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2014年《导与练》北师大版选修6英语同步教学课时课件:Unit18SectionSection Ⅲ


Unit 18

Section Ⅲ

Communication

Workshop,Language Awareness 3

& Culture Corner

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Unit 18

自学导引新知初探
?S

tep One:Words and Phrases

Ⅰ.词汇知识
1.___________ (n.) merchant 商人

2._______ (vt.) 对待 treat 3._______ (vt.) 诱捕,设圈套 trap theme 4._________ (n.) 主题

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5._________ (n.) 方式,方法 manner drawback 6.____________ (n.) 缺点,弊端

7.strike (vt.) __________ 打;打动
8.evident (adj.) _______________ 明显的,明白的 推荐,介绍 9.recommend (vt.) _____________ 10.catalogue (n.) __________ 商品目录 11.attendant (n.) _________ 服务员

攻击者 12.attacker (n.) _________

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布满灰尘的 13.dusty (adj.) ____________ Ⅱ.重点短语

1.___________ a second 等一下 hang on
2._______ and pieces 各种各样的零碎东西 bits 3.be based _____ 取材于;以??为基础 on offer 4._______ to do sth. 主动要求做某事 5.in ______ 事实上 fact neither 6.___________ ...nor 既不??也不

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addition 7.in ___________ 除此之外

charge 8.in _________ of 负责 9.be _________ with 厌烦 fed up
10._______ on 拜访 call light 11._______ up 点燃,照亮 ?Step Two:Fast Reading Read Language Awareness 3 and Culture

Corner carefully,then answer the following
questions.
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1.What happened to the hat’s owner? He used to be quite rich but something must

have happened to him,probably problems
with drink.His wife no longer loves him.He is middleaged with grey hair—which he has

had cut recently.He doesn’t do much exercise
and he hasn’t got gas in his house.

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2.Who was Peterson? Peterson was the door attendant,who found

the hat.
3.What was Romanticism in poetry? Romanticism was a literary and artistic movement of the late 18th and mid19th centuries.Romantic emotions were expressed in poems,stories,art and music.

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4.Who was William Wordsworth? William Wordsworth (1770~1850) was a

famous Romantic poet in England.In fact,
his name is synonymous with the English Romantic movement.

5.Who was Li Bai?
Li Bai (701~762) was one of China’s greatest poets,who lived during the Tang Dynasty.

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要点透析讲练互动
词汇精研
1treat vt.&n. 对待,处理,医疗;治疗;款 待,请客 (教材原句)Her sisters,Felicie and Adelaide,

are nasty and treat Beauty as a servant.

她的

姐妹们费利西和阿德莱德非常险恶,而且把 贝蒂当仆人对待。
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归纳拓展

①We treated him as a friend.

我们对他以朋友相待。
②Don’t treat me like a child. 不要把我当小孩看 待。 ③He treated his friends to some beer(the opera).
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他请朋友们喝了些啤酒(去听歌剧) 。 ④Which doctor is treating you for this

trouble?
哪位医生给你治病?

⑤This meal is my treat,so put your money
away. 这顿饭我请客,你把钱收起来吧。

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1-1单项填空? (2011· 高考四川卷)All visitors to this

village_____________with kindness.
A.treat C.are treating B.are treated D.had been treated

解析:选B。句子的主语all visitors是动词 treat的承受者,两者是动宾关系,且此处表 示一般事实,故用一般现在时。

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1-2完成句子?
(1)盘尼西林治好了他的肺炎。 Penicillin_____________ his pneumonia. (2)事故后卡车司机的淤伤得到了治疗。 After the accident,the lorry driver_________

for bruises.
答案: (1)cured him of (2)was treated

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名师微博 treat作“治疗”时,常与cure进行辨析:

cure指“治愈疾病,戒除恶习、弊端等”,
强调结果,常用于cure sb.of sth. 结构;treat 指“治疗……”,强调治疗的过程而非结果,

常用于treat sb.for sth. 结构。如:
The doctor treated Mike for his headache with a new drug but didn’t cure him of it.医 生用一种新药给迈克治疗头痛,但没治好。

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2manner n.[C]方式,方法[U]态度,样 子,举止

(教材原句)The film deals with the theme
of appearances in a very interesting and clever manner. 电影用一种很有趣而且聪明的方法来处理人 物的外貌这一主题。

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归纳拓展 manners礼貌,规矩;风俗,习惯

①He was walking in a strange manner
because he was drunk. 他走路的样子很怪,因为他喝醉了。 ②She has a very pleasant manner. 她举止非常和蔼可亲。

③It is bad manners to interrupt.
打断别人说话是不礼貌的。
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④It is interesting to learn the manners and customs of other countries.

学习其他国家的风俗习惯是很有趣的。
2-1完成句子? (1)请按这个方式填写表格。 in this manner Please fill out the form__________________. (2)宴会时要注意礼貌。 Mind your manners ________________________at the party.

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(3)喝汤时发出声音是不礼貌的。

bad manners It is ____________________to make noises while eating soup.
名师微博 表示“方式”的短语荟萃: manner:in a/an...manner means:by this means,means to do sth.,means

of doing sth.

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way:in this way,in the way of...,a way to do sth./of doing sth.

method:with this method
approach:approach to sth./doing sth.

3striking?adj.?引人注目的,突出的
(教材原句)Although it is in black and white,the striking use of light makes it seem at times like a moving painting.
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尽管电影是黑白的,但是引人注目的灯光效 果使电影不时地看起来像感人的油画。

归纳拓展
strike ?v.?打,敲击;罢工;打动(某人)

的心;突然想到(主意、构想等);(灾害
、疾病等)突然袭击;(时钟)敲报(时间)

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助记
巧记strike一词多义:

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①There is a striking difference between Jane and Mary.

简和玛丽之间有显著的差异。
②She is a very striking young woman. 她是一位非常引人注目的年轻女子。 ③The stone struck me on the side of the head. 石子打中了我头部的侧面。

④They struck for better working conditions.
他们为争取改善工作条件而罢工。
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⑤I was struck by the beauty of the West Lake. 我被西湖的美景给迷住了。

⑥I struck on the idea yesterday.
我昨天突然想到了这个主意。 3-1单项填空? Encourage your children to try new things,but try not to___________them too hard.

A.draw
C.rush

B.strike
D.push
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解析:选D。句意:多鼓励孩子们去尝试新事 物,但是尽量不要给他们太大压力。push含

有“施压,敦促”之意,符合语境.draw拖;
strike敲,打;rush冲。 3-2完成句子?

(1) _________________(我一下子明白)how It struck me
we could improve the situation. (2)The union leader called for the workers to go out ___________(罢工). on strike

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struck on (3)I’m not very___________ (喜欢)that new shop.

(4)我突然领悟到她在指责我。?
__________________she was accusing me. It struck me that (5)许多年前一次非常强大的地震袭击了那个 县。 ? A very big earthquake_________ that county struck many years ago.

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(6)钟响了8下。

struck That clock ______________eight.

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4recommend vt.推荐,介绍(教材原句) I recommend it for the whole family.

我建议一家人一起看这部电影。
归纳拓展 recommend sb.sth.=recommend sth.to sb.向 某人推荐…… recommend sb.as...推荐某人为……

recommend doing sth.建议做……

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recommend sb.to do sth.劝某人做…… recommend that sb.(should)do...建议……,

劝某人……(注意从句中用虚拟语气)
①My teacher recommended me a book on English study.

(=My teacher recommended a book on
English study to me). 老师向我推荐了一本关于英语学习的书。

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②Can you recommend a comrade who can take up the job?

你能向我介绍一位可以承担这项工作的同志吗?
③I recommend writing your feelings down on paper.

我建议你把你的情感写在纸上。
④I strongly recommend that you(should)do not disclose your password to anyone. 我强烈建议您不要向任何人公开您的密码。
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4-1句型转换? Can you recommend me a gardener? →Can you recommend _______________________me? a gardener to

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4-2用所给动词的适当形式填空? (1)It’s strongly recommend that the machine

____________________(check)every year. (should)be checked
(2)The doctor may recommend

limiting ___________________(limit)the amount of
fat in your diet.

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4-3单项填空 Teachers recommend parents their children

under 12 to ride bicycles to school for safety.
A.not allow C.mustn’t allow B.do not allow D.couldn’t allow

解析:选A。句意:老师建议家长为了安全起 见,不要让12岁以下的孩子骑自行车上学。 recommend后的宾语从句中的谓语形式应为 should do,should可以省略。
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名师微博 recommend后接的宾语从句及

recommendation后跟的表语从句、同位语从
句,还有recommend所构成的“It is recommended that...”句型中的谓语都用 (should)do形式。

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5in charge of负责,掌管 (教材原句)Who is in charge of getting a

catalogue of films?
谁负责找到一个电影目录? 归纳拓展 in the charge of在……的管理下 take charge of负责,掌管

free of charge免费

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charge sb.money for sth. 向某人要价(多少) 卖某物

charge sb.with... 指控某人有……罪
①An experienced engineer is in charge of the project.

一位有经验的工程师负责这项工程。
②Student nurses should not be left alone in charge of hospital wards. 不应当让见习护士单独照管医院病房。
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③She took charge of our class. 她负责管理我们这个班。

④He charged me ¥ 6.20 a kilo for eggs.
鸡蛋每公斤他向我要价6元2角。 ⑤Mr.Lyell used to be in charge of the computer company,but now it’s in the charge of his younger brother. Lyell先生过去是这家电脑公司的负责人,现 在他的弟弟负责了。
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5-1介词填空 (1)Could I speak to whoever is ____________ in

charge of International Sales,please?
(2)How much do you charge______________ for repairing the car?

(3)The suspect was charged ______________ with
(被指控)murdering his wife.

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5-2单项填空 —Hello,Grand Hotel.

—I’d like a room with a bath.How much do
you??

A.ask
C.afford

B.charge
D.pay

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解析:选B。根据句意“我想要一间带浴室 的房间”应该是“你们收多少钱?”。 charge“索(价);收(费)”,符合句意。 ask要求;afford给予,提供;买得起;pay

支付,付。

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名师微博 有些短语中名词前有无冠词意义截然不同,

如:

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6hang on 紧紧抓住;等等 (教材原句)Hang on a second.

稍等一会儿,别挂断(电话)。
归纳拓展 hang on to sth. hang up hang around 抓紧某物;保留某物 挂断电话 闲逛

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①Please hang up and dial again.
请挂机后重拨。? ②Hang on a minute/second,I’m nearly ready. 稍等片刻——我这就好了。 ③Hang on to that rope and don’t let go.

抓紧那根绳子,不要松手。
④I hung around for about an hour and then left there. 我闲逛了大约1小时,然后离开那里。
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6-1完成句子

Hang on (1)________________(等一下)and I’ll come with you.
(2)The hotel wouldn’t let her______________ hang on to (保留)her room.

(3)_______________________________(别挂 Don’t hang up
电话),please,I’ll switch you to my boss.

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6-2单项填空 —Sorry,I have to ________________now.It’s

time for class.
—OK,I’ll call back later. A.hang up C.give up B.break up D.hold up

解析:选A。hang up挂电话,符合语境。

break up拆散;give up放弃;hold up耽搁。

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句型巧析
1(教材原句)For example, when Beauty is walking back and forth while waiting for the Beast to visit her room,you can see a statue’s

head following her movements!
比如说,当美女来回走动,等待野兽来拜访她 的房间时,你能看到一座雕塑的头跟着她运动!

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[句法分析]

归纳拓展

状语从句省略应遵循下列原则:,(1)当状语
从句的主语与主句的主语一致时,可以省略 状语从句的主语和系动词be。,(2)当从句的 主语是 it,谓语动词中又含有系动词be 时,
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可以把it和系动词be一起省略。此时构成连 词(if,unless,when,whenever)+形容词的

结构。
①Once(he was)a worker,Pang Long now becomes a famous singer.庞龙曾经是个工人,

现在变成一位著名的歌手。 ②Work hard
when(you are)young,or you’ll regret.趁年 轻要努力学习,要不然你会后悔的。 ③He

looked everywhere as if(he was)in search of

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something.他到处看似乎在找什么东西。④ Unless(it is)necessary,you’d better not

refer to the dictionary.,如果没有必要,你最
好不要查字典。 1-1单项填空

(1)The school rules state that no child shall
be allowed out of the school during the day, ______________accompanied by an adult. A.once B.when C.if D.Unless

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解析:选D。句意:校规上说——除非有成

年人陪同,否则孩子们在校期间不能离开学
校。unless除非,其后省略了he is。 (2)(2012· 江西南昌调研)Every evening after dinner,if not____________from work,I will spend some time walking my dog. A.being tired C.tired B.Tiring D.to be tired

解析:选C。if not tired from work是if I’m

not tired from work的省略。
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1-2翻译句子 (1)The exhibition is more interesting than(it

is)expected.
这次展览比预料的有趣的多。 _____________________________________ (2)我在上大学时就开始认识他,一个奇怪但

有能力的学生。
______________________________________ While(I was)at college,I began to know ___________________________ him,a strange but able student.

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(3)奥林匹克金牌获得者跨栏运动员刘翔张开 嘴好像要说什么。

Olympic gold medallist hurdler Liu Xiang _______________________________________
opened his lips as if(he were)to __________________________ speak. (4)Don’t come in until (you are) asked to. ________________________________ 不叫你请你不要进来。

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2(教材原句)Peterson did not know what to do with either the hat or the goose so he

brought both to me on Christmas morning.
彼得森不知道该怎么处理这顶帽子和这只鹅, 所以在圣诞节的早晨他把这两样东西带给了

我。
[句法分析] (1)句中what to do with...属于“ 疑问词/whether+不定式”结构,在句中作

know的宾语。(2)either...or...意为“要么??

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要么??,不是??就是??”,表示两者 择一,常用来连接两个并列成分。

归纳拓展
“疑问词/whether+不定式”结构用法说明 :(1)语法功能:可作主语、宾语、表语、同

位语等(2)常见疑问词:who(m),how,
when,where,which,what等(3)作主语时 谓语动词通常用单数

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①How to do it is still a question. 仍是个问题。(主语)

该怎样做

②The problem is where to put this computer.
问题是该把这台计算机放在哪儿。(表语) ③Put this dictionary either on the bookshelf

or on the desk.
把这本字典放在书架上或放在课桌上。 ④Either you or I am going there tomorrow. 明天要么你去那里,要么我去那里。
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2-1单项填空 (1)(2011· 高考辽宁卷)Twenty students want to

attend the class that aims to
teach______________to read fast. A.what B.who

C.how

D.Why

解析:选C。“特殊疑问词+不定式”结构 how to read fast在句中作teach的宾语,how 表示方式。
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(2)He told us whether______________a picnic was still under discussion. A.to have C.have B.having D.had

解析:选A。“whether+to do”结构在宾语

从句中作主语。故选A。

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(3)Either you or one of your students______________to attend the

meeting that is due tomorrow.
A.are C.have B.is D.be

解析:选B。either...or...连接的并列成分作
主语时,谓语动词的人称和数遵循“就近原 则”,故选B。

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名师微博 or,either...or...,neither...nor...,not only...but(also)...,not...but...连接的并列 成分作主语时,谓语动词的人称和数遵循 “就近原则”。

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3(教材原句)He used to be quite rich but something must have happened to him,

probably problems with drink.
酒的问题。

他过去非常

富有,但是他一定发生了什么事,可能是喝

[句法分析]

must have happened to him是

“must+have+done”结构,该结构表示对 过去情况的肯定推测,意思是“想必/准是/

一定做了某事”。

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归纳拓展 (1)can’t+have+done表示对过去情况的否定

推测,意为“不可能做了某事”。
(2)can+have+done表示对过去行为的怀疑,

用于疑问句,译成“可能做过??吗?”。
(3)could+have+done是虚拟语气,表示对 过去事情的假设,意思是本来能够做某事而 没有做。

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(4)may+have+done表示对发生过的事情的 推测,意思是“可能已经”或“也许已经”,

用于肯定句中。might与may意思相同,但可
能性更小。多用于虚拟语气结构中。 (5)would+have+done虚拟语气,表示对过去

事情的假设,意思是“本来会做”。
(6)should+have+done意思是“本来应该做 某事,而实际没做。”ought to与其用法基本 相同。“shouldn’t+have+done”表示本来

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不应该做某事,而实际做了。含有指责对方或 自责的含意。

(7)need+have+done表示本来需要做某事而没
有做。“needn’t+have+done”则表示“本来 不需要做某事而做了”。

①The road is wet.It must have rained last night.
路面是湿的。昨晚一定下雨了。 ②He can’t have worked in the office last night, for he had to go to a party at 6∶00 pm.
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昨晚他不可能在办公室工作,因为(昨天)晚 上六点他得参加一个聚会。

③He could have passed the exam,but he
was too careless.,本来他能够通过考试,但是 他太粗心。

④She might have achieved greater progress,
if you had given her more chances. 如果你多给她点机会,她可能已经取得更大 的成绩

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3-1单项填空,(1)(2011· 高考课标全国卷) They______________have arrived at

lunchtime but their flight was delayed.
A . will C. must B.can D.Should

解析:选D。句意:他们本该在午饭时间到
达,但他们的航班推迟了。should have done 本该做某事(实际上却未做)。

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(2)Mark______________have hurried.After driving at top speed,he arrived half an hour

early.
A.needn’t C.mustn’t B.wouldn’t D.couldn’t

解析:选A。考查“情态动词+have done”
的用法。needn’t have done表示“本不必 做(但已经做了)”,符合语境。

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Unit 18

3-2完成句子 (1)其实我本没必要买这么多酒,只来了三个

人。 needn’t have bought I actually____________________ so much
wine-only three people came.

(2)我现在觉得肚子疼,我刚才不应该吃那么
多的炸鸡。 I’m not feeling well in the stomach. I______________________ so much fried shouldn’t have eaten
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Unit 18

chicken just now. (3)昨天晚上你一定睡得很晚,你的眼睛红红

的。
You__________________ must have gone to bed late last

night.Your eyes are red.
(4)这场事故本来是可以避免的.The accident ___________________________. could have been avoided

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Unit 18

4(教材原句)“There’s no crime,”said Sherlock Holmes laughing.

夏洛克· 福尔摩斯笑着说:“没有犯罪。”
[句法分析] laughing为现在分词作状语,表

伴随情况。分词在句子中作状语,可以表示
时间、条件、原因、结果、让步、伴随等。

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Unit 18

分词作状语时,它的逻辑主语与句子的主语 一致。作状语的分词相当于一个状语从句。

①Having been bitten by a snake,she was
frightened at it.(表原因) 由于曾被蛇咬过,她很害怕蛇。

②Making every effort,you’ll succeed at
last.(表条件) 如果尽一切努力,你最终会成功的。

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Unit 18

③Asked why he did it(=When he was asked why...),he said it was his duty.(表时间)

当问到他为什么做此事时,他说那是他的职
责。 ④The news shocked the public,leading to

great concern about students’ safety at
school. 这则新闻震惊了公众,也使学生在校安全得 到了重视。

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Unit 18

4-1用所给动词的适当形式填空 (1)“You can’t catch me!”Jennet shouted, running ______________(run)away. Not knowing (2)____________ (not know)her address,we

couldn’t get in touch with her.
Having been given (3)__________________ (give)a successful operation, the patient is expected to recover from his illness within a month.
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Unit 18

4-2单项填空(2011· 高考四川卷) ______________an important role in a new

movie,Andy has got a chance to become
famous. A.Offer B.Offering

C.Offered D.To offer

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Unit 18

解析:选C。考查非谓语动词作状语。句子 主语Andy与offer之间是动宾关系,所以用过

去分词作状语。故选C。
名师微博 分词在句子中作状语,使用何种分词取决于 分词与主语的关系;主谓关系用现在分词, 动宾或被动关系用过去分词。

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Unit 18

本部分内容讲解结束
按ESC键退出全屏播放

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