There is a large inequality in the means and roles of different entities to fulfill their claimed responsibility. This would imply that different entities have different responsibi
lities, insomuch as states should ensure the civil rights of their citizens, that corporations should respect and encourage the human rights of their employees and that citizens should abide by written laws. But social responsibility can mean more than these examples. Many NGOs accept that their roles and the responsibility of their members as citizens are to help improve society by taking a proactive stance in their societal roles. It can also imply that corporations have an implicit obligation to give back to society. Social responsibility is voluntary; it is about going above and beyond what is called for by the law. It involves an idea that it is better to be proactive toward a problem rather than reactive to a problem. Social responsibility means eliminating corrupt, irresponsible or unethical behavior that might bring harm to the community, its people, or the environment before the behavior happens.
The internet and the ICT revolution have created “sovereign individuals” –individuals who are empowered because they have access to new learning opportunities; are able to sell their own ideas, services or products directly to others; and can access medical information to make their own choices about health care. These sovereign individuals also have reliable and up-to-date information about government policies and programs that allows them to become better citizens.
Technological development, from better transportation and carrier services to the telephone and mass media, has created a smaller, more integrated world. Now, the ICT revolution is making the world even smaller and more integrated. Communications, trade and employment, personal and political transactions are now occurring on a global scale, in real time, ignoring boundaries between states.
When the mind engaged in pure creative thinking it comes up with new thoughts and ideas. When it applies itself to society it can come up with new organizations. When it turns its attention to the study of nature it discovers the laws and mechanisms by which nature operates. When it applies itself to technology it comes up with new discoveries and practical inventions that boost productivity. Technical creativity has had an erratic course through history, with some intense periods of creative output followed by some dull and inactive periods. However the period since 1700 has been marked by an intense burst of technological creativity that is multiplying human capacities expotentially.
Exposure to violence is not believed to increase aggression, but being aggressive increases preference for violent television. Children observe what is considered novel aggressive behavior and learn vicariously that aggressive acts are rewarded. The more a child can relate to the characters in the program, the more likely he/she will be to emulate the characters’ actions. Not only do the actions of a child reflect the programs viewed, but watching a violent program causes desensitization. There is a widespread agreement that television habits can be harmful. Psychologically speaking the effects can be devastating.
Teenagers may also suffer from the high competition for jobs out in the real world. Financial pressure will start to build up around this time. Part time job is scarce and parents don’t have as much money as they did when the teenager was younger. Then there are the stresses of living at home, which is a place where teenagers need to stay, yet feeling old enough to be on their own. Teenage stress is not so different from those of adults. Teenagers are no longer children, and not yet adults. Hormones, puberty, school responsibilities, and home responsibilities all attack teenagers at one time. Therefore, it is up to teenagers to deal with this stress in a very manageable way.