2014 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(广东卷) 英 I 语 (B 卷)
语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Parents f
eel that it is difficult to live with teenagers. Then again, teenagers have ___1___ feeling about their parents, saying that it is not easy living with them, According to a recent research, the most common ___2___ between parents and teenagers is that regarding untidiness and daily routine task. On the one hand, parents go mad over ___3___ rooms, clothes thrown on the floor and their children’s refusal to help with the ___4___. On the other hand, teenagers lose their patience continually when parents blame them for ___5___ the towel in the bathroom, not cleaning up their room or refusing to do the shopping at the supermarket. The research, conducted by St. George University, shows that different parents have different ___6___ to these problems. However, some approaches are more ___7___ than others. For example, those parents who yell at their children for their untidiness, but ___8___ clean the room for them, have fewer chances of changing their children’s ___9___. On the contrary, those who let teenagers experience the ___10___ of their actions can do better. For example, when teenagers who don’t help their parents with the shopping don’t find their favorite drink in the refrigerator, they are forced to __11____ their actions. Psychologists say that ___12___ is the most important thing in parent-child relationships. Parents should ___13___ to their children but at the same time they should lend an ear to what they have to say. Parents may ___14___ their children when they are untidy but they should also understand that their room is their own private space. Communication is a two-way process. It is only by listening to and ___15___ each other that problems between parents and children can be settled. 1. A. natural B. strong C. guilty D. similar 2. A. interest B. argument C. link D. knowledge 3. A. noisy B. crowded C. messy D. locked 4. A. homework B. housework C. problem D. research 5. A. washing B. using C. dropping D. replacing 6. A. approaches B. contributions C. introductions D. attitudes 7. A. complex B. popular C. scientific D. successful 8. A. later B. deliberately C. seldom D. thoroughly 9. A. behavior B. taste C. future D. nature 10. A. failures B. changes C. consequences D. thrills 11. A. defend B. delay C. repeat D. reconsider 12. A. communication B. bond C. friendship D. trust 13. A. reply B. attend C. attach D. talk 14. A. hate B. scold C. frighten D. stop
15. A. loving
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题; 每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卷标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。 Last year, my brother and I went to Miami for a vacation. Some of my friends who had been there before said ___16___ was a wonderful holiday destination. Before we went, we had planned for months. When the day came, we were ready. After our plane landed, we went to the hotel. We had made our reservation six months ___17___ (early), but the man at the front desk said there had been a mistake. We __18____ (tell) that our room hadn’t been reserved for that week, ___19___ for the week after. I didn’t understand ___20___ this would happen and my credit card had already been charged ___21___ the reservation. What’s worse, the hotel had been fully booked. When we were wondering what to do, the manager came out. She was ___22___ (surprise) helpful. She apologized for the mistake and gave us a spare VIP room on ___23___ top floor. We had never stayed in such an amazing room, and we weren’t charged extra. The next day, my brother and I went to the beach ___24___ we watched some people play volleyball. We got a little ___25___ (sunburn), but the day had been so relaxing that we didn’t mind.
II 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分）
第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A Samuel Osmond is a 19-year-old law student form Cornwall, England. He never studied the piano. However, he can play very difficult musical pieces by musicians such as Chopin and Beethoven just a few minutes after he hears them. He learns a piece of music by listening to it in parts. Then he thinks about the notes in his head. Two years ago, he played his first piece Moonlight Sonata (奏鸣曲) by Beethoven. He surprised everyone around him. Amazed that he remembered this long and difficult piece of music and played it perfectly, his teachers say Samuel is unbelievable. They say his ability is very rare, but Samuel doesn’t even realize that what he can do is special. Samuel wanted to become a lawyer as it was the wish of his parents, but music teachers told him he should study music instead. Now, he studies lay and music. Samuel can’t understand why everyone is so surprised. “I grew up with music. My mother played the piano and my father played the guitar. About years ago ,I suddenly decided to start playing the piano, without being able to read music and without having any lessons. It comes easily to me – I hear the notes and can bear them in mind –each and every note,” says Samuel. Recently, Samuel performed a piece during a special event at his college. The piece had more than a thousand notes. The audience was impressed by his amazing performance. He is now learning a piece that is so difficult that many professional pianists can’t play it. Samuel says confidently, “It’s all about super memory – I guess I have that gift.”
However, Samuel’s ability to remember things doesn’t stop with music. His family says that even when he was a young boy, Samuel heard someone read a story, and then he could retell the story word for word. Samuel is still only a teenager. He doesn’t know what he wants to do in the future. For now, he is just happy to play beautiful music and continue his studies. 26. What is special about Samuel Osmond? A. He has a gift for writing music. B. He can write down the not he hears. C. He is a top student at the law school. D. He can play the musical piece he hears. 27. What can we learn from Paragraph 2? A. Samuel chose law against the wish of his parents. B. Samuel planned to be a lawyer rather than a musician. C. Samuel thinks of himself as a man of great musical ability. D. Samuel studies law and music on the advice of his teachers. 28. Everyone around Samuel was surprised because he ___________ . A. received a good early education in music. B. played the guitar and the piano perfectly C. could play the piano without reading music D. could play the guitar better than his father 29. What can we infer about Samuel in Paragraph 4? A. He because famous during a special event at this college. B. He is proud of his ability to remember things accurately. C. He plays the piano better than many professional pianists. D. He impressed the audience by playing all the musical pieces. 30. Which of the following is the best title of this passage? A. The Qualities of a Musician B. The Story of a Musical Talent C. The Importance of Early Education D. The Relationship between Memory and Music. B It was a cold winter day. A woman drove up to the Rainbow Bridge tollbooth(收费站). “I’m for myself, and for the six cars behind me, “she said with a smile, handing over seven tickets. One after another, the next six drivers arriving at the tollbooth were informed, “Some lady up ahead already paid your fare.” It turned out that the woman, Natalie Smith, had read something on a friend’s refrigerator: “Practice random kindness and senseless acts of beauty.” The phrase impressed her so much that she copied it down. Judy Foreman spotted the same phrase on a warehouse wall far away from home. When it stayed on her mind for days, she gave up and drove all the way back to copy it down. “I thought it was beautiful,” she said, explaining why she’d taken to writing it at the bottom of all her letters, “like a message from above.” Her husband, Frank, liked the phrase so much that he put it up on the classroom wall for his students, one of whom was the daughter of Alice Johnson, a local news
reporter. Alice put it in the newspaper, admitting that though she liked it , she didn’t know where it came from or what it really meant. Two days later, Alice got a call from Anne Herbert, a woman living in Marin. It was in a restaurant that Anne wrote the phrase down on a piece of paper, after turning it around in her mind for days. “Here’s the idea.” Anne says, “ Anything you think there should be more of , do it randomly “ Her fantasies include painting the classrooms of shabby schools, leaving hot meals on kitchen tables in the poor part of town, and giving money secretly to a proud old lady. Anne says, “Kindness can build on itself as much as violence can.” The acts of random kindness spread. If you were of those drivers who found your fare paid, who knows what you might have been inspired to do for someone else later. Like all great event, kindness begins slowly, with every single act. Let it be yours! 31. Why did Natalie Smith pay for the six cars behind her? A. She knew the car drivers well. B She wanted to show kindness. C. She hoped to please others. D. She had seven tickets. 32. Judy Foreman copied down the phrase because she ___________. A. thought it was beautifully written B, wanted to know what it really meant C. decided to write it on a warehouse wall D. wanted her husband to put it up in the classroom 33. Who came up with the phrase according to the passage? A. Judy Foreman. B. Natalie Smith. C. Alice Johnson. D. Anne Herbert. 34. Which of the following statements is closet in meaning to the underlined sentence above? A. Kindness and violence can change the world. B. Kindness and violence can affect one’s behavior. C. Kindness and violence can reproduce themselves. D. Kindness and violence can shape one’s character. 35. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A .People should practice random kindness to those in need. B. People who receive kindness are likely to offer it to others. c. People should practice random kindness to strangers they meet. D. People who receive kindness are likely to pay it back to the giver. C Like many new graduates, I left university full of hope for the future but with no real idea of what I wanted to do. My degree, with honors, in English literature had not really prepared me for anything practical. I knew I wanted to make a difference in the world somehow, but I had no idea how to do that. That’s when I learned about the Lighthouse Project. I started my journey as a Lighthouse Project volunteer by reading as much as I could about
the experiences of previous volunteers. I knew it would be a lot of hard work, and that I would be away from my family and friends for a very long time. In short, I did not take my decision to apply for the Lighthouse Project lightly. Neither did my family. Eventually, however, I won the support of my family, and I sent in all the paperwork needed for application. After countless interviews and presentations, I managed to stand out among the candidates and survive the test alone. Several months later, I finally received a call asking me to report for duty. I would be going to a small village near Abuja, Nigeria. Where? What? Nigeria? I had no idea. But I was about to find out. After completing my training, I was sent to the village that was small and desperately in need of proper accommodation. Though the local villagers were poor, they offered their homes, hearts and food as if I were their own family. I was asked to lead a small team of local people in building a new schoolhouse. For the next year or so, I taught in that same schoolhouse. But I sometimes think I learned more from my students than they did from me. Sometime during that period, I realized that all those things that had seemed so strange or unusual to me no longer did, though I did not get anywhere with the local language, and I returned to the United States a different man. The Lighthouse Project had changed my life forever. 36. What do we know about the author? A. His university education focused on theoretical knowledge. B. His dream at university was to become a volunteer. C. He took pride in having contributed to the world. D. He felt honored to study English literature. 37. According to Paragraph 2, it is most likely that the author ________ . A. discussed his decision with his family B. asked previous volunteers about voluntary work C. attended special training to perform difficult tasks D. felt sad about having to leave his family and friends 38. In his application for the volunteer job, the author ________ . A. participated in many discussions B. went through challenging survival tests C. wrote quite a few papers on voluntary work D. faced strong competition from other candidates 39. On arrival at the village, the author was ________ . A. asked to lead a farming team B. sent to teach in a schoolhouse C. received warmly by local villagers D. arranged to live in a separate house 40. What can we infer from the author ’s experiences in Nigeria? A. He found some difficulty adapting to the local culture. B. He had learned to communicate in the local language. C. He had overcome all his weaknesses before he left for home. D. He was chosen as the most respectable teacher by his students. D Scientists today are making greater effort to study ocean currents (洋流). Most do it using
satellites and other high-tech equipment. However, ocean expert Curtis Ebbesmeyer does it in a special way – by studying movements of random floating garbage. A scientist with many year ’s experience, he started this type of research in the early 1990s when he heard about hundreds of athletic shoes washing up on the shores of the northwest coast of the United States. There were so many shoes that people were setting up swap meets to try and match left and right shoes to sell or wear. Ebbesmeyer found out in his researches that the shoes – about 60, 00 in total – fell into the ocean in a shipping accident. He phoned the shoe company and asked if they wanted the shoes back. As expected, the company told him that they didn’t. Ebbesmeyer realized this could be a great experiment. If he learned when and where the shoes went into the water and tracked where they landed, he could learn a lot about the patterns of ocean currents. The Pacific Northwest is one of the world’s best areas for beachcombing (海滩搜寻) because winds and currents join here, and as a result, there is a group of serious beachcombers in the area. Ebbesmeyer got to know a lot of them and asked for their help in collecting information about where the shoes landed. In a year he collected reliable information on 1,600 shoes. With this data, he and a colleague were able to test and improve a computer program designed to model ocean currents, and publish the finding of their study. As the result of his work, Ebbesmeyer has become known as the scientist to call with questions about any unusual objects found floating in the ocean. He has even started an association of beachcombers and ocean experts, with 500 subscribers from West Africa to New Zealand. They have recorded all lost objects ranging from potatoes to golf gloves. 41. The underlined phrase swap meets in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ________ . A. fitting rooms B. trading fairs C. business talks D. group meetings 42. Ebbesmeyer phoned the shoe company to find out ________ . A. what caused the shipping accident B. when and where the shoes went missing C. whether it was all right to use their shoes D. how much they lost in the shipping accident 43. How did Ebbesmeyer prove his assumption? A. By collecting information from beachcombers. B. By studying the shoes found by beachcombers. C. By searching the web for ocean currents models. D. By researching ocean currents data in the library. 44. Ebbesmeyer is most famous for ________ . A. traveling widely the coastal cities of the world B. making records for any lost objects on the sea C. running a global currents research association D. phoning about any doubtful objects on the sea 45. What is the purpose of the author in writing this passage? A. To call people’s attention to ocean pollution. B. To warn people of shipping safety in the ocean.
C. To explain a unique way of studying ocean currents. D. To give tips on how to search for lost objects on the beach. 第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。请将答案填涂在答题卡标号为 46~50 的相应位置上。 首先请阅读某大学提供给学生的项目信息： A. In-Company Experience Challenging posts in industry for gap year students. Use your academic and interpersonal skills to improve a product or service provided by a top name company — and get paid for it! B. Camp World Work in camps for young people in one or more of the five continents. You help organize sports activities and other outdoor pursuits and you could end up with a qualification as an instructor. C. Community Care Volunteer work at home and abroad with the physically and mentally handicapped, the homeless, the elderly and orphans. You will need to be committed, patient, and sensitive to others. D. Academic Study Year Spend a whole year studying at a foreign university in Europe, the USA or even further afield, without the pressure of exams. Accommodation with local families. Grants available. E. Conservation International Conservation and research work with teams of volunteers on nature reserves in South America and Africa. Projects include monitoring wildlife, path building and water and soil conservation. F. Language Teachers Abroad Teach your own language or English in almost any country in the world. Class sizes vary from one to one hundred and resources can be basic, but your students will welcome you with open arms. 请根据以下五位学生的自述信息，选择适合他们的项目： 46. I grow up in a very big family. My parents have raised twelve kids and I am their first-born. It has been my duty to help my mom take care of my brothers and sisters. To handle them, often I have to organize an outdoor activity, like a softball game. I must say that I have the potential to work as an instructor. 47. Last year, my dog got crippled after losing the fight to my neighbor ’s bulldog. I rinsed its wound with some lotion and tied its leg with a stick. I had him take medicine every day for a full month. Finally he recovered. I think I can help the elderly and the disabled as well. I feel so good when I can offer help. 48. I am a film buff. A big fan of Antonio Banderas. He is so wild and charming. Because of him, I fell in love with Spain. The Latin dance and the bullfight are really exciting. Oh, if only I could stay in Spain as an exchange student! I would be learning Spanish so well that I can watch a Spanish film without dubbing. 49. I had the experience of working as a social worker in Switzerland last summer. I love the country and its people. There are great mountains for climbers and the local people are so nice to strangers. I helped the kids with their English. My teaching skills improved greatly during my stay. Now I’m well prepared to work as a language instructor. 50. I spent my gap year traveling all over Africa last year. It was definitely an eye-opening experience. The exotic clothes and tribal dances of the people really fascinated me. But I was most amazed by the wildlife there. I really took great pleasure in watching those animals
hunting their prey. You know, I specialize in zoology, and I’m a good observer.
III 写作（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 你接受了一项写作任务，要为当地英语晚报写一篇报道。 【写作内容】 请根据以下信息写一篇英文报道，内容包括： 人物：英国人理查德·阿维斯 (Richard Avis) 出生日期：1974 年 12 月 1 日 事件：2011 年开始在世界各地寻找同年同月同日出生的人 目的：理解不同文化中成功人生的含义 相关信息： ? 借助当地媒体寻找 ? 迄今找到 32 名，其中男性 17 名，女性 15 名，来自 13 个国家 ? 职业包括政府官员、运动员、司机、教师、艺术家等 ? 计划 40 岁生日前找到 40 位同年同月同日出生的人 *同年同月同日出生的人：time twin 【写作要求】 1、只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容； 2、作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； 3、信的开头和结尾已经给出，不计算在 5 个句子中。 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题，满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Oseola McCarty spent more than 75 years washing and ironing other people’s clothes. As a laundrywoman, she was paid only a few dollars each time. Certainly nobody would consider her rich, so they were all amazed when Miss McCarty decided to donate $150,000 to the University of Southern Mississippi. The money was in fact her life savings. She could save such a large amount of money because she lived a very simple life. She never learned to drive, and when she wanted to go somewhere, she just walked. She never flew to anywhere till the donation (捐助), and in 50 years she had been out of the South only once. The house in which she lived was also a rather modest one her uncle left her. Only after she became known in America did she begin to travel all over the country. Since then, she had been the subject of many interviews and articles and was even invited to the White House. Her donation was for students who clearly needed financial help. She herself left school in the sixth grade and had never married or had children. She said to the reporters that the idea of helping somebody’s child go to college gave her much pleasure. 【写作内容】 1、以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 2. 用约 120 个词就 Miss McCarty 的捐助谈谈你点想法，内容包括： （1）你如何看待她的捐助行为； （2）你认为她的捐助对受惠学生有哪些影响； （3）如果你自己要捐助，你会选择哪个群体并陈述理由。 【写作要求】 1、作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接 引用原文中的句子。
2、作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
2014 广东高考英语 B 卷答案和解析：
1. D 考查形容词的用法。从 it is difficult to live with teenagers 以及后文 it is not easy living with them 两句话可以推断文章主题是讨论父母和孩子住一起都相 互认为和对方相处不易，因此是有相似的感觉 similar feelings 2. B 考查名词的用法从前文所讲父母与孩子相处不易，以及后文内容 On the one hand……On the other hand……去总结，可以大致得知父母和孩子有一定 的矛盾和常见的争论，因为选 argument，interest 兴趣，link 联系，knowledge 知识与上下文内容不符 3. C 考查形容词用法从谓语部分 go mad over 和所修饰的 rooms 以及 clothes thrown on the floor 来推断父母肯定是因为孩子房间很脏乱，衣服乱扔一地等 事情而感到烦恼，因此选 messy，也与后面的 untidiness 以及 cleaning up their room 相呼应 4. B 考查名词的用法从前文所阐述孩子房间脏乱相对应的应该是家里的生活， 因此这里是讲孩子拒绝帮助做家务，也与后文 cleaning up their room or refusing to do the shopping at the supermarket 相呼应 5. C 考查动词 V-ing 形式的用法根据 blame them 和 doing 形式后面所带的宾语 the towel in the bathroom 来判断，washing the towel 洗毛巾，using the towel 使用毛巾， replacing the towel 替换毛巾都不至于被责备， 选择 dropping 是表 示乱扔的意思 6. A 考查名词的用法根据 approach to the problem (……的方法)的搭配和后文呼 应的 some approaches 来判断 7. D 考查形容词的用法从后文的 have fewer chances……On the contrary, those who let teenagers experience the of their actions can do better 来推断，这里是 讨论有些解决问题的方法会更有效更成功，而不是更复杂，更受欢迎，更科 技化，选 successful 8. A 考查副词的用法从句中 yell at their children for their untidiness, but 8 clean the room for them 的 yell at ，but 和 for them 等词语来判断，这句是在 说父母会大声批评了孩子但是又为他们打扫了房间，说明是先批评后帮忙打 扫，没让孩子自己承担后果的意思，选 later 体现先后顺序和先后态度的鲜明 对比，deliberately 故意地 seldom 很少 thoroughly 彻底地，无法体现 but 的 转折与对比 9. A 考查名词的用法从这句中 have fewer chances of changing their children’s 9 .大致推断这种方法很难有机会改变孩子的习惯，这里的 behavior 与后文 的 their actions 相呼应，其他名词没有任何相关性 10. C 考查名词的用法从这句中 let teenagers experience the 10 of their actions 大致意思是让青少年去经历到自己行为的不良后果，这样孩子们更容易改变 自己行为，结合后面的例子 consequences 后果、影响更符合语境，failures 失 败，changes 改变，thrills 兴奋、刺激与上下文语境不符 11. D 考查动词的用法 when teenagers who don’t help their parents with the shopping don’t find their favorite drink in the refrigerator，从这句可知当孩子们
不愿意帮忙去超市买东西，而在冰箱找不到自己想要的饮料，他们会为此想 到自己的行为不妥而去重新思考，去改变自己的行为，用 reconsider 表示重 新反思自己的行为，defend 防卫 delay 延迟 repeat 重复，都与句子意思不符 12. A 考查名词的用法从后文 Communication is a two-way process 来呼应前文， bond 联系，情感纽带，friendship 友谊，trust 信任，后文没有提到 13. D 考查动词的用法从句子意思父母应该和孩子交谈 talk to 的搭配，以及 but at the same time they should lend an ear to what they have to say 父母也应该倾 听孩子们的诉说来推断 14. B 考查动词的用法从句子 Parents may their children when they are untidy but they should also understand that their room is their own private space 以及前文 parents go mad over messy rooms 来判断当房间很乱，父母会责骂孩子 15.C 考查动词 V-ing 形式的用法从前文 hey should also understand that their room is their own private space 这句，Communication is a two-way process. 和句子 It is only by listening to and each other that problems between parents and children can be settled 来推断是答案是相互理解， understanding each other 与前文的 understand 和 communication 可呼应
16. it 考察代词，横线后为宾语从句，缺主语，代指上文提到的“Miami”，用 it 来指代。 17. earlier 考察词形转换，提示词为形容词，在该句中充当状语，表示：早些时候。 18. were told 考察时态和语态。括号提示词为动词，在句中充当谓语动词，“我们”被“the man at the front desk”告知，判断为被动；整件事情发生在“last year”，一般过去时态。 19. nor 考察连词。该句为省略句，省略掉相同的“our room hadn’t been reserved”，表示下周也没有 空房，故而用 nor。 20. why 考察连词。引导宾语从句，我无法明白为什么会发生这样（的事情） 。 21. for 考察介词。Charge sbtime forsth, 因某事向某人收取金钱。 22. surprisingly 考察词性转换。用 surprise 变词性为副词，才能修饰形容词 helpful。令人感到惊讶地。 23. the 考察冠词用法。酒店独一无二的顶楼，用定冠词。 24. where 考察连词。横线前后位完整句子，中间用连词连接，后句修饰前面句子，用关系副词，来引 到定语从句。 25. sunburnt 考察非谓语。Get done 的结构，用 sunburn 的过去分词形式。
阅读理解 26-30 DDCAB 31-35 BADCB 36－40 AADCC 46-50 BCDFE
2014 年基础写作题材仍是报道性的应用文，主题选自国外新闻，和 2013 年火志 愿者， 2012 年澳大利亚老年学位狂人， 2011 年虎妈战歌等相似， 贴近现实生活。 今年题目呈现信息量大的特点， 对考生信息组织能力要求很高（信息组织能力包 括信息归类、信息排列和信息表达），要求考生能够娴熟运用各类从句和非谓语 等.想要文章出彩还得考高级词汇和从句非谓语等复杂结构两大法宝。 In order to figure out what success means in different cultures, Richard Avis, (who wa s) born on September 1st 1974, has hunted /arched for his time twin throughout the w orld since 2011.Taking advantage of local media, he has found 32 time twins from 13 countries, among whom there are 17men and 15women, including government officia ls , professional players, drivers, teachers, artists and so on . He intends to find 40time twins before his 40th birthday and write a book according to this special experience.