英语中考需记住的 100 个同义词 英语中考需记住的
1. 一……就…… ……就 as soon as the moment, the minute, immediately, the instant, instantly 2. 尽可能 as … as possible as…as you can … 3.乐意做…… 乐意做…… 乐意做 be glad to do st
h。 。 be pleased to do sth。 。 be happy to do sth。 。 be delighted to do sth。 。 have pleasure to do sth。 。 4.准备做…… 准备做…… 准备做 get ready for sth。 。 get sth. ready be ready for sth。 。 be ready to do sth。 。 prepare for sth。 。 prepare oneself for sth。 。 prepare to do sth。 。 prepare sth. for sb。 。 be prepared for sth。 。 5. “邀请”与“请求” 邀请” 请求” Would you like to do sth.?
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Would you like sth.? Would you please do…? … (回答：I’d love to 。) 回答： ’ 回答 6.“没用” “没用” It is no use (in)doing sth。 。 There is no use doing sth。 。 It is useless to do sth。 。 It is no good (in) doing sth。 。 7. “结果” 结果” so …that… … enough to do sth。 。 too … to… … 8. “花费” 花费” sb. spends some time/money on sth sb. spends some time/money (in) doing sth。 。 sb. pays some money for sth。 。 sb. buy sth. for some money。 。 (sb sells sth. for some money。) 。 sth. costs sb. some time/money It costs sb. some money/time to do sth。 。 It takes sb. some time/money to do sth。 。 It takes some time/money for sb. to do sth。 。 9. “为了” 为了” so that (引导目的状语从句 引导目的状语从句) 引导目的状语从句 in order that (引导目的状语从句 引导目的状语从句) 引导目的状语从句 so as to do sth. (引导目的状语，只位于句尾 引导目的状语， 引导目的状语 只位于句尾) in order to do sth. (引导目的状语，可首可尾 引导目的状语， 引导目的状语 可首可尾) to do sth. (引导目的状语，可首可尾) 引导目的状语，可首可尾 引导目的状语 10. “以至于不” 以至于不”
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too…to… … … so …… that…not…。. … … not…enough to… … … 11. “习惯” 习惯” be used to doing sth。 。 be accustomed to doing sth。 。 12. 表示建议的表达 What about sth./doing sth.? How about sth./doing sth.? Why not do sth.? 13. “出什么毛病了” 出什么毛病了” What’s the matter with…? ’ … What’s wrong with…? ’ … What’s the trouble with…? ’ … What happens to…? … 14. “为什么不” 为什么不” Why not do sth.? Why don’t you do sth? ’ 15. “不但……而且……” 不但……而且……” ……而且 not only…but also … not only…but… … … not only…but …as well … 16.“劝阻” 阻止” “劝阻” 阻止” “阻止 “ stop sb. from doing keep sb. from doing prevent sb. from doing discourage sb. from doing sth。 。 dissuade sb. from doing sth。 。 17. “相处” 相处”
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get on with sb。 。 get on well with sb。 。 get along with sb。 。 get along well with sb。 。 mix with sb。 。 mix well with sb。 。 18. “因为” 因为” thanks to due to because of as a result of owing to 19.“形式” “形式” It’s + adj. (for/of sb. ) to do sth. (形式主语 ’ 形式主语) 形式主语 find/think/feel it + adj. + to do sth. (形式宾语 形式宾语) 形式宾语 20. stress 句型汇总 be stressed out be under a lot of stress takestand the stress 忍受压力 put stress on sth. 强调 21. “弥补” 弥补” make up for compensate for 22. “在…看来” 看来” in one’s opinion, ’ to one’s mind ’ in one’s view ’ in one’s eye ’ according to sb.
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23. “丢” be lost be missing be gone 24. “著名” 著名” be famous for sth. be famous to sb. be famous as + 职位 be famous to sb. as+ 职位 be known for sth. be known to sb. be known as+ 职位 be known to sb. as+ 职位 25. “满意” 满意” be satisfied with be pleased with be happy with be delighted with 26. “为……而高兴” ……而高兴” 而高兴 be pleased for sb be happy for sb. be glad for sb. be delighted for sth. 27. “祝贺” 祝贺” congratulate sb. on sth. congratulations to sb. on sth. 28. “道歉” 道歉” apologize to sb. for sth. make an apology to sb. for sth.
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29. “玩得高兴” 玩得高兴” have a good time have fun (doing sth.) enjoy oneself 30. “决定” 决定” decide to do sth. make a decision to do sth. determine to do sth. be determined to do sth. make a determination to do sth resolve to do sth. make a resolution to do sth. make up one’s mind to do sth. ’ set one’s mind to do sth. ’ 31. “使役” 使役” make sb. do sth. let sb. do sth. have sb. do sth. get sb. to do sth. set sb. to do sth. 32. to 表示 “的” the key to the door the key/answer to the question the solution to a problem the way to sp. the entrance to sp. be on a visit to sp. pay a visit to sp. a trip to sp.
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a ticket to sp. (a ticket for + 比赛名称) 比赛名称 33. “花了” 花了” pay some money for sth. spend some money on sth. buy sth. for some money. cost sb. some money 34. “怎么样”怎么样表达? 怎么样”怎么样表达 What do you think of sth.? How do you like sth.? What’s your view on sth.? ’ How do you feel sth.? What’s your opinion about sth? ’ 35. 对……的态度： ……的态度： 的态度 be kind to sb. be nice to sb. be friendly to sb. be amiable to sb. be polite to sb. be respectful to sb. be impolite to sb. be rude to sb. be mean to sb. be patient with sb. be impatient with sb. be angry with sb. at sth. be mad with sth. be strict with sb. in sth. 36. 疑问词+动词不定式 疑问词 动词不定式 what to do how to do sth.
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where to do sth. when to do sth. whether to do sth. 37. “刚……就……” ……就 hardly…when… … … no sooner… than… … … be about to do sth. when… … 38. like 句型汇总 like sth./sb. like doing sth like to do sth. would like to do sth. would like sth. feel like doing sth. feel like sth. look like… … what’s … like… ’ … 39. need 句型汇总 need sth/sb. need to do sth. need sb. to do sth. need doing sth. = need to be done needn’t do sth. ’ Need…do sth.? … (need 作情态动词时常用于否与疑 作情态动词时常用于否与疑) in need of = in want of in great need of meet the needs of
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40. “到达” 到达” get to sp. arrive in/at sp. reach sp. 41. interest 句型汇总 be interested in sth. have interest in sth./doing sth interest sb. in sth./doing sth. lose interest in sth/doing sth It’s interesting (for sb.)to do sth. ’ a place of interest 42. tell 句型汇总 tell sb. sth. tell sth. to sb. tell sb. about sth. tell sb. to do sth. tell sb. not to do sth. tell A from B tell the difference between A and B 43. “相同” 相同” be the same as look like be similar to 44. “拜访” 拜访” call at sp call on sb. drop in at sp. drop in on sb. 还有“号召”的意思， 注意 call on 还有“号召”的意思，句型为 call on sb. to do sth.
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45. hope 与 wish 句型汇总 hope to do sth. hope that…… …… wish to do sth. wish sb. to do sth. wish that… … hope sb. to do sth. (╳) ╳ 46. “翻译” 翻译” translate … into… … turn … into… … change … into… … 47. suggest 句型汇总 suggest that…… 虚拟语气 ……(虚拟语气 …… 虚拟语气) suggest to sb. that…… …… suggest that…… 表明 ) ……(表明 …… suggest doing sth. suggest sb. to do sth. (╳) ╳ 48. advise 句型汇总 advise sb. against sth/doing sth advise sb. to do sth. advise sb. not to do sth. 49. …to doing sth 汇总 look forward to doing sth. devote oneself to doing sth. devote one’s life to doing sth. ’ pay attention to doing sth. be used to doing sth. be accustomed to doing stick to doing sth. 坚持做…… 坚持做…… adapt to doing sth.
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admit to doing sth. apply to doing sth. be addicted to doing sth. be dedicated to doing sth. 致力于 献身于 致力于;献身于 be indifferent to doing sth. be opposed to diong sth. be similar to doing sth. get down to doing sth. give one’s mind to doing sth. ’ give rise to doing sth. lead to doing sth. object to doing sth. prefer doing A to doing B respond to doing sth. take to doing sth. 喜欢上 从事;养成…的习惯 沉湎于… 喜欢上;从事 养成 的习惯;沉湎于 沉湎于… 从事 养成… turn to doing sth.求助 转而从事于 求助;转而从事于 求助 in addition to doing sth. 50. “容忍” 容忍” put up with stand bear tolerate endure 51. “对……厌烦” ……厌烦” 厌烦 be tired of be fed up with be sick of be bored with 52. tired 句型概览
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be tired of 对…厌倦，对……烦 厌倦， ……烦 be tired with/from sth./doing sth. 因…感到疲劳 be tired out 精疲力竭 (=be exhausted) 53. “擅长” 擅长” do well in sth.doing sth. be good at sth.doing sth. be expert at sth.doing sth. be clever at sth.doing sth. be great at sth.doing sth. be excellent at sth.doing sth. be skilled at sth.doing sth. be adept at sth.doing sth. 54. “弱” be weak in be bad at be poor at 55. 感叹句句型汇总 what + a/an + adj + [C] + 主+ 谓! What + adj+ pl./[u] +主+ 谓! 主 How + adj/ adv + 主+ 谓! How + 句子! 句子 56. “双宾语”总揽 双宾语” show sb. sth →→ show sth. to sb. pass sb. sth. →→ pass sth. to sb. post sb. sth. →→ post sth. to sb. give sb. sth →→ give sth. to sb. take sb. sth. →→ take sth. to sb. lend sb sth. →→ lend sth. to sb. throw sb. sth. →→ throw sth. to sb.
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do sb. harm →→ do harm to sb. offer sb. sth. →→ offer sth. to sb. wave sb. sth. →→ wave sth. to sb. tell sb. sth. →→ tell sth. to sb. send sb. sth. →→ send sth.to sb. wish sb. sth. →→ wish sth. to sb. read sb. sth. →→ read sth. to sb. teach sb. sth. →→ teach sth. to sb. telegraph sb. sth. →→ telegraph sth. to sb. sing sb. sth. →→ sing sth. to/for sb. write sb. sth. →→ write sth. to sb. save sb. sth. →→ save sth. for sb. order sb. sth. →→ order sth. for sb. pour sb. sth. →→ pour sth. for sb. make sb. sth. →→ make sth. for sb. buy sb. sth. →→ buy sth. for sb. cook sb. sth. →→ cook sth for sb. get sb. sth. →→ get sth. for sb. win sb. sth. →→ win sth. for sb. His hard work won him a lot of praise. His hard work won a lot of praise for him. leave sb. sth. →→ leave sth. for sb. 57. “毛病” 毛病” there is sth. wrong with sth./sb. sth. is wrong with …… → 58. doing 与 to do，意思别模糊 ， forget doing sth. 做了忘了 forget to do sth. 忘了做了 remember doing sth. 记得已做
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remember to do sth. 记住要做 stop doing sth. 停止做 stop to do sth. 停下来去做 watch/see/hear sb. doing sth. 看/听见在做 听见在做 watch/see/hear sb. do sth. 看/听见做 听见做 go on doing sth. 继续做 同一件事) 继续做(同一件事 同一件事 go on to do sth. 继续做 另一件事) 继续做(另一件事 另一件事 try doing sth. 努力做 try to do sth. 尝试做 mean doing sth. 意味着… 意味着… mean to do sth. 打算做 learn doing sth. 学过… (不一定会 学过… 不一定会 不一定会) learn to do sth. 学会做 59. “告别” 告别” wave sb off 挥手告别 wave goodbye to sb. say goodbye to sb. see sb. off 60.给某人打电话 给某人打电话 call sb ring sb. call up sb. ring up sb. phone sb phone sb. to do sth. give sb a phone give sb. a call call sb. at+电话号码 电话号码 dial +电话号码 电话号码
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61. “吃惊” 吃惊” be surprised at be amazed at be astonished at be astounded at be shocked at 对……很震惊 ……很震惊 62. “生气” 的句型 生气” be angry with sb. be angry about sth. be angry at sb./sth. be angry with/at sb. about sth. be angry that…… …… be mad at sb. be annoyed with sb. 63.“严格”三句型 “严格”三句型 be strict with sb. be strict in sth. be strict with sb. in sth. 64. “根据” 根据” base A. on/upon B A be based on/upon B 65.“尽力”句型汇总 “尽力” try to do sth. try one’s best to do sth. ’ do one’s best to do sth. ’ do one’s upmost to do sth. ’ put one’s effort into sth./doing sth ’ spare no effort to do sth. 全力以赴做… 全力以赴做… endeavor to do sth. 竭尽全力做…… 竭尽全力做……
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go out of one’s way to do sth. ’ 66. “哪儿残疾” 哪儿残疾” be blind in… … be deaf in… … be lame in 67. “视而不见”与“充耳不闻” 视而不见” 充耳不闻” be blind to close one’s eyes to sth. ’ be deaf to 68.“洗耳恭听”与“目不转睛” “洗耳恭听” 目不转睛” be all ears be all eyes 69. “与某人做生意” 与某人做生意” do business with sb. make a deal with sb. 70. “surprise”句型汇总 ” in surprise to one’s surprise ’ be surprised at sth./doing sth. with a surprised look 71.“call”句型汇总 “ ” call sb. call sb.up call on sb. 拜访某人 call on sb. to do sth. 号召某人做… 号召某人做… drop in on sb 拜访某人 call at sp. call sb. at + 电话号码 call off sth/dong sth. = cancel sth/dong sth. put off sth./doing sth. = postpone sth/dong sth.
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72. “care”句型汇总 ” care sth. 在意… 在意… care for sth./sb. 喜欢…; 照顾… 喜欢… 照顾… care about sth./sb.关心…;担心…;对…感兴趣 关心… 担心… 关心 担心 对 take care of take good care of take care to do sth. take care not to do sth. be under the care of be careful about/of… … be careless about/of… … It’s careless of sb. to do sth. ’ 73. “如何打、抓人” 如何打、抓人” catch sb. by the +身体部位 身体部位 grasp sb by the +身体部位 身体部位 hit sb. on/in the +身体部位 身体部位 tap sb. on the back/shoulder 74. 关于“up with” 的句型 关于“ ” catch up with 追赶 keep up with 与…保持一致 put up with 容忍 come up with 提出 be fed up with 厌恶 75. “choose”句型总汇 ” choose to do sth choose sb as +职位 职位 choose A before B 选择 A 而非 B choose sb. sth. choose sth. for sb
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76. “把……视为” ……视为” 视为 take A as B look on A as B regard A as B treat A as B consider A as B count A as B view A as B think of A as B 77. “充满” 充满” be filled with be full of be crowed with be flooded with be peopled with 78. “in”句型汇总 ” in danger in trouble in surprise in black and white in brief in case in case of in that case in charge of in the charge of in common in depth in fact in effect
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in favor of in future in general in hand in order in order to do sth. in order that… … in other words in pairs in person in private in public in progress in rags in reality in return in short in spirit in spite of = despite in sum in store for sb. in terms of in the air=in the sky in the end in truth in turn in vain in view of in want of in need of
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in one’s twenties ’ interest sb. in sth.doing sth. be interested in sth.doing sth. have difficulty in doing sth. succeed in doing sth. spend some time in doing sth. be weak in sth.doing sth. do well in sth.doing sth. in stitches 笑破肚皮 笑得前仰后合 笑破肚皮,笑得前仰后合 The play had us in stitches. in (full) bloom 盛开 in blossom 盛开 in ruins in rough in that 在于 in the blink of an eye 眨眼间，瞬间 眨眼间， in pawn 典押 in camera 秘密地 79.“decide”句型汇总 “ ” decide to do sth, decide sb. to do sth. decide on sth. You decide. = It depends on you. 80. “dream”句型汇总 ” realize one’s dream ’ make one’s dream come true ’ dream of doing sth. follow one’s dream ’ 81. “鼓励”与“泄气”句型 鼓励” 泄气” encourage sb. to do sth.
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discourage sb. from doing sth. 82. 五“照顾、照看” 照顾、照看” look after sb. take care of sb. attend to sb. wait on sb. care for sb. keep an eye on sth./sb. have an eye for sth. 83. fail 的句型 fail (in)sth. fail to do sth. fail sb. = make sb. disappointed 84. 从“做成”到“做败” 做成” 做败” succeed in doing sth. manage to do sth. attempt to do sth. fail to do sth. 85.feel 句型总汇 句型总汇 feel + adj. feel like doing sth feel it + adj. + to do sth feel for sth. 摸索… 摸索… feel sb. do sth. feel sth. to be 86. “适合做……”“有资格做……” ， 适合做……” 有资格做……” be fit for be suitable for be great for be responsible for
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be qualified for be eligible for 87. fit 句型总汇 fit sb. for sth. fit sb to do sth. be fit to sth. It is fit for sb. to do sth. 88. free 句型总汇 be free from free sb.sth from set sb. free 89. fun 句型总汇 have fun doing sth. It’s great fun doing sth. ’ make fun of sb. 90. “尊重”与“鄙视” 尊重” 鄙视” look up to sb. respect sb. look down upon sb. despise sb. 91.如何与人“结/离婚” 如何与人“ 离婚” 如何与人 离婚 marry sb. get married to sb. be married to sb. divorce sb. one’s marriage with sb. ’ one’s divorce from sb. ’ 92. 过去分词短语做宾补 have sth done get sth. done
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want sth done with sth done 93. 两“放弃” 放弃” give up sth./doing sth. drop sth. 94. 两“检查” 检查” look over sb./sth. examine sb./sth 95. good 句型汇总 be good to sb. be good for sb./sth. be good at sth. be good with sb./sth. do sb. good It’s good of sb. to do sth. ’ It’s no good doing sth. ’ It’s no good one’s doing sth. ’ ’ 96. 四“感谢” 感谢” be grateful to sb. for sth./doing sth. be thankful to sb. for sth./doing sth. thank sb. for sth./doing sth. thanks for sth./doing sth. 97. 如何“猜” 如何“ guess sb./sth to be make a guess at sth. 98. harm 句型总汇 There is no harm in doing sth. It does no harm to do sth. do sb./sth. harm do harm to sb./sth.
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99. 四“渴望” 渴望” be eager to do sth. long for be hungry for sth. be thirsty for sth. 100. plan 句型汇总 have a plan for sth. have a plan to do sth. plan to do sth. plan out 精心安排 Plan out your route before you go. 出发前要精心设计你的路线。 出发前要精心设计你的路线。 plan on doing sth.打算做某事 打算做某事 We are planning on visiting him next month.
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