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2015年秋八年级人教版英语上册Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation 语法小结


语法小结 1、第一单元主要学习的时态是过去时。 (1)一般过去时态,表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态, 常与表示过去的时间状语连用,如“yesterday” 、 “last month” 、 “ten minutes ago, in 2004”等 Eg: I went to the 200 last week. (2)一般过去时还可表示过去的习惯性动作,常用“used to

”表 达,意为“过去常常” 。 Eg: I used to go to school on foot. (3)通过上下文判断动作发生在过去的,也用过去时。 A: Where did you go? B: I went to my uncle’s. 2、一般过去时的肯定句、否定句和疑问句的构成。 (1)肯定句:主语+动词过去式。 Eg: She was a student ten years ago. (2)否定句:主语+was/were+not 或主语+didn’t+动词原形。 Eg: They weren’t here just now. Tim didn’t play soccer yesterday afternoon. (3)一般疑问句: was/were+主语+?或 Did+主语+动词原形+??? Eg: Were you at home yesterday? Did she go shopping last weekend? (4)特殊疑问句:特殊疑问句+一般疑问句? Eg: When did you go to the park? What did they do last night? 3、动词过去式的构成。 (1)规则变化。 ①一般情况在动词的词尾加 ed. 1 play—played work—worked ②以不发音字母 e 结尾的在词尾加 d. like—liked practice—practiced ③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词, 双写这个辅音字母再 加 ed. stop—stopped plan—planned ④以辅音字母加 y 结尾的动词变 y 为 i 再加 ed. study—studied worry—worried (2)不规则变化见教材后面的动词表。 4、不定代词和副词的用法。 (1)不定代词有表示人的,如“everyone, anyone”等有表示物的, 如“everything, nothing”等。 特别强调的是形容词修饰不定代词时要放在不定代词的后面。 Eg: someone anything special interesting (2)副词“somewhere, anywhere”等的用法同样有形容词修饰时必 须放后面,前面不能加介词。 Eg: somewhere warm She doesn’t like living anywhere noisy. 2

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