去: 未来:

过去时 (did/were) 过去完成时 (had done)
would/could/might+V. should

? I wish I were a bird. (现在)
? I wish I hadn’t made such a mistake. (过 去) ? We wish our parents wouldn’t punish us.

(未来)

I wish I were _____a bird.

I wish every day _____my were birthday.

I wish/wished I ____________( hadn’t eaten not eat ) so much watermelon.

现在:过去时
2)would rather that -

过去: 过去完成时

未来: 过去时 paid me ? I would rather you ________(pay) me now. (现在) had gone (go) there ? I would rather you _______ yesterday. (过去) ? Don’t come. I would rather youcame _____(come) tomorrow. (未来)

过去时 3).It’s (high) time +that should +V. 你该走了。
It’s high time that you went .

It’s high time that you should go

.

我们该睡觉了。 It’s time that we went to bed . It’s time that we should go to bed.

4)If only …(要是…就好了) If only I knew his name! If only we had followed your advice! If only I could see him again! ? 要是我们的父母能和我们住在一起就好了。 If only our parents could live with us! ? 要是我没错过火车就好了! If only I hadn’t missed the train!

5)It’s necessary /strange/ natural/ important a pity+ that --- 从句中的动词要 用虚拟,即(should)+动词原形

1.It is important that we ( should ) master a foreign language. 2. It is strange that she refuse to come to the party. 3. It’s necessary that we should study hard.

精选习题

B 1 .The volleyball match will be put off if it _____ A. will rain B. rains C. rained D. is rained B 2. You didn’t let me drive. If we ____ in turn, you ____ so tired. A. drove…didn’t get B. had driven…wouldn’t have got C. drove…wouldn’t get D. were driving…wouldn’t get

3. What would have happened, _____ C as far as the
river bank? A. Bob had walked farther B. if Bob should walk farther C. If Bob had walked farther D. if Bob walked farther

4. How I wish every family _____ B a large house with a beautiful garden! (02 上海) A. has B. had C. will have D. had had

5. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, C it looks as if it ____. (95 N) A. breaks B. has broken C. were broken D. had been broken

.

6 - Do you mind if I leave the window open? - Well, I’d rather you _____ . B A. don’t B. didn’t C. won’t D. mustn’t 7. It’s half past eleven. It’s high time D _____ home. A. we’ll B. we’d C. we’re going D. we went


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