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appear,seem,look看来像吗


appear,seem,look 的差异
一、含义上的差异 appear 是指根据事物的外表表象做出判断的,但实质上并不一定如此;seem 是表示说话人主 观上的判断,暗示有一定的依据,往往接近事实的判断;look 是根据视觉印象而得出的判断, 实质上也可能如此。例如: He has a small salary but he appears rich. 他工资很低但却显得很富。 (其实并非如此) He seems rich. (I think he is rich.) 他看起来很富有。 (根据个人的主观判断而推断出) He looks rich. 他是很富有的,(从他花钱办事的言行中可感觉出) 二、用法上的差异 1. appear / look / seem 后均可带名词、形容词、to be 结构。 He appeared / seemed / looked an honest man. 看来他是一个诚实的人。 He appeared (to be) sad when he heard the bad news.当他听到这个坏消息时,似乎很悲伤。 注:在接 to be 结构时,to be 常常被省略。例如: The flowers seem (to be) more beautiful at this time. 此时,花儿好像更漂亮。 2. Look 可用于进行时,而 seem / appear 一般不能。例如: You are looking quite a different person.你现在的样子完全是另一个人了。 3. Appear 和 seem 之后可接动词不定式的各种形式,而 look 之后除了能接 to be 结构外,不 接其它动词不定式形式。 He appeared to be proud of himself. 他好像为自己而骄傲。 She does not seem to have been to Beijing. 她好像没有去过北京。 4. Look,seem 能与介词 like 构成习语,意思是“看上去像”,而 appear 却不能。例如: It seemed like years since I last saw you. 自从上次见到你后,好像很久没有见到你了。 The new building looks like a hospital. 这座建筑物看起来像一座医院。 5. Seem / look 后均可接 as if / as though 引导的表语从句,若表示不能实现的现实,则用虚拟 语气,而 appear 则不能。例如: It seemed / looked as if it was going to rain. 看起来天快要下雨了。 It seemed as if he were to start at once. 看起来好像他马上要动身。 6. Appear 和 seem 均可接 that 引导的从句,而 look 不能。 It seems / appears that the book is too difficult for us. 这本书好像对我们来说太难了。 It seems that John will win the race. 好像约翰能跑第一。 7. Appear 和 seem 可用于 there be 结构中,而 look 不能。例如 There appeared / seemed nothing to be done. 大家似乎觉得没有办法了。 There appears to have been an accident.好像除了一次事故。



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