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高考英语写作的训练方法(三)


高考英语写作的训练方法(三)
写好句子的方法二:改写句子 1) Mr. Green is a tall man, who wears a pair of thick glasses. (改成介 词短语做伴随状语) 1) The book cost me 300 yuan. Mr. Green is a tall man with a pair of thick glasses. 2) The ice on the lake is too thin for us to skate on. (使用 so…that… 结构改写句子) The ice on the lake is so thin that we can't skate on it. 练习方法三:一句多译 这本书花了我 300 元。 I spent 300 yuan on the book. I paid 300 yuan for the book. The price of the book is 300 yuan. It cost me 300 yuan to buy the book. 我不懂什么英语,李明也不懂。 I don't know any English, nor does Li Ming. I hardly know any English, nor does Li Ming. I hardly know any English, neither does Li Ming. I hardly know any English, no more does Li Ming. I hardly know any English, so it is with Li Ming. I know no more English than Li Ming does. I know as little English as Li Ming does. 一到家,我就把所见到的一切都记了下来。 On/Upon arriving home, I wrote down everything I had seen. As soon as I arrived home, I wrote down everything I had seen. The moment I arrived home, I wrote down everything I had seen. The instant I arrived home, I wrote down everything I had seen. No sooner had I arrived home than I wrote down everything I had seen. 昨天下午他才来。 He came here yesterday afternoon. He didn't come here until yesterday afternoon. Not until yesterday afternoon did he come here. It was yesterday afternoon that he arrived here. It was not until yesterday afternoon that he came here. 谋篇的原则: 满分作文都有个共性就是有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。文 章的连贯性和紧凑感是很重要的。 句子作为最小的表达意思的语言当位如果只是 被随意的整合,是无法达到有效表达的目的。 常见的句子之间的连接手段有: 使用代词指代上一句中的名词
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重复使用上一句中的词 使用连接词 使用平行结构 高考大纲中常用的连接词: 表并列补充关系的: what is more, besides, also, as well, moreover, furthermore, in addition, 表转折对比关系的: but, however, yet, instead, on the other hand, on the contrary, although, different from, in contrast to, despite, in spite of, whereas, unlike, nevertheless, not only…but also, here…there, years ago…today, this…that, the former…the latter, then…now, the first…whereas the second, once…now, on the one hand…on the other hand, some…others, 表因果关系的: since, as, because (of), for, so, thus, therefore, as a result, so that, 表条件关系的: if, on the condition (that), as long as, unless, or else, 表时间关系的: when, after, before, until, as soon as, later, afterwards, soon, lately, recently, since, from then on, eventually, in the meantime, then, suddenly, at the same time, next, early this morning/year/century, after an interval, now, after, presently, later, afterward, somewhat later, finally, at last, all of a sudden, 表特定的顺序关系: above all, first of all, firstly, first, secondly, the , next, finally, in the end, at last, 表换一种方式表达: in other words, that is to say, to put it another way, 表进行举例说明: for instance, for example, like, such as, 表陈述事实: in fact, actually, as a matter of fact, to tell you the truth 表总结: on the whole, in short, all in all, general, in a word, in conclusion, in closing, in summary.

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