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2015英语课堂新坐标高三一轮复习课后作业10


课后作业(十)
Ⅰ.语法和词汇知识 1.(2013 届泰安市模拟)Readers are required to________the rules of the library and mind their manners. A.review C.observe 【解析】 B.confirm D.manage 句意:要求读者遵守图书馆的规定并注意自己的行为举止。

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observe 遵守,观察;review 复习;confirm 证实;manage 设法做到。 【答案】 C

2.—I don't know what to________ her recent behaviour at all. —Neither do I. A.make up C.make for 【解析】 B.make of D.make into

前句句意:我一点也不理解她最近的行为。make of“理解”;

make up“编造,组成”;make for“朝??走去/前进”;make into“制作,做 成”。根据句意可知答案为 B。 【答案】 B

3. (2013 届聊城模拟)The big snow caused great________ to the people living in the south of China,________ some of them homeless. A.destroy;left C.ruin;having left B.damage;leaving D.wound;leaving

【解析】 考查名词词义辨析及分词的用法。句意:大雪给居住在中国南部 的人们带来了巨大损失,致使一些人无家可归。cause damage to 表示“对??造 成危害”,leaving some of them homeless 为结果状语,表示自然的结果。 【答案】 B

4.The government will force companies to________ any possible measure to reduce air pollution. A.adjust C.adapt B.adopt D.accept

【解析】 考查动词辨析。句意:政府会迫使公司采取任何可能的措施来减 少空气污染。adopt“采用,采纳,收养”,符合句意。adjust“调整,适应”; adapt“适应,改写”;accept“接受”。 【答案】 B

5.I don't think she is a nice woman;I'm________ her empty talk. A.grateful for C.crazy about 【解析】 B.tired of D.concerned about

考查短语搭配。be grateful for 对??感激;be tired of 对??感

到厌烦;be crazy about 对??热衷;be concerned about 关心。根据句意选 B。 【答案】 B

6.A woman was dug out________ after being buried deep in the ruins for more than 200 hours. A.living C.alive 【解析】 B.lively D.live 考查形容词辨析。此处 alive 作主语补足语,修饰 a woman。句

意:在废墟中被埋了 200 多个小时后一位妇女被挖出来,她仍活着。 【答案】 C

7.I can't stand________ with Jane in the same office.She just refuses________ talking while she works. A.working;stopping C.working;to stop 【解析】 B.to work;stopping D.to work;to stop

stand doing sth.容忍做某事;refuse to do sth.拒绝做某事。句意:

我不能容忍和简在一个办公室,她总是不停地说话。 【答案】 C

8.It is said that the old man is ________ in repairing all kinds of cars. A.fond C.good B.well D.expert

【解析】 句意:据说那位老人修车很在行。be fond of 喜欢; do well in 擅 长,做得好;be good at 擅长;be expert in 对??熟练。 【答案】 D

9. If you're free at two o'clock on Friday, I shall be________ to show you around the city. A.delightful C.stressful 【解析】 B.delighted D.stressed 考查形容词辨析。delighted 高兴的,愉快的;delightful 令人愉

快的,可爱的。句意:如果你星期五两点有空的话,我很乐意带你去逛逛这个城 市。stressful 压力重的,紧张的;stressed 感到有压力的,焦虑不安。 【答案】 B

10.The waste can be recycled into new products,which________ will save natural resources. A.in turn C.by chance B.above all D.at least

【解析】 句意: 废料能够被回收制成新产品, 反过来这也将节省自然资源。 in turn“反过来, 轮流”; above all“最重要的是”; by chance“偶然, 意外地”; at least“至少”。 【答案】 A

11.(2012· 银川模拟)________ to that piece of music always makes her feel happy. A.Listening C.Listen B.To listen D.Listened

【解析】 本题考查动词ing 作主语。动词不定式也可以作主语,但表示偶 然的动作,本题阐述的是一般情况,故用 listening。 【答案】 A

12.The________ of her children playing in the yard is always remembered by the mother. A.screen C.landscape B.scene D.scenery

【解析】 考查名词辨析。 scene 景色, (现实生活中的)情景, 符合题意。 screen 屏幕;landscape 风景,风景画;scenery 景色,风景。句意:她的孩子们在院子 里玩耍的情景经常被这位母亲记起。

【答案】

B

13. Jim tried hard, and finally he ________ his dream of being the best footballer of his school. A.recognised C.organised 【解析】 B.realised D.reviewed

考查动词辨析。realise 实现,领悟,了解,意识到,符合题意。

recognise 识别,认出;organise 组织;review 复习。句意:Jim 很努力并最终实 现了他当全校最好的足球运动员的梦想。 【答案】 B

14. We're trying to________ a few hundred dollars every month for our vacation. A put off C.put out 【解析】 B.put down D.put aside 句意:我们正在尽量每月存几百美金以供度假用。put aside“储

存(钱)备用”;put off“推迟”;put out“扑灭”;put down“写下,镇压”。故 答案为 D。 【答案】 D

15.—Alice,you have good taste in art. —________. A.Don't change a thing. B.What do you make of it? C.Have you got that? D.Thanks for the compliment. 【解析】 考查日常交际。句意: ——Alice,你对艺术很有鉴赏力。 ——

谢谢您的赞美。(Thanks for the compliment.) Don 't change a thing.别做改动;What do you make of it? 你怎么看待这件事? Have you got that? 明白了吗? 【答案】 D

Ⅱ.翻译句子 1.你认为这部新片怎么样?(what do you make of...?) _________________________________________________________________ 2.这真是一个非常有趣的故事。(most)

_________________________________________________________________ 3.这是昨天会议上讨论过的问题。(过去分词短语作定语) _________________________________________________________________ 4.我想这周该轮到我开车送孩子们上学了。(It's one's turn to do sth.) _________________________________________________________________ 5.他看到一个陌生人在商店附近闲逛。(observe sb.doing sth.) _________________________________________________________________ 【答案】 interesting story. 1.What do you make of the new film? 2.This is really a most 4.I

3.This is the problem discussed at the meeting yesterday.

think it's my turn to drive the kids to school this week. hanging around the store. Ⅲ.完形填空

5.He observed a stranger

(2013 届泰安模拟)I used to find notes left in the collection basket of the church; beautiful notes about my homilies(布道) and about the writer's thoughts on the daily readings.The __1__ fascinated(吸引) me.But it was a long time __2__ I met the author of the notes. One Sunday morning,I was told someone was __3__ for me in the office,a young woman who said she __4__ all the notes.When I saw her I was __5__,since I had no idea that it was she who wrote the notes.She was sitting in a chair in the office.Her head was __6__ and when she raised it to look at me,she could barely __7__ without pain.Her face was disfigured(畸形), so smiling was very __8__ for her. We __9__ for a while that Sunday morning and agreed to meet for lunch later that week. As it __10__ we went to lunch several times,and we shared things about our __11__.We spoke of authors we both had __12__,and it was easy to tell that __13__ were a great love of hers. She suffered from a disfigurement that cannot be made to look __14__.I know that her condition __15__ her deeply.Yet there was a beauty in her that had __16__ to do with looks.She was one to be listened to,whose words came from a wounded but __17__ heart.She possessed a finetuned sense of beauty.Her only __18__ in life was the loss of a friend. The truth of her life was a desire to see __19__ the surface for a glimpse of what

it is that matters.She found beauty and __20__ and they befriended her,and showed her what is real. 【语篇解读】 本文讲述了一位脸部畸形、相貌丑陋的妇女用自己内心的美 和所表现出的优雅深深地打动了作者。 1.A.collection C.notes 【解析】 【答案】 2.A.since C.when 【解析】 【答案】 B.ideas D.basket 第一句已提到了是小便笺(note)。 C B.after D.before it was a long time before... “很久以后才??”符合文意。 D B.praying D.looking wait for sb.“等某人”,有人在办公室等我。 C B.left D.collected

3.A.preparing C.waiting 【解析】 【答案】 4.A.cast C.dropped

【解析】 cast “投掷”; leave“留下, 放”; drop“失手丢掉”; collect“收 集”。从上文看出,这位妇女是在作者布道时随手写的一些感想,因此写完后就 把它们“放”在教堂的心意蓝里。 【答案】 B B.dissatisfied D.disappointed

5.A.shocked C.frightened 【解析】 “震惊”。 【答案】 6.A.high C.leaned 【解析】 A

作者没有料到写这些“便笺”的是这样的一位女士,因此感到

B.bowed D.shaken 从下文她抬起头来向我微笑可知她是垂着头的,因此选 B。

【答案】 7.A.stand C.speak 【解析】 【答案】 8.A.sweet C.ugly 【解析】 【答案】

B B.smile D.cry 下文有提示,她微笑起来非常困难。 B B.bitter D.difficult 由于她脸部畸形,所以她笑起来是很困难的。 D B.discussed D.greeted 他们见面时“聊天”符合常理。 A B.turned to D.came to

9.A.chatted C.ate 【解析】 【答案】

10.A.turned out C.came out 【解析】 【答案】

turn out “结果证明??”此处表示后来情况怎样。 A B.beliefs D.lives 两人相互探讨“人生”。 D B.recognized D.heard 两人谈起了“读过”(read)的书的作者。 C B.prayer D.books 由上文谈论的内容可知“读书”是这位女士的乐趣。 D B.pleasant

11.A.ideals C.hobbies 【解析】 【答案】

12.A.known C.read 【解析】 【答案】

13.A.travel C.writings 【解析】 【答案】

14.A.friendly

C.attractive 【解析】 【答案】 15.A.hurt C.frustrated 【解析】 【答案】

D.unusual

attractive “吸引人的”,脸部畸形的她不可能以相貌“动人”。 C B.impressed D.affected

因为这位女士相貌畸形,可以想象得出她内心深深的痛苦。 A B.nothing D.connection have nothing to do with sth.“与??无关”。她所表现出来的不

16.A.something C.link 【解析】

是外表的美,而是内心的美,这种美与外表无关。 【答案】 B B.interesting D.excited 下文说明了她珍视友谊,可以看出她的内心充满了“爱”。 C B.sorrow D.regret 在生命中她唯一“害怕”的是失去友谊。 A B.in D.beyond beyond “在??之外,超出”。此处指她的愿望是透过事情的

17.A.cheerful C.loving 【解析】 【答案】 18.A.fear C.defeat 【解析】 【答案】 19.A.on C.within 【解析】

表面看出问题的本质。 【答案】 D B.hope D.happiness grace“优雅”,与前面的 beauty“美”并列。 C

20.A.success C.grace 【解析】 【答案】

Ⅳ.阅读理解

(2013 届莱芜市一模)Once when I was six years old, I saw an amazing picture in a book called True Stories from Nature about the primeval forest.It was a picture of a boa constrictor(大蟒蛇) in the act of swallowing an animal. In the book it said:“Boa constrictors swallow their prey wholly without chewing it.After that they are not able to move and they sleep through the six months that they need for digestion.” I thought deeply then over the adventures of the jungle.And after some work with a colored pencil,I succeeded in making my first drawing,my Drawing Number One.I showed my work to the grownups and asked them whether the drawing frightened them. But they answered:“Frighten? Why should anyone be frightened by a hat?” My drawing was not a picture of a hat. It was a picture of a boa constrictor digesting an elephant.But since the grownups were not able to understand it,I made another drawing. I drew the inside of the boa constrictor so that the grownups could see it clearly.They always need to have things explained.That's my Drawing Number Two. The grownups' response this time was to advise me to lay aside my drawings of boa constrictors whether from the inside or the outside and devote myself instead to geography,history,arithmetic and grammar. That is why at the age of six I gave up the dream that I might have been a great painter.I had been disheartened by the failure of my Drawing Number One and my Drawing Number Two.Grownups never understand anything by themselves and it is tiresome for children to be always and forever explaining things to them. So then I chose another profession and learned to pilot airplanes. I have flown a little over all parts of the world;and it is true that geography has been very useful to me. At a glance,I can distinguish China from Arizona. If one gets lost in the night, such knowledge is valuable. In the course of this life,I have had lots of chances to meet with a great many people.And that hasn't much improved my opinion of them. Whenever I met one of them who seemed to me at all clearsighted, I tried showing him my Drawing Number One which I have always kept.I would try to find out if this was a person of true understanding. But whoever it was,he or she would always say: That is a hat. Then I would never talk to that person about boa constrictors or primeval forests or stars.I

would bring myself down to his level.I would talk to him about bridge,golf,politics and neckties.And the grownups would be greatly pleased to have met such an intelligent man. 【语篇解读】 作者的两幅画一直都得不到人们的真正理解,他感到非常困 惑,希望能遇到一个理解自己的人,但希望总是落空。 1.The writer drew his first picture in order to________. A.show the grownups what the book was about B.frighten the grownups trying to enter the forest C.remind himself of the adventures of the jungle D.illustrate a boa constrictor's act of digesting an animal 【解析】 推理判断题。根据第三段中“It was a picture of a boa constrictor

digesting an elephant.”可知,应选 D 项。 【答案】 D

2. How did the writer understand the grownups' response to his second drawing? A.He was actually only good at academic study. B.It was a waste of time for him to keep on drawing. C.He had difficulty in communicating with the adults. D.He was good at anything but geography. 【解析】 推理判断题。根据文章的第四段开头可知,大人们觉得作者继续 画画简直就是浪费时间。故选 B 项。 【答案】 B

3.The underlined word “disheartened” in Paragraph 4 could most probably be replaced by________. A.discouraged C.discriminated B dissatisfied D.disturbed

【解析】 词义猜测题。根据上下文和画线词后面的“the failure”可知,这两 幅画的失败打击了作者,故 dishearten 在此可理解为“使失去信心,使泄气”。 故 A 项。 【答案】 A

4.Which of the following statements is true?

A.The writer could have become a pilot if encouraged when young. B.The writer finally changed his opinion of grownups. C.The writer has been showing his two pictures to others ever since. D.The writer felt nobody could have really understood him. 【解析】 正误判断题。根据最后一段中“I would try to find out if this was a person of true understanding.But whoever it was, he or she would always say: That is a hat.”可知 D 项正确 。 【答案】 D


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