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情态动词用法归纳与强化练习30


情态动词的用法

一、情态动词命题特点:
1.考点点击: 情态动词主要用来表示说话人的看法、 态度等,它是每年高考必考内容. 2.命题热点:

情态动词的基本用法,表示态度、推测的 用法以及在虚拟语气中的运用. 3.考查形式:主要体现在听力理解、单项填空 和完形填空中.

can could may mi

ght shall should must will would ought to
have to dare (daren’t) need (needn’t) used to

表示说话人的 看法、态度等

情态动词
表示推测

1. 表示能力、许可的情态动词的用法。 表示能力: can, could, be able to *be able to 能用于各种时态

can 表示现在的能力 “能,会”
could 表示过去的能力 “能,会”

*was / were able to : “设法做成某事”
相当于 managed to do sth. succeeded in doing sth.。

A 1. A computer ______ think for itself; it must be told what to do. A. can’t C. may not B. couldn’t D. might not

2. The fire spread through the hotel very D quickly but everyone ______ get out. A. had to C. could B. would D. was able to

3. They will ___ D run this machine on their

own in three months.
A. can B. could

C. may

D. be able to

4. That big cinema ___ A seat 2,000 people.

A. can
C. ought to

B. should
D. is able to

表示许可: may / might “或许,可能,可以” 不太确定,多于“not sure,not certain”连用
* might, could 比较委婉, 一般多用于疑问句. * 在以could, might 表示征询对方意见 或表示请求时,回答应相应使用can, may. may/might as well do sth. 不妨…; 还是…为好

1. --May I come in?

--Come in, please.

2. You may have a rest.

3. I may be a sailor when I grow up.
4. You might have a try as well.

5. — Could I borrow your dictionary? C — Yes, of course you _______. A. might C. can B. will D. should

6. — Might I watch TV after supper?

— Yes, you ________. A
A. may B. must

C. might

D. can

2. 表示否定的情态动词的用法:
部分情态动词的否定式是情态动词中的考点 之一。 mustn’t needn’t to ) can’t 不能; 不可能 不准, 禁止 没必要 ( = don’t have

may not

不可以; 可能不

shouldn’t 不应该 ( = ought not

7. You ______ C return the book now. You can keep it till next week if you like.

A. can’t
C. needn’t

B. mustn’t
D. may not

B play with the knife, you 8. Johnny, you ____ ____ hurt yourself.

A. won’t ; can’t
may C. shouldn’t ; must

B. mustn’t ;

D. can’t ;

9. --Will you stay for lunch?

--Sorry, ___. B My brother is coming to see
me. A. I mustn’t C. I needn’t B. I can’t D. I won’t

10. --May I pick a flower in the garden? C -- ________. A. No, you needn’t B. Not, please.

C. No, you mustn’t D. No, you won’t

3. 情态动词:will 的多种意义:
will+ 动词原形: * 表示将来。 过去时为 would.
* will 可表示意愿、常出现的动作、在疑问句

中表示请求和建议.

11. We are not going to quarrel at all if you
will only let me speak. _____

只要你让我说话, 我们根本就不会吵架.
12. The door _______ won’t open.

这门经常打不开.
13. Ronald ______ stay in his small garden D for a long time every day in the past. A. could B. might C. should D. would

4、shall
1)用于第一人称表将来。 2)用于一,三人称疑问句,表征求对方意见或向对方请求。

3用于二、三人称,表示保证、承诺、威胁、警告。

You shall be punished if you go on doing it this way.

(表示警告)
I shall go to work after I have finished school. (表示将来) --Shall he come in? -- Come in, please. (表示征求对方意见)

14. Heshall ______ be punished if he disobeys.
15. --Sir, ____ B he go or stay? --Let him go. A. will B. shall C. might D. could shall have the book after I read it. 16. You _____ 我看完以后一定把这本书给你. 17.Tom’s father promised, “You C ___have a new examination,” computer if you pass the coming

A.can

B.should

C.shall

D.may

5、should
1)表示“应该”

2)表示说话人的感情(惊奇、愤怒、失望等)
“竟然”

翻译:
They should be here by now. 他们到现在应该来了。 You can’t imagine that the well-educated gentleman should be so rude to a lady. 你一定不会想象那个教育良好的绅士竟然 如此粗鲁的对待一个女士。

------When can I come for the photos ? I need them tomorrow afternoon. B -----They _____be ready by 12 : 00 .

A. can
C. might

B. should
D. need

6、must
? ? ? ?

1 必须 2 推测:(肯定句)一定 3 偏要,非要(一种不满语气) You must be Mr Smith----I was told to expect you here. We must do everything step by step. Must you play the piano while others are sleeping?

? ?

3、表猜测语气的反意疑问句的构成
He must be reading, isn ____ he? ’t
don’ You must do it yourself, ____ you?

He must have gone over the article, ______he? hasn
didn it? It must have rained last night, _____ ’t ’t

t

二、情态动词注意事项:
1.特殊回答
(1)--Could I borrow your book? can -- Yes. Of course you ____. (2)--Would you like to do it for me ? would like to -- Yes. I ______________. (3)--Must he get ready now?

needn’t / doesn’t have -- No, he__________________________.

2、推测语气
(1) 对现在或将来情况推测:+动词原形
must +动词原形, “一定”

may\might +动词原形,“或许,可能” can’t +动词原形,“一定不,不可能” can+动词原形,用于疑问句 “可能” --Isn’t that Ann’s husband over there? --No, it ____ A be him ---I’m sure he doesn’t wear glasses. A.can’t B. must not C. won’t D. may not

7、情态动词+have done
1)对过去情况推测。
should have done 本应该做某事但没做

shouldn't have doen 本不应该做某事但做了
must have done 过去一定做过某事

may\might have done 过去可能做过某事
may\might not have done 过去可能没做过某事 can't\couldn't have done 过去一定没做过某事 needn't have done 过去没必要做某事但做了

Jenny ____with him at that time, for I was having A dinner with her in my home. A.can’t have been B. mustn’t have been C. must be D. may be --There were already five people in the car but they managed to take me as well. D --It ____a comfortable journey. A. can't be B. shouldn't be C. mustn't have been D. couldn't have been ---- Did you walked home by yourself last night ? D ---- Yes, I did. But I think I _____. A.needn’t B. shouldn’t C. may not have D. needn’t have

5. 用于虚拟语气的情态动词:
should

might
could

would
needn’t ought to

2)译成“本…”could/might/should/would/

need have done.

译:你本该早五分钟来.

You should have come here five minutes earlier.

3)虚拟语气(与过去事实相反的主句)

译: If you had followed my advice, you wouldn’t have been defeated.
如果你当时接受了我的忠告,你是不会失败的.

They are disappointed at the English party. They say that it ___better organized. ( D )
A.

A.had been B. had to be C. must have been D. could have been

---- Did you walked home by yourself last night ? ---- Yes, I did. But I think I _____. ( D )
A.

needn’t

B. shouldn’t C. may not have

D. needn’t have

情态动词考题: 1. Put on more clothes. You with only a shirt on. A. can B. could C. must

C be feeling cold

D. would

2. "Must I drive to his house and pick up the children?" "No, C ." A. you shouldn't C. you needn't

B. you might not D. you mustn't

3. We didn't see Tom at the meeting yesterday. He B it. A. mustn't have attended B. cannot have attended C. needn't have attended

D. would have not attended
4. We A

play chess than bridge. Some of us

don't know how to play bridge. A. had better B. would better C. would rather D. had rather

5. There is someone knocking at the door.A it be Tom? A. can B. must C. should D. ought to

6. Two year ago, my husband bought me a bicy
If you live in town, it is often faster than a car and you D A. must not C. should not worry about parking. B. may not D. don't have to

1. I’m sorry I A ___ finish my homework on time.
A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. may A stop. 2. When the lights are red, the traffic __ then you __ cross. A. must…can B. have to … must C. can…can D. should…should 3. You __ C return the dictionary now. You __keep it until next week. A. can’t…can B. may…should C. needn’t…may D. may… must 4. You’d better go and ask the policeman. HeB __ know how to get to the shop. A. can B. may C. would D. need

5. -- Must we finish our homework now? -- No, you ___. B A. must B. needn’t C. can’t D. may not 6. You made so many spelling mistakes. You __ B be more careful next time. A. have to B. should C. can D. may 7. --Must I turn off the light now? --Yes, you__. C A. need B.should C. must D. may D 8. You ___talk when you are driving. It’s dangerous. A. can B. can’t C. should D.shouldn’t C__ be ill. 9. He doesn’t come to school on time. He A. can B. can’t C. must D. mustn’t 10. Lisa has gone to Beijing. The young lady over there __ B be her. A. can B. can’t C. must D. mustn’t

They are disappointed at the English party. They say that it ___better organized. ( D )
A.

A.had been B. had to be C. must have been D. could have been

---- Did you walked home by yourself last night ? ---- Yes, I did. But I think I _____. ( D )
A.

needn’t

B. shouldn’t C. may not have

D. needn’t have

情态动词典型
例题专练

一、考查情态动词的基本用法 1.“The interest ______be divided into D five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides.” declared the judge. A. may B. should C. must D. shall 2.— The room is so dirty. ______ we B clean it? — Of course. A. Will B. Shall C. Would D. Do

3.He’s strange -- he B ____ sit for hours without saying anything. A. shall B. will C. can D. must

A 4.John, look at the time. _______ you play the piano at such a late hour? A. Must B. Can C. May D. Need

5.Tom, you _____leave B all your clothes on the floor like this! A.wouldn’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. may not
6.You can’t imagine that a wellC behaved gentleman _____ be so rude to a lady. A.might B. need C. should D. would

7._____it A rain tomorrow, the meeting would be put off. A.Should B. Would C. Could D. Must
8.A left-luggage office is a place where bags ____ B be left for a short time, especially at a railway station. A. should B. can C. must D. will

二、考查情态动词的推测用法 1.Helen _____go on the trip with us C but she isn’t quite sure yet. A. shall B. must C. may D. can 2.—I’ve taken someone else’s green sweater by mistake. D Harry’s. He always wears —It ___ green. A.has to be B. will be C. mustn’t be D. could be

3.That, I think, ____ C be all that I want to say. A. can B. could C. will D. ought to 4.You might just as well tell the manufacturer that male customers ______ not like the design of the C furniture. A. must B. shall C. may D. need

5.--Isn’t that Ann’s husband over there? A --No, it _______ be him ---I’m sure he doesn’t wear glasses. A.can’t B. must not 6.My sister at the Grand C. won ’t met him D. may not Theatre yesterday afternoon, so he A your lecture. _____ A.couldn’t have attended B. needn’t have attended C. mustn’t have attended D. shouldn’t have attended

三、考查情态动词的虚拟用法
1.He paid for a seat, when he A ______ have entered free. A. could B. would C. must D. need 2.You should not have swum in D have been that river. You ____ eaten by fish. A. must B. may C. will D. might

Good-bye!


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