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almost nearly hardly mostly 区别


almost nearly hardly mostly 区别 -He isn't particular about his food. -Yes, he eats ______ anything. A. nearly B. almost C. mostly 让我们看看这三个选项的意思各是什么。 1. almost=very nearly,表示"几乎、差不多",常可互换使用。例如: It's almost/nearly ten o'clock.差不多 10 点了。 He fell off a tree and almost/nearly died.他从树上摔下来,几乎丧命。 析:①事实角度讲,almost 比 nearly 的 差距更小 。②说话人的心理角度来讲, almost 暗含"还有距离",nearly 暗含"似无差别"。比如上面的例句,第一句用 almost 比 nearly 反映出时间更接近 10 点,但用 almost 反映出说话人的心理活动 是"还差一点儿才到 10 点",若用 nearly 则反映出说话人的心理活动是"可以说已 到 10 点了"。第 2 句也是这样:用 almost 反映出说话人的心理活动是"还活着";用 nearly 反映出说话人的心理活动是"快死了"。所以用 almost,还是使用 nearly,说 话人的心理活动是关键。. 2. almost 和 nearly 可互换使用的场合 (1)在肯定句中 The old man is almost/nearly 90 years old.这个老人快 90 岁了。 (2)修饰 all, every, always 等时 I go to bed at ten almost/nearly every day.我几乎每天都是 10 点钟上床睡 觉。 (3)在行为动词的否定式前 He almost/nearly didn't hear what I said.他几乎没听到我讲些什么。3.只能 用 almost 的场合 (1)修饰 no, none, never, any 以及由 no 或 any 的合成词。例如: I have almost nothing to do today.今天我几乎没什么事可做。 This word is to be found in almost any dictionary.这个词几乎在任何一本词典中都可以查到。 There is almost none left.几乎什么也没留下。 (2)修饰表示感觉或心理的动词或形容词。例如: I almost think you are right.我还不完全相信你是对的。 (3)修饰 more than 和 too。例如: That's almost too much.这简直是太过分了。 4.只能用 nearly 的场合 (1)被 very, not, pretty 修饰时。例如: I'm not nearly ready.我还没有准备好。 I know pretty nearly all the secrets of his married life.我几乎知道他的全部 婚姻生活的秘密。 注意:not nearly=far from, much less than 差得远,远远不够。例如: There is not nearly enough money for a new car.买一部新车的钱远远不 够。 "几乎不"只能用 hardly,不能用 nearly not 也不能说 almost not。 (2)表示要做什么事但后来"没有做"或"避开不做"时。例如: We nearly called to see you last Saturday.我们上周六差点来看你。 5. mostly 用作副词,意思是"大体上、主要地、大部分、多半、通常"等。 She is mostly out on Sundays.她周日多半不在家。 The students in our school are mostly from cities.我们学校的学生大部分来 自城市。 注意:almost 和 mostly 用作副词时,意思是不同的。例如: Your answers are almost correct.你的答案非常正确


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