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人教版必修五unit5词汇知识点语法复习


英语

Ⅰ.拼写单词(考纲内) 1.____________ [θr??t] n. the front part of the neck throat ceremony [? 2.____________ serIm ?nI] n. a special programme for an important happening 3.____________ [tri? t] vt. & vi.治疗;对待;款待 n.款 treat 待;招待 pressure [? 4.____________ pre ? ?] n.压力;挤压;压迫(感) 5.____________ [? Ind ??rI] n.损伤;伤害 injury

英语

cupboard [? 6.____________ k ?b?d] n. a piece of furniture, with shelves and doors, for keeping things in 7.____________ [skIn] n. thin stuff that covers the body skin of a person or animal organ 8.____________ [? ?? ɡ?n] n. a part of the body that has a particular purpose ray 9.____________ [reI] n. the line or beam of light, heat, etc. 10.____________ [? k ?mpleks] adj.复杂的 complex variety 11.____________ [v?? raI ?tI] n.变化;多样(化);多变(性)

英语

12.____________ [? lIkwId] n. anything that flows, and is liquid not a solid or a gas mild 13.____________ [maIld] adj.轻微的;温和的;温柔的 swell 14.____________ [swel] vi. & vt.(使)膨胀;隆起 15.____________ [? sIz ?z] n.(pl.) a tool with two blades, scissors for cutting pour 16.____________ [p?? (r)] vt. & vi.倒;灌;注;涌 17.____________ [bla?z] n. a piece of clothing that a blouse woman or girl wears on the top part of her body

英语

tight 18.____________ [taIt] adj.牢的;紧的;紧密的 tightly 19.____________ [? taItlI]adv.紧地;牢牢地 apply 20.____________ [?? plaI] vt.涂;敷;搽;应用;运用 vi. 申请;请求;使用;有效 ambulance [? 21 . ____________ ? mbj ?l?ns] n. a special van that carries people who are ill or hurt ankle 22.____________ [? ? ?kl] n. the part where the foot and leg join choke 23.____________ [t? ??k] vi. & vt.(使)噎住;(使)窒息 24.____________ [? reIdI? eI ? n] n.辐射;射线 radiation

英语

25.____________ [p?n] n. a flat dish for cooking pan 26.____________ [st??v] n. a piece of kitchen equipment stove on which you cook food in pots and pans 27 . basin ____________[? beIsn] n. a large bowlshaped container for liquids or food symptom 28 . ____________ [? sImpt ?m] n. something wrong with your body or mind which shows that you have a particular illness kettle 29.____________ [? ketl] n. a metal pot with a handle on the top, for boiling water

英语

sleeve 30.____________ [sli? v] n. a part of a dress, shirt, coat, etc. that covers your arm bleed 31.____________ [bli? d] vi. & vt.流血 poison 32.____________ [? p ?Izn] n. a substance that can cause death or serious illness if you eat it, drink it etc. electric 33.____________ [I ? lektrIk]adj.电的;电动的 34.____________ [? breIv ?rI] n.勇敢;勇气 bravery 35.____________ be ?r?bl] adj.难以忍受的;不能容忍 unbearable [?n? 的

英语

Ⅱ.短语填空 put one's hand on, catch fire, make no difference, fall ill, cut off, squeeze out, a number of, over and over again, in place, for the moment 1.She may ________, in which case she will have to be taken to the hospital at once.
答案 fall ill

英语

2. We're happy living in a flat ________ but we may be to move to a house soon.
答案 for the moment

英语

3.The lemon looks dry to me, but you may be able to ________ a few drops.
答案 squeeze out

英语

4.As a matter of customer service, the work to deal carefully with complaints should be ________ without any loss of time.
答案 in place

英语

5.If the bedclothes ________ and the whole house might be burnt down.
答案 caught fire

英语

6.The village was ________ by the snow for more than a month.
答案 cut off

英语

8.Whether he is here or not will ________ to our work.

答案

make no difference

英语

9.The teacher has emphasized ________ the importance of solid basic training in the study of a foreign language.
答案 over and over again

英语

10.Quite ________ students in our department are from the South.
答案 a number of

英语

[考试题] (2011· 四川部分重点中学联考 )I have tried to get up earlier to avoid the rush hours, but it still doesn't ________. A. aid B. matter C. care D. work

答案与解析 D 根据句意“但这也没什么用”可知, 应 该用 work 表示“奏效;产生预期的结果(或作用)”,所以这 里选 D 项。

英语

[预测题] The car was full, but I managed to ________ in. A. arrive B. squeeze C. let D. put

答案与解析 进去。”。

B

I managed to squeeze in.“我设法挤了

英语

[考试题] (2011· 舒城中学) — I'd like to see the movie very much, but I have no money with me. — That's OK. My ________ this time. A. offer B. treat C. promise D. service

答案与解析 B 句意:——我很想看这部电影,但没带 钱。——没什么。这次我请客。my treat“我请客”。

英语

?apply ... to ... 把??应用于??;将??涂/贴在??上 ? ?apply oneself to ... 致力于;集中精力做?? ?apply one's mind to 致力于;专心于?? ? ?apply force/pressure 用力 ?apply ?to sb.? for sth. ?向???申请??;请求?? ? ?apply to ?to为介词?适用于;对??有效 ? ?application form 申请表

英语

[考试题] (1)(2011· 南京调研 )When ________ a job, you should highlight your experience and skills. A. applying to B. applied to C. applying for D. applied for

答案与解析 C 句意:当你申请工作时,应当强调你的 经验和技术。根据 apply to sb. for sth.结构,此处应选 apply for。由于主语 you 与状语 apply 为主动关系,故状语选用现 在分词。

英语

(2)(2011· 绍兴一中)Tom ________ to several companies after he resigned his position as vice president, but he was rejected over and over again. A. applied B. stuck C. adjusted D. took

答案与解析 A apply“申请”;stick“粘住;坚持”; adjust“调整”;take“拿;乘坐”。句意:辞去副经理职务 后,汤姆向好几家公司求职,但屡屡遭拒。

英语

[预测题] I have told you ________ not to do that.But you always forget it. A. over again B once again C. over and over again D. every now and then

答案与解析 续地”。

C

every now and then“不时地;断断续

英语

[考试题] (2011· 兖州检测) — Shall he come today or tomorrow? — Up to him. It makes no ________ to me. A. meaning B. trouble C. relation D. difference

答案与解析 D make no difference“(对某人)都没区 别”。句意:——让他今天还是明天来? ——在他吧。对我 来说都一样。

英语

三、语法 省略是为了避免重复,包括并列复合句中某些成分的省 略、状语从句主谓的省略、定语从句关系词的省略、宾语从 句中引导词的省略、不定式的省略、用 so, not 或其他手段来 省略问句中一部分或整个句意等等。

英语

[考试题] (1)(2011· 长沙模拟 )If the weather is fine, we'll go. If ________, ________. A. not; not B. no; no C. not; no D. no; not

答案与解析 A if not“不然的话”,为固定搭配,排 除 B、D 两项。这个句子补充完整后为:If the weather is not fine, we will not go.,故选 A 项。

英语

(2)(2011· 湖南十二校联考)Although ________ under the sea for several hundred years, the ship loaded with a great deal of china is still in good condition. A. buried B. burying C. to be buried D. being buried

答案与解析 A bury 和句子主语 the ship 之间是动宾 关系,且动作已完成,故应用动词的过去分词。

英语

(3)It's OK to leave an electrical instrument on so long as you are using it, ________, turn it off! A. if not B. if possible C. if so D. if any

答案与解析 A if not“如果不的话”;if possible“如 果可能的话 ” ; if so“ 如果这样的话 ” ; if any“ 如果有的 话”。句意:你如果要用电乐器的话,开着它没关系,如果 不(用它),就关上吧。

英语

(4) — Didn't you go to Li Ming's wedding the day before yesterday? — I ________ , but I had an important meeting to attend. A. ought to B. used to C. would like to D. should have

答案与解析 D 句意: ——难道你前天没有参加李明的 婚礼吗?——我本来应该去,但我得参加一个重要的会议(所 以没去 ) 。 should have 是 should have gone to Li Ming's wedding 的省略形式,故选 D 项。

英语

(5)I have to say you came here ten minutes later than ________. A. requiring B. to require C. require D. required

答案与解析 D 我们可以这样理解:“later than (you are) required”其中括号部分被省略。

英语

(6)Much to his surprise, he invited only twenty friends to the dinner, but ________ came. A. twice as many as B. as many as twice C. twice as many D. twice more than

答案与解析 C “倍数+as many as ...”结构。可以理 解为:“but twice as many (as twenty friends) came”。

英语

(7)She left home without dinner as if ________. A. she is angry B. being angry C. to be angry D. angry

答案与解析 D 考查 as if 从句的省略。在 as if 引导的 方式状语从句中,如果从句中的动词是 be,且前后主语一致, 通常将从句中的主语和动词 be 省略,而保留 as if+形容词、 分词、动词不定式等。题干为 She left home without dinner as if (she was) angry,从句省略后保留表语 angry。

英语

(8) — Why didn't you buy the gold ring? — I ________, but I didn't have the money. A. would have B. bought C. would like to D. had bought

答案与解析 A 上文问的是没有买的理由, 下文自然是 对过去的事情的原因的陈述,but I didn't have the money 给 出的是事实,换句话说,如果有钱的话,“我”就会买。所 以选 A 项。此句可以变形为:I would have bought it if I had had the money。

英语

Ⅰ.选词填空 radiation , pressure , ceremony , bleed , throat , poison, treat, symptom, bravery, choke pressure on the child. He may not 1.Don't put much ________ stand it. bravery in the 2.They were awarded medals for their ________ war. choked if they are not taken good 3. Children are easily ________ care of. poisoned Wu Dalang with white arsenic. 4.Pan Jinlian ________

英语

5.The wounded are being ________ treated without delay. 6.A fever is asymptom ________ of illness. 7 . I wanted to tell her, but the words stuck in my ________. throat 8.Radium is a kind of metal that gives out radiation ________. 9.China held a great ceremony ________ in celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. 10.All the young soldiers are ready to ________ bleed for the country.

英语

Ⅱ.完成句子 1.People from all over the country ________ ________ ________ ________ (来援助) when people in Sichuan suffered from the earthquake.
答案 came to their aid

英语

2.________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (没 大关系) whether you leave today or tomorrow. (difference)
答案 It doesn't make much difference

英语

3.It ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (是因为生病) that he didn't go to school.
答案 was because he was ill

英语

4 . The group tried ________ ________ ________ ________ (施加压力) the government to act.
答案 to put pressure on

英语

5.She ________ ________ ________ ________ (申请工作) as an English teacher.
答案 applied for a job

英语

6.He ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (不想落后于别人) in his studies.
答案 didn't want to fall behind others

英语

7.________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (除 非你换个方法) you won't be able to succeed.
答案 Unless you change the method

英语

8.There ________ ________ ________ ________ (毫无疑 问) he is a fine scholar.
答案 is no doubt that

英语

9.________ ________ (如有必要), we shall go home at once.
答案 If necessary

英语

10.________ ________ ________ ________ ________ (我 们正要离开) when the telephone rang.
答案 We were about to leave

英语

Ⅲ.单句改错 1.He can do nothing but lay down and sleep.
lay→lie

2.He told me that she was a beautiful girl and she was clever. and 后面加 that 3.He fell to silent when we mentioned this subject.
去掉 to

英语

4.The city, which is reported, has already taken many measures to prevent air and water pollution.
which→as

5. I had just finished my work while my mother asked me to help her clean the house.
while→when

英语

英语



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