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2010年高考试题——英语(全国卷1)解析版


2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上,录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转 涂到答题卡上。 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听完每

段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题的 阅读下一小题,每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A £19.15 B £9.15 C £9.18 答案是 B 1、What will Dorothy do on the weekend? A Go out with her friend B work on her paper C Make some plans 2、What was the normal price of the T-shirt? A $15 B $30 C $50 3、What has the woman decided to do on Sunday afternoon? A To attend a wedding B To visit an exhibition C To meet a friend 4、When does the bank close on Saturday? A AT 1:00 pm B AT 3:00 pm C AT 4:00 pm 5、where are the speakers? A In a store B In a classroom C At a hotel 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话和独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A B C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话和独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 分钟;听完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话和独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6 What do we know about Nora? A She prefers a room of own B She likes to work with other girls
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C She lives near the city center 7、What is good about the flat? A It has a large sitting room B It has good furniture C It has a big kitchen 听第七段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8.where has Barbara been? A. Milan. B. Florence. C. Rome. 9 .What has Barbara got in her suitcase? A . Shoes. B. Stones. C. Books. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Who is making the telephone call? A. Thomas Brothers. B. Mike Landon. C. Jack Cooper. 11. What relation is the woman to Mr. Cooper? A. His wife. B. His boss. C . His secretary. 12. What is the message about? A. A meeting. B. A visit to France C. The date for a trip. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Who could the man speaker most probably be? A. A person who saw the accident. B. The driver of the lorry. C. A police officer. 14 . What was Mrs. Franks doing when the accident took place? A. Walking along Churchill Avenue. B. Getting ready to cross the road. C. Standing outside a bank. 15. When did the accident happen? A. At about 8:00 am. B. At about 9:00 am. C. At about 10:00 am. 16. How did the accident happen? A.A lorry hit a car. B.A car ran into a lorry.
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C.A bank clerk rushed into the street. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the talk mainly about? A. The history of the school. B. The courses for the term. C. The plan for the day. 18. Where can the visitors learn about the subjects for new student? A. In the school hall. B. In the science labs. C. In the classrooms. 19.What can students do in the practical areas? A. Take science courses? B. Enjoy excellent meals. C. Attend workshops. 20. When are the visitors expected to ask question? A. During the lunch hour. B. After the welcome speech. C. Before the tour of labs. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A.B.C.D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 例:We ______ last night ,but we went to the concert instead. A. must have studied B. might study C. should have studied D. would study 答案是 C 21. —Have you finished reading Jane Eyre? —No , I ______ my homework all day yesterday. A. was doing B. would do C. has done D. do 22. The workers ______ the glasses and marked on each box ― This Side Up‖ A. carried B. delivered C. pressed D. packed 23. I’ll spend half of my holiday practicing English and _______ half learning drawing. A. another B. the other C. other’s D. other 24. As a child , Jack studied in a village school ,_____ is named after his grandfather. A. which B. where C. what D. that 25. Mary made coffee ________ her guests were finishing their meal . A. so that B. although C. while D. as if 26. I have seldom seen my mother _______ pleased with my progress as she is now . A. so B. very C. too D. rather 27.Mrs.White showed her students some old maps ______ from the library. A. to borrow B. to be borrowed C. borrowed D. borrowing 28.When you are home , give a call to let me know you ______ safely. A. are arriving B. have arrived C. had arrived D. will arrive 29.Just be patient .You ______ expect the world to change so soon .
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A. can’t B. needn’t C. may not D. whether 30.The little boy won’t go to sleep ______ his mother tells him a story. A. or B. unless C. but D. whether 31. —Everybody is going to climb the mountain . Can I go too , mom ? — ______ Wait till you are old enough ,dear. A. Will you B. Why not ? C. I hope so . D. I’m afraid not. 32.The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune ______. A. is made B. would make C. was to be made D. had made 33. We haven’t discussed yet ______ we are going to place our new furniture. A. that B. which C. what D. where 34. With Father’s Day around the corner ,I have taken some money out of the bank ______ presents for my dad. A. buy B. to buy C. buying D. to have bought 35. Was he sorry for what he’d done ? A. No wonder B. Well done C. Not really D. Go ahead 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入的空 白处的最佳选项,并从答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 It was a busy morning, about 8:30, when an elderly gentleman in his 80s came to the hospital. I heard him saying to the nurse that he was in a hurry for appointment (约会)at 9:30. The nurse had him take a 36 in the waiting area, 37 him it would be at least 40 minutes 38 someone would be able to see him .I saw him 39 his watch and decided, since I was 40 buy-my patient didn’t 41 at the appointed hour ,I would examine his wound, While taking care of his wound ,I asked him if he had another doctor’s appointment. The gentleman said no and told me that he 42 to go to the nursing home on eat breakfast with his 43 .He told me that she had been 44 for a while and that she had a special disease, I asked if she would be 45 if he was a bit late. He replied that she 46 knew who he was ,that she had not been able to 47 him for five years now. I was 48 and asked him,‖ And you 49 go every morning, even though she doesn’t know who you are?‖ He smiled and said .‖She doesn’t know me, but I know who she is‖ I had to hold back 50 as he left. Now I 51 that in marriages, true love is 52 of all that, The happiest people don’t 53 have the best of everything; they just 54 the best of everything they have .55 isn’t about how to live through the storm, but how to dance in the rain. 36.A.breath B. test C. seat D. break 37.A.persuading B. promising C. understanding D. telling 38. A. if B. before C. since D. after 39. A. taking off B. fixing C. looking at D. winding 40. A. very B. also C. seldom D. not 41. A. turn up B. show off C. come on D. go away 42. A. needed B. forgot C . agreed D. happened 43. A. daughter B. wife C. mother D. sister 44. A late B. well C. around D. there
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45. A. lonely 46. A. so far 47. A. recognize 48.A. moved 49.A. only 50.A. curiosity 51. A. realize 52. A. agreement 53. A. necessarily 54. A. learn 55. A. Adventure OPENING TIMES: 20 Mar to 19 Oct Mon to Sat: 9:00am to 5:00pm Sun:9:30am to 5:00pm 20 Oct to 19Mar Mon to Sat:9:30am to 4:00pm Sun:10:00am to 4:00pm

B. worried B. neither B. answer

C. doubtful C. no longer C. believe

D. hungry D. already D. expect

B. disappointed C. surprised D .satisfied B. then C. thus D. still B. tears C. words D. judgment B. suggest C. hope D. prove B. expression C. acceptance D. exhibition B. completely C. naturally D. frequently B. make C. favor D. try B. Beauty C. Trust D .Life 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Shakespeare's Birthplace and Exhibition of Shakespeare's World Welcome to the world-famous house where William Shakespeare was born in 1564 and where he grew up. The property(房产)remained in the ownership of Shakespeare’s family until 1806.The House has welcomed visitors traveling from all over the word ,for over 250 years.

◆ Enter though the Visitors’ Centre and see the highly-praised exhibition Shakespeare’s World, a lively and full introduction to the life and work of Shakespeare. ◆ Stand in the rooms-where Shakespeare grew up. ◆ Discover examples of furniture and needlework from Shakespeare’s period. ◆ Enjoy the traditional(传统的)English garden, planted with trees and flowers mentioned in the poet’s works. p The Birthplace is within easy walking distance of all the car parks shown on the ○ map; nearest is Windsor Street(3 minutes’ walk). The House may present difficulties but the Visitors’ Centre, its exhibition, and the garden are accessible(可进入的)to wheelchair user. The Shakespeare Coffee House (opposite the Birthplace).

ADMISSION: Adult £4.90 Child £2.20 Family £12.0 (2 adults +up children)

to

3

56. How much is the admission for a family of two grown-ups and two children? A. $9.80 B.$12.00 C.$14.20 D.$16.40 57. Where is the nearest parking place to Shakespeare’s Birthplace? A. Behind the exhibition hall. B. Opposite the Visitors’ Centre. C. At Windsor street. D. Near the Coffee House. 58. A wheelchair user may need help to enter . A . the House B the garden C the Visitor’s Centre D. the exhibition hall
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B EDGEWOOD—Every morning at Dixie Heights High school, customers pour into a special experiment :the district’s first coffee shop run mostly by students with special learning needs. Well before classes start, students and teachers order Lattes, Cappuccinos and Hot Chocolates. Then, during the first period, teachers call in orders on their room phones, and students make deliveries. By closing time at 9.20 a.m. , the shop usually sells 90drinks. ―whoever made the chi tea, Ms. Schatzman says it was good, ‖Christy McKinley , a second year student , announced recently, after hanging up with the teacher. The shop is called the Dixie PIT, which stands for Power in Transition. Although some of the students are not disabled, many are, and the PIT helps them prepare for life after high school. They learn not only how to run a coffee shop but also how to deal with their affairs. They keep a timecard and receive paychecks , which they keep in check registers. Special-education teachers Kim Chevalier and Sue Casey introduced the Dixie PIT from a similar program at Kennesaw Mountain High School in Georgia. Not that it was easy. Chevalier’s first problem to overcome was product-related. Should schools be selling coffee? What about sugar content? Kenton County Food Service Director Ginger Gray helped. She made sure all the drinks, which use non-fat milk, fell within nutrition(营养)guidelines. The whole school has joined in to help. Teachers agreed to give up their lounge(休息室)in the morning. Art students painted the name of the shop on the wall. Business students designed the paychecks. The basketball team helped pay for cups. 59.What is the text mainly about? A.A best-selling coffee. B.A special educational program. C. Government support for schools. D.A new type of teacher-student relationship. 60.The Dixie PIT program was introduced in order to . A. raise money for school affairs B. do some research on nutrition C. develop students’ practical skills D. supply teachers with drinks 61.How did Christy McKinley know Ms. Schatzman’s opinion of the chi tea? A. She met her in the shop. B. She heard her telling others. C. She talked to her on the phone. D .She went to her office to deliver the tea. 62.We know from the text that Ginger Gray . A. manages the Dixie PIT program in Kenton County B. sees that the drinks meet health standards C. teaches at Dixie Heights High School D. owns the school’s coffee shop
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C Along the river banks of the Amazon and the Orinoco there lives a bird that swims before it can fly, flies like a fat chicken, eats green leaves, has the stomach of a cow and has claws(爪)on its wings when young .They build their homes about 4.6m above the river ,an important feature(特 征)for the safety of the young. It is called the hoatzin. In appearance,the birds of both sexes look very much alike with brown on the back and cream and red on the underside .The head is small, with a large set of feathers on the top, bright red eyes, and blue skin. Its nearest relatives are the common birds, cuckoos. Its most striking feature ,though, is only found in the young. Baby hoatzins have a claw on the leading edge of each wing and another at the end of each wing tip .Using these four claws ,together with the beak(喙),they can climb about in the bushes, looking very much like primitive birds must have done. When the young hoatzins have learned to fly ,they lose their claws. During the drier months between December and March hoatzins fly about the forest in groups of 20 to 30 birds, but in April, when the rainy season begins, they collect together in smaller living units of two to seven birds for producing purposes. 63.What is the text mainly about? A.Hoatzins in dry and rainy seasons. B.The relatives and enemies of hoatzins. C.Primitive birds and hoatzins of the Amazon. D.The appearance and living habits of hoatzins. 64.Young hoatzins are different from their parents in that . A.they look like young cuckoos B.they have claws on the wings C.they eat a lot like a cow D.they live on river banks 65.What can we infer about primitive birds from the text? A.They had claws to help them climb. B.They could fly long distances. C.They had four wings like hoatzins. D.They had a head with long feathers on the top. 66.Why do hoatzins collect together in smaller groups when the rainy season comes? A.To find more food. B.To protect themselves better. C.To keep themselves warm. D.To produce their young. D Science can't explain the power of pets, but many studies have shown that the company of pets can help lower blood pressure (血压) and raise chances of recovering from a heart attack, reduce loneliness and spread all-round good cheer. Any owner will tall you how much joy a pet brings. For some, an animal provides more comfort than a husband/wife. A 2002 study by Karen Allen of the State University of New York measured stress (紧张) levels and blood pressure in people - half of them pet owners –while they
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performed 5 minutes of mental arithmetic (算术) or held a hand in ice water. Subjects completed the tasks alone, with a husband/wife, a close friend or with a pet. People with pets did It best .Those tested with their animal friends had smaller change in blood pressure and returned Most quickly to baseline heart rates .With pets in the room ,people also made fewer math mistakes Than when doing in front of other companions. It seems people feel more released (放松)around Pets, says Allen, who thinks it may be because pets don’t judge. A study reported last fall suggests that having a pet dog not only raises your spirits but may also have an effect on your eating habits. Researchers at Northwesterm Memorial Hospital spent a Year studying 36 fat people and were put on a diet-and-exercise programs; a separate group of 56 fat people without pets were put on a diet program. On average,people lost about 11 pounds, Or 5% of their body weight .Their dogs did even better,losing an average of 12 pounds,more then 15%of their body weight .Dog owners didn’t lose any more weight than those without dogs but ,say Researchers,got more exercise overall –mostly with their dogs –and found it worth doing. 67.What does the text mainly discuss? A.What pets bring to their owners B.How pets help people calm down C.people’s opinions of keeping pets D.Pet’s value in medical research 68.We learn from the text that a person with heart disease has a better chance of getting well if ____________ A.he has a pet companion B.he has less stress of work C.he often dose mental arithmetic D.he is taken care of by his family 69.According to Allen, why did the people do better with pets around when facing stressful tasks? A.They have lower blood pressure. B.They become more patient. C.They are less nervous. D.They are in higher spirits. 70.The research mentioned in the last paragraph reports that A.people with dogs did more exercise B.dogs lost the same weight as people did C.dogs liked exercise much more than people did D.people without dogs found the program unhelpful E There were smiling children all the way. Charily they knew at what time the train passed their homes and they made it their business to stand along the railway, wave to complete strangers and cheer them up as they rushed towards Penang. Often whole families stood outside their homes and waved and smiled as if those on the trains were their favorite relatives. This is the simple village people of Malaysia. I was moved. I had always traveled to Malaysia by plane or car, so this was the first time I was on a train. I did not particularly relish the long train journey and had brought along a dozen magazines to read and reread. I looked about the train. There was not one familiar face. I sighed and sat down to read
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my Economics. It was not long before the train was across the Causeway and in Malaysia. Johore Baru was just another city like Singapore, so I was tired of looking at the crowds of people as they hurried past. As we went beyond the city, I watched the straight rows of rubber trees and miles and miles of green. Then the first village came into sight, Immediately I came alive; I decided to wave hack. From then on my journey became interesting. I threw my magazines into the waste basket and decided to join in Malaysian life. Then everything came alive. The mountains seemed to speak to me. Even the trees were smiling. I stared at everything as if I was looking at it for the first time. The day passed fast and I even forgot to have my lunch until I felt hungry. I looked at my watch and was surprised that it was 3:00 pm. Soon the train pulled up at Butterworth. I looked at the people all around me. They all looked beautiful. When my uncle arrived with a smile, I threw my arms around him to give him a warm hug (拥抱). I had never done this before. He seemed surprised and then his weather-beaten face warmed up with a huge smile. We walked arm in arm to his car. I looked forward to the return journey. 71. The author expected the train trip to be A. adventurous B. pleasant C. exciting D. dull 72.What did the author remember most fondly of her train trip? A. The friendly country people. B. The mountains along the way. C. The crowds of people in the streets. D. The simple lunch served on the train. 73.Which of the following words can best take the place of the word―relish‖in the second paragraph? A. choose B. enjoy C. prepare for D. carry on 74.Where was the writer going? A. Johore Baru. B. The Causeway. C. Butterworth. D. Singapore. 75.What can we learn from the story? A. Comfort in traveling by train. B. Pleasure of living in the country. C. Reading gives people delight. D. Smiles brighten people up.

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绝密★ 启用前 2010 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试 英语 第二卷 注意事项: 1 答题前,考生先在答题卡上用直径 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔将自己的姓名、准考 证号填写清楚,然后贴好条形码。请认真核准条形码上的准考证号、姓名和科目; 2 第二卷共 2 页,请用直径 0.5 毫米黑色墨水签字笔在答题卡上各题的答题区域 内作答,在试题卷上作答无效 。 ........ 第四部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 l0 小题;每小题 l 分,满分 l0 分) (注意:在试题卷上作答无效 ) ......... 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在该 行右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线 划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。 It was a chance of a lifetime to win the first 76_______ ____ prize on the Story Writing Show. All I had to do 77_______ ____ was to write a story or present it. My teachers 78_______ ____ have been telling me how great my writing was. 79___ ____ So if they had said was true, I would have a chance 80____ ___ of winning the prize . What were better , I had useful 81. help . There was Uncle Chen , gentleman living 82. near my house , who was a very much famous writer 83 He agreed to reading my story and give me some 84 advices on how to write like a real writer 85 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) (注意:在试题卷上作答无效) 假设你是育才中学学生会主席李华,你校将举办一次英语演讲比赛(speech contest),希 望附近某大学的外籍教师 Smith 女士来做评委,请参照以下比赛通知给她写一份信,

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英语演讲比赛 主题:人与自然 时间:6 月 15 日下午 2:00—5:00 地点:501 教室 参赛选手:10 名学生 联系人:李华(电话 4487665) 欢迎大家光临

www.gkxx.com

注意:词数 100 左右。 **************************************************************************** Dear Ms .Smith,

With best wishes Li Hua

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2010 年高考英语(全国 I 卷)单项填空题分析 21 题 答案 A 句意:—你读完了 Jane Eyre 吗? —没有,我昨天一直做作业。 解答:根据选项此题考察时态,此题可以根据句意解答,也可以使用排除法。 句意为 :你读完了 Jane Eyre 吗?没有,我昨天一直做作业。表示一段时间内持 续进行且未完成的动作使用进行时,因此选择 A。另外可以使用排除法,题干中有 all day yesterday 时间提示为过去,应该选择与过去相关的时态,排除 D。B 为 过去将来时不符合题意,C 过去完成时是过去的过去,使用过去完成时题目中需要 有一般过去时,题干中没有一般过去时因此也排除。

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28 题 答案:B 句意:当你到家的时候,打电话给我让我知道你已经到家了。 解答:根据选项此题考察时态。此题可以根据句意也可以使用排除法。 句意为“当你到家的时候,打电话给我让我知道你已经到家了”B 选项使用现在完 成时表示将来完成,译为“已经??”。同时也可以使用排除法,arrive 既可以 使用现在进行时表示将来也可以用 will+do 表示将来,因此 A 和 D 同时排除,C 为 过去完成时,使用过去完成时时句中一定要有一般过去时,过去完成时是过去的 过去,因此 C 也排除,选择 B。

29 题 答案:A 句意:耐心一点儿,你不能期望世界变化如此快。 解答:通过选项此题考察情态动词,can’t 在否定句中可以表示推测, 译为不可能,,可以表示能力,译为不能够,也可以表示命令,不允许,但是语 气比 mustn’t 弱,具有劝慰的意思,根据句意此题中选择 A,can’t 表示劝慰。

30 题
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答案:B 句意:个小男孩儿不会睡觉除非他的妈妈给他讲故事。 解答:根据选项此题考察连词的用法。Or 译为“或者”表示选择,unless 译为“除非”表示条件,but 译为“但是”表示转折,whether 译为“是否”,根 据句意选择 A

解答:根据选项此题考察非谓语动词。题干中空格划在名词后,但是空 格后的部分不是对 bank 解释说明,而是说明取钱的目的,因此此题中非谓语动词 做目的状语,非谓语动词中不定式做状语用来表示目的,因此选择 B。

35 题 答案:C 句意:—他为他所做的事情道歉了吗? —事实上没有。 解答:此题考察情景交际。no wonder“不足为奇”,well done 译为“做 得好”,not really 译为“事实上没有”,”Go ahead”译为“做吧”。根据句意 选择 C。
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39 A. taking off B. fixing C. looking at D. winding 40.A. very B. also C. seldom D. not 41 A. turn up B. show off C. come on D. go away 42 A. needed B. forgot C. agreed D. happened 43 A. daughter B. wife C. mother D. sister 44 A. late B. well C. around D. there 45 A. lonely B. worried C. doubtful D. hungry 46 A. so far B. neither C. no longer D. already
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47 A. recognize B. answer C. believe D. expect

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45.B worried 解析:08 北京出现过,负面态度,充分证明了我的 worried 和 anxious 是同 义词的说法,anxious 在表意的时候有一层“因等待而焦虑”的意思,在这里抓 住了“等待”这一点,就可以排除其他几个负态度的词。 46.C no longer 解析:有一点点需要结合后文,比较容易,49 空那句话给出了很好的对应。 neither 这个选项强调过,表示否定 2 者。 47.A recognize 解析:之前见过,现在认不出来,全国卷北京卷都常考的 recognize 再次出 现,证明了这个单词很重要。

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2010 年高考英语作文分析(全国 I 卷)

今年全国卷 I 的书面表达部分仍旧是雷打不动的应用文写作,不过和 2009 年 不同的是,09 年是留言条,因此在语气上可以比较轻松。可是,今年的书面表达 是邀请信,所以,学生在写作的时候要注意语气的把握,语言选择上多使用正式 文体写作语言。其次,是时态的选择。与 07、08、09 的全国卷 I 的现在时态不同, 这篇文章在写作的时候可以较多的使用将来时态。之后,就是对文章信息的摘选, 由于题目中给出的是一个“通知”,所以不一定要每一句话都翻译,比如最后一 句的“欢迎大家光临”,显然,这句话和给 Ms. Smith 的邀请没有什
么关系,因此,在写作的时候一定要果断的删掉这个句子。最后,需要注意一点,在写作的 时候, 学生要学会组合题目信息, 寻找逻辑关系。 比如本题中, 为什么李华会选择 Ms.Smi th 来 做评委呢?显然,这个原因需要学生在作文中提到,而这恰恰是题目中没有给出的关键信息,
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所以学生要自己去创造一个理由,使作文看上去更合理一些。因此,在认真理解题目信息的 基础上,根据逻辑关系,组合,筛选并添加相关信息,在本题中是很重要的。 总之,今年的全国卷Ⅰ的书面表达,不论从形式上,还是从内容上讲,都与往年的全国卷作 文难度相当。

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