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2013届高考英语一轮复习 part1 unit2 English around the world课件 新人教版必修1


2013届高考英语一轮复习课件
新人教版全国通用

① voyage n. 航行,航海 The voyage from England to India used to take six months. 过去从英国航行到印度要用6个月。 短语 make a voyage/make voyages to 远航去……

① v

oyage n. 辨析 voyage/journey/trip/tour/travel voyage 主要指“乘船做海上旅行”,也可指“空中旅 行”。 journey 旅行、旅程、路程,一般来说着重指长距 离的陆上旅行。 trip 往往着重指“短途旅行”或“有特别目的的旅行”, 在口语中可与journey互换。

① voyage n. 辨析 voyage/journey/trip/tour/travel tour 指以旅游、视察、购物等为目的的旅行,常含 有“最后要回到出发地”的意思。 travel 主要指“国内旅行或长途旅行”,泛指“旅行” 时,是不可数名词,若要表示某人在某一时间内, 从一地到另一地作长途旅行,也可用复数。(通常 有物主代词修饰)。

① voyage n. 活用 用voyage/journey/travel/trip/tour填空

trip (1)We went on a ______ to the mountains. (2)The novel is based on his ______ in India. travels voyage (3)The ship sank on his first _______, which was quite disappointing.

① voyage n. 活用 用voyage/journey/travel/trip/tour填空

(4)The Prince will visit France on the last leg of his
European ______. tour journey (5)Did you have a good ________? journey (6)The book describes a spiritual _______ from despair

to happiness.

① voyage n. 活用 单项填空

(7)It was reported that their ship broke down on the
way and only a few men survived the ________. B

A. travel
C. tour

B. voyage
D. trip

解析 由ship推断出是海上旅行,因此用voyage。

② command n. & vt. 根据语境猜词义 (1) The fire officer took command, ordering everyone to leave the fire. (2) He has studied in the USA and has a good command of spoken English. (3) Kathleen walked in, tall, slim, confident and in total command of herself. (4) The commander commanded that everyone die rather than give in.

② command n. & vt. 根据语义找匹配 A.命令 B. 控制 C. 精通 D. 指挥

答案 (1) D

(2) C

(3) B

(4) A

② command n. & vt. 链接 command n. 控制;指挥;掌握;精通 v. 赢得, 博得;眺望 commandant n. 司令官;指挥官 commander n. 长官

② command n. & vt. 短语 under sb's command 在……的指挥下 be in command of sth. 控制 take command of 指挥 have a good command of 掌握;精通 at one's command 娴熟地;运用自如 be in command of oneself 神态自若的 command sb. to do sth. 命令某人做某事

② command n. & vt. 句型 command that + sb. +(should)+ do sth. 活用 单项填空 (1) In my opinion, I can be fit for the position as an English secretary because I have an excellent ____ A of English. 解析 考查名词短语。能形成名词短语的只有have a good command of 表示“精通”,其他名词都不 能构成短语,所以答案是A。

② command n. & vt. (2) The teacher commanded that all the students ____ C the classroom before he returned. A. mustn't leave B. didn't left C. not leave D. wouldn't leave 解析 考查虚拟语气。动词command后的宾语从句 要 用 虚 拟 语 气 , 其 形 式 为 should do sth. 其 中 的 should可以省去但动词原形不得改变,所以答案为C。

③ native 根据语境猜词义 (1) I arrived that evening at my native town. (2) If necessary, translate a representative sentence into the student's native language. (3) One of the animals native to India is the tiger. (4) His native musical ability impressed his teachers. (5) He is a native of New York. (6) The natives were friendly to the explorers.

③ native 根据语义找匹配 A. (某地)出生的人或物 n. B. 出生的(国家、地方等)adj. C. 土生土长的,当地产的 adj. D. 土著居民 n. E. 天然的,天生的,应有的 adj. F. 本族的(语言),生来就能说的 adj. 答案 (1)B (2)F (3)C (4)E (5)A (6)D

(1)B

(2)F

(3)C (4)E

(5)A

(6)D

③ native 短语 be native to (动植物等)原产于某地的 native speakers 生来就说某种语言的人

③ native 活用 汉译英 (1) 这种奇异的植物原产于意大利。 This kind of strange plant is native to Italy. ____________________________________ (2)她的英语口语很纯正,你会认为她生来就说

英语。 Her English accent is so good that you would _______________________________________
think she was a native speaker. _________________________

④ include vt.

根据语境猜词义
(1) The tour includes a visit to the Science Museum. A

(2) The team is looking strong, especially now they
have included Yao Ming. 根据语义找匹配 A.包括;包含 B. 使……成为整体的一部分

B

④ include vt. 链接 including prep. 包括,包含 included adj. 包括,包含 inclusive adj. (价钱或费用) 包括一切的 辨析 contain/ include/ hold contain 强调其中的内容或成分 include 强调整体的一部分 hold 能容纳

④ include vt. 活用 单项填空 (1) — How come a simple meal like this costs so much? B — We have ______in your bill the cost of the cup you broke just now. A. added B. included C. contained D. charged 解析 考查动词词义辨析。include 使……成为一 部分;contain包含,含有; add增加;charge收费。 根据语境:我们包括了你刚才摔碎的杯子的费用, 所以答案是B

④ include vt.

你会辨别including和included吗? (1) Ten students will pay a visit to the Science included Museum, Tom and John __________. (2) Ten students will pay a visit to the Science including Museum, __________Tom and John.

⑤ request n. & vt.

要求,请求

根据语境感悟其用法 (1)He fulfilled his task at the request of the leader. (2)We will make a request for help if necessary.

(3) His request is that the work (should) be finished
as soon as possible. (4) You are requested not to smoke in public. (5) The guide requested that the visitors not park the car at the gate.

⑤ request n. & vt.

要求,请求

短语 make (a) request for… 请求……;要求…… at sb. 's request=at the request of sb. 按某人的要求 by request (of) 按照需要;依照请求;应邀 on request 一经要求 request sb. to do sth. 请求某人做某事 request that sb. (should) do sth. 请求…… request sth. from/of sb. 向某人请求某物

⑤ request n. & vt. 句型

要求,请求

It is requested that… 根据要求……

活用 完成句子
(1) He was there ______(按经理的要求). 答案 at the request of his manager

⑤ request n. & vt.

要求,请求

活用 完成句子 (2) She requested that no one ______(被告知她的决 定). (3) You are _____(被要求不要吸烟) in the restaurant. 答案 (2) (should) be told of her decision (3) requested not to smoke

⑤ request n. & vt.

要求,请求

温馨提示 但凡有“要求”语义的词所带的所有从句都 要使用虚拟语气“(should) do sth.”形式,should 可 以省略,但动词原形不得改变。英语中有6个动词 表示“要求”。它们是demand / require/ request/ appeal/ ask/ urge。

⑥present n., adj.&vt. 根据语境猜词义 (1) There were 200 people present at the meeting. (2)What can get him for a birthday present? (3) You?ve got to forget the past and start living in the present. (4) Are you presenting your paper at the conference? (5) It is essential that we present a more modern image.

⑥present n., adj.&vt.

根据语义找匹配 A.提交 B.目前 C.展现,呈现 D.礼物 E. 到场,出席
答案 (1) E (2) D (3) B (4) A (5) C

⑥present n., adj.&vt. 链接 presence n. 在场;出席

presentation n.展示会;发布会;颁奖仪式
presently adv. 目前;眼下

⑥present n., adj.&vt. 短语 at present = at the present time 目前 for the present 暂时 be present at 出席;参加 make a present of sth. to sb. = make sb. a present of sth. 向某人赠送某物 present sb. with sth. = present sth. to sb. 向某人捐赠 某物

⑥present n., adj.&vt.
辨析 gift / present gift 一般指贵重礼物或捐赠之物,也可指“天赋”, 可以是具体的也可指抽象的。构成短语:have a gift for sth.表示“有哪方面的天赋”。 present 往往指具体的,亲戚朋友间所送之物。 The foundation made a gift of a million dollars to the university. Each child brought a present to the teacher on Teachers' Day.

⑥present n., adj.&vt. 活用 根据语境猜语义 I'll (1) present all the students (2) present with my works as (3) presents for the graduating ceremony. 根据语境用gift/present填空

Having a (4) ______for music, he received a piano as his birthday (5) ______.
答案 (1) 赠予 (2)出席 (3)礼物 (4) gift (5)gift

⑦such (1)such的位置 There is no such thing as a free lunch. 世上没有免费午餐之类的好事儿。 There are three such mistakes in your composition. 你的作文中有3个这样的错误。 注意:such与 all, no, some, any, few, little, many, much, several, one 等词连用时,应位于它们的后面。

⑦such 温馨提示

① 在“no such + 单数可数名词”这一结构中, 千万别受汉语的影响而多加不定冠词或one,例 如:我们班没有这样的一个学生。 There is no such a student in our class. (×) There is no such one student in our class. (×) There is no such student in our class. (√)

⑦such 温馨提示
② 注意many 与such的问题:英语中不存在“such many+可数名词复数”或“such much+不可数名词”结 构,但存在“a so many +可数名词复数”或“so much+ 不可数名词” 以及“many such+ 可数名词复数”,例如: so many students 这么多的学生 so much water 这么多的水 many such students 许多这样的学生

⑦such
(2)“such + 名词 + that”与“such + 名词+as或其他”。 试填下面的空: B ①It was such an attractive school_____ we visited years ago. A ②It was such an attractive school______ we visited it years ago. ③It is such an attractive school______ we worked years ago. D

A. that

B. as

C. which

D. where

⑦such 【分析】这类的考题,实际上考查的是定语 从句与结果状语从句的区别问题。句①我们可以 把such an attractive school代入到从句作visited的宾 语 , 所 以 答 案 是 B; 句 ② 我 们 不 能 把 such an attractive school代入到从句中,所以是结果状语从 句 , 因 此 答 案 是 A; 句 ③ 我 们 可 以 在 such an attractive school前加介词in代入到从句中作地点状 语,是定语从句,所以答案是D。

⑦such (3) 倒装问题 ① Such is… Such is Shen Hao, a diligent, warmhearted and selfless man. 这就是沈浩,一个勤奋,热心而又大公无 私的人。 温馨提示 这一句式主要用于描述人的文章的句 尾处,使文章简洁明了,不拖泥带水而又对文 章起到画龙点睛之效。

⑦such (3) 倒装问题 ② “such + 名词 + 助动词+谓语 +that” 的结果状语从句 Such loud noises did they make that they were heard out in the street.

⑧recognize vt.
根据语境猜词义 (1) I recognized him as soon as he came in the room. B (2) Can you recognize this tune? C (3) They recognized they need to take the problem seriously. D (4) He is recognized as the best teacher because of his broad knowledge. A 根据语义找匹配 A. 公认为 B. 认出 C. 听出 D. 承认

⑧recognize vt. 链接 recognizable adj. 可辨认出的 recognition n. 认出;辨认;认可 短语 recognize sb./sth. by/ from… 根据……认出某人 recognize sb. as / to be 认为……是…… beyond one's recognition 完全认不出;面目全非

⑧recognize vt. 句型 It's recognized that…人们公认为…… 活用 完成句子 (1) The moment I picked up the phone, I _________ (听出来他是谁). 答案 recognized him

⑧recognize vt.

活用 完成句子 (2) He has changed so much that I ______________ (几乎认不出来他了). (3) __________(人们一直认为) that environment pollution has become one of the most serious problems that people face.
答案 (2) can hardly recognize him (3) It is recognized

⑧recognize vt.

— Hello, can you recognize me? — Sorry, I can't see you at all. How can I know who you are? 在这个对话中,他们之间为什么会产生这一误会 呢?

⑧recognize vt.

答案 他们误会的根源在于:对方误解了 recognize是“认出”,而实际上,这是打电话的一 个情景,对方的recognize 的意思是“听出我是谁” 的意思。原来英语中还有小品啊!

① come up 根据语境猜词义 (1)A child came up to me and showed me the way to the station. A (2)The sky was dark blue and clear when the moon came up. B (3)Your question came up at the meeting. C 根据语义找匹配 A.走近,走向前去

B. 升起

C. 提出

① come up 短语 come about 发生 come across 邂逅;偶遇 come out 出版;开花 come to 达到;苏醒;谈到 come down 下来,败落,降价 come true 实现 come up with (针对问题等)提出,想出,提供

① come up 活用 用come相关的短语填空 The other day when I was walking in the street, I came across (1) ___________Wang Lei, an old friend of mine. She told me a story of her brother's. He once saw a come at dog (2)________ a boy, which made the boy die of a disease related to a dog disease.

① come up 活用 用come相关的短语填空 came up with At that time, he (3) ____________the idea to learn medicine and find a cure for the disease. In the next 10 years, he (4) __________ a lot of came over difficulties and his dream finally (5)__________. came true

② even if / though

把下列句子翻译成汉语
(1) Even if we can go out for a play, we won't do. 即使我们能出去玩,我们也不想去。 (2) Even if it doesn't rain tomorrow, we will still not be able to go. 即便明天不下雨,我们还是不能去。

② even if / though

根据例题你体会出even if / though的语义了 吗?你发现主从复合句中的时态问题了吗?
答案 根据例题,even if / though是“即使;即 便”的意思,引导让步状语从句。当从句的动作 发生在将来时,从句应该使用一般现在时代替一 般将来时。

② even if / though 链接 even if 与as if /though Even if you take a taxi, you will still miss your flight. 即使你搭出租车你还是赶不上你的航班的。 He talks as if he had known everything in the world. 他说起话来好像他已经知道世界的一切。 通过对比我们不难发现他们的语义是不同的, even if是“即使;即便”的意思,而as if/though是“好 像”的意思。

② even if / though 活用 单项填空 B (1) I'm determined to get a seat for the concert ______ it means standing in a queue all night. A. as though B. even if C. in case D. so that 解析 考查连词辨析。句意“我决心得到一张音 乐会的座位票,即使意味着整夜排队。”

② even if / though 活用 单项填空 C (2) Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ____ they knew it to be valuable.

A. as if C. even though

B. now that D. so that

② even if / though 活用 单项填空 C (2) Many of them turned a deaf ear to his advice, ____ they knew it to be valuable. 解析 连接词引导状语从句的用法。本题的语义 是:即使他们知道他的建议十分有价值,他们中 的许多人仍对它置若罔闻。as if 好像;now that 既然;so that 为了,以便; 以至于;even though = even if表示让步,所以答案是C。

③ more than 根据语境猜词义 (1) There are more than 100 students in our class. (2) I'm more than pleased with you. (3) He is more than our teacher. He is our closed friend.

(4) The book is more than you can read.

③ more than

根据语义找匹配 A.不只是;不单单是 B. 超过;多于 C. 十分地 D. 超出……的范围 答案 (1) B (2) C (3) A (4) D

③more than 链接 (1)more than

+数词 +名词 +形容词 +句子

超过 不只是;不单是 十分地 超出……的范围 (= over) 超过 少于 (= only )仅仅 不超过

(2) more than less than no more than not more than

+ 数词

③more than 链接 (3) more than no more than (4)rather than other than + 名词 而不是 除了 不只是 只不过是;就是

③ more than 链接 (5)more A than B 与其说是B,倒不如说是A; 是A,不是B He is so easy-going and warm-hearted. He is more our brother than a teacher. 他是那样的随和和热心。与其说他是我们的 老师,倒不如说是我们的兄弟。

③more than

活用 单项填空

B (1)In that case, there is nothing you can do _____ wait.
A. more that
C. better than

B. other than
D. rather than

③more than

活用 单项填空
(2)“Life begins at forty” is more often an expression of hope ______ a state of fact. B A. instead of B. than C. rather than D. other than (3)The Nato's bombing the Chinese Embassy in Yugoslavia is ______ a mistake, it's a big crime. A A. more than B. no more than C. not more than D. less than

③more than

活用 单项填空
(4)We are taught that a business letter should be written in a formal style ______ in a personal one. A A. rather than B. better than C. more than D. less than B (5)The population of many Alaskan cities has ______ doubled in the past five years. A. larger than B. more than C. as great as D. as many as

④ make use of 利用 英译汉 (1)As a student, you must make full use of your spare time. (2)Very little use was made of them in the past. (3)They began to think what use could be made of the used water

④ make use of 利用

答案
(1)作为学生,你应该充分利用你的业余时间。 (2)它们过去很少得到利用。 (3)他们开始思考怎么利用废水。

④ make use of 利用 链接 make full/good/poor/little use of 充分/好好/没 有充分/几乎没有利用 make the most of 最好地利用 take full advantage of 充分利用 对于make use of 这个短语,除了熟练掌握 它的含义外,还应注意两点:① 把use 提前使用 被动语态。②把use提前用做先行词,其后可接 定语从句。

④ make use of 利用 活用单项填空 (1)The money collected should be made good use D _______ the people who suffered a lot in this terrible earthquake. A. of helping B. to help C. to helping D. of to help 解 析 将 句 子 改 为 主 动 语 态 : (We)should make good use of the money collected to help the people…, 可以判断出答案。

④ make use of 利用 活用单项填空

(2) The manager of the company told us that very little C ______ was made of the waste material in the past. A. cost B. value C. use D. matter
解析 公司的经理告诉我们过去废物很少能得到 利用。

①the way后的关系词选择 这是the way作为先行词后接定语从句的特殊 句式。当我们不能把the way直接代入到定语从句 时,我们就用that, in which或省略(此时一定当心 别受汉语的影响而误用how,因为定语从句连接词 中没有how);当the way代入从句中作主语或宾语, 我们就要用that或which,作宾语时,也可省略。

①the way后的关系词选择 活用 单项填空 (1)Can you tell me the way ______ I can improve my A English? A. that B. which C. what D. how B (2)Can you tell me the way ______ helps me improve my English? A. what B. that C. in which D. how

②This is because in the early days of radio,
those who reported the news were expected to

speak excellent English.(P13)
这是因为早期的电台节目里,人们期望新闻 播音员所说的英语是最好的英语。

②This is because in the early days of radio,
those who reported the news were expected to

speak excellent English.(P13)
此处because用来引导表示原因的表语从句。 because, why以及that都可以用来引导表示原因的 表语从句,但用法各有侧重,不能混淆。

请根据语境体会其用法 He was late. That's because his car was blocked on the way. His car was blocked on the way. That's why he was late. The reason why he was late is that his car was blocked on the way.

请根据语境体会其用法 分析 表示“那就是……的原因”,就用that's why… ; 表 示 “ 那 是 因 为 ……” , 我 们 就 用 that's because…; 当主语是the reason…那么引导表语从 句的引导词就用that。 另外,what引导的主语从句,涉及原因时, 引导表语从句的连接词也是that。


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