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基础写作表达法


常用的衔接过渡词语
在写作中要尽量利用 一些衔接手段,即使用过 渡词语,以便使句与句、 段与段之间自然过渡与衔 接。在写作时灵活地应用 这些表达法,能起到“润 滑”或承上启下的作用,可 使文章流畅通顺,贯通一 致,顺口自然。 I. 衔 接 过 渡 词 ( Transitional Words)可分为:
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1 . 时 间 过 渡 词 (

Transitional words of time) (1) 表示过去时间 over the last / past ten years, early last year (in the early part of last year), as early as the last century, at the end of / towards the end of the last century, by the end of last century, at the turn of the last century, early in this century, / in the early part of the
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present century, late in autumn, in the late / early 1990s, in the late / early th 20 century, at dead of night / in the dead hours of the night, late into the night, at that time, a week later, right after that, not long after that, It was not long ago that, before long, afterwards, after a while, in the hours that followed, the following / next day, since then, from then on /
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from that time forward, up to the last minute, up to sb’ twentieth birthday, up till last summer, up till sb. did sth., until recently, at first, at last, for the first time, of late / lately, recently, etc. (2) 表示现在时间 up to now / up to the present / so far / by now, now, nowadays, at present, / at the present time / at the present day, for the
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time being / for the present, in this century, etc. (3) 表示将来时间 in future / from now on / onwards / from this time forward / from this day onwards, in the near future, in the future, a week from today / now, later this week, early next year, later on, early or late / sooner or later, etc. (4) 可变性时间(可有不同 的时间意义,如:today
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week 一 周 前 或 一 周 后 的 今天) this day week, later in the week, later, just now, at the moment, as soon as, promptly / instantly immediately / at once / at no time / on the instant / right now / right away / straight away, in a moment / minute , late into the night, meanwhile / at the same time / in the
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meantime, etc. 2.顺序或列举过渡词 ( Transitional words of order or listing) the former… the latter…, one is …the other is …, at the beginning of the month, at the very start, from the beginning, first / firstly / first of all, in the first place / to begin with / to start with, in the second / next place, second / secondly / next, then,
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eventually / finally / lastly / in the end / at length / at long last / in conclusion / to conclude / last of all / in the last place, as for / to / with regard (respect) to / in regard (respect) to (of) / in the case of / in the matter of / in point of / for that matter, for (in) the matter of that / in the matter of / in matters of / in terms of / on the part of, when it comes to, etc.
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3 . 因 果 过 渡 词 ( Transitional words of causality) so / thus / therefore / hence / accordingly / consequently, thanks to, by (in) virtue of / due to / owing to / on account of / by reason of / because (of), for this reason / on this account / as a result (of this), in view of, in this (that) case, for this purpose, on that account,
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for the same reason, by reason that / because of the fact that, that is (the reason) why, lead (up) to / give rise to / bring about / result in, result from, etc. 4.意义转折过渡词 ( Transitional words of shifting in bearing) yet, but, still, though, however, while, whereas, nevertheless, anyhow, anyway, on all accounts, on every account, at any
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rate, in any case, no matter how (what, why, when, where, who, whether), otherwise, or, for all that, even so, in spite of, (in) despite (of), even though, even if, opposite to, on the contrary, instead, except for, on the one hand, … on the other hand, …., it is true that … but …, it is not that …but that …, etc. 5 . 举 例 过 渡 词
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( Transitional words of example citing) like, such as, and so on, and so forth, etc., for example (instance), take … for example (as an example), cite an example (a case) in point, a (another) case in point is, an (another) example of this case is, for one thing, … for another, as a proof (an illustration), as follows, as a well-known
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saying goes, as a proverb says, as is often the case, it is not uncommon to see, it can be easily seen anywhere, etc. 6.递进或补充过渡词 ( Transitional words of forwarding or supplement) not only … but also …, as well as, besides, additionally, in addition (to that), apart (aside) from that, and also,
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moreover, furthermore, and what’s more, worse still, what’s worse, to make it worse, above all, specifically, especially, particularly, in particular, to tell the truth, true to tell, in other respects, etc. 7 . 解 释 过 渡 词 ( Transitional words of explanation) actually, in fact, as a matter of fact, in effect, in reality, in practice, in
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point of fact, namely, i.e., that is (to say), in other words, let me put it another way, to put it simply, to make it simpler, it refers to, it means that, sb. says something to the effect that, sb. means that, after all, in a broad sense, in a narrow sense, as matters stand, as the matter stands, as the case stands, as it is, according to the present situation,
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different people have different attitudes towards the matter, I am compelled (obliged, forced, made) to accept the proposal, in the interests of (for the benefit of)..., etc. 8.比较或对照过渡词 ( Transitional words of comparison or contrast) by comparison, by contrast, similarly, likewise, similar to, the same as, the same is true
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of all other cases, it is also true about, in the same way, unlike, rather (other) than, different from, differ (differentiate) from, distinguish (tell) … from …, distinguish between … and …, superior to, inferior to, no better than, no more than, no less than, etc. 9.条件或假设过渡词 ( Transitional words of condition or supposition)
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if, in case, in case of, unless, on this condition, on (upon) condition that, so (as) long as, provided (providing) that, on the assumption that, in (under) present (the prevailing) circumstances, in (under) certain (any) circumstances, etc. 10 . 总 结 过 渡 词 ( Transitional words of summary) briefly, in brief, in short,
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in sum, in general, in summary, in a word, on the whole, to summarize, to sum up (the above-mentioned arguments), all in all, to make a long story short, the long and the short of it, etc. II.常用的句子副词有: 1. frankly (honestly, seriously, generally, normally, roughly) speaking
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2.

hopefully, politically, economically, financially, militarily, scientifically and technologically, morally, psychologically, physiologically, unluckily, unfortunately, undoubtedly, evidently, apparently, obviously, noticeably, naturally, ironically, sarcastically,
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possibly, most likely, surely (no doubt), indeed, etc. 3. interestingly (surprisingly, oddly, strangely, curiously, funnily, luckily, fortunately,) enough III. 常 见 表 达 观 点 的 模 式 ( Expressions of views ) 有: 1.表达自己的观点 (Personal ideas)
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in matters of principle, a matter in dispute, a matter of opinion, a matter of public concern, a current subject for concern, personally (speaking), I (consistently) believe (think, hold, guess, maintain) that, I advocate doing ..., I dare say, I am sure, It can be said with certainty that, In my opinion (view), To my mind, To me, From my
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standpoint (viewpoint, point of view), For my part, As far as I’m concerned, I am fully / firmly convinced that, I’m in favor of the opinion that, I strongly incline to the view that, I am inclined (tend) to agree to this point that, The main reason is that, It stands to reason that, A proper attitude towards … should be that, It can be easily proved that, It
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cannot be denied that, there is no denying the fact that, it must be admitted that, admittedly (it is universally acknowledged that), It is not uncommon that, It is not uncommon to see (hear) that, It’s important (vital, crucial, necessary, essential, imperative, indispensable) for us to do …, I am (stand) firmly opposed to, I of course object to, I think
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otherwise, I don’t think so, I disagree, I have every reason to say that, It certainly won’t be right to say / do that, only a matter of time (taste, habit), it is no laughing matter, it is a matter of life and death, be bound to, be destined (doomed) to fail (to failure), my only concern is that, As concerns that matter, I would (should) like to say that, I tend to
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believe it is an important concern (important matter), it is a matter of the utmost concern to everyone that ..., it has no concern with, They are always under the illusion that, They must cast away the illusion that, They must cast away illusions, I am under no illusions, I don’t have the illusive (impractical, unpractical) idea that ..., to produce a
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far-reaching impact on..., the assertion is absurd (preposterous, ludicrous, ridiculous), it is not necessarily a bad thing, my only concern is that, I place considerable emphasis on (I lay stress on), it would be reasonable to believe that, The report brings home to them the gravity of the situation (… makes them feel that the situation is severe or
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grave), do not read our silence as consent / flabbiness, I’ll never give in to their views, this is one of the most pervasive problems, this argument is not persuasive (convincing) at all, some people are inclined to jump to hasty conclusions, I may safely draw the conclusion that ..., etc. 2.表达别人的观点 (Others’ ideas)
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In the view of other people, Some people tend (incline) to believe that, They point out (argue, claim / assert insist, declare) that, Other people still hold the view that, etc. 3.表达普遍或共同观点 (Universal or the same view ) The most widely-held view is that, It is generally (universally) thought (believed, considered,
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acknowledged, recognized, agreed) that, The great (vast) majority of the people share the same idea that, We are of the same mind, I can’t agree more, I absolutely (completely, entirely, totally, utterly) agree with them, people express a strong desire that, etc.

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