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高中英语外研版必修一配套同步课件 Module 3 Section Ⅳ Grammar & Writing


Module 3 My First Ride on a Train

Section Ⅳ Grammar & Writing

语法 讲座
考 点 精 析 专 题 练 习

写作 讲座

佳 作 观 摩

技 法 指 导

专 题 练 习

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一、过去分词作定语 1.位置

单个的过去分词作定语通常放在被修饰词之前,分词短
语作定语则放在被修饰词之后。 the injured workers受伤的工人 used book用过的书 the guests invited by my parents我父母邀请来的客人

a book written by Lu Xun鲁迅写的一本书

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[考题印证1]

(2011· 湖南高考)The players ________ from the whole
country are expected to bring us honor in this summer game. A.selecting C.selected B.to select D.having selected

解析:考查非谓语动词。句意:人们期待这些选自全国的运

动员在夏季比赛中能给我们带来荣耀。根据句意可知,这些
运动员是被选出来的,故应用过去分词selected 作定语,修 饰players。 答案:C 返回

2.意义
及物动词的过去分词作定语,具有完成和被动两层含义; 不及物动词的过去分词作定语,只表示动作的完成,无 被动之意。 a polluted river一条被污染了的河流 watered flowers浇过的花 fallen leaves落叶

a retired teacher一位退休教师

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[点津] 过去分词作定语相当于一个被动语态或完成时态形
式的定语从句;有时还可以作非限制性定语,前面常用逗号 与被修饰的成分隔开,相当于一个非限制性定语从句。 Most of the artists invited (= who had been invited) to the party were from South Africa.

邀请到会的大部分艺术家来自南非。
The computer centre, opened last year (=which was opened last year), is very popular among the students in this school. 电脑中心是去年开放的,很受这个学校的学生欢迎。 返回

[考题印证2] 2-1(2011· 全国卷Ⅱ)The island, ______ to the mainland by

a bridge, is easy to go to.
A.joining C.joined B.to join D.having joined

解析:考查非谓语动词。此处为原因状语,因join 与逻 辑主语the island 构成被动关系而使用过去分词,故选C。

答案:C

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2-2(2011· 福建高考)Tsinghua University, ______ in 1911, is

home to a great number of outstanding figures.
A.found C.founded B.founding D.to be founded

解析:考查非谓语动词。found 与 Tsinghua University 之间存在着动宾关系,所以用其过去分词形式,表示被 动意义。此处用 founded, 相当于 which was founded。 答案:C

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2-3(2010· 新课标全国卷)Mrs. White showed her students
some old maps ________ from the library.

A.to borrow
C.borrowed

B.to be borrowed
D.borrowing

解析:考查分词作定语,考虑到maps与borrow为被动 关系,故用过去分词作定语。 答案:C 返回

二、一般过去时的时间状语
1.一般过去时表示在过去一段时间内经常性或习惯性 的动作,常与every ..., often, always, usually等表示 频度的时间状语连用。 He always got up late, and never had enough time for

breakfast.
他总是起床很晚,从来没有足够的时间吃饭。

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2.一般过去时表示在确定的过去时间里所发生的动作或
存在的状态。时间状语有yesterday, last week, an hour

ago, the other day, in 1982等。
Last night we went to enjoy a good performance. 昨天晚上我们去看了一场不错的演出。

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[考题印证3]

(2011· 湖南高考)In 1492, Columbus ________ on one of the
Bahama Islands, but he mistook it for an island off India. A.lands C.has landed B.landed D.had landed

解析:考查时态。根据前面的时间状语in 1492 可知,此处 应用一般过去时态。 答案:B

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3.一般过去时也可与today, this week, in the old days,
during, recently, until,“since+时间点”,when引导的 时间状语从句等连用。 They recently moved to a new house. 不久前他们搬进一所新房子。

He has changed so much since I last saw him.
自从我上次见到他,他已改变了很多。

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[考题印证4]

(2011·山东高考)When I got on the bus, I______I had left my
wallet at home. A.was realizing C.have realized B.realized D.would realize

解析:考查动词的时态。句意:我上车后意识到把钱包忘在家 里了。这里描述的是过去发生的一个瞬间动作,所以用一般过 去时。

答案:B
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根据提示信息,写一篇题目为“My First Trip to Jinan”的 短文,介绍你的首次济南之行。 时间 2012年五一节

目的地
陪同人员 交通方式 了大约2个小时

济南
父母 乘汽车

1.参观了济南奥体中心体育馆,在此浏览
旅游见闻及感受 2.下午游览了大明湖

3.济南人对游客很友好,景色也很美
4.下午五点乘车返回 返回

My First Trip to Jinan ①On May Day, 2012, I went to Jinan with my parents. ②This was the first time I had visited Jinan, so I felt excited. ③We went there by bus.

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④After we reached Jinan, first we visited Jinan Olympic Sports Center Stadium, where we spent about two hours. ⑤ Then, in the afternoon, we toured the Daming Lake, which is located in the central part of Jinan. ⑥It is famous for its

fountains; millions of people all over the world come to see
them every year. ⑦People here are very friendly to tourists and the scene is beautiful as well. ⑧We went back at five in the afternoon. ⑨What a nice trip! ⑩I look forward to visiting it again! 返回

第一段:简单介绍行程时间、地点、目的地等。

第二段:详细介绍了整个行程的见闻及感受。
第三段:整体感想。

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语言精练是本文的特色。first,then,as well等词语的

运用使全文结构紧凑。
②句中This was the first time ...句型的应用表明了自己初 次到目的地。 ⑤句中which is located in the central part of Jinan,非 限制性定语从句的运用表明了大明湖的位置。 ⑨感叹句的应用反映了自己的整体感受。

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游记类的写作就是记述旅途中所见所闻,并通过对当地
的风土人情、山川地貌、人文景致、名胜古迹等方面的描写 来表达作者的思想感情。 写好此类文章一般需注意以下几个方面: 1.确定好写作的顺序,选择恰当的线索将游记中各个要

素联结起来,可按照时间顺序来写;
2.描写景物切忌面面俱到,要根据写作的主题有选择、 有重点地写;

3.在景物描写的基础上进而抒发自己的感情,也就是通
过情景交融的方式把自己的思想感情渗透到所写的景物中。 返回

[黄金表达] ①I went to ...by train/bus. ②That was my first visit to ... ③On the way to ..., we ... ④After ...hours' riding ... ⑤We had a good time/enjoyed ourselves.

⑥This is unusual/unforgettable ...
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⑦I'll never forget ... ⑧I will remember ...forever. ⑨We did not stop enjoying ourselves until ... This was a real lifechanging experience that I would never forget. ?We were very tired, but we really had a wonderful day.

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